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Short Biographies of the
New Mexico Governors

1912 to 2008

William C. McDonald (1858 - 1918), was born in Jordanville, New York. He was a U.S. Democrat politician and the first Governor of State of New Mexico, serving from 1912 to 1917.

Ezequiel Cabeza De Baca (November 1, 1864 - February 18, 1917) was an American politician and the second Governor of New Mexico. He was born in Las Vegas, New Mexico on November 1, 1864. He studied at the Jesuit College and became a journalist. In 1891, he was associated with Antonio Lucero and Felix Martinez to publish the Las Vegas Spanish weekly newspaper La Voz del Pueblo. He was elected the Governor of New Mexico on November 7, 1916 and inaugurated on January 1, 1917. He passed away on February 18, 1917 in office after a long illness.

Washington Ellsworth Lindsey (December 20, 1862 - April 5, 1926) was an American politician and the third Governor of New Mexico. Lindsey was born near Armstrong, Ohio on December 20, 1862. He was the son of Robert Washington and Julia Anne (Shipman) Lindsey. He graduated from Scio College in 1884. He then worked as a teacher in Ohio, New York, and Illinois. He went to the University of Michigan and completed his LL.B. degree in 1891. After serving as a governor, Lindsey started his legal career. In 1924 he served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention. He died in Portales, New Mexico on April 5, 1926. He was buried somewhere in Portales, New Mexico.

Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo (December 7, 1859 – April 7, 1930) served as Governor and Senator from New Mexico. He was the first United States Senator of Hispanic heritage. Larrazolo was born in El Valle de San Bartolo (now Allende) in what is now the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, on December 7, 1859. A devoutly religious man, he moved to Tucson, Arizona, in 1870 to study under the bishop of Arizona. He studied theology and attended St. Michael's College at Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1875 and 1876. After returning to Tucson to teach in public schools for a brief time, and then moved to teach in El Paso County, Texas. Shortly after moving to El Paso, Larrazolo was appointed clerk of the district court at El Paso and then clerk of the United States District and Circuit Courts for the Western District of Texas at El Paso. He was admitted to the bar in 1888 and was elected district attorney for the western district of Texas in 1890 and reelected in 1892. Larrazolo moved to Las Vegas, New Mexico, in 1895 and resumed the practice of law. He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election as a Delegate to Congress from the New Mexico Territory in 1890, 1900, and 1908. In 1911 Larrazolo changed political affiliations to the Republican when the State Convention of the Democratic Party had denied his request that one-half of all statewide nominees be Hispanic to represent the sixty percent of the population of New Mexico that was Hispanic. He was elected as the first Hispanic to serve as Governor of the State of New Mexico. After serving two years as Governor, he was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives in 1927 and 1928. After the death of Senator Andrieus A. Jones in 1928, Larrazolo ran for and won the special election to the vacant seat. He only served six months (the remaining duration of Jones' term), and did not seek reelection due to illness. Nevertheless, Larrazolo was the first Hispanic elected to the United States Senate. Larrazolo died on April 7, 1930 and is interred in Santa Barbara Cemetery in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Merritt Cramer Mechem (10 October 1870 - 24 May 1946) was a territorial Supreme Court justice and one-term Republican governor of New Mexico. Mechem was born in Ottawa, Franklin County, Kansas to Homer C. Mechem and Martha (Davenport) Mechem. He graduated from public school in Kansas and attended the University of Kansas and Ottawa University in Ottawa, Kansas. He was admitted to the bar in 1893. After practicing law in Fort Smith, Arkansas for ten years, he moved his law practice to Tucumcari, New Mexico at the age of thirty-two in 1903. Mechem was appointed by Governor Otero as the district attorney for Quay and Guadalupe Counties of New Mexico, a position he held from 1905 to 1909, being reappointed by Governor Hagerman. He also served as a member of the New Mexico Territorial Council from 1909 to 1911. In 1909 President Taft appointed him a justice on the New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court where he served until 1911. Thereafter he served as a district judge for the Seventh Judicial District in Socorro until1920, being twice re-elected. On the twelfth of February, 1910, in Santa Fe, Judge Mechem was married to Miss Eleanor Frances O'Hara, a native of Chicago, Illinois. In September 1917 in a famous attempt to silence the press Judge Mechem convicted the editor of the New Mexican of criminal contempt for publishing a story about the judge's affidavit in a separate libel case against the newspaper. The contempt conviction was speedily reversed, but the underlying libel case was not dismissed until October1919.In 1920 he became the Republican candidate for governor and won by the largest percentage vote of any previous New Mexico gubernatorial election. He decided not to run for a second term. In 1923 he opened his law practice in Albuquerque which he maintained until his death. His law offices were in the First National Bank building where he later associated with another former governor, Arthur T. Hannett. He served a term as president of the state bar association, and was a ranking Mason, an affiliate of the Scottish Rite bodies and holder of the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite at Santa Fe. He was also a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Sons of the American Revolution, the American Bar Association, and the Albuquerque Lawyers Club.

James F. Hinkle (October 20, 1864 - March 26, 1951) was an American politician and the sixth Governor of New Mexico. Hinkle was born in Franklin County, Missouri on October 20, 1864. He studied at the University of Missouri. In 1885 he moved to New Mexico and established a successful business career. He served as a member of the Lincoln County Board of Commissioners from 1891 to 1893 and also served as a member of the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1893 to 1896. He became a member of the New Mexico Territorial Senate in 1901 and served as a member of the Lincoln County Board of Equalization from 1901 to 1911. He served as the mayor of Roswell from 1904 to 1906. He then served in the New Mexico State Senate from 1912 to 1917. He was elected the Governor of New Mexico by a popular vote on November 7, 1922. During his term, a First World War veteran's property tax exemption was sanctioned. He was the Governor of New Mexico from January 1, 1923 to January 1, 1925. After leaving the office, he remained active in business. He died in Roswell, New Mexico on March 26, 1951.

Arthur T. Hannett (February 17, 1884 – March 1966) was an American politician who rose to become Governor of New Mexico. He was born in Lyons, New York, the son of William and Mary McCarthy Hannett. After completing high school he entered Syracuse University, where he was graduated in 1910. Hannett came to Gallup, New Mexico in 1911, where he began to practice law. His first public office was City Attorney and he also served as Mayor of Gallup for four years. Hannett married Louise Westfall, daughter of William and Estella Westfall, at Clyde, New York on August 13, 1913. He was an alternate delegate from New Mexico to the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore in 1912, and chairman of the New Mexico delegation at the Democratic National Convention at San Francisco in 1920. After serving as a member of the State Highway Commission from March 1923, until December 1924, Hannett was elected Governor of New Mexico and served from January 1, 1925 until January 1, 1927.

Richard Charles Dillon (June 24, 1877 - January 5, 1966) was an American politician and the eighth Governor of New Mexico. He held governor's office from January 1, 1927 to January 1, 1931. Dillon was born in St. Louis, Missouri on June 24, 1877. His early education was attained in the common schools of Missouri. In 1889, his family moved to Springer, New Mexico. He attended the public schools there. Before entering politics, he worked as a railroad laborer and a merchant. Dillon won election to the New Mexico State Senate in 1924. He held the position for two years. He then secured the Republican gubernatorial nomination. He was elected the governor of New Mexico by a popular vote on November 2, 1926. In 1928 he was re-elected to a second term. During his tenure, the state government was managed in an efficient business-like method and the Carlsbad Caverns were declared a national monument by the federal government. After leaving the office, he retired from political life. He remained active in his business career. He eventually established the R.C. Dillon Company. He died on January 5, 1966. He was buried somewhere in Encino, New Mexico.

Arthur Seligman (June 14, 1873 – September 1933) was an American businessman and politician. Seligman was born in Santa Fe, New Mexico, the son of Bernard and Frances Seligman. In 1887, Seligman graduated from the Southmore College Preparatory School in Pennsylvania, and from Pierce's College of Business in Philadelphia in 1889. He married Frankie E. Harris of Cleveland, Ohio, on July 4, 1896. Seligman entered the mercantile business in Santa Fe.

He held the following corporation positions:

    1. ·President of Seligman Bros., 1903-1926;
    2. ·President of La Fonda Building Corp., 1920-1926;
    3. ·President of the First National Bank, 1924;
    4. ·Director of Northern New Mexico Loan Association.

A Democrat, he also held numerous public offices including:

    1. ·Mayor of Santa Fe;
    2. ·member of the Board of Equalization of New Mexico;
    3. ·Chairman of Santa Fe County Commission;
    4. ·member of board of Irrigation Commission;
    5. ·President of Educational Service Commission;
    6. ·Chairman of Democratic County Central Committee for six years; chairman of City Control Committee for eight years;
    7. ·Chairman of Territorial Democratic Committee (1895-1911);
    8. ·Chairman of Democratic State Committee (1912-1922);
    9. ·delegate to Democratic National Committee (1920-1933);
    10. ·Governor of New Mexico, elected in 1930, and re-elected in 1932

He died while he was Governor of New Mexico.

Andrew W. Hockenhull (January 16, 1877–June 20, 1974) was born in rural Missouri. He attended Southwest Baptist College in Bolivar, Missouri, received a bachelor's degree from the University of Missouri in 1897, and studied law at the University of Texas. Hockenhull married Mame Drake of Bolivar, Missouri on November 20, 1901, and had three daughters. Hockenhull moved to New Mexico in 1908 and began practicing law in Clovis in 1909. He also served as assistant district attorney (1912-1916), and city attorney for six years. A Democrat, Hockenhull was elected Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico in 1930 and was re-elected 1932. He became Governor upon the death of Governor Arthur Seligman in September, 1933, and completed the term in 1934. He is, so far, the only Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico to assume the Governor's office due to the death of the sitting Governor. He also holds the title of the longest surviving former-Governor of New Mexico, living 97 years, and 40 years beyond the expiration of his term.

Clyde K. Tingley (born January 5, 1882, died December 24, 1960) was a U.S. politician from the State of New Mexico who served as Governor, and was a children's healthcare advocate. Tingley was born on a farm near London, Ohio. He lived a modest life of farming. His wife Carrie was a tuberculosis patient, who was told that the climate in Ohio would eventually kill her. Her doctors prescribed visiting or moving to the warmer climate of the southwest, and suggested the Methodist Sanitarium in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Mr. and Mrs. Tingley left Ohio in 1910 for New Mexico. While his wife recovered, Clyde dabbled in local politics. He moved just in time to witness the admittance of New Mexico as a state, and almost immediately he was alarmed over how the dominant Republican Party ran the State. Tingley's first political positions were in the Albuquerque City Commission (later known as the City Council) as alderman (1912-1920. He later served as district maintenance superintendent of the New Mexico State Highway Department for the Albuquerque district (1925-1926). He was also a delegate to Democratic National Conventions of (1928, 1932, and 1936). Through this entire period, his wife's illness was at his heart, and he was an outspoken advocate for healthcare - particularly for children. Tingley was handily elected Governor of New Mexico in 1934 as proponent of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs. During this time, he set up over a dozen hospitals in the state, including the Carrie Tingley Hospital in honor of his wife, to help children with tuberculosis. He was re-elected in 1936, becoming the first Governor of New Mexico to serve two consecutive terms. In 1938 he successfully resurrected the defunct New Mexico State Fair by breaking ground at the Fairgrounds. The center of the Fairgrounds, Tingley Coliseum is named for him. After the end of his tenure as Governor, he was elected chairman of the Albuquerque City Commission (1940-1953), a position later known as Mayor of Albuquerque. Tingley was responsible for the local introduction and widespread planting of the Siberian Elm (Ulmus pumila) throughout the city of Albuquerque. At the time of pollination, the tree distributes voluminous amounts of granular chaffe which has come to be known as Tingley's Dandruff. Tingley died in Albuquerque at the age of 89.

John Easten Miles (born July 28, 1884, died October 7, 1971) was a U.S. politician who served as governor of the state of New Mexico. Miles was born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He attended the common schools of Tennessee, but left home at the age of seventeen. He settled in Texas and began farming. he did moderately well in that field, but a crop failure in 1906 convinced him to move to Oklahoma and then to New Mexico. He took a homestead there and married Susie C. Wade. Miles began to dabble in politics as an observer at first. When the United States Democratic Party began to take back the New Mexico Legislature in the 1920s, he started taking an active role in the political spectrum. He served in several offices including Quay County Assessor (1920-1924), secretary of the New Mexico State Tax Commission (1925), and secretary of the Democratic State Central Committee. Miles came virtually out of nowhere to be elected Governor in 1938. This was partially because the New Mexico Democratic Party was having a dispute at the time between those who supported Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal and those who opposed it. Miles, an in between who was not an advocate but also did not work against the New Deal, was seen as a compromise. His term was rather uneventful, especially compared to that of his predecessor. Upon completion of Miles' term as Governor he returned to holding various low-level organisational positions including chairman of the Public Service Commission (1943-1948), and Commissioner of Public Lands (1947-1948). Finally, in 1948, the Democratic Party figured Miles would be an easy shot to take out Georgia Lee Lusk in a primary for her Congressional seat. Lusk upset democratic bigwigs two years earlier, including Miles. He just barely edged out Lusk, and only served one term as a Congressman (1949-1950) before retiring from public life. Miles died on October 7, 1971.

John Joseph Dempsey (June 22, 1879 - March 11, 1958) was a United States Representative from New Mexico who also served as Governor of New Mexico. He was born in White Haven, Pennsylvania where he attended grade school. Employed as a telegrapher, he held various positions with the Brooklyn Union Elevator Company. He was the vice president of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company until 1919 when he entered the oil business in Oklahoma in 1919 and was vice president of the Continental Oil and Asphalt Company. He moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico in 1920 and was an independent oil operator and in 1928 became president of the United States Asphalt Company. Dempsey in 1932 was appointed a member and later president of the Board of Regents of the University of New Mexico. He served as the state director for the National Recovery Administration in 1933, then became state director of the Federal Housing Administration and the National Emergency Council. He was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth, Seventy-fifth, and Seventy-sixth Congresses (January 3, 1935-January 3, 1941) but was not a candidate for renomination in 1940 when he was an unsuccessful candidate for nomination for United States Senator. Dempsey served as a member of the United States Maritime Commission 1941. He was the Under Secretary of the Interior from July 7, 1941, until his resignation on June 24, 1942. He was Governor of New Mexico from January 1, 1943, to January 1, 1947 and was unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator in 1946. He was elected to the Eighty-second and the three succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1951, until his death in Washington, D.C., March 11, 1958. He was buried in Rosario Cemetery, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Thomas Jewett Mabry (born October 17, 1884, Carlisle County, Kentucky; died December 23, 1962, Albuquerque, New Mexico) was a New Mexico politician and judge, who was Chief Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court (1939-46) and Governor of New Mexico (1947-51). Mabry attended the University of Oklahoma and the University of New Mexico Law School. He settled in Clovis, New Mexico, where he practiced law and published the local newspaper. He was a member of the New Mexico Constitutional Convention in 1910. Mabry held numerous political and judicial posts, including serving in the New Mexico Senate (1912-17); on the Albuquerque City Commission (1926-27); as District Attorney of Albuquerque (1932-36); and as a state district judge (1937-39). From 1939 to 1946, he was Chief Justice of the New Mexico Supreme Court. He was elected Governor as a Democrat in 1946 and reelected in 1948.

Edwin Leard Mechem (2 July 1912 - 27 November 2002), Republican politician from New Mexico, three-term Governor of New Mexico 1951-1955, 1957-1959, and 1961-1962, United States Senator from New Mexico 1962 to 1964. Born in Alamogordo, he attended Alamogordo and Las Cruces, NM schools. He attended New Mexico A & M (now New Mexico State University), 1930-31 and 1935. He worked as a land surveyor for the U.S. Reclamation Service in Las Cruces from 1932 to 1935. He transferred his college credits to the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville and graduated in 1939 in law. He was admitted to the New Mexico Bar the same year and practiced in Las Cruces and later Albuquerque. He was an FBI agent from 1942 to 1945 and a member of the New Mexico House of Delegates (Representatives), 1947-48. A member of the Committee on Government Security, 1956-57, and a member of the American Law Institute, he was appointed to the U.S. Senate when long-time senator Dionisio "Dennis" Chavez died in November 1962. He served until November 1964 and resumed his law practice after an unsuccessful run for reelection. He was a member of the New Mexico Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch and a member of the New Mexico State Police Commission. He voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, yet was made a Federal Judge on the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico, serving from 1970 to 2002. He was related to another New Mexican Governor, Merritt C. Mechem who was his uncle. His father, Edwin Mechem, Sr. was a respected judge in Las Cruces.

John Field Simms, Jr. (1916-1975) was a U.S. politician from the state of New Mexico. He born in Albuquerque and was a member of the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1947 to 1949. In 1954 he was elected Governor of New Mexico at the age of 38, at the time the youngest governor to be elected in New Mexico. Governor Simms died on April 11, 1975. Governor Simms was a Democrat.

Edwin Leard Mechem (2 July 1912 - 27 November 2002), Republican politician from New Mexico, three-term Governor of New Mexico 1951-1955, 1957-1959, and 1961-1962, United States Senator from New Mexico 1962 to 1964. Born in Alamogordo, he attended Alamogordo and Las Cruces, NM schools. He attended New Mexico A & M (now New Mexico State University), 1930-31 and 1935. He worked as a land surveyor for the U.S. Reclamation Service in Las Cruces from 1932 to 1935. He transferred his college credits to the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville and graduated in 1939 in law. He was admitted to the New Mexico Bar the same year and practiced in Las Cruces and later Albuquerque. He was an FBI agent from 1942 to 1945 and a member of the New Mexico House of Delegates (Representatives), 1947-48. A member of the Committee on Government Security, 1956-57, and a member of the American Law Institute, he was appointed to the U.S. Senate when long-time senator Dionisio "Dennis" Chavez died in November 1962. He served until November 1964 and resumed his law practice after an unsuccessful run for reelection. He was a member of the New Mexico Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch and a member of the New Mexico State Police Commission. He voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, yet was made a Federal Judge on the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico, serving from 1970 to 2002. He was related to another New Mexican Governor, Merritt C. Mechem who was his uncle. His father, Edwin Mechem, Sr. was a respected judge in Las Cruces.

John Burroughs (7 April 1907, Robert Lee, Texas - 21 May 1978, Portales, New Mexico) was a New Mexican businessman and one-term Democratic governor of New Mexico. Burroughs is remembered for honest government and introduction of the concept of a state Personnel Act to improve the quality of state workers and limit somewhat the effect of political patronage. Burroughs graduated from Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) in 1929, and later took some graduate courses at Colorado State University. He obtained his teaching certificate and, after several years of teaching, entered the food processing industry. Eventually, he founded the "Cotton Oil Mill and Peanut Mill Company", which had branches in San Antonio, Texas and Portales, New Mexico. His Texas plant made peanut butter. A first time representative in the New Mexico legislature from Portales in 1957, Burroughs was picked as a gubernatorial candidate for his friendly manner, photogenicity, and honest image. Burroughs beat sitting Governor Mechem by less than one percent of the vote (103,481 to 101,567).As governor Burroughs stressed financial responsibility and pressed state officials to recover funds due and owing to the state. He was not re-elected, and after a second unsuccessful bid for governor, quashed by Clint Anderson, Burroughs retired from politics.

Edwin Leard Mechem (2 July 1912 - 27 November 2002), Republican politician from New Mexico, three-term Governor of New Mexico 1951-1955, 1957-1959, and 1961-1962, United States Senator from New Mexico 1962 to 1964. Born in Alamogordo, he attended Alamogordo and Las Cruces, NM schools. He attended New Mexico A & M (now New Mexico State University), 1930-31 and 1935. He worked as a land surveyor for the U.S. Reclamation Service in Las Cruces from 1932 to 1935. He transferred his college credits to the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville and graduated in 1939 in law. He was admitted to the New Mexico Bar the same year and practiced in Las Cruces and later Albuquerque. He was an FBI agent from 1942 to 1945 and a member of the New Mexico House of Delegates (Representatives), 1947-48. A member of the Committee on Government Security, 1956-57, and a member of the American Law Institute, he was appointed to the U.S. Senate when long-time senator Dionisio "Dennis" Chavez died in November 1962. He served until November 1964 and resumed his law practice after an unsuccessful run for reelection. He was a member of the New Mexico Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch and a member of the New Mexico State Police Commission. He voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964, yet was made a Federal Judge on the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico, serving from 1970 to 2002. He was related to another New Mexican Governor, Merritt C. Mechem who was his uncle. His father, Edwin Mechem, Sr. was a respected judge in Las Cruces.

Thomas Felix Bolack (born May 18, 1918, Cowley County, Kansas; died May 20, 1998, Farmington, New Mexico) was a New Mexico businessman and politician, who served as Governor of New Mexico for 32 days in 1962-63. Bolack was a self-educated oilman who learned geology from correspondence courses. He was also a rancher and owner of the Albuquerque Dukes minor-league baseball team from 1956-63.Bolack was Mayor of Farmington, New Mexico from 1952-54 and a member of the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1956-58. In 1957 he unsuccessfully ran for election to the U.S. House of Representatives, losing soundly to Joseph Montoya. In 1960, Bolack was elected lieutenant governor by a margin of 279 votes, becoming the first Republican lieutenant governor in New Mexico since 1928. He was also the first Republican other than Bronson Cutting in 1934 to win any election above the local level in New Mexico since 1928. That Bolack, an "Anglo" (or New Mexican not of Spanish or Indian descent), was able to defeat a candidate with Spanish ancestry in state-wide elections was seen as one of several signs of the decline of the influence of long-time New Mexico senator Dennis Chavez. Democrats challenged the narrow victory, on the basis that some voters on Navajo reservations should have been required to vote outside of their reservations, but the New Mexico Supreme Court ruled in Bolack's favor. Governor Edwin L. Mechem was defeated in his bid for re-election and, when he resigned on November 30, 1962, Bolack become Governor, serving the remainder of Mecham's term. Bolack, in his first act as Governor, appointed Mechem to a vacant seat in the United States Senate. Bolack served as Governor until newly-elected Governor Jack M. Campbell was sworn in on January 1, 1963. In 1976, Bolack co-chaired a bipartisan group that aimed to reform New Mexico's election legislation, after the state was included on a list of several states with unfair elections. In addition to lobbying for reform, the group offered $1,000 to anyone providing information leading to the arrest of an election-law violator.Bolack suffered a stroke in 1985 and was confined to a wheelchair until his death in 1998. In line with his last request, his body was cremated and his ashes were scattered over his Farmington ranch using 16 specially-made fireworks. The ranch is now the site of the Bolack Museum of Fish and Wildlife, which displays over 4,000 stuffed animals including many of rare species. Bolack, an accomplished big-game hunter and recipient of Safari Club International's Fourth Pinnacle of Achievement Award, shot most of the animals in the collection himself.The Tom Bolack Urban Forest Park in Albuquerque is named in honor of Bolack.

Jack M. Campbell (September 10, 1916 in Hutchinson, Kansas — June 14, 1999 in Santa Fe, New Mexico) was the twenty-first Governor of New Mexico from January 1, 1963 until January 1, 1967. Campbell was educated at Washburn University, where he receive an undergraduate degree in 1938 and an LL.B degree in 1940. During World War II, Campbell served in the United States Marine Corps, moving on to a legal career in Albuquerque, New Mexico, while at the same time, working as an agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation.In 1955, Campbell began his career in politics when he was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives, where he served their until 1962, where he spent his last two years serving their as a speaker. In 1962, he was the Democratic nominee for governor and defeated incumbent Edwin L. Mechem. In 1964, he became the first New Mexico governor in 12 years to win reelection. Campbell supported programs to aid the mentally ill, and appointed the first state science adviser. After leaving office, he served on the Federal Atomic Safety and Licensing Board and was president of the Federation of Rocky Mountain States, an educational foundation. He died in Santa Fe in 1999.

David Francis Cargo (born January 13, 1929) is an Albuquerque attorney and a former Republican governor of New Mexico, having served between 1967 and 1971.
Cargo was born in Dowagiac, Michigan, in Cass County, north of the Indiana state line.
He won the governorship when he was only thirty-seven. He remains one of the youngest governors elected to date in U.S. history, along with Harold Stassen in Minnesota (1938), William Jefferson Blythe "Bill" Clinton in Arkansas (1978), and Christopher "Kit" Bond and Matt Blunt in Missouri (1972) and (2004), respectively. He also represented part of Albuquerque in the New Mexico House of Representatives from 1963 to 1967.
Cargo was considered a liberal Republican, more in the Nelson Rockefeller mode than in the Barry Goldwater image. He had difficulty winning the Republican primaries in both 1966 and 1968. Each time he faced the more conservative Clifford J. Hawley of Santa Fe. In 1966, Cargo won with 17,836 (51.8 percent) to Hawley's 16,588 (48.2 percent). He improved in 1968, when he defeated Hawley, 28,014 (54.9 percent) to 23,052 (45.1 percent).
Cargo won the general election of 1966, when he barely defeated Democrat T.E. Lusk. Cargo received 134,625 votes (51.7 percent) to Lusk's 125,587 (48.3 percent). Running again in 1968, Cargo won by an even smaller margin, 160,140 (50.5 percent) to Democrat Fabian Chavez, Jr.,'s 157,230 ballots (49.5 percent).
As governor, Cargo started the state film commission, which has brought millions of dollars in revenue to the state of New Mexico. Cargo established ties to Hollywood and was even asked to appear in several films. In 1971 he made a cameo appearance in
Bunny O'Hare, which starred Bette Davis and Ernest Borgnine. During his first campaign for governor, he was known as "Lonesome Dave
Cargo could not seek a third two-year term in 1970. Gubernatorial terms doubled to four years with the 1970 election. The Republicans nominated businessman Pete V. Domenici of Albuquerque, who narrowly lost to the Democrat Bruce King. King polled 148,935 (51.3 percent) to Domenici's 134,640 (46.4 percent). (Another 2 percent went to a minor candidate.) In 1972, Domenici was elected to the U.S. Senate and still serves in that position.
Cargo hence ran for the U.S. Senate in 1970, but he lost the Republican primary to the conservative choice, Anderson "Andy" Carter, who was later a Ronald Reagan leader in New Mexico. Carter polled 32,122 (57.8 percent) to Cargo's 17,951 (32.3 percent). Andy Carter then lost the general election to incumbent Democrat Joseph M. Montoya, who later became nationally known as a member of the Senate Watergate Committee.
From 1973 until 1985, Cargo relocated to Lake Oswego, Oregon, with his wife Ida Jo and five children, Veronica, David, Patrick, Elena, and Eamon. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for State Treasurer in Oregon in 1984.
After returning to New Mexico Cargo won the Republican nomination for Congress, but was badly defeated by the incumbent, Democrat Bill Richardson in 1986. Cargo ran for Mayor of Albuquerque in 1993, but was defeated by Martin Chavez. He tried for a gubernatorial comeback in 1994. Cargo ran a poor fourth (13 percent) in the primary and lost to Gary E. Johnson, a libertarian Republican. Johnson won the general election, having benefited from 1994 being a heavily Republican year nationwide.

Bruce King (born April 6, 1924, Stanley, New Mexico) was a three term Democratic governor of the state of New Mexico.
King served in the US Army during World War II. After the war, he attended the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.
His career in politics began when he was elected to the Santa Fe Board of County Commissioners in 1954. He was re-elected and served as the chairman of the board during his second term. In 1959, he was elected to the New Mexico House of Representatives. He served five consecutive terms in the House and during three of his terms he was Speaker of the House.
From 1968 to 1969, King was chairman of the state Democratic Party. In 1969 he was also the president of the State Constitutional Convention.
In 1970, King was elected as governor. He defeated Republican Pete V. Domenici. He served as governor from 1971 to 1975, 1979 to 1983, and 1991 to 1995. King's terms were non-consecutive because the New Mexico constitution did not allow a governor to succeed him or her self prior to 1991. King became the first governor who could succeed himself and ran for re-election in 1994, but was defeated for a fourth term by Republican Gary E. Johnson.
Governor King was severely criticized by writer Roger Morris in
The Devil's Butcher Shop: The New Mexico Prison Uprising for his mishandling of the New Mexico State Penitentiary Riot which led to the deaths of 33 inmates, although other estimates are higher. It has been suggested in this work that corruption and brutality tolerated under King's administration was a contributing factor the high level of violence in the riot.
Bruce King is the father of current New Mexico attorney general Gary King.

Raymond S. "Jerry" Apodaca (born October 3, 1934, Las Cruces, New Mexico) is a former Governor of New Mexico.
Apodaca graduated from the University of New Mexico, and went into the insurance business. In 1965, he was elected to the New Mexico Senate, serving four terms from 1966 to 1974. Apodaca was elected governor of New Mexico as a Democrat in 1974, becoming the first Hispanic governor in the U.S. since 1918, along with Arizona Governor Raúl Héctor Castro, also elected that year.
Apodaca reorganized the New Mexico state government, creating a cabinet system with twelve departments. He also consolidated agencies and abolished several boards and commissions. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter appointed Apodaca as Chair of the President's Council on Physical Fitness. After his term as governor, Apodaca became involved in publishing Hispanic-audience periodicals. He was a member of the University of New Mexico Board of Regents from 1985 to 1991. In 2004, the headquarters building of the New Mexico Department of Education was renamed for Apodaca.

Toney Anaya (b. April 29, 1941) is a U.S. Democratic politician who was born in Moriarty, New Mexico. He went to undergraduate school at Georgetown University and graduated with a law degree from Washington College of Law in 1967. From 1975 to 1978, he served as New Mexico Attorney General. In 1978, he ran for United States Senate, but was defeated by incumbent Pete Domenici. He served as Governor of New Mexico from 1983 to 1987.
Since leaving office, he has served on numerous boards, commissions, and with non-profit organizations primarily focusing on Hispanic issues, education, and politics. He contributed significantly to the Democratic National Committee and the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Garrey Edward Carruthers (born August 29, 1939, Alamosa, Colorado) currently serves as Dean of the College of Business at New Mexico State University. Previously Carruthers served as Special Assistant to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1974 to 1975, director of the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute at New Mexico State University, State Chair of the Republican Party Of New Mexico from 1977 to 1979, Assistant Secretary of Interior for Land and Resources from 1981 to 1984, Governor of New Mexico from 1987 to 1991, and was President and CEO of the Cimarron Health Plan from 1993 to 2003. Carruthers has a Ph.D. in economics from Iowa State University.
Carruthers was elected Governor of New Mexico as a Republican in 1986, a major focal point in his race was reinstating the death penalty, resulting in outgoing Democratic Governor Toney Anaya commuting the sentences of all men on death row in protest .

Gary Earl Johnson (born January 1, 1953) was the Republican governor of the U.S. state of New Mexico from 1995 to 2003. He is also a well-known and outspoken opponent of the War on Drugs.
From a fairly humble, Lutheran background, Gary Earl Johnson attended the University of New Mexico at Albuquerque, with an emphasis on business. It was there that he met his future wife, Dee (1952 - December 22, 2006). In the early eighties, Johnson started a construction business from a loan given to him by his father-in-law. The business took off, as Johnson was able to capitalize on the need for modern buildings in the growing Albuquerque metropolitan area.
In 1994 he received the Republican nomination for governor after a long primary campaign and close primary election. It is noteworthy that Johnson did not stand out as the first choice among many party leaders. Because he had little experience in politics, many assumed that he would not be able to fund a campaign for governor. Using his own money, Johnson was able to sway both Republicans and Democrats towards his libertarian beliefs. In the state general election, he defeated the incumbent Democratic governor Bruce King 50-40 percent in a nationally Republican year.
In 1998, Johnson was reelected as Governor, defeating Democratic Albuquerque Mayor Martin Chavez by a 55% to 45% margin.
In 1999, Johnson became the highest-ranking elected official in the United States to advocate the legalization of drugs. Saying the War on Drugs was "an expensive bust," he advocated the decriminalization of both drug use and possession in order to save money and potentially regulate currently illegal drugs. His position was similar to that of the Libertarian Party in many ways, and led many political observers to believe he would run for political office as a Libertarian in the future. [
Johnson created some controversy when he met with representatives of the New Mexico militia movement on April 28, 1995, soon after the Oklahoma City bombing. Johnson said, however, that he was meeting with members of the New Mexico militia movement to ensure that they remained non-violentIn 2003, Johnson left office, as required by the Constitution of the State of New Mexico which states that a governor may not serve more than two consecutive terms. As of 2007, Johnson has not announced any desire or decision to again seek election to any other office.
As some observers had expected, after his term as Governor, Johnson briefly considered running for president in 2004 as a Libertarian Party candidate. After declining the formation of a Presidential search committee and deciding against such a run for president, Johnson has largely retired from politics and left public life.
Johnson is also an avid triathlete who runs several miles each day and abstains from all drug use, caffeine, alcohol, and some sugar products. During his term in office, he competed in several triathlons and was also an outspoken advocate for physical fitness. In 2003, he climbed Mount Everest
It was reported in the September 29, 2005, Albuquerque Journal that Johnson quietly divorced his wife, Dee. The newspaper said that the couple were divorcing after "growing apart" and decided to go public with the news at that time. The couple had been married in 1977. On December 22, 2006 Dee Johnson was found dead in her Taos, NM home. The Office of the Medical Investigator ruled that she died as the result of hypertensive cardiovascular disease. She was 53 at the time of her death.
Johnson currently serves on the board of directors of Students for Sensible Drug Policy, a youth-oriented nonprofit organization that seeks to end the war on drugs.
In 2008, Johnson endorsed Ron Paul for the 2008 Republican nomination.

William Blaine "Bill" Richardson III (born November 15, 1947) is the current Governor of New Mexico and was a candidate for the 2008 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States. He has previously served as a U.S. Representative, Ambassador to the United Nations, and as the U.S. Secretary of Energy. He was chairman of the 2004 Democratic National Convention as well as Chairman of the Democratic Governors Association in 2005 and 2006, overseeing the Democrats' re-capturing of a majority of the country's governorships. Richardson has been recognized for negotiating the release of hostages, American servicemen, and political prisoners in North Korea, Iraq, and Cuba. Bill Richardson was born at the Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena, California to William Blaine Richardson Jr. (1891–1972), a banker. He lived and worked in Mexico City for decades. It was his mother, María Luisa López-Collada Márquez (born 1914) who largely took care of him during his youth. He has a younger sister, Vesta. Just before Richardson was born, his mother was sent to California, where her husband's sister lived, to give birth because, as Richardson explained, "My father had a complex about not having been born in the United States." Three of his four grandparents were Mexican citizens, and he identifies himself as Hispanic. Richardson, a U.S. citizen by birthright, was raised in Mexico City.
Richardson's parents sent him to Massachusetts at age 13 to attend a Boston-area preparatory school, Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts, where he played baseball as a pitcher. He entered Tufts University in 1966 where he continued to play baseball.
Richardson's original biographies stated that he had been drafted by the Kansas City Athletics and Los Angeles Dodgers to play professional baseball, but a 2005 Albuquerque Journal investigation revealed that he never was on any official draft. Richardson acknowledged the error which he claimed was unintentional, saying that he had been scouted by several teams and told that he "would or could" be drafted, but was mistaken in saying that he was actually drafted.
In 1967 he pitched in the amateur Cape Cod Baseball League for the Cotuit Kettleers in Cotuit, Massachusetts. A Kettleers program included the words "Drafted by K.C." The information which according to the investigation was provided either by the player or college. Richardson said:
"When I saw that program in 1967, I was convinced I was drafted...And it stayed with me all these years."
He earned a Bachelor's degree at Tufts in 1970, majoring in French and political science and was a brother and president of Delta Tau Delta. He went on to earn a master's degree in international affairs from Tufts' Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1971. While still in high school, he met his future wife, Barbara Flavin. They married in 1972 and have no children
After college, Richardson worked for Republican Congressman Bradford Morse from Massachusetts. He was later a staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Richardson worked on congressional relations for the Henry Kissinger State Department during the Nixon Administration. In 1978, he moved to Santa Fe and ran for Congress in 1980 as a Democrat, losing narrowly to longtime 1st District congressman and future United States Secretary of the Interior Manuel Lujan (R). Two years later, Richardson was elected to New Mexico's newly created third district, taking in most of the northern part of the stateRichardson spent a little more than 14 years in Congress. As a congressman, he kept his interest in foreign relations. He visited Nicaragua, Guatemala, Cuba, Peru, India, North Korea, Bangladesh, Nigeria, and Sudan to represent U.S. interests.
Richardson served as Chairman of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus in the 98th Congress (1983–1985) and as Chairman of the House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Native American Affairs in the 103rd Congress (1993–1994). While in the House, Richardson sponsored bills such as the Indian Tribal Justice Act, the American Indian Religious Freedom Act Amendments, the American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act, the American Indian Agricultural Resource Management Act, the Indian Dams Safety Act, the Tribal Self-Governance Act, the Indian Tribal Jurisdiction Bill (commonly known as the “Duro Fix”) and the Jicarilla Apache Tribe Water Rights Settlement Act.
In 1996, he traveled to Baghdad with Peter Bourne and engaged in lengthy one-on-one negotiations with Saddam Hussein to secure the release of two American aerospace workers who had been captured by the Iraqis after wandering over the Kuwaiti border. He became a member of the Democratic leadership, where he worked closely with Bill Clinton on several issues.
In 1997, Clinton appointed Richardson as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. As ambassador, he represented the United States in UN proceedings regarding the Palestinian National Authority and the State of Israel, the completion of negotiations that strengthened the role and mandate of the United Nations Environment Programme regarding ecologically sustainable development, as well as other duties of an ambassador to the UN. Richardson served there until 1998, when he was appointed U.S. Secretary of Energy, a post that he held for the remainder of the Clinton administration. According to his autobiography, Richardson was asked by the White House in 1997 to interview Monica Lewinsky for a job on his staff at the UN. Richardson did so, and offered her a position, which she declinedThe Senate confirmed Richardson to be Clinton's Secretary of Energy on July 31, 1998. His tenure at the Department of Energy was marred by the Wen Ho Lee nuclear espionage scandal. Richardson was also criticized by the Senate for his handling of the espionage inquiry by not testifying in front of Congress sooner. Richardson justified his response by saying that he was waiting to uncover more information before speaking to Congress.
Richardson created the Director for Native American Affairs position in the Department in 1998, and in January 2000 oversaw the largest return of federal lands, 84,000 acres (340 km²) to an Indian Tribe (the Northern Ute Tribe of Utah) in more than 100 years. Richardson also directed the overhaul of the Department's consultation policy with Native American tribes and established the Tribal Energy Program
With the end of the Clinton administration in January 2001, Richardson took on a number of different positions. He was an adjunct professor at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and a lecturer at the Armand Hammer United World College of the American West. In 2000, Bill Richardson was awarded a United States Institute of Peace Senior Fellowship. He spent the next year researching and writing on the negotiations with North Korea and the energy dimensions of U.S. relations.
Richardson also joined Kissinger McLarty Associates, a "strategic advisory firm" headed by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and former Clinton White House chief of staff Mack McLarty, as Senior Managing Director. He also served on the corporate boards of several energy companies, including Valero Energy Corporation and Diamond Offshore Drilling. He withdrew from these boards after being nominated by the Democratic Party for governor of New Mexico, but retained considerable stock holdings in Valero and Diamond Offshore. He would later sell these stocks during his campaign for President in 2007, saying he was "getting questions" about the propriety of these holdings, especially given his past as energy secretary, and that it had become a "distraction
Richardson was elected governor of New Mexico in November 2002, having defeated the Republican candidate, John Sanchez, 56–39 percent. He succeeded a two-term Republican governor, Gary E. Johnson. He took office in January 2003 as the only Hispanic Governor in the United States, other than then-Governor Sila María Calderón of Puerto Rico. In his first year, Richardson proposed "tax cuts to promote growth and investment" and passed a broad personal income tax cut and won a statewide special election to transfer money from the state's Permanent Fund to meet current expenses and projects. In early 2005, Richardson made New Mexico the first state in the nation to provide $400,000 in life insurance coverage for New Mexico National Guardsmen who serve on active duty. Thirty-five states have since followed suit.
Working with the legislature, he formed Governor Richardson's Investment Partnership (GRIP) in 2003. The partnership has been used to fund large-scale public infrastructure projects throughout New Mexico, including, through the use of highway funds, a brand new commuter rail line (the Railrunner) that runs between Belen, Albuquerque, and Bernalillo. He supported LGBT rights in his career as governor; he added sexual orientation and gender identity to New Mexico's list of civil rights categories. During the summer of 2003, he met with a delegation from North Korea at their request to discuss concerns over that country's use of nuclear energy. At the request of the White House, he also flew to North Korea in 2005, and met with another North Korean delegation in 2006. On December 7, 2006, Richardson was named as the "Special Envoy for Hemispheric Affairs" for the Secretary General of the Organization of American States with the mandate to "promote dialogue on issues of importance to the region, such as immigration and free trade".
He was named Chairman of the Democratic Governors Association and announced a desire to increase the role of Democratic governors in deciding the future of their party.
In 2006,
Forbes credited Richardson's reforms in naming Albuquerque, New Mexico the best city in the U.S. for business and careers. The Cato Institute, meanwhile, has consistently rated Richardson as one of the most fiscally responsible Democratic governors in the nation.
In December 2005, Richardson announced the intention of New Mexico to partner with billionaire Richard Branson to bring space tourism to the proposed Spaceport America located near Las Cruces, New Mexico.
In March 2006, Richardson vetoed eminent domain legislation in response to a surge of interest created by the Supreme Court's 2005 decision in
Kelo v. City of New London to increase local governments' eminent domain power.
On September 7, 2006, Richardson flew to Sudan to meet Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir and successfully negotiated the release of imprisoned journalist Paul Salopek. Salopek had been charged by the Sudanese with espionage on August 26, 2006, while on a
National Geographic assignment.
Richardson won his second term as Governor of New Mexico on November 7, 2006, 68–32 percent against former New Mexico Republican Party Chairman John Dendahl. Richardson received the highest percentage of votes in any gubernatorial election in the state's history.
In December 2006, Richardson announced that he would support a ban on cockfighting in New Mexico. On March 12, 2007, Richardson signed into law a bill that would ban cockfighting in New Mexico. Puerto Rico is now the only part of the United States where cockfighting is legal.
In January 2007, at the request of the Save Darfur Coalition, he brokered a 60-day cease fire between al-Bashir and leaders of several rebel factions in Darfur, the western Sudanese region. The cease-fire never became effective, however, with allegations of breaches on all sides.
During New Mexico's most recent legislative session, Richardson signed a bill into law that made New Mexico the 12th state to legalize marijuana for medical reasons. When asked if this would hurt him in a Presidential election, he stated that it did not matter, as it was "the right thing to do."

Susana Martinez is the Governor of the State of New Mexico. Martinez was elected on November 2, 2010. She entered the race on July 17, 2009 pledging to cut wasteful spending, lower taxes to create more jobs, end “pay-to-play” practices and other corruption in government and fight to reform education. She was sworn in as Governor of New Mexico on January 1, 2011, making her the first Latina Woman Governor in United States history. Martinez was the District Attorney for the 3rd Judicial District in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, a position she has held for 13 years. Susana was first elected District Attorney in 1996. She has been re-elected three times, running unopposed for the office in 2008. In addition to managing the second largest DA’s office in the state, Susana has personally tried some of the toughest cases, including child abuse and child homicide. In fact, Katie’s Law is named after Katie Sepich, a 22-year old college student whose killer Susana Martinez prosecuted and convicted. The law now requires law enforcement to take DNA for most violent felony arrests and include the samples in a database to help bring criminals to justice. In 2008, Heart Magazine named Susana “Woman of the Year” for her dedication to children’s advocacy and her efforts to keep children safe. Martinez has twice been named New Mexico’s “Prosecutor of the Year.” Susana also has a record of battling public corruption. On her watch, for example, the Doña Ana County Clerk was convicted of five felony charges of violating the election code and a Municipal Court Judge was convicted of voter fraud. Susana comes from a hardworking, middle class family. Her father and mother started a security guard business with $400 in their pocket. They built their business with Susana’s mother in the kitchen doing the paperwork and Susana working as a security guard, while studying in the evenings. Susana was born and raised in the Rio Grande Valley and has made Las Cruces her home since the mid-1980’s. She earned her bachelor’s degree from the University of Texas at El Paso and later earned her law degree from the University of Oklahoma. Her husband, Chuck Franco, concludes his three-decade career in law enforcement serving as the Doña Ana County Undersheriff. She has one stepson, Carlo, who recently served in the U.S. Navy, and is currently a student and volunteer firefighter.


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