Gasconade County Missouri
The Organization of the County.
Gasconade County was organized by an act approved November 25, 1820. The boundary lines of the county, as originally made, embraced " all that part of the county of Franklin included within the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning in the middle of the main channel of the Missouri Kiver opposite to the termination of the sectional line, which forms the middle line in Eange No. 4 west of the fifth principal meridian; thence south to said line, and along said line south to the corner in the township line of 41, north of the base line; thence west along the line of Township 41, to the corner in the range line in Eange No. 8, west of the fifth principal meridian; thence north along said range line to the Missouri Biver, and due north to the middle of the main channel thereof; thence along the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River to the beginning." The act of organizing the county was to go into operation January 1, 1821.
All that portion of Franklin County, which lay west of Gasconade County, as above described, and west of the line running south through Range 4 and south of Gasconade County, was attached to Gasconade County for civil, military and judicial purposes, until such time as it should be erected into one or more counties.
Daniel M. Boon, John McDonald, Patrick Cullins, Moses Welton and Edward Simons were appointed commissioners of the public buildings to be erected in Gasconade County, any three of whom were authorized to act, and they were authorized to purchase or receive by donation any number of acres of land from fifty up to 200, upon which to fix the seat of justice of said county. Meanwhile, until a courthouse should be erected on this tract of land selected by the commissioners, the courts were required to be held in the town of Gasconade.
On January 14, 1825, an act was passed by the Legislature of Missouri with reference to the boundaries of Gasconade County, as follows:
Whereas, The citizens of the county of Gasconade have petitioned this General Assembly to pass a law to alter and define the limits of said county, and to authorize the removal of the seat of justice thereof; therefore, Be it Enacted, etc., That the county of Gasconade shall hereafter be bounded as follows, to wit: Beginning in the main channel of the Missouri River, north of the termination of the sectional line, which forms the middle of Range 4 west of the fifth principal meridian; thence due south to the township line between Townships 39 and 40; thence west with said line to the range line between Ranges 11 and 12; thence north with said range line to the middle of the main channel of the Osage River; thence down the middle of said river to the mouth thereof; thence due north to the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River; thence down the middle of the main channel of said Missouri River to the beginning.
A glance at the map will show that the above boundaries included a part (twenty-seven square miles) of what is now Crawford County, a part (seven and a half townships) of what is now Maries County, and the whole of what is now Osage County.
Section 2 of the act quoted above appointed James Williams, Asa Pinion, James Parsons, Joseph Morrow and Louis David, of the county of Gasconade, commissioners, with power and authority " to point out and fix upon the most suitable site on the Gasconade Eiver whereon to erect a courthouse and jail for said county, and the place whereon they, or a majority of them, shall agree, shall be the permanent seat of justice for said county of Gasconade, provided said site shall be the nearest suitable site on said river to the center of said county."
By Section 4, William Bumpass, Joel Starkey, Sr., and Benjamin Simpson, of Gasconade County, were appointed commissioners of the courthouse and jail; and Section 7 provided that the several courts then held in the county should be held thenceforward at the dwelling house of Isaac Perkins, until the commissioners of the courthouse should notify the proper officers that a courthouse had been provided at the new seat of justice of the county. Section 9 made it the duty of the commissioners to select the seat of justice of the county, to meet on the first Monday (the 7th) of March, 1825, and then proceed to perform the duties required of them under the act.
As will be seen in another part of this sketch, Gasconade City, or the town of Gasconade, was selected as the first county seat of the county.
An act was approved January 29, 1841, which considerably reduced the area of Gasconade County. Section 40 of this act was as follows:
All that portion of territory included within the county of Gasconade, being west of the range line dividing Ranges 6 and 7, is hereby created a separate and distinct county, to be called and known by the name of Osage.
March 3, 1869, a statute on county boundaries was approved, of which Section 2 reads as follows:
That Section 67, Chapter 34, of the general statutes be so amended as to read as follows: Section 67, Gasconade County; Beginning at a point in the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River, where the prolongation north of the subdivisional line dividing equally into two parts Range 4 would intersect the same; thence south to the northwest corner of Section 16, Township 40, Range 4 west; thence west with section lines to the range line between Ranges 5 and 6; thence south with said range line to the township line between Townships 39 and 40; thence west with said township line to the northwest corner of Township 40, Range 6 west; thence north with the range line between Ranges 6 and 7, to the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River; thence down said river in the middle of the main channel thereof to the place of beginning.
These are the boundaries of the county at the present time. On the first day the county court was in session it passed an order dividing the county into three townships, as follows: The first to extend back the whole extent of the county to the line of Township 43, north of the base line, which should be called and known by the name of Clark Township; the second to extend back south the whole extent of the county, to the base line, and to be called and known by the name of Bbulware Township; the third to extend back south to the southern boundary line of the county, and to be called and known by the name of Boon Township.
Robert Fowler was appointed constable of Clark Township; Philip Boulware of Boulware Township, and Abraham Clements of Boon Township.
Skaggs Township was laid off January 21, 1822. Its boundaries included all that part of Boon Township bounded as follows: Beginning at the Franklin County line, where the base line crosses the same ; thence along said base line due west until said line crosses the Osage River ; thence up said Osage River with the meanders thereof until it intersects a line drawn due west from the mouth of Big Spring Fork of Gasconade River to the Osage River; thence due east to the mouth of Big Spring Fork; thence due east to the county line of Washington County; thence along said line and the Franklin County line to the beginning; the rest to remain Boon Township.
Gibson Township was laid off May 7, 1822, as follows: Beginning at a point in the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River, opposite the range line between Ranges 7 and 8; thence south along said line to the township line between Townships 43 and 44; thence west along said line to the middle of the main channel of the Osage River ; thence down the same to the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River, and thence down the same to the place of beginning.
Gray Township was laid off the same day, as follows : Beginning at the point where the Potosi road crosses the Gasconade and Washington County line; thence westwardly with the road aforesaid to the place where William Bumpass now lives; thence in a direct line to the lower part of David Perkins' farm, and continuing in the same direction until it intersects the township line between Townships 43 and 44; thence west along said line to the middle of the main channel of the Osage River; and thence up the same to the point where the base line crosses the said Osage River; thence east along said base line to Washington County; thence north with the Washington County line to the beginning.
Cullins Township was laid off the same day, as follows : Beginning at the mouth of Big Spring Fork of the Gasconade River; thence due east along the Skaggs Township line to the road leading from Benjamin Skaggs' to Col. Daniel M. Boon's mill; thence along said road southerly to Spring Creek; thence down the same to its mouth ; thence a straight line to the point where Roubidoux Creek first sinks; thence from the sinks a course so as to include all the waters of the Gasconade River above the mouth of the Roubidoux aforesaid to the southern extremity of the county; thence with said extremity westerly to the Osage River ; thence down the same in the middle of the main channel thereof to the point where the base line crosses the said river, and thence east with Skaggs Township line to the beginning.
Bourbois Township was organized May 5, 1828, and was bounded thus : Running from William Bumpass' due east to the county line ; thence south to Skaggs Township ; thence west with Skaggs Township line to where the county road leading to the sawmills crosses said line; thence northwardly witli said road to the above named William Bumpass'.
Maries Township was organized June 18, 1832, being struck off from the southwest corner of Gray Township, and being bounded as follows: Commencing at the Osage River opposite Prince's Landing, and running thence in a direction to where Alexander Hill lives, leaving said Hill to the right; thence a straight line to the county line passing by Charles Lane's on the Gasconade River, leaving said Lane immediately to the right, and all the extent of country south of said line and within the limits of Gasconade County.
Roark Township was organized July 7, 1834: Beginning at the middle of the main channel of the Missouri River, at the corner of Gasconade and Franklin Counties ; thence up said river with the Gasconade County line to the mouth of the Gasconade River; thence up the said river in the middle of the main channel thereof to the township line between townships Clark and Boulware ; thence east to the line of Franklin County, and thence north to the beginning.
Osage Township was organized May 6, 1839; commencing at the mouth of the Osage River ; thence up said river to the mouth of Maries Creek; thence up said creek to the mouth of Rush Creek ; thence up said creek to the line between Ranges 8 and 9 thence along said line to the Missouri River ; thence up said river to the beginning.
March 8, 1841, after the creation of Osage County, Gasconade County was divided into four municipal townships, as follows:
Bourbois to extend from the south line of the county north to the line between Sections 7 and 18 on the west side of said county, and Sections 9 and 16 on the east side of said county in Township 41.
Third Creek Township to commence at the north line of Bourbois Township, and to extend north to the line between Sections 30 and 31, on the west side of the county, and Sections 28 and 33, on the east side of the county, in Township 43.
Boulware Township, commencing at the north line of Third Creek Township, and to extend north to the line between Sections 6 and 7 on the west, and Sections 4 and 9 on the east side of the county, in Township 44.
Roark Township to include all the territory in the county north of Boulware Township.
Allotting justices were appointed as follows: Roark Township, Julius Leopold; Boulware Township, Burton Cooper; Third Creek Township, Thomas Hibler, and Bourbois Township, Samuel Burchard,
Canaan Township was organized November 14, 1846, beginning at the line dividing the county of Gasconade from Franklin, and extending west for eight miles, to include all the territory within said limits that had before been in Third Creek Township.
Richland Township was organized July 20, 1846, commencing at the northwest corner of Gasconade County, and running with the county line south to the Boulware Township line ; thence east to the range line between Ranges 5 and 6; thence north with said line to the Missouri River, and thence up the said river to the beginning.
Brush Creek Township was organized May 14, 1858, by the division of Bourbois Township into two townships by a line running north and south, one mile east of Range 6. The townships at present in the county are Roark, Boeuf, Canaan, Brush Creek, Bourbois, Third Creek, Boulware and Richland. Township organization has not been experimented with in Gasconade County.
The County Seats.
Gasconade City was the first county seat of Gasconade County. According to the plat of the " City" made by John G. Heath, surveyor, this place was located in latitude 38' 28' north, and in longitude 14° 7° west from Washington. D. Waldo assisted Mr. Heath to lay out the town. According to the field notes of the surveyor the boundaries of the town were as follows : Beginning at a stake from which is a hackberry tree north 13° west, 8 links, and an elm south 11° east, 17 links, 2 feet in diameter; thence east 1,250 links to the banks of a "sloo;" thence south to the Gasconade; thence south 32° west, 3,024 links; thence west 20 chains to a hackberry from which there is an elm south 24° west, 27 links, 18 inches in diameter, and a pin oak north 58° west, 13 links (3 inches in diameter; thence north 40 chains to the beginning.
The second description of the town plat was as follows: Beginning at the section corner between Sections 10 and 11; thence 2° 3' east 56 poles to a stake, the corner of K. & T. Heath's, continuing 50 poles to a " sloo" bank; thence south 50° east with the bank of the sloo, 56 poles; south 60° east, 57 poles to the Gasconade; thence south 32° west, 98° poles; thence south 35° west, 32 poles, the water line of said town; thence west 80 poles to a hackberry 10 inches in diameter; thence north with section line 160 poles to the aforesaid stake on the east and west line between Sections 11 and 2, 56 poles from the section corner.
This town was laid out into 169 lots; the streets running one way were Virginia, Carolina, Georgia and Alabama, and those running the other, Main, First, Second, etc., up to Sixth. The public square lay on both sides of Virginia Street, and between Fourth and Fifth, and contained four lots on each side of Virginia Street. The courthouse was to be erected on the south side of Virginia Street.
Gasconade City remained the county seat until 1825, when, on account of a flood, it was deemed advisable to remove it, hence, Bartonville, a more central location, was chosen. Following are some of the proceedings in reference to moving to Bartonville: On October 7, 1825, the commissioners of the county seat, William Bumpass and David Waldo, gave bond in the sum of $16 to James Crider, to execute to him a deed to Lot No. 57, in the town of Bartonville, as soon as they showed a patent, and payment for the lot, A similar bond was given to James Harrison, in the sum of $11, to execute a deed to him to Lot No. 8.
The following due bill was recorded: Due Philip P. Boulware, $53.21, being the balance of the principal of a note given to him by Bumpass & Waldo, commissioners of Bartonville, at 20 per cent interest; also the further sum of $4.70, being the amount of the balance of the interest on said note, calculated to the 7th of April, 1828. Witness our hands and seals this 26th day of March, 1828. David Waldo, Coiiwiissioner of the Seat of Justice.
There was due on this note May 14, 1829, when the money was tendered Mr. Boulware by David Waldo, $58.28. Bonds were given other individuals for deeds to lots which they had selected in Bartonville, as quite a number seemed anxious to be among the first to acquire property in the new county seat. Following are some of the names of those who thus purchased lots there, with the numbers and prices of the lots:
Peter Massie, Lot 5, $25.12, and Lot 6, $10; William Clark, Lot 7, $10.25; J. Harrison, Lot 8, $11.25; J. T. Pryor, Lot 9, $9.25; J. Stephens, Lots 10, 11, 12, 13, at $5.25, $5.31, $5.37, and $4; John Pryor, Lot 16, $4.50; Thomas Baskett, Lot 15, $3; Capt. Duncan, Lot 14, $3; Charles Massie, Lot 4, $16.12J; Lewis David, Lots 2 and 3, $13.25; Robert Shobe, Lot 88, $19.95; Peter Massie, Lot 56, $10.50; Philip Boulware, Lot 89, $20.62; Robert Shobe, Lot 117, $11.25; Philip Boulware, Lot 116, $11.37; Thomas Edmunson, Lot 87, $10, and James Crider, Lot 57, $8.
This town was located on the Gasconade River, in Township 43, Range 7 west, and was, therefore, in what is now Osage County. It remained the county seat until 1828, when it was, like its predecessor, Gasconade City, visited by a flood, and hence was not a comfortable place for the county seat. At the May term, 1828, the county court appointed William C. Carr, Robert P. Farris, William M. Lucas, William G. Owens and David Sterigere commissioners for selecting a " seite," whereon to locate the seat of justice in Gasconade County, their meeting to be at the house of Isaac Perkins, June 5, 1828, and the following notice was pubished:
The people of Gasconade County are hereby notified that the commissioners to select the most suitable place for public ])uildings in said county, within one mile of Thomas Shockley's, will be at the house of Isaac Perkins, on the 5th day of June, 1828, to perform their duty. By order of the justices of the county court. E. Wamsley, Sheriff. Joseph Waldo, Deputy Shenff\
These proceedings were had in obedience to a petition as follows : To the Honorable the Judges of the County Court of the County of Gasconade:
Whereas, We had two locations of the seat of justice in said county, in both of which we have been swamped, and
Whereas, Thomas Shockley and Isaac Perkins have bound themselves to deed and give to the said county fifty acres of land suitable, central and in every respect appropriate for a county seat, commanding a fine view of the Gasconade River, and possessing a noble, bold and durable spring, that bids fair to be permanent as the bluff upon which it will be located, being very near in a direct line from Union in Franklin County, to the seat of Government, with a large eddy for boats, and an excellent place for a ferry; we therefore pray your honors to take the legal steps to bring about this object of our wishes, being entirely in favor of the removal from Bartonville.
This petition was filed April 19, 1828, and signed by the following persons: David Waldo, Thomas Baskett, Joseph Waldo, Philip Boulware, Samuel Duncan, Isaac Perkins, John Preston, Henry Hill, George Evans, Jesse Evans, Joseph Revau, Louis R. Hathe, Francis Fief, Charles Ruil, Podlett Danice, Gabriel Marstow, Francis D. Moyer, Battice Grayin, Sr. and Jr., Battice Danice, Edward Cason, Seth Cason, Pemberton Cason, William Cason, James Sullivant, Emanuel Case, E. AVamsley, Daniel Waldo, John Tackett, Aaron Night, B. Hinch, Ezekiel Hinch, John Scott, Hardy Keeners, Robert Rollins, Hugh Barclay, James Glasgow, James Roark, Henry Francis, James Burns, Thomas L. Walker, Joel Starky, Jr., Daniel Crider, Sr. and Jr., Joseph Crider, Fred Barbank, Edward Million, William Watson, N. Watson, Samuel Burchard, Leonard Reed, Sr. and Jr., Henry Cowan, Henry Holder, William AVeir, Henry Reed, Anthony Margraves, Daniel Simpson, Moses Simpson, John Capehart, William L. Margraves, William Hughes, John Gilson, John Hughes, McCramy Hughes, Thomas Capehart, A. Eattles, Luke Jefferson, Lewis Davall, Fred Capehart, Jacob Foulks, Benjamin Ecot, James Cox, William Todds, George W. Burchard, Joseph M. Morrow, William Laughlin, John Houghmann, Sr. and Jr., and John Persiter
The commissioners met at the house of Isaac Perkins on the day namedabove, and proceeded to select a "scite " for the seat of justice of the county, and found one on the banks of the Gasconade River, which they believed would answer every purpose. The place selected is sometimes known as Shockley's Bluff, and at others, as Starky's Bluff. It was known as Starky's Bluff from the fact of Joel Starky having entered the land, and received a patent from the United States Government, dated May 10, 1825, and signed by John Quincy Adams, to the northwest quarter of Section 20, Township 20, Range 6 west. Joel Starky deeded the land to Thomas Shockley, July 14, 1825, and as Mr. Shockley lived there, it was, by some, called Shockley's Bluff. Isaac Perkins' title to the portion of the " scite" sold to the county for a seat of justice was a patent from the United States Government, dated October 1, 1819, to the southwest quarter of Section 17, Township 43, Range 6 west, and the commissioners who made the selection of Starky's Bluff for a "scite" for the seat of justice of Gasconade County were William G. Owens, David Sterigere and William Lucas.
The courthouse erected in Mount Sterling was of logs, 20x24 feet in size; the under floor was dressed, laid down and staid, joined and nailed. There were two batten doors, two windows below and one above, each with twelve panes of glass, and a shingle roof. There was a judge's seat, two feet high and four feet wide across the end of the house; a jury seat, and stairs running from the judge's seat to the upper floor; a stone chimney and two fireplaces—one above, the other below—chinked and daubed with plaster and lime, and the building was underpinned with stone. On March 31, 1832, Joshua Cox, the contractor for the building of the courthouse, was paid $303.12 1/2.
The county seat remained upon its " scite " at Mount Sterling until 1842, when an election was demanded and held upon the question of its removal to Hermann, that city having proposed to render substantial financial assistance to the county toward its removal. The election was held March 14, 1842. In Roark Township there were 297 votes in favor of the removal, and none against it. The judges were Thomas Roark, Jacob Schiefer and D. Widersprecher. Among those who voted on this question were Catherine Bayer (widow), Martha Hoehn, Caroline Pommer (widow), Charlotte Massie (widow), Paulina Pommer and Catherine Hulion (widow). The election was held at the house of James A. Matthews, in Third Creek Township, the vote standing, for Hermann, none; against Hermann, eighty-six. The judges here were Thomas Hibler, Abraham Wiseman and Henry Graf. Lots 4, 5, 6 and 7, valued at §3,000, were deeded to the county by the inhabitants of Hermann, for the location of the courthouse and jail. These lots are on a high bluff just east of the foot of Market Street, and from the large, two-story brick courthouse, erected on the top of this bluff, a fine view of the Missouri River Valley and the country for miles around is obtained. Thus the county seat became permanently located in Hermann. Owensville, however, is now auticipating two events in her own future, viz., the completion of the St. Louis, Kansas City & Colorado Railroad through her limits, and then the removal of the capital of the county to Owensville.
The first bond for a deed given in Gasconade County was by Angus L. Laugh am and Elias T. Langham, in the sum of $2,000, to make a deed to Benjamin Laughlin for 254.79 acres of land, the fractional half of Section 1, Towu ship 45, Range No. 8 west, for which land Laughlin agreed to pay $318.61 in hand, the like sum on or before the 1st of June, 1821, and the like sum on or before the 1st of December, 1822, for all of which sums Mr. Laughlin executed his promissory notes, under date of October 20, 1820. The above bond, the first on the deed records of the county, was recorded January 19, 1821.
April 3, 1821, Robert A. Heath, John G. Heath and Esther Heath (wife of John G. ), made an indenture with Moses Welton, Edward Simons and Daniel M. Boon, commissioners of the public buildings of Gasconade County, agreeing to sell to them, for the use of the county, etc., fifty acres of land, near the mouth of the Gasconade River, for the sum of $10.
One of the early purchases of land in this county was that by Robert A. and John G. Heath, of 160 acres of land on the Big Island, opposite Cofe Sans Dessein, of Joseph Rassene. who claimed preference to purchase by reason of actual habitation and cultivation, agreeable to several acts of Congress, which preference he transferred to Robert A. and John G. Heath, December 21, 1818, for §300. Tliis preference Joseph Rassene (or Rassein) acquired by marrying the Widow Paraw, she having acquired the right when sole survivor and widow of Jean Baptiste Paraw. The Big Island was situated at the mouth of Osage River, opposite Coie Scdis Dcssein.
The officers of the county have been as follows : Circuii Court Clerks.—Samuel C. Owens, 1821; David Waldo, 1822; John B. Harrison, 1833; E. McJilton, 1838; John B. Harrison, 1840; James Arrott, 1853; Wesselhoeft, 1865; Jasper C. England, 1866; Julius Hundhausen, 1871, and August Meyer, present clerk, 1879.
Damel Waldo, 1821; William Clark, 1823; Samuel Burchard, 1826; Elijah Wamsley, 1827; Abraham Clements, 1828; John B. Harrison, 1829; John Scott, 1832; John Prior, 1832; William David, 1836; Madison Shaw, 1839; Gideon P. Wyatt, 1841; Burton Cooper, 1847; Silas Hall, 1851; Robert Allen, 1853; Burton Cooper, 1856; Kasten Buschmann, 1860; William Bergner, 1864; Christopher Kuhn, 1868; William S. Cooper, 1872; Theodore Bergner, 1875; Conrad Klinge, 1880; Theodore Bergner, 1882; F. W. Hueller, elected in 1884, and again in 1886.
John G. Heath, May 28, 1821; Stephen W. Foreman, September 17, 1821 ; James Devore, February 18, 1822; James McCall, June 17, 1822; Robert P. Farris, June 9, 1825; John Bant, 1828; Hamilton R. Gamble, July 2, 1829; Robert A. Ewing, appointed October 29, 1829; James L. Murray, appointed October 29, 1830; Robert AY. Wells, 1831; Thomas J. Givens, 1834; William Scott, August 1. 1834; Philip Cole, 1835; William N. Napton, attorney-general, August 21, 1836; Samuel M. Bay, August 5, 1839; John S. Brickey, 1841; John D. Stephenson, 1849; D. Q. Gale, 1850; David Murphy, 1865; George W. Hopkins, 1866; D. Q. Gale, 1867; William H. McCullough, 1868; N. G. Clark, 1869; A. J. Seay, 1870; Joseph M. Seay, 1871; Peter W. Burchard, 1875; Louis Hoffman, 1879; Ed. Neuenhalm, 1883; E. M. Clark, 1884; Robert Walker, 1886.
County Court Clerks.
David Waldo, J. B. Harrison, William Biimpass, 1830; E. McJilton, 1887; J. B. Harrison, 1841; James Arrott, 1848; William Wissellioeft, 1865; E. Kelir, 1866; William C. Boeing, 1870, and Conrad Klinge, 1882, present clerk.
Philip P. Boulware, appointed by the county court January 15, 1821, and on May 28, 1821, he returned into court his assessment, and received $60 for thirty days' work; David Waldo, 1822 to 1827; William Coppedge, 1828; John Scott, 1830; J. B. Harrison, 1831 and 1832; Samuel Burchard, 1834; David Hooper, 1835; William Breeding, 1839; Benjamin F. Williams, 1841; William Bumpass, 1842; Thomas Boark, 1845; Silas Hall, 1848 to 1852; G. H. Gentner, 1860. Mr. Gentner was assessor continuously for many years, and systematized a plan of assessing which, in all probability, is not excelled in the State.
John G. Heath was appointed by the county court in January, 1821 ; E. H. Wyatt was appointed July 27, 1833; Francis W. Bumpass, 1840; Hermann Bock, 1844; William C. Boeing, 1858; William Gensert, 1866; Rudolph Poser, 1873.
The sheriff was ex officio collector until 1871, since when Ed. Koeller, August Begemann and George Kraettly have been collectors, the latter being the incumbent at present.
David Waldo, 1824; Samuel Harrison, 1832; John W. Hawkins, 1834; AVilliam Bumpass, 1836; H. AV. D. Widesprecher, 1842; Daniel S. Lowry, 1843; Robert J. Skinner, 1845; George Klinge, 1856; H. Rutemayer, 1862; R.C. Schlender, 1870; E. Koeller, 1878; R. C. Schlender, 1880; William Klinger, 1882, and Charles Fugger, 1886.
Public Administrators [list in part).—William Bumpass, 1836, and appointed in 1860; F. W. Wolking, 1866; Wesley Massie, 1870; Charles Hoffmann, 1876; Gustav Kirchhoff, 1880; John Henry Meyer, 1884.
Jonathan Holloway, 1832; Hugh Barclay, 1836; Burr Harrison, 1838; A. Alexander, 1840; Isaiah King, 1842; James A. Matthews, 1844; William B. Pannell, 1846; William L. Walton, 1848; Burton Cooper, 1850 and 1852; James O. Silton, 1854, 1856 and 1858; L. D. Wyatt, 1860; C. C. Manwaring, 1862; AY. O. Dallmeyer, 1864 and 1866; Constance Riek, 1868; Benjamin Leach, 1870; Dean W. Tainter, 1872; Henry Read, 1874; C. D. Eitzen, 1876; William A. Cooper, 1878; * * Joseph Leising, 1884.
County School Commissioners.
Chapman, 1856; E. J. Sorrell, 1858; Rabenan, 1864; Dr. J. D. Howard, 1866; Samuel Beander Baker, 1870; Henry Read, 1872; George H. King, 1874 and 1876; August Meyer, 1877; A. Labhardt, 1879; Louis Schaumburg, 1883; L. C. Ott, 1877, present commissioner.
Presidential votes: In 1836 the vote for President was, William Henry Harrison 81, Martin Yan Buren 115; 1840, William Henry Harrison 136, Martin Yan Buren 636; this, it will be remembered, was for what was afterward, in 1841, Osage County also; 1844, Henry Clay 71, James K. Polk 326; 1848, Zachary Taylor 87, Lewis Cass 349; 1852, Winfield Scott 89, Franklin Pierce 304; 1856, Millard Fillmore 220, James Buchanan 403; 1860, Abraham Lincoln 433, John Bell 157, John C. Breckinridge 51, Stephen A.Douglas 188; 1864, Abraham Lincoln 862, George B. McClellan 185; 1868, Ulysses S. Grant 1,074, Horatio Seymour 135; 1872, U. S. Grant 878, Horace Greeley 276; 1876, R. B. Hayes 1,158, Samuel J. Tilden 558; 1880, James A. Garfield 1,512, W. S. Hancock 487; 1884, James G. Blaine 1,523, Grover Cleveland 548. O n governor the vote since 1840 has been as follows: 1840, Thomas Reynolds (Democrat) 644, John B. Clark (Whig) 175; 1844, John C. Edwards (Democrat) 392, Charles H. Allen (Whig) 71; 1848, Austin A. King (Democrat) 426, James S. Rollins (Whig) 93; 1852, Sterling Price (Democrat) 348, John H. Winston (Whig) 59; 1856, Trusten Polk 52, Robert C. Ewing 207, Thomas H. Benton 491; 1860, Claiborne F. Jackson (Democrat) , Hancock Jackson (Democrat) , Sample Orr (Opposition) , James B. Gardenhire (Republican) ; 1864, Thomas C. Fletcher (Republican) -, Thomas L. Price (Democrat) ; the vote for a constitutional convention was 120, against it, 70; in 1865 the new constitution received 508 votes, while 346 were cast against it; 1868, Joseph W. McClurg (Republican) 927, John S. Phelps (Democrat) 307; 1870, Joseph W. McClurg (Republican) 283, B. Gratz Brown 779; 1872, Silas Woodson (Liberal Republican) 321, J, B. Henderson (Republican) 933; 1874, C. H. Hardin 168, Wm. Gentry 1,036; 1876, G. A. Finkelnburg 1,200, John S. Phelps 520, Alexander 1; 1880, Thomas T. Crittenden 478, David P. Dyer 1,521, L. A. Brown 4; 1884, John S. Marmaduke —, Nicholas Ford —
Commencing with 1848, the congressional district to which Gasconade County has belonged and the congressional vote have been as follows: In 1848 Gasconade County was a part of the Second District, and cast for William V. N. Bay 436 votes, to 84 for Porter; in 1850 the vote was, for Henderson 253, Porter 97; in 1852 Alfred W. Lamb (Democrat) received 326 votes, and Porter (Whig) 99; in 1854 this county was in the Sixth District, and gave for John S. Phelps (Anti-Benton) 542 votes, and for Johnson (Benton Democrat) 90; in 1856 the vote stood, for John S. Phelps 324, for Emerson 364, and for Larrimore 1; in 1858, for Phelps 245, for Richardson 541; 1860, Phelps 606, Rains 134; in 1862 Gasconade County was in the Second District, and gave to Henry T. Blow 856 votes, to Allen 95; in 1864 Blow received 988 votes and Stafford 31; the vote for 1866 could not be found; in 1868 it was, for Gustav A. Finkelnburg 1,057, for Lindley 176; in 1870, for Finkelnburg 1,034, for A. Van Wormer 5; in 1872 this county was a part of the Fifth District, and the vote stood, for R. P. Bland (Democrat) 349, for A. J. Seay 900; in 1871, for Bland —, A. J. Seay, vote not found; 1876, for Bland 554, Jolm Q. Thompson 1,167; in 1877 the county became a part of the Eleventh District, with Carroll, Saline, Howard, Boone, Callaway and Osage, the vote of the district as thus constructed being, in 1876, Hayes 8,960, Tilden 17,964; in 1878 the vote was, for Clark 372, and in the entire district for Clark 16,600, scattering 182, majority for Clark 16,418; in 1880, for Clark in the entire district was 17,921, for Heberling 7,370; in 1884, for Dallmeyer the vote in the county was 1,501, for Bland 563, and in the entire district, Dallmeyer 14,288, Bland 16,959; in 1886 the vote in the entire district for Parker was 13,996, and for Bland l(v594, while the vote of the county at the same time for Cravens, for judge of the supreme court, was 1,674, and for Bruce 420.
Population of Gasconade County at different periods has been: In 1850, 4,996; in 1860, total 8,727, of whom 76 were slaves; in 1870, 10,093; in 1876, whites 11,059, colored, 91, total, 11,150; in 1880, 11,153.
Following is the assessment list of 1822, that for 1821 not being found: Clark Township—names 87; slave owners: John Estes, Sr., 1 (over three years old), value $400; Hugh Heatherly, 1, $400; Jane Hull, 12, $2,395; Benjamin Laughlin, 2, $700; John Phillips, 1, $150; James Parsons, 5, $1,350; N. Shobe, 2, $700; S. Shobe, 1, $10; Moses Welton, 12, $3,450; total number of slaves in Clark Township, 37; value, $9,555.
Boone Township—names 70; slave owners: Alexander Baldxidge, 1, $400; Daniel M. Boon, 2, $700; Sylvester Patty, 2, $400; total number of slaves in Boon Township, 5; value $1,500.
In Bourbois Township there were 67 names, and in Skaggs, 31; no slaves in either. James Kegans had a mill in Clark Township valued at $50, and a distillery valued at $200. Necklen and Clark had one mill in the same township valued at $150. These were the mills in the county that were assessed, and the only distillery.
In 1887 the assessed value of property in the county was: acres of land 319,905.26; value $1,379,665; town lots in Hermann 2,111, value $234,022; in Gasconade City 170, value $1,409; total value of real estate $1,615,096. Personal property: Horses—number 2,853, value $104,144; mules—number 2,208, value $94,063; asses and jennets—20, value $895; neat cattle—11,306, value $103,221; sheep—6,604, value $7,288; hogs—11,912, value $15,903; moneys, etc., $546,297; brokers and Hermann Savings Bank, $28,600; corporations, $10,122; all other personal property, $225,897; railroad property, $286,180; total of all property in the county, $3,037,706. Calling railroad property real estate and adding to the above $1,615,096, and then multiplying the sum by 3, as in the case of Franklin County, to obtain the actual value of the real estate, the amount obtained is $5,703,828, and considering the assessed value of personal property two-fifths of its real value, the real value becomes $2,841,075, or an actual value of all property in the county of $8,544,913.
The taxes for 1887 were as follows: Railroad taxes, $3,631.22; county tax, $8,284.76; school tax, $9,810.42; road tax, $2,320.74; State revenue, $5,519.28; State interest, $5,519.28; merchants and manufacturers' county tax, $386.47; stray tax, $69.19; dramshop licenses, county, $5,145.41; State, $562.87; merchants and manufacturers' State license, $600.28; total income of the county treasury, $41,849.92.
The Gasconade County Agricultural Association was incorporated May 22, 1876, by the following persons: Bernhard Petrus, Louis Meyer, B. A. Niehoff, Henry Luebbe, Henry Bensing, Michael Jordan, H. P. Bensing, Charles C. Kropp, J. C. Christel, A. Good, Charles Teubner, John Mueller, Nicholas Bensing, Louis Poeschel, M. Romeiser, Henry Henae, John Scherer, Michael Poeschel, August Begemann, R. H. Hazenritter, S. W. Maushund, A. C. Leismer, Charles Beckmann, F. Vallet, Daniel Haid, Melchior Poeschel, Theodor Poeschel, J. G. Mueller, Charles Beifsteck, John Neidhart, J. M. Yoight, David Wittmann, Christian Eberlin, Sr., Gottlieb Grossmann, C. Shubert, F. G. Teubner, William Klenk, William Klee, August Smith, M. D. ; Henry Heeneck, Ed. Koeller, F. Koeller, Conrad Humburg, Julius Koeller, John Pfautsch, Henry German, Charles Hansen, August Neuenhalm, Dr. John Feldmann, Julius Hundhausen, and a few others. The object this association had in view was to improve agriculture, manufactures, stock raising, etc. The first officers of the association were Michael Poeschel, president; Rudolph Hirzel, secretary; Bernhard Petrus, treasurer; J. G. Christel, collector. There has been a fair held every year since the organization, except 1886 and 1887, and the annual premiums average about $500, of which $100 is given by the county. The association in 1876 bought 6.11 acres of ground, which was improved, and upon which necessary buildings and a secretary's office were erected at an aggregate expense of about $1,500, and on the whole the cause of agriculture has been largely subserved. The present officers are William Herzog, president; William C. Boeing, secretary; Hugo Krogg, treasurer ; Oswald Fluhr, collector, and William Poeschel, commissioner
The Gasconade Bridge Disaster occurred November 1, 1855. In this accident thirty-three persons were killed and a large number wounded. Capt. Klinge and his company of militia were on board the train, having received from the officers of the railroad company an invitation to accompany them to Jefferson City on their first trip over the road. The bridge itself was not completed, and the temporary trestle work constructed underneath to sustain it was found to be inadequate to the support of the train. It is now stated that the engineer made the attempt to cross the bridge under protest, and only opened the throttle of his engine upon being peremptorily ordered so to do. Charles D. Eitzen and August Neuenhalm were in the first car, but experienced one of those "miraculous" escapes which are of such frequent occurrence. Mr. Eitzen was slightly injured about the head, and Mr. Neuenhalm had his arm broken in three places; Joseph Lessel, Jacob Rommel and Charles Boelm had broken legs.
The Centennial Fourth was celebrated in an appropriate manner by the patriotic citizens of Gasconade County. The central committee consisted of F. H. Hilker, F. L. Wensel and Joseph Leising. A Fourth of July military company was organized, of which George W. Tainter and George W. Schuert were the commanders. At a meeting of the central committee held June 21, all citizens of Hermann were requested to illuminate their houses in the evening of July 3, and it was decided to have a torchlight procession at 9 P. M. Afterward there was to be an address at the courthouse by Dr. John Feldmann, and a song by the Harmonie. On the morning of the Fourth the artillery began to fire a salute of thirty-eight shots at intervals of fifteen minutes; the bells chimed from 4 to 5 A. M., and the reveille and national airs were played by the band, and a song was sung by the Harmoine. A grand procession was formed on Market Street at 10 A. M., which proceeded to the fair grounds. Here the Declaration of Independence was read by George H. King, a national hymn was sung by the Harmonie, a German oration was delivered by Frederick Muench, an English oration was delivered by J. Ed. Belch, and a historical sketch of Gasconade County was read by George H. King. In the evening the celebration closed with a grand display of fireworks.
History of Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford and Gasconade Counties Missouri
Published by Goodspeed Publishing Company 1888
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