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Welcome to Missouri Genealogy Trails site for Cape Girardeau County.

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BIOGRAPHY OF HISTORIC CAPE GIRARDEAU COUNTY
Source:  A Project of the Bicentennial Commission of Cape Girardeau, Missouri.  No copyright.
HOW THE CITY GOT ITS NAME, by Jess E. Thilenius (excerpts) 
How Cape Girardeau received its name stems from old records that show almost two and a half centuries ago a young ensign named Jean Baptiste Girardot (Girardeau) was with the "French Royale Troupes de Marines" stationed at Kaskaskia and crossed to west of the Mississippi River to establish his trading post on a rock promontory, now known as "Cape Rock Park." This picturesque eminence with the current of the river striking its base made a cove, or cape, that gave this French soldier and trader extensive view and shelter for his boats.
Don Louis Lorimer established Cape Girardeau as a permanent settlement in 1793.  He was a Frenchman who traveled to the Upper Louisiana area of the Louisiana Purchase.  Lorimer was born in 1748 in Etienne, Montreal, Canada.  Lorimer built a residence, which was called the "Red House."
On January 1, 1807, Joseph McFerron was appointed the first postmaster of the area by President Thomas Jefferson. He was elected in 1808 one of the five trustees of the new town.  Jackson was designated the county seat of the newly formed Cape Girardeau County.  (More county history)



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CAPE GIRARDEAU COUNTY COURTHOUSE
1 Barton Square
Jackson, MO 63755-1878
Phone:  573-243-1052
Year organized:  1812
Square Miles:  579
Courthouse burned in 1870
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Cape Girardeau Public Library
(573)334-5279
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Cape Girardeau Archive Center
112 E. Washington
Jackson, MO
573-204-2331
Email:  archive@capecounty.us


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Surrounding Counties
Perry County (north)
Union County, Illinois (northeast)
Alexander County, Illinois (east)
Scott County (southeast)
Stoddard County (south)
Bollinger County (west)

COUNTY POPULATION
1821=7,852
1830=7,430
1840=9,359
1850=13,912
1860=15,547
1870=17,558
1880=20,998
1980=58,745
1990=61,633
2000=68,693


Visitors since April 21, 2006


2006-2011 Missouri Genealogy Trails
(Unless otherwise stated, all data is transcribed and submitted by the hosts.)
2006-2011 Missouri Genealogy Trails. This copyright includes all contents of this site and does not extend to any other entity. It may not be quoted or retransmitted 
without a full citation to the author, and may not be put into print--in whole or part--without the individual author's express permission.