OFFICERS AND NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS OF
COMPANY D OF THE TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT
W.P. ROBINSON, CAPTAIN
JOHN A FISCHER, FIRST LIEUTENANT
LAFAYETTE CORNWALL, SECOND LIEUTENANT
GEORGE YODER, FIRST SERGEANT
SAMUEL J. MOORE, SECOND SERGEANT
GEORGE W. DERR, CORPORAL
ROBERT L. OXFORD, CORPORAL
PRIVATES OF COMPANY
||GRINSTEAD, JAMES M.|
|BISH0P, JAMES H.
|BRIDGES, ALLEN B.
||HAMMOCK, JAMES L. |
||HOBBS, WILLIAM H.|
|FANCHER, SAMUEL B.
||HUNSICKER, JOSEPH L.|
|FRANKLIN, JOHN M.
|HOGAN, JOHN J.
||OFFICER, WILLIAM B.|
||RICHARDSON, WILLIAM B.|
|KOPP, JOHN M.
|TESSLEY, HENRY C.
||VOGAN, JOSEPH B.|
|TILLEY, MILTON N.
||PATTINGER, JOHN N.|
|MATHES, JAMES H.
|OSBORNE, RICHARD O.W.
||BAGLEY, GEORGE D.|
||FLOOD, GEORGE W.|
||STONER, NIMORD T.|
|SMITH, NEWTON J.
|BAKER, WILLIAM B.
||PRATHER, GEORGE W.|
||BROWN, JAMES C.|
||BURNS, JAMES M.|
|HOLLOWAY, HENRY J.
||CURTIS, JAMES H.|
|MEGLENNE, JOSEPH E.
||BEAN, GEORGE B.|
of the above men were from neighboring counties, but the large
majority were residents of Harrison.
William P. Robinson was
promoted Colonel of the regiment June 7, 1862, and was succeeded as
captain by John W. Moore, of Eagleville, who served as such until
the expiration of the term of service, September, 1864. Lieut.
Fischer resigned his commission January 12, 1863, after which time
Henry Sweeten filled the position. Lafayette Cornwall resigned
the Second Lieutenancy, and was succeeded by James A. Brewer.
The latter resigned January 1863, from which time until may, 1864,
the office was held by Joseph H. Ristine. Ristine was promoted
First Lieutenant of Company K in May, 1864, and was succeeded by
Meredith Riggin, who held the position until the expiration of the
term of service.
COMPANY E, AS ORGANIZED FOR THE
SERVICE WAS OFFICERED AS FOLLOWS
ARCHIBALD MONTGOMERY, CAPTAIN
GEORGE W. BROWN
JOHN A. MARTIN
JOHN S. JACKSON
JAMES K. HEATH
JOHN F. GORDON
ANDREW P. RUPE
GEORGE W. CRUME
PRIVATES COMPANY E
|ALLEN, JAMES H. (K.?)
||NARSH, JOHN G.|
|BEHEE, ADAW W.
||NARSH, JAMES N.B.|
||RUPE, JOHN T.|
|CAIN, GEORGE L.
|CHAPMAN, GEORGE W.
|CLOUSSON, JOHN S.
|DANIEL, ANDREW J.
||STRAIT, MARTIN V.|
|DANIEL, CHARLES F.
|DANIEL, JOHN G.
|EARL, GEORGE W.
|GOUCHER, HENRY L.
||TILLY, REUBEN D.|
|GRAY, CHARLES F.
|GARDNER, JOHN H.
|HARPER, JOHN J.
||VINSON, WESLEY V.|
||WILLIAMS, JAMES M.|
|HOOPER, JAMES B.
||WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM H.|
||WATKINS, WILLIAM J.|
||WALLACE, JOHN M.|
|MILLER, JACOB E.
resigned his commission October, 1862 and was succeeded by William
R. Simms, who held the position until mustered out of the service in
1864. S.A. Thomas was promoted first lieutenant December,
1862, resigned July 30, 1863, and was succeeded by John A. Martin,
who served until the expiration of the term. Second Lieut.
George W. Brown resigned his commission July 8, 1863. John A.
Harper was then promoted to the office, and held the same until
A large portion of Company G
was raised in Harrison County; also portions of Companies H
and I. The officers of Company G were originally Wat. E.
Crandall, Captain James S. Todd, First Lieutenant, and W.
McCullough, Second Lieutenant. Officers of Company H
were: Francis Lisko, Captain and Thomas B. Mikels and Ebenezer
West, First and Second Lieutenants
PARKER, FIRST LIEUTENANT, T.H. HOLLINGSWORTH; SECOND
LIEUTENANT, JEREMIAH NASH.
Twenty-third was made up from the counties of Harrison, Grundy,
Livingston, Linn, Putnam, Mercer, Daviess and Carroll. The
regiment entered into active service in 1861, but participated in no
engagements until the following year. The principal duty in
the meantime being preserving the peace and protecting the lives and
property of union men in the country where the command was
stationed. On the 1st April, 1862, the regiment was ordered to
Pittsburg Landing Tenn., at which place it arrived on the 4th
inst. Upon reporting to Major General U.S. Grant, then
commanding the army of the Tennessee, Col. Tindall was ordered to
report with his regiment to brig. Gen. B.M. Prentiss, commanding the
sixth division. It was on the 6th of the above month that the
twenty-third received its first baptism of fire in the terrific
struggle of Shiloh, which has gone into history as one of the most
sanguinary battles of the rebellion. The men bore themselves
like the heroes they were in the trying ordeal, and earned a
reputation for gallantry second to no other regiment which took part
in the battle.
The following communication from Lieut.-Col.
Quin Morton is a brief but graphic account of the conduct of the
twenty-third in its first engagement:
THE BATTLE OF PITTSBURG
"I deem it my duty to
make a report of the action of the twenty-third Missouri volunteers
at Pittsburg Landing, on April 6, 1862. At 7 o'clock a.m., by
order of Col. Tindall, I marched the regiment in the direction of
Gen. Prentiss' camp. After marching about two miles an officer of
Gen. Prentiss staff ordered us to halt, and prepare for action,
which was promptly done. As soon as the regiment was placed in
position the enemy opened fire on us from a battery, at about 400
yards' distance, which was continued without intermission for two
"We were then ordered to change our position, and to
engage a large force of the enemy who were pressing us upon the
center, which was done. After a severe engagement at the
distance of twenty-five or thirty yards we drove the enemy back, not
however, without serious loss. We held the position assigned
us until 4 o'clock p.m., fighting almost without intermission, at
which time we were ordered to change our front to meet the enemy who
had outflanked us. Here we fought until 5 o'clock, driving the
enemy back, although they charged us frequently during the
time. Again we were compelled to change our position, and soon
after the charge we were surrounded and fired upon, from front and
rear, by two batteries and infantry. Here there was a most
terrible shower of shot and shell. We repulsed the enemy in
our rear, and determined to try and reach the main body of the
army which had fallen back to the river; and in the effort to
lead our now broken forces back the gallant and much lamented Col.
Tindall fell shot through the body, after having done his duty most
nobly during the day.
"After retiring about 200 yards we met
a large force of the enemy, and were compelled to surrender at about
6 o'clock p.m. after ten hours' almost incessant
fighting. Officers and men behaved nobly. ****Capts. Dunlap,
Robinson and Brown, Adjt. Martin, and Lieuts Munn and Simms were
wounded, and 375 taken prisoners."
Montgomery, of company E (Harrison county men), wrote from camp at
Pittsburg Landing, April 10, as follows:"****our expected battle is
over. It came off Sunday and Monday last, and a hard fought
battle it was. It lasted two days and two nights, but we
whipped them.***our regiment was led out on Sunday morning in front
of the hottest part of the field. We fought till evening, when
the Secesh overpowered our regiment and some others, and took them
prisoners. They, however, took only a part of our
There were some out of every company who
made their escape. I escaped with about forty of my company,
forty of my men being taken prisoners. I found only two of my
men killed--Riley Roberts and James K. Allen. The wounded are
William Watkins, Bakley; Harrison Hanly, very badly; William Heath,
slightly; J.P. Rupe and William Lowe, in the thighs. The names
of some of my men captured are Lieut. Simms, Lieut. Brown, John
Martin, T. Brown, William Burris, F. Cummins, W. Chapman, W. Daniel,
J. Daniel, J.G. Daniel, T. Daniel, R. Gray, C. Howry, J. Harper, W.
Lear, M. Millspaw, J. Miller, T. Murphy, J. Noah, J. Parkerson, F.M.
Rice, W. Vincent, J. Vanmeter and R. Watson.****
been a bloody battle.***our regiment lost twenty-six killed and
sixty wounded, that we know of. Our colonel killed and our
major taken prisoner.***I have command of the regiment. You
see we are in a bad fix, and i can't tell what we will do or where
we will go. The army is still burying the dead; the bodies lay
over a space of over four miles square. We went out today and
buried our dead; seventeen in one pit."
From the above it
will appear that the Harrison county boys, in this their first
battle, conducted themselves with great gallantry, and bore their
part in the bloody ordeal with the fortitude of experienced
In June 1862 the regiment was ordered to Benton
barracks, and continued on duty there and in the city of St. Louis
for some time, when they were ordered southward to reinforce the
army of the Cumberland. On recovering from his wound W.P.
Robinson rejoined the regiment and was promoted colonel of the same
on the 7th of June, 1862. From that time until the expiration
of the term he continued in command, and did gallant service in the
campaigns of the Fourteenth Army Corps., participating in a number
of engagements, among which were the battles of Peach Tree Creek,
Jonesboro and other engagements near Atlanta. As already
stated, the Twenty-third regiment was mustered out of the service on
the 22nd of September,