The Nebraska Indians Today
There have been great changes in the Indian Tribes which once called Nebraska their home. The Pawnees, reduced in number to 653, live on their reservation in Oklahoma.
Next to the Pawnees on the west is the reserve of the Otoes and Missouri's, living together as one tribe now numbering only 411. They have a beautiful rich prairie bordered with timber for their home.
Joining the Otoe reserve on the north is the land of the Poncas. Here live the part of the Ponces, 583 in number, who did not return to Nebraska.
Thus side by side in the heart of Oklahoma live three tribes of Nebraska Indians.
They visit each other and keep alive the memory of the land in the north where they once lived. They still think of Nebraska as their old home and their children grow up hearing, from the lips of the older men and women, many wonderful stories of the old times.
The former Nebraska Sioux, who number about 12,000 people, live on their great reservation in South Dakota. They are often seen in the Nebraska towns along the border.
Part of the Cheyenne's and Arapahoe's who once roamed western Nebraska are now in Oklahoma and number about 2,000. The remainder are in Wyoming.
There are at the present time 3,784 Indians in Nebraska. Of these the Omaha and Ponca are the only Native Nebraska Tribes.
The Omaha's number 1,276 and live in Thurston County.
The Nebraska band of the Poncas has about 290 members and lives at its old home near the mouth of the Niobrara River.
The Indians now living in Nebraska who were moved here by the United States are as follows:
The Winnebagos, 1,063 in number, live neighbors to the Omaha's. Their former home was in Wisconsin and Minnesota. They came to Nebraska in 1865.
The Santee Sioux were moved from Minnesota in 1864, and settled in Knox County along the Missouri River. There are 1,155 of them.
The Sauk and Fox Indians of Missouri were located in 1861 on a reserve in southeast Nebraska and northeast Kansas. The number about 100.
History and Stories of Nebraska
Rights of Indians
All the Indians now living in Nebraska are citizens and have the same right to vote and to hold office that white people have. They own some of the best land in the state, much of it rented to white farmers.
Some of the Indians work hard and are learning the white man's way of living, while others cling to the old life and love to spend their time visiting each other and telling stories of the days before the white men came.
Their children go to school and learn the English language, although the Indian Languages are still spoken in their home.
Passing of the Old Life
In a few years the old languages and the old Indian ways will be gone forever and nothing will remain of Indian life in Nebraska but its story.
History and Stories of Nebraska - 1914