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Deer Lodge County, Montana



By Captain James Mills, Former Editor of "New Northwest."

1877, Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Charles F. Mussigbrod were awarded the contract for the care, maintenance and medication of the Insane of the Territory, then few in number. They established the asylum for the same at Warm Springs, in small buildings  (Deer Lodge County, Montana.)

Before He came to Montana:

Dr. Mitchell, after selling his interest in the cattle business, went to Fraser river, British Columbia, the source of the gold excitement of the time; but, finding the prospects there unsatisfactory, he returned to California and finally located at Aurora, Nevada, where he took up the practice of medicine and soon drifted again into mining speculation, in which he was very successful. He was one of the original discoverers of a rich mine at Esmeralda, where he operated until 1803, amassing a considerable fortune, when he went to Austin, same State, and thence to Idaho City, Idaho. Not finding matters satisfactory there,, he went to Oregon and on to the Kootenai district in British Columbia, which at that time was a flourishing camp. He soon obtained a mining claim on a creek not far from Galbraith's ferry, some miles north of what is now Bonner's ferry. The placers there were phenomenally rich, and Dr. Mitchell took out of his claim some $20,000 of gold dust in three months. With this stake he returned to San Francisco to spend the winter.

In May, 1865, he returned to the diggings. While on a prospecting trip, he fell in with a Jesuit priest and some Indians, who reported some very rich placers in the Blackfoot country. He therefore accompanied them across the mountains, arriving at McClellan's Gulch, in Deer Lodge County, Sept. 9th, 1865; but he proceeded on to Helena where he engaged in the practice of medicine. In 1866 lie located at the town of Blackfoot permanently

Win. D. Mitchell, subsequently removed to La Grange, Oldham County, Ky., where he was elected Clerk of the County, and held that office for a number of years. He later became an eminent jurist and was esteemed one of the most learned men in Kentucky. It was while his father was living at La Grange that Armistead H. received his primary education.

This much of Dr. Mitchell's ancestry is obtained from his relatives still living in Kentucky. Other, and later, events in his life, until his arrival in Montana, are derived from a sketch in Miller's History of Montana, the data for which were obtained personally from Dr. Mitchell by Mr. Lucien Eaves for that work.

In 1868 he was elected on the Democratic ticket to the Territorial Council as joint-Councilman for the district com posed of Deer Lodge and Missoula Counties, and was re-elected to the Legislature in 1869-70-71-72-76-77-78-79-80-81-82-83. He was elected and served as President of the Council in 1871-7577. In 1872 he was elected and served as a member of the House from Deer Lodge County. He was an active, efficient legislator and a prompt, able and impartial presiding officer.

In 1869 he was appointed by the President of the United States to construct the original building of the Territorial Penitentiary at Deer Lodge, to which place he removed the same year, and was in charge of the work until its completion in 1871. He was then appointed physician and surgeon of the same institution, performing the duties in connection with those of general practitioner located at Deer Lodge. He resigned the position at the prison in 1882, but remained a resident of Deer Lodge, until almost the end of his life.

In 1877, Dr. Mitchell and Dr. Charles F. Mussigbrod were awarded the contract for the care, maintenance and medication of the Insane of the Territory, then few in number. They established the asylum for the same at Warm Springs, in small buildings; but the location was an ideal one and it has never been changed. The contractors almost immediately began the construction of larger and better buildings. They have retained the contract ever since and the numerous splendid buildings of the present commodious asylum at Warm Springs, with its hundreds of well housed and well cared for patients, are the natural evolution under progressive and energetic contractors, from the primitive buildings in which it was started.

During the Nez Perce war, Dr. Mitchell was appointed Surgeon General of the Territory by Governor B. F. Potts, and General Gibbon attested his confidence in him by appointing him surgeon in charge of the wounded after the Battle of Big Hole, the regimental surgeon having become detached from the command.

Dr. Mitchell was one of the three Commissioners of Montana at the Columbian World's Exposition at Chicago in 1893, and held numerous positions of eminence in organizations looking out for the interests of the Territory and State. He always took an active interest in politics, and was frequently selected chairman of committees, organizations or conventions in which he participated. In 1885 he was chairman of the Democratic Territorial Central Committee; in 1888 he was elected by the Convention as a member of the Democratic National Committee, and while serving in that capacity was appointed a member of the committee to notify Mr. Cleveland of his nomination. In 1892 he affiliated with the People's Party; was nominated by that party in Deer Lodge County for State Senator; was County Chairman in 1894-6; was delegate to the State Conventions in 1894-6-8, and was elected Alternate to the National Convention at St. Louis in 1896.

During all this time, and during the remainder of his life, while actively engaged in a large medical practice and as contractor of the asylum, he had always been largely and intensely interested in mining enterprises. Probably no man of his means in Montana put more of his money into undeveloped mining properties and their legitimate development than did he. As is invariably the case, some of these properties failed to recompense those who developed them; but others have proven, or are proving, valuable, and his investments were for the development and upbuilding of Montana. He was an eminently active and useful citizen.

Dr. Mitchell and Mary Ellen Irvine, daughter of Thomas H. Irvine, Esq. of Richmond, Kentucky, were united in marriage at Deer Lodge, Montana, November 23d, 1871. There were born to them: John Paul, Sept. 3d, 1872; Mary Adele and Armistead Hugh, (twins) October 21st, 1874; William Daunton, Dec. 5th, 1878, and Harold Gouverneur, May 18th, 1884. All survive except Armistead Hugh who died of typhoid fever, at the age of nineteen, while attending the University in Chicago, Illinois.

On Oct. 3, 1882, in presence of the Grand Lodge of Masons of Montana, then in session at Deer Lodge, the degrees of E. A.; F. C.; and M. M. were conferred on Dr. Mitchell by Deer Lodge No. 14 A. F. and A. M. under a special dispensation of the Grand Lodge. He continued a member in good standing therein during his life, and when death came was buried by the Lodge with Masonic honors.

Dr. Mitchell's last illness was long and painful, baffling the skill of the best specialists and the heroic fight he made to withstand its ravages. It began in the summer of 1896, and continued until December 20th, 1898, when he died. It was known to physicians as mastoiditis, affecting the eyes and head. In July, 1897, in the effort to combat it, he went on a journey to Alaska and in November of the same year went to New York and consulted Dr. Bosworth and Professors Gray and Starr. In September, 1898, he went to California for relief, but returned home in October and died at his residence at Warm Springs.

The funeral services were held at the Episcopal Church, Deer Lodge, Rev. E. G. Prout officiating, and his burial took place in the Deer Lodge cemetery under the direction of, and with full Masonic rites by Deer Lodge No. 14, A. F. and A. M. It was the largest ever known in Deer Lodge, many friends, eminent citizens of the State resident elsewhere, joining with those of Deer Lodge in paying the last tribute of affection to one universally esteemed.

Among the salient characteristics of Dr. Mitchell, were his high sense of personal and professional honor and his vigorous, unswerving fidelity in his friendships. The confidences of his patients were guarded as sacredly as are the secrets of the confessional. His friendship knew no barrier of creed, country, political affiliation or wordly possession; and in them he was pronounced, aggressive and steadfast as life itself. His fidelity knew no shadow of turning. He was a sturdy fighter for a cause espoused, but was withal singularly free from vindictiveness.

While a leader in public .affairs and conspicuously active in the industrial development of Montana, the writer cannot refrain from expressing the conviction that Dr. Mitchell's greatest eminence and fame rest upon his many years of service in Montana as a physician and surgeon. Coming a little later than some of the others, he was yet early in the field, where with Drs. E. D. Levitt, Jerome S. Glick, William B. Steele, Ira B. Maupin, B. C. Brooke, E. T. Yeager, Father Ravalli and others, he won the earnest and enduring gratitude of the hardy pioneers for the heroic duties required of the pioneer physicians. For them no journey was too great, no storms too fierce. No hardships, dangers, distances and fatigues were obstacles to be considered when duty called. In the night and the cold, over rugged ranges and across raging streams they went hungering and sleepless if circumstances required, without ever a question of "who is to pay?" And the man without a dollar, in a remote gulch, was as carefully sought out and ministered to as though he had been a millionaire. These old time physicians were the benefactors and heroes of the pioneer people and their memories will ever be enshrined in grateful hearts. Among these Dr. Mitchell was eminent. Masterful of nature; impulsive and imperious at times in the hurly-burly of life, at the side of the suffering he was patient, gentle and sympathetic as a woman, and many a life was saved by his skillful ministrations and tender nursing.

He was a faithful, affectionate husband; an indulgent father; a cultured, energetic, useful citizen; honest in all the relations of life, and a gentleman always.
(Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, Volume 4 By Historical Society of Montana)

By W. W. Dixon.

Montana can well claim the subject of this sketch as one of her most distinguished sons, although the latter part of his life was spent in adjoining States. But for many years he lived in Montana, was thoroughly identified with her people and was one of her delegates in Congress.

William Horace Clagett was born in Prince George's County, Maryland, September 21, 1838. He was the third of three sons and had two sisters younger than himself. All are now dead except the oldest brother, Thomas, who lives near the old homestead in Maryland. The Clagett family is a very old and numerous one and dates back to Lord Baltimore's time. It is said the name was originally spelled with two "g's" but that during the revolutionary war the patriot or rebel branch of the family dropped one "g" to distinguish themselves from the Tory branch.

Thomas W. Clagett, the father of William H., was a lawyer and a planter in Maryland, but in 1850 removed with his family to Keokuk, Iowa. He was a positive, aggressive man, and active in politics and soon became well known throughout Iowa, He engaged in the practice of the law and also in farming. He was District Judge and afterwards editor of the "Constitution" newspaper which is still published in Keokuk. In 1861 his office was partially destroyed and his press thrown into the Mississippi, river by a mob who thought his paper was too pronounced in its pro-southern utterances.

William H. Clagett went to school and studied law in Keokuk. He did not attend college. He was admitted to the bar in Keokuk (his father being then Judge of the District Court) in September, 1858, when he was not quite twenty years old. He afterwards went to the Albany, N. Y. law school for a year. He practiced law in Keokuk and made his first political speeches for Douglas in the campaign of 1860. In the spring of 1861 he was married to Miss Mary E. Hart, a niece of the late Senator Morton of Indiana. On the day of his marriage he, with his brother George, started across the plains for California. His wife joined him about eighteen months later at Carson City, Nevada, having come by sea and across the Isthmus to San Francisco. He had a hard trip across the plains, and finding nothing better to do, went to work cutting and hauling wood near Dayton, Nevada, His brother George died soon after their arrival.

In the fall of 1861 a great excitement broke out over some silver quartz discoveries in Humboldt County, Nevada, Clagett went there with a party of whom Mark Twain (an old acquaintance in Keokuk) was one. Twain describes this trip very humorously in his book "Roughing It." Clagett practiced law and mined in Humboldt until 1864 or 1865.

In 1862 he was elected from Humboldt County to the Nevada Territorial House of Representatives and was re-elected in 1864, just before the admission of the State into the Union.

In the fall of 1864 he stumped Nevada for the republican ticket, advocating the adoption of the proposed Constitution and the admission of the new State and also the election of Wm. M. Stewart as United States Senator. He made' a great reputation as a political speaker in this campaign. The following winter he spent in the legislature at Carson City and was active in legislation and in procuring Mr. Stewart's election to the Senatorship.

For about eighteen months after this he practiced law in Virginia City, but business had then become somewhat quiet there, and in the early part of 1866 he returned to Humboldt.

In March, 1866, he started overland with his family for Montana and arrived in Helena the following May. A few 
 months later here moved to Deer Lodge, and this was his home and that of his family as long as he continued to bo a resident of the State. He practiced law successfully and engaged more or less in mining. In the fall of 1867, with his family, he went down the Missouri river on the steamboat "Imperial." She had a crowd of passengers and was a large boat. It was late in the year and the water was low. She was continually aground, the provisions gave out, the passengers had to hunt game to keep from starving, and the boat was finally abandoned, and after many hardships and much discomfort the passengers found their way on other boats to points lower down the river. The trip was a rough one and some of the boat's officers narrowly escaped lynching. Many old Montanians will remember the journey on the Imperial.

In June, 1871, the republicans nominated Clagett for delegate to Congress. He made a warm campaign and was elected and spent most of the next two years in Washington. He procured the passage of the Act establishing the present National Park at the head waters of the Yellowstone as a reservation; aided in the enactment of the mining law of 1872; introduced the bill establishing the United States assay office at Helena, and was active in other legislation affecting Montana. He also strongly advocated a bill regulating the government of Utah and the suppression of polygamy, which was somewhat in the nature of what was afterwards known as the Edmunds bill. Upon this bill he made a speech in the House which attracted much attention, and increased his reputation as an able public speaker. His idea was that the condition of things in Utah stood in the way of the other Territories securing in Congress the legislation they needed, and he vigorously denounced the Mormon Church and its officials. His position in this matter was never forgotten nor forgiven by the Mormon people of whom there were many in Idaho, nor was his subsequent action in advocating the adoption in the Idaho constitution of some stringent provisions against polygamy. The Mormon influence was arrayed solidy and actively against him in his subsequent campaigns for United States Senator in Idaho and was largely instrumental in his defeat.

In 1873 he was again a candidate for delegate to congress on the Republican ticket and again made a vigorous campaign of the State, but he was defeated. He resumed his law practice in Deer Lodge, and continued it until 1877, engaging more or less in mining enterprises from time to time, but with no great success.

During this time he was special United States counsel in several prosecutions for frauds in the Indian service, and conducted them with great vigor.

This was a period of business depression in Montana. Placer mining was decreasing and quartz mining was just beginning to develop into a great industry. Clagett became restless and impatient, as he generally did when not actively employed, and determined to seek a more active field. He went first to Denver in 1877, but remained there only a few months, going on the stampede which about that time took so many people to the Black Hills in Dakota. He located in Deadwood and for four or five years practiced law very successfully and profitably. He kept pretty much out of politics in Dakota.

In 1882 he left Deadwood and spent part of a year in Butte developing a quartz claim on the Parrot lode, now owned by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company.

After drifting about a while, without making a permanent settlement, he went to Portland, Oregon, and opened a law office, but a few months later the Coeur d'Alene mining stampede started, and he went to that country. There he practiced law for several years and engaged actively but not very successfully in mining. He also became prominent in politics. Idaho was then agitated over the question of annexing that part of the Territory called the "Pan Handle" to either Washington or Montana. Clagett advocated annexation to Montana, and made many speeches in support of his views. The scheme, however, was never carried out, and not long after, the Territory was admitted intact as a State.

In 1889 he was elected a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of Idaho, which was held in Boise the following year, and he became President of the Convention. He was active and prominent in framing the Constitution which was the one under which the State was admitted.

In 1891 he was one of the Republican candidates for United States Senator before the Idaho Legislature. He could probably have been elected to hold until the following March, but he refused to consent to this arrangement as contrary to a previous understanding and unfair to his portion of the State. Dubois was elected for the long term. Clagett's friends in the Legislature claimed that Dubois' election was irregular, and afterwards elected Clagett. He made a contest of Dubois' seat in the Senate at Washington. He was given the privilege of the Senate and allowed to argue his own case. This he did with great force and ingenuity in a speech which quite astonished the reverend Senators, and attracted much attention. Dubois, however, retained his seat.

Not long after this Clagett became an advocate of the doctrines of the Populist party and was again a candidate for United States Senator. Heitfeldt, however, was elected. Clagett was much disappointed in the result of this last contest and felt that he had been shabbily treated by some of his professed friends. IT is health had begun to fail, and in 1899 he went East where he remained for the next year or more. He attempted to start a reform movement in Chicago, but was not able to accomplish much. He delivered several lectures in favor of free silver coinage, under the auspices of the American Bi-Metallic Union, in Illinois, and some adjoining states. He also spent some time in Maryland in an endeavor to recover his health, and during this time wrote a book advocating free silver coinage.

In 1900, during the Presidential campaign, he advocated Bryan's election, and at the request of the Democratic Central Committee made some campaign speeches in Western New York. He was at the Bryan banquet in New York City. Before the close of the campaign he came west again and made a few speeches for Bryan in the State of Washington. While in Chicago, he became well acquainted "with Governor Altgeld, whom he greatly admired. . .

He settled in Spokane in 1900, and opened a law office. With his failing health he had lost some of his accustomed energy and combativeness and a good deal of his ambition.

He left a widow and eight children. His wife, and one daughter, Grace, live in Portland, Oregon. The eldest daughter, Mary, lives in Chicago, where she is practicing medicine. Three daughters, Mabel (Mrs. F. E. Lucas), Ida and Emma, live in Spokane. Of the three sons the eldest, Thomas William, lives not far from Colfax, Washington. George is in the Government custom service, and Horace lives in Denver.

In person, Clagett was of over average height, well built and strong. He had a handsome face and a remarkably fine eye. His habits of life were most exemplary. He had no inclination for any kind of dissipation. He was very careless in his dress and gave little thought to his appearance. His manners were somewhat of the old southern style. He was always courteous and generous to those in need. He was a hard student in whatever interested him, a fairly ready writer, and very interesting in conversation. He had his own opinions and theories on very many subjects, and in these he was very positive. No one could convince him that they were wrong, and he was always ready to maintain them by argument; and yet, he often changed his views, or rather perhaps, his methods of accomplishing his ends. He was a great reformer and wherever he was he cidvocated and fought for changes and measures to make things better. This disposition made him many enemies, but it also gained him many friends. He was a natural born leader of men. His earnestness and sincerity and his ability and activity kept him always in the foreground. He was a good lawyer, and in the court room was at his best in the trial and argument of mining and criminal cases. He had a high standard of professional duty and he lived up to it.

The following, in his own handwriting, was found written on the page of an old office day book he had used:
"Osorne, Nov. 21, 1890.
"On this day I post my books finally, preparatory to going out of practice, I have given credit by deduction for several thousands of dollars because most all of the amount is absolutely worthless, and the remainder is due from men who befriended me in the early days of the Coeur d'Alene, and whose kindness I am glad to thus remember. I hope that I Avill not again be called upon to practice law for a living, but who knows what the future may have in store. It is a matter of just pride to me that beginning the practice of the law at the age of twenty years and retiring now in my fifty-third year, I have always kept my oath of office inviolate, and while guarding the interests of my clients with most jealous care, I have never resorted to any chicanery or deceit to any court or used any other than just and lawful means to win any cases. I have been more than successful in my profession and I leave it perhaps temporarily, perhaps permanently, with a tender regret.

He liked mining, in which, always sanguine and persevering, he was never successful; and politics, in which, except by reason of his ability, he was not at all adapted to succeed. He had no idea of policy, compromise or conciliation. His plan was to fight everything out on principle. He was no political manager or dodger. He was too honest and conscientious,—too aggressive and uncompromising,—to be a successful politician in these days. . He would have made a great preacher or a powerful advocate of some new religious creed. As an orator too much cannot be said in his praise, and it is doubtful if any man of this age was much his superior. His clear, ringing, well-modulated voice; his well-chosen words and graceful gestures; his readiness and ease, and, perhaps.

John C. Freeman has gained distinctive precedence as a citizen and business man at Butte, where he has maintained his home and business headquarters since 1892. He is financial secretary of a number of different fraternal organizations, has money invested in various business projects at Butte and has extensive mining interests in the close vicinity of this city. Mr. Freeman has ever manifested a deep and sincere interest in community affairs and his loyalty and public spirit in all matters affecting progress and improvement are of the most insistent order.
A native of Illinois, John C. Freeman was born at Sidney, Champaign county, on the 24th of March, 1865. He is a son of William Freeman, who was born in Fayette county, Ohio, in November. 1831, and who was summoned to the life eternal at Butte, December 20, 1906. During the strenuous period of the Civil war William Freeman was engaged in railroad work and after the close of hostilities was justice of the peace at Sidney, Illinois, for a number of terms. He came to Montana, settling in Anaconda, in 1890, and for the ensuing eight years was engaged in the general merchandise business in that place. He came to Butte in 1898 and from that time until 1904 was engaged in the retail bakery and grocery business with his son, John C. For two years prior to his demise he lived in virtual retirement. William Freeman married Hannah Clark in 1859 and they became the parents of three children, of whom John C. was the third in line of birth. Mrs. Freeman was born and reared in Ohio and she passed to the life eternal in 1865, at which time John C. of this review was an infant of but a few weeks of age.
John C. Freeman received a good common-school education and at the age of eighteen years he became a school teacher. He was engaged in the pedagogic profession for two years and at the expiration of that time decided to try his fortunes in the west. In the early spring of 1886 he went to Greely county, Kansas, where he pre-empted a tract of one hundred and sixty acres of land. In the following spring he homesteaded another quarter section of land and by May, 1888, had paid for both tracts. On the latter date he came to Montana, locating in Anaconda, where he was identified with an uncle in the dairy business for the ensuing two years, at the expiration of which he entered the employ of the Carroll Lumber Company, remaining with that concern until January, 1892. After resigning his position with the Carroll Lumber Company of Anaconda, Mr. Freeman came to Butte, where for a time he was with the Western Iron Works. Subsequently he became a clerk in Edward Condon's grocery store in south Butte and in 1896 began to work in Gunderson Brothers' general store at Meaderville, Montana. In 1897 Mr. Freeman rented the Johnson Hotel, which he conducted with fair success for one year, at the end of which he purchased a general grocery and bakery store, located at 701 Utah avenue, Butte. He disposed of the latter business in 1902 and then became district deputy for the Modern Woodmen of America. He retained the latter position until January 1, 1905. He was made financial secretary for the Modern Woodmen of America at organization of South Butte Camp in 1899, for the Fraternal Union of America in 1898, the Modern Maccabees in 1903, the Fraternal Brotherhood in 1905, and the Royal Court in 1906. He continued as secretary of different ones of above organizations until 191O and at the present time, in 1912, is financial secretary of the Modern Woodmen of America, the Modern Maccabees and the Fraternal Brotherhood. He has been trustee for the Royal Order of Moose and financial secretary for the Ancient Order United Workmen from 1892 to 1908, of the select Knights and Ladies from 1896 to 1903, of the Order of Pendo from 1896 to 1907 and of Chosen Friends from 1892 to 1896.
Mr. Freeman is financially interested in the Butte Typewriter Exchange and he was the organizer of the Butte Krisp Company, of which he is part owner, in 1911. He is part owner of the Santa Anita mine, located near Radersburg, Montana; holds stock in the Gold Bar Mining Company, of Granite county; and is secretary of the Valley View Mining Company of Madison county. In politics he is an uncompromising Republican and he has been a delegate to a number of important Republican conventions. He has been a notary public for the past nine years.
In January, 1897, Mr. Freeman married Miss Esther Kerr, who was born in Canada in April, 1864, and who was a daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Armstrong) Kerr. Mrs. Freeman was summoned to the life eternal December 31, 1899, and is survived by twins,—Willie C. and Mabel B., whose birth occurred October 9, 1898. The Freeman home is at 415 South Idaho street, Butte.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

 Joseph Lepke.

 German enterprise and influence have entered strongly into every branch of industrial activity and into every avenue of commercialism in our country. In the professions no nationality is more largely represented, and what a potent influence Germans have exerted upon the Americans through the art of music is universally recognized. Joseph Lepke, a prominent business man of Anaconda, Montana, where he is established as a wholesale cigar manufacturer, is by birth and generations of ancestral inheritance a German and by his own success has added to the achievements of his countrymen in the United States. Born in Germany on February 12, 1867, five years of his life were spent in the Fatherland before he accompanied his parents, August and Johanna (Lourenz) Lepke, both natives of Germany, to the United States in 1872. Settling in Wisconsin, the parents there reared a family of twelve children, of whom Joseph is the eldest, and they have continued residents of that state to the present time. The father is a contractor and is still actively engaged in his line of business.
     The grammar school education which Joseph Lepke acquired in the public schools of Wisconsin was later supplemented by a course in a business college at Helena, Montana. He began early to earn money and to realize its value, thus learning to rely on his own resources. Errand boy was his first position and he began to fill it at the age of eight, one of his first employers being ex-Congressman Price of Wisconsin, who on one occasion gave the lad a dollar, his first one, and this he gave to his mother. When about ten years old he entered a cigar factory to learn the trade, continuing his school studies in the meantime, however, and from that time to the present his whole activity has been in connection with the cigar and tobacco business.
     In 1888 Mr. Lepke came to Montana, and spent one year at Helena and two years at Livingston in the cigar business before he came to Anaconda in 1891. For five years, or until 1896, he worked on a salary there; then he established his present business. He manufactures a general line of cigars for wholesale trade and has built up a very profitable business. Mr. Lepke has traveled all over the United States and has also visited parts of British Columbia, but remains loyal to Montana, for he considers it the garden spot of the world and predicts a great future for this commonwealth.
     In February, 1896, Mr. Lepke was married at Anaconda, Montana, to Mary Bloing, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Bloing, of Hurontown, Michigan. Two sons and a daughter have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Lepke. Joseph E. Lepke, the eldest son, is now a student in the Anaconda high school, and Leora T. and George M. are pupils in the grades.
     In religious faith Mr. and Mrs. Lepke are Catholics and the latter takes an active interest in church work. Mr. Lepke sustains fraternal membership in the Order of Eagles, the Woodmen of the World, the Sons of Hermann, and the Improved Order of Red Men, and has filled all the offices in his local lodge of Red Men and also in the Order of Eagles, having been president of the latter order four years. With a stanch devotion to the Democratic party in politics, Mr. Lepke is a zealous worker in its behalf and has given official service as alderman in Anaconda. While he is essentially a business man, yet he has a large capacity for the enjoyment of social life and sports. He and his rod have visited many of the streams and lakes of Montana and he is also interested in athletics and is at the present time an officer in the Washoe Athletic Club. As is characteristic of the German, he is highly appreciative of music and was at one time a member of the
Anaconda Band. Anaconda numbers him among those of its citizens and business men who are contributors to the prestige of Montana.  [Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

Philip Greenan.
The aptitude of the Irish for statecraft and politics is proverbial. Perhaps it has become rooted in their blood from the centuries of struggle with adverse political conditions which have hampered the wonderful island of Erin. Possibly they are not really any more ardent politicians than they are poets and warriors; for certainly they go into these pursuits with zeal and emerge with distinction. The Celtic revival has drawn our attention anew to the literary exploits of that people and meanwhile they are continuing to exert their genius for organization upon public concerns, very much to the advantage of said concerns. Mr. Greenan is a notable example of Montana's able public men of Irish blood.
     The first twelve years of Philip Greenan's life were spent in Ireland, and there he received all his training in the schools. He came to America with some relatives and obtained employment in a rubber factory at Millville, Massachusetts. This was in the year of 1881 when child-labor laws did not yet forbid the children under fourteen to work in factories. Mr. Greenan remained here for three years, and in 1884 came west. His first stop was at Leadville, Colorado, and in that lively mining town he obtained work at the smelting plant, and thus the next three years were spent. The following twelve months he was in Denver, and from that city he came to Montana in 1888. At Anaconda he found work easily in the smelter, and for ten years he stayed in the city and worked at this same occupation.
     When the Spanish-American war broke out in 1898 Mr. Greenan enlisted with Company K which went from Anaconda, and was sent to the Philippines. Here he served until the company was mustered out at San
Francisco. On March 23, 1899, he was wounded in a skirmish and obliged to spend some time in the hospital. He did not remain long, as he was eager to rejoin his regiment at the earliest possible moment. After being mustered out, Mr. Greenan returned to Anaconda and there resumed his work in the smelter, remaining there one year.
     It was in 1900 that the Democratic party selected Mr. Greenan as their candidate for clerk of Deer Lodge county. He was elected to the office and two years later was again a candidate for the same office and a second time the choice of the county for the position. His term of service expired in March, 1904, and then he again resumed his work at the smelters and for the next five years was busied with this occupation. Though not in public office, he was, however, still active in the party councils and recognized as one of its strong men. On March 4, 1909, Governor Norris appointed him adjutant general and he still holds that position. The filling of this position made it advisable for Mr. Greenan to move from Anaconda to Helena and since his appointment he has resided at the capital, with his family. This consists of his wife, Bridget Dorian Greenan, and their one son, Philip Gregory, a lad of nine who is attending the public schools of Helena.
Another child born to this union died in infancy. Mrs. Greenan was born in Wisconsin, but came to Montana when a young girl and here met Mr. Greenan. The family are members of the Catholic church.
     Both of Mr. Greenan's parents are now deceased. Neither Peter Greenan nor his wife, Anne Finnegan Greenan, ever immigrated from county Monaghan, Ireland, which was their birthplace and that of their children, and is now their last resting place.
     Mr. Greenan's only lodge is the insurance order of the Woodmen of the World. He is, however, a man of most sociable disposition and has a talent for making and keeping friends. He has supplied the deficiencies of his early school advantages by much judicious reading, being especially fond of books of travel. His many friends throughout the state speak confidently of the bright political future, which they feel sure will be possible to Mr. Greenan if he wishes to seek preferment in that line.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

 John O. Lagerquist.

 Like many other of Montana's prosperous and respected business men, John O. Lagerquist, of Hamilton, was born across the sea, his birth having occurred, January 21, 1865, near Carlstad, Sweden. Olaf Lagerquist, his father, has never left the fatherland, but is still living on the old home farm. His wife, whose maiden name was Katherine Larson, died in 1910, leaving three children, as follows: August, assisting his father in the management of the homestead; Matilda, wife of Olaf Olson, of Skosberg, Sweden, and John O., the special subject of this brief biographical record. Receiving excellent educational advantages as a boy, John O. Lagerquist left the high school of his native town at the age of sixteen years, after which he spent an apprenticeship of three years at the carpenter's trade, working with an uncle in Stockholm. Then, conformable to the laws of Sweden, he served two years in the army, being mustered out at the age of
twenty-one years. Immigrating to America the following year, Mr. Lagerquist followed his trade for two years in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Coming to Montana in 1888, he was employed as a carpenter in Anaconda for two years. Settling then in Butte, he began a career which proved most successful, taking contracts for building houses in that city, while thus engaged superintending the building of the Daly mansion and other important structures on the Daly estate, remaining with Marcus Daly until 1904.
     Mr. Lagerquist's next large contract was the erection for the Anaconda Copper Company, of the largest flume in the world, a gigantic work which he completed successfully and satisfactorily. Locating then in Hamilton, he, in company with Erick Ericson, built the only independent planing mill and sawmill in Montana. They conducted it successfully until 1908, when Mr. Lagerquist purchased his partner's interest in the plant, which he is managing alone, carrying on an extensive and remunerative business under the name of the "Riverview Manufacturing Company." In the manufacture of inside house furnishings, store fronts, stairs, counters, doors, shelving, etc., he employs many hands, endeavoring at all times to meet the demands of his customers promptly. Mr. Lagerquist takes great pride and satisfaction in the fact that he is not affiliated with any trust or combination, being the owner of the only independent plant of the kind in the state. He has
acquired considerable property, owning valuable city realty, and being interested to some extent in the mineral resources of Montana. He is independent in politics, with a tendency towards Democratic principles and party. Although not an office seeker, he was elected alderman of the city in 1908. Fraternally, he is a member and past noble grand of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Order of Eagles.
     In June, 1900, Mr. Lagerquist married Sarah K. Parsons, a native of Sweden, and of the seven children born of their union, two have passed to the life beyond, and five are living, namely: Elmer, Nancy, Ruth, Victor and George. Mr. Lagerquist is a firm believer in a great and prosperous future for Montana, basing his faith on the fact that everything needful for its growth and advancement can be produced in the state, which is rich and fruitful in its resources.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

Caleb M. Sawyer.

The name of Caleb M. Sawyer, of Anaconda, Montana, is one which is known, at least to lawyers, throughout the whole of the country, for he has been engaged for the past eight years in one of the biggest legal battles that this country has ever witnessed. In this great fight, which he has led in behalf of a community of farmers against a great corporation, he has been actuated solely through humanitarianism and a spirit that cannot endure injustice. Mr. Sawyer has been a resident of the state of Montana for nearly a quarter of a century and during his long residence in the state has given nearly the whole of his time to the practice of his profession, though he could have held various political offices had he so desired. His chief aim in life has been, not to see how much money he could pile up nor how many cases he could win regardless of the justice in the question, but how much he could aid the downtrodden and the poor. He should
be known as the poor man's lawyer, for no person suffering under injustice calls on him for aid in vain.
     A native of old New Hampshire, Mr. Sawyer was born at East Andover on the 19th of August, 1854. He is a descendant of early New Hampshire settlers, his great-grandparents having settled there in the young days of the colony. His father, Daniel E. Sawyer, was also born at East Andover. He was a well educated man, being a schoolmate of Benjamin Butler, of Civil war fame. In 1856, Daniel Sawyer moved west and settled in Minnesota. He was an ardent and indeed a rabid Republican, and after coming to the west he was elected to a number of minor offices. He was greatly interested and very active in behalf of the public schools, accomplishing a good work along these lines. On the recommendation of Benjamin Butler and of his cousin, U. S. Senator Philetus Sawyer, of Wisconsin, Mr. Sawyer was appointed superintendent of the Yellowstone National Park by President James A. Garfield. He served under President Arthur in this capacity and two years under President
Cleveland, or until the United States soldiers were placed in charge of the National Park. In his religious affiliations he was a member of the Episcopal church and he was always a loyal worker in both political and religious fields. His wife was Julia M. Gibbons, who was born in Scotland and was left an orphan at an early age.
     Caleb M. Sawyer was only a baby when his father moved to the west, so, to all intents and purposes, he is a western man. He received his collegiate education at the Wesleyan Methodist Seminary at Wasioja, Dodge county, Minnesota. After the completion of his general education he was placed in the office of the Honorable F. M. Wilson at Red Wing, Minnesota, where he spent a number of years in the study of law. He was admitted to the bar of the state of Minnesota in October. 1887, and during the following year removed to Montana. In 1889 he was admitted to the bar in Montana. He immediately began the practice of law in Anaconda, Montana, where he has practiced ever since. He has a flourishing practice though much of his time of late years has been given to work on the case above mentioned. In 1899 he was admitted to the United States district and circuit courts for the Ninth district. Ten years later, in July, 1909, he was admitted to practice in the
United States circuit court of Appeals and on the 12th of July, 1909, he was admitted to the United States supreme court.
     Like his father, Mr. Sawyer is a stanch Republican, but he has never cared for political preferment, the only office of any kind which he has ever held, being that of city attorney for Anaconda, which post he occupied for three years, from 1900 to 1903.
     Mr. Sawyer, ever of progressive ideas, became one of the leaders of the Progressive movement in Montana, and was a delegate to the National Progressive Convention at Chicago, that nominated Col. Theodore Roosevelt for the presidency. At the state convention Mr. Sawyer received the unanimous vote of 593 delegates for the office of attorney general of Montana. He takes considerable interest in fraternal organizations, being a member of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias and the Fraternal Order of Eagles.
     Mr. Sawyer was married on the 21st of February 1876, to Zell O. Dickey, their union taking place at Pine Island, Minnesota. She was a daughter of Sylvester Dickey, and received her education in preparatory schools in Minnesota and she had so well handled her opportunities that she was able to teach school herself, which she had done very successfully for five years prior to her marriage. In 1866 her father was a member of the house of representatives in Minnesota, and at various times held many minor offices in Goodhue county, Minnesota. Mrs. Sawyer had four brothers who served throughout the Civil war; Jasper, Edgar, Joseph and W. B. Dickey. The latter was a member of the First Minnesota Regiment, and later of the Second Minnesota. He was also state senator from Goodhue county, Minnesota, for a number of terms. Mrs. Sawyer has a nephew who has recently been in the public eye. This nephew, Bruce G. Dickey, was one of the five commissioners appointed
by President Taft as financial advisers and aides to W. Morgan Shuster, when the latter was made treasurer general of Persia. He remained with Mr. Shuster until the latter was driven from Persia and in Mr. Shuster's recent book, "The Strangling of Persia," he pays a tribute to the assistance that Mr. Dickey was able to render him. He was inspector of taxation for Persia until 1912, when he returned to this country to take charge of his father's estate. Mr. Dickey, previous to his residence in Persia, had held various posts in the Philippine Islands, under the appointment of different presidents. Mrs.
Sawyer's father and all of her brothers were close and loyal adherents of the Republican party.
     The two daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Sawyer are Bessie, who was born in October, 1877, and Bertha, whose birth took place on March, 1879. The latter is now the wife of Frank N. Heckman, who is a successful merchant in Spokane, Washington.
     As has been mentioned Mr. Sawyer's strongest personal characteristic is pity. He himself often speaks of his mother's tender-heartedness, and it is very likely that he inherits this characteristic from her, for while she could only extend her charity to the feeding of dumb animals or of a stray wanderer, Mr. Sawyer has been fighting for years to save their homes and means of livelihood to hundreds of people. In the month of May, 1904, Robert L. Clinton, an attorney of Butte, Montana, and Mr. Sawyer took upon themselves the task of saving the homes of the farmers of the Deer Lodge Valley Farmers' Association from the fumes of the Washoe smelters, which, pouring out their poisonous breath day after day, have practically destroyed the ranches and farms of the once rich and flourishing Deer Lodge Valley. The first fourteen months of the great fight were given to taking the testimony before the standing master in chancery in Butte, Montana. These two
lawyers were matched against an army of the cleverest lawyers in the country, for their opponents were a corporation with untold wealth behind them. The records in this first part of the case amounted to over twenty-five thousand pages. The stenographer who took the testimony for Mr. Sawyer and his partner was paid over twenty-three thousand dollars, sufficient evidence of the enormous amount of evidence to be handled. The arguments of the opposing counsel continued for twenty days. It was then taken before the district court where twenty more days were spent in arguing the case. From this court it went to the United States circuit court of appeals for the Ninth district of the state of Montana. The court was sitting at San Francisco, and here the case was again argued. There were forty-seven days of argument in the suit which was finally brought into the United States supreme court, where it is now pending. The case is technically known as the Fred J.
Bliss against the Washoe Copper Company and the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, and is claimed to be the biggest case ever received in the court.
     The case has been notorious because of the personal interest taken in it by the president of the United States, by the attorney general, by Secretary Wilson of the agricultural department and by other prominent men. It was really the cause of the defeat of Thomas H. Carter for United States senator from Montana in 1910. This battle has not only been a legal battle but a political one as well, and is destined to become a historical one. Some idea of the immense amount of work that Mr. Sawyer has done in this case may be obtained from the fact that, in his arguments before the standing master in chancery and the United States district court, he averaged nine thousand words an hour.
     Mr. Sawyer is a firm believer in the strength of the men of Montana. Being active in politics and an attendant at many of the state conventions of the Republican party, he had an opportunity of meeting and knowing many of the finest men in the state. To one of these friends of his he gives the credit for much of his success, namely, Wilbur F. Sanders. He has said that to him he owed the solution of many a knotty problem in law and his kindly advice helped him across many hard places. He once paid Mr. Sanders the following tribute which reflects the fine character of the speaker himself: "I honored him as one of our greatest men politically, and one whose honesty and integrity were beyond question, and he who received his friendship was endowed with a greater gift than money could buy. I honored and respected him as a statesman and loved him as a citizen."
     Mr. Sawyer may not receive any reward in a substantial way for this great work to which he has given the best of his later years, but he will have his reward in the grateful thanks of a helpless people; for although he should lose his cause, those farmers and ranchers in that gas-poisoned valley will never forget the man who putting aside his own affairs was willing and glad to do what he could to rescue them from ruin and often death, for they had sunk their all in their valley homes.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

Among the leaders in the political life of Montana, one of the most influential is William H. Dunnigan, present state senator from Deer Lodge county. He is a thorough student of political science, is popular among citizens, and has made an excellent record in the legislature.
Senator Dunningan was born at Louisville, New York, April 12, 1863. When he was about eighteen years old he went west as far as Iowa, where he spent a year in different occupations, and then moved to Washburn, in northern Wisconsin, where he was engaged in the cigar and news business about seven years. The burning of his establishment caused him to leave, and in 1891 he settled in Montana, with which state he has been identified now for more than twenty years. His first location was in Butte, where he remained a year, was then in the restaurant business at Helena for a similar period, after which he returned to Butte and made it his home and place of business twelve years. Since then he has been in Anaconda, where he established the Turf Cafe, which he has made one of the most popular places of the kind in the city.
During his boyhood days in New York, Senator Dunnigan attended the public schools of Louisville, being a student of the high school before he took up his practical career. His first money was earned by farm work at five dollars a month, his wages being given to his mother, and he continued in this way until he left home and found larger fields of enterprise in the west. Mr. Dunnigan's parents were William and Nancy (Finnegan) Dunnigan. His father, who was a native of New York state and lived there until his death in 1873, when about forty-eight years of age, was a farmer by occupation, and took a very prominent interest in his church, the Catholic. His wife, who was also born in New York state, still lives on the old homestead at Louisville. There were five children, of whom William H. was the second and the oldest son.
Senator Dunnigan was married at Helena, in 1893, to Miss Emma Gustine. Her parents came to this country from Sweden. Two children have been born to them : Florence, who is a student in the high school; and William, a student in the grades. In religious matters Mr. Dunnigan inclines to the Catholic faith. Since casting his first vote for James G. Blaine in 1884, he has always manifested a keen interest in politics. But until recently he had steadily refused the solicitations to run for municipal and other local offices, and the nomination and election to the state senate from Deer Lodge county were virtually forced upon him. The indications at this writing are that he will have to serve another term in the same office. He is very fond of reading, especially the subjects of political science, political economy and history, and is well informed on the fundamental principles of government. On different occasions he has proved his vigorous ability as a campaigner, and under all circumstances he enjoys a good speech or lecture. Athletic and general sports have always interested him, and he is a baseball "fan" and formerly played the game himself. He is also fond of fine horses. To Montana, as the state of his choice and home, he yields the best tributes of his loyalty and pride. The development of its resources, in his opinion, has only begun, and no other portion of the Union offers such attractions and opportunities.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 -  Transcribed by Cathy Danielson]
Timothy O'Leary was what Mr. Kipling would call a ''first class fighting man." He fought his way through school, he fought for the Fenian cause, he fought for the cause of liberty in Cuba, and he rendered good service to Uncle Sam as a soldier. Now since his death he is mourned, not only as a good Mr. O'Leary was an Irishman, born near Cork, on December 15, 1844. His elementary education was secured in the public schools and he then attended Christian Brothers College until he was seventeen years of age, when he came to the United States.
Immediately upon his arrival in this country he joined the United States Army, becoming a member of the Fifteenth United States Infantry, in which command he served three years during the war between the state. He was at the battles of Stone River, Chickamauga Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta and Jonesboro. He was slightly wounded at the battle of Jonesboro, but he kept right on fighting
At the conclusion of his service for Uncle Sam, Mr. O'Leary became actively identified with the Fenian cause as major and military organizer. He held the rank of major at the battle of Ridgeway, Canada, in 1866. Later he was adjutant-general of the Fenian army, and established military organizations in many parts of the United States. Through his instrumentality nearly fifty thousand men were organized and put in readiness for battle. At the Ridgeway conflict a force of six hundred Fenians was opposed by sixteen hundred of the enemy, but the Fenians were victorious. Hostilities were stopped however, by the intervention of the United States government. Major O'Leary and thirteen other officers who engaged in that battle were arrested and taken by the United States steamer Michigan, to Buffalo, New York, put in jail and afterwards placed under bonds of two thousand dollars each. They were represented by Grover Cleveland, who secured their release on bail. All were taken to, Canadagua, New York, where they were arraigned in the United States court, and eventually their cases were nolle prossed.
Mr. O'Leary, thus returned to the paths of peace, began the study of law in 1868, but shortly afterwards went to Cuba and joined in the war for liberty on the island. In the conflict between the Cubans and the Spanish government, Mr. O'Leary soon arose to a position of importance. He was appointed chief of ordnance, and commanded an expedition on the steamer "Katherine Whiting," loaded with arms and ammunition. Three schooners were sent from New York City to Gardner's bay under his direction and there waited for the steamer "Whiting" to appear. This vessel, however, was seized by the United States revenue cutter "Bayard." Mr. O'Leary became suspicious at the delay and returned to New London, Connecticut, where he found the vessel had been seized. He returned to Gardner's bay where he had other steamers unloaded and sent back to New York. He became suspicious of his secretary, and on investigating found the man was really a Spanish spy. Mr. O'Leary promptly gave the fellow a first class whipping, but the result of the whole affair was the abandonment of the Cuban expedition.
The Fenian cause again engaged his attention and his energies, but he continued to read law between fights. In 1870 he again headed a Fenian expedition into Canada, but this expedition like the others, came into conflict with the United States government and Mr. O'Leary "went into retirement'' for a while.
Mr. O'Leary went west, locating in Minnesota, and entered the employ of the Northern Pacific railroad, then building its first section west of Duluth. He became a section hand and for a time remained very quiet. Three months of this seclusion satisfied him that the skies were clear, and he entered upon the practice of the law. lie was admitted to the bar in 1870. and practiced fifteen years in Minnesota, first in the city of Hastings, then at Henderson. He was appointed United States post-office inspector by Grover Cleveland and held that position until 1888, when Mr. Wannamaker was appointed postmaster general. For an unexplained reason. Mr. O'Leary was dismissed by wire, no cause being assigned.
The very next day the Philadelphia Press in a leading article stated that a mistake had been made, as Mr. O'Leary's services had been excellent. He did not, however, return to the service. In 1889 he came to Montana and settled at Anaconda. He almost immediately became active in public affairs, and stumped the state for the Democrats on many occasions. He served three terms as city attorney for Anaconda.
Mr. O'Leary was a member of the Knights of Columbus, and prominent in the affairs of the Grand Army of the Republic. In the early part of his residence in Montana he was especially fond of hunting and indulged this liking on every convenient occasion. He had many trophies of his skill as a hunter of big game and was a fine shot.
Mr. O'Leary was married to Miss Kate Ahern, a native of Brooklyn, New York. She is the daughter of Michael and is still living in Anaconda. The one son of Mr. and Mrs. O'Leary, Arthur O'Leary, seems to have inherited his father's love for the military. He is a captain of the United States marines. Arthur O'Leary enlisted at the outbreak of the Spanish war as a bugler in a local militia company. He was promoted to second lieutenant before seeing service. Later he became first lieutenant and then captain of the United States marines. The Montana regiment in which Captain O'Leary served, and the captain's company especially, was employed by Major Bell in many dangerous scouting expeditions, and Captain O'Leary's company became known as the "suicide squad" because of the daring of its members.
Timothy O'Leary was recognized as one of the leading lawyers of Deer Lodge county. He was held in very high regard and had many friends and admirers, and in spite of his advancing years he declared that he was still ready to do battle in any good cause; therefore when the end came on the 13th of May, 1912, he met it bravely, for he had "fought the good fight." 
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]
Since 1889 Alfred Whitworth has been engaged in the drug business in the city of Deer Lodge, Montana, and the years have told the tale of an eminently successful career, due to innate talent as a pharmacist and to unusual enterprise and initiative as a business man. Mr. Whitworth has ever manifested a deep and sincere interest in community affairs and he has ever been on the alert and enthusiastically in sympathy with all movements projected for the good of the general welfare.
Alfred Whitworth was born in Lancashire, England. March 16. 1865, and he is a son of Jeffrey and Sarah (Boyd) Whitworth, both of whom were born in England in 1839. The father came to America with his family in 1866, and settled in Salt Lake City, Utah. His wife, who still survives him. yet resides there. Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey Whitworth became the parents of three children,—Frank E. is a prominent druggist in Salt Lake City; Violet is a popular and successful teacher in the public schools of Salt Lake City; and Alfred is the immediate subject of this review.'
An infant of but one year of age at the time of his arrival in the United States, Alfred Whitworth was reared to maturity in Salt Lake City. He received his educational training in St. Marks Episcopal School, the only institution of learning in that place in those early days outside of Mormon schools. The first work he performed for wages, was as office boy in the office of Philip T. Van Zile, then prosecuting attorney for Utah territory. At the age of thirteen years he took up the study of pharmacy, and he resided in Salt Lake City as a drug clerk until 1885, when he went to Hailey, Idaho, where he was employed as a druggist for the ensuing two years, at the expiration of which he came to Montana, locating in Deer Lodge, here working as a drug clerk for the next eighteen months. On July 1, 1889, he decided to launch forth in the drug business on his own account and on that date opened a store which now ranks as one of the oldest of its kind in Deer Lodge. His business has increased steadily in the scope of its operations and the drug store is as finely equipped in every particular as any that can be found in many of the large eastern cities.
In politics Mr. Whitworth is a stanch supporter of Republican principles. He served for six years as a member of the State Board of Pharmacy, under appointments of ex-Governor Richards and ex-Governor Toole. His strict application to business and up-to-date methods, as coupled with a gentlemanly and genial disposition, are the prime reasons for the splendid success achieved by Mr. Whitworth. In fraternal circles he is affiliated with the Woodmen of the World and with the time-honored Masonic order, having been master of Deer Lodge, No. 14, of the latter organization in 1892 and 1908, high priest of Valley chapter No. 4, Royal Arch Masons, for five years; and potentate of Algeria Temple (Helena), Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in 1906. In religious matters the family are devout communicants of the Protestant Episcopal church, in the different departments of whose work they have ever been most zealous factors.
On June 30, 1897, at Deer Lodge, Mr. Whitworth was united in marriage to Miss May E. Wollfolk, a daughter of Rev. L. Wollfolk, a pioneer preacher of the Baptist faith in Helena, Montana. Mr. and Mrs. Whitworth have two children, Dorothy and Walton Marshall, who are attending school in Deer Lodge. Mr. Whitworth's chief pleasure is in automobiling with his wife and family. The attractive family home is located at No. 702 Milwaukee avenue, and is a center of refinement and generous hospitality.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 -  Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]
As a member of that influential class of men. who according to their characters and creeds may be the best liked or the worst hated of men—in other words, the editors of our daily newspapers—Charles Hayden Eggleston has long since made the force of his personality felt through the state of Montana. As a managing editor of one of the most important newspapers in the state he occupies a responsible and easily abused position. No one as well as an editor himself knows the power and influence of the printed word, and no power is more wrongfully used in the country today. In some instances we come across men who refuse to lower their high calling by placing themselves at the beck and call of every petty local politician who desires to use the newspaper to exploit himself, and the public is not long in discovering that such is the case and in showing their appreciation. This is one of the principal causes of the large circulation of the Anaconda Standard, for Mr. Eggleston is a man of the above type.
It is but another link in the great chain of inherited characteristics, this high-mindedness, for Mr. Eggleston is a son of pure English ancestors, men and women of strong characters, education and refinement of tastes. His father was Charles Schendoah Eggleston, who was born at Oneida, New York, on the 12th of March, 1824. He was professor of ancient and modern languages in Falley Seminary, at Fulton, New York. Giving up his educational work, he later entered the mercantile business at the same place. Until about 1890 he was a member of the Republican party, but at this time the Prohibition party was being organized and he threw himself with intense enthusiasm into the work of the new party. He was ever afterward a loyal member of this party and was its candidate for various city, county and state offices. In his religious faith he was a member and active worker in the Methodist Episcopal church. The wife of Charles S. Eggleston was Frances Helen Paddock, who was born in Wolcott, New York, likewise of English ancestry.
Charles Hayden Eggleston was born on the 16th of February. 1858, at Fulton, New York. He and his sister, Frances, now Mrs. A. B. Blodgett, of Syracuse, New York, are now the only living members of his family. Mr. Eggleston received the usual secondary school education and was then sent to Syracuse University, from which he was graduated in 1878 with the degree of A. B. He had made a good record in the university and was able to secure a position on the Syracuse Standard as a reporter. It was not long before he proved to his superiors that he not only knew how to write news but that he knew how to handle it as well. He was consequently offered the position of city editor of the paper which is now the Syracuse Post-Standard, which he did not hesitate about accepting. He remained in this work until 1889, when the opportunity to come west as associate editor of the Anaconda Standard arose. He arrived in Anaconda that year, and has been on the editorial staff of the above mentioned paper ever since.
Politically Mr. Eggleston is a member of the Democratic party, and has rendered the party yeoman service in many campaigns. Through his position on the inside, as it were, he has been in a position to judge fairly, and knowing the honesty and sincerity of his beliefs, the people have trusted this judgment far more than is usual. On the Democratic ticket he was elected state senator from Deerlodge county in 1894 and his service was so satisfactory to those who elected him that he was sent back in 1898 for another term. Mr. Eggleston is not a believer in mixing politics and newspaper work, so he has since accepted no more offices. In religious matters, Mr. Eggleston is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and in the fraternal world, he owes allegiance to the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks.
On the 22nd of December, 1884. Mr. Eggleston was married to Jessie Virginia Coleman, the ceremony taking place in Syracuse, . New York. Mrs. Eggleston was educated in the public schools of Seneca Falls. New York. The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Eggleston, Charles Little Eggleston. was born in Syracuse, New York, April 22, 1890. He has received a thorough education and has attended the state university of Montana. He is now artist for the Anaconda Standard.
Not only is Mr. Eggleston known for his brilliant and searching editorials, but also for various publications of which he is the author. Among these may be mentioned. "When Bryan Came to Butte," published in 1897, and a "History of Anaconda," which was published in 1908. The Anaconda Standard is one of the authoritative voices of public opinion in Montana, and of the many thousands who daily read the editorial columns not one but feels the force and sincerity, as well as the cleverness of Mr. Eggleston's remarks. It is worth any sacrifice he may have made to have the reputation for fairness and the influence for good that Mr. Eggleston possesses. With such men to lead them toward progress it is no wonder that the people of Montana have made such tremendous strides within the past decade or so.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 -  Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]
John William James, a well-known and successful attorney of Anaconda, Montana, is a native of Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, born May 12. 1868, son of John W. and Mary Ellen (Carmody) James. The father in early life was engaged in farming in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, later a merchant in Illinois and the later years of his life were spent in lumbering in Wisconsin. His wife, the mother of John W. James of Anaconda, died when the son was an infant, and his father moved to Neodesha, Kansas, and died there when John William was four and a half years old. His father had remarried, and the boy was reared by his stepmother. She later married again and is the widow of Henry Doron. She gave to him the same loving care as if he had been her own child, and today he is gladly returning that interest, for this lady, who was formerly Miss Sarah J. Kinney, is now living at the home of Mr. James in Anaconda, aged eighty one.
At his boyhood home in Neodesha he attended the public schools and graduated in 1886. He began to earn his living at railroad work in the station of the St. Louis and San Francisco railroad at his home town, remaining there until 1889, when he came to Anaconda to accept a clerical position in the office of the Montana Union Railroad, later becoming chief clerk and remaining there until the great A. R. U. strike in 1894. Taking his savings from his wages he went to the University of Wisconsin and took up the study of law.
Mr. James came to Anaconda on July 10, 1896, and began to practice his profession. He was the first Republican county attorney ever elected in Deer Lodge county after the division of the county into its present confines. He was appointed United States commissioner by Judge Knowles and later by Judge Hunt, serving twelve years in that important capacity. He is a firm believer in Republican principles and is active locally in the affairs of the party. He is a director of the Anaconda National Bank is an enthusiastic and consistent booster for Montana and for Anaconda in particular.
On January 23, 1897, Mr. James was married to Miss Almyra M. Little of Birmingham, Iowa. They have five children, Lois Harriet, Ruth, John William, David Ralph and Alary Martha. Joseph J. Appel, an enterprising business man of Philipsburg, has lived in Montana and the northwest for varying periods during the last twenty-five years, and consequently his opinion as to this region has much interest and value. "I have traveled," says he, "and have done business in every state in the Union, and in my opinion Montana beats them all. The people, the climate, the opportunities and conditions that are found here can not be equaled, and personally I favor Montana above all." His individual career is one more proof of the resourcefulness of the Treasure state.
 [Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]
Montana offers so many examples of self-made men who have won prosperity and honor through their own industry and strength of character that it is hard to select from the great number those who most truly typify the Montana spirit, but we are safe in including among these John Lawler, of Anaconda. Not only possessing the necessary requisites for success in a new country, courage and a capacity for hard work, but having the keen eye and clear brain that is able to recognize opportunity when it presents itself, he has risen from humble beginnings to one of the prominent and well known business men of this hustling Montana city. He has held a number of positions of public service, and these have been given to him through recognition of his ability and public spiritedness. In every position which he has held he has entered upon the work with the same zest which he brought to his personal affairs and his work has been very satisfactory to the public.
John Lawler is a native of far famed County Clare, Ireland, his father being John Lawler, who spent his life as a farmer in this, his native county. His mother was Johanna Odonnell, who is yet living on the old farm in County Clare. His father died in 1902. John Lawler is the eldest of four children, the others being: Michael Lawler, who is connected with the Anaconda Copper Mining Company at Anaconda ; Thomas Lawler, who died in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1908, and James Lawler, who is a farmer in County Clare.
The date of John Lawler's birth was the 7th of May, 1865. He grew up on his father's farm, receiving his education at the hand of the schoolmasters of his native county. Of an ambitious and adventurous spirit, at the age of seventeen he carried out his long cherished plan of seeking his fortune in the land of promise and so embarked for the United States. On his arrival in this country he went to New Britain, Connecticut, where he found employment as a machine hand in one of the big factories. Here he remained for several years, ever watching for a chance to better himself, and saving his wages that he might improve his conditions if a chance offered. He was thus enabled to learn the trade of stationary engineer, and having mastered this he followed his new profession for three years at New Britain. In 1888 he determined that the far west offered more opportunities to a man of his education and character than the east and so he came to Anaconda, Montana. Proof of his ability and the high character of his work is to be found in the fact that he secured employment in the Anaconda Copper Mining Company as an engineer and was placed after a time in charge of their largest engine. This position involved a responsibility that would never have been entrusted to a man who was not only a master of his trade, but one who could always be trusted and therefore speaks well for the stability of Mr. Lawler's character even at this early date. He remained in this position for ten years, watching continually for any opening by which he might be enabled to get a start for himself At last seeing his opportunity to establish himself as an undertaker, he learned the embalming business and ventured into the undertaking business in a modest way. From this small beginning his business has grown until today it is the leading one in its line in Anaconda. On January 1, 1912, Norris Climer became a partner, the firm name being Lawler & Climer.
Mr. Lawler, by his industry and honesty has made friends in the various classes of people with whom he has come in contact and the people of his city have shown their appreciation of his good qualities by electing him to the office of alderman. He served in this position for one term, and in 1908 was again placed in a public position by being elected city and county coroner as the nominee of the Democratic party. He is now (1912) the present incumbent of this office and during all of this time he has given earnest and loyal service to the people. Learning the value of money through years of having to go without it, he has learned to appraise an investment at its true worth and has consequently been fortunate in various financial ventures. He is the owner of valuable agricultural and mineral lands and has considerable money invested in city realty. The Deer Lodge County Fair has come in for a large share of his time and as a director of this he has been instrumental in its success every year since its inauguration. Mr. Lawler is also chairman of the board of police commissioners.
The principles of fraternalism have always made a strong appeal to Mr. Lawler as his membership in numerous organizations will testify. He is a member and prominent worker in the Knights of Columbus, and belongs to the Catholic Order of Foresters. He is also a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, of the Eagles and of the Fraternal Brotherhood. In the fraternal order of the Moose he holds the office of past dictator.
The wife of Mr. Lawler, Annie Flynn, whom he married in Anaconda on the 3rd of July, 1899, is also a native of Ireland. They have four children, Lorene, Frank, Florence and Lorn. All of the family are devoted members and attendants of the Roman Catholic church.
Montana is proud to have such citizens as John Lawler, who have won their successes through the merit of honest service rendered and not through pull or through an unusual cleverness in getting something for nothing. A young man just starting out in life would do well to look at John Lawler and see that success can be won by keeping one eye on possible opportunities and the other on one's work. Mr. Lawler never neglected his work for one instant, but he somehow knew when a choice bit of land was about to be placed on the market and he was always ready with his offer. 
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]
In the modern city no municipal service has been developed to a higher point of efficiency and of greater usefulness to the property and welfare of citizens than the fire protection service. In its fire department the city of Anaconda need fear comparison with no other city of Montana, for both in equipment and personnel it is modern and to the highest degree effective.
As organizer of the old-time volunteer service and present chief of the modern department, Charles Collins has long been one of the valued citizens of Anaconda, and his civic and personal record is very interesting. He was born in Marengo, Iowa, on April I, 1869. In that town while a boy he attended the public schools, but at a very early age began his practical experience. In a drug store of his home town he was hired at a salary of twelve dollars a month, most of which he gave to his mother, and he gained a good working knowledge of the drug business while there. When about fourteen years old he left home and continued employment in the drug business at Omaha for one year.
In 1886, at the age of seventeen, he came out to Montana, and this state has since been his permanent place of residence. During the subsequent years he has made trips of greater or less duration to Alaska, British Columbia, Nevada, Utah and elsewhere, but never with an idea of leaving the state as a home. His first town on coming here was Anaconda, and he has acknowledged no other home town since that date. For three years he was employed in the concentrator plant of the A. C. M. Company. For six years he was actively connected with the fire department, after which he was for a similar period engaged principally in mining. He also studied and learned steam engineering, and with his long experience and technical knowledge was eminently fitted for the position of chief of the fire department, to which he was appointed in October, 1911.
In 1888 he organized the first volunteer fire company of Anaconda, and later was the first paid fireman appointed in this city. More or less actively, he has been identified with this service all the years of his residence here, and the city owes much to him for its present fire protection. In the early days he was captain of the fire department athletic team, and led it in competitions all over the state. This company held the state championship for five consecutive years. During the existence of the volunteer organization he and J. A. Hasley, of this city, held the record for three years as the champion pair of hose couplers, and their record has never been excelled since then. Chief Collins believes in the best of improvements both in equipment and training of the members of the fire department. The department is now altogether a paid service, and is motorized with modern apparatus, a new $6,000 truck having been recently added.
Mr. Collins was married in British Columbia, February 17, 1900, to Miss Laura J. Boyd, daughter of John and Sophia Boyd, of Anaconda. Mr. and Mrs. Collins have three children, Flora, Lillian and Evelyn, all of whom are in school, and Miss Flora is a student of music.
The parents of Chief Collins were Joseph H. and Mary (Francis) Collins. The father, who now lives retired and spends his time with his children, was born in Tennessee and settled in Iowa in 1846, about the time Iowa was admitted to the Union. A farmer and merchant by occupation, he also became prominent in politics. He is one of the old guard of the Republican party, and was a delegate to the national convention in Chicago in 1860. He carried a rail with him and was one of the enthusiastic supporters who backed Abraham Lincoln for the nomination as president. He was married in Iowa, and his wife passed away in 1910, when about seventy years old. Her death occurred while visiting a daughter in St. Anthony, Idaho, and she is buried there. Of the seven children in the family, Charles was the fifth and the youngest son. One sister is the wife of Dr. W. C. Gutelitts, a well-known dentist of Anaconda. The rest of the family are located in various western states.
Mrs. Collins is a member of the Presbyterian church, and he leans toward the Methodist denomination. In politics he is Republican, but not active in party affairs. All forms of athletic contests appeal to him, and he is especially fond of witnessing a good boxing match. Music is one of his delights, and for six years he was a member of the Anaconda band.
What the state of Montana means to him personally is well stated in his own words. He says : "I have traveled all over Washington, Oregon, Alaska, British Columbia, Idaho and Utah, and put in my boyhood's hardship days in Iowa. I saw a great deal of Missouri, Nebraska and the Dakotas, and with due respect to them all, I say when a man leaves Montana he is leaving home, and will only be glad to return. There is no place on the American continent where opportunity and success go hand in hand so harmoniously as in Montana." 
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]
The proud record of being the oldest physician and surgeon in the city of Anaconda, belongs to Dr. Henry Washington Stephens, and in addition to having the oldest practice he has also one of the largest. Coming to the west when the country was new, he has grown up with it and has given of himself not only in a professional way, but along other lines of service for the betterment of conditions both politically and socially. Feeling the responsibility to society which all educated men must feel today, and which is so truly one of the earmarks of the times. Dr. Stephens has ever placed himself at the call of the people, and in his various positions of public trust has shown himself to be a wise and able executor.
Dr. Stephens was born on the 17th of March, 1862, at St. Joseph, Missouri, the son of Peter Stephens. The latter is a native of Kentucky, the year of his birth being 1833. When the strife between the north and south broke out, Peter Stephens was among the first to enlist, and served through the whole four years of the war as Captain Stephens of the Federal army. His command was Company B, of a Missouri regiment of cavalry. He is no longer in active life, being retired and living at Anaconda. His wife was Pernina Crank, a native of Ironton, Ohio, who died at the age of sixty eight in Anaconda. Only two children were born to Captain and Mrs. Stephens : Dr. Stephens and his sister Anna, who is the widow of Charles Graham and makes her home in Anaconda.
The childhood and boyhood of Dr. Stephens were spent in St. Joseph, Missouri. Here he attended the public schools and was graduated from the high school in 1879. Having long since determined to become a doctor, he then took up the study of medicine at St. Joseph's Medical College, and after four years there received his degree of M. D. This was in 1883 and the next few years were spent in St. Joseph in the practice of his profession. That part of the country was fairly well settled and life for a struggling young physician was not easy, for in all old communities the professions, such as law and medicine, are apt to be over-stocked. The young man, therefore, determined to try his fortune in the west, and in 1887 came to Anaconda. He arrived in the town without even a dollar in his pocket, but with knowledge in his head and skill in his fingers. These possessions soon brought him a practice and it has grown until today he has one of the largest in the city and county. The doctor's sympathy with progress and with modern ideas was shown in 1900 when he went east and took a post-graduate course in one of the New York medical schools. He specialized in obstetrics and was graduated from the school in the fall of 1900.
The appreciation and belief of the people of Anaconda in the ability and honesty of the doctor was shown in 1898, when they elected him as an alderman. This was further emphasized when he was elected to the mayoralty chair in 1900 and served one term. During this term of service men realized, as they had never done before, how Dr. Stephens had learned to understand and  estimate men through his long and intimate association with them as their physician. He clearly showed this wisdom gained through actual experience with the souls of men in his admirable management of the city's affairs during his mayoralty.
In fraternal affairs Dr. Stephens is a member of the Knights of Pythias and has been through all the chairs of the Elks, being past exalted ruler. He is a great believer in the benefits to be obtained from athletics and enjoys nothing more than a good game of basketball or of baseball. He is the owner of a fine residence and of other valuable city real estate.
Dr. Stephens was married on the first of January, 1888, to Katherine J. Allcott, who is a native of San Francisco. Dr. Stephens and his wife are the parents of seven children. Lucinda is a graduate of the high school of Anaconda and is now a teacher in the public schools ; Ruth Phyllis is a graduate of the high school; and the younger children are Katherine Drucilla, Anna, Francis, Howard W. and Helen Virginia. They are a charming and cultured family and are prominent in all the social and public interests of their home city. 
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]
During an industrious career Frederick A. Tintinger, of Cascade, Montana, has gained a strong position by the ability with which he has conducted his business, making steady progress in the peaceful accumulation of the fruits of his vocation, and today holds prestige among the business men of his adopted community, as well as in the public arena. Mr. Tintinger was born in Kossuth county, Iowa, April 30, 1875, and is a son of Nicholas and Mary (Delnoa) Tintinger, natives of France.
Nicholas Tintinger came to the United States as a boy in 1838, first settling in Illinois and in 1860 becoming an early farmer and stock raiser of Kossuth county, Iowa. In the fall of 1886 he came to Montana and in 1887 located in Big Timber, where until his death, in May, 1910, when he was eighty-three years of age, was engaged in the sheep and cattle business. His wife, who also came to the United States in 1838, still survives her husband, and makes her home at Big Timber, being seventy-five years old. Of their ten children, Frederick A. was the ninth in order of birth.
Frederick A. Tintinger received his early education in the schools of Kossuth county, supplementing this by a course in the Engelhorne Business College, Helena, Montana, and subsequently attending the high school at Great Falls, from which he was graduated in 1891. On completing his studies he entered the sheep and stock raising business in Sweet Grass county, Montana, where he owned three sections of land at the time of his retirement from that industry in 1908. At that time he sold his stock and ranch and moved to Cascade, where he entered the real estate and insurance field, in which he met with immediate success, and his interests have continued to grow. He is also owner of the City Stables, a successful livery business. In political matters. Mr. Tintinger is an ardent Democrat, and has taken a great deal of interest in matters of a public nature, and in 1910 was the Democratic nominee for the office of state representative. With his family, he attends the Roman Catholic church in Cascade.
Mr. Tintinger was married at Big Timber, Montana July 9, 1896, to Miss Grace Bain, daughter of Lee Bain, and a native of Iowa. Six children have been born to this union : Lillian and Lloyd, born at Big Timber; Carl, born at Stanford; Mamie and Russell, born at Big Timber; and Ethel, born at Cascade. While resident of Big Timber, Mr. Tintinger was a member of the National Guard for three years. Since he left home as a lad of fifteen years, he has worked industriously at whatever occupation he devoted himself to, and all of his enterprises have turned out successfully, marking him as a man of diversified abilities. In the conduct of his business he has so managed his affairs that the most ultimate good would result to his community, whose interests he has always held at heart. A high type of American citizenship, he is eminently worthy of holding a place among his community's representative men.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]

Felix Ludger St. Jean, M. D.
Among the successful physicians and progressive men of Anaconda, Montana, should be mentioned Dr. Felix L. St. Jean. He has been a resident of Anaconda for twenty-five years or more, and during this time has risen to prominence not only, in his profession but as a business man and able man of affairs. A man now in his prime, the doctor has had years of valuable experience not only along professional lines but in the study of humanity, and his keen judgment of men has given him considerable influence over his friends and acquaintances, who cannot be blind to the observation that years of close contact with men has made possible. Therefore in standing for progressive measures, in deciding that the people are wise enough to govern the country, in spite of his having seen the worst of humanity, the doctor has influenced many to his way of thinking and has accomplished much for the cause of modern political thought in his section. Dr. St Jean was born in Sherrington, Canada, on the 9th of March, 1864. His father was Ludger St. Jean, who was born in Canada and is now living in Anaconda, where he follows commercial pursuits. His mother was Sophia Vautrin, also a native of Canada, who is also living in Anaconda. The doctor received his early education in the Montreal normal schools, and after the completion of his secondary education was sent to Laval University, from which he was graduated in the class of 1889, with the degree of M. B., M. D., C. M. He came to Montana before completing his course of study at the University, arriving in Anaconda where he was to make his future home in 1886. Upon receiving his diploma, he came directly to Anaconda and there entered upon the practice of his profession. His practice has grown with the years and now Dr. St. Jean has a large clientele both in the city and in the surrounding country. He is deeply interested in his work and gives his patients not only medical aid but hearty sympathy and brotherly kindness. Not content with preaching progress to others, he has acted on his own theories and has done much to add to the material prosperity of the city. He has built and now owns several business blocks, and is also the owner of a beautiful home. In a business way he is especially interested in mining and mineral lands. In 1890 he became the organizer of the Butte and Georgetown Mining and Milling Company, which owns a large and are gold-bearing placer mines. The future of the company, with the value of their property becoming each valuable property, consisting of mineral lands, whereon day more certain, is a brilliant one.  Doctor St. Jean is politically of the new party, the progressive Republican, believing that the party standing as it does to reform and the tearing down of some of the custom-made laws that would seem to be a menace to the welfare of the people of the country, is the only one by which the common people of the land can obtain a fair show. As a believer in principles not I men, the doctor himself is one of the strongest arguments for the new party, for it is principles not men that always win in the long run.
Outdoor life appeals to the doctor and he is particularly fond of spending a few weeks each year in camp out of reach of civilization. His automobile is also a great source of pleasure as well as being very necessary, for he and his wife spend much time driving around the country and visiting the mining camps. He is a member of a number of fraternal organizations, believe in thoroughly as one of his profession must in the great principles of brotherhood that all of these organizations are based upon. He belongs to the National Union, the Maccabees, and to many others.
Dr. St. Jean was married to Miss Rosalbe N. Nadau in Butte, Montana, in 1803. Mrs. St. Jean was born in the town of Central Falls, Rhode Island. Four children have been born to this marriage: Aline Marie and Irene Martha are now the high school: Felix Albert, and Jeanette Euginie.
[History of Montana, Transcribed by: Frances Cooley]

 Jud A. Hasley

In business and the general activities of citizenship, Anaconda has during the last quarter of a century had no citizen more prominent than Jud A. Hasley. His name and career need no introduction to the people of Anaconda, and in the history of the state his record has a proper and interesting place. He was born in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, July 1862, and got his education in the public schools of that city. The trade of plumbing has been the basis of his entire business career, and he was engaged in the installation of plumbing in large buildings of various cities throughout the northwest at a time when only the most modern private homes had any sort of equipment of this nature. The learning of his trade and the earning of his first wages came together while he was serving his apprenticeship in Milwaukee. His pay at the start was two dollars and a half per week, and the money he gave to his mother. After acquiring his trade and reaching the age of twenty-one, Mr. Hasley spent several years as a journeyman in the original sense of the term. That is, for nearly a year he worked at St. Paul, then spent about six months in Kansas City, from there went to Omaha, where he stayed three months, and after that was at Denver for six months. While at St. Paul he worked on the plumbing contract for a new high school then being erected. In continuing his westward course from Denver, he took a very original method of travel and one very little employed then, and which at this modern time would seem even more hazardous and difficult than it perhaps seemed then. He rode out of Denver on one of the old high-wheeled bicycles, and with this vehicle performed the long journey through Salt Lake City to San Francisco, passing through the Yosemite Valley en-route. After a short stay in San Francisco, Mr. Hasley came on to Montana, arriving at Helena in November, 1886, and has been a resident of this state ever since. His first job was in placing the lumbering in Sam Ward's residence, and then in the court house at Helena, where he remained nearly a year. During the following year at Butte he installed the plumbing for W. A. Clark's house and the old court house. At Missoula, where he was located for six months, he put in the plumbing for the Florence Hotel. The last stage of his journeyman career was Anaconda, where he came to do the plumbing for the Montana Hotel. This contract finished, he decided to make a permanent location here, and accordingly he opened a small shop and started business in a small way. Since then he has always kept the lead in his line of business, and for a number of years has enjoyed a very large and lucrative trade.
 Mr. Hasley was married in Butte August 29, 1888, to Miss Cora B. O'Niel, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John O'Niel, of Laclede, Missouri. Two children have been born to their marriage: Edith M., now the wife of Frederick K. Brunton, of Anaconda; and William A., who is a student in the local high school.
The parents of Mr. Hasley, John B. and Catherine (Brunner) Hasley, were both born in Switzerland, and were married there. Soon afterward they came to the United States and located at Milwaukee, where the father spent the rest of his life. During the Civil war he was a soldier for several years in the Union Army, and his body is now resting in the government cemetery at Milwaukee. His death occurred when he was eighty-one years old. The mother still survives and makes her home with a married daughter in Milwaukee. Of the five children in the family, Jud A. is the youngest. Mr. Hasley and his wife are members of the Episcopal church in Anaconda. He has long been active in Masonry, and is a past master of Accacia Lodge, No. 33, F. & A. M.; a member of Anaconda Chapter, No. 16, R. A. M., at Anaconda, and Montana Commandery, Knights Templar, as well as charter member of Bagdad
Temple of the Mystic Shrine, both of the latter bodies at Butte. He also affiliates with the Elks and the order of Eagles. He belongs to the Anaconda Club and is on the board of directors of the Anaconda Gun Club. Hunting and fishing and all kinds of athletic sports are among his diversions, and he has won many prizes for his skill with gun in club matches. He is a member of the Veteran Fireman's Association and was formerly a chief of the old volunteer fire service. He and Mr. Collins, who is now chief of the modern fire service in Anaconda, were both members of the old volunteer department, and as a team they held for three years the championship for hose coupling. As a matter of fact, their record has never been surpassed, so they are still regarded as champions. Some years ago Mr. Hasley took quite an active part in Democratic politics, but his growing business caused him to cease; any participation except as a public-spirited citizen who is ready to support any movement for the advancement of his community and state. He was formerly a member of the Anaconda city council. Mr. Hasley and family reside in a beautiful home at 416 Main Street. He is a man of strong and pleasing personality, and for many years has enjoyed the esteem of his many friends and associates in this city. His extensive travels and observations long ago convinced him that Montana is the state of states, and here he expects to remain through life.
[History of Montana, Transcribed by: Frances Cooley]

 Ithel S. Eldred

Was born March 18, 1862, at Climax, Michigan. His education was received in the public and high schools of Kalamazoo and Battle Creek, after having his first schooling at Climax. He left school at eighteen years of age and then taught for two years at Augusta, Michigan. At twenty years of age he learned telegraphy and began to work for the Chicago and Grand Trunk Railway. He was with that company for three or four years and then came west to Dillon, Montana, in 1886, as telegraph operator for the Utah Northern. He was with that company one
year and came to Deer Lodge in 1887. He began to work for the Rocky Mountain Telegraph Company, now the Postal Telegraph Company, and was with them for six years. He then went to the Montana Union, now the Northern Pacific, and remained with them
until 1897, as operator and agent, when the Montana Union was leased to the Northern Pacific Railway. The change caused him to be transferred to the general office in Butte, Montana, and he assumed the position of assistant freight auditor and remained one year. Then he was transferred to Deer Lodge as agent in 1900, and remained until August, 1908, when he was appointed by President Roosevelt to the position of postmaster at Deer Lodge, a position he has since filled to the entire satisfaction of the people. His steady-advance in life is due to his own efforts, honesty and ability. He is universally well liked. In fraternal matters he is a Mason. He has been a school trustee for nine years, is a member of the Security Investment Company of Deer Lodge, is an owner of city realty and has a delightful home. Mr. Eldred married Miss Sadie Harris, a native of Deer Lodge, Montana, a daughter of Henry S. Harris, a pioneer miner and ranch owner. Two children have been born to this union, Irene Rivers Eldred and Ithel Sheldon Eldred, Jr.
The father of the subject of this sketch, Alonzo J. Eldred, was born at Otsego, New York. Later he became a farmer near Climax, Michigan. He died in 1896. The mother was Polly Peckham, who was born at Binghamton, New York. In this family there were nine children: One is deceased; B. A. Eldred is a professional man in New York City; W. H. Eldred, a merchant, Pasadena, California; Allie, now Mrs. Sam Carson, of Fort Lauderdale, in the Everglades of Florida; Eunice, Mrs. N. E. Retallic, of Battle Creek, Michigan; Emma, Mrs. George Steers, Kalamazoo, Michigan; Amy, now Mrs. W. S. Wood, Kalamazoo, Michigan; Inez, Mrs. Sydney Davis, Battle Creek, Michigan; and the subject of this sketch, the sixth child. Mr. Eldred throughout his whole career has proved himself a man of sterling character and has won the confidence and respect of hosts of friends. His business qualifications have been demonstrated in many situations and he has risen from place to place until he has attained a high position in the esteem of all
who know him.
[History of Montana Transcribed and contributed by: Frances Cooley]

Rev. A. R. Coopman
A life of service for mankind and the extension of the beneficent activities and influences of his church over a new country has given Father Coopman a place of special regard in the state of Montana. He began his work here during the territorial period, when churches of all kinds were few in number and struggling for existence. Four or five different parishes and many communities have enjoyed his presence, and all of them retain the impressions and lasting influences of the constructive leadership of this devoted priest of the Catholic church.
     Father Coopman is a native of Belgium, where he was born on the 21st of April, 1863. He was the third in a family of six children, five sons and one daughter, born to Joseph and Theresa (Delbar) Coopman, who were both natives of Flanders. His parents, who died some years ago, were in good circumstances, were well educated and gave their family the advantages of comforts and refinement.
     A. R. Coopman at an early age determined to devote his life to the service of the church. He attended private schools and pursued his academic courses at St. Louis College in Menin, near the French border. He prepared for university at Roulers Seminary, where he was graduated with high honors in 1885. In fitting himself for the church he chose one of the pioneer fields within the scope of the spiritual advance, the remote western American states. Entering the American College at Louvain, he was a student there three years, took his orders, and then in August, 1888, left his homeland for the distant scenes of his labors. On the 13th of September following he arrived in Montana, where for nearly a quarter of a century he has conducted his work.
     The first year was spent in Helena, at the Episcopal residence, from where he gave his attention to the outlying parishes of the diocese, preaching regularly at Bozeman, Livingston, Great Falls and other places. This was a very busy year, during which he became acquainted with the people and the necessities of the church in this region. The enthusiasm of Father Coopman for the spiritual improvement of his people has not been less than his endeavors for the upbuilding of his church in its material facilities, but his record as a business organizer and builder is easier to write and forms a conspicuous series of achievement. In the early years the diocese was greatly in need of church buildings, parochial residences, cemeteries and other properties, and had not means to secure them. During the first year of his labors the foundations for the first Catholic church at Great Falls were laid. In 1889 he was transferred to Bozeman, where he remained
eighteen months, and during that time the house for the priest which had been begun was completed and a parish cemetery obtained, and he also built a church at White Sulphur Springs. After Bozeman he spent six months in Miles City, with Park, Yellowstone, Custer and Dawson counties in his parish, over whose extensive domain he did much pioneer work. At Livingston, his next charge, the foundation of a church had been started, and he collected and paid out ten thousand dollars for the completion of the building, and also built a priest's house. While in that parish he also constructed a church at Red Lodge, and paid a large debt on the church at Billings.
     In January, 1899, Father Coopman took charge of St. Peter's church in Anaconda. At that time the church was unfinished and a debt of four thousand dollars burdened the congregation. Under his leadership the building was completed and the debt discharged, and the church was provided with the finest bell in the state. He was pastor of St. Peter's for two and one-half years, when he was transferred to St. Paul's, and the present rectory was completed in 1902. The following year he erected St. Paul’s parochial school. In numbers, working organization and charitable efficiency, this congregation (St. Paul’s) has become one of the strongest in Montana. Father Coopman has been identified with Anaconda for thirteen years, and the benefits of his character and work have made a better city and people. His energy as a business administrator needs no further comment. Just as substantial though not capable of statistical statement have been his efforts for
the welfare of his people. He is a kindly, beloved pastor, and his broad-mindedness and impartial helpfulness have endeared him to all classes irrespective of creed. In his pastoral service in Montana he has found it necessary to use four languages and he speaks them all fluently. In 1897-90, after more than ten years' absence, he revisited Europe, and at Rome was granted a special audience with the Pope. In 1909 he made another extended tour, which took him to Rome and the Holy Land and other countries about the Mediterranean. He also visited his old home in Belgium.
     Father Coopman is one of the best types of the church's servants. Loyal and devout, an organizer and builder, a comforter to the weak and helpless, he found his work in one of the few remaining fields of America yet practically undeveloped, he accomplished labors the fruits of which will be enjoyed by subsequent generations, and in the era of wonderful developments which mark the past history of Montana his services are worthy of high and lasting commendation.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

 J. C. Adams
, superintendent of the Boston and Montana Mines Department, of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, has for nearly twenty-five years been identified with the mining interests of Montana, and since 1900 has been a resident of Butte, where he is numbered among the city's representative citizens.
     Mr. Adams is a native of Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, and was born July 17, 1867. His father, Edward P. Adams, was born and reared in Maine, but when a young man went to the Hawaiian Islands, where he resided for a period of thirty years, during which time he was prominently identified with the business interests of that city, acting for a number of years as the American consul. He subsequently returned to the United States and passed his remaining years in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where his death occurred. He married Miss Caroline Wright, who died in Honolulu.
     J. C. Adams passed his boyhood days in Honolulu until about the age of eight years, when he was sent to Castine, Maine, there completing his preparation for college. Entering Harvard university, he pursued a special course as a member of the class of 1887. Mr. Adams went to Portland, Oregon, where he was located for about one year, and then came to Montana in 1888, which has ever since been the scene of his activities. His first employment in this state was at the Hope Mine, at Philipsburg, where he remained two years. Subsequently he was for a period of five years connected with the Bi-Metallic Mine near Philipsburg. In 1901, he entered the employ of the Boston & Montana Company as foreman of the Pennsylvania Mine, and in 1904 was appointed general superintendent of the Boston & Montana Mines, in which capacity he has ever since remained. Mr. Adams is one of the best known and most capable men in the mining world of Butte, where his business
experiences have been of a broad and varied character, and his present high position has been earned solely through merit. During the famous underground fight between the Amalgamated and the Heinze Companies, Mr. Adams had charge of the proceedings for his company, in which his skill and ultimate success are a matter of history in Butte.
     In political matters he is a stalwart in the ranks of the Republican party, and while no aspirant for political honors he is one of the party's counselors and advisers in this section of the state. In a fraternal way he is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, while socially he is a member of both the Silver Bow and University Clubs. At Butte, in March, 1898, Mr. Adams was married to Miss Ethlyn Caldwell, who was born and reared in Michigan, and two children have been born to them: Nina, born in 1899, and Jaquelin, born in 1908. Both Mr. and Mrs. Adams are well known in the best social circles of Butte.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]

Charles A. Tuttle
A successful business man and public-spirited citizen, Mr. Charles A. Tuttle has been identified by residence with Anaconda for nearly a quarter of a century. He began his career as a worker for others, and by industry and ability became master of his own circumstances and now for many years has been proprietor of the leading undertaking and livery business in Anaconda.
     Mr. Tuttle was born on the 6th of January, 1860, at Newmarket, New Hampshire. His education was in the public schools, ending in an academy at Northwood, New Hampshire. When he was eighteen years old he became a bookkeeper and accountant for a wholesale clothing house of Newmarket. His connection with this firm continued for eight years at the end of which time he determined to seek his fortune in the western country. In June, 1888, having come out to Montana, he became payroll clerk and accountant for the A. C. M. Company at Anaconda. This was his first experience in Montana, and after two years with this establishment, in August, 1890, he started a business of his own as dealer in hardware and house furnishings. In May, 1900, after ten years as a successful merchant in this line, he sold out and then engaged in the undertaking business. In May, 1909, he bought what was known as the Boyd Livery Barn, and since then has combined the two enterprises
under his own name. His large patronage is due to the thoroughly modern and excellent equipment and a very progressive manner of doing business.
     Mr. Tuttle is a loyal son of his adopted state, and having succeeded himself, believes that here is the best field for others to find prosperity. He takes a keen interest in the welfare and progress of his own community, and has been honored with public responsibilities. For six years he served as chairman of the board of education, and is now closing a six-year term as county commissioner, to which office he was elected in 1906. His politics is Republican. He is the owner of valuable city real estate, both business and residence property. Fraternally he is a Mason, both a Knight Templar and Shriner, was exalted ruler of his lodge of Elks for the year 1909, and is also affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Fraternal Order of Eagles.
     Mr. Tuttle was married in the east on June 10, 1885, to Miss Addie A. Mathes. Mrs. Tuttle, who is also a native of Newmarket, New Hampshire, arrived in Montana on the third anniversary of her wedding. They are the parents of one daughter, Marjorie Tuttle.
     Mr. Tuttle's father now deceased, was a well-known hotel proprietor of Newmarket, New Hampshire, for many years. The mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth C. Doe, was also a native of Newmarket and is now deceased. There were six children in the family, and but three are living, Charles A., Mrs. Elizabeth Hardy of Boston, and Sophia, now the wife of J. B. Edwards, of New York City. 
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by Denise Hansen]


     Havelock G. Coy. A quarter of a century ago Mr. Coy, then a young- man of twenty-one years, came to Anaconda, and without making any particular stir in this vicinity began working for wages. Among his natural endowments and the results of self-training, energy and business ability have been conspicuous, and upon these qualities as a foundation he has developed and prospered until today H. G. Coy is recognized as one of the foremost merchants of Anaconda and the state, His department store is an extensive establishment, carrying builders' and general hardware, paints and household furnishings, vehicles and farm implements, and is the only vehicle supply store in this county.

     Havelock G. Coy was born in New Brunswick. Canada, April 30, 1866. His progenitors, of Scotch-Irish stock, were settlers at Pomfret, Connecticut, in the early part of the eighteenth century. From there, in 1763, about the close of the French and Indian war which brought Canada under the British dominion, his great-grandfather moved with his family to New Brunswick, and they were the first English-speaking people to make permanent settlement on the St. John river. There in 1768 the grandfather was born.

     Mr. Coy’s father and mother died in 1881-82, when he was sixteen years of age, and he then left off his attendance at the public schools and took charge of the home farm, where he lived for five years and supported himself and sister. His sister, Minnie, married Mr. David Coy, and now resides in Toronto, Canada.  After attaining his majority in 1887 Mr. Coy and sister sold the farm, and he then came west and began his career in Anaconda. After working a time as a wageearner, he started a teaming business. His next venture was the opening of a stone quarry, the first one in Deer Lodge county, and for some time he was the only stone contractor in the county. Later, with H. P. Leek, he formed a partnership as contractors and builders, and they constructed the Orphan Asylum, the Normal School, the court house at Dillon, and also built a hotel at Meeteetse, Wyoming, when that town was sixty-five miles distant from the railroad. Other large building enterprises were undertaken by this firm during its existence, which continued from April, 1898 until 1903.

     The firm of Leek & Coy then bought the stores of John Claybaugh and of Young & Dezell at Anaconda, combining them, and from this beginning has been developed the present large and up-to-date hardware, harness, implement and vehicle store in Anaconda. In 1904 Mr. Coy bought out his partner and has since been sole proprietor of the establishment. He is a Republican in political faith, and was appointed in July, 1912, county commissioner of Deer Lodge county, to fill the unexpired term of the late Albert Bourbounierre.

     Mr. Coy has been a member of the Good Templars for the past thirty years, and served as grand chief for two years. His family are active members of the Baptist church. In addition to his business he is owner of valuable city property and of a pleasant home. He was married at Boston in 1801 to Miss Annie M. Edmunds, also of New Brunswick. They have two children : Annie May, who is attending the high school, and Edmond H.

[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders Volume 1 1913- Submitted by Cathy Schultz]




    Hon Theodore Brantly. The Brantly family is of Dutch origin, and the American branch has a history antedating the Revolutionary war in which several doughty Burghers participated. The grandfather of Theodore Brantly was a soldier in the War of 1812, and his son Edwin Theodore, entered the ministry. The latter was born in 1820 at Conacuh, Alabama, and in the course of his life lived in different cities of the south. He preached and carried on his pastoral duties in the Presbyterian church until his death in 1904. All his sons are professors of the faith by which he lived, as well as preached, and one, Erskine Brantly, has followed the same calling and is now living at Antlers, Oklahoma, where he has his present charge.

     The mother of Theodore Brantly was Eliza Brown, daughter of Duncan Brown, a Tennesseean of Scotch descent. The founder of this line of the family was Jacob Little, a captain in the Revolution, who was later advanced to the rank of colonel. He first settled in Robeson, South Carolina.   Eliza Brown was born in 1820, and died in 1853, She was the mother of three sons: Erskine, mentioned above; Theodore; and George, who died in infancy. Her husband, Edwin Theodore Brantly contracted a second marriage in 1856, and there were four sons and two daughters born of this union. Samuel, the eldest of these, became a farmer and died eight years ago in Wilson county, Tennessee; William, the second son, died in infancy; Mary became the wife of E. T. Fleming, of Nashville, Tennessee; William Brantly, an implement dealer in the same city; Edwin D. Brantly, a physician, and Alta Brantly. All reside in Nashville.

     Theodore Brantly, the distinguished member of the Montana bench, was born in Wilson county, Tennessee, on the anniversary of Lincoln's birthday, 1851. Like that great American, received his early education in somewhat primitive schools, but, unlike him, he was born of the stock who regarded every scholar as wealth to the commonwealth, as old John Knox had declared, and who had been used to culture and prestige always. When the boy was older he went to the Southwestern Presbyterian University at Clarksville, Tennessee, and from this school he received his A. B. in 1875. For his legal training he went to Cumberland University, at Lebanon, Tennessee, and in 1881 received his diploma from the legal department of that college. For the following three years he practiced law at Lebanon with J. S. Gribble, the firm being Gribble & Brantly. In 1883 Mr. Brantly gave up the law for a time to accept a position in Lincoln University, at Lincoln, Illinois. Here he had the chair of classical languages, and for four years he taught Latin and Greek. From Lincoln he was called to the College of Montana at Defer Lodge, and was a member of the faculty of that institution from 1887 to 1889. In July of 1888 he was admitted to the Montana bar, on certificate from the state of Tennessee, and in the June of the following year opened his law office in Deer Lodge and practiced there until January 1, 1893.

     In the meantime, Mr. Brantly had been elected district judge of the third judicial district of Montana, and he took the bench, where he served one and a half terms, from 1893 to 1898, inclusive. The occasion of his leaving this office was his election as chief justice of the Supreme court of the state, upon which he succeeded Judge W. Y. Pemberton. On January 1, 1912, Justice Brantly completed his thirteenth year as a member of this dignified judiciary, in which he has served as befits one of its scholarly attainments and lofty personal character.

     Justice Brantly maintains his legal residence in Deer Lodge, and it is there that he has his membership in the Masonic order. He has been grand master of the state of Montana. In Helena, Justice Brantly belongs to the Lambs' Club, and also to the Elks, while he is a Knight of Pythias in Lotus Lodge, No. 14. at Lebanon, Tennessee. His politics are Republican, and his church is that of his father, the Presbyterian.

     While at Lincoln University, Justice Brantly became acquainted with Miss Lois Reat, daughter of James and Sarah Reat, both of Illinois. Four years after settling in Montana, Justice Brantly returned to Lincoln to be married. The wedding occurred on June 9, 1891, and there are three children born to the union. Theodore Lee Brantly was born on December 19, 1892, and is now in Yale University. Lois Brown Brantly is two years her brother's junior, and her birthday is on Christmas eve. She is now attending school at Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. Neill Duncan Brantly was born on July 8, 1896, and is attending the Helena high school. All of the children were born in Deer Lodge.

     Judge Brantly is a representative of all that is best in what we term the characteristic American. His inheritance is one of which any patriotic citizen would be proud, and he has worthily done his part for the country which his fore-fathers helped to win. In the high duty of passing the torch of progress, with its light undimmed, he has not merely done his share, but has given without stint or measure.


[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders Volume 1 1913- Submitted by Cathy Schultz]




     Barney Hogan. By proving himself a man of honesty and integrity and one of the world's industrious workers, Barney Hogan, clerk of the court in Deer Lodge county, Montana, through these admirable traits rose rapidly in the confidence and esteem of the people of Anaconda and Deer Lodge county during but a few years' residence and by them was placed in his present official position of responsibility.

     But his own generation removed from the soil of Erin's Isle, he was born in Calumet, Michigan, June 23, 1876, and has inherited the warm and generous heart and the happy temperament of Irish blood. John Hogan, the father of Barney, was born in Ireland and came to America when a young man, settling in northern Michigan, where he resided many years before his subsequent removal to Montana. He died in 1896, at the age of fifty, and is buried at Helena. Various occupations were followed by him during his years of industrial activity. In Calumet, Michigan, he married Margaret Thornton, who is still living and now
resides in Anaconda. Five children were the issue of this union, as follows: James S-, who is married and resides at Anaconda; Barney, the subject of this review; Mary A. and Agnes M., residing with their mother in Anaconda; and Bartholomew J., who is assisting his brother as deputy clerk of the court.

     Until about eleven years of age Mr. Hogan lived in Calumet, Michigan, and began his education there, completing it, however, in the public schools of Marysvine, Montana, whither the family had removed in 1887. During thirteen years' residence in Marysville a few months were spent as an employee in a mill, but the greater portion of his time as a wage earner was given to the meat and grocery business. About 1900 he came to Anaconda, where the first five years were spent in the employ of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company. Following that, he was engaged in the grocery business here until his election as clerk of the court in January, 1909, which office he has continued to fill in the most acceptable manner to the present time. He is a Democrat and an aggressive politician, ardently devoted to the interests of his party. Fraternally he is united with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Woodmen of the World, and in church membership both he and Mrs. Hogan are affiliated with the Roman Catholic church. He enjoys hunting and fishing and all forms of athletic sports, especially baseball, a game of which seldom has a more enthusiastic spectator than Mr. Hogan. He is intensely loyal to Montana, for he says it is a state which adapts itself to the needs of all classes better than any other in the Union, encourages effort in every way, maintains the highest standard of excellency in its educational institutions, and for business and wage conditions cannot be equalled anywhere.

     On the 23d of February, 1905, at Anaconda, Mr. Hogan was united in marriage to Miss Mary Hagerty, a daughter of Dennis and Mary Hagerty, of Anaconda. Three sons have blessed the union of Mr. and Mrs. Hogan—John B., now in school, and James E. and Bartholomew D., who are not yet of school age.

[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders Volume 1 1913- Submitted by Cathy Schultz]

As an early settler in Anaconda, Montana, and as one of the oldest practitioners of dentistry in that city, Dr. William C. Gutelius is well known there and is a representative of the best citizenship of Montana. He came to Anaconda in 1892, when the city was barely one-tenth of its present size, and, with a faith in its future and in his own ability to achieve a professional success there, decided to make it his permanent home. A score of years has passed since then and he remains today, one of the state's most loyal admirers, for Dr. Gutelius says of it: "After numerous and extended vacations I always return with the feeling that there is no place like Montana where are no annoying features in any way, no embarrassing conditions and no experimental methods. It is my honest opinion that Montana has been a success and is a state in which any one may settle with confidence."
Born July 22, 1868, at Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania, he grew to maturity in the old Keystone state and there received a good education, though one obtained largely through his own efforts. His preliminary studies were pursued in the public schools of Mifflinburg. At the age of twelve he became a wage earner by working in a carriage factory and continued to do so until seventeen years of age, by which time he had mastered the trade and by his aptitude and ability had advanced to the position of foreman of the shop. He earned money and saved it and virtually paid his own way through college. His public school education was supplemented by a course of study in Dickinson seminary at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and when about twenty years of age he began his professional training at Penn College of Dental Surgery at Philadelphia, where at the conclusion of his studies he received the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. In 1892 he came to Montana and located at Anaconda, where he was one of the first to engage in his profession and where he has become firmly established in a large and lucrative practice.
Dr. Gutelius is a son of Jacob Gutelius, who also was born in Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania, and who lived there throughout life, engaged for forty-five years in the carriage business. He died in 1898 when sixty-eight years of age. His wife, who was Miss Mary A. Passmore prior to her marriage, died in 1889 at the age of fifty-six. They were married in Pennsylvania and there became the parents of six children, of whom William C. was fifth in order of birth. The father and mother are interred side by side in the cemetery at Mifflinburg. They were prominent members of the Methodist Episcopal church and were devout Christians.
At Anaconda, Montana, on January 16, 1895, Dr. Gutelius wedded Miss Flora E. Collins, whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Collins, are pioneer settlers of this city. Two sons have blessed this union—Robert, now a high school student at Anaconda, and Joseph, a pupil in the grades.
Dr. Gutelius, who is a Republican in politics and is now chairman of the Deerlodge county Republican central committee, has been zealous in his activity and devotion to party interests but is without political aspirations on his own part and has steadfastly refused to accept office. In the line of his professional interests he affiliates with the Montana State Dental Association of which organization he is now president, and his fraternal associations are with the blue lodge and chapter of the Masonic order. He is also a member of the Anaconda Club. His automobile and the sport of fishing provide him diversion from professional cares and he is always an interested and enthusiastic spectator of boxing contests, sometimes donning the gloves himself.
In every sense Dr. Gutelius has been of the progressive men in a progressive city and state. Such are the men who have made Montana what it is.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]
TED MALONEY has dwelt in Okanogan county since 1897, when he bought a squatter's right to his present place, which is about fourteen miles from Conconully on the Brewster road. He immediately filed a homestead right on the land and went to work to improve it. Since that time he has continued in raising stock and doing general farming constantly. He has a fine farm, all irrigated, and productive land. It is fenced and provided with orchard, house, barn, outbuildings and various other improvements. Mr. Maloney came here with very limited means and by his industry and wise  management of the resources placed in his hands, he has become to be one of the wealthy stockmen of the county. His place bears evidence of thrift and care and his stock is well bred and valuable, while his other property holdings are cared for in the same manner. Ted Maloney was born in Ontario, Canada, on June 6, 1861, the son of Timothy and Betsey (Wylie) Maloney. The children in the family are mentioned as follows, Mrs. Margaret King, Michael, the subject of this article, and Sarah. In 1880 Mr. Maloney came to the United States, locating first in Deadwood, South Dakota, where he did prospecting and mining. Later, he was in Miles City, and then along the line of the Northern Pacific, in the Yellowstone and Gallatin valleys. We next see him in Anaconda, where he was employed in a saw mill, from which place he came to his present location and secured it as stated before. He was the first settler on Salmon creek and has done much to open the country and induce worthy labor in the same line. On July 4, 1892, Mr. Maloney married Miss Grenva M., daughter of William and Mary McClure. To them have been born two children, Sarah E. and Robert W.  [Source: "An illustrated History of Stevens, Ferry, Okanogan, and Chelan Counties in the state of Washington" Western Historical Publishing Company, 1904 - Tr. by Helen Coughlin]

MICHAEL MALONEY is one of the pioneers of Okanogan county and has shown his skill and wisdom in that while he came here with limited means, he has gained a nice property, both in landed estate and in stock. His farm lies about thirteen miles southeast from Conconully, in Spring canyon, and is a good piece of land. It is improved in good shape and shows that the proprietor is no novice in handling an estate and in raising stock. Michael Maloney was born in Ontario, Canada, on December 6, 1859, the son of Timothy and Betsey (Wylie) Maloney, both now deceased. Michael lived on a farm until he was sixteen years old. He then tried his hand at lumbering on the Ottowa river, which occupation he followed four years. He came to Deadwood, South Dakota, in 1879, and there remained for two years mining and prospecting. After that, he went to Miles City, Montana, and then prospected in the Yellowstone valley, worked on the Northern Pacific, later went to the Gallatin river, Montana, then to Anaconda, in that state. It was in 1888 that Mr. Maloney came to Okanogan county. He mined a little during the first two years and he has engaged in prospecting off and on ever since. His brother, Ted, who is mentioned elsewhere in this work, was here for one year previous to the date our subject came. Ted had bought a ranch in Okanogan county previous to Michael's arrival and the brothers owned the place jointly, Michael later buying his brother's interest, and here he has devoted himself to stock raising since. He has the place well improved, but spends most of his time with his brother, since he has not yet left the realms of the jolly bachelor to try the uncertain seas of matrimony. The farm produces an abundance of hay for the stock and is well watered for irrigating purposes. Mr. Maloney's farm is one of the choicest ones of the county and it is handled in a very becoming manner. In addition to his property mentioned, he also has some very promising mining property which bids fair to soon become one of the valuable shippers of the county.  [Source: "An illustrated History of Stevens, Ferry, Okanogan, and Chelan Counties in the state of Washington" Western Historical Publishing Company, 1904 - Tr. by Helen Coughlin]  

ELMER DICKSON MATTS, B. S., LL. B. Born at Paoli, Dane County, Wisconsin, October 1, 1863. Fitted at the Madison high school, and entered U. W. general science course in 1881, graduating four years later. Was a member of Athena, and in 1884 represented her in joint debate. Graduated from V. W. Law School in 1886, and located immediately at St. Paul, where he remained until 1889. He then went to Missoula, Montana, residing there until 1895, when he removed to his present home in Anaconda, Montana. Mr. Matts was a State senator of Montana. 1890-94; a member of the Montana house of representatives, 1897-99; and a delegate to the Democratic national convention of 1896, serving therein as a member of the committee on platform. [Source: The University of Wisconsin: its history and its alumni (1836 – 1900) Edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites -pages 732-736 (1900) submitted by FoFG mz ]

Gen. Charles S. Warren is one of the few survivors of the group of pioneers who made the heroic and constructive period of Montana's early history. For over half a century he has lived on terms of intimacy with miner and prospector, mine operator, capitalist, statesman, has had his share in big constructive movements, and perhaps no one in Montana today is better informed and could describe from his own experience and knowledge the real forces that have shaped and formed the political and industrial fabric of the state. Charles S. Warren was born in sight of the historic Starved Rock near Utica, LaSalle County, Illinois, November 20, 1846, and is of colonial American stock. His mother, Hannah Brown, was born at Germantown, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and she was a member of the Keyser family of Philadelphia of nearly a hundred years ago, and at that time her ancestor, Charles Keyser, was the president of Girard College. Her ancestors came over with William Penn among the early settlers of Philadelphia. She was member of a prominent Quaker family of Pennsylvania. General Warren's father was Sylvanus B. Warren, who was born in Philipstown, a suburb of Peekskill, New York, November 27, 1813. The Warrens were well known throughout New England and New York before the Revolution, and took a prominent part in that struggle for independence. General Warren's ancestors built the first house in the vicinity of Cold Springs, opposite West Point, New York, prior to the Revolution. The Warrens were early settlers in central Illinois, in the Illinois Valley, and Charles S. Warren was reared in practically a pioneer home, but one of substantial New England and Quaker ideals. He was a farmer boy when the Civil war broke out, and served through the war for the Union and had two honorable discharges from the United States army. In 1866 he drove a bull team across the plains to Virginia City, Montana, where he graduated as a bull whacker on August 20, 1866. During the winter of 1867-68 he taught school in Deer Lodge Valley at Hartley's Ranch near the mouth of Dry Cottonwood, about fifteen miles south of Deer Lodge. During the summer he followed placer mining, and for seven years operated in the placer diggings of Alder Gulch, Last Chance, French Gulch, German Gulch, Silver Bow, Butte and elsewhere in Montana. In fact for over half a century he has been more or less closely identified with the mining industry as well as with every other industry that has helped develop the resources and build up the territory and state. General Warren reached Butte November 24, 1866, and spent the following winter at Silver Bow, then the largest town in this part of Montana. In a business way his name has become associated with a number of groups comprising men of power and leadership in the development of the resources of the Northwest. He was one of the incorporators of the Inter Mountain Publishing Company, of the Comanche Mining Company, the Charles S. Warren Realty and Mining Company and numerous other corporations. General Warren has been a republican since he cast his first vote, and while he has never made politics a profession, few politicians have been more frequently honored with the responsibilities and duties of public office. He served as deputy sheriff, under sheriff and sheriff of Deer Lodge County from 1869 to 1875. That county then comprised everything from the Big Hole River on the south to the British possessions on the north, there being only two counties in Montana west of the Rocky Mountains, Deer Lodge and Missoula. He was the first police magistrate of Butte when the city was organized in 1880, and twenty-six years later was again elected police judge of the city. In territorial days he served for five years as clerk of the United States District Court of Silver Bow County, under Hon. William J. Galbraith, presiding judge. General Warren was elected a member of the State Constitutional Convention which met at Helena July 4, 1889, and framed the constitution of the state. Upon roll call he voted aye for woman suffrage, and has never failed to give his support and influence to the political emancipation of women. He was a member of the National Republican Committee four years when Mathew S. Quay was chairman, resulting in the election of Benjamin Harrison to the presidency in 1888. He served as a member of most of the territorial and state conventions for forty-five years, and as presidential elector was appointed to the duty of carrying the Montana vote to Washington and casting it for William H. Taft in 1908. With rank from major to brigadier general, he served on the staffs of J. Schuyler Crosby, Samuel T. Hauser, Preston H. Leslie and B. F. White as territorial governors. He was adjutant of the Montana Battalion during the Nez Perce Indian war of 1877, and raised a company and tendered its services to Governor Potts early in July, 1876, upon receiving news of the Custer massacre, this service being declined by the governor. He was also instrumental in organizing the militia of the Territory of Montana. General Warren helped organize and is past commander of Lincoln Post No. 2, Grand Army of the Republic. The first department commander of the Grand Army of the Republic in Montana was Capt. Thomas P. Fuller, who was succeeded in that office in 1886 by General Warren. The death of Captain Fuller leaves General Warren as the ranking department commander of the Grand Army of the Republic of Montana. He is also a member of the board of managers of the State Soldiers Home at Columbia Falls. General Warren served as president of the Society of Montana Pioneers in 1907-08. He helped organize the Silver Bow Club as a charter member and was president of the club in 1888, being succeeded in that office by F. E. Sargent. Some years ago General Warren was made a life member of the club. He is a past master of Butte Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, a Knight Templar Mason, belongs to the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite and Bagdad Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is a charter member of Butte Lodge of Masons, and served as its secretary for the first six years. He was a charter member and first secretary of Fidelity Lodge No. 8, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, a charter member of Damon Lodge No. 2, Knights of Pythias, a charter member of Silverbow Lodge No. 240, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, but has since severed his active connection with the Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias and Elks. November 15, 1871, General Warren married Mittie Avery. They were married at what was then known as Silver Valley Station, now known as the "Hump," about six miles below Silver Bow and on the road between Butte and Gregson Springs. Mrs. Warren was born at Saco, Maine, September 1, 1854. Their two living children are: Wesley W. Warren, a resident of Sacramento, California; and Mary Warren Murphey, wife of John Milton Murphey, living at 221 North Excelsior Avenue, in Butte.
[Progressive Men on Montana, Volume 1, transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

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