Monroe County, Missouri Genalogy & History



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Hello and welcome to the Genealogy Trails website for Monroe County, Missouri. As we believe all data should be without cost, our goal at Genealogy Trails is to help you track your ancestors through time by transcribing genealogical and historical data and placing it online for the free use of all researchers.

This is a continuation of our original, and highly successful, Genealogy Trails Illinois History and Genealogy Project and we are excited about this opportunity to expand into other states. We welcome your feedback and comments, and of course, your data contributions.

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County Information
Established: Jan. 6, 1831
Parent County: Ralls
County Seat: Paris
Named After: U.S. President James Monroe.



It was Motley who demonstrated that all real history is of necessity a "story," and it can be said without any resultant charge of provincialism that the history of Monroe county is peculiarly so. The history of the establishment of Anglo-Saxon-Celtic civilization in the valley west of the great river teems with romance, but in no instance is the romance in question more real, more virile or more alluring than in connection with the settlement and development of Monroe county.
Monroe county was settled by the Virginia-Kentucky-Tennessee strain, which had a genius for war, politics and story-making, and no county in the state has so preserved its racial solidarity or more effectually kept to its traditions. Most of its people came from half a dozen counties in Kentucky—Clark, Boyle, Madison, Jassamine, Woodford and Mercer—and their descendants for the large part occupy today the fat prairies and the fine woodland farms their grandsires subjugated, repelling unconsciously alien intermixture, and emigrating, as in the case of Texas and Oklahoma, only to return. They have, of course, been modernized, all the towns and the country as well being abreast of twentieth century civilization, but the Brahmin instinct persists despite.
A Kentucky or Virginia pedigree is still the highest social guarantee—the best that earth affords, though others are not despised. It is one of the typical Bourbon counties imbued with an essentially modern spirit.
Source: A History of Northeast Missouri; Walter Williams, 1913   [Transcribed by: Candi H. -2008]


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Cities and Towns
Monroe City
Santa Fe

Surrounding Counties
Shelby County (north)
Marion County (northeast)
Ralls County (east)
Audrain County (south)
Randolph County (west)




County Updates
Sept 2014
Townships and Accidents
Military Data

June 2013
Wylie Obit

May 2013
1883 Pensioners

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