Welcome to Genealogy Trails

Welcome to Eddy County, New Mexico Genealogy Trails!
Proud Member of the
Genealogy Trails Family

  Obituaries

H - I

A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z

 

 

Minnie Halbert
CARLSBAD A funeral for
Minnie Morgan Halbert, 102, of Vernon, Texas, will be at 1 p.m. CST today at First United Methodist Church Vernon with the Rev. Darrell Patterson officiating.
A graveside service will be held at 10 a.m. Friday at Carlsbad Cemetery with the Rev. Keath Baskett of Epworth United Methodist Church officiating.
There will be no local visitation.
Mrs. Halbert died Monday, May 8, 2000, at a Vernon, Texas, hospital.
Sullivan Funeral Home is in charge of Texas arrangements. Denton-Funchess Funeral Home is in charge of local arrangements.
Minnie Morgan Halbert was born Saturday, June 19, 1897, to David Ferebee and Quinnie Middlebrook Ferebee. She was one of 10 children.
She married A.A. Halbert Dec. 20, 1944, in Carlsbad. He preceded her in death Dec. 30, 1970.
She was a graduate of Clarendon High School, Clarendon College and Denton Texas College for Women where she received her teaching certificate.
In 1998, she was honored at Clarendon College and designated queen of the celebration being the oldest living graduate. She taught school at Quail, Hedley and Claude, Texas. She was hired as bookkeeper for the lumber company in Vernon, later working for Coca-Cola Bottling Company.
In 1942, she moved to Roswell where she worked for Harris Grocery and Harris Dentist. In 1978, she retired and moved back to Vernon. 
Mrs. Halbert was a member of First United Methodist Church. She taught Sunday School for many years. She was also a member of Eastern Star, Business and Professional Women and a 25-year member of Daughters of the American Revolution.
Survivors include a sister, Lydia Belle Wilkinson of Vernon, Texas; and several nieces and nephews.
Memorial contributions may be made to Margaret Methodist Church or First United Methodist Church, Vernon, Texas
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - January 25, 2007 CARLSBAD - Wesley Harkins, 49, of South Eighth Street, passed away Jan. 24, 2007 at his home. Visitation will be 5-7 p.m. today at Denton-Wood Funeral Home. A graveside service is scheduled for 3 p.m. Saturday at Carlsbad Cemetery with Bill Hedgecock officiating. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Wesley Dean Harkins was born Sept. 11, 1957 to Joe and Terry Lambert Harkins in Carlsbad. He was preceded in death by his parents. He is survived by a sister, Debbie Harris of Carlsbad; two brothers: Donald Harkins of Carlsbad; and Jody Beard of Carlsbad; very close friend, David Birchell; two nieces and several aunts, uncles and cousins.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - June 10, 2005 : Former Carlsbad mayor dies at age 92 CARLSBAD - Former Carlsbad mayor H.C. Harvey died on Wednesday in Lubbock, Texas, at the age of 92. Harvey was a resident of Carlsbad for 48 years. In that time, he held many prominent positions in numerous community organizations. According to his oldest son, Clarke Harvey, his father's time spent serving the community was a highly rewarding experience. During his time in Carlsbad, he served as president of the Industrial Development Corporation, the Carlsbad Chamber of Commerce and the Carlsbad United Way. He was also a long-time member of the Carlsbad Lions Club and was a 32nd degree Mason, serving as Exalted Ruler of Eddy Lodge 1221. He was also a deacon at First Baptist Church. J.T. Stephens, a deacon and long-time member of First Baptist Church, said Harvey served as treasurer at the church and helped re-write the church's constitution and by-laws in 1977. "He was a well-respected member of the church. He was very active," he added. Harvey and his wife, Helen, moved to Carlsbad in 1937. He was employed by A.J. Crawford until 1944, when he began working at Carlsbad National Bank. He started as an assistant cashier and later became president and chairman of the board. He retired from the bank in 1971, at age 57. Six years later, he and his son Clarke purchased the First National Bank of Denver City, Texas. Harvey served as president and chairman of the board until 1998. Harvey also served as mayor of Carlsbad between 1961 and 1962. In his year as mayor, he began a reclamation project at Lower Tansil Dam, had mulberry trees planted around the courthouse and made an unsuccessful bid to make several streets one-way. Clarke Harvey said being the son of the Carlsbad mayor was tough. "He set standards for all of us that were hard to follow," he said. Trying to follow in his footsteps has proved difficult, but worthwhile, he added. "He would have said he was proud," Clarke said. A funeral is scheduled for 10 a.m. today at Resthaven Funeral Home's Abbey Chapel in Lubbock. A graveside service will follow at 3 p.m. today at Carlsbad Cemetery.
Priscilla H. Haug, 63, of Samoa Court, Carlsbad, N.M., passed away Friday, Oct. 30, 2009, at her home. Visitation will be 4-7 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 5, 2009, at Denton-Wood Funeral Home. A vigil is scheduled for 7 p.m. Thursday, Nov. 5, 2009, at Denton-Wood Funeral Home Chapel. Mass of Christian burial is scheduled for 10 a.m. Friday, Nov. 6, 2009, at St. Edward Catholic Church, 209 N. Guadalupe, Carlsbad, N.M., with Fr. Cyprian Uline, OFM, Conv. officiating. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Priscilla H. Haug was born on Oct. 10, 1946, in Las Vegas, N.M., to Feliciano (Felix) and Celestina (C de Baca) Otero. Priscilla traveled all over the world and lived all over the United States as well as Saudi Arabia and Iran. Priscilla was a very dedicated grandmother, loving wife, mother, sister and friend. She was also an avid seamstress and prolific reader. She was preceded in death by her parents. Survivors include husband: Darold G. Haug of Carlsbad, N.M.; two daughters: Cristol Alvarez and husband, Dan of Houston, Texas, and Jennifer Barron of Idaho Falls, Idaho; son: Aren Haug of Las Cruces, N.M.; three grandchildren: Amber Measles, Chelsea Alvarez and Caetlin Alvarez, all of Houston, Texas; siblings: Annie Bullock and husband, Randy, Sam Otero and wife, Wanda, Jesse Otero and wife, Becky and Lisa Bellegante and husband, Gene, all of Pocatello, Idaho; mother-in-law; Marion Haug of Las Vegas, N.V.; brothers and sisters in-law: Roger Haug and wife Clar of Waseca, Minn., Karvel Haug and wife Dorcas of Parker, Colo., and Kevin Haug and wife Lorrie of Las Vegas, N.V., numerous nieces, nephews, great-nieces, great-nephews and cousins. Pallbearers will be Aren Haug, Dan Alvarez, Kevin Haug and Karvel Haug. Cremation will follow the Mass of Christian Burial on Friday.
Dr. Theodore Edwin Ted Hauser passed away Friday, March 20, 2009 at age 86 at Landsun Health Service Center in Carlsbad, NM. A memorial service is scheduled for 2 p.m. today (March 25) at First Presbyterian Church with the Rev. Sam Lanham officiating. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Dr. Hauser was born in New York, in 1922, and attended Cornell University, where he met his wife, Ruth. They were married in 1944, while he was in Cornell Medical School. After graduation and an internship at Bellevue Hospital in New York, Ted served in the Army at Fitzsimons Army Hospital in Colorado, then returned to New York, where he practiced medicine at New York Hospital, and with his father Dr. Edwin Hauser. He was invited to move to Carlsbad by his chief from the Army and came to live here with Ruth and two young daughters in 1952. He said he liked what he saw in Carlsbad: good schools, a friendly community, stable economy and plenty of opportunity to improve health care. In a long list of his medical accomplishments in Carlsbad, Ted was especially proud to have helped put in place the first ICU (Intensive Care) and CCU (Cardiac Care) units which included training some 100 nurses. When Memorial Hospital and St. Francis Hospital were replaced in the 1970s, Ted became the first Chief of Staff and President of the Board of Trustees of the new Carls-bad Medical Center. He was on the Board of Directors of the New Mexico Blue Cross. He became a Fellow in the American College of Physicians and a Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians, and an Associate Fellow of the American College of Cardiology. Dr. Hauser was very active in the wider community affairs in Carlsbad. He served as President of the Chamber of Commerce, a member of the City Council (where he supported the anti-smoking legislation that was finally adopted), a founder of the Living Desert Park, a member of the State Park and Recreation Board, President of the Deliver-a-Meal program, the first Medical Director of Landsun, a member of the Downtown Lions, a 32nd Degree Mason, the Shriners, the Elks, an Elder at the Presbyterian Church, and a Director of the Carlsbad National Bank for many years. His numerous informal efforts on behalf of the community included paying to keep the Caverns open during times of budget cuts. His many awards and recognitions included being named as Citizen of the Year by the Carls-bad Jaycees and receiving the Carlsbad Foundation Crawford Humanitarian Award. Survivors include wife, Ruth Hauser of Carlsbad; three daughters: Barbara and husband, Dr. Douglas Cameron of Rochester, Minn., Carol and husband, James Pomares of El Dorado Hills, Calif., and Joan and husband, William Permenter of Spring, Texas; seven grandchildren: Jason, Stuart, David, Michael, Mariah, Lori and Traci; eight great-grandchildren: Jack, Lucy, Anders, Hayden, Erick Theodore, Morgan, Avery and Taylor; and Ruths sister, Betty Bowman. Memorial contributions may be made to First Presbyterian Church, 309 W. Shaw St., Carlsbad, NM 88220, Landsun Homes Caring Hands, 2002 Westridge Road, Carlsbad, NM 88220 or a charity of the donors choice.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - June 27, 2007  CARLSBAD - Yevetta Kay "Katy" Hayslip, 52, of Singletree Road, passed away Sunday, June 24, 2007 at her home. Visitation will be from 4-8 p.m. today. Funeral services are scheduled for 2 p.m. Friday at Landmark Baptist Church with Pastor Dave Rogers officiating. Cremation will take place after the service. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Yevetta Kay "Katy" Hayslip was born July 16, 1954 to David and Alberta Faye (Clifton) Nance in Carlsbad. She graduated from Carlsbad High School in 1972. Katy then moved to Gurneville, Calif., where she met Clift and they were married April 2, 1974. They moved to Carlsbad in 1977 and began their family. Katy was fortunate to be able to stay at home and enjoy raising her two sons. She worked in several retail stores before joining Albertson's in 1993. Katy quickly progressed to scan coordinator and recently held the title of Lead Scan Coordinator of Albertson's Southwest Division. She was highly respected and loved among her co-workers and friends. Katy enjoyed staying in touch with family and friends through e-mail. She loved planting flowers and taking care of them and logged many hours on her bike rides. Katy was preceded in death by her mother, Faye Evangelisti. Survivors include her husband of 33 years, Clift Hayslip of Carlsbad; two sons: Wes Hayslip and wife Stacy, of Austin, Texas; and Travis Hayslip and wife Lori, of Carlsbad; father, Buck Nance and wife Scotty, of Carlsbad; stepmother: June Zancanella of California; brothers: Steve Nance, Jon Nance and Breck Durham; and sisters: Brenda Peoples, Deena Ridout and Marcie Loftesnes.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - August 9, 2006CARLSBAD -Glen V. Hedgecock, 81, of Birch Lane, passed away August 8, 2006, at his home. Visitation will be from 9 a.m. to noon today. Funeral services are scheduled for 2 p.m. Thursday at Denton-Wood Funeral Home Chapel with Pastor Dean McAllister, Pastor Billy Hedgecock of 9th & Missouri Church of God, and Brother Harold Perry of the Capitan Foursquare Gospel Church officiating. Interment will follow at Carlsbad Cemetery, Carlsbad, NM. Carlsbad Veterans Honor Guard will provide military honors. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Glen V. Hedgecock was born November 29, 1924 to Jack and Pearl Oney Hedgecock in Portales. He grew up in the Chickasha, Okla. area. Glen joined the Navy in 1942 and served his country through two tours of duty in the Pacific Theatre. After the service, he moved to Roswell where he worked for White's Mattress Factory. While working at the factory, Glen met and married Gladys Prince on October 15, 1949. Glen and Gladys moved to Carlsbad in 1956 where he worked for the school district from 1956 1991. Glen loved fishing, hunting, and playing sports as a young man and watching sports and attending church, as he got older. He was a member of the Four Square Gospel in Capitan and attended the Church of God locally. Glen was also very proud to be a charter member and past- president of the AFL-CIO local Steel Workers Union. Glen was preceded in death by his parents, two sisters: Pauline Rabb and Betty Viola Lane, 2 granddaughters and one great-grandson. He is survived by his wife Gladys; sons Glen A. Hedgecock and wife Terry, Billy W. Hedgecock and wife Thelma, John Hedgecock, and Robert Hedgecock all of Carlsbad; daughter Linda Bravo of Carlsbad; brothers Dale Hedgecock of Arizona, Jack Hedgecock and his wife Mary of Roswell, and Kenneth Hedgecock of Arizona; 19 grandchildren and 22 great-grandchildren. Pallbearers will be Billy Hedgecock, John Hedgecock, Robert Hedgecock, Glen A. Hedgecock, David Bravo, Glen "Ace" Hedgecock, Michael Hedgecock and Robert Kingsbury.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - February 6, 2007  CARLSBAD - Antonio "Tony" Juan Hernandez, 91, of West Riverside Drive, passed away Feb. 3, 2007 at Carlsbad Medical Center. Visitation will be 1-7 p.m. today. Funeral services are scheduled for 10 a.m. Thursday at Denton-Wood Funeral Home Chapel with Pastor Bob Bacon officiating. A private entombment will take place at Sunset Gardens. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Tony was born May 27, 1915, in Gomez Palacio, Durango, Mexico, to Antonio and Felicitas Aguilera Hernandez. Tony, an only child, immigrated with his widowed mother to El Paso in the 1920s. As a boy, he helped his mother work in El Paso's kitchens. Tony joined the U.S. Army in 1942, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1944. Following his military service, Tony attended Texas Western College, now the University of Texas-El Paso. During that time, Tony's mother and stepfather moved to Carlsbad to open a restaurant. When his stepfather died in 1950, Tony came to Carlsbad to help his mother in the restaurant business. Together they established the Cortez Restaurant, well known throughout New Mexico for traditional, family-style Mexican food. For 63 years, Tony served his clientele with quiet warmth and old world charm. His work brought him great joy, and he continued to greet customers and friends at the door long after retirement-age. If you were a regular, Tony knew your name. It was important to him that everyone who entered the restaurant left content. Tony Hernandez was a generous man, who showed equal kindness and hospitality to those who came hungry to the restaurant's back door. Life had taught him tolerance, which was a gift he passed to his sons. He believed hard work led to success another gift from a gentle man who aspired to the "American Dream." "Use your brain, not your back," was often heard by Tony's sons, and his greatest accomplishments were Tony Jr., George Juan and Jorge Warren Hernandez, whom he loved dearly. A few times a year Tony enjoyed going back to Mexico on fishing trips with his good friend, Dr. Charley Crooks. The two also found time to go arrowhead hunting and exploring in this area. Tony was a member of the American Legion, Rotary Club, Downtown Lions Club and was honored as LULAC's Business Man of the Year. He also had the distinction of being the first Hispanic member of the Carlsbad Country Club, where he loved to play golf. He was preceded in death by his parents; wife of 50 years, Vera Hernandez; son, George Juan Hernandez; son, 1st Lt. Jorge Warren Hernandez; stepdaughter, Verdeen Herring; and stepson Kenneth Mears. Survivors include: his wife, Jody Hernandez, of the family home; son Antonio Hernandez and wife, Frances of Carlsbad; two step-daughters: Dawn Gregston of Colorado Springs, Colo.; and Yvetta Scott of Albuquerque; stepson, Eldon Mears and wife, Joan of Albuquerque; four grandchildren: Wendy Hernandez, John Hernandez, Jennifer Hernandez and Destiny Hernandez; and numerous stepgrandchildren, great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren. Pallbearers will be Dr. Charles Crooks, Ruben Flores, Dan Lopez, Sam Dorado Sr., Leo Estrada Jr. and Cid Castillo. Honorary pallbearer will be Joe McNew. In lieu of flowers, contributions may be made to 1st Lt. Jorge Warren Hernandez Memorial Scholarship Fund, c/o Carlsbad Foundation, 116 S. Canyon St., Carlsbad, NM 88220.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - May 10, 2007 CARLSBAD - Jim "Jimmy" Hersom, 41, of Colonial Court, passed away Monday, May 7, 2007 at his home. Visitation will be noon to 7 p.m. today at Denton-Wood Funeral Home. A memorial service is scheduled for 11 a.m. Saturday at Carlsbad Family Fellowship with Pastor Rick Ketterling officiating. Interment will take place at Fairview Cemetery, Grafton, Mass. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Jim was our father, brother, friend and lover. He was a genuine, loving and nurturing man who would do anything for anybody. He had a heart bigger than he was and he was a big man. Jimmy was born in Worcester, Mass. on June 8, 1965, and grew up to love the Red Socks baseball team and the business of welding and machining at the family owned welding company in Grafton, Mass.. He rarely missed a Boston Red Sox game or a game in which the New England Patriots were playing. His pride in his east coast heritage was part of who he was. He was blessed by his son James Mathew, whom he cherished more than anything in this world. His sense of family and his love of his sisters: Anne, Tricia, Jackie and Jean was constant and endearing. He met Beverly Crawford and her family in 1996 and became a foundation of support and light heartedness that inspired us all. Rachel Crawford best described Jim's "bear hugs" as being there when we needed them. Adam Crawford also recognized that Jim's six-foot four-inch frame was small compared to the capacity of his heart to love and nurture us. Most precious to Bev was Jim's ability to make light and poke fun at just about anything. It taught her to stop taking herself so seriously. We will miss you, dear one. You have been the heart and soul that has mended and grown our families together, but now you deserve your reward in heaven. Jim was preceded in death by his parents and stepson, Sam Crawford. Survivors include his wife, Beverly Crawford of Carlsbad; son, James Hersom, of Tri Cities, Wash.; stepson, Adam Crawford and wife, Shari, of Provo, Utah; stepdaughter, Rachel Crawford of Carlsbad; grandson, Sammy Crutcher of Carlsbad; four sisters: Tricia LeClaire and husband Jon, of Grafton, Mass., and their daughter, Alana; Jackie Wood and husband, Richard of Grafton, Mass. and their children, Paul, Ryan, Tim and Caroline; Anne Couture and husband, Ray, of West Roxbury, Mass.; and Jean Thompson and husband, Jon, of Grafton, Mass., and their children, Cara and Maria; and many close friends. Memorial contributions may be made to Carlsbad Family Fellowship, 2107 W. Church Street, Carlsbad, NM
sbad Current-Argus (NM) - February 12, 2007 s CARLSBAD - Herman J. Hines, 94, of Watson Court., passed away Thursday, Feb. 8, 2007, at Carlsbad Medical Center. There will be no visitation; cremation has taken place. A memorial service is scheduled for 10 a.m. Thursday at Landsun Homes - Otto Chapel with Reverend Mike Stahl officiating. A private inurnment will be at First United Methodist Church. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Herman James Hines was born July 14, 1912, to George L. and Agnes Hines in Uhrichsville, Ohio. He attended public schools in Uhrichsville, Ohio, graduating from high school in 1930 where he was Valedictorian. Herman married Elsa F. Lowmiller on June 24, 1936 in Pennsylvania. He worked for Worthington Wholesale Hardware Company in Cleveland, Ohio for over 42 years. After retirement, Herman and Elsie moved to Rio Rancho in 1971 where they lived until moving to Carlsbad in 1990. He was a 55-year member of William McKinley Masonic Lodge No. 431 in Canton, Ohio; charter member of the Sandoval Masonic Lodge No. 76 in Rio Rancho, and a member of the Scottish Rite, 32 degree Mason. Herman was also a member of the Turquoise Chapter, No. 71 and Artesia Chapter No. 18 Order of the Eastern Star and a 50-year member of the Tadmor Temple Shrine in Ohio. He was an avid gardener. Herman was preceded in death by his parents, sister, Erma V. Hillegas and brother, Arthur R. Hines. He is survived by his wife of 70 years, Elsie F. Hines of Carlsbad; and son Harold Kevan Hines of Carlsbad. Memorial contributions may be made to the CARC Farm, 902 West Cherry Lane, Carlsbad, N.M. 88220 or Landsun Hospice, 1815 Westridge Rd., Carlsbad, N.M. 88220.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - May 26, 2007  CARLSBAD - Alfredo Hinojos, Funeral Mass for Alfredo Hinojos, 90, of Presidio Street, will be celebrated at 11 a.m. Tuesday, May 29, 2007 at San Jose Catholic Church with Fr. Valentine Jankowski officiating. A Vigil Service will be held at 7 p.m. Monday at San Jose Catholic Church. Visitation will be Monday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the West Funeral Home Chapel. Alfredo Garcia Hinojos was born July 10, 1916 in Ruidoso, Texas. He was raised by his step-father and mother, Juan and Simona Ramirez. He worked as a contract laborer in the construction business. He was preceded in death by his wife, Francisca Hinojos, and grandsons; J.J. Mata and Michael Hinojos. Alfredo is survived by his children: Aldofo and wife Eva Hinojos of Carlsbad, Efren and wife Elia Hinojos of Bloomfield, Alfredo Jr. and wife Rachel Hinojos of Carlsbad, Anita and husband Henry Sosa of Carlsbad, Armando Hinojos, Cruz and wife Vicky Hinojos of Colorado Springs, Lilly and husband Carlos Buendia of Carlsbad, Rachel and husband Steve Hernandez of Phoenix, Helen and husband Frank Martinez of Carlsbad, Danny and wife Nancy Hinojos of Carlsbad, David and wife Deena Hinojos of Colorado Springs; 82 Grandchildren, six great-grandchildren and two great-great grandchildren.
Carlsbad Current-Argus (NM) - December 8, 2006  CARLSBAD - Funeral services for Woodson Lee "Woody" Inman, 85, of Sandia Street, are scheduled for 3:30 p.m. today at Blodgett Street Baptist Church with Pastor Bobby W. Fuller and Pastor David Prell officiating. Interment will follow at Carlsbad Cemetery. Carlsbad Veterans Honor Guard will provide military honors. Denton-Wood Funeral Home is in charge of the arrangements. Visitation will be from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. today at Denton-Wood Funeral Home. The family will receive guests from 9 to 10 a.m. Mr. Inman died Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2006, at Landsun Health Services. Woodson Lee Inman was born July 7, 1921 in Tulia, Texas, to Thomas Burton and Willie Lessie Inman. He was preceded in death by his parents and four sisters. Woody served his country in the US Army Air Corp. during WWII. He married Velma Rogers in Portales, N.M. on April 4, 1947. They moved to Carlsbad in 1951 at which time Woody bought Guarantee Abstract. He later worked as an independent Landman for Exxon Coal Resources until retirement in 1988. He was a faithful member of Blodgett Street Baptist Church and was active in many civil organizations. He is survived by his wife of 59 years, Velma Inman of Carlsbad; two sons, Gary Inman and wife Karla of Vancouver, Wash., and Larry Keith Inman and wife, Dee of Coppell, Texas; two daughters, Marilyn Moore and husband Jerry of Carlsbad, and Ginger Jordan and husband Johnny of Crossroads, Texas; two brothers, Pat Patterson and wife Diane of Carlsbad, and Bert Patterson and wife Mary of Odessa, Texas; 11 grandchildren, 14 great-grandchildren and nieces, nephews, extended family and "coffee buddies." Pallbearers will be Kevin Phillips, Bob Moss, Clarence Rogge, Bob Wilson, Gene Kinsey, Bill Jordan and Leonard Foster. Honorary pallbearers will be "Coffee Buddies."
 

 

 

divider 

Help this site grow by submitting YOUR families' data. Contact Janice to submit your ancestors' data for inclusion on this website.
divider

Main Page


All data on this website is Copyright 2010 by JRice & Genealogy Trails with full rights reserved for original submitters.