for Charles of Carrollton
a part of Strafford county, was incorporated
Dec. 22, 1840. Ossipee is the shire town.
Albany was incorporated Nov. 10, 1766, as
Burton. The name was changed in 1834.
COUNTY, in the eastern part of the state, north
of Lake Winnepesaukee, contains an area of about
560 square miles.
It was established by act
of the legislature, December 23, 1840, receiving
its name out of respect to Hon. Charles Carroll,
one of the signers of the Declaration of
Independence. The territory first comprised in
the county was taken from Stratford, in fourteen
towns, as follows : Albany, Brookfield, Chatham,
Conway, Eaton, Eflingham, Freedom,
Moultonborough, Sandwich, Tamworth,
Tuftonborough, Ossipee, Wakefield, and Wolf
borough. Since the erection of the county, two
towns — Jackson (formerly Adams), and Bartlett—
have been added (in 1853) from Coos; and Madison
has been incorporated from Eaton, making in all
seventeen towns in the county. There is also one
is mountainous,— Ossipee mountain and Chocoma
peak rising considerably above the rest of the
country. The soil, though stubborn and requiring
much attention, is mostly of a productive
quality. Quite a number of lakes and ponds
diversify the face of the county, the most
notable of which is Ossipee lake; and there are
numerous small streams, giving to the
inhabitants water-power sufficient for all
practical purposes. The county is drained by the
Ossipee and Saco rivers. Ossipee has always been
the shire town.
county belongs to the fourth judicial district.
A law term of the supreme judicial court is held
annually at Ossipee on the second Tuesday of
July. There are two jury terms of both the
supreme judicial and common pleas courts, each
commencing on the second Tuesday of May and
third Tuesday of November.
was incorporated June 16, 1790.
Carroll county, a small town lying at the foot
of the White Mountains, is seventy-five miles
northeast from Concord. It was originally
granted to William Stark, Vere Royce, and
others, for services during the French and
Indian war in Canada. A Mr. Harriman, and two
brothers by the name of Emery, were among the
first who permanently located here. In 1777, a
few years after the arrival of the above, Daniel
Fox, Paul ?illy, and Captain Samuel Willey, from
Lee, commenced a settlement in what is now known
as Upper Bartlett.
was incorporated June 16, 1790, receiving its
name in honor of Governor Bartlett. Many rather
trying yet amusing anecdotes might be related of
the early settlers. The hardships were those
which are the natural offspring of pioneer life
; and, though they sometimes brought weariness
to the body, the minds of these people were
fruitful in expedients for overcoming and
ultimately subduing them. Hon. John Pendexter
came from Portsmouth at an early period, and
settled in the south part of the town, near
Conway. With his wife he travelled eighty miles
in winter, she riding on a feeble old horse with
a feather-bed under her, a child in her arms,
and he by her side drawing a hand-sled, on which
were their household goods. At the time of the
great disaster near the Notch, when the Willey
family were destroyed, a circumstance almost as
frightful occurred in connection with the family
of Mr. Emery, who lived at a place called
Jericho, near the Rocky Branch, a tributary of
the Saco. That stream swelled enormously, and,
by the rocks, trees, and logs which it brought
down in its vehement course, made a complete dam
just below the spot where the house stood. By
this accumulation of water the house was raised
from its foundation, being buoyed up on its
surface like a boat. In this perilous situation
the inhabitants remained all night, and it was
only by the wonderful workings of Providence
that they were saved from a watery grave. The
land in this irregularly-shaped town is rather
poor, with the exception of that on the banks of
the Saco, which river flows through here in a
a great place of resort for berries, the in
habitants coming from miles around. Pequawket or
Kearsarge mountain, rising up 3,400 feet in a
sort of pyramidal form, lies mostly in the
southeast section of the town, a part of it
being in Chatham. It is almost isolated from the
other hills in the vicinity, and its huge bulk
and gigantic proportions are brought more boldly
into view. A large hotel is built on its highest
point, for the accommodation of visitors. In
Upper Bartlett is a neat little edifice, known
as the " Chapel of the Hills," built through the
efforts of Rev. Mr. Souther among the people of
the place, aided with a handsome contribution of
three hundred dollars from a Mrs. Snow; who,
however, died a short time before this object of
her pious munificence was attained. The house
was dedicated January 21, 1854, the interesting
occasion calling together a large attendance,
notwithstanding the deep snows of the mountain
two church edifices—Methodist and Free-will
Baptist; six school districts, and two
post-offices: Bartlett and Lower Bartlett: also,
four sawmills, three grist-mills, two stores,
and two tanneries.
-Brookfield, part of Middleton, was
incorporated Dec. 30, 1794.
Carroll county, lies in the eastern part of the
state, forty-five miles from Concord. It was,
prior to its incorporation in December, 1794, a
part of the territory of the adjoining town of
person who took up his abode here was Nicholas
Richard Hanson erected the first
The soil is
good, and the surface generally level; the only
elevation being Moose mountain, which has a pond
of about fifteen acres on its summit, having at
all seasons the same amount of water in it. The
West branch of Salmon Falls river has its source
in Cook's pond, which is about one mile long and
three quarters of a mile wide.
Corner is the name of the only village. The
trade consists chiefly of the various kinds of
dry goods and groceries, and the inhabitants are
generally employed in the cultivation of the
soil. Brookfield has two churches—Free-will
Baptist and Methodist; five school districts;
several saw-mills and shingle mills; as w'ell as
the usual mechanic shops necessary for a small
community. A post-office is located
incorporated Feb. 7, 1767.
including Madison, was incorporated Nov. 7,
1766. Conway, formerly called Pequakett, was
incorporated April 6, 1772.
including part of Freedom, formerly called
Leavitt's Town, was incorporated Aug. 8, 1788.
formed from part of Effingham and Ossipee Gore,
was incorporated June 16, 1831.
incorporated as Adams, Dec. 4, 1800, had its
name changed in 1829.
Eaton divided, was incorporated in June, 1853.
Moultonborough was incorporated Nov. 27,
formerly called New Garden, was incorporated
Feb. 22, 1785.
was incorporated Oct. 25, 1768.
was incorporated Oct. 14, 1766.
Tuftonborough was incorporated Dec. 17,
originally called East Town, was incorporated
Aug. 30, 1774.
Wolfeborough was incorporated July 9,
Province, State 1623-1888 History of New
Hampshire, John N. McClintock, Boston,
History and Description of New England.
New Hampshire, 1860
[contributed by: aFoFG