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A Concise History of New Mexico
BY
L. BRADFORD PRINCE, LL. D.

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CHAPTER XXV
United States Officials

The following list of governors includes all those who were appointed to that position while New Mexico was a territory. In some similar lists the names of secretaries who have served as governor for a considerable period are included. But it seemed difficult to draw the line of selection. Under the organic act, the secretary becomes acting-governor the moment the governor leaves the territory. In accordance with this provision, every secretary has acted as governor, more or less; Secretaries Ritch, Arny, and Davis, probably longer than others. The only proper course, therefore, was to insert a full list of secretaries.

The list of chief justices shows the heads of the judiciary of New Mexico, through the whole territorial period.

A full list of delegates in Congress is also presented.

GOVERNORS UNDER MILITARY APPOINTMENT
1846 August 19, Stephen W. Kearny.
1846 September 22, Charles Bent (assassinated January 17, 1847).
1847 January 17, Donaciano Vigil, acting.

1847 December 17, Donaciano Vigil.
1848 October 11, J. M. Washington, Commandant of the Department.
1849 John Munroe, Commandant of the Department.

264

CIVIL GOVERNORS UNDER THE ORGANIC ACT (March 3, 1851)

1851 James S. Calhoun.
1852 William Carr Lane.
1853 David Meriwether.

1857 Abraham Rencher.

1861 Henry Connelly.

1866 Robert B. Mitchell.

1869 William A. Pile.

1871 Marsh Giddings.

1875 Samuel B. Axtell.

1878 Lewis Wallace.

1881 Lionel A. Sheldon.

1885 Edmund G. Ross.

1889 L. Bradford Prince.

1893 William T. Thornton.

1897 Miguel A. Otero.

1906 Herbert J. Hagerman.
1907 George Curry.
1910 William J. Mills till January 15, 1912.

SECRETARIES

1846 Donaciano Vigil (appointed by General Kearny).
1848 Donaciano Vigil (appointed by Col. Washington).
1851 Hugh N. Smith (not confirmed).
1851 William S. Allen.
1852 John Greiner.
1853 William S. Messervy.
1854 W. W. H. Davis.

UNITED STATES OFFICIALS
1857 A. M. Jackson. 1861 Miguel A. Otero.
1861 James H. Holmes.
1862 W. F. M. Amy.

1867 H. H. Heath.

1871 Henry Wetter.
1872 W. F. M. Arny.
1873 William G. Ritch.

1884 Samuel A. Losch.
1885 George W. Lane.

1889 B. M. Thomas.

1892 Silas Alexander.
1893 Lorion Miller.

1897 George H. Wallace.

1901 James W. Eaynolds.

1907 Nathan Jaffa to 1912.

CHIEF JUSTICES

1846 Joab Houghton.

1851 Grafton Baker.

1853 J. J. Deavenport.

1858 Kirby Benedict.

1866 John P. Slough.
1868 John S. Watts.
1869 Joseph G. Palen. 1876 Henry L. Waldo.

1878 Charles McCandless.
1879 L. Bradford Prince.

1882 Samuel B. Axtell.

1885 William A. Vincent.

1885 Elisha V. Long. 1

889 James O'Brien.

266

1893 Thomas Smith.

1898 William J. Mills.

1910 William H. Pope.

DELEGATES IN CONGRESS

CONGRESS DATE
31st 1849-51
32d 1851-53
33d 1853-55
34th, 35th and 36th 1855-61
37th 1861-63
38th 1863-65
39th and 40th 1865-69
41st 1869-71
[Contested by J. F. Chaves, w]
42d 1871-73
43d and 44th 1873-77
45th 1877-79
46th 1879-81
47th 1881-83
48th 1883-85
49th to 53d 1885-95
54th 1895-97
55th 1897-99
56th 1899-1901
57th and 58th 1901-05
59th to 62d 1905-12

NAME

William S. Messervy. K. H. Weightman. Jose Manuel Gallegos. Miguel A. Otero. John S. Watts. Francisco Perea. J. Francisco Chaves. Charles P. Clever. ras seated at end of sess Jose Manuel Gallegos. Stephen B. Elkins. Trinidad Romero. Mariano S. Otero. Tranquilino Luna. F. A. Manzanares. Antonio Joseph. Thomas B. Catron. H. B. Fergusson. Pedro Perea. Bernard S. Rodey. William H. Andrews.


CHAPTER XXVI
State Organization 1912

The state government was put in actual operation by the inauguration of the governor, on January 15, 1912. The other elected officials of the state assumed office at various times, shortly before or after that date.

The legislature met and organized on March 11, 1912, and continued in session until June 8th. During the session of the Senate a number of the appointive officials were appointed and confirmed; some others remaining in office under their previous appointments, and not yet being superseded.

The following elective, appointive, and legislative officials were those holding their respective positions on July 1, 1912 :

ELECTED OFFICIALS

STATE

Governor William C. McDonald
Lieutenant-Governor Esequiel G. de Baca
Secretary of State Antonio Lueero
Attorney-General Frank W. Clancy
Auditor William G. Sargent
Treasurer Owen N. Marron
Commissioner of Public Lands Robert P. Ervien
Superintendent of Public Instruction Alvan N. White
Corporation Commissioner Hugh H. Williams
Corporation Commissioner Matthew S. Groves
Corporation Commissioner Oscar L. Owen

269


Thomas B. Catron Albert B. Fall
George Curry H. B. Fergusson

ELECTED OFFICIALS CONGRESSIONAL
U. S. SENATORS
Santa Fe Three Rivers
REPRESENTATIVES
Tularosa Albuquerque


ELECTED OFFICIALS

JUDICIAL

Supreme Court, Chief Justice Supreme Court Supreme Court District Court. 1st District District Court, 2d District District Court, 3d District District Court, 4th District District Court, 5th District District Court, 6th District District Court, 7th District District Court, 8th District

Clarence J. Roberts Richard H. Hanna Frank W. Parker Edmund C. Abbott Herbert F. Raynolds E. L. Medler David J. Leahy John T. McClure Colin Neblett Merritt C. Mechem Thomas D. Leib

APPOINTED STATE OFFICIALS


Traveling Auditor Howell Earnest 1912
State Engineer James A. French 1912
Insurance Superintendent Jacobo Chavez holds over
Librarian Lola C. Armijo holds over
Adjutant-General A. S. Brooks 1912
Superintendent of Penitentiary John B. McManus 1912
Game and Fish Warden Trinidad C. de Baca 1912
Mine Inspector Joseph E. Sheridan holds over
Coal Oil Inspector Frank Lopez 1912
Captain Mounted Police Fred Fornoif 1912

270

MEMBERS OF THE FIRST STATE LEGISLATURE OF NEW MEXICO
STATE SENATE
TERMS OF STATE SENATORS EXPIRE JANUARY, 1917
DISTRICT NAME RESIDENCE


1 John S. Clark East Las Vegas
2 Juan Navarro Mora
3 Louis C. Ilfeld Las Vegas
4 Thomas D. Burns Tierra Amarilla
5 Joseph F. Sulzer Albuquerque
6 Epimenio A. Miera Cuba
7 Isaac Barth Albuquerque
8 Edwin C. .Crampton Raton
9 Eugenio B. Gallegos Gallegos
]0 Benjamin F. Pankey Lamy
11 Squire Hartt, Jr. Ranches of Taos
12 Boleslo Romero Los Lunas
13 Charles J. Laughren Deming
14 A. C. Abeytia Socorro
15 William M. McCoy Mountainair
16 Herbert B. Holt Las Cruces
17 Gregory Page Gallup
18 John M. Bowman Alamogordo
19 James F. Hinkle Roswell
20 Fred F. Doepp Carlsbad
21 A. J. Evans Portales
22 C. H. Alldredge Tucumeari
23 Thomas J. Mabry Clovis
24 William B. Walton Silver City


STATE ORGANIZATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TERMS OF STATE REPRESENTATIVES EXPIRE JANUARY, 1915
Roman L. Baca, Speaker

DISTRICT 1

NAME
Zaearias Padilla Miguel E. Baea Conrad N. Hilton Thomas Cooney Tomas A. Gurule John B. Burg Rafael Garcia Roman L. Baca Charles C. Catron Julian Trujillo J. P. Lucero George W. Tripp Jose G. Lobato Francisco Quintana Bias Sanchez Remigio Lopez J. R. Skidmore Manuel C. Martinez Luis R. Montoya Manuel Cordova Marcos C. de Baca Oscar T. Toombs Juan D. Casados James W. Chaves John J. Clancy John A. Young Duncan McGillivray W. H. H. Llewellyn Presiliano Moreno James V. Tully Chas. P. Downs

RESIDENCE
Los Lunas
Los Lunas
San Antonio
Mogollon
Albuquerque
Albuquerque
Albuquerque
Santa Fe
Santa Fe
Chimayo
Lumberton
East Las Vegas
Teeolote
Sapello
Wagon Mound
Roy
Raton
Pofiil
Taos
Taos
Bernalillo
Clavton
Clapham
Willard
Puerto de Luna,
Gallup
Crown Point
Las Cruces
Las Cruces
Gleneoe
Alamogordo

272

DISTRICT - NAME - RESIDENCE
18 Jas. W. Mullens, Roswell
18 J. T. Evans, Dexter
18 W. E. Rogers, Roswell
19 Hugh M. Gage, Hope
19 Florence Love, Loving
20 P. E. Carter, Portales
21 S. J. Smith, Mountainview
22 A. S. Goodell, Silver City
22 Robt. H. Boulware, Silver City
23 George H. Tucker, Hillsboro
24 W. H. Chrisman, Aztec
25 J. W. Campbel,l Tucumcari
25 John L. House, House
26 W. W. Nichols, Clovis
27 Antonio D. Vargas, Ojo Caliente
28 Tranquilino Labadie, Santa Rosa
29 M. P. Manzanares, Fort Sumner
30 W. E. Blanchard, Arabela

INDEX


AIJIQUIU, 33, 34, 127
Abo, 47, 94, 96
Aborigines, history of, 20-29; structures of, 28
Abeyta, Ambrosio, loan to American paymaster, 225
Abreu, Santiago, 150, 151, 161
Aeoma, 31, 32, 36, 47, 62, 71, 83, 97-99
Agricultural College, 206, 20S, 256
Alarid family, 155
Albuquerque, 123, 142, 251
Alencaster, Governor, 129, 140, 141
Alvarado, Hernando de, 67, 71
Alvarez, Manuel, 188, 192, 195, 228-230
American military government, 187-190
American occupation, 178-189
American pioneers, 153, 154, 155
Andrews, William H., 236, 240, 266
Angney, Capt. W. Z., 184, 187, 22S
Archives, sale of, 197
Archuleta, Diego, 158, 183
Arellano, Tristan de, 67, 6?, 72, 75
Arizona, 17, 26, 196, 237
Armijo, Gen. Manuel, 150, 151, 161, 162, 179
Arny, W. F. M., 196, 265
Axtell, Gov. S. B., 199. 200, 264, 265
Ayeta, Father, 113, 245
Aztecs, Migrations of, 25
BACA, BARTOLOM, 150
Baea, Roman A., 152
Baird, Spruce M., 188
Bajitist missions, 249
Bar Association, 207
Beaubien, Charles, 154-155
Belen, 33, 34
Beltram, Father, 84, S6
Ben Hur, 203
Benavides, Alonzo, 46, 105, 245
Bent, Gov. Charles, 154, 182, 183
Bigotes, 70 73
Bishops of Durango, 125, 127, 153,246
Bonilla, Francisco L., 90
Bonney, James, 155, 179
Buffaloes, 70, 74
Burgwin, Capt., 185
CABEZA DE VACA, 52, 57, 59, 75, 8I
Cachupines (native Spaniards), 152
Calhoun, Gov. James S. 190, 191,228, 264
California Column, 224
Canby, General, 222
Caravan to Mexico, 143
Cardenas, Garcia Lopez de, 67, 70
Carleton, Gen. J. IT., 224
Carson, Christopher (Kit), 154, 222
Casa Grande, Arizona, 63, 64
Castaneda, 38, 66
Castano de Sosa, Gaspar, 87-90
Catite, 110, 118 Catron, Thomas B., 235, 238, 266,269
Chamuscado, 79
Chaves, Amado, 226, 257
Chaves, Antonio Jose, murdered, 173
Chaves, Francisco Xavier, 150

276

Chaves, Jose, 151
Chaves, Jose Antonio, 150
Chaves, Jose Maria, 152
Chaves, Col. J. Francisco, 196, 222, 231, 266
Chaves, Manuel, 152, 184, 223
Chaves, Mariano, 151, 162
Chiehilticale, 63, 68, 78
Chief justices, list of, 265
Christian Brothers, 255
Churches, 245-252
Cicuie, 31, 70, 71, 72, 74 Cibola, 31, 32, 62, 63, 64, 68, 69, 83
Cochiti, 32, 36, 48
" stone lions of, 31, 33
Colorado River, 70, 84, 102
Coraanehes, 124, 126, 128
Conchos, 81, 85, 93
Congregational missions, 251
Congressional delegates, list of, 266
Conklin, James, 154 Connelly, Gov. Henry, 169, 188, 195, 229, 264:
Corazones, town of, 56
Corn, 40, 88
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez, 59, 66-
78
Cotton, 42, 44, 62, 82, 73
Cruzate, Gov., 38, 115
Cuara, 24, 47, 94
Cubero, Gov. Pedro E., 121, 123
Culiacan, 60, 67
Curry, Gov. George, 212, 215, 264, 269
D. A. R. MONUMENT, 161
D Almansa, Antony, 141
Davis, W. W. H., 77, 194, 264
De Anza, Juan Bautista, 127
Doniphan, Col., 178, 182
Drama, 93, 95
EL PASO, 37, 93, 115
Elkins, S. B., 200, 232, 266
Episcopal church missions, 250
Escalante, Padre, 128
Escalona, Luis de, 78
Espejo, Antonio de, 13, 81-86
Estevanico, 55, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64
Estufas, 40, 88, 114
FAIRS, 128
Fall, Albert B., 213, 269
Farfan, Capt., 93, 101
Florida, 13, 14
Fort Marcy, 180-181
Franciscans, 18, 79, 80, 81, 96, 100,
105, 113, 114, 125, 152, 244, 247
Franciscan martyrs of 1680, 113
GADSDEN PURCHASE, 17
Galisteo, 32, 33, 47, 80, 89, 95, 123
Gallegos, Rev. J. M., 183, 193, 266
Garces, Padre, 128
Giddings, Gov. Marsh, 198, 264
Glorieta, battle of, 223
Gold and silver, 65, 83, 84; 127, 166,172
Gonzales, Gen. Elias, 157
Gonzales, Jose, Gov., 161-162
Governors, list of American, 263-264
" Mexican, list of, 176-177
Spanish, list of, 175
Gran Quivira (see Tabira)
Gregg, George W., 169, 170, 171
Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of, 16,
186, 227
Hagerman, Gov. H. J., 214, 264
Harwood, Rev. Thomas, 249, 255
Historical Society of N.M. 11, 114,195, 203
Hopi (see Moqui)
Hospitality of the people, 146
Hubates, 32, 84
Humana, Juan de, 90 Humanos (Jumanos), 81, 96
Hurtado, Juan Paez, 121, 123

277
IDOLS of Pueblo Indians, 37, 39, 41,42, 43, 44
Independent judiciary, 202, 206
Indian wars, 152, 193, 194
Inquisition, 106-108 Insane asylum, 206, 208
Inscription Rock, 105
Insurrection of 1837, 159-163
Isleta, 32, 36, 47, 82, 11.3, 115
Isleta, loan by Ambrosio Abeyta, 225
Iturbide, Emperor, 148
JEMEZ, 31, 32, 36, 47, 50, 83, 95
Jesuits, 125, 255
Joseph, Antonio, 233-234, 266
Jusepe, 91, 101
KEARNY, GEN. S. W., 178, 180
Kendall, George V., 156
LA CANADA, battle of, 184
La Lande, Baptiste, 165
Laguna, 32, 36, 121
Lamy, Archbishop, 247
Land grants, 208
Land of Seven Cities, 58, 60, 63, 67
Lane, Gov. William Carr, 192, 264
Lincoln County War, 199, 202
Llewellyn, W. H. H., 212
Lopez, Francisco, 79, 80, 84
Loretto, Sisters of, 254
Louisiana, 14, 15
Loyalty of native people, 220, 222, 224 225
MALDONADO, RODRIGO, 67, 77
Manrique, Jose, 130
Marcos de Niza, 60, 65, 67, 68
Martinez, Padre Antonio Jose, 153,158, 253, 260
Martinez, Gov. Mariano, 151, 157,253
Matanza, 91
Maxwell, Lucien B., 154
McDonald, Gov. W. C, 218, 268

Melgares, Faeundo, 129, 13.1, 133,142, 150
Mercantile business, prices, etc., 145
Meriwether, Gov. David, 167, 193,264
Methodist missions, 249
Mexican government, 148-158
Mills, Gov. William J., 216, 264 Mining, 84, 85, 100, 127, 144, 202
Mitchell, Gov. R, B., 196, 264
Mogollon, Gov., 124
Moqui, 34, 70, 84, 97, 101, 123, 126
Muller, Frederick, 212
Munroe, Col. John, 229-230
Mufioz, Pedro, 151
NAMBE, 32, 36, 48, 84
Narbona, Antonio, 150
Navajos, 123, 129, 182
New Mexico, boundaries, 14-17
" " early maps of, 14, 15
" " name, 13, 85, 231, 237
" " population, 18, 19, 34, 106, 126, 127, 157
Newspapers, 153, 259-262
New West Educational Commission, 255
Normal institutions, 208, 216, 257
OJO CALIENTE, 138
Onate, Juan de, 92-99, 101-105
Ortiz, Rev. Juan Felipe, 153, 158,183, 191, 247
Otermin, Gov. Antonio, 109, 111, 114, 115
Otero, Miguel Antonio, 195, 265, 266
Otero, Gov. M. A., 211, 264
PADILLA, JUAN DE, 78
Panfilo de Narvaez, 52
Passaguates, 81
Pecos, 32, 35, 47, 84, 88, 95
Pecos River, 15, 85, 88

278

Peiialosa, Diego de, 107-108
Penuela, Marquez de la, 123, 124
Peralta, battle of, 223
Peralta, Pedro de, 105
Perez, Albino, 151, 159, 258
Picuris, 32, 36, 47, 50, 95
Pike, expedition of, 130, 132 147,166
Pike's Peak, 134
Pile, Gov. W. A., 197, 264
Pino, Pedro Bautista, 130, 247
Pioneers, American, 130, 153-155
Piros, 46, 47, 77, 94
Pojoaque, 32, 36, 48
Pope, 109, 110, 114, 116 Presbyterian Missions, 249
Price, Gen. Sterling, 182, 184
Prince, Gov. L. B., 202, 203, 207,
214, 238, 256, 264
Printing press, 258
Puara, 71, 80, 94, 97
Public school system, 20S, 256 Pueblo Indians, agriculture of, 40,
42, 44, 88; customs of, 40, 43, 44;
history of, 30, 50, 106, 111, 116;
houses of, 39, 40, 44, 45, 71, 82,
88; idols of, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44;
list of towns, 31, 32, 34, 47, 48;
nations and languages, 46, 48, 50
Pueblo revolution of 1680, 110-116
Pueblos, descriptions of, 39, 45, 83,
84, 88; grants to, 37; population
of, 34, 36 Pursley, James, 165
QUAREA (see Cuara)
Querechos, 74
Queres, 31, 46, 47, 48, 82, 89
Quivira, 72, 74, 75, 76, 101, 104, 108
RAILROAD BUILDING, 202, 204
Rencher, Gov. Abraham, 194, 264
Ritch, William G., 199, 203, 256, 265
Robinson, Dr., 133, 135, 142
Rodey, Bernard S., 235, 266
Rodriguez, Agustin (see Ruiz)
Ross, Gov. E. G., 205, 264
Roubidoux, Antoine, 154
Ruiz, Agustin, 79-81, 94
SALAZAB, DAMACIO, 156-157
Salcedo, Nemeeio, 130, 143
Saldivar, Juan, 93, 97
Saldivar, Vicente, 92, 93, 96, 98, 101, 104, 105
Salmeron, Geronimo de Zarate, 100
San Antonio (see Seneeu)
San Bartolome, 81
San Cristobal, 89
San Felipe, 32, 36, 47, 119, 142
San Gabriel, 95, 104
San Ildefonso, 32, 36, 47, 94, 95
San Juan, 32, 36, 48, S4, 88, 94, 138
San Lazaro, 47, 89, 119
San Marcos, 47, 89
Sandia, 33, 34, 36, 47, ]26
Sandoval, Antonio, 151
Santa Ana, 32, 36, 119
Santa Barbara, 81
Santa Clara, 32, 36, 48, 84
Santa Cruz, 111, 120
Santa Fe, 17, 102, 104, 106, 139
" " Board of Trade, 206
" " capitol, 203, 204, 211, 214
" " Castrense church, 126
" " cathedral, 126
" " San Miguel Chapel, 119,124
" "the Palace, 111, 139, 140
" " plaza, 114, 158
" " Rosario Chapel, 158
" " sieges of, 111, 117, 119
" soldiers' monument, 224
'' university, 258 ''
'' Woman's Board of Trade, 211

279


Santa Fe Trail, 164-174
Santa Maria, Juan de, 79, 80
Santo Domingo, 32, 36, 94, 95, 142
Sarracino, Francisco, 151
Schools, 252-258
School of mines, 206, 208, 256
Secretaries, territorial, list of, 265
Sena, Maj. Jose D., 223
Senecu, 47, 77, 94
Sheep, 62, 143, 145
Sheldon, Gov. Lionel A., 203, 264
Sibley, Gen. II. H., 221, 222
Simpson, report of Lieutenant, 4S
Slavery, opposed by people, 229
Slough, John P., 197, 222, 223, 265
Smith, Hugh N., 188
Socorro, 47. 77, 94
Spanish-American War, 212, 213
Statehood, struggle for, 1S7, 1S8,
200-20S, 210, 217, 219, 227-243
State legislature, first, 270
State officers, 267
St. Train, Ceran, 154, 184, 222
TABIRA, 14, 25, 27, 76, 94, 96
Tanos, 32, 46, 47, 84
Taos, 32, 36, 47, 50, 77, 88, 95, 118
Taos Pueblo, battle of, 185
Taos revolt, 183-186
Tehuas, 31, 47, 48, 84
Tertio-Millennial celebration, 204
Tesuque, 32, 36, 48, S4, 119
Texan incursions, 173-174
Texan invasion of 1862, 220-226
Texan Santa Fe expedition, 155-157
Texas, 15
Thornton, Gov. W. T., 210, 264
Tihuas, 47, 48
Tihuex, 31, 71, 73
Tison River, 70
Tobar, Pedro de, do, 70
Toltecs, 22, 23
Tompiros, 46, 47, 48
Totonteae, 62, 65, 70
Tradition, value of, 21
Tupatu, 116, 118
Turquoise, 56, 62
Turk, The, 72, 74, 75, 76
Tusayan, 31, 70
Tutahaco, 31, 72
UNIVERSITY, 206, 20S, 256
University, Santa Fe, 251, 255, 258
Urraca, 88
Utes, 124, 126
VARGAS, DIEGO DE, 117-123
Vigil, Donaciano, 152, 182, 187, 190,
263, 264 Vigil, Juan Bautista, 150, 151, 177,
Villagra, Caspar, 38, 93, 101, 104
Yiscarra, Antonio, 150
WALLACE, GEORGE H., 212, 265
Wallace, Gov. Lew, 200, 264 Watrous, Samuel B., 154
Weightman, Richard II., 188, 193, 230
YUQUE-YUNQUE, 31, 77, 95
ZIA, 31, 32, 36, 82, 95, 119
Zimi, 32, 36, 47, 48, 69, S3, 97, 101
Zutucapan, 97


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