Osage County, Missouri
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Established: Jan. 29, 1841
Parent County: Gasconade
County Seat: Linn
Named After: Osage River
Situated near the center of the State, is
bounded on the north by Missouri River, on the west by the Osage,
and four townships in its southeast corner are traversed by
the Gasconade. The first settlements made here by persons from the
Eastern States and by Germans. The general character of the country
is uneven, and some portions broken and sterile. The valleys and
much of the table-land is fertile, and what are known as the “breaks
of the Osage,” have been discovered to be rich in lead ore, and it
is believed iron ore will be found abundant in some parts of the
county. Pieces of iron ore have been picked up on the surface of
several hills, and surface lead ore, yielding 80 percent of pure
lead has been found in a number of places near the Gasconade river.
Excellent limestone abundant. The county is well timbered with oak,
hickory, black walnut, etc., and saw mills would do well on the
Gasconade, Osage or Maries; the lumber or furniture could easily be
transported down these streams to the Pacific railroad or the
Missouri river. Several Germans are turning their attention to
grape culture, and are confident that the cheap “flint hills” will
produce more, with less labor, than more fertile soil cultivated for
other purposes. Osage is not a first-rate agricultural county, yet
the average yield per acre of the farms under cultivation is
reported to us to be as follows: corn 75 bushels; wheat 30, rye 40,
barley 50, oats 50, buckwheat 50, tobacco 1500lbs. The root crops
and fruit product is probably a little less than an average with
counties in the same latitude. Wanted in this county-a wild-awake
newspaper, a few go-ahead farmers, manufacturers, saw mills,
furniture factories, mechanics, and capitalists. But nearly every
county in the State present good openings for all these classes.
(The Source is: P.M. Pinckard, The Missouri
handbook, St. Louis, 1865, 162 pgs. Transcribed by Donna Walton)
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Joanne Scobee Morgan
Callaway County (north)
Gasconade County (east)
Maries County (south)
Miller County (southwest)
Cole County (west)
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