to the Genealogy Trails website for Randolph County,
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County was organized January 22, 1829 with four original townships of Sugar Creek, Silver Creek, Prairie and Salt Spring. The county was named after John Randolph, statesman from Virginia. Later townships of Moniteau, Jackson, Chariton, Cairo, Clifton and Union were organized, Prairie being the largest.
The County Seat is Huntsville.
Moberly, called "Magic City" since it seemed to spring up out of the prairie overnight, is the largest city in Randolph county with a population of 11,945 in 2000. The county has rich farm land, coal deposits and is diverse in farming operations and livestock. Randolph County, in particular Moberly grew quickly from 1866 to 1873 due to the Wabash, Chariton and Randolph railroad connecting with the North Missouri Railroad Company at Moberly.
Randolph County was part of Howard County from 1816 until 1820. Chariton County was formed and Randolph became part of that county until it became an independent county in 1829.