New Mexico Genealogy Trails


    Facts and Trivia


desert scene

Zip Codes

Santa Fe Facts

State Flag

State Song

State Cookie


Palace of the Governors

Kit Carson's house

San Miguel Chapel, Sante Fe, New Mexico
Oldest church structure in the US.

White Sands National Monument
White Sands Desert

    January 21, 1911 - More than 45,000 New Mexico voters went to the polls and approved a Constitution that paved the way for statehood, by a vote of 31,742 to 13,399.

    February 24, 1911 - President William Howard Taft (1857-1930) sent a message to the U. S. Senate and House of Representatives recommending approval of New Mexico’s new constitution. The House approved the document on February 28. The Senate Committee on Territories recommended approval, but political squabbling prevented approval by the full Senate until August 8, when it passed by a vote of 53-18.

    November 7, 1911 - Election day for the first officials of the State of New Mexico. Results of the election were as follows: Democrat William C. McDonald defeated Republican Holm Bursum for governor; Democrat Ezequiel C. de Baca defeated Republican Malaquias Martínez for Lieutenant Governor; Republican George Curry and Democrat H. B. Fergusson were elected to the U.S. Congress; Democrat Antonio Lucero defeated Republican Secundino Romero for Secretary of State; Republican Frank W. Clancy defeated Democrat W. D. McGill for Attorney General; Republican R. P. Ervien defeated Democrat J. L. Emerson for Commissioner of Public Lands.

    January 6, 1912 - Republican President William Howard Taft (1857-1930) signed the proclamation making New Mexico the 47th State of the Union. He said, “I am glad to give you life. I hope you will be healthy.”
    [Source: Lamar, The Far Southwest, New Mexico Blue Book, 2003-2004, Twitchell, Leading Facts, vol. II]

    Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state in the union on January 6, 1912.  The admission of the neighboring state of Arizona on February 14, 1912 completed the contiguous 48 states.

    The United States government built the Los Alamos Research Center in 1943 amid the Second World War.  Top-secret personnel here developed the atomic bomb, first detonated at Trinity site in the desert on the White Sands Proving Grounds vaguely near Alamogordo on July 16, 1945.

    Albuquerque expanded rapidly after the war.  High-altitude experiments near Roswell in 1947 reputedly led to persistent (unproven) claims by a few that the government captured and concealed extraterrestrial corpses and equipment.  The state quickly emerged as a leader in nuclear, solar, and geothermal energy research and development.  The Sandia National Laboratories founded in 1949, carried out nuclear research and special weapons development at Kirtland Air Force Base south of Albuquerque and at Livermore, California.

    Located in the remote Chihuahuan Desert the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is located 26 miles southeast of Carlsbad.  Here nuclear wastes are buried deep in carved out salt formation disposal rooms mined 2,150 feet underground in a 2,000 foot thick salt formation that has been stable for more then 200 million years.  WIPP began operations on March 26, 1999.

    New Mexico's largest cities are Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Santa Fe, Rancho and Roswell.

    Santa Fe is the highest capital city in the United States at 7,000 feet above sea level.

    Lakes and Rivers make up only .002% of the states total surface area.  The lowest water-to-land ratio of all 50 states.  Most of New Mexico's lakes are man-made reservoirs.  A dam on the Rio Grande formed the Elephant Butte Reservoir the state's largest lake.

    The Rio Grande is New Mexico's longest river and runs the entire length of New Mexico.

    White Sands National Monument is a desert, not of sand, but of gleaming white gypsum crystals.

    New Mexico is one of the four corner states.  Bordering at the same point with Colorado, Utah and Arizona.

    The Palace of Governors in Santa Fe is the oldest Government Building in the United States.

    Tens of thousands of bats live in the Carlsbad Caverns.  The largest chamber of Carlsbad Caverns is more than 10 football fields long and about 22 stories high.

    On the same desert ground where today's space age missiles are tested, ten-thousand-year-old arrowheads have been found.

It is the sixth least densely populated of the 50 United States.

Has the second-highest percentage of Native Americans, (after Alaska), and the fifth-highest total number of Native Americans after California, Oklahoma, Arizona, and Texas. The tribes in the state consist of mostly Navajo and Pueblo peoples.

New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics in the U.S.


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