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Madison County, Missouri


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    Madison County is in the southeastern part of the state in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains. It is bound on the north by St. Francois County; northeast by Perry County; east by Bollinger County; south Wayne County; and west by Iron County.


    The first persons to explore Madison County were Renault and La Motte and their companies about 1721-23.  They discovered minerals, principally lead, but finding no silver ore did not establish a settlement.


    One of the first recorded settlement was in 1799.  In 1806 the first brick house in the county was built two miles west of St. Michaels.


    Madison County was organized  December 14, 1818 and was named for President Madison. The county was formed from Cape Girardeau and Ste. Genevieve.  The first county seat was St. Michaels, but later moved to Fredericktown, 1819.


    During the Civil War the county furnished soldiers to both Federal and Confederate sides.  The people of Madison County found themselves victims of guerrilla fighting and military activity throughout the war.


    The battle of Fredericktown was fought just south of the city along Greenville Road on, October 21, 1861


    A reenactment of the Battle of Fredericktown is now held every other year during the month of September.


    Mining has been a key industry in this area with Madison County recorded as having the oldest lead mine west of the Mississippi River.


    Lead mined at the Mine La Motte has been used for the manufacture of bullets for every military action of the United States from the American Revolution to the Korean Conflict.


    The public school system was not started in the county until 1880.


    The first newspaper was the "Espial", published in 1847, and is said to be the first Free Soil paper in the state.





Items of Interest


Madison County  

 News Articles  

Facts and Trivia

Fredericktown Legacy  

News Tidbits  

Mineral Resources  

Fredericktown Local News   

Population Data   


    All About Fredericktown   

 Early Newspapers


Cities and Townships   

Death Certificates  


Judge James D. Fox   


County Families   



Family Queries  


 Mortality Index

Vital Data

Madison County Courts  

County Marriages    

Slave Narratives   

Madison County Wills

Census Data  

 County Politics   

County Articles    

Villages and Post Offices  

Creeks and Rivers  


Local Mountains  


Old Land Marks   




Update Archives  

Headstone Transcriptions   




2015 Updates



Adjacent Counties

St. Francois






Cities and Towns

Castor Station



Junction City



Mine La Motte

Oak Grove




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All material posted to this site, unless otherwise credited, has been transcribed

and contributed by:  Frances Cooley


Last updated:   February 23, 2015





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