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Herkimer County History
The county was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County.
It is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany during the Revolutionary War.
In 1791, Herkimer County was created as one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego and Tioga counties) as New York State was developed after the American Revolutionary War. Its area was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced subsequently as more counties were organized.
In 1794, Onondaga County was split off from Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, and included the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego counties.
In 1798, portions of Herkimer and Tioga counties were taken to form Chenango County.
Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County. It was then larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego counties.
In 1802, parts of Herkimer, Clinton and Montgomery counties were combined to form the new St. Lawrence County.
Herkimer County is known for producing unusual clear, doubly terminated quartz crystals, marketed as Herkimer diamonds.
County Seat: Herkimer
Year Organized: 1791
Square Miles: 1,412
County Office Building
109 Mary St, Ste 1310
Herkimer, NY 13350-1998
Columbia * Danube * Fairfield * Frankfort * German Flatts * Herkimer * Litchfield * Little Falls *
Manheim * Newport * Norway * Ohio * Russia * Salisbury * Schuyler * Stark * Warren * Webb * Winfield
Cold Brook * Dolgeville * Frankfort * Herkimer (county seat) * Ilion * Middleville * Mohawk * Newport * Poland * West Winfield
Beaver River * Eagle Bay * Jordanville * Newville
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