Missoula County, Montana
Genealogy and History

Genealogy Trails - Finding Ancestors wherever their trails led


J. G. Ambrose.

The remarkable development of the west and the growth of so many towns and cities throughout this section of the country during the past few years has afforded opportunity for the profitable employment of all classes of skilled labor, and especially for the prosecution of those lines of business that have directly to do with building and construction work. Among the most successful men in the contracting field in Missoula today is Mr. J. G. Ambrose, whose superior workmanship may be found on many of the best buildings that have been erected in this city the past several years.
Mr. Ambrose came originally from Ohio, and was born in Pickaway county, that state, in September, 1853, the son of L D. and Nancy (Leib) Ambrose. His father was a minister in the United Brethren church and moved with his family to Illinois in 1855. In 1873 he again changed his residence and became a citizen of Missouri, in which state he finally died. Mr. Ambrose had good educational advantages" in his early life and took a finishing course at Avalon College, a "denominational school, located at Avalon, Missouri. Upon the final completion of his studies he immediately learned the carpenter trade and worked at that employment for two years in Illinois. He later went to Missouri and in 1878, while a resident of that state, married Hattie Kapp, who was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Martin and Jane Kapp. Mr. and Mrs. Ambrose became the parents of five children, namely, Jessie, Lynn D., Ethel, Keath and Aileen.
Three years after his marriage Mr. Ambrose removed with his family to Kansas and for the next five years lived upon a ranch which he had purchased for a home. Some of the seasons proved to be very unproductive, however, and crop failures made it necessary for him to work between seasons at his trade. At the end of five years, he disposed of the ranch and went to Missouri again, the immediate reason for his going at that time being the occasion of his parents' golden wedding anniversary.
It was in 1888 that Mr. Ambrose first came to Montana and located at Butte. For eight years thereafter he worked in that city as a contractor and builder in which business he had fine success. Having accumulated some property there in 1896 he decided again to engage in ranching and accordingly traded the Butte property for a tract of land two miles north of Missoula. He lived on the place for a number of years, but ranch life did not prove permanently satisfying, and in 1905 he sold the place and removed his home to Missoula, while he also returned to active business in his old line as contractor and builder, and has ever since successfully operated in that department of industry. He is himself a skilled builder and hires only the most proficient assistants with the inevitable result that his contracts are filled honestly and with the best of satisfaction to those for whom he erects structures. Mr. Ambrose is a public-spirited citizen who takes an active part in promoting the best interests of the community in various important features. He represented the Third ward in the city council until the new form of government became operative, and also he takes a special interest in educational matters and is now serving his second term as a member of the city school board. As a religious worker also he is well known, being an influential member of the Methodist church of which he is a trustee. Mr. Ambrose is in fact a man of broad sympathies and well-rounded interests and stands at all times ready to lend the weight of his influence to whatever enterprise is suggested that tends to develop and up build this city and section in the highest degree and along the most desirable lines His personality is exceedingly agreeable, his honesty and integrity of the most unimpeachable character, and he is a man whom any community might well feel proud to name among its leading citizens.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Walter M. Bickford

Walter Mansur Bickford came to Montana in 1884, a young lawyer, after several years of practice in the East. He at once became prominent in territorial politics, served as a member of the last Territorial Council, was a member of the State Constitutional Convention and of the State Capitol Commission. At the first state election he was an unsuccessful candidate for justice of the Supreme Court of Montana. Mr. Bickford, whose home is at Missoula and for many years practiced with offices at Butte, was born at Newburg, Maine, February 25, 1852. He was educated in the Maine Central Institute at Pittsfield and in 1878 was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar. Judge Bickford enjoys high rank as a corporation lawyer and is vice president of the Missoula Light and Water Company, the Missoula Street Railway Company and the Western Lumber Company. He represented Montana as executive commissioner at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. He is a democrat in politics. October 16, 1878, he married Emma W. Woodford, of Jamestown, New York. She died June 17, 1915, leaving one daughter, Edith M., now the wife of W. L. Murphy, who is associated with Judge Bickford in practice. On September 25. 1916, Judge Bickford married Zelma M. Nash, of Missoula, who died July 1, 1917. [Montana, Its Biography and History, Volume 2. Transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

John J. Buckley

John J. Buckley was born at Delhi, New York, in April, 1853. In this town his father, Horatio M. Buckley, practiced medicine for half a century. He was born in the state of New York, but not in Delhi, where he practiced his profession until his death, but in the town of Unadilla. His mother's native place was Franklin, New York, and her maiden name was Elizabeth Case. Both belonged to families who were well known in the state, and who had served in the war for Independence.
Dr. Buckley was educated in the public schools of Delhi and also in the Delaware Academy in the same town. He early decided to follow the profession in which his father had attained success and honor and studied for this work in Columbia University. In 1878 he graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, connected with that institution. For a short time after this, he practiced with his father in Delhi, but the newer country attracted him, and so he went to St. Paul and opened his office there. He remained here until 1883, when he went to Fargo, North Dakota, and after three years in that city, came to Missoula, as Chief surgeon for the western division of the Northern Pacific Railway, having charge of the line from Billings, Montana, to the coast.
For seventeen years Dr. Buckley was in the employ of the railroad, and then in 1903, he left the railroad service and took up practice for himself. His specialty is surgery, and he also gives a great deal of attention to electrical treatment. He belongs to the American Medical Association, as well as to the State and County Associations. His work for the railway won him wide recognition and he has served as vice-president of the National Association of Railway Surgeons.
The Masonic order has an influential member in Dr. Buckley. He belongs to all the Masonic bodies of Missoula, and to the consistory in Fargo, and he is a thirty-second degree Mason. Politically, he gives his allegiance to the Republican party. Another organization in which the doctor is deeply interested is that of the Sons of the American Revolution.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]

Donald B. Currie.

Noteworthy among the public officials of Missoula county is Donald B. Currie, of Missoula, who rendering able and efficient service as county assessor, a position for which he is amply qualified, he was born, March 24, 1865, in Ontario, Canada, which was likewise the place of birth of his father. Duncan Currie, and the adopted home of his Grandfather Currie, who immigrated to Canada from the highlands of Scotland when a young man. A life-long resident of Canada, Duncan Currie was a prominent contractor, and built a number of lighthouses for the Dominion government. His wife, whose maiden name was Mary Falconer, was born on Prince Edward Island.
Educated in the Canadian public schools, and at a business college in Chatham, Michigan, Mr. Currie began his business career as a merchant in Canada, remaining there until 1888. His health becoming somewhat impaired, he came in that year to Montana, locating at Helena, where he sought outdoor employment, and at the building of the Helena smelter worked in the mechanical department. Coming from there to Missoula in 1892, Mr. Currie was for eleven years in the employ of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, for seven years of the time being cashier. Going then to Taft, he was timekeeper at the tunnel for a year, after which he was for several months connected with the Missoula Herald, one of the leading newspapers of Missoula county. In 1909 he was elected county assessor and on November 5, 1912, he was re-elected to the office of assessor of Missoula county by 900 plurality. He has since devoted his attention to the duties devolving upon him in a highly satisfactory manner, being a modest, painstaking, efficient and obliging official.
Mr. Currie married in March, 1895, Agnes Kirk, who was born in Mason City, Iowa. She passed to the higher life July 1, 1905, leaving four children, namely: James, Mamie, Rosalie and Genevieve. Fraternally Mr. Currie belongs to the Knights of Columbus, and to the Order of Foresters.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Sanford Daigle.

A business man of prominence and influence at Dixon, Montana, is Sanford Daigle. who is here engaged in the blacksmith and wagon making business, being the owner and operator of a finely equipped shop, in which he spends his working hours. Mr. Daigle has traveled throughout the west and declares Montana is the one best state in this section of the country.
A native of Maine, Sanford Daigle was born in Restock county, that state, July 13, 1867, and he is a son of Richard and Flora (Bulger) Daigle, both of whom were born and reared in Maine, where was solemnized their marriage and where they still reside. Mr. Daigle is engaged in the lumber business and in his younger days he was a great traveler, having toured the west and Montana in 1882. Mr. and Mrs. Daigle became the parents of eight children, of whom Sanford was the fifth child and youngest son.
Sanford Daigle was reared to the age of eighteen years in his native county in Maine, where his educational training consisted of such advantages as were offered in the district schools. In 1885 he came to Montana, locating in Missoula, where he was engaged in the lumber business for three years, at the expiration of which he went to Butte, where he resided for the ensuing five years and where he learned the trades of machinist and blacksmith. In 1893 he went to Choteati and there opened a blacksmith shop, which he conducted for two years. He then went to British Columbia, where he followed blacksmithing for seven years and whence he went to Republic, Washington, there engaging in the same line of enterprise for the next two years. In 1903 he took up a government homestead in Washington and subsequently engaged in business at Loomis, that state. One year later he went to Wallace, Idaho, where he followed mining for three years and he then returned to dear old Montana, settling at Dixon and engaging in the blacksmith and wagon making business here in March, 1911. Mr. Daigle says : "I have traveled in many places and came back to Montana the second time more fully convinced that it beats them all. This is my permanent home from now on."
In politics Mr. Daigle is a stalwart Republican but he does not participate actively in public affairs. He is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in which he has passed the various official chairs, and Mrs. Daigle is a valued member of the Daughters of the Rebekah. He is very fond of hunting and fishing and Mrs. Daigle says he will miss his meals, sleep and all else in order to go fishing. He is likewise fond of horses and driving and both he and his wife are greatly interested in music, reading and theatricals. Mr. Daigle earned his first money as a boy digging potatoes back in Maine. He earned fifty cents a day and with his savings purchased his first ready-made suit.
At Colville, Washington, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Daigle to Mrs. Susan Scrafford, of British Columbia. The wedding occurred October 22, 1895. Mrs. Daigle's father was Medders Vanderpool, an old western pioneer, who crossed the plains and came to Flathead lake in 1830. Later he returned to his native state of North Carolina but in 1846 came again to the golden west, going as far as Oregon, where he resided during the rest of his life. He died in 1896, at the patriarchal age of ninety-eight years. Mr. and Mrs. Daigle have no children. Mr. Daigle is a communicant of the Catholic church, while Mrs. Daigle is a Protestant. They are popular and highly respected citizens in Dixon, where they are beloved by all with whom they have come in contact.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders Volume 3 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Iullus G. Denny.
A native son of the west who has attained to secure status as one of the representative members of the bar of Montana is Iullus Greenleaf Denny, who is engaged in the practice of his profession in the city of Butte and who is one of the leading and influential members of the bar of the thriving metropolis of the state. He has been prominent in connection with political and general civic affairs in Montana, and prior to establishing his residence in Butte had served as prosecuting attorney of Missoula county. Progressive and public-spirited, he has identified himself loyally with measures and enterprises tending to advance the material and civic welfare of his home state, and his unqualified popularity shows that he has fully measured up to the decisive metewand of public approbation.

Mr. Denny was born at Bethel, Polk county, Oregon, on the 19th of February, 1859, and this date in itself signified that his parents were numbered among the pioneers of that now opulent commonwealth of the Union. He is a son of Aaron and Almira (King) Denny, whose marriage was solemnized in the state of Indiana, on the 10th of April, 1850, and who soon afterward set forth on the long and hazardous journey across the plains to the Pacific coast. The trip was made with ox teams and they endured the full tension of perils and vicissitudes which attended such pioneer immigration. Upon their arrival in Oregon they entered claim to a half-section of government land in Multnomah county, near the site of the present city of Portland,. which was then a mere hamlet in the wilderness. Later they removed to Polk county and established their home near Bethel, where they continued to reside until 1877, when they came to Benton county, in the same state, where the father became prominently identified with lumbering operations, in connection with which he not only built and put in operation a saw mill but also built several schooners, which he utilized in his lumbering enterprises. Aaron Denny finally returned to his former homestead in Polk county and there he continued to reside until his death, which occurred in 1901. He was a man of sterling character and marked business ability, and was one who aided materially in the development and progress of the state of which he was an honored pioneer. His wife was summoned to eternal rest on the 13th of July, 1892, in her sixty-fourth year, and her memory is revered by all who came within the sphere of her gentle and gracious influence. She bore with fortitude the hardships of pioneer life, was her husband's true companion and help meet and was a devoted and self-abnegating mother. While the family were making the journey across the plains to the new home she stood guard, with a Kentucky rifle, to avert attack by the Indians while her husband was securing much needed sleep. She was a woman of noble and heroic mould and her name merits enduring place on the roll of the brave and gentle pioneer women who did well their part in connection with the upbuilding of one of the great commonwealths of the federal Union. She was born in Indiana, in 1828, and was a daughter of John King, a native of Tennessee and a pioneer of the old Hoosier State. One of her brother, John B. King, became one of the prominent members of the bar of the state of Missouri and was the author of several valuable treatises on federal law. Aaron and Almira (King) Denny became the parents of seven children, all sons, and six of the number were reared to manhood. Iullus G. Denny of this review was the fifth in order of birth and is one of five now living.

Iullus G. Denny was reared to the sturdy discipline of the pioneer farm and his early educational advantages were those afforded in the public schools in the village of Bethel. Oregon. In 1877 he applied for a cadetship in the United States Military Academy, at West Point, and in the competitive examination he secured the appointment, but unforeseen circumstances prevented his acceptance of the coveted position. In the following year he was matriculated in the University of Oregon, where he remained a student for one year. He then devoted a year to the reading of law in the offices of the firm of Daly & Buttler at Dallas, Oregon, and after gaining excellent preliminary discipline under such effective preceptership he entered the law department of Willamette University, at Salem, Oregon, in which he was graduated with the highest honors of his class, that of 1888, and from which he received his well-earned degree of Bachelor of Laws. On the 12th of September of the same year he was admitted to the bar of his native state, and in preparing to initiate the active work of his chosen profession he decided to establish his residence in Montana. He remained for a time at Grantsdale, Ravalli county, this state, and in the latter part of 1888 he established his home in Missoula, the judicial center of the county of that name. There he entered vigorously upon the practice of his profession, in which his novitiate was of brief duration, as he soon effectually proved his powers and gained reputation as a strong and versatile trial lawyer and well fortified counselor. He gained a substantial and lucrative practice in Missoula county and his professional services eventually found requisition in important legal work outside of that county. In the year following his location in Missoula he was made the Democratic nominee for prosecuting attorney of the county, and his defeat was compassed by two hundred votes, owing to normal political exigencies. The successful Republican candidate was Frederick C. Webster. At the next election Mr. Denny was again made the candidate of his party for the same office, and the strong hold he had in the meanwhile gained upon popular confidence and esteem was significantly shown by his being elected prosecuting attorney by a majority of six hundred votes. He proved a most careful and efficient public prosecutor and his administration in this office has passed upon record as one of the most admirable in the history of Missoula county.

Soon after establishing his home in Missoula Mr. Denny became a member of the law firm of Stephens, Matts & Denny, in which his associates were Judge William J. Stephens and Hon. Elmer Matts. He remained a member of this strong and representative law firm for several years, during which he won marked success and prestige and was retained in nearly every criminal case of importance in the county, —usually by the defense until he was elected prosecuting attorney, after which his services were of course enlisted in the prosecution. He has a high reputation as a criminal lawyer and has been identified with many of the important cases of the criminal code in the state which has been the stage of his professional endeavors from the start to the present time. In 1893 Mr. Denny formed a professional alliance with Joseph M. Dixon, under the title of Denny & Dixon, and this effective association continued until his removal from Missoula to Butte. He has been established in the practice of his profession in the Montana metropolis since 1888, and his reputation in his chosen vocation is statewide. He has been concerned in much of the important litigation in the state and federal courts of Montana and has been specially prominent as a criminal lawyer, as has already been stated. He has been one of the leaders in the councils of the Democratic party in this state and has rendered yeoman service in the various political campaigns, in which connection he is known as a most effective stump speaker and also as an enthusiastic and successful worker in the manoeuvrings of political forces. He has several times been a candidate before the convention for the nomination of his party for representative of the state in congress. Mr. Denny has made judicious investments in Montana .real estate, including city property in Butte, and he is also interested in mining operations of important order. He is fully alive to the manifold resources and advantages of the state of his adoption and is one of Montana's most loyal and progressive citizens.

On the 12th of February, 1892, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Denny to Miss Beatrice T. Reynolds, who was born in the state of Iowa and who was a daughter of John Reynolds, a pioneer of Montana. Mrs. Denny was summoned to the life eternal on the 6th of January, 1906, secure in the affectionate regard of all who knew her, and she is survived by two children.—Robert M„ who was born November 20, 1892, attended the public schools of Missoula and Butte; and Thomas R., who was born July 12, 1894, and who is a student in the University of Montana, at Missoula.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Joseph Moore Dixon.
The present Governor of Montana was elected at the 1920 election to serve for the term beginning January 3, 1921, and ending January 1, 1925. While his home and interests as a lawyer have been at Missoula for more than a quarter of a century, Joseph Moore Dixon is a really national figure not only on account of his service in the United States House of Representatives and Senate, but more particularly because he was called, on account of his demonstrated qualifications, by Theodore Roosevelt to lead the progressive party in the national campaign of 1912. Governor Dixon was born at Snow Camp, Alamance County, North Carolina, July 31, 1867, a son of Hugh W. and Flora (Murchison) Dixon. His people were Friends or Quakers. After attending common schools he was sent to the leading Quaker institution of higher learning in the Middle West, Earlham College at Richmond, Indiana. Later he was schooled in Guilford College, North Carolina, where he graduated in 1889, with his A. B. degree. Mr. Dixon came to Missoula in 1891. During the following year he studied in the law office of Woody & Webster, and was admitted to the bar in 1892. He practiced in partnership with I. G. Denny until 1894, when he was elected county attorney, having previously served as assistant prosecuting attorney. He filled that office from 1895 to 1897. In 1900 he was elected to represent Missoula County in the Legislature and his abilities as a lawyer and legislator and his influence with a great mass of the republican voters soon brought him to leadership in cementing the factions of the republican party in Montana. In 1902 he received a substantial majority in the election for congressman-at-large to the Fifty-eighth Congress, taking his seat in 1903. In 1904 he was reelected by a still larger majority. His leadership at home and his work in the Congress those four years made him the logical candidate to succeed W. A. Clark in the United States Senate. Mr. Dixon's term as United States senator was from 1907 to 1913. In 1912 the late Colonel Roosevelt selected him as chairman of the Progressive National Committee, and he was largely instrumental in organizing and rolling up the immense popular vote credited to the progressive candidates of that year. In 1900 Mr. Dixon acquired and reorganized the Daily Missoulian, one of the oldest and influential republican daily newspapers of the state. On his retirement from the Senate, in 1913, he assumed editorial control of the newspaper in person and continued as such until he disposed of the same in 1917. Governor Dixon has always been a stalwart republican with progressive tendencies. He was delegate-at-large to the national conventions of 1904 and 1916. March 12, 1896, Mr. Dixon married Carrie M. Worden of Missoula, daughter of Frank L. Worden, one of the founders of Missoula. They have an interesting family of six daughters. [Progressive Men of Montana, Volume 1. Transcribed by Vicki Bryan]
John Doll
John Doll has been a resident of Montana since 1886 and has been identified with the blacksmith and wagon making business in the state since that time. Since 1888 he has been the proprietor of a shop of his own in Missoula, and in the passing years he has built up an extensive and lucrative business. He is an expert wagon-maker, having been apprenticed to the trade in his young manhood, and he learned his trade from beginning to end. The establishment which he conducts today is second to none in the state in its equipment and in the class of work it produces.
Born in Germany, February 23, 1863, John Doll is the son of Stephen and Luzia (Schoanberg) Doll. The father was born and reared in Germany and there passed his entire life. He was a blacksmith and farmer and was comparatively well-to-do. He died in 1890 at the age of seventy-three, and is survived by his widow. John Doll, the subject of this review, was the only one of the family to come to America. As a boy in the Fatherland he attended school in his early years, and he also learned the finishing work in the stone cutting trade. When he was thirteen years of age he was earning about $2.00 per week, which he always turned over to his parents. In addition to this work he helped his father about the farm and in the shop, and on the whole led a useful and busy life. When he was nineteen years old he came to America, settling first in Minnesota. It was there he learned the blacksmith trade. For three years he was apprenticed to one Gerhard Richter, receiving for his labors the first year $75.00; the second year, $125.00; the third year he received $20.00 a month, and at the end of that year he left Minneapolis and went to Spokane, Washington. There he secured employment at his trade in the construction department of the new railroad then being built from Marshall Junction to the Palouse country. He worked with this firm for several months and in 1886 came to Montana, where he has continued ever since without a break. Mr. Doll first settled at Thompson Falls in Sanders county, and there he was employed at his trade for about one year. He then came to Missoula and after a few months work on a salary basis he resolved to try his fortunes in the business in which he had been so well trained, and which seemed to offer such an opportunity to a capable man in Missoula. Thus was launched the present business which John Doll so ably conducts. He started on a small scale, as befitting his German caution and wisdom, but as the town reached out. the blacksmith shop and wagon factory has broadened perceptibly, until today it is one of the finest establishments of its kind in the state. It is thoroughly equipped with the most modern machinery, and is in every detail qualified to properly handle the splendid trade it has drawn to itself.
Mr. Doll is fitly recognized as one of the solid men of Missoula today, and his judgment is accorded generous credence in business circles of the city. He is a Republican, although he takes no active part in political matters. His interest is not extended to the intricacies of machine politics, but he fulfills his duty as an honest citizen by voting at the proper times.
Mr. Doll is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and of the Woodmen of the World; at one time he was council commander in the Woodmen. He is a man of quiet tastes, and he finds the greatest pleasures in life in the successful conduct of his business and in the maintenance of his home. He is fond of music, and the expression of that art is encouraged in that home.
On March 6, 1901, Mr. Doll was united in marriage with Miss Cora M. Lincoln, daughter of Lemuel and Jennie T. Lincoln of Missoula. Two daughters were born to them, Jennie May, deceased, and Cora Winona.
The family home is at 610 West Spruce street, while his place of business is located at 221 West Cedar Street.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]

David W. Erickson

The business element of Missoula, Montana, is recruited from all parts of the world and some of the most substantial and intelligent citizens who are among the most influential factors of both public and private activity are men of foreign parentage and birth. One of the adopted citizens of this community who belongs in this classification is Mr. David W. Erickson, born in Sweden, August 8, 1866, his father, Erick Johnson, still living in that country. His mother was before her marriage, Marie Swanson.
Mr. Erickson was reared and educated in his native land and there learned the trade of carpenter and cabinetmaker, his term of apprenticeship to' this trade extending over four years. He worked for a period at his trade in Sweden, the last year in an organ factory, then deeming himself a fully competent and experienced worker, came to the United States to seek his fortune. He arrived at Red Wing, Minnesota, in the spring of 1886, and after working a year there went to St. Paul, where he was employed at his trade until 1891, when he decided to go further west, and finally located at Missoula, where he has ever since resided.
For several years after his arrival here Mr. Erickson worked at his trade, at times taking independent contracts for the erection of buildings and had such success in his work that he ultimately decided to go into business for himself exclusively as a contractor. This he did in 1906. The decision proved to be a wise one for he had established a splendid reputation as an honest, conscientious and competent worker and business man and builders were glad to award him their contracts. Within two years his business had grown to such large proportions as to require increased facilities and workroom, and he accordingly built and equipped his present fine shop. Among the numerous fine buildings in Missoula which he has erected may be mentioned the county high school as a typical example.
While devoting his time diligently to the prosecution of his private business Mr. Erickson is also mindful of his duty as a high-minded citizen and takes much interest in public affairs. The confidence which his immediate neighbors and associates have in his ability and honesty was convincingly shown when they elected him to represent the Fourth ward on the city council for two years. Although a Republican in national politics he believes in men rather than measures and exercises worthy independence in his decisions and actions in other matters as well as political affairs. His fraternal affiliations are with the Knights of the Macabees and Royal Highlanders orders.
The marriage of Mr. Erickson to Miss Ellen Erickson occurred in Missoula, in 1896, and they have six children, Marie, David, Evelyn, Hilma, Frank and Robert. Mrs. Erickson, like her husband is of Swedish nativity.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

A. J. Gibson

A. J. Gibson, one of the pioneer residents of Missoula, was born in Ohio. He was born on a farm two miles from Savannah, in Ashland county, Ohio, on April 1, 1862. A few months' schooling in the country school house each winter was the extent of his educational advantages. But he had what the schools cannot give and that is common sense, an unfailing sense of humor and tireless industry. Added to this was an ambition to succeed. From the first it was easy to see what his life work was to be. He was never happier than when working out some mechanical problem. The harder it was to solve the better it suited him.
Between Sam Seymour, a neighbor, and Albert Gibson, as he was called, there sprung up a warm friendship. The fact that Seymour was an old man and Albert a boy did not in any way interfere with the warmth of their regard for each other. To Sam Seymour Albert took his knotty problems and together they worked them out. Albert had what amounted to almost a genius for the use of tools, but the problem that had to be solved was how to obtain the tools. They say that we do not value the possessions that we obtain without effort. If this is so, Mr. Gibson should greatly value what he has acquired, for it has come by the hardest kind of work. As an instance, he secured his first tools by trapping mink, weasels and musk-rats, and selling their pelts to get money with which to buy the tools. That he made good use of them is evidenced by the fact that before he was eighteen the neighbors were invited to the Gibson farm to a barn raising. Every log, every timber, every part of the barn went to the place designed, and fitted accurately and every bit of the work was planned and done by an eighteen-year old boy.
When Mr Gibson was twenty-one years old, his father died. The other boys stayed on the farm and Albert struck out for himself. He went to Butte, Montana, to work for an old-time friend, H. M. Patterson. After five years spent at Butte, he decided to go into business for himself. Looking over the field, he picked Missoula for a winner. In those days it was a village. Today it is a metropolitan city. He and another ambitious young carpenter became partners, under the firm name of Selander & Gibson.
Some time later Bob Mentrum and A. J. Gibson became partners. They say that poets are born and not made. It must be so with architects, for from building from someone else's plans Mr. Gibson soon began preparing his own plans. He took up the study of architecture and before long he was securing the- most important contracts. One of his first large jobs was St. Patrick's Hospital. To drive over Missoula is to see on every hand evidence of his skill and ability. He built the high school, the Hawthorne School, the Sacred Heart Academy, the Harnois Theater, all of the University and Montana buildings, and innumerable others.
It is said that no better building, for the money, and no building more complete and up-to-date has ever been built in the West than the court house, built in Missoula from Mr. Gibson's plans, and under his supervision.
When Mr. Gibson first settled in Missoula, he saw the possibilities of the town, and as soon as he was able to do so he began purchasing business lots. When he put up the handsome brick block, the Gibson Block, his fellow townsmen smiled at his folly, but today the Gibson Block is in the heart of the town on Missoula's busiest corner. Besides this Mr. Gibson owns other important revenue producing property.
In 1909 he retired and since that time has devoted his time to a personal investigation of the roads of the United States and Canada. He is an enthusiastic advocate of "good roads," and his wife shares his fondness for "across the continent" trips in their automobile. They were among the first from Missoula to drive their car across the country to New York City.
In 1911 they made a trip through Canada going by the Crows Nest route. In 1912 they toured California, coming home through Nevada, Utah and Montana.
Mr. Gibson was married on January 30, 1889, to Maud Lockley, the daughter of Frederic Lockley, a veteran of the Civil war, and a pioneer newspaper man. He was editor of the Salt Lake Tribune from 1872 to 1879 and was the first editor of the Butte Inter-Mountain.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Elmer E. Hershey
When Peter Hershey was nineteen years of age, his parents, with their family moved from New York state to Ohio where Mr. Hershey continued his practice of medicine. His father and his father's father before him had devoted their entire to the medical profession and it did not occur to him to consult the tastes of his young son before beginning his professional studies. Like most men of his generation, he believed that the choice of career for the son was a matter for the cool judgment and mature years of the father to pass upon. To him there was but one choice for a Hershey. Peter, therefore, was sent to medical college at once, upon their arrival in Ohio. Perhaps he inherited his tastes from his mother's family, but be that as it may, the medical profession never appealed to him. He longed for the open country and the outdoor life. As soon as he was free to do for himself he forsock his enforced profession and procured a small farm. He married Elizabeth Bruner, an Ohio girl with tastes similar to his own and together they enjoyed the unhampered life of the county. To them, in April, 1862, was born a son Elmer E. Hershey. The birth of the son in this memorable April probably accounts for Peter Hershey's feeling that the duty to his family came before the duty to his state.

His father and his wife's father had both been soldiers in the War of 1812. The soldier blood in him must have often cried out that he too go to the front yet he remained at the side of the young mother and the infant son. When the war was at an end, Elmer was sent to the public schools of Ada, Ohio and later to the Ohio Normal School. From this institution, in 1884, he received a degree of civil engineering and three years later the degree of M. S. was conferred upon him. Perhaps, once again, the son was influenced by the taste of the father for Elmer Hershey has never put to a practical test, his civil engineering. After graduating in Ohio, he taught for two years in that state and then went to Montana, teaching for several years in the Bitter Root valley at Stevensville and Skalkaho.

While still teaching he began the practice of law in the justice court. Often, too, he helped other attorneys in the preparation of their cases for the district court. He had, at last, found the profession for which his taste and ability called him. If, as it has been said, an attorney's liking for the law may be measured by his success, Mr. Hershey must be indeed devoted to his profession. During the years of his irregular practice— he was not formally admitted to the bar until 1891—he was most successful. It has been told concerning him, that when, without any special training, he tried his first forty-one cases, there were forty-one verdicts in his favor. He, however, adds that after being admitted to the bar, he lost the next forty-two. There is nothing more uncertain than the uncertainties of the law.

In 1889, Mr. Hershey entered the office of Judge Bickford at Missoula. His legal work was slightly interrupted in 1895 and '96 during which time he served a term in the Montana legislature. He remained, however, in the office of Judge Bickford until '98 when the judge left Missoula for Butte. At this time he entered the land office as register which position he held for four years. Since the expiration of this term he has practiced law without interruption. His practice, at present, is not of a general nature as he is legal representative of the A. C. M. Company which leaves him little time for outside clients.

While still a struggling young attorney in Judge Bickford's office Mr. Hershey was married to Miss Belle Catlin, a daughter of Major J. B. Catlin and a native of the beautiful Bitter Root valley. Of the union two daughters were born. Elizabeth, the oldest came in the spring of '96 while Alice was born on Nov. 22, 1901. Both daughters are attending the Missoula schools.

Mr. and Mrs. Hershey are active members of the Christian church. For more than eleven years he has been one of the leading elders of the church. Since the increase of his professional business, he has found little time for political activity. He is prominent but not active in his Masonic lodge circles and has never cared to unite with other secret orders.
A prominent corporation, attorney, a leader in his church and a Republican high in the party councils, leaves him little time for other interests aside from his home and family.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Christopher P Higgins
Born: March 16, 1830 in Ireland. Parents were Christopher and Mary Higgins.
Married: Juliet P Grant on March 30, 1863. Juliet was the daughter of Missoula pioneer Richard Grant (Grant Creek area) C P and Julia had nine children.
Died: October 14, 1889 at age 59 after a fall between his home and his new bank construction site.

1848 - At age 18, he came to the United States and went immediately west. He enlisted in the army to defend his new found home.

1853 - At age 23, he joined Governor Stephens, the famous Indian fighter of the northwest. Under Governor Stephens, C P Higgins assisted in the original survey of the Northern Pacific. In 1855 the treaty was drawn up with the Nez Perce Indians. This treaty led to the final peace covenant with the Flat Heads and the Pend d’Oreilles. Crossing a swollen river in 1855 on a raft, C P Higgins saved the life of Governor Stevens by jumping into the river, swimming to shore, and securing the raft to a tree. The following year in 1856, the party went to Fort Benton, where they negotiated with the Blackfoot Indians. Their mission completed, the company disbanded at Olympia, Washington.

1856 – He was commissioned as a captain in the Army and charged to carry on his work of subduing the Indians. For four years more he served his country, two years of which he was acting as government agent in Walla Walla, Washington.

1860 - C P Higgins resumed his life as a civilian and purchased Mr. Isaac’s interest in the mercantile business of Wooden & Isaacs in Walla Walla, Washington. Loading his share of the merchandise on the backs of 75 pack animals, he went through Hell Gate Canyon and set up in business with a partner, Francis L Worden. The hired clerk was Frank Woody . They established the first settlement in the Missoula area at the Hellgate Trading Post (located on Mullan Road today).

1865 - He erected one of the areas first lumber and flouring mills on the river (located about where the Holiday Inn is today).

1870 - He built the Higgins-Worden block (Higgins Ave downtown block today).

Commissions - One of Missoula counties original county commissioners, a member of Montana’s first Territorial Legislature, an incorporator of the Montana Historical Society, one of the founders and first president of the First National Bank of Missoula, commissioned a city block in downtown Missoula, member of the Masonic fraternity. In politics, he was a Democrat. In church, a more ‘modern’ Catholic – with a high regard and reverence for the essential ethics of the church, yet tolerant in his judgement of his fellow man, and generously charitable.

Passion for raising cattle and horses. He had large real estate holdings throughout Missoula, Portland, and Seattle. He donated 20 acres for the construction of the University of Montana.

University area streets named after the children of C P Higgins: Francis, Maurice, Arthur, Helen, Hilda, Ronald, and Gerald.

Oliver P. Jackson
Oliver P. Jackson, one of the proprietors of the Missoula Iron Works, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mr. Jackson is the son of Thomas Jefferson and Caroline (Brodgen) Jackson, both natives of Pennsylvania, and there both passed their lives. The father, who was a glass worker in his life work, died in 1868 at the age of fifty-one, and his widow survived him until 1898, having reached the age of eighty-two. They are resting side by side in the old Pennsylvania cemetery in the town where they lived so many years. Three children were born to this couple, of which number Oliver P. Jackson was the second born, and he is the only one of the three now living.
As boy and youth Mr. Jackson attended the public schools of Pittsburgh. He earned his first money selling papers in the streets of that city after school hours, beginning when he was ten years old. When he was seventeen years old he began a four year apprenticeship at the pattern maker's trade, his weekly wage for the first year being $5.00. After completing his apprenticeship he continued working at his trade in Pittsburgh until he came west when he was about thirty years old. Before settling in Montana, Mr. Jackson did a considerable traveling through several of the eastern and western states, working at his trade whenever he stopped for any length of time, and when he finally reached Montana, he decided that he had found the place where he might remain in contentment. He has been a resident of the state since 1888. and with the exception of a short period which he passed in the Bitter Root country where he was in the mining and ranching business, he has spent all the intervening years in Missoula. The first few years of his residence here he was engaged in general contracting, house moving being his specialty. In 1890, with H. D. Fisher as a partner, he established the Missoula Iron Works, but in a short time Mr. Fisher retired, since which time Mr. Jackson has been the sole proprietor of the business. Although the beginning was a small one, the growth was constant and rapid, and in 1907 it became necessary to have other and larger quarters to meet the demands of the rapidly extending business, and he accordingly erected his present magnificent plant, which consists of three large brick buildings. One is used as a machine shop, another as a pattern and blacksmith shop, while the third is used as a foundry. All three are equipped with modern machinery and every department is conducted in the most approved method. The firm does an extensive business in western Montana and eastern and northern Idaho, and is ever gaining prestige within the circles affected by this industry. The Missoula Iron Works, which gives employment to a goodly number of skilled workmen and is known as one of the large industrial enterprises of the city, is now a stock company. O. P. Jackson being the secretary and treasurer; C. Moxley, president; and George Hepworth, vice president.
Mr. Jackson is an adherent to principles of Republicanism, but takes no unduly active part in the politics of his city and county. At one time he served on the Missoula board of aldermen, where his services to the city were of a nature consistent with the high character of the man. Mr. Jackson does not affiliate with any church in particular, but attends all of them with more or less regularity, and finds good in all denominations. He is a man of stirring energy and ambition, and these qualities, combined with his courage and fixity of purpose and his sterling worth as a man, have been the predominant factors in the large and worthy success he has been and still is the possessor of.
Mr. Jackson has been twice married. He maintains a home at the corner of Cowper and Sherwood Streets, while his business address is at the corner of Alder and Bitter Root tracks.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Harry C. Keith
Success in any of the pursuits of life usually challenges the admiration of the world. It matters not whether in the profession of law, medicine or literature, or in the theological domain, in the military or civil life, or mercantile pursuits, it is the one distinguishing and distinctive characteristic of all business transactions. In the commercial world alone Harry C. Keith, in his sphere of labor and activity, has distinguished himself as an active, energetic business man, and has demonstrated the fact that to a man of merit belongs the full measure of success and worldly prosperity. Mr. Keith, who is president of the First National Bank of Kalispell, and vice-president and manager of the Kalispell Mercantile Company, is one of the best known figures in business circles of Montana He was born in the province of New Brunswick-January 9. 1863, and is a son of Lewis and Rebecca ( Lakney) Keith. He was reared on his father's farm gaming the benefit of a country school education, until he was sixteen years old, when he took a three-months business course at a commercial college at St John New Brunswick. He then commenced clerking in J S Trites & Company's general store at Sussex, remained there eighteen months, then attended commercial college for three months, and subsequently took a clerkship in a store at Upper Corners, Sussex, New Brunswick, the firm being W. J. Mills & Company, a branch store of George H. White & Company. After a time this was discontinued and Mr. Keith returned to Lower Sussex to clerk in their store, where he continued until the spring of 1887, when he came to Missoula, Montana arriving there in April. From there he soon went to Stevensville, to take charge of the mercantile interests of the Missoula Mercantile Company at that point. He was later sent to open a branch store at Victor and was there for eighteen months, when, returning to Missoula he became the treasurer of the company. In 1890 the Missoula Mercantile Company purchased the large business establishment of T. J. Demers at Demersville on the Flathead river, and Mr. Keith was placed in charge. At that time a historian wrote: "The unparalleled success of the Missoula Mercantile Company (their business for the last year amounting to nearly $2,000,000) illustrates what capital and push can accomplish. The firm is a close corporation, with headquarters at Missoula, and branch establishments placed in the best agricultural section of western Montana. Their extraordinary facilities have had much to do assisting and increasing their exceedingly large business. In less than three years the Demersville store has built up a larger and more extensive trade than any other in all Montana. Under the management of Mr. H. C. Keith this branch institution promises to out," row the parent house ere a decade passes away. Mr Keith is a young gentleman well and thoroughly drilled business, of recognized business sagacity and probity and large capabilities. He controls the entire business of the various Flathead concerns owned by the firm of which he is assistant treasurer." This store was moved to Kalispell in 1893, the business here being at first confined to hardware and implements, and one clerk being employed. In 1898 was erected a grain elevator with a capacity of 40,000 bushels, run by a gasoline engine of twelve horse-power. Groceries were added in March of that year, and fifteen clerks were hired, and the business has so increased that the working force now amounts to a small army of men. On February 20. 1911, the name of the firm was changed to the Kalispell Mercantile Company, and the business incorporated, Mr. Keith becoming vice-president and general manager, while C. H. McLeod is president. The trade of the firm extends along the line of the Great Northern from Bonner's Ferry on the west to Havre on the east, a distance of 370 miles, north to the international boundary, and northwest to Tobacco Plains, ninety miles. Extensive shipments are also made to Butte. The business is by far the largest in western Montana, if not in the entire state.
Mr. Keith is a Republican in politics, and a Baptist in his religious belief. He belongs to Kalispell Lodge No. 42, A. F. & A. M., and was made a Knight of Pythias' in Laurel Lodge No. 11, at Missoula, in 1889. Purchasing control of the First National Bank of Kalispell, in December, 1907, he was chosen for its vice-president, and in August, 1908, he became president of this institution, a position he has retained to the present time. Mr. Keith's career has been one of remarkable activity and remarkable success. Every venture with which his name has been connected has been brought to a satisfactory conclusion, and by his example he has materially advanced the growth and development of Montana's commercial interests. A man whose business interests demand constant application, he has still found time to devote to movements that promise to be of benefit to his community or its people, and as a citizen who stands for education and morality he has the entire esteem of his fellow townsmen. In August, 1894, Mr. Keith was married to Miss Mary Hunt, an adopted daughter of Daniel Hunt, of Avoca, Iowa, she being a native of Des Moines, Iowa. Of their children, nine survive, namely: Harry, Robert, Helen, Francis, Louise, Irma, Hattie, John and a baby daughter.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

W. L. Kelley
In Providence, Rhode Island, on the twenty-second of October, 1877, W. L. Kelley was born. His father, Patrick Kelley, was, as the telltale name assures you, a native son of the Emerald Isle. With the foresight and optimism of the Irish people, his parents had come to America in an early day and established themselves in one of the manufacturing centers of New England. When the barren, rocky soil of their own land had refused to yield them their meager living, they sought and found a land overflowing with promise, only waiting for thrift and energy to discover its treasure. These good people, however, knowing little of the new country, settled in a commercial center. As their son grew to manhood, it is true they found him employment in one of the many factories, he even became head weaver in the largest, but it was left to him, Patrick Kelley, to go still farther toward the west and find that which they had come to seek—a land so rich in itself that it would yield for the slightest effort, not a bare subsistence, but a comfortable living.
In 1885, then, Patrick Kelley located on a Montana farm, situated in the fertile Bitter Root valley four miles from Missoula. Here he lived in plenty until a few years since, when he retired from active life. He purchased for himself a home in the city of Missoula, there to finish his useful life surrounded by every comfort, each one of which speaks to him of some effort of his own. His wife, Hannah Gallagher Kelley, born like himself in the Land of the Saints, lived long enough to enjoy for herself the fruits of their joint labors and to see their son, W. L. Kelley, take rank among his peers in the land of their adoption. She died in 1884.
The son received his elementary education in the district schools of Missoula County. Few city products can brag of training more thorough, even though it was, at times, gained under difficulties. Later, he graduated from the Garden City Commercial College.
From his boyhood he showed signs of becoming the good "mixer" that he is. Even in the boyish sports he kept pushing to the front. Hardly was he out of school when Mr. Prescott, then sheriff of Missoula County, appointed him as his deputy. This was in 1900. In 1902, when the term had expired, Mr. Kelley embarked for himself in the grocery business, but his commercial career was suddenly cut short when the general superintendent of the Northern Pacific Railway sought him as his private secretary. For only one year did he remain with Mr. Gibson, as at the end of that time the company asked him to fill a clerical position in Butte during some emergency.
Upon his return to Missoula, he entered the employ of D. J. Donahue, doing the book work for the firm. When he left them it was to become chief clerk for S. W. Ramstell, who was at that time chief engineer for the Milwaukee Railroad—during the construction of their line in western Montana.
Mr. Kelley may have been like the proverbial rolling stone. There was certainly never time for him to gather any moss. Perhaps, in this case the stone gathered solidity and polish as it rolled. He certainly never held any one position long, but the new one was always a bit better than the old had been.
In 1907 he became under sheriff once more, this time for H. B. Campbell. Two years later, he was chosen deputy clerk of the district court, a position of much local prominence, and in 1910 he was elected sheriff of the county, an office that he is peculiarly fitted to fill well. November 5, 1912, he was reelected to the same position by 403 majority, the first sheriff in Missoula County in eighteen years to be re-elected.
Eleven years ago Mr. Kelley was united in marriage to Miss Clare Gendreau, decidedly not of her husband’s nationality. Miss Gendreau had come to Montana from Boston, Massachusetts, her native state. Their union has been blessed by the birth of four children: Viola D., who was born in 1902, her sister Loretta M., one year younger, and two brothers, Francis W., aged four, and Daniel L., aged two.
Is it necessary to say that Mr. Kelley is a Democrat? He is a politician not so much from choice, perhaps, as by nature. It is as natural for him to lead as for many men to follow. He is interested in his fellow men and in all that concerns their welfare, hence he must do his part toward the making and enforcing of the laws that govern them.
[History of Montana, Volume 3, -- Transcribed by: Frances Cooley]

E. A. Kenney
Auditor of the State of Montana, was born in 1844, at Guilford, Vermont; his parents moved to Meriden, Conn., a few years after his birth; he attended the public schools of that city and afterward attended Yale College; commenced the study of law, but the breaking out of the war changed his plans; entered the army in 1882, enlisting in Company F, Fifteenth Connecticut Infantry, serving through the war and retiring with the rank of Captain. Mr. Kenney was reappointed in the regular army at the close of the war and was stationed at Fort Macon, North Carolina, but resigned and returned home after serving a few months; again enlisted in the regular army at Philadelphia, in 1868, and was stationed with the Second Cavalry at Fort Ellis, near Bozeman; after serving five years received his discharge, when he, with Hugh Hoppy, established a trading post, on the present site of the city of Livingston; three months later sold out and went to Helena; went to Missoula in 1864 and commenced teaching school; taught school three years and a half, when he was elected Sheriff of Missoula County, being the only Republican elected; was married to Miss Pelkey, of Missoula, January 1, 1875. Mr. Kenney was City Marshal of Missoula for several years, and at the time of the convention held in 1889 to nominate candidates for the State offices, held the position of Chief of Police of Missoula ; was elected to the office of State Auditor upon the Republican ticket, and is the first occupant of that office after the admission of the State.
[Source: "The Montana Blue Book: a biographical, historical and statistical book of reference" by Journal Publishing Co., 1891 – Transcribed by Therman Kellar]

Henry Leftwich McCorkle
Lieut. Henry Leftwich McCorkle, of the Twenty-fifth Infantry, U. S. A., was born on his father's farm near Mooresburg, Hawkins county, Tenn., on the 20th of April, 1867. He was killed in the battle of El Caney near Santiago, Cuba, on the 1st of July, 1898. He was of good, old Scotch-Irish stock, and came of a family distinguished for its solid worth. It is a remarkable fact that each generation has contained a number of brave soldiers and has lost one or more killed in battle.
Henry Leftwich McCorkle received his early education in the public schools of Hawkins county, one of which was taught by Andrew Galbraith, an alumnus of the University of Tennessee, and at the Academy of Rogersville, of which W. L. McSpadden was principal. He entered the Freshman class of the University of Tennessee in September, 1885. He took the Scientific course, and was graduated with the degree of B. S., and with excellent standing in June, 1889. Mr. McCorkle was an attentive and faithful student; respectful to all of the professors and officers of the institution; and manly and honorable in his dealings with his fellow students. He was fond of athletic sports and of military drill, and early took a prominent position in the cadet battalion. He was a second sergeant in his Freshman year, and first lieutenant in his Sophomore and Junior years. During his Senior year he was captain of a company, and did most excellent work.
His chief personal characteristics as a student were his vigorous manliness, his admirable common sense, and his sterling moral character. He was also noted for his quick wit, his keen sense of humor, and his great love for music, for which he had decided talent. He always exhibited great energy and enthusiasm in whatever he undertook. He was sympathetic with and loyal to his friends, his home, and his State. In fact, one of the first things that impressed one was his intense devotion to his own family, church, friends, college, military battalion, baseball club, and everything else that he was connected with. His fellow students recognized in him from the beginning, a brave and honorable fellow, who would neither shirk duty nor falsify the most trivial matter, and never flinched from doing what he considered to be his duty as cadet officer, student, and Christian gentleman, no matter how trying it might be.
The foundation of his honorable and beautiful character is to be found in his early Christian training. When a silly fellow student invaded the privacy of his room suddenly and attempted to laugh him out of saying his prayers at night, it is said that McCorkle forcibly put him out and told him with an earnestness of both speech and blows that his mother had taught him to say his prayers when he was a baby, and he proposed to continue to do so as long as he lived, no matter what such foolish fellows might say. He became a member of the Presbyterian church at Mooresburg when he was sixteen years of age, and was soon afterwards elected a deacon.
McCorkle's Christianity at college and in the army was of the bright and sunny kind. He was never sanctimonious or narrow. On the contrary, he was always ready for any kind of jollity or honorable fun. This gave him all the more influence with the boys when he led a prayer meeting or made a talk. He was an active and efficient member of the Young Men's Christian Association at college and was its President for one session. His chaplain and companions in the army testify that he followed the same course throughout the whole of his army experience.
When Henry McCorkle first graduated from college, he thought he would become a teacher or professional man, and to this end he took a school in his native county. He was, however, of too active a disposition to be contented with such a quiet, secluded life. Therefore, after a year, he came to Knoxville and entered business. But this did not suit him any better. His nature demanded a larger field and one in which he could find more vent for his active, joyous spirit. He had formed a taste for military work while a cadet at the University, and had developed a marked talent for organizing and commanding men. He loved to have to do with boys and men, and his personal magnetism and influence were so strong that from the beginning he showed himself a natural commander of men. During his residence in Knoxville in the winter of '91, a recruiting officer of the United States army opened a station in this city. McCorkle became acquainted with this gentleman, and the officer became very much interested in him. The officer explained to him that he was not here to recruit officers but to enlist men for the army, and that a young man of his parts should apply to the Secretary of War for permission to take the examination for a second lieutenancy. After consulting with his friends, McCorkle did this, and through the assistance of Senator Isham G. Harris obtained permission to take such an examination. He stood a lengthy series of examinations with a class of some forty applicants, and was one of a half dozen to pass. In due time he was appointed on August 1st, 1891, as second lieutenant, and after a period of special instruction at the army school of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, he was assigned to the Twenty-fifth Infantry, with which he continued until his death. He was very fond of hunting, and enjoyed all of the sports that the country afforded during his residence at army posts on the plains.
While at Fort Missoula, Mont., McCorkle married Mildred, daughter of Capt. Henry P. Ritzius of the Twenty-fifth Infantry. His wife survives him and one child, a fine boy five years old, will, it is hoped, perpetuate his father's honorable name.
Soon after the opening of the war, McCorkle's regiment was ordered to Tampa, Fla. While he was waiting there, on the 26th of April, he was recommended by the President for promotion to a first lieutenancy. Owing to the absence of his superior officers, he was assigned to Company G, and continued to command it until he was killed.
Every one is familiar with the history of the war, and the terrible battle of El Caney on July 1st. In the October number of Scribner's Capt. Arthur H. Lee, British Military Attache, has described in glowing terms the conduct of "The Regulars at El Caney." McCorkle and Bernard's regiments fought side by side that awful day and helped to take the fort and town. Major-General H. W. Lawton's three brigades, composing the Second Division, formed the extreme right of the general attack upon Santiago, and was directed to take the old stone fort and the village of El Caney the first thing on the morning of July 1st. It was expected that they could do this promptly, and then go to the support of General Wheeler's division in the attack upon San Juan. The Spaniards fought bravely, however, and it took General Lawton almost all day to drive them from their excellent positions in the old stone fort and the block houses.
General Ludlow's brigade was stationed on the extreme left or west of El Caney, to cut off the Spanish retreat. The First brigade, commanded by General Chaffee, was stationed on the extreme right and east of the village and fort, with Capron's battery on the heights behind them. Colonel Miles, commanding the Third brigade, composed of the Fourth and Twenty-fifth United States Infantry (Bernard's and McCorkle's regiments) occupied the center, being stationed at the opening of the battle at a point just east of and near the Ducrot house.
The general movements during the battle are familiar to most readers already, but the following extract from a private letter of Lieutenant James A. Moss, of Company G, McCorkle's company, is of especial interest. In a letter to Mrs. McCorkle Lieutenant Moss says:
"On the night of June 30th, the Twenty-fifth bivouacked about five miles from the small village of El Caney, which is in turn about five miles northeast of Santiago. We resumed march about day break on the morning of July 1st. From five o'clock on our troops had been engaged in a most desperate fight, trying to dislodge the Spaniards from El Caney, where they were strongly fortified. Nine o'clock found us waiting in reserve near the Ducrot mansion, one and a half miles from El Caney. About noon the order came for our brigade (the Fourth and Twenty-fifth, the First being absent) to move forward for an attack. At one o'clock companies G and H formed the firing line, and after advancing about a hundred yards through a grass field, we reached a pine apple grove about seven hundred yards from the Spanish position. They at once began pouring a murderous fire into us. On account of smokeless powder used by them, it was impossible to locate them, and with a helpless feeling we kept on advancing with a storm of bullets flying into our faces.
"After having advanced a hundred yards, Messrs. McCorkle, Kinnison, Murdock and myself (the officers of these companies) held a hasty consultation near a small cherry tree as to what we should do. A short while after this Mr. McCorkle was kneeling on one knee near the same cherry tree, while his men were lying down after one of their rushes. I was about two paces to his right and rear. All at once, he opened his shirt, placed his left hand under his right arm, lowered his head to look at a wound just under the armpit, and then fell over toward me. With the assistance of Mr. Little and some soldiers, I carried him back below the crest of a small hill, a few yards in the rear. Little remained with him until he passed quietly away with no apparent pain****
The Twenty-fifth at last carried the Spanish block houses, which we had been ordered to take, but we paid dearly for our victory."
Lieutenants Kinnison and Sturtevant have supplied some additional details of the battle, from which we learn that companies G, commanded by Lieut. McCorkle, and H, commanded by Lieut. Caldwell (formerly Lieut. McCorkle's company), formed the firing line for the attack upon the stone fort before El Caney. This fort occupied the crown of a high hill at the southeast corner of the village of El Caney. The advance of companies G and H was over a series of hedges and barbed wire obstructions and up a grassy slope. On their immediate right was the Twelfth Infantry under General Chaffee; on their left was the Fourth Infantry. Companies G and H advanced by rushes through an open field and up a long hill. First one company would rush forward, lie down, rest and load, and then the other would make a rush. Company H had just made a rush past Company G and lay down. Lieut. McCorkle's men were lying down loading and preparing for another rush and he was kneeling erect upon one knee. It was at this moment that a sharp shooter, probably in the top of a palm tree on his right, shot him. The men were commanded to lie down, but the officers stand up or kneel, thus making a good target for the sharp shooters. Nearly all of the officers were shot in this way. McCorkle was shot through the right arm and body. Lieut. Kinnison was shot also in the same way, but only through the muscles of the arm and breast.
General orders No. 19, by Lieutenant-Colonel Aaron S. Daggett, commanding the Twenty-fifth Infantry, contains the following account of the part taken by Companies G and H in this battle. After commending the regiment for their gallant conduct in the early part of the action, Colonel Daggett says:
"But commendable as the record cited may be, the brightest hours of your lives were on the afternoon of July 1st. Formed in battle array, you advanced to the stone fort against volleys there from and rifle pits in front; and against a galling fire from block houses, the church tower and the village on your left, you continued to advance, skillfully and bravely directed by the officers in immediate command, halting and delivering such a cool and well directed fire, that the enemy was compelled to wave the white flag in token of surrender. Seldom have troops been called upon to face a severer fire, and never have they acquitted themselves better.
"The regimental reserve .was called upon to try its nerve by lying quiet under a galling fire, without the privilege of returning, where men were killed and wounded. This is a test of nerve which the firing line can not realize and requires the highest quality of bravery and endurance. You may well return to the United States proud of your accomplishments, and if anyone asks what you have done, point him to El Caney. But in the midst of the joy of going home, we mourn the loss of those we leave behind.
"The genial, generous-hearted McCorkle fell at the post of duty, bravely directing his men in the advance on the stone fort. He died as a true soldier dies and received a soldier's burial. He was beloved by all who knew him and his name will always be fondly remembered by his regiment, especially those who participated in the Santiago campaign. The officers of the regiment will wear the prescribed badge of mourning for Lieut. McCorkle for thirty days."
Lieut. McCorkle's family received a letter from him, written on the 29th on some leaves torn out of a pocket notebook. He wrote cheerily of the rough times they were having, marching in the rain night and day, and spoke with great admiration of the fight of the "Rough Riders." After describing this fight briefly, he concluded his letter with the words: "Don't expect anything brilliant of me, but I will do my duty." These were the last words his family received from him. The best eulogium we can pronounce upon him is to say, in his own words, that throughout his entire bright, happy and beautiful life he did his duty. He died doing his duty, like the pure, brave, honorable, noble hearted fellow he was.
Lieut. McCorkle's father was Dr. William Alexander McCorkle, of Hawkins county, Tenn.; his mother, Susan Leftwich, daughter of Capt. James Leftwich and Mary Brown, of Bedford county, Va. Dr. McCorkle was the son of Thomas McCorkle, of Rockbridge, and Susan Alexander, a descendant of Dr. Robert Alexander, the first Rector of Washington College. Hon. Thomas E. McCorkle, the present Mayor of Lexington, Va., is a brother of Dr. McCorkle's and Ex-Governor William A. McCorkle, of West Virginia, Rev. Emmett McCorkle, D. D., of Clifton Forge, Va., and the Rev. Tazewell M. McCorkle, of Lynchburg, Va., are his first cousins.
The founder of this distinguished family was Lieut. John McCorkle, of the Gilmore Rifles, who was killed at the battle of the Cow Pens. The McCorkles and Alexanders settled in the Valley of Virginia 1703. His wife was Rebecca McNutt, whose brother, Benj. McNutt, and cousin, George McNutt, were among the early settlers In Knox county, Tenn. Capt. Alexander McCorkle (son of Lieut. John McCorkle), was a prominent citizen of Rockbridge and an elder in the Presbyterian Church at Lexington. He was the father of Lieut. McCorkle's grandfather, Thomas McCorkle, and was killed in the Mexican War. The founder of the Alexander family was another Revolutionary soldier, Archibald Alexander, Surgeon of the Tenth Virginia Infantry, Continental Army. This family is deservedly distinguished for its great preachers, teachers and soldiers. The Leftwich's have furnished their quota of soldiers also.

George T. McCullough, M. D.
For nearly twenty-two years a physician in active practice in Missoula and throughout the surrounding country for many miles in every direction, and during the greater part of that period mingling freely with the people of the county in the administration of their public affairs, in which he has always taken a very earnest and helpful interest, Dr. George T. McCullough has endeared himself to the residents of this region both as a professional man and as a citizen. In his professional work he is learned, resourceful and skillful. As a citizen he is progressive, broad minded and stimulating in his influence for good; and as a man he is upright, estimable and worthy in all the relations of life.
Dr. McCullough's life began at East Springfield, Jefferson county, Ohio, on November 22, 1858. His parents, Alexander and Beth Anne (Hammond) McCullough, were also natives of Ohio, and lived in that state until 1872, when they moved their family to Howard county, Missouri. There they engaged in farming and raising live stock during the remainder of their lives, the mother dying in that county in 1880 and the father in 1884. The doctor's paternal grandfather, John McCullough, came to this country from the north of Ireland soon after the Revolutionary war and settled in Ohio, where he was a pioneer and farmed extensively after breaking up the wild land on which he took up his residence. His son Alexander, father of the doctor, served in the Civil war as captain of an Ohio regiment in the Union army and participated in a number of important battles in that contest.
Dr. George T. McCullough obtained his academic education in the district schools of Ohio and Missouri, finishing it at Central College in Fayette, in the state last named. After leaving that institution he began the study of medicine, but a short time afterward suspended his attention to this to assist in a government survey in New Mexico. When his services in that connection were ended he entered the medical department of the University of Missouri as a student, and from there was graduated with the degree of M. D. in the class of 1889. For a few months he was engaged in practice, then began a post graduate course in Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York City, which he completed in 1890, receiving a diploma from that great institution. He then passed a few months in Mexico, and in June, 1890, came to Missoula, where he has ever since resided and been busily occupied with an extensive and very active practice, except during a short time in 1898, when he took another post graduate course of special instruction
in the city of New York.
Mr. McCullough has demonstrated his knowledge of his profession in both theory and practice to the full satisfaction of the people of Missoula county and is one of the leading practitioners of the medical science in this part of the state. He was president of the Montana State Medical Society in 1899, and has long been an earnest interest and an active part in every phase Mountain Inter-State Medical Society and the American
Medical Association and an ex-president of the Missoula County Medical Society. He has served as county physician and is a member of the board of United States pension examiners for Missoula county, and has taken an earnest interest and an active part in every phase of the activities belonging to his profession in this part of the country.
In his political faith and allegiance the doctor is affiliated with the Republican party. And while he is not desirous of any of its honors or emoluments for himself, he is always zealous and effective in the service of the organization because he believes firmly in its
principles. He believes firmly also in fraternal organizations as beneficial and uplifting forces, and belongs to a number of them. He gives his lodges all the time and attention his other engagements will permit, and does everything in his power to make them as influential for good and as useful as possible.
When the Missoula Trust and Savings Bank was organized the doctor was chosen its first vice president. He served the bank in this capacity for a number of years, and is still a member of its board of directors. He is, moreover, deeply interested in every element of
the industrial, mercantile and social life of the community, and always ready to give his aid in making them as potential for the general welfare and wholesome progress of his home locality as they can be rendered.
On July 1, 1886, he was united in marriage to Miss Mollie Massey, a native of Missouri, who came to Montana with her husband in 1890, and resided in the state ever afterward. Mrs. McCullough died of apoplexy September 26, 1912, leaving a son, Massey S. Mc-
Cullough, and a daughter, Maude B. McCullough, both graduates of the state University of Montana.
Mrs. McCullough's early life was spent in several cities- Booneville, Jefferson City, Springfield, Kansas City and St. Louis, in all of which places she has friends and relatives. Her college training was received at Christian College, Columbia, Missouri. Mrs. McCullough was, before her health failed, an earnest worker in the Episcopal church of this city. She was beloved by a large circle of friend's and her loss will be sincerely mourned, although death came as a blessed relief from long illness.
Mrs. McCullough was the daughter of Benjamin U. Massey, who was secretary of state in Missouri at the beginning of the Civil war.
Dr. McCullough is still engaged in active practice in the same office he located in on coming to Missoula twenty-two years ago.
[History of Montana, Volume 3, transcribed by C. Danielson]

Daniel L. McQuarrie.
It would be impossible to point to a worthier and more striking example of the self-made man than the gentleman whose name stands at the head of this paragraph. From an orphan boy, utterly without advantages and early thrown upon his own resources, he has come to be one of the representative men of this part of Montana, a well-known and highly honored citizen, and distinctively one of the builders of the city. He is serving with great efficiency and general satisfaction as county commissioner of Missoula county and for many years has been extensively interested in mining and latterly in the lumber business. Daniel L. McQuarrie is one of those valiant souls who have triumphed over adverse conditions and pressed forward to the goal of a large and worthy success. He is in most significant sense a self-made man and integrity and honor characterize him in the relations of life.
Mr. McQuarrie was born at Lower Caledonia, in Gyusboro county, Nova Scotia, February 2, 1871. Both parents died during his early childhood days, his mother when he was but two years old and his father when his years numbered but seven. The homeless lad was taken into the home of one John McQuarrie, a farmer, who although of the same name, was no relation to him, and he remained with this good man until the age of twenty years. He attended the public schools until the age of fourteen. Believing that opportunity awaited the energetic, capable young man in the western United States, young Daniel came to Montana in 1891 and located in Granite county where he secured work in the silver mines, and remained in that locality for two years. When the slump in silver forced so many mines to close he found it necessary to find other work and he went to Bearmouth, Granite county, and secured work in the lumber camps surrounding that place and remained thus engaged until 1894. Then having accumulated some money, he paid a visit to his old home in Nova Scotia and spent a pleasant summer in the household of his foster parents. In the fall, he returned to Bearmouth and engaged as foreman in the lumber camp of his brothers, and continued in this association until 1898, when he returned and engaged in farming at Clinton, Montana. In that place he remained but a year and then returned to his brother's lumber company, where he engaged as foreman, or overseer of the woods. He also bought a farm and followed agriculture and stock-raising until 1904. when he was elected to the office of county assessor of Missoula county on the Republican ticket, and so well did his services recommend him that he was re-elected, thus serving two terms in that important office. In 1908, at the termination of his services in the office aforementioned, he engaged independently in the lumber business in Missoula and in 1910 was elected to the office of county commissioner in which he is serving at the present time. He has ever served the interests of the people in the most whole-hearted fashion, and Missoula county is proud to claim him as one of its most influential and public-spirited citizens.
Mr. McQuarrie is identified with many good causes and is a valued member of the Presbyterian church. He is a prominent fraternity man, his affiliations extending to the Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Eagles and the Modern Woodmen of America. In the matter of politics he gives heart and hand to the men and measures of the Republican party, which he has supported with his ballot since his earliest voting days.
Mr. McQuarrie was married in June, 1898, his chosen lady being Grace Betters of Clinton, Montana, their union being celebrated in Missoula. They share their attractive home with four interesting children, namely: Irena, aged thirteen; Herbert, aged eight; Flora, aged four; and Verne, aged a year and a half. The two elder children are public school pupils. The subject is strictly a home man, finding his greatest happiness at his own fireside.
In addition to his business interests previously mentioned, Mr. McQuarrie owns farm and ranch lands and also considerable mineral land.
The subject's father, John McQuarrie, was a native of Nova Scotia and a farmer and lumberman by occupation. He died in 1878. The maiden name of the mother was Lizzie Kelley. These worthy people, both of whom died at untimely ages, are buried side by side in Caledonia. Mr. McQuarrie's only brother, Herbert, who preceded him to Montana, and became a successful lumberman is also deceased.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Cuthbert Peat
Cuthbert Peat, who was for some time one of the two commissioners elected to administer the public affairs of the city of Missoula, in connection with the mayor, when the new commission form of city government went into effect, has had a varied and interesting career. He took up the battle of life at a very early age, and went far from his parental fireside to do it. He has from that time on made his own way in the world without the aid of family influence or outside circumstances of any kind whatever, and although his road has been rugged and at times beset with difficulties, his progress has been continuous and the gains he has made are substantial and enduring.
Mr. Peat is a native of London, England, where his life began on July 18, 1869. His parents, John H. and Mary E. (Bedell) Peat, were also English by birth and rearing, and in 1880 they moved their family to New Brunswick. Canada. The father still makes his home there, and lives retired from active business, while the mother died in Portland, Oregon, in July 1911.
Cuthbert Peat secured what education he got in the schools in his native city, as after his removal with the family to Canada he had no further opportunities to attend school. The circumstances of the family were such that he was obliged to look out for himself, and he undertook the task with the resolute and manly spirit that has characterized him through all his subsequent years. At the age of twelve he removed over to northern Maine and in that sparsely populated region he worked for ten years in the lumber camps and mills, and in other lines of mechanical industry, the farm taking his attention in the summer seasons.
In the winter of 1889-90 he came to Montana and secured employment at Hodges' Mill, at Riverside, in the Bitter Root Mountain region. But he remained there only a short time, and then went to Bonner, where he was employed in various mechanical occupations for nine years. In 1900, Mr. Peat moved to Missoula, and during the next eleven years he had charge of the furniture warehouse of the Missoula Mercantile company.
Mr. Peat has for years given some thought to the trade union movement, and he has given freely of his aid along those lines. He has also taken an earnest and intelligent interest in political affairs as a firm and faithful member of the Republican party, and has been energetic and effective in his work for that great body. His official career has not, however, been based on partisan consideration, as the people, without regard to party lines, have recognized his ability and called him into their service. During the last five years he has been a member of the local school board, and in the past two years has been its chairman. This is not a political office in essence, nor is the one he held in the municipal government as commissioner of public safety. He was chosen to those offices for the sole and only reason that the people believed him to be the right man for the place, and during his incumbency of those positions he demonstrated to the uttermost that their faith in him was not misplaced. As a member of the school board, his services were of the highest order. The interests of the taxpayers and of the rising generation were always uppermost in his mind when in the performance of his duties in his official capacity, and his record was envied and applauded by all, when he retired from the chairmanship of the board. The newspapers pointed him out as an exemplary official, and words of praise were freely accorded him, regardless of party lines or partisanship. The Missoulian, under date of April 22, 1912, paid him the following editorial compliment, which so aptly expresses the general sentiment with regard to him and his service that it is here presented in full: "The retiring chairman, Mr. Peat, leaves the position with a record which is altogether creditable. He has given strength to the schools and he has added dignity to the office which he has so ably filled. The work of the Missoula schools was never upon a higher plane than it is right now; never was there a better standard and never was it more vigorously regarded. This is the enduring stamp which Mr. Peat has left upon the city school system as a result of his years of service at the head of the board."
In connection with his public service in other lines, it is worthy of mention that while he was superintendent of the department of public safety and charity, his record was of the most praiseworthy order. The increased receipts of the police department during that time were $935, while the decreased expenses were $1,940.97; and the decreased expense of the fire department was $1,158.31, and the decreased expense of the health department $407.50. These figures will serve in a measure to show that the activities of Mr. Peat in his public capacity were not alone confined to abstract matters, but he was able to show results in dollars and cents, as the result of his careful administration of the office of which he was incumbent. His service has been of a most praiseworthy nature, and the pleasing thing to record in this connection is that praise has not been withheld, and that his constituents have not hesitated to give free and forcible expression to their satisfaction.
Mr. Peat was married in New Brunswick, Canada, on March 29, 1889, to Miss Elizabeth Hetherington, a native of that province. They have four children: Lucile, Katherine, Mildred and Arthur.
[Source: "the History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

T. A. Price.
Among the well-known citizens of Missoula, Montana, whose business, social and official career has been marked throughout with success and distinctiveness proclaiming a talent for leadership and initiative in various affairs of life is Mr. T. A. Price, a prominent real estate dealer and one of the members Of the commission which governs Missoula under the new system. Mr. Price is a scion of a distinguished Welsh family, members of which have for generations been effective workers in fields of endeavor that have brought the name into good repute in various parts of the world. He was born at Waukesha, Wisconsin, April 26, 1868, the son of Thomas J. and Margaret Price, both of whom were natives of Brecon, Wales, came to this country when young, and while they first became acquainted in their native land, were married in the United States. The elder Price followed the occupation of agriculturist for forty years in Wisconsin, then retired from active farming and removed to Waukesha, where he died at the advanced age of eighty years on October 26, 1911, his wife having preceded him to the better land a few months previous. He was a man of quiet, conservative disposition and was highly respected throughout the community in which he resided.

T. A. Price was educated in the district schools of the community in which he was born in Wisconsin, and later attended for a time Carroll College. When sixteen years old it became necessary for him to assist in the conduct of the farm and he early learned the value of industry and economy. He remained at farm work until twenty-two years of age then decided to abandon that occupation as life work, and proceeded to learn telegraphy. After acquiring proficiency in operating in 1893 Mr. Price went west and came to Missoula and being pleased with the situation and outlook established a permanent residence here and has ever since maintained it, without at any time experiencing any regret over his decision, but on the contrary, often pausing to congratulate himself on the wisdom of his choice of a home.

At the time of his arrival here times were hard and one was not always able to choose the kind of work he would like to do and Mr. Price accepted the first employment that offered this being a job as driver on a delivery wagon. He worked hard for two years, lived frugally and saved his earnings carefully and at the end of that time found himself in possession of sufficient resources to enable him to purchase a half interest in the Bonner & Woodford grocery firm, he coming into possession of the stock of Mr. Woodford. The new firm became Bonner & Price and for twelve years the store was conducted with marked success and profit by these gentlemen. At the end of that period Mr. Price purchased Mr. Bonner's interest in the store then formed a partnership with J. B. Henley and the new firm was known as Price & Henley. In 1908 Mr. Price decided to retire from the grocery business and accordingly disposed of his share of the store to Mr. John Eigeman. The business had always been conducted with profit to its owners, and grew to many times its original proportions during the years that Mr. Price was engaged in its executive management.

After retiring from the mercantile business Mr. Price then engaged in operations as a real estate dealer and has since continued to be prominently identified with that line of commercial endeavor in this city. The success that he has achieved in financial and other respects has been solely the result of his own persevering endeavor and his determination to win his way and win it honestly. He has lived here long and has had transactions with a large number of people, hut all agree that whether or not one may acquiesce with him in his views on any given subject they cannot fail to be impressed with the conscientiousness and inherent honesty of the man.

A record of Mr. Price's connection with public and official life in important capacities shows him to have accomplished much work of beneficial character to the community at large. He has always been deeply interested in educational affairs and facilities and was for several years a member of the city school board, a portion of the time serving as chairman of that body. He served on the old city council for a considerable time and so efficient did he prove in that capacity that when the first election under the commission form of city government was held he was elected one of the first two commissioners receiving the highest vote of any of the twenty candidates who were making the race. The department of the city's business which is under his special executive management is that of streets, public improvements and parks. Mr. Price believes in administering public office with the same painstaking care and strict honesty that he would apply to his own private business and his acts are at all 'times an earnest of this principle. He has high ideals for civic improvement and wants to see Missoula a model city, in so far as it can be made so, and all his influence and power are bent toward achieving this end.

The home life of Mr. Price and his family is ideal. The marriage of Mr. Price and Miss Belle Hardy occurred at Groveland, Massachusetts, June 23, 1898. Mrs. Price is a native of that state, and hers is an old New England family, long identified with the history of this country. Three children have been born of this union, Gladys, aged seven years; Margaret, two. and Baby Helen. Both Mr. and Mrs. Price are accomplished musicians and generous in the use of their talents for the enjoyment of their friends and the public, especially the church-going public. Mrs. Price is leader of the choir of the Congregational church of which the family are members and Mr. Price also is a member of that body of singers. Their leadership in the most cultivated social life of the city is well earned and deserved and Missoula is fortunate in having people of this character so active in all lines of highest endeavor. Mr. Price is a member of several fraternal orders, including the Masonic lodge, and is personally popular among all classes of people with whom he comes in contact.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]

George Pringle
In every nook and corner of the wide world the traveler will find the Scotchman. Everywhere, plodding, patient, determined, steadfast, reliable, prosperous. To understand his nature one must know Scotland. If he appears crabbed, stern, unsocial, dour (as the Scotch say), consider the barren land in which he has fought nature for all the centuries in order to wring from a fertile soil and harsh climate a subsistence for himself and his family. But that is only one side of him. Beneath the practical and rugged exterior lies deep a softer stratum and from this stratum one can dig up the poet, the dreamer, the idealist, the hero. Against Black Douglas and his cruelty stand out the heroes Wallace
and Bruce. Against the treacherous Comyn can be shown such noble spirits as Chinese Gordon; even among the faithless Stuarts the historians find James the Fifth, the poet king and lover of righteousness. Against the cynical Carlyle can be shown the kindly and equally able Walter Scott. Against Archbishop Sharpe can be shown John Knox; and finally against the crafty money lovers like Gilbert Glosson can be shown Bobby Burns, the greatest true poet the world has produced. This many-sided land has given to America a body of citizens whose priceless value can not be reckoned and who have made such an imprint upon our history that any of our citizens are proud to claim Scotch blood. Among Missoula's Scotchmen is that good citizen, George Pringle, proprietor of the leading monument works of Missoula.
Mr. Pringle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, June 24, 1860, and in his native country received the advantages of a good common school education. At the age of fourteen years he began to think of a life work and commenced to learn the trade of a stone cutter and carver in the historic city of his birth and at the age of twenty years he was a skilled workman, doing the very best kind of monument work. It occurred to the young man that the newer land of America presented greater opportunities for energy and ambition and in pursuance of this idea, he crossed the blue Atlantic and landed in America in March, 1881. He remained in New York for a time and found work at his trade in that state for a year. Desiring to see the west, of which he had heard such flattering report, he came to
Minneapolis, Minnesota, and there found employment, remaining within that city until the year 1890, when he came to Missoula, Montana. After a year here, during which he was constantly employed, Mr. Pringle went to Helena and there assisted in the stone work on the Helena jail. He came back to this place and worked as a journeyman until 1900, when he began business for himself and he has proved indeed successful on an independent footing, owning today the leading monument works in the county. His success has been directly traceable to his energy, industry and thrift, and he has made his way quite without assistance. Besides the native stone used in his works, many of his monuments are made from imported granite and marble. He has had considerable recognition in public life and acted as a member of the city council for two terms, or four years, and as county clerk and recorder for one term of two years. In every trust he has proved his quality and enjoys general respect and regard.
Fraternally he is a member of the Masons, Knights of Pythias, the Elks, and the Eagles, being state president of the last-named.
The subject was happily married on June 10, 1887, his chosen lady being Miss Agnes Charlton, also a native of Scotland, whom he first met in Minneapolis. The following five children have been born to their union: Andrew Edgar, George, Jeannie, William and James. The family are members of the Presbyterian church.
The subject's father, Andrew Pringle, was engaged in the transfer business in Edinburgh. His demise occurred in that city in 1871. The mother's maiden name was Margaret Gow and she came to the United States in 1878, settling in Minneapolis and acquiring property
there. This worthy lady passed away August 28. 1899. There were seven children in the elder Pringle family, as follows: William Pringle, carpenter and contractor, who died in Butte, Montana, July 29, 1900; Andrew, residing in Michigan; Jessie, now Mrs. McGuffy, of Philadelphia; David P., merchant tailor, of Minneapolis; Alexander, a plumber residing in Oregon; and Elizabeth, now Mrs. William Coles, of Hereford, Herts, England.
When asked to give his opinion of Montana, Mr. Pringle replied: "Montana can support twice the population that it does at the present time with scarcely any assistance from the outside world. We can raise all we need here and the mineral resources of this wonderful
state are as yet undeveloped."
["History of Montana", Volume 3, transcribed by C. Danielson]

William H. Reid.
During the nearly twenty-five years of his residence in Missoula, William H. Reid has been actively connected with the industrial and mercantile life of the city in a leading way. His record is therefore well known to all classes of the people of the community, and the high regard and genuine esteem they have for him is based on demonstrated worth and usefulness, which has been made manifest in both private and public life, in business, social and official channels, and in all the lines of activity appertaining to and finding expression in good citizenship.
Mr. Reid is not a native of Montana or of this country. But he is as true and loyal an American as he could possibly be if he were. He was born in the province of New Brunswick, Canada, on July 12, 1855, and his family was not long resident in that country either, for his parents, John and Elizabeth (Henry) Reid, were natives of Ireland. The father was born and reared in Londonderry, in the Emerald Isle, and came to New Brunswick when he was a young man. He made that country his home until his death in 1897.
William H. Reid grew to manhood in his native province and obtained his education in its schools. He also learned his trade of tinsmith there and for a number of years worked at it in that country. In 1883 he came to the United States and located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he remained four years. Then, in 1887, he sought a home in the farther west, moving to Montana and taking up his residence in Missoula. Here he entered the employ of the Missoula Mercantile Company, and for twenty-three years had charge of all the manufacturing done in its tin and sheet iron department. The business was extensive and his- position was one of great responsibility, but he met its requirements in a way that gave entire satisfaction to the company and won the approval and commendation of its patrons.
In 1910, determining to go into business for himself, Mr. Reid bought the store and shops he now owns and conducts, and since then he has largely increased their output and popularity. Although the business is an old one. established early in the eighties, and notwithstanding it was extensive and well managed under its former -proprietor, Mr. Reid has made many improvements in its equipment and facilities, extended its trade and raised it in rank among the industrial and commercial institutions of the city until now it is one of the most prominent among them.
The public interests of the city and county have long engaged Mr. Reid's attention and the promotion of their welfare has been an object of special solicitude to him. He has aided in every way open to him in augmenting their industrial, mercantile and commercial importance, and done everything he could to add to the comfort, convenience and prosperity of their residents and advance the general weal along all lines of wholesome growth and development, moral, mental, material and social. He is a Democrat in politics, and as such was elected mayor of the city in April, 191 1. But he was legislated out of office when the commission form of government was adopted on June I of the same year.
On January 14. 1880, Mr. Reid was joined in wedlock with Miss Eliza Mayer, the nuptials being solemnized in New Brunswick, Canada, where both of the contracting parties were then living. Mrs. Reid is, however, a native of England. Two children have blessed their union and brightened and sanctified their domestic shrine: their daughter, Harriet, who is now the wife of E. B. Hord of Superior, Montana; and their son, William G., who is associated with his father in business. The father is a member of the order of Knights of Pythias.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Prof. E. C. Reitz.
"He is a fighter and does things!" These words have almost passed into a proverb in their frequent application to Prof. E. C. Reitz of Missoula, the interesting subject of this brief review. And they have sprung, in their reference to him, out of his well-known habit of acting on conviction in every case, and putting all his forces at work to accomplish the end he aims at. He is not whimsical or fanatical, but a man with a high and stern sense of duty, guided by integrity and the most earnest desire to do all he can for the benefit of his fellow men of every class and condition; and as his ideals are lofty, and his springs of action intense, he leaves no stone unturned in his efforts to carry out his views. Men have reviled him and called him unsavory names, but no opposition, and especially no abuse, has ever deterred him from his purposes, and that is one thing even his bitterest opponents always give him credit for. They know he is honest and consistent in his efforts to make the community around him as clean and pure as possible, and they esteem him for the inflexible determination with which he continues his work in this behalf, even though he sometimes runs against a pet desire of their own.
rofessor Reitz was born in Dixon, Lee county, Illinois, on August 3, 1864, and is a son of Conrad and Elizabeth (Keller) Reitz, natives of Pennsylvania, early emigrants to Illinois and pioneers in Iowa. They are now living at Maxwell, Story county, in that state, retired from active pursuits, the former aged seventy-one and the latter seventy-two years of age. On November 29, 1911, they celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding, and the celebration was a "golden wedding" in fact for their hosts of friends who had the pleasure of attending it.
Conrad Reitz, the professor's father, the place of whose nativity is Somerset county, Pennsylvania, has been, in many respects, a remarkable man. He has tried his hand in various lines of productive enterprise and succeeded well in them all. For many years he was a mechanic and wrought laboriously and faithfully at his trade. Then he turned his attention to farming, and in this he was a leader in his locality and one of the most prosperous men engaged in the industry there. After that he became a merchant, and his triumphs in merchandising were no less signal and substantial than those he won in other departments of work. He moved to Illinois when he was a young man, and in 1870, when the pioneer days were still lingering in some parts of Iowa, he located in Boone county in that state, where frontier conditions still largely obtained. His high character, great energy and foresight and other masterful natural attributes made him successful in all his undertakings in spite of the fact that he had but a limited education from the schools.
Professor Reitz was educated in the public schools of Iowa and at Keokuk College in that state. He afterward pursued a course of special training for business and in penmanship at the Gem City Commercial College in Quincy, Illinois, from which he was graduated in 1890. While attending this school he was also actively engaged in managing his father's farm. It is easy to conclude that his duties in his dual engagements at this time were burdensome, but that was a matter of no special consequence to him, as, even at his age at that time, he was a person of prodigious energy, with capacity for carrying on several lines of work at once.
In 1891 the professor formed a partnership with one of his schoolmates, and together they taught penmanship in Illinois and Iowa for several months. In September of the same year he entered Zanerian Art College in Columbus, Ohio, the only pen-art school in the world, and at the same time began special studies in English in the Thompson English Training School in Columbus. The next year he became a teacher in that school and also gave instructions in the army barracks in the city. This year, 1892, he completed his course in the Zanerian Art College and received his diploma from it as a graduate in all its departments.
Professor Reitz then came to Montana and located in Anaconda. He conducted a private school there for a few months, during which he visited Missoula to look over the field with a view to finding a suitable place for a permanent residence and the establishment of his business. In 1893 he returned to Boone, Iowa, and was married to Miss Laura B. Thompson, who was a school teacher in that city, having gone there from her native state, Indiana. He brought his bride to Anaconda, and continued teaching his private school there until June, the end of the term, when he moved to Missoula
Some weeks after his arrival in this city to remain, he opened a private school here with no capital but ability, both natural and acquired, energy that stopped at no obstacle, and honesty of purpose that has never wavered in the slightest degree. In October, 1903, he started the Garden City Commercial College, and conducted it on the third floor of the First National Bank building until sometime in 1904, when he moved it into the building it now occupies, which he had erected for the purpose. The building is an imposing and attractive one, a credit to Missoula in its architectural features, and as completely equipped as a commercial college as any in the country, if it does not surpass them all in this respect. Here is a manifestation of progress from a humble start to a splendid and far-famed institution, and its achievement is altogether due to the arduous and self-denying labor of Professor Reitz and his highly accomplished wife. She has been the teacher of the shorthand department in the school since they started life together, and deserves fully one-half of the credit for their success in their useful undertaking. They have two children, their son, Zaner Walter, now aged eighteen years, and their daughter, Edith Alpha, aged twelve at the time of this writing (1912). Professor Reitz has been an active and helpful factor in the progress and development of the city and county of .Missoula. He has stood for a clean town, believing that he was in some measure responsible for the moral as well as the educational welfare of his pupils. Missoula, like most other western cities, has at times been wide open, and many and bitter have been the contests over this feature of its life. Professor Reitz has always clamored for the strict enforcement of the law, and has fought for it through peace and through turbulence, continuing his efforts in the face of the most violent opposition, and when failure seemed inevitable. For he is one of the men who never give up, and only unlimbers his full battery at such critical times as would drive weaker men from the field, and he has done much to make the city orderly and law-abiding
He is a fighter and does things. When the bridge from the north to the south side of the river was swept away, on the 7th day of June, 1908, and the people were obliged to go three miles around to get across, the city had no money to build even a temporary structure. The city council could do nothing, as it had no funds. He took the matter up, and in a few hours raised $1,100 for the erection of a new bridge, which he swelled to $6,000 within the next few weeks. He then received bids, awarded the contract for the building of the bridge, gave bonds as guarantees of good faith and supervised the work of construction. The bridge was completed and opened for traffic and turned over to the city council free fr om debt. More than to any other one man is Missoula indebted to him for speedy relief from a great inconvenience at the time, and for a permanent improvement of great value in this matter.
Professor Reitz yielded to the importunities of his friends sometime ago and started an enterprise in the coal trade. The Garden City Commercial College Coal Company is the result, and from it the people are always sure to get full weight, the exact quality promised and prompt deliveries at the most reasonable cost to them. Professor Reitz believes firmly that honesty in business will be as successful, not only in the long run, but all the time, as any other course in mercantile dealings, and he conducts the affairs of this coal company on that basis. He applies the same rule to every thing connected with his school, and parents have always felt that their children were in safe hands when under his control. For they know him to be a man of the strictest integrity and uprightness in every relation of life, and zealous in inculcating his principles in all who receive his tuition. Missoula has no better or more useful citizen, and none whom the people of every grade and class hold in higher or more deserved esteem. Mr. and Mrs. Reitz are ultra religious and for many years have been members of the Brethren church, always doing all in their power to further the cause of Christianity.
[History of Montana, Volume 3, 1913, transcribed by C. Danielson]

D. H. Ross
D. H. Ross is another good Montanian who was born in Canada. His birthplace was Andover, New Brunswick, and the year of his nativity was 1858, the day being January 14. His parents, John and Mary Kearney Ross were both natives of Canada, and both died there, Mr. Ross, in 1900, at the age of seventy eight, and Mrs. Ross, in 1885, when she was sixty eight years old.
D. H. Ross attended school in Canada, and after finishing his course in the common branches, spent some time in various occupations until the year of 1884, when he came to Missoula. He entered the employ of the Eddy Hammond Company, which later became the Missoula Mercantile Company, and for six years remained in that establishment where he filled several different positions. In 1890, he and Mr. Henry Hammond organized the D. H. Ross Lumber Company. At the end of three years, Mr. Ross disposed of his interests in that concern and the same year was elected police magistrate, serving from 1894 to 1896. At the expiration of his term of office, he went into the real estate and insurance business with Mr. F. C. Stoddard, the firm name being Stoddard & Ross. In 190?, Mr. Ross was appointed postmaster and still holds that office.
In politics, Mr Ross is an active Republican, and he is a person who takes the keenest interest in all matters of public interest. From 1886 to 1890 he had charge of the interests of the Missoula Mercantile Company at Corvaths and at Victor, and was school trustee in the former place. He is a most able public official, as well as a most popular one. He brings to the performance of his duties the same energy and efficiency which achieved his success in his various business ventures.
Mr. Ross was married before leaving Canada, in 1883, to Miss Ida Gunter, a Canadian by birth. One child, Anabel, has been born of their union. She is a native Missoulan, born May 18, 1884. In the fraternal orders, Mr. Ross is connected only with the order of the Odd Fellows.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Harry M. Small
Harry M. Small was born in Adams county, Pennsylvania, on June the 10th, 1869. The families of his parents on both sides were Pennsylvanians, his mother and father having been married in that state. Of their union were born three sons, of whom Harry M. was the youngest.
When he was only one year of age his father died very suddenly, leaving the mother, Agnes Adams Small, to battle for herself and her three small boys as best she might. Although she made a brave fight, it was necessary for her sons to quit school as soon as they had reached an age where their earning capacity could assist their mother in the struggle for existence. When he was seven years of age the family moved to Canada, remaining there until 1888. He left Canada for the west, coming directly to Missoula, Montana. Almost immediately, he entered the employ of the Northern Pacific Railway, serving as a station employee. Possessing natural quickness of intellect and a rare fund of that unusual quality, "common sense," he at once discovered that for a young man in any capacity, education is his chief asset. Hitherto, it had seemed to be a prize meant only for the well-to-do and entirely out of his reach, but he now determined to win it for himself. By diligent application during the evening hours and private instruction under Professor Reit of the Garden City Commercial College, he gained in a few months knowledge, the acquirement of which in the schools would have taken him years. Nor did he ever count the hours spent in study anything but gain.
For ten years he remained with the Northern Pacific Railway Company, then accepted a position in the grocery firm of Walker & Albee. He remained with these gentlemen until they withdrew from that line of business and then spent two years with their successors, Hatheway & Buford. While still connected with this latter firm, he was elected city treasurer in 1904. At the close of his first term, he was re-elected, serving the city in that capacity for a period of four years, when his fellow citizens, realizing his worth and ability, chose him for their police magistrate.
This position he occupies at the present time and is filling in a manner satisfactory even to those who do not share his political views, Mr. Small himself being a stalwart Democrat.
Before coming to Missoula he married Miss Elizabeth McCluskey. After nineteen years of married life, she passed away. In 1909, he was united in marriage to Bridget Barnum, also a native of Canada. Mr. and Mrs. Small still reside in Missoula. He is the father of eight children, most of whom are still at home and all of whom are receiving an education that will fit them for their work in life. It will probably never be necessary for any of them to undergo the sacrifices and hardships that made up the early life of their father. Yet through these very hardships there emerged a man strong of character and big of soul, a man whose personal life is clean and his official position stainless.
Mr. Small is a member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles and the Knights of Columbus. He has been a resident of Missoula for twenty-three years and each year has gained in the confidence and respect of her people.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends of Free Genealogy]

Henry Louis Shapard
One of the most conspicuous figures in the recent history of Missoula is the popular gentleman whose name introduces this article, a man actively identified with the business and industrial interests of this section for some years. Equally noted as a citizen whose career has conferred credit upon the community and whose marked abilities and stirring qualities have won for him much more than local repute, he holds today distinctive precedence as one of the most progressive and successful men who ever inaugurated and carried to successful termination large and important undertakings in this section of the commonwealth. Strong mental powers, invincible courage and a determined purpose that hesitates at no opposition have so entered into his composition as to render him a dominant factor in the business world and leader of men in important enterprises. For a considerable period he has been interested in mining and is today president of the Carter Mining & Milling Company at Carter, Montana, and also owns the Shapard Hotel of this city.
Henry Louis Shapard was born April 26, 1866, in San Francisco, California, and with a very limited education and after various trying experiences, he has become one of the leading business men of Missoula. He has in truth encountered a series of hardships and adversities such as would have overwhelmed one not so well supplied with grit and determination to succeed. Born of poor parents, at the early age of twelve years he began his struggle with the world. His first work was in a tobacco factory where he acted as stripper and after a hard day's work he attended night school, for the spark of ambition burned brightly in this young fellow's breast. He soon entered the mines and worked as tool bearer, and proving faithful and efficient, was given more and more to do. Step by step he learned every detail of the mining business and also became familiarized with smelting and its processes, and for over eight years his energies were devoted to that work, which took him to various camps in the state of Arizona. At the age of twenty years he became identified with railroading and was employed in the locomotive department as fireman for the Southern Pacific, Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe, Atlantic & Pacific, and Northern Pacific railroads, this work being pursued by him for a decade and bringing him to this thirtieth year.
In 1894 Mr. Shapard announced his candidacy for the office of sheriff of Missoula county on the Populist and Labor ticket, and quite without campaign funds he canvassed the entire county on foot, encountering all sorts of hardships and finally arriving at Thompson Falls ragged and shoeless, with a week's growth of beard on his face. He secured one hundred and six votes out of one hundred and sixty, and although running ahead of his ticket he was defeated for the office of sheriff by a small majority. In the fall of 1900 Mr. Shapard was nominated on the Democratic ticket for the legislature and was again defeated by a small majority. That settled his political aspirations and he determined to succeed in another way. And this he has abundantly done.
Shortly after his political adventures, Mr. Shapard opened a railroad house for the accommodation of railroad men, which proved a success, largely owing to his thrifty nature and knowledge of the needs of this class of men from past experience. He subsequently invested his accumulated capital in real estate and other enterprises and became a large stockholder in the Garden City Brewing Company, for a number of years being vice president of that thriving concern. He has also been engaged in mineral investments and is a heavy stockholder in the Hellgate coal mine, occupying the offices of secretary and treasurer of the same. This is a very valuable mine, having an eight-foot vein of fine coal and its output is largely consumed in Missoula, doing away with the necessity of long distance shipping. In 1904 he became the owner 'of what was known as the Kennedy hotel and renamed it the Shapard hotel and he has since made manifold improvements until the hostelry is the largest in the city. He has made additions and it now has one hundred and twenty-five rooms, which are all needed to accommodate his ever increasing patronage, which is the largest of any hotel in the city. He is president of the Carter Mining & Milling Company of Montana, a gold mine with a great future, and also owns city realty of first class order. In short, no man has contributed in more definite manner to the growth and development of Missoula than this self made and progressive citizen.
Mr. Shapard was happily married in April, 1892, Mary Garrity. a native of Minnesota, becoming his wife. Fraternally the subject is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.
[Source: "The History of Montana" by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Sub. by a Friend of Free Genealogy]

Major Andrew J. Squires
MAJOR ANDREW J. SQUIRES is to be mentioned among the earliest pioneer settlers of Okanogan county, (WA) where for nearly twenty years he has labored with faithfulness and success, conducting himself in such a manner that he is esteemed by all, and has won many friends. His home, which is a farm located eight miles southwest of Tonasket post office, is very valuable. One hundred acres of the estate is exceptionally fertile land, and produces bounteous crops of hay and the cereals, besides fruits and vegetables. Mr. Squires handles stock in addition to general farming and is a prosperous man. Andrew J. Squires was born in Kingwood, Preston county, West Virginia, on November 4, 1828, the son of Thomas and Mary (Faucett) Squires. The father was born in the south, and died recently in Virginia, aged ninety-nine. The mother died in Virginia, aged ninety. Our subject grew up in West Virginia, and received a liberal education, after which he devoted himself to school teaching, and taught five or six years. When the war broke out, he was in the middle of a term of school, but closing the school, he immediately enlisted on the Union side in Company D, Third Virginia Infantry, as a private. This was in the spring of 1861. He immediately received promotion to orderly sergeant, and continued to ascend until he reached a captaincy, then his regiment was consolidated with the Second, and the allied forces were afterward known as the Sixth West Virginia Veteran Volunteer Cavalry, of which our subject was appointed major. He was in numerous skirmishes, and participated in the battles of MacDowell, Cross Keys, and the Second Bull Run. He was taken prisoner on one occassion at New Creek, West Virginia, but escaped in a few hours. At the close of the war, his second enlistment was nearly out, so he was detained to fight Indians. They traveled through the Indian Territory to Wyoming, and in the winter of '65-6 built Fort Caspar. He was in charge of this construction and also was commander of all troops from Fort Larmaie to South Pass. In March 1866, Major Squires was ordered back to West Virginia to be mustered out. He served five solid years in the army, but has never applied for a pension. After the war he went to Michigan, and engaged in the real estate business in Detroit. Later we see him in Missoula, Montana, whence he went to Mission Creek and took up mining. This occupied him for a decade, and in 1884, he left British Columbia and looked around for a location. Finding his present place as good as any, he took it by squatter's rights in 1886. His nearest neighbor was sixteen miles, and he knows thoroughly what the life of the real pioneer means. Mr. Squires has a fine band of cattle and other stock. Politically, he has always been a Republican. It is of interest to note that Major Squires was born upon the day that Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States, and for that reason was named after that celebrity.
[Source: "An illustrated History of Stevens, Ferry, Okanogan, and Chelan Counties in the state of Washington" Western Historical Publishing Company, 1904 - Tr. by Helen Coughlin]

A M. Stevens.
The development of the Northwest on the high plane that has been the rule, and in every department of its natural resources, is due primarily to the superior character and ability of the men who first settled here and thus became the builders of the foundation upon which the present growth and progress depend. It took men with great courage and insight with confidence born of knowledge to foster the new enterprises and to urge the cultivation of untried crops on virgin lands, and that such men were here to do these things is cause for congratulation on the part of all people who now live and prosper in this great country. A well-known pioneer in this development work in this section of the state is Mr. A. M. Stevens, a descendant of a sturdy old New England family, and at present engaged in the real estate and mining business on an extensive scale, in Missoula.
Mr. Stevens was born at Honesdale, Pennsylvania, the son of William and Olive (Bidwell) Stevens. His mother was a native of Massachusetts, while, hr father was born at Stevens Manor, St. Ives, Conwall, England, a member of a distinguished England family, who came to the United States when a child and at the time of the Civil war enlisted in a Pennsylvania regiment of the Union army. Later he was transferred to Company B, First New York Cavalry, which served under Sheridan in the Shenandoah valley, and it was while there that he contracted the disease that ultimately caused his death in 1866.
A. M. Stevens when a boy attended the public schools of Pennsylvania, and upon reaching the age of maturity first engaged in business drilling for oil at Bradford, Pennsylvania. In the spring of 1888 he removed with his family to Montana. It was his original intention to locate at Victor and had bought his ticket for that point, but arriving at Missoula he found the railroad not completed to Victor and he accordingly decided to remain here. Previous to coming here, in 1882, he was married to Myrta Wright, a native of Rochester, Minnesota. They have three children. Marguerite O., E. Lucile and Lyman W. Mrs. Stevens is one of the most popular women in Missoula and is especially well known as a member of and worker in the Rebecca lodge, of which she was an early president, and she has also been a delegate to the grand lodge and is an influential member of the home board of the order. Mr. Stevens is likewise a leader in lodge -circles among the principal orders with which he is affiliated being the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks.
Upon his arrival in Missoula in 1888 Mr. Stevens first secured employment as a machinist with the Northern Pacific Railway Company continuing in the position for two years. He then became interested in the fruit commission business and with his usual enthusiasm urged the production of horticultural products by growers in this part of the state, becoming one of the pioneer factors in the promotion of the development of this important industry. It was almost entirely due to his efforts and influence that the Northern Pacific Railway Company was induced to furnish fruit trains and in many other ways he was successful in aiding the industry to become established on a profitable basis. Mr. Stevens continued to conduct his commission and mercantile business until 1005 when he disposed of it and turned his attention to real estate and mining brokerage transactions. It was while thus engaged that he secured some valuable mining property and in 1909 he organized the Windfall Placer Mining Company at Windfall Gulch, incorporating the concern during the same year. For twenty-five years he has been a close student of geology and mineralogy.
Mr. Stevens' interest in public affairs has always been particularly conspicuous and effective. Politically he is a stanch advocate of Republican principles. His career as an official extends over several years and embraces occupation of some of the most honorable offices in the gift of the people of this community. He was an alderman from the Second ward in 1894, was public administrator in 1896, while in 1901 and 1902 he filled the mayor's chair with great honor and credit to himself and satisfaction to the public. At one time during his absence from the city his friends sought to thrust further honor upon him and nominated him for the legislature, but this office Mr. Stevens declined to become a candidate for, although he appreciated highly the confidence in him which the action of his friends showed. Personally Mr. Stevens is broad minded and progressive, independent in thought and action, and possesses a character of high morality and unquestioned integrity.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Frederick Charles Webster.
The subject of this sketch is a native of the old town of Litchfield, Connecticut. He is descended from John Webster, one of the early governors of Connecticut Colony. He was prepared for college at the Litchfield Academy, was graduated from Yale, and then studied law at Litchfield in the office of Hon. Edward W. Seymour. After his admission to the bar of Connecticut, he started west and finally settled at Missoula in 1888. He practiced law in partnership with Judge Frank H. Woody until the latter was elected to the bench. He was twice elected county attorney of Missoula county, twice mayor of the city of Missoula, and upon the retirement of Judge Woody he succeeded him as judge of the fourth judicial district. After twelve years' service he declined a re-nomination and resumed the practice of law at Missoula.
He was married in 1889 to Anna C. Bye, and has three children living, Fred B., Charles Nonian and Anna I. Webster.
[Source: the History of Montana by Helen Fitzgerald Sanders, Volume 3, 1913 - Submitted by Friends for Free Genealogy]

Frank Hargrave Woody
1833 - 1916
As submitted by Michael A Woody of Yucaipa CA

A QUICK DESCENT as told by Frank Woody. From the Book "Following Old Trails" by A. L. Stone

FIFTY-FIVE years ago this week a young North Carolinian was trudging down the Bitter Root valley, swinging a whip over a four-yoke bull team and heading for the Hell Gate river as unknown to him as the Nile but to which he had contracted to pilot that team of plodding steers. October 15, 1856, just 55 years ago it will be on Sunday, this young man and his party reached their destination. The tar was so well worn from the heels of this North Carolina boy that when he reached the Hell Gate (one word unreadable) he stayed there and ever since it has been his home. And thus it happens that Sunday upon which this story will be printed is the anniversary of the arrival in the Missoula valley of the man who is the oldest white citizen of Montana in point of length of residence, a citizen who is honored by his fellows and respected by all, Judge Frank H. Woody, of Missoula. I esteem it an unusual privilege that I have been admitted to some degree of intimacy with Judge Woody. In the visits we have had together during the 20 years that we have been friends, he has given me the clearest idea I have ever obtained from anybody of the conditions and customs of Montana's early days. But more than that, the pleasant association which I have had with Judge Woody has given me a good insight into the sturdiness of the men who made Montana. It has implanted in me a wholesome respect for the effort which they made and for the hardships which they passed through to build this state for us who came later. It is not that Judge Woody has preached or has ever complained. I have never heard from him a story which was not happily told and in which the humorous side of the situation was not given the prominence which it deserved. His word-pictures are always painted in bright colors, but they are portrayed in such accurate detail that they afford the listener the opportunity to see for himself the incidents which they depict. It is, therefore, rather from the studied of these details that I have formed my impressions than from any appeal which the judge ever made for sympathy for the pioneer or from any gallery play which he might have made for applause, for he has never done one or the other. I sat in Judge Woody's office the other day and asked him if there was any detail he wished to add to the story which he had already told me of his arrival in Montana. "I guess not" he answered with a laugh.
"I never think of coming over the Big Hole pass on that trip that I do not recall just how fast we came down that hill. I don't know as I ever told you how fast we came but I don't know if I could tell you if I tried. I never traveled so fast before down any hill and I know I haven't since. There was just a streak of wagons and oxen in an atmosphere of dust and profanity. It was a regular toboggan slide and we slid it. That is the one feature of the crossing of the divide into the Bitter Root that I see first when ever the thought of the trip comes to me. I think the record we made that day for speed on a mountain will never be equaled, I don't want to be on the trip if it is."
"I went to the office of Capt. Hopper to draw some money when Capt. Hooper stopped me and asked if I could drive oxen. I told the Capt. that I could certainly drive oxen and he said there was a man in town who wanted to go to the Flathead country to trade with the Indians for horses."
"The result was that my chum and I contracted to take these ox-teams to the Hell Gate river, 600 miles or so, for $15 a month and to start in two or three days. Our boss was a Mormon named VanEtten. Hooper & Williams sent a tree team outfit along with our two teams. Both of our teams were oxen, four yokes each. The other outfit had two similar teams and one mule team. Early in September we headed north. Our route was along the lake and then up the Malade valley, then over Bannack mountain and down the river of the same name, across country to Port Neufriver and north to the Snake river at Fort Hall. Then we followed the Snake until we could ford it, then over to Market lake and Medicine Lodge creek, where we struck an Indian trail which took us over the Rocky mountains and down to Red Rock creek. "
"This brought us into what is now Montana. As nearly as I can remember, it was about the first of October that we struck this place and for the first time I saw our state, not formed then. The journey had been without mishap and we had made good time. Ahead of us loomed the mountains that marked the location of the Bitter Root and we turned across Horse Prairie to the Big Hole basin." "Over the Big Hole country we moved rapidly. It was a wonderful valley we thought then and I think so now. Such grass I had never seen before. The stock got fat, despite the pace at which we moved. Soon, one night found us at the very head of the Big Hole. We faced the steep pass of the continental divide. We camped there on Trail creek that night and pulled out the next morning for the climb over the pass. "
" That was the worst teaming we had on the trip. The streams, and there were a good many of them, had cut deep channels in the soft soil of the valley. It was terrible fording. I managed to upset my outfit and had a lively scene with the boss. But I got righted after a while and we struggled on out of the valley and up the hill. All day we pounded those steers up that hill, they pulled and heaved and strained but it was night before we reached the open glade that was the summit and I'm sure the animals were as glad as we were when we made camp. It was a beautiful park and didn't seem except for the chill air as if we were on the top of the divide. We slept well that night."
"In the morning came the preparation for the descent on the Bitter Root side. We prospected the trail and found that we had two miles of straight down trail ahead of us. There was no road, just an old Indian trail. One wagon outfit had been over the pass the year before, but it was lightly loaded and had made no road. Emanuel Martin, known as Old Manwell the Spaniard, had taken three wagons over, we learned later but it didn't help us much. We looked over the old Indian trail and followed that."
"The Indians were better road makers than most of the civil engineers, they didn't know much about grades and levels, but they had good sense in picking a route. Our trail ran a little to the east than the present road, but it was practically the same road, and you know how steep it is now. It was just as steep then, only it hadn't been dug in at all anywhere." " We rough-locked the wagon wheels and took the two swing yokes of oxen and hitched them behind to pull back. With the leaders and wheelers in front and the swing teams behind, we started down the hill. Two men pounding the swing teams over the heads to make them pull back, they just slid down the hill. And the dust that we made! The yells and the snorts and the dust made a Bedlam. But we got to the bottom alright and were mighty thankful to find everyone there and everything right side up. That was the hardest bit of traveling that I ever did. "
"We straightened out and went down along the stream to Ross Hole. There is a good road down the Bitter Root from there now, but there was none at all through the canyon then and we had to make a detour over small but steep mountain on the east side before we got into the Bitter Root proper. We did this however, with out accident and entered the famous valley." "The rest of the day was easy going. When we reached the mouth of Willow creek, just below the site of Corvallis, we found the first sign of white settlement. Here were the cabins of Lt. Mullan's camp of 1853. There were a couple of white men there then, herding some stock. At old Fort Owen we found a log stockade and a little group of cabins. Major Owen was away at Benton at the time, but there were three white men at the fort, Henri M. Chase being in charge. The journey from there to the Hell Gate river was with out incident and we reached the end of our journey October 15. That was my first glimpse of the Missoula valley. Where Missoula now stands, there were that day 300 lodges of Indians, camped for trading with Owen when he should come back from Benton. I have been away from this valley for short periods of time since then, but this place has ever since been my home and it is as good a place I have ever found. There have been a good many changes since then, but the picture of the valley as it looked to me that day is now as distinct as if it was only yesterday. And I have never since traveled as fast as I did that day coming down the Big Hole Pass." October 14, 1911

Sarah Elizabeth Countryman Woody
1853 - 1919
As submitted by Michael Woody of Yucaipa, CA
A letter written by Elizabeth (Countryman) Woody, Wife of Franklin Hargrave Woody both from early times in Missoula, Montana.
Kalispell, Montana, September 10, 1918
I, Elizabeth Countryman Woody, was born in Yuba County, California, January 6, 1853, on Dry Creek, where placer mining was carried on. When I was a year and a half old my parents went via Isthmus of Panama to New York and then to Iowa, they stayed at a little village called Wadena on the Volga where we remained for some years until 1860, when the wanderlust again seized my father and we started for California, which took us six months and three days to get to my grand parents, sixteen miles north of Marysville, California. About seventy-five wagons made up our wagon train. There were five women and three children, the rest men well armed and provisioned. My father Horace Countryman, was Captain of the outfit. The Indians were bad, on the war-path that year. We had many narrow escapes, much of the time were so terrified. We would see by the roadside as we passed on smoldering wagons and other effects, the Indians taking what they wanted and burning the rest, murdering the immigrants or taking them prisoners. I could tell many tales of our hardships, and often now wonder why or how we escaped. Our train had from one to three men for each wagon, so we were unusually strong and could have put up a good fight. It certainly was by the mercy of God, and my father's bravery, coolness and good judgment that we arrived at our destination safely, with one addition to our family, my sister being born three or four days before we reached there. The children were always kept close to the wagons. When camp would be made, and if the situation seemed very bad, a corral of the wagons would be made and all the stock turned in there and guarded as well. Then again, they could feed all night, The live stock consisted of horses, oxen and cows. Sometimes an ox would become sorefooted and a cow would be put in the yoke, thus doing double duty, Again we would remain in camp two or three days where grass, wood and water was more plentiful, so the stock and everybody could rest up, bake bread, wash and do the numerous things that were necessary. Finally we reached California, a tired but thankful lot of people. We, my father's family, remained there a few months, then took the back track for Washoe, Nevada, then in a few months went to Lakes Bridge on the Truckee River, just where Reno now is. Only four houses were there when we left for Montana, Lakes Hotel, Grandfather's and uncle's house and our own. Then in 1865 we sold our place there, and started for Montana. The family remained at Willard City, Utah for the summer, and my father came on to Virginia City, Montana, In the fall we joined him there with our household goods, including two cows and a cat. We were told that cats brought ten dollars each. We had no intention of selling the family cat but in a short time she disappeared and much wailing was heard. My father put up the quartz mill at Summit, the first one in Montana, built the Masonic Hall in Virginia, (I have always had such a tender spot in my heart for Virginia). Also a mill at Highland Gulch, the Hope Mill at Philipsburg and the Masonic Hall there. Philipsburg I am fond of too. My father was the man that rode from Stillwater, Montana (now Columbus) to Helena to carry the news of the massacre of Custer and his brave men. I am proud of the history my father and husband made for Montana. I just had to tell of father in order to tell of myself. When we went to Philipsburg I was asked to take the school there, the first school, which I did. Had few pupils but they were lively. I was reminded of our Iowa home, where the teachers boarded round. Tho' I lived at home when noon came I was besieged to go home with one for lunch. I did and thereafter it was a daily occurrence or else hurt some child's feelings. Those were happy days. In the fall of 1869 found us on our way to Salt Lake City so my brother and myself could attend St Mark's Episcopal school, looked after by dear Bishop Tuttle. My father went on to White Pine, Nevada, to look after some mill work. We were three weeks going from Philipsburg to Salt Lake City as we traveled leisurely. My health failing. My father and I left Ogden, Utah, in March, 1870, coming back to dear Montana, Deer Lodge being our ultimate destination. It was a bitter cold trip. On the stage that preceded ours, several Chinamen were frozen to death, and I was in much the same condition, Five nights and days we were en route. One other lady was along, and the coach was filled with men, inside and out, not even room for the proverbial one more. The others of the family came on to Deer Lodge the last of June. I was asked to take the school in Missoula, which I did on the fifth of July, it being the second term held in Missoula. I was with friends, the Dana's, who formerly lived in Philipsburg when we did. I gathered up the children for the first Sunday-school in Missoula, children and parents and others attending. I finally persuaded a man by the name of Sims to superintend it, and thus relieve me. It was July 10th, 1870 that Bishop Tuttle held the first Protestant service here, in the Court-house. Only Mrs. Dickinson, Mrs. Meyers and myself are all that remain of those who were present at the services. Hardships we. had in those days, but yet how much pleasure from so little. We all shared alike, no striving to out-do another, tho' when one of the women concocted some new dish out of the little we had to do with she did feel a little nifty, but shared the dish and formula with the others, Six women were in Missoula when I came and the bridge about where the county bridge is now, west of the city, had gone out by high water in the spring, and the only way we had of visiting a family who lived on the flat south side, was to raise a white cloth on a pole, and Mr. Blaine would come with his rowboat and take us over and return us when the day was done. I was called home to Deer Lodge in September by the death of my dear mother. The next spring we moved to Missoula, my father going to the Flathead Indian Agency where he put up several buildings and a little saw-mill. I was married in Missoula to Frank H Woody, December 10th, 1871. Had the Rector at Deer Lodge come down to perform the ceremony. The snow was deep, and hard to get about; we took the charivari good naturedly as it was all meant in kindness and to show their good feelings for us. Forty-five years together with its ups and downs, sorrows and pleasures, makes the heart sad, and yet I am glad I had it, tho' there is such a pulling at the heartstrings now. I hope I have not taken up too much time, but there is so much to tell and there seems no good stopping place. With kindest feelings for all the Pioneers, I am
sincerely, Elizabeth Woody

(Below the letter in handwriting that I believe was Elizabeth's son Frank Woody)
This was evidently written for one of the Pioneer Meetings & this is a copy from the original she had made at Kalispell.
(More hand writing from my mother Helen C Woody, wife of John Newton Woody, Frank's son)
Strangely, in none of her letters or accounts does she mention falling into a fire on one of these wagon train trips, which burned off the end of her little finger on the right hand and crippled he right hip, so she always used a cane.

Frank Worden

• Born: October 15, 1830 in Vermont of Welsh descent.

• Married: Lucretia Miller in November 29, 1866. Her parents were Henry and Caroline Miller of Pennsylvania. Lucretia was 14 years old. There wedding was a community holiday, attended by everyone. Their Pine Street home, where they raised their seven children, is where the first Elm and Maple trees and lilac bushes in Missoula were planted. Worden transplanted the trees from Vermont.

• Died: February 5, 1887

• 1844 – At 14 years old began clerking in Troy New York upon completion of business education.

• 1852 – Traveled to San Francisco CA as a clerk.

• 1854 – Traveled to Oregon and dabbled in mining.

• 1855 – Joined the Oregon volunteers in a war against the Oregon and Washington Territory Indians.

• 1856 – Clerk for the Indian department under Isaac I Stephens.

• 1877 – Took a small amount of trade goods to Walla Walla WA. He was only the second person engaged in the merchandise business in that area. He soon bought out the other business man and became the sole merchant in that part of the country. He also was commissioned the Post Master of that territory.

• 1860 – Formed partnership with Capt C P Higgins and arrived in Missoula at Hell Gate (Mullan Road today). The Worden family continues in business today in various locations in Missoula.

• 1862 – Gold was discovered in Gold Creek. The partners built a store stocked with goods which continued until 1863.

• 1863 – Moved all their goods to Deer Lodge MT to open the first mercantile in the area. This business was sold in 1868.

• 1864 – Worden, Higgins, and David Pattee (Pattee Street) built a saw mill and grist mill in Missoula (about where the Holiday Inn sits today). The mill property was finished as one of the finest and most complete mills and workmanship in the valley.

• 1864 – Elected to the Territorial Legislature, representing the counties of Missoula Deer Lodge and Choteau. He was also elected County Commissioner and served as Chairman. He had a long political career on the Republican ticket.

• Worden, Higgins, and McCormick – laid out about 100 acres in town lots as an addition to Missoula city.

• 1883 – Engaged in ditching and laying pipes for the purpose of supplying the city with water.

• 1886 – First chairman of the cemetery board. Mrs Worden was also later on the cemetery board at a time when it was unheard of for women to be in such a position.

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