Cole County, Missouri
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Hello and welcome to the Genealogy Trails website for Cole County, Missouri. As we believe all data should be without cost, our goal at Genealogy Trails is to help you track your ancestors through time by transcribing genealogical and historical data and placing it online for the free use of all researchers.

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Established: Nov. 16, 1820, effective Jan. 1, 1821
Parent County: Cooper
County Seat: Jefferson City
Named After: Stephen Cole, pioneer settler and Indian fighter

[The Source is: P.M. Pinckard, The Missouri handbook, St. Louis, 1865, 162 pgs.- Transcribed by Donna Walton]

Is situated on the Missouri river, near the center of the State. The face of the country is generally rolling or broken, with thin soil, generally well adapted to the growth of small grain and fruits of all kinds. On the bottoms of the Missouri, Osage and Moreau, is good alluvial soil; very fertile, embracing perhaps one-fourth of the area of the county. The soil and climate are favorable to fruit culture; the peaches seldom fail, and all kinds of fruits, including the grape, yield abundantly. The interior of the county is drained by Moreau creek, which rises so rapidly and to such a height, that it is upon some maps called a river. Fish are numerous in this stream; and it is related by a former representative from this county who had a mill upon the Moreau, that the fish were so numerous as to frequently clog the wheels and stop the mill. Then the only alternative was to shut the gate and beat the water with poles, to drive them away! The Capitol of the State, Jefferson City, is located in this county, and the beautiful limestone from which the Capitol building is constructed, is very abundant, forming a stratum of upwards of forty feet in thickness, in the bluffs upon with Jefferson City is situated. Limestone suitable for making hydraulic cement is found in the bluffs above the city, and sandstone, for building, and sand and clay for brick are also abundant. Timber in great variety and good size is found on the bluffs and in the valleys. (For history of Cole county, see "Missouri As It Is", pages 234 and 235.) Both lead ore and coal are found in the county, but no systematic mining has been done.

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Online Data



Bible Records  updated




Church News



 Family Pages


Executions  NEW



Marriages Records
Marriage Licenses
Marriage Announcements
Pioneer Marriages



Newspaper Articles



County Updates
August 2014
Several  History Chapters, Pioneer Marriages

February 2013
1883 Pensioners
Marriage Announcements: Blosser-Rohbach, Leslie-Clarke, Otto-Holorath

December 2012
County History
Enon Cemetery Addition


Surrounding Counties

Boone County (north)
Callaway County (northeast)
Osage County (southeast)
Miller County (southwest)
Moniteau County (northwest)

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Candi Horton Feb. 2007- 09  Genealogy Trails - 06/13/2013