Missouri State Genealogy Trails
Source: Missouri National Guard on the Mexican Border, by Newton D Baker and Harvey C Clark; Jefferson City; 1919; 590pgs. The service of the Missouri National Guard on the Mexican border, under the President's order of June 18, 1916: with a roster of its officers and men and a brief history of the organizations participating.
Transcribed by Donna Walton and Candi Horton - 2008

 

Missouri National Guard on the Mexican Border

The service of the National Guard of Missouri on the Mexican border under the president's order of June 18, 1916
Order of the president calling the National Guard into federal service
Headquarters National Guard Missouri
History of the Missouri National Guard
Unit Histories
National Guard of Missouri 1916 - Rosters
 

 


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HEADQUARTERS NATIONAL GUARD MISSOURI
Nevada, June 18, 1916. General Orders No. 18.
1. In accordance with the orders of the Governor issued in pursuance of telegraphic orders from the Secretary of War calling out the Organized
Militia and the National Guard, the entire National Guard will assemble at home stations immediately, equipped for field service, preparatory to
mobilization at the State Rifle Range near Nevada, Missouri, for the purposes mentioned in the President's order.

2. All organizations will be recruited to the strength prescribed in Section 2, Tables of Organization, United States Army.
When an organization has the required minimum peace strength prescribed for the Organized Militia in the Tables of Organization present, such unit will proceed to Nevada, the recruits above such minimum to follow as fast as enlisted. When a unit has assembled with the prescribed minimum, the commanding officer will notify these headquarters so that the necessary transportation can be provided.

3. When a complete battalion of infantry is stationed at one point an officer of the same will remain at the home station for duty as recruiting officer,
rejoining his command as soon as his duties have been completed. In the case of single companies, batteries or troops, the commanding officer of the
same will detail an experienced enlisted man to remain at' its home station for the purpose of recruiting the organization to war strength. Such enlisted
man will rejoin his command when his duties have been performed.

4. Commanding officers will be authorized to subsist enlisted men at the home rendezvous from the time they report at the armory until the
organization entrains for Nevada at an expense of not to exceed seventy-five cents per day for each enlisted man actually present for duty as shown by
the morning report. They are also authorized to provide the necessary fuel, bedding, .forage and shoes for the authorized horses pertaining to their respective organizations. The expense for such purposes will not exceed the allowance authorized by Army Regulations (A. R. 1913, paragraph 1044-77).

5. All officers and enlisted men will be examined "by an officer of the Medical Corps prior to leaving home stations with a view to determining the
presence of any infectious or contagious disease.

6. The accountable officers in each organization are designated as the representatives of the Governor to act with the designated mustering officers
of the United States to inventory and inspect all property belonging to the United States and the State and taken by the National Guard into the federal service. Preparatory to making this transfer every officer accountable for public property will immediately take, or cause to be taken, an inventory
by actual count upon a form (7) furnished for that purpose of all the property now in his possession, or with which he is charged. This inventory by
actual count shall cover all the property issued by the State to, or purchased with the military funds of, or allowances for an organization, whether on
hand in the storeroom or lockers, or in the possession of troops, so as to show all property now in possession of the organization. All property not to be taken into the service of the United States will be promptly invoiced to and receipted for by the officers hereinafter designated (8) for the purpose. All property to be taken into the service of the United States will, as soon as a regiment or other separate organization has been mustered into the service of the United States, be invoiced by the proper officer of the regiment or separate organization as follows:
(a) Clothing, camp and garrison equipage, subsistence and quarter
master supplies to the quartermaster.
(b) Property pertaining to the Medical Department to the senior Medical officer.
(e) Property pertaining to the Corps of Engineers, Ordnance Department, and the Signal Corps to an accountable officer detailed by the regimental or other commander of a separate organization from his staff.
Property pertaining to each department will be invoiced separately.
Receipts will be obtained in triplicate, one copj7" to be retained by the accountable officer, and two copies to be forwarded direct to the Adjutant General of the State. When the property is transferred in accordance with the foregoing authority, the accountable officers upon invoicing the same and obtaining the prescribed receipts therefore, are relieved of further accountability for the property so transferred.

7. Regimental and other commanders of separate organizations will be prepared to furnish the Quartermaster upon arrival at Nevada with a requisition for the clothing, equipment and supplies necessary to equip their organizations to the prescribed strength.

8. Before departure, organization commanders will arrange for the earning of armories during their absence and for the safeguarding of all State
property stored therein.

9. All officers of staff corps and departments will report to the Commanding General at Nevada immediately for duty.

10. Three separate companies of infantry will be organized at Kansas City for the purpose of completing the reorganization of the Third Infantry.
When such companies are recruited to the prescribed minimum strength they will report at Nevada for the purpose of inspection with a view to Federal
recognition. Major E. W. Slusher, Medical Corps, is charged with the execution of this paragraph.
By Command of Brigadier General Clark:
CLAUDE C. EARP, Captain: Quartermaster Corps Adjutant.

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ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT CALLING THE NATIONAL GUARD INTO FEDERAL SERVICE

Washington, D.C., June 18, 1916
Hon. Elliott W. Major,
Governor of Missouri, Jefferson City, Mo.:

Having in view the possibility of further aggression upon the United States from Mexico and the necessity for the proper protection of that frontier, the President has thought proper to exercise the authority vested in him by the Constitution and laws and call out the organized militia and the National Guard necessary for that purpose, I am, in consequence, instructed by the President to call to the service of the United States forthwith, through you the following units of organized militia and the National Guard of the State of Missouri, which the President directs shall be assembled at the state mobilization point at Nevada (or at the places to be designated to you by the Commanding General, Central Department) for muster into the service of the United States, one brigade of four regiments of infantry, one troop of cavalry, one battalion of field artillery, one signal corps company, one field hospital, one ambulance company. Organizations to be accepted into the federal service should have a minimum peace strength now prescribed for organized militia, the maximum at which organizations will be accepted, and to which they should be raised as soon as possible, is prescribed in section two, tables of organization United States Army. In case any regiment, battalion or squadron, now recognized as such, contains an insufficient number of organizations to enable it to conform at muster to regular army organization tables, the organization and therein inspected under the orders of the department to determine their fitness for recognition as organized militia by the War Department, circular nineteen, division of militia affairs, nineteen fourteen, prescribed the organizations desired from each state as part of the local tactical division, and only these organization will be accepted into service. It is requested that all officers of the adjutant general's department, quartermaster corps and medical corps, duly recognized as pertaining to state headquarters, under table one, table of organizations, organized militia and not elsewhere required for duty in State administration be ordered to camp for duty as camp staff officers. Such number of these staff officers as the department commander may determine may be mustered into the service of the United States for the purpose of proper camp administration, and will be mustered out when their services are no longer required. Where recognized brigades or divisions are called into service from a state, the staff officers pertaining to these units under tables of organization, United States Army, will be mustered into the United States Service, and also the authorized inspectors of small arms practice pertaining thereto, except for those two purposes of mobilization camp services and of the prescribed staff service with tactical units, officers of state headquarters under table one, above mentioned, will not be mustered into service at this time. If tactical divisions are later organized, the requisite additional number of staff officers with rank as prescribed for division staff will, as far as practicable be called into service from these states which have furnished troops to such divisions, acknowledge.
NEWTON D. BAKER, Secretary of war

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HISTORICAL -
brief history of the organizations of the National Guard of Missouri serving on the Mexican Border under the President's order of June 18, 1916.

THE NATIONAL GUARD OF MISSOURI
Prior to its admission to the Union, Missouri had some more or less regularly organized territorial militia troops and its first constitution made provision for such state force. These organizations served in the Black Hawk war and in the Mexican war. Militia units served under Brigadier-General Alexander W. Doniphan, the first militia general officer, in the Doniphan Expedition to Mexico. Militia troops under Brigadier-General D. M. Frost were sent from St. Louis to Papinsville in Bates County near the western border of the state for duty in connection with the border troubles in 1860. At the outbreak of the Civil War the state militia consisted largely of St. Louis units with a few scattered organizations over the state. The First Regiment from St. Louis was mobilized at Camp Jackson by the Governor in an effort to preserve the neutrality of the state, and there captured by federal troops on May 10, 1861. Following this all militia or purely state troops were disbanded.
Following the Civil War a number of infantry companies, a battery of artillery, some cavalry troops and an engineer company were organized and as early as 1868 we find a complete regiment in existence. Gradually and by common consent the militia organizations took the name of National Guard, a name not used in the sense we now understand it prior to the Civil war. In 1879 the state was divided into two military districts known as the Eastern Military District with headquarters at St. Louis, and the Northern Military District with headquarters at Macon. Brigadier-General Charles W. Squires was commissioned on April 14, 1879, to command the Eastern District, and Brigadier-General William M. Van Cleave was commissioned on January 7, 1881, to command the Northern District.
The district organization was abandoned shortly after it was created and no unit larger than a regiment was organized thereafter until April 10, 1891, when the four infantry regiments, two batteries of artillery and the troop of cavalry were constituted the First Brigade under the command of Brigadier-General Milton Moore, commissioned as of that date. But the brigade organization was only a formal one, its headquarters having no real power or responsibility, the administration of the National Guard being in the adjutant-general's office. The brigade was not recognized or permitted to volunteer as such in the war with Spain, the four regiments and the battery constituting it entering federal service as volunteer organizations. General Moore accepted a commission as colonel of the Fifth Missouri Volunteers and upon the muster out of his regiment tendered his resignation.
At the outbreak of the war with Spain the President did not call the National Guard as such, but asked for volunteers. In this state Governor Stephens realizing that the National Guard furnished the best material for the composition of the volunteer army, and that the long, faithful and efficient service of its officers and men entitled them to recognition when the opportunity for active service offered, turned a deaf ear to the importunities of politicians and of others who were unfriendly to the Guard, and announced the policy of making up Missouri's quota in the volunteer army of the United States from the National Guard, and of recognizing each unit exactly as it existed in the makeup of the Missouri contingent. As a result of this policy each Missouri unit volunteered and its officers and men were accepted in federal service with the same status they had in the state service, so that while the organization was not called as such by the President, it was offered in its entirety as such by the Governor, and each unit of the National Guard, became the identical unit in the volunteer service. Indeed, not only this, but the name of the unit was preserved by simply adding the word "Volunteers" to the state designation. For example, the First Missouri Infantry, National Guard, became the First Missouri Infantry. U. S. Volunteers, etc. The state had only four infantry regiments at that time and it was entitled to six. The two additional regiments, the 5th and 6th, were first organized as National Guard and they were organized by National Guardsmen. General Milton Moore, who had commanded the brigade, was not recognized as a brigadier-general by the secretary of war, but the Governor gave him the opportunity of organizing the 5th Missouri Volunteers and commissioned him as its colonel. The 6th Missouri Volunteers was organized by Major Harvey C. Clark who had served for ten years as a line officer in the 2nd Regiment. He was then made its lieutenant-colonel, the officer of the army on duty with the National Guard, 1st Lieut. Letcher Hardeman, 10th Cavalry, being, upon the recommendation of Colonel Clark, who was at that time a very young officer, made its colonel.
The record made by the National Guard organizations in this war was a highly creditable one. They entered the service without adequate equipment and the state made no provision for supplying it. But when, after the lapse of many weeks they were finally equipped by the federal government, they became among the very best troops in the divisions in which they served. No better evidence of the spirit, discipline and devotion to their state of the Missouri Guardsmen need be cited than the fact that notwithstanding they were without clothing or equipment of any kind furnished by their state and that they served by the side of other state troops furnished with everything money could buy, they made no complaint and did their very utmost to uphold the credit and traditions of their state.

"Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs but to do and die."

This was their spirit in the volunteer service; it has been their spirit since the first National Guard unit was organized, and it will be their spirit always.
Three of the regiments served at Chickamauga, one at Camp Alger one at Camp Mead, Pa., and the 6th Missouri Volunteers at Camp Cuba Libre in Florida and later as part of the army of occupation in Cuba. Battery A served first at Chickamauga and later went to Porto Rico as part of the expedition sent against the Spanish forces in that island. All of the organizations were of course anxious to serve in Cuba and doubtless all of them would have been attached to the expedition sent to Santiago had they been properly equipped at the time of induction into federal service.

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Histories
FIRST BRIGADE
FIRST MISSOURI INFANTRY
SECOND MISSOURI INFANTRY
THIRD MISSOURI INFANTRY
FOURTH MISSOURI INFANTRY
FIRST BATTALION, FIELD ARTILLERY
-BATTERY A (St. Louis)
-BATTERY B (KANSAS CITY)
-BATTERY C (INDEPENDENCE)
COMPANY A, SIGNAL CORPS
TROOP B, MISSOURI CAVALRY
FIELD HOSPITAL NO. 1
AMBULANCE COMPANY NO. 1

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Mexican Border Service.
National Guard of Missouri 1916
Rosters
This is Incomplete.
This is the list of Rosters we have.

 

BRIGADE HQ

COMPANY A, FIRST INFANTRY

COMPANY B, FIRST INFANTRY

COMPANY C, FIRST INFANTRY

COMPANY D, FIRST INFANTRY

COMPANY E, FIRST INFANTRY

COMPANY M, FIRST INFANTRY - Partial Listing

SUPPLY COMPANY, FIRST INFANTRY

HOSPITAL CORPS DETACHMENT, FIRST INFANTRY

MACHINE GUN COMPANY FIRST INFANTRY

 

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Missouri Genealogy Trails
Genealogy Trails History Group is a Volunteer Organization Dedicated to providing FREE access to Historical and Genealogical Data.
2006 - 2008 by Genealogy Trails -  All Rights Reserved - With full rights reserved for original submitters.