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McKinley County Information
Gallup is called the "Indian Capital of the
World", for its location in the heart of Native American lands, and the
presence of Navajo, Zuni, Hopi and other tribes. Gallup is the
undisputed Southwestern center for original American Indian art.
According to the 2000 census, Gallup's population is 93 percent Indian.
With a population of approximately 20,000 contemporary Gallup is a
unique and colorful mix of vibrant enterprise and traditional Native
America. With genuine arts & crafts in rich abundance, the
city's 110 trading posts, galleries and shops project a unique blend of
Native-American and Hispanic culture.
One of the oldest towns in the United States, Gallup’s population can
be traced back to 2500 BC with the settlement of the Anasazi in Canyon
de Chelly. As the Anasazi population rose, so did trading in the area.
White men began to populate the area in 1880 when the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe Railroad began to push its way westward. The railroad
paymaster, David Gallup, established a small company headquarters along
the projected railroad right-of-way. Rail workers soon began "going to
Gallup" to collect their pay. When the tracks were finally laid through
the area in 1881, the new settlement was formally named after the
paymaster. Gallup was incorporated as a town in 1891. A local
government was established and in 1901 it became the county seat of
the first half of the twentieth century, the economy of the emerging
town was largely supported by plentiful coal mining in the region. In
fact, Gallup was called "Carbon City" for a time. The town's first
inhabitants were those westward-seeking workers who sought employment
in the mines and on the railroad.
In December 17, 1937, a Gallup icon was born when the El Rancho Hotel
was built by the brother of the movie magnet, D.W. Griffith. The hotel
quickly became the temporary home for many Hollywood stars as well as a
stopping point for tourists drive on old Route 66. During its heyday,
the El Rancho Hotel hosted Ronald Reagan, Spencer Tracy, Katherine
Hepburn and Kirk Douglas, among many others. Today, visitors can still
enjoy the Old West charm of this historic hotel, now on the National
Inter-tribal Indian Ceremonial
Native American (Pueblo, Taos) men participate in a dance in Gallup,
They wear bells, moccasins, kilts, feather armbands, bustles, and
[source: Library of Congress]
* Gallup (county seat)
places and Other Populated Places
* Black Rock * Brimhall Nizhoni * Church Rock * Crownpoint * Crystal *
* Navajo * Pueblo Pintado * Ramah * Rock Springs * Thoreau * Tohatchi
* Tse Bonito * Twin Lakes * Yah-ta-hey * Zuni Pueblo
Allison * Clarkville *
Gamerco * Heaton (aka Camp Heaton) * Mentmore * Navajo
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Lillie Trujillo obit; Four Scouts Awarded By Board of Review (comm.
news);Shield and Emma Mlekush to Wed; Sellard Elected School President;
Local Educators Attend Meeting for Curricula Revisions;
Sep 2014: obit for MANN