The earliest church in Amboy was the Freewill Baptist, organized in 1824. This society finally ceased to exist and the church building was converted into a town hall in 1892.
The Baptist church in Hastings was first organized at the house of Nathan Raymond on August 25, 1826, and was duly recognized by Council at a school house in West Monroe on September 20 of the same year, the original members being Charles Smedley, Nathan and Maria Raymond, Stephen Richmond, Ferrin B. Wheelan, Abigail Russell, Cordelia Fuller, and Rachel Merchant. Elder G. B. Davis gave the hand of fellowship. Meetings were held in various places, principally at Central Square and Caughdenoy, until 1842, when a church edifice was built at the last named village and dedicated by Rev. Peter Woodin. On June 30, 1849, the church formally disbanded. The Baptist church of Central Square was organized by Rev. Peter Woodin on June 14, 1845, and duly recognized by Council on the 25th of the same month. There were twenty-two constituent members with Philip Carter as deacon and T. H. Waterbury as clerk. A frame ediﬁce was built in 1846 and dedicated December 18 of that year. The institution of this church was mainly due to the persistent labors of Rev. Peter Woodin, the ﬁrst pastor, who remained until 1850, When he went to California and organized a Baptist church there. He returned to Central Square in May, 1852, and served as pastor of this church until April 1, 1872, when he resigned, being succeeded by Rev. D. D Owen. He was a man greatly respected and possessed rare executive ability. The society has about 115 members and property valued at $3,000. Mrs. J. P. Dix is superintendent of the Sunday school.
A Freewill Baptist church was organized at Carley's Mills in I832 with the following members: David Linsley, Mr. Cotton, Peter Carr, Mary Carr, Mrs. Delaney Ostrum, William Nutling, and Joseph Maford. Joseph Maford was elected the ﬁrst deacon; he afterwards became a preacher. when Mr. Burrows and Mr. Perine were chosen deacons. Meetings are held in the school house.
West Monroe - About 1854 a Baptist church was erected in the village of West Monroe at a cost of $2,000. The pastor at that time was Elder Hanson. The society finally disbanded and for many years the edifice has been occupied by the Seventh-Day Adventists and others. The property is owned by John F. Slocum.
Sandy Creek - The First Baptist church of Sandy Creek was constituted in 1820, and among the earliest members was Mrs. Mary Salisbury, who is still living. One of the first pastors was Rev. Philo Forbes. The first church edifice was built by subscription about 1840, or soon afterward, and Elder McFarland delivered the dedicatory sermon. Subsequent pastors were Revs. John C. Ward and W. W. Hukey. Henry Soule was long the church clerk, the present one being J. P. Ford. Rev. E. F. Maine was pastor of this society from November 1, 1884, to November 1, 1892, and under him the edifice was rebuilt at a cost of over $3,000, and rededicated on November 14, 1889, the dedicatory sermon being preached by Elder McFarland Rev. Mr. Maine, now a pastor in Mexico, has just completed a half century of continuous ministry. The society owns a parsonage, and their entire property is valued at $7,000. They have about 190 members, under the pastorship of Rev. D. E. Post, who succeeded Rev. Jabez Sanford in January, 1895. The officers are H. A. Hall and George Cole, deacons; H. A. Hall, Jerome Curtis, George T. Smith, John Reynolds, Simon J. Hadley, John Young and E. W. Stevens, trustees. The Sunday school has about 140 officers and scholars, with W. F. Corse as superintendent.
Schroppell - The Free Baptist Church of Gilbert's Mills dates its legal organization from February 26, 1831, but prior to that meetings and baptisms of this denomination had occurred in the neighborhood under the ministrations of Rev. Benjamin McKoon, who was the first settled pastor. The constituent members were Jonathan Babcock, Josiah Chaffee, Percy Ayre, Charles Smith, Albigence Chaffee, Clarissa Dayton, Johanna Chaffee, Polly Gardner and Mrs. Albigence Chaffee. Stephen Griffith and Harlow Merrill were the first deacons and Dea. G. W. Turner was the first church clerk; the latter served in that capacity for about fifty consecutive years. In July, 1837, the frame of the first edifice was raised; the structure was completed and dedicated by Rev. Robert Hunt, pastor, in the spring of 1839. In 1875 it received extensive repairs and was rededicated in October of that year by Rev. R. L. Howard. Among the pastors who succeeded Rev. Mr. McKoon were Revs. Ansel Griffith (brother of Dea. Stephen Griffith), John R. Page, Stephen Krum, Joseph Wilson, William Russell, William C. Byer, David J. Whiting, H. A. Baker, William A. Stone, Amos E. Wilson, S. W. Schoonover and others.
The Freewill Baptist church of Phoenix was organized September 2, 1846, with these members: Walter Peck, Thomas Clough, Albert Clough and wife, Almira Clough, Harvey Hollister and wife, Stephen Bachelder and wife, G. W. Oakes and wife, Sally Ann Rice, Charles Higby and wife, Joel Morseman and wife, and John G. Hull and wife. The first officers were Walter Peck, deacon; Harvey Hollister, treas urer; and John G. Hull, clerk. In 1851, under the pastorate of Rev. W. W. Sterricker, and with Walter Peck, the pastor, David S. Tabor, John P. Rice, and Josiah Chaffee as building committee, a frame edifice was erected at a cost of about $2,000. It is now used as a soap man-ufactory. In 1878 the present brick structure was built on the site of an old hotel, which was purchased of Sylvester Rugg for $1,850. It cost about $5,000 and was dedicated early in 1879, at which time Rev. J. H. Durkee was pastor. The various pastors have been Revs. J. B. Page, O. W. Smith, W. W. Sterricker, S. Bathrick, B. H. Damon, C. Putnam, D. Jackson, C. Cook, S. Aldrich, E. Crowell, William McKee, J. H. Durkee, J. P. Linderman, Hanscom, Ward, A. D. Bryant, and E. E. Morrell, incumbent. The deacons are S. M. Parsons, William Blakeman, and Elmer Patchin; trustees, S. M. Parsons, William Blakeman, M. J. Chaffee, Eugene Emmons, and George Hazleton.
Scriba - Religious services in Scriba began during the first decade of the present century with occasional meetings at private houses. Asahel Bush, was the pioneer preacher in the town and conducted services for many years. Rev. Samuel. Baldwin was also an early minister of the gospel. The first religious organization was effected January 7, 1828, when the “Free Communion Baptist church of North Scriba” was formed, the constituent members, seven in number, being Daniel Knapp, Samuel Frazier, John Sweet, Stephen Krumb, William Coon, and Daniel and Lucy Gorsline. This society was dissolved December 13, 1831, and the present First Free Baptist church of North Scriba was legally organized. In 1848 their first house of worship, a plain wooden structure 32 by 44 feet, was erected on the site of the present building, a short distance west of North Scriba post-office. The last named edifice was built in 1875 and was dedicated on December 1 of that year by Rev. G. H. Ball, D. D. It is a handsome structure of gothic architecture capable of seating 250 persons. Near it is a frame parsonage. The entire property is valued at about $5,000. The society has nearly 100 members and the Sunday school consists of about forty scholars. The oldest surviving member of this church is Dea. Simeon Coe. Among the pastors have been: Revs. William Nutting. J. Wilson. A. Griffeth. M. Stanley. L. Hanson. J. Noye, J. J. Allen. C. Prescott, J. Wilson again. A. E. Wilson. William C. Beyer. J. F. Smith, and Edward L. Graves since April, 1893. The First Baptist Church of Scriba Corners, constituted in 1883, held its earlier services in the village hall. It was organized by Rev. Mr. Grafty, at the time a pastor in Oswego, who became the first pastor of this socicty. His successors were Revs. Wetherbee, Fries, and W. P. Omans who remained seven years. During the pastorate of the latter the present church and parsonage buildings were erected. The edifice, a brick structure, cost $3,600 and was dedicated December 6, 1887. Rev. Mr. Omans left in March, 1894, and in October following the present pastor, Rev. Herbert A. Dunbar, assumed charge. The society has about seventy-five members, and a Sunday school of sixty scholars with A. Whittemore as superintendent. Their entire property is valued at $5,000, The deacons are Harvey Burt, Daniel Powers and Fred Waugh; trustees, George Stone, Delbert Stone and Daniel Powers; clerk, Charles Yule; treasurer, A. Whittemore.
Albion - The Baptist Church of Albion, situated near the center of the town, was organized December 26, 1837, with these members: Ebenezer Cowin, Samuel Davidson, Harvey Hurlburt, Jeremiah Kellogg, William H. Delano, Horace Holmes, Andrew Patterson, Harry Wright, Leah Davidson, Clarissa Dickerson, Priscilla Holmes, Mary Cowin, Lydia Cowin, Susan Doolittle, Sally Patter son, Harriet Wright. The first and present edifice, a frame structure, was built in 1852, and with a parsonage and other property is valued at $1,500. It will seat 200 persons. Among the former pastors were Revs. Samuel Davidson, Elias Burdick, John Canan, Elisha Robbins, and others. The present pastor is Rev. R. A. Burdick. The society has about ninety members and a Sunday school of fifty scholars with Frank R. Corwin, superin tendent.
Pulaski - The Baptist church of Pulaski was organized at the court house June 9, 1828, in compliance with a resolution adopted at a conference held May 17, of that year. Prior to that time Rev. Nathaniel Gitteau, “a very acceptable preacher,” who died in 1827, formed the Baptists of the vicinity into a class for religious worship, and presided over them in the capacity of a temporary minister. The recognition services creating the new society were solemnized by Rev. R. T. Smith, Rev. Enos Ferris, and Rev. Timothy Brewster, and T. C. Baker was elected church clerk. On July 12 Benjamin Snow, sr., and T. C. Baker were chosen deacons. The constituent members were: Jason Lothrop, Benjamin Snow, T. C. Baker, R. Clyne, Eli Greene, Horace Phillips, John Hendrickson, Sylvester Hills, Oliver Allen, Mrs. Allen and daughter, Mrs. William Hale and daughter, Sibyl S. Baker, Lavina Snow, Delia Doane, Betsey Jones, Polly Hendrickson, Charlotte Way, Amanda Weed, Susan Phillips, Lovina Meacham, Ann Fellows, Cynthia Bass, Eliza Bragdon, and Fanny Manwarring. At a meeting held August 31, 1829, the project of building a church was inaugurated, but the edifice was not finished and occupied until the summer of 1834 The pastor during this period was Rev. Jesse Elliott. Several years later, and during the pastorate of Rev. S. J. Decker, the structure was repaired, enlarged, and for the first time dedicated. The last sermon was delivered in this edifice July 22, 1894. Upon the original site, fronting on the south park, the society has erected a new frame building at a cost of about $7,500. The corner stone was laid September 11, 1894, and the edifice was dedicated in May, 1895. The first pastor was Rev. Jason Lothrop; his successors have been : Revs. Jesse Elliott, I. N. T. Tucker, C. B. Taylor, A. Webb, Charles Marshall, Thomas Bright, W. I. Crane, Lawson Muzzy, S. J. Decker, M. W. Wilson, G. A. Ames, M. B. Comfort, J. J. Townsend, D. D. Owen, J. N. Steelman, and D. J. Bailey, the present in cumbent. The deacons are J. W. Wood, E. F. Smith, and Ephraim Averill. Benjamin Snow, jr., is church clerk. The society has about 165 members, and a Sunday school of nearly 200 scholars, with J. L. Hutchins as superintendents. St. James Protestant Episcopal church of Pulaski was organized at the Court House August to, 1846, Hon. Andrew Z. McCarty presiding at the meeting, with the following vestry: John David and Andrew Z. McCarty (wardens); John Box, jr., Daniel McCarty, Jerome B Smith, Joseph T. Stevens, John A. Rose, Alden Crandall, Frey Lane, and J. C. Rhoades, vestrymen. The founder and life-long warden of the parish, and one of its most influential members, was John David, who maintained lay-reading whenever a vacancy in the rectorship occurred. The church was finished and consecrated February 27, 1850, by Rt. Rev. William H. De Lancey, bishop of Western New York, at a cost of $2,500. It was then regarded as one of the handsomest edifices in the diocese. It is 30x90 feet and was designed by Upjohn, of New York. To aid in the erection of this structure Hon. William C. Pierrepont, of Pierrepont Manor, Jefferson county, contributed $500 and for the rectory he gave $1,000. The earlier rectors of the parish were: Rev. Edward De Zeng, Henry Stanley, Gordon M. Bradley, Andrew Oliver, Joshua L. Harrison, Moses E. Wilson, Peter B. Morrison, Milton B. Benton, Gilbert B. Hayden, and others. The present rector is Rev. Robert Paul.
Palermo - The first Sunday school in town was organized by Seymour Coe, superintendent, at his log house in 1816. The first minister of the gospel was Rev. Asaph Graves, a Baptist and a Vermonter. The First Baptist church of Palermo was organized with Rev. Enoch Ferris as pastor in 1817, and with the following constituent members: Asaph Graves, Phineas Chapin, Rachel Chapin, Henry Chapin, Harriet Chapin, Hannah Williams, Jonathan Munger, and Rachel Munger. Meetings were held in private dwellings and in the school house near Palermo Center, and the early ministers were Revs. John Evans, George Hills, and Asaph Graves. In 1835 the society was legally incorporated, and in 1836 their frame edifice at Palermo Center was completed. The first deacon was Rev. Asaph Graves. The society has become extinct and the building is now used by all denominations.
Peat's Corners - The Methodist Episcopal church of Peat's Corners was organized in 1861 with Gilson Goodwin, Job Bradford, A. Scudder, S. D. Coon, and F. Richardson as trustees, and the same year a house of worship was erected. Among the early members were Nathan Miller and wife, Rev. Elijah Munger and wife, Joseph Ure and wife, L. Scudder, sr., and wife, Andrew Parsons, L. Goodwin and wife, Elon Thomas and wife, and Peter Howe and wife. The Roosevelt M. E. church was built in the southeast part of the town in 1864, at which time Lyman Treadwell, A. G. Clark, and R. T. Harris were trustees of the society, which was organized about the same year. Among the first members were A. G. Clark and wife, L. D. Harris and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman, Chauncey Hamilton and wife, Rufus Harris, and others. The Methodist Protestant church of Upson's Corners was erected in 1880. It is a frame structure and was dedicated May 18 of that year, under the pastorate of Rev. G. P. York.
Mexico —As early as 1815 a class of the M. E. church was formed at the school house in what was then district No. 1, Mexico, with Richard Ford as leader. Several other classes were afterward organized in the town, all of which have long since ceased to exist. During the winter of 1840–41 a revival occurred, which resulted in the erection of a frame church edifice in Parish the following summer at a cost of $1,800, the site being donated by John Becker. It was called Congregational, but its supporters were Presbyterians, Congregationalists, Baptists, and Lutherans, all of whom, except the Baptists, united in the Congregational discipline and selected Rev. S. W. Champlin (Lutheran) as pastor. John Wright and Nicholas Oxner were elected deacons. This form of worship continued about five years. The church, however, was occupied by the Baptists almost alone for several years, yet other denominations were free to use it. The edifice was dedicated in October, 1841, by Rev. Ralph Robinson (Congregationalist) and Rev. Mr. Van Alstyne (Lutheran). Down to 1869 it was used alternately by the various religious organizations and classes of the town ; since then it has been occupied by the Methodists. This latter society was formed as a class in 1855 with Archibald C. Garrison as leader. In 1869 the edifice was purchased by the M. E. Society, who repaired, refurnished, and rededicated it December 8 of that year, at which time Rev. A. J. Cowles was their pastor. The cost of remodeling the structure was about $1,800. It was again enlarged and repaired and rededicated on October 24, 1888, the expense being $3,200; it is now valued, including a parsonage, at about $5.800. The society has 115 members with Rev. G. W. Gardner as pastor. The first Sunday school in town was organized about 1830 and one of the earliest superintendents was John Becker, who held the position most of the time until his death in 1862. The society now maintains two Sabbath schools in Parish whose combined membership is about 275. A Freewill Baptist Society was organized with some twenty members in school district No. 2 about 1858 and another was formed with twenty three members in district No. 6 March 14, 1869. Of the latter Rev Albert P. Phinney was the first pastor and George C. Brown and Austin Smith were the first deacons. Neither society ever erected a house of worship. In the eastern part of the town two or three Methodist Protestant classes are maintained and supplied from Dugway.
Amboy - The Methodist church of Amboy was organized early in the history of the town, the date not being definitely known. It was a part of the Salmon River Conference, but in 1836 became a part of the Black River Conference. The pastor at the time of the change was Rev. W. H. Gaylord. The church has always been prosperous. The church edifice was erected prior to 1850. A Methodist society was organized at Carterville about 1870, and the edifice erected in 1871. The first trustees were N. H. Adams, Charles H. Jeliff, and Daniel T. Morton. Both Methodist churches are now served by Rev. William Ashford, and have a combined membership of about 112. The entire property, in cluding a parsonage, is valued at $2,400.
Orwell - The beginning of Methodist preaching in Orwell was at Pekin by Ira Fairbanks in 1811. A society was organized in that neighbor- hood and since that organization Pekin has remained a regular appointment. A small church was built there in 1850. Elder Fairbanks, during his year on the Mexico circuit, received only $25.00 and left the charge out of debt. The number of members then on the circuit was 258. Among the early members of the class at Pekin were Frederick Eastman, at whose house the meetings were held, and who had previously been a Presbyterian; the two Nathaniel Bennetts and their wives; Millen Aiken, John and Caroline Reynolds; Robert Wooley, Aaron West, Betsey Beadle, and a man named Herrick, and the wives and sons of most of these. After school houses were built meetings were held in them a part of the time and in dwelling houses—chiefly in Mr. Eastman's and Judge Reynolds's, which were more commodious than most others. In 1812 Isaac Teller was appointed to the Mexico circuit. In 1815 the number of members on the circuit had increased to 354. In 1823 George White was one of the circuit preachers and lived in Orwell. One of his appointments was at the “Dutch Settlement” of about ten families up the river from the present Stillwater bridge. In 1825–30 the disciplinary allowance for preachers was $100 for a young man and $200 for a married man. The Orwell class was organized in 1841 by William Tripp, who preached in a little house that had been built by the Baptists. About 1842 they joined with the Congregationalists in building a new union church, which has ever since been occupied by the two societies on alternate Sabbaths. The building cost $1,963, and was dedicated in February, 1845. The first quarterly meeting held in Pekin was in 1852, on which occasion a claim was presented by the preacher for quarterage $200, house rent $18, fuel $10, table expenses $40, traveling expenses $8, the whole being apportioned to Pineville $138, Pekin $69, and Moscow $69. The parsonage at Orwell was built in 1866. The present circuit has three charges—Orwell, Pekin, and Richland Station. Services are held on alternate Sundays at Orwell and Pekin and every Sunday at Richland. There is a Union Sunday school in which the offices are divided, the superintendent being Methodist one year and Congregationalist the next. The record of 1852 gives Samuel Salis bury as acting pastor. His successors have been: M. H. Gaylord, 1853; H. M. Church, 1854; G. W. Ellwood, 1855; P. H. Miles, 1856–7; S. B. Whitcomb, 1858–9; J. N. Brown, 1860–61; Joseph de Larme, 1862–3; J. S. George, 1864–6; S. F. Kenyon, 1867; F. Devitt, 1868–9; L. Kelsey, 1870–72; L. R. Grant, 1873-4; J. R. Crofoot, 1875–7; A. M. Fradenburgh, 1878–80; B. De Forest Snyder, 1881–3; Horace Chase, 1884; George Mattoon, October, 1885, to April, 1886; B. Day Brown, 1886–8: Truman Ward, 1889; W. J. Hancock, 1890–2; W. H. Jago, 1893-4.
Hastings Center - A Methodist class was formed at Hastings Center about 1825, and consisted of William Ford and wife, Richard Ford, Truman and Daniel Wooster, and others. About 1833 another class was organized at Mallory, to which forty or ﬁfty members were added during a revival in 1842. In 1851 a church was erected and dedicated there, the ﬁrst trustees being Titus Bowe, David Baird, and Titus Bowe, jr. A Sun day school was organized about 1841, of which Milton Flowers was long the superintendent. About 1850 the Methodists of Caughdenoy purchased the old Bap tist church, which they used until 1881, when they moved it back. lt is now occupied as a store. On the old site a new ediﬁce was erectcd in 1881-2, under the pastorate of Rev. G. G. Dains, at a cost of $2900 The class has about ﬁfty members and is under the leadership of Har vey A. Youmans. A Methodist class was formed at Central Square about 1830, and in 1846 a house of worship was built at a cost of $1,000. This society has about sixty members and is connected with the Caughdenoy charge. Rev. C. W. Brooks being the pastor. A class was organized in School District No 5 at an early date and reorganized in 1874 with ﬁfteen members The Methodist pastors have been as follows: Revs. Anson Fuller, assisted by Joseph Cross; Lewis Bell, assisted by John 'l‘hoﬂlP' son; Truman Van Tassel, assisted by Isaac Covert : Isaac Hall, C. C. Mason, Auzusllﬁﬁ C. Munson, Alonzo Chapin, Joseph Smedley, William Peck, Daniel Barnard, William Morse, Thomas D. Mitchell, Isaac Turney, Francis A. C. Farrell, Dennison D Parker, Reuben Reynolds, Horatio Arthur, Silas Bell, Nathaniel Salisbury, David Stone, Hiram Nichols, William B. Joice, Henry S, Holmes, E. Arnold, R. O. Beebe, R. Webster, W. F. Brown, Charles E. Beebe, W. S. Titus. G. G. Dains, A. E. Gorse, D E. Marvin, jr., H. M. (Thurch, A. M. Child S. M. Crofoot, R. F. Whipple, and W. Brooks.
Central Square - A Wesleyan Methodist church ﬂourished at Central Square for several years, built a house of worship, and disbanded during the war. The old ediﬁce is now private property and is used for town meetings and other like purposes.
Boylston - The First Wesleyan Methodist church of Boylston, situation near the line of Sandy Creek, was first organized about 1845, and among its early pastors were Daniel Calkins, Loomis Chase, Daniel Hollis, and James Francis. The present incumbent is Rev. Mr. Havens. In 1856 a church edifice was built and is still in use. The North Boylston circuit (Methodist Protestant) was set off from the Boylston. Orwell circuit in 1868, prior to which meetings had been held in the school house near the present church edifice, which was built in the northwest part of the town in 1859. The first pastor was Rev. Charles Wiedrich, the present one being Rev. Mr. Beebe. This same denomination holds services in the school house at Smartville. Regular services are usually maintained at each of these three places, which afford the inhabitants convenient facilities for religious worship.
Denton's Corners - The Methodist Episcopal church of Denton's Corners was formed as a class at a very early day. A site for a church edifice was purchased in 1858 and the society was incorporated as the Anti-Slavery M. E. church in 1860. The first trustees were Freeman Waugh, Alexander Flint, and David L. Brown, and among the early members were David Andrews and wife, Alexander Flint and wife, Harry Lansing and wife, Charles Conkling and wife, Father Morris and wife, David L. Brown and wife, E. L. Wallace and wife, Stephen Melvin and wife, and Henry Cole and wife. The edifice was built and dedicated in 1860, and is still in use.
Bardeen's Corners - A Methodist Protestant Church was organized with twenty members at Bardeen's Corners in I868. The ﬁrst pastor was Rev. Charles Beardsley and the ﬁrst class leader was Horace Ladd.
West Monroe - In the fall of 1890, under the pastorate of Rev. C. H. Bassett, a neat frame edifice was built by the Methodists in West Monroe village at a cost of about $2,000.
Williamstown - The Methodist society was organized about 1825, the early records not being in existence to give the exact year or the date of erection of the building. Rev. D. M. Phelps is the present pastor. The M. E. church at Ricard was built in 1894, following the organization of the society, and was dedicated on December 5 of that year. It cost about $2,000. Prior to the erection of this edifice Methodist services had been occasionally held in the school house.
Sandy Creek - A class of the M. E. church was organized in town as early as 1811, but the First Methodist Episcopal church of Sandy Creek was not legally incorporated until 1830. In 1831, under the pastorate of Rev. Elisha Wheeler, a church edifice was erected and dedicated in the village. It served its purpose for many years—nearly half a century,—when a handsome new brick structure was built at a cost of $15,000. The society also owns a parsonage valued at $1,600. They have about 250 members under the pastoral care of Rev. M. G. Seymour, and connected is a flourishing Sunday school having an average attendance of 140 scholars.
Goodenough - The Goodenough and Center Methodist Episcopal churches.—At a very early day a number of Methodists and “Reform Methodists” resided in the west part of the town. The latter at one time had a class of eighteen members there, and for nearly fifty years enjoyed the sermons of Jacob Hadley, Josiah Chapin and Ashbel Frazier, while the former were supplied by Rev. Mr. Stevens. All lived in the vicinity and preached in school houses, etc., along the lake shore. In 1859 McHendrick Paddock, a shoemaker and a member of no church, began preaching and obtained a large number of converts, whom he advised to join some society. He and most of his followers affiliated with the Methodists, and himself became a Methodist minister. This revival re- sulted in the formation of a circuit consisting of a class at the mouth of Sandy Creek, another in the Goodenough neighborhood, and a third at Port Ontario, with Rev. Mr. Paddock as the first pastor; among his successors were Revs. Frazier, Bowen, W. C. Smith, William Empey, A. S. Nickerson, Lucius Whitney, Hubbell, J. Jenkins, J. G. Benson, and others. A church edifice was erected on the county line between Sandy Creek and Ellisburg, and in 1872 another was built on the State road in the west part of this town. These two churches now constitute a charge under the name first given, have property valued at $3,000, and a combined membership of about 100, with two Sunday schools having some sixty-five scholars and teachers.
Schroppel - The Methodist Episcopal Church of Gilbert's Mills began in a class which was formed there in 1826, under the leadership of Hyman Sutton, who served in that capacity for five years. In 1831 a successful union revival occurred. Among the worshipers at that time were Hyman Sutton and wife, Asa Bailey and wife, Artemas Ross and wife, Elias Newton and wife, Patten Parker and wife, Ira Sutton and wife, and Mrs. W. B. Coy. Services were held in private dwellings and in the school house until 1837, when a church building was commenced, which was completed in 1839 and dedicated early in 1840 by Rev. Isaac Stone, presiding elder. Of the earlier ministers the names of Rev. Mr. Densmore, Elisha Wheeler, and Charles Northrup are recalled. A union Sunday school was formed about the time the church was organized and continued as such until 1861, when the different denominations began the maintenance of their own schools. The Methodist Episcopal church of Phoenix was organized at the school house in that village by Rev. L. Adkins in 1838 with the following members: I.N. Butts and wife, Liberty Worden and wife, Harvey Loomis and wife, Thomas Flower, J. R. Names and wife, and Mrs. Davis. At the same time the first Methodist sermon was preached in the place, and that year an edifice was commenced, but it was not completed and dedicated until 1856, the pastor then being Rev. W. L. Lisdell. It cost about $4,000 and was begun under the pastorate of Rev. P. H. Willis. The first trustees were William Gilbert, Thomas Flower, I. N. Butts, M. Chesebro, Dr. Cobb, and G. Morehouse. In 1885 the present brick church was erected around the frame of the old structure at a cost of about $10,000. It was built under the pastorate of Rev. Loren Eastwood, and was dedicated the fall of that year by Rev. B. I. Ives, of Auburn, assisted by the pastor in charge, Rev. Silas Ball. During the ministrations of Rev. J. B. Longstreet the society purchased the present frame parsonage. The pastor is Rev. Wesley Mason. The society has 200 members and maintains a flourishing Sunday school of which Robert Simpson, jr., is superintendent.
New Haven - The Methodist Episcopal Church of New Haven had its beginning in a class which was formed about 1833 with Reuben Halliday as leader. * Rev. Ralph Robinson preached for fifty years. He died in New Haven in May, 1863, aged eighty. Soon afterward this class disbanded, and in 1839 another was organized under the leadership of Henry K. Marvin, who officiated in that capacity many years. The first members were Nelson Davis and wife, David Field and wife, Nicholas Chesbro and wife, and Ezekiel Lewis and wife; the first board of trustees consisted of Nicholas Chesbro, David Field, Ezekiel Lewis, Alvin Buell, and Nelson Davis; and the first ministers were Revs. Charles Northrop and Joseph Craggs. Prior to 1853, the circuit being very large, two preachers visited this locality, alternately, once in four weeks each. The first church edifice was built in 1848; it was finally converted into a shop and afterward destroyed by fire. In 1876 the present building was erected under the pastorate of Rev. Charles Manson. It is of frame veneered with brick and cost $5,650, and contains a thousand pound bell, the gift of two members of the society. It was dedicated November 29, 1876, by Rev. B. I. Ives. The society has about 100 members under the pastoral care of Rev. Chamberlain Phelps.
Scriba- The Methodist Episcopal church of Scriba Corners owes its formation to William Kilburn. Rev. Burris Holmes commenced a series of revivals in 1841 which resulted in the organization by him of the present society, of which he became the first pastor. It consisted originally of seven members: William and Margaret Kilburn, Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Sewell, Mr. and Mrs. Knight, and Mrs. James Adams. The early meetings were held in the school house. The church society was legally organized January 31, 1853, with Stephen Fitch, P. H. Worden, Marcus C. Fish, Francis S. Stone, and Z. W. Hopson as trustees, and during that year their present edifice was erected. It is a wood structure with basement and gallery, and in connection the society owns a frame parsonage, the entire property being valued at about $3,000. May 31, 1854, this society became a separate charge; prior to that it belonged to a circuit. The church was built under the pastorate of Rev. M. M. Rice. His successors have been : Revs. Isaac Turner. L. L. Adkins, M. D. L. B. Wells. William Jones. C. Phillips, Addison Wheeler. J. H. Buck. H. M. Danforth, S. B. Crozier. O. H. Holton, H. W. Howland. J. G. George W. F. Purrington, Daniel Marvin. Charles E. Beebee, J. E. En sign. I. J. Nourse, C. H. Walton, T. O. Beebe, and G. M. Ward since February 1891. The Methodist Episcopal church of Lansing forms a part of the Scriba charge, and was organized as a class many years ago. No society was formed and no pastor was installed until 1873, when Samuel Du Bois, Oliver Hall, Daniel Bronson, Galen Hall, David Whitaker, Zachariah Allport, Hugh Downs, Mrs. Ann King, and others effected a legal organization. The church edifice was built during that year and dedicated December 10 by Bishop Jesse Peck, under the pastorate of Rev. E. A. Tuttle. The property is valued at about $2,000. The two societies, under one pastor, have a combined membership of 125. The present Sunday school of Scriba was organized in 1871 with Dr. A. C. Taylor as superintendent. It now has an average attendance of seventy pupils, a library of about 100 volumes, and is under the charge Mrs. Dwight Stone. The Sunday school at Lansing has fifty scholars with Nathaniel Beadle as superintendent. The Methodist Protestant Church of North Scriba (Lycoming) was organized by Rev. Mr. Fowler in 1843. It was a part of the Richland circuit and meetings were held in the school house on the town line. After a prosperous existence it was allowed to run down and finally became almost extinct. September 9, 1875, the society, which had been legally formed a short time previously, was made a separate charge under the pastoral charge of Rev. C. M. Boughton. The church edifice, a neat frame structure, was built in 1874 and dedicated January 20, 1875, by Rev. J. J. Smith. The present pastor is Rev. J. R. Hatch, who was installed in October, 1894, succeeding Rev. E. Galloway. Frank Sweet is superintendent of the Sunday school.
Sand Bank - The Methodist Protestant Church of Sand Bank was organized by Rev. George Peglar, the first pastor, in August, 1838. The first mem bers were Daniel Smith (the first class leader) and wife, Lot Ackley and wife, and David Jones and wife. In 1836, two years before the organi zation of the church, a union house of worship had been built, and this society occupied it jointly with the Congregationalists until 1870, when they became sole owners. The building cost $1,500. It was burned in the disastrous fire of 1885 and the society soon afterward disbanded.
Pulaski - In 1817 the first Sunday school was organized with Dea. Simon Meacham as superintendent, and during the next year a library was established. The Methodist Episcopal church of Pulaski had its beginning in a series of meetings of this denomination which were held in the dwelling of John Ingersoll and the tavern of Pliny Jones as early as 1811. The society was probably organized as a class, if not as a church about 1813. Besides private houses and the tavern of Mr. Jones, services were held with more or less regularity in the school house in Pulaski until the erection of the court house, when the members shared the hospitalities of that building in common with other religious organiza tions. In 1832 the church edifice was erected on Salina street on the site of the subsequent residence of Charles Hubbard. Many years after ward the present structure was built, which was remodeled and repaired at a cost of $2,600 and reopened for service December 18, 1888. Among the early preachers were Revs. Calkins, Bibbens, McNine, Fuller, Whitcomb, Chapin, G. C. Woodruff, Bowdish, Hawkins, A. J. Phelps, Orlando C. Cole, William Jones, S. B. Crosier, and others. The present pastor is Rev. Anson D. Webster, who is also the conference treasurer. The society has about 230 members. The church property, including the parsonage, is valued at $9,200. The church is in the Oswego district of the Northern New York Conference. The Sunday school has an average attendance of 120 scholars. 710 St. John the Evangelist's Roman Catholic church of Pulaski was built in 1888, the corner stone being laid on August 28, of that year. It stands on the corner of Park and Niagara streets, cost about $2,500, and was consecrated January 16, 1889. The first pastor was Rev. Father Barrily. The Baptist church of South Richland was organized at the house of Col. Robert Gillespie on the 7th of October, 1817, and four days after ward Rev. Enos Ferris was installed the first pastor. He served many years and during the earlier existence of the society meetings were held in private dwellings or barns. In 1840 the church edifice was com pleted, the first service therein being held on April 11 of that year. The society now has about thirty-five resident members, under the pastoral care of Rev. Jabez Ford, supply. The last regular pastor was Rev. G. W. Lewis, who closed his labor there March 1, 1894. The value of the property is $2,800. The superintendent of the Sunday school is B. D. Burdick. The Methodist Episcopal church of South Richland was organized by Revs. G. C. Woodruff and Gardner Baker in June, 1840, with the fol lowing constituent members: Solomon and Betsey Erskine, Phoebe Erskine, Betsey Dickinson, Rhoda Stewart, Sebern Dickinson and wife, George H. English and wife, Timothy Steele and wife, Levi Cary and wife, and Jonathan Sherwood and wife. For eighteen years services were held in the school house, the charge being at first a part of the Pulaski circuit, subsequently (1844) a part of the Mexico circuit, and finally (1851) a separate station. In 1858 the present edifice was built and dedicated, the meeting on the latter occasion being conducted by Rev. George Sawyer, presiding elder, and Rev. J. H. Burnett, the pas tor in charge. The structure cost $800. The society is now under the pastoral care of Rev. H. R. Northrup. The Methodists at Daysville and vicinity maintain services in a Union church at that place, which was erected many years ago, at an expense of $400. The congrega tion is connected with the South Richland charge. The two societies have a membership of about 17o The entire church property, includ ing a parsonage, is valued at $3, IOO. The First Methodist Episcopal church of Richland station was organ ized as a society at the school house in that village on November 15, 1886, with about twenty members, by Rev. B. Day Brown, the first pastor. It was incorporated and in 1887 the present frame edifice was erected, the dedication of which took place April 24, 1888; it cost about $1,500. The first board of trustees consisted of H. H. Richardson, James Beeman, and E. D. Wells. The present trustees are E. D. Wells, James C. Knight, and A. D. Bonner. The pastors have been Revs. B. Day Brown, Truman Weed, W. J. Hancock, and W. H. Jago, the pres ent incumbent. This church is connected with the Orwell charge. The Church of Christ (Disciples) of Richland Station had its begin ning in the labors of Elder John Encell, who came there May 1, 1874, and held a series of meetings in the vacant store of H. H. Mellen A society was organized June 16, 1874, with about thirty-six members, and on August 1 their present edifice was commenced; it was dedicated June 16, 1878, and is valued with lot at $1,200. The first pastor was Rev. W. T. Newcomb, who was succeeded by Rev. C. E. Wells. The present incumbent is Rev. Gilbert L. Harney. This was the first church at Richland Station and has always maintained a steady growth. At Port Ontario religious services were held at an early day and have been maintained with considerable regularity down to the present time. An outgrowth of the work was the erection of Bethel church, which was dedicated January 9, 1850. Baptist services are conducted here by Rev. D. J. Baily, pastor of the Baptist church of Pulaski.
Vermilion - The Methodist Episcopal church of Vermilion was organized about 1840, and among the first members were Rev. Asel Harrington, Benjamin Spencer, D. C. Coe, Burt and James Harrington, Ezekiel Lewis, and Martin Campbell. A house of worship was erected a few years later. The church is supplied by Rev. S. D. Robinson.
The First Presbyterian church of Central Square was organized May 20, I828, by Revs. Oliver Ayer, Oliver Leavitt, and others, with twelve members, viz.: Daniel Webster, Julia Ann Webster, Jotham Goodspeed and Rebecca, his wife, David Lockwood, Rollin Blunt, Lucy Allen, Christopher Hyde and wife, Florn Durfee, and Nabby Porter. Messrs. Webster and Goodspeed were selected as ruling elders, and Mr. Goodspeed as deacon. On October I0, I835, William Jay deeded to Daniel Wadsworth, Caleb Case, and J. J. Coit, as trustees of the First Presbyterian Church and Society of Hastings, ﬁfty-seven acres of subdivision 7, lot 5, for the promoting of gospel worship. The membership of the church decreased and on June I4, I856, their last regular meeting was held. J. J. Coit, as the sole remaining trustee, cared for the property and divided the revenue among the various denominations represented in town until I874, when he sold it and invested the proceeds in U. S. bonds, which he transferred to the trustees of the Presbytery of Syracuse, by whom they are now held.
A Presbyterian church was organized at Hastings a few years ago and the corner stone of a house of worship was laid on September 30, I888. The structure was completed and dedicated January 3|, I889. The structure was completed and dedicated January 3|, I889. Aaron Benson and Dr. R. J. Dimon are the ruling elders, Dr. Dimon being also church clerk.
West Monre —The first church in town was built by the Presbyterians at Whig Hill in 1849, largely through the efforts of Rev. W. Leonard, who dedicated the edifice August 22, 1849, and supplied the pulpit for several years. He died in 1886, being at that time the oldest Mason in Oswego county. This church is now connected with that at Constantia.
Williamstown - —The Presbyterian church of Williamstown was organized soon after the war of 1812–15 and probably in 1817. In this year the trustees were Samuel Torbert, AEdamus Comstock, and Daniel Stacy. The ground on which the church stands was given to the society in 1817 by Matthew Brown. The building was considerably improved in 1850 and also in the summer of 1866. Rev. John Burkhart is pastor.
Hastings - A French Catholic church was instituted at Little France a few years since, and a church edifice erected, to accommodate the French Catholics of that community.
Williamstown - A Catholic church is now under the pastoral care of the priest, Rev. Joseph F. Tiernan, who is stationed at Camden, Oneida county. They have a neat church edifice, which was built in 1884, and dedicated by Rev. Father Beecham, the first pastor.
Redfield—The oldest church in Redfield was organized in 1802 with nineteen members of the Congregational faith. Rev. Joshua Johnson was the first pastor and probably served the church twelve or fifteen years; he also taught the early schools. Rev. William Stone was his successor. For nearly thirty years the services were held in the school house and about 1829 a small church was built at the Square. This is all that is known of the early history of the society, as the records are lost. The Presbyterian form was sub -sequently adopted and the society has continued under that faith to the present time. Rev. G. W. Bergen is the pastor.
New Haven - The Congregational Church of New Haven was organized as a society on June 30, 1817, and as a church on July 30 following, by Revs. John Dunlap and David R. Dixon, with thirteen members, viz.: Dr. Stephen H. Kinne, Daniel and Esther Hitchcock, Ori and Wealthy Rowe, Nor man and Mary Rowe, Atwood and Hannah Aikens, Polly Harman, Rebecca Hitchcock, Esther Delano, and Seth S. Sweetland, of whom Norman Rowe was the last survivor. Daniel Hitchcock, Seth S. Sweet land, Seth Severance, William Taylor, Norman Rowe, and Roswell Harman were the first trustees elected, and Rev. William Williams, who began his labors here in 1820, was the first settled pastor. Among his successors were Revs. Ralph Robinson, Oliver Ayer, Ichabod A. Hart, Isaac Headly, Samuel Swezey, John Reid, Thomas Bayne, Lewis Jessup, and others. Their church edifice, a frame structure, was built in 1824; it has received repairs at different times and is still in use. The present pastor is Rev. Samuel Johnson. The Baptist Church of New Haven was organized about 1820, but never became strong in members. In 1825 a brick edifice was erected. The society enjoyed only occasional preaching and finally discontinued their services altogether and disbanded. The church was eventually sold and taken down. One of the leading members of this society was Capt. Cyrus Severance, who stood by it until his death,
Williamstown - The religious inclinations of the pioneers led them early to form a church and in 1805 the Congregational society was organized by Rev. William Stone, father of William L. Stone, the well known historical writer. Services were held for a time in Dr. Torbert's barn, and he afterward gave the society the use of a building that stood near the present cemetery entrance. The church was not built until several years later. This is now occupied, in a remodeled form, by the Presbyterian society.
Sandy Creek - The First Congregational church of Sandy Creek was the first regular religious society formed in town and dates its organization from July 23, 1817. It was constituted as a Presbyterian church by a council of three ministers with the following members: Thomas and Mary Baker, George Harding, Vada and Phoebe Rogers, Allen McLean, Polly Baker, and Nathaniel and Sally Baker. The ruling elders were George Harding and Thomas Baker, and during the first five years Rev. John Dunlap, Oliver Leavitt, Jonas Coburn, and others supplied the pulpit. Sixteen additional members were received. The first settled pastor, Rev. Oliver Ayer, was installed in March, 1822, and in that year the society was organized for secular purposes, the first trustees being Solomon Harding, Simeon Duncan, Nathaniel Wilder, and Smith Dun lap. Rev. Caleb Burge succeeded Rev. Mr. Ayer as pastor and in 1831 conducted a powerful revival in David Bennett's barn, in a barn in the village, and in the school house, making between thirty and forty converts. In 1832 an edifice was erected in Sandy Creek, and subsequently down to 1844 Revs. Samuel Leonard, Charles B. Pond, and William B. Stow officiated as pastors. In December, 1842, during the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Stow, the church adopted the Congregational form of government, but still remained in the Presbytery on the “accommodation plan.” Other pastors were Revs. Frederick Graves, H. H. Waite, R. A. Wheelock, and Richard Osburn, under whom eighty-five new mem bers were added and the edifice was rebuilt. Subsequent pastors were Revs. J. R. Bradnach, N. B. Knapp, H. H. Waite again, J. N. Hicks, J. H. Munsell, and others. Under the latter the church and society were placed in full connection with the Congregationalists and the edi fice was rebuilt and rededicated. The present pastor is Rev. T. T. Davis, and the superintendent of the Sunday school is Amos E. Wood.
Palermo Center - As early as 1819 a branch of the First Congregational Church of Volney was established at Jennings Corners (Palermo Center), and August 3, 1823, Seymour Coe and Stephen Blake were chosen ruling elders. The first members were Stephen and Charity Blake, Miles and Triphosa Dunbar, Seymour and Phoebe Coe, Zenas and Lydia Dunbar, Silas Bellows, Hannah Gaines, Obadiah Albee, Mary Coe, Laura Blake, and Hannah Jennings. Oliver Leavitt was the first pastor and Seymour Coe and Miles Blake were the first ruling elders. Upon the organization of the Congregational Union church at Denton's Corners this church voted to disband and unite with that society. Among the early pastors at the latter place, where a frame church edifice was built in 1838, were Revs. A. C. Lord, Norris Day, David Davis, George Blossom, Olney Place, and others. The church building has been closed several years and is now used as a storehouse.
Schroeppel - The First Congregational Society of Phoenix was organized and incorporated in April 1837, and on June 14 of that year the church was legally formed and constituted by Rev. John Eastman at the house of Hezekiah Barnes, with twenty members, viz.: Hezekiah and Caroline Barnes, Catherine and Elizabeth Barnes, Delia Budd, Anna Burke, Mrs. Hulda Candee, Julia Candee (Mrs. Charles Sweet), Simeon Chapin, Mrs. Charity Davis, Ira and Deborah Davis, Mary Anna Hill, Dea. Samuel and Martha Merry, John and Bertha Squire, Theodosia Wall, and Isaac and Teressa Wing. A frame edifice was built and dedicated the same year on the site of the present parsonage. Rev. Mr. Dada, of Volney, occasionally preached to the society until November 3, 1841, when Rev. Mr. Lathrop became stated supply. January 26, 1842, a connection was effected with the Presbytery of Oswego under the “plan of union,” but the church remained Congregational in government. Rev. G. N. Todd became acting pastor February 3, 1843, and served until June 7, 1846. About 1845 a Sunday school was organized, and from November 26, 1846, to August 19, 1848, Rev. Mr. Dada, “of Granby,” officiated at communion seasons. February 23, 1849, Rev. H. S. Redfield was installed the first pastor, serving as such until January 27, 1853. His successors have been Revs. Stephen Vorhes, May 15, 1853, to May 2, 1857; J. V. Hilton, August 14, 1860, to May 9, 1865; Ovid Minor, A. S. Bosworth, E. Perkins, and J. H. Munsell, supplies, 1866 to 1875; J. H. Munsell, March 16, 1875, to February 21, 1876; H. P. Blake, July 16, 1876, to July, 1878; James Deane, acting, November 18, 1878, to February 18, 1881; T. H. Griffith, March 21, 1881, to March 28, 1883; H. L. Hoyt, July 31, 1883, to August 1, 1885; G. F. Montgomery, September 1, 1885, to 1887; Mr. Butler, 1887 to 1890; and H. L. Hoyt, incumbent, since spring of 1890. January 3, 1863, they dissolved connection with the Presbytery of Oswego and on September 18 united with the Oswego Congregational Association. In 1876 the present brick edifice was erected at an ex pense of $13,000, and on January 31, 1877, it was dedicated by Rev. Mr. Robinson. The old structure was removed and is now a cabinet storehouse in the rear of Baker & Ott's furniture store, and on the site a frame parsonage was built in 1885 at a cost of $3,500. The society has about 195 members and a Sunday school with an average attend ance of 150 scholars under the superintendency of Dea. C. E. Candee, The deacons are C. W. and C. E. Candee, Van R. Sweet, C. E. Hutch inson, and Edward Hastings; trustees, C. E. Candee, C. E. Hutchin son, J. I. Van Doren, Newton Hughes, F. W. Alvord, and F. A. Carter.
Sand Bank -The First Congregational church of Sand Bank was organized Janu ary 27, 1829, as the First Presbyterian church of Albion, by Revs. Oliver Ayer and George Freeman, the constituent members being Samuel Leavitt, Rupert and Nahum Gurley, Nellie Gurley, Jesse Wil son, Agnes (Mrs. Peter) Henderson, and Joseph and Eleanor Tucker. The ruling elders were Nahum Gurley and Samuel Leavitt, and the deacon was Mr. Gurley. Mrs. Samuel Leavitt was the first person ad mitted to membership and Mary Ann Snow, Jane Dunlap Henderson, and Clarissa Abbott were the first persons baptized. The first celebration of the Lord's Supper occurred February 8, 1829, and on January 26, 1830, the church was formally taken under the care of the Oneida Presbytery. Rev. Ralph Robinson, then pastor of the Congregational church in Pulaski, performed the first missionary work for the society in 1831, and the earlier meetings were held in the school house in Sand Bank. On January 8, 1834, the Sand Bank Union Society was organized and soon afterward a church edifice was erected. Failing to conform to the statute the society met on February 26, 1838, and effected a reorganization under the same name with Aaron Fuller, Thomas Henderson, Samuel A. Comstock, Morgan L. Rich, George W. Stilwell, and Isaac Jaquith, trustees. In 1840 the house of worship was completed, and was occupied jointly by the Presbyterians and Methodists until 1870, when it passed into the possession of the latter society. The First Congregational church of Sand Bank was organized by Rev. Thomas Salmon on November 27, 1852, with these members: Samuel Leavitt, Joseph and Eleanor Tucker, Alexander and Sophronia Henderson", Aaron and Sarah F. Fuller, Charles H. and Margaret Mitchell, Mary Ann Leavitt, Jane D. Henderson, Polly Pierce, Burbara A. Edgar, Mary Decker, Clarissa Barnes, Susan nah Loomis, Jane Edgar and Agnes Henderson. The above were members of the former Presbyterian society, and the following united with the church under the new organization: Zenas T. W. and Harriet T. Mitchell, P. D. Mitchell, Harriet Leavitt, George W. Lamb, Israel D. Pierce, Albert B. Shepherd, and Ira C. Safford. Israel D. Pierce was the first person to receive baptism in the new society, which was incorporated April 25, 1853, with Charles H. Mitchell, Thomas and Alexander Henderson, Sanmuel A. Comstock, and James J. Fonda, trustees. The new church was commenced September 19, 1870, and completed and dedicated by John C. Holbrook, D.D., and Rev. J. H. Munsell, June 2, 1876. It could seat 300 persons and cost $6,000. In 1886 it was remodeled and repaired at an expense of $2,000, and rededicated on September 9 of that year. The present pastor is Rev. C. W. Fifield.
Seventh Day Adventists
Williamstown - The Seventh Day Adventists have a society here and hold services about every two weeks in private houses.
Schroeppel - A church of the Adventists at one time had a small membership in town, but never acquired much strength.
Sandy Creek - A Society of Christian Workers was organized in the village of Lacona in September, 1885, to foster and sustain religious worship. This movement resulted in the formation of the parish of Emanuel church (Protestant Episcopal) in 1892, at which time Rev. Daniel Daly was ministering to the spiritual wants of the community. A neat frame edifice was built at a cost of $2,000 and opened for services in June of that year. The building committee consisted of Gilbert N. and A. N. Harding, William J. Stevens, George W. Robinson and E. P. Potter, and the first rector was Rev. Mr. Daly, who still officiates in that capacity.
Schroeppel - The First Universalist Society of Schroeppel, at Pennellville, was organized in 1870, and in July, 1871, a Sunday school was started under the superintendency of Rev. S. Rice. An edifice was commenced soon after the formation of the church and completed and dedicated by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Rice, in June, 1871, at a cost of $3,500.
The first religious organization effected in Orwell was by the Presbyterians in 1809, but no regular supply of ministers was had until December, 1845, after which Revs. Wilson, Wheelock, and Webb officiated at various times. This society eventually grew weak in numbers and finally disbanded. They commenced the erection of the present church edifice in Orwell village in 1842. On March 13, 1858, the remaining members of this band of worshipers, and others, under the pastorate of Rev. John Shepherd, organized the Congregational church of Orwell. The constituent members were Francis and B. Maria Beadle, Orpha Burkitt, Malinda Groat, David and Laura Hollis, Jane Potter, Elon and Abigail Stowell, Selinda and Temperance A. Stowell, and Cornelius and Ruth Acker. The deacons were Elon Stowell and David Hollis. In 1882 the edifice was remodeled and enlarged. The pastors succeeding Rev Mr. Shepherd have been Revs. Cutter, Bates, Decker, Crosby, Frank N. Greeley, Wheelock, Doug lass, Griffith, Branch, Raven, and Davies. - Methodist Episcopal Churches.—It is said that Bishop Asbury, on his way from Canada early in the century, came through Saekett's Har bor and followed the old military road through Redfield and thence continued down the Salmon River to Pekin, Williamstown, Camden and Rome.
Amboy - Immanuel Mission (Episcopal) of Sand Bank owes its foundation to the persistent efforts of Mary E. Henderson. Services of this faith were first held in the village in the summer of 1876 by J. P. Foster, of Pulaski, and afterward by Rev. Mr. Paul, until the fall of 1879, when an organization was effected by Rev. W. E. Hooker. The first members were Mrs. Acker, Mrs. James Coulter, Mrs. Unnderdown, Mrs. Cutter, Mrs. Clauson, Mrs. Birbage, Mrs. Little, Mrs. Henderson, and Mary E. Henderson. There are now about twenty-five communicants. The first rector was Rev. B. E. Whipple, who was appointed in 1881. He had several successors, among them Rev. Charles Donohue, who remained five years. Services were first held in Fuller's Hall until 1886, when it was burned, and they were transferred to the school house until the present neat frame edifice was completed in 1887. It was consecrated in June, 1888. Catholic services are maintained at intervals, the place of meeting being the public hall in Sand Bank village. The Pineville (Salmon River) Methodist Episcopal Church was erected about 1868. It is a frame structure and will seat about 300 persons. In the spring of 1892 an M. E. class was organized in Sand Bank and began holding services in the Grand Army hall, Rev. F. S. Clark being the pastor. His successors were Rev. Hancock Otwell, L. F. Joy, and (since April, 1894) Janeway Gordon. In 1894 a substan tial frame church was built. It is 32 by 50 feet, with a chapel 19 by 30, and will seat 350 persons.
Schroeppel - Emanuel church (Protestant Episcopal), of Phoenix, was organized April 11, 1871, by the election of Bonville Fuller and E. C. Fitzgerald as wardens and Ira Betts, Francis David, William H. Rice, and B F. Denton as vestrymen. Services were held in the Y. M. C. A. rooms by Rev. Almon Gregory, the first missionary in charge, but after a brief existence the parish ceased its work and disbanded.
Extracted from Landmarks of Oswego County, New York, edited by John C. Churchill., LL.D. D. Mason & Company, Publishers, Syracuse, N.Y. 1895
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