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Carroll County
Missouri

Carroll County School History

The early settlers of Carroll County were unlike those of other counties, education was a slow growth as they were more concerned with the developement of their homes and then towns, courthouse, jails then schools. Most of the schools established early were often in homes of the settlers until actual school houses were built. The teacher lived with different families and often helped with the chores of the family where he was living at the time. Soon they built crude log houses out of round logs with puncheon floors, the roof being made of clapboard secured by means of weight poles. No nails were used. A fire place was built into one end of the building which provided heat. The patrons provided the fuel, which was cut by the bid boys of the school and the teacher. The building had no windows, the light came through an opening cut in the side of the room over which greased paper was placed. There were no desks and chairs as we know today, they were crude boards along the side of the building where the student stood to practice their writing with quill pens. The seats were puncheon with pegs in them for legs. Here the teacher worked the livelong day. He began his labors at sunrise and contined until later in the afternoon, dismissing the children only in time for them to reach their homes by dark. His pay was generally $10 -$12 a month and was very seldom paid in money. There were no text books, they used the New Testament, the almanac or the "Life of Washington" for spelling and reading. Later the famouse blue back speller came into use. Publich schools did not begin until about 1839. The first district in Carroll County was authorized by the court at the February term, 1840. Thomas Arnold, Edmund J. Rea aned John Standley were members of the courr at the time. The subjects that were taught after this were reading, writing, arthimetic, georgraphy and grammer.

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