Steuben County
New York



     WANTED at Bath, in the county of Steuben, (late part of the county of Ontario) a quantity of BRICK for public buildings, not less than five hundred thousand. Proposals taken in at the Land Office of Messrs. Nicholas Low, Bard, & Co., No. 155, Pearl-street, at Mr. Jacob Hallet, No. 77, Water street, corner of the Old slip, or, Dudley Walsh, Esq. Albany.          March 6
The Herald (New York, NY) Wednesday, May 4, 1796; page 4.
     A letter received from Bath in Steuben county, dated November 25th, says, this day fortnight it was so very dark that we were obliged to light a candle to dine by, at about half past one, P. M. - During the afternoon the darkness continued, and having occasion to write, I found the aid of a candle indispensably necessary.
     In May, 1780, a phenomenon similar to the above, extended over a great part of the continent and dinner was served by candle light in many places. A vessel at sea was involved in it, and instantaneously passed into clear light. This latter temporary suspension of light was thus accounted for: p In the back countries, particularly in the western parts of Newhampshire and Massachusetts, and in Vermont, in clearing the new lands, uncommonly large fires have been kept up to the extent of many score miles round the frontiers. The weather being clear, the air weighty, and wind small and variably for several days, the smoak, instead of dispersing, rose and constantly collected in the air, till the atmosphere was loaded with such an uncommon quantity of it, as proved, in combination with other vapours, the parent of the preceding darkness.+
     +See Memoirs of the American Academy of Art and Sciences, vol. I p. 254. Boston printed, 1785
Philadelphia Gazette (Philadelphia, PA) December 29, 1796; page 3.


     A Weekly Newspaper has lately been published at Bath Steuben county, State of New-York, Edited by Messrs. W. Kelsey and J. Edie, entitled "The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser."
Claypoole's American Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) February 2, 1797.
Hat Manufactory.
THE Subscriber takes this method to inform his friends and the public, that he still continues the manufactory in all its various branches, at his shop, in Morris-Street, in the town of Bath, he is thankful for past favors, and hopes to merit a continuance of them, both by attention and assiduity to please. - He has now on hands a general assortment of hats, which he will dispose of cheap, for cash or approved notes at a short date. A generous price will be given for all kind of Furs - Hats neatly cocked and dressed.
Bath, April 23.
N.B. Those indebted to him, are requested to make immediate payment.

HAS been advertised to stand to cover Mares, at the stable of Widow Miller in Williamsburg, and at the stable of the Subscriber in Bath, alternately, a fortnight at each place - the season to commence first of April, &c. Cincinatus previous to the commencement of the season, has been attacked with a disorder called the Strangler, which has reduced him so low as to defeat the intention of the Subscriber in presenting to the Farmers of this new country so elegant and useful a breed of horses. In order, however, to relieve them, Finally he has purchased the beautiful horse called the Black-Snake, equal in figure and movement to any thing on the continent, who will land at the same places during the season. The terms will be made known, and pedigree produced by the Groom, at either-places.
Bath, May 3.

Isaac & Robert Wilkins,
HAVE commenced business, in the house lately occupied by Samuel Miller, lower end of Morris-Street, where Gentlemen and Ladies may be served on short notice, in the newest fashion. They hone by strict attention to business, and a determination to execute their work well, they will merit the attention of the public.
Bath, May 11.

Lands & Mill For Sale.
TO be sold, the Saw-Mill and Farm adjoining, situate in the County of Steuben, on Mud-Creek, now in possession of Thomas Corbet, six miles from Bath and twelve from the Painted-Post. The Saw-Mill is built on Mud-Creek, about one mile from where it empties into the Conhocton River, down which can at any time be rafted, yellow, white, and pitch Pine timber, exclusive of what is about the Mill - She is in good repair and plenty of business. The Farm contains 350 acres, four of which is under grass well fenced, a good dwelling-house at the Mill and other improvements can be conveniently made. For Terms apply to Charles Williamson, Esq. at his Land-Office in Bath.
May 25.

TWO Saw-mills, and one Grist-mill, on the Conhocton Creek, adjoining the Town of Bath.-The rent to be paid quarterly in lumber and toll grain. Proposals will be received at the Land-Office in Bath any time previous to the fifteenth of July - but not after.
Bath, May 25.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, June 1, 1797; pg. 1.

Bath Races.
WILL be run for over the course at Bath, on Tuesday the twenty-sixth day of September next, A Purse of one hundred and twenty-five Dollars,
Free for any Horse, Mare or Gelding, three mile heats - aged Horses, carrying nine Stone, and a deduction of seven pounds per year for younger Horses. A Purse of seventy-five Dollars. And on Thursday a Sweepstake Of the Entrance Money, Free as above the winning horses the preceding days excepted, Entrance five Dollars.
Three Horses to start or no race. Judges will be appointed, to start the Horses and determine all disputes.
RIDERS, jockeying or or entering into Combinations to PUSH OR CROWD, any one horse contrary to the rules of RACING, to be declared distanced. The Horses to be shown the day previous to the RACE, with a sufficient certificate of their age if required.
Bath, July 6th.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, July 6, 1797; pg. 3.
As the Subscriber Kept a House of Entertainment during the week of the Races, and being pressed by a number of his friends to continue, he now in this manner informs the Public, that A House of Entertainment, Hereafter, will be kept, at his new dwelling house, in Liberty-Street, at the Sign of THE BATH VOLUNTEER. EVERY attention will be given to accomodate Travellers and inhabitants of the Town - but prudence must be prefered, as no kind of species of Gambling will be allowed - no liquor will be retailed on the Sabbath day in said house, except in case of neccessity and lest any should be disappointed they may rest assured, that without money nothing can be got. Hoping that nothing contrary to the above will be imposed, they may call and be gratefully treated by their Humble Servant
Bath, October 11.

Received a quantity of Salt, to be sold on commission, at the lowest price, Cash in hand. By JOHN COUDREY.
Bath, Octr. 11.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, October 12, 1797; pg. 2.
BATH, (Steuben County) August 31.
     On Saturday the 26th instant, an inspection took place in this town, and the following companies assembled on Morris's square, viz.
     Lieut. Commandant, George M'Clure's company of Light Infantry, consisting of between forty and fifty volunteers, completely armed and in elegant uniform. - The Militia company, under the command of Capt. Jones, consisting of about fifty men, the greater part young men and all well armed with muskets and rifles - paraded with the Cavalry on the right and left wings, commanded by George D. Cooper, Lieut. Comdt. which made a most brilliant and beautiful appearance, accompanied by the field and staff officers. After a number of evolutions by the Light Infantry, they were dismissed.
     The behavior, sobriety, love and unanimity that prevailed during the whole of the day, reflects honor on the inhabitants of the town of Bath and its vicinity.
     It is with pleasure we can give this to the public as a certainty; indeed the rapidity of settling the county of Steuben is truyl astonishing - and it is also a singular and very happy circumstance that our new county is peopled with such respectable and spirited citizens; though we may be said to be in an infant state, our organization is equal to any in the Union.
Albany Gazette (Albany, NY) October 6, 1797; page 3.


Company Orders.
THE Light Infantry Company of the Town of BATH, are requested to be on parade the 22nd February next, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, at the usual place of parading, to celebrate the birth day of GEORGE WASHINGTON, Esq. late President of the United States, with arms and uniform complete.
Bath, Jan. 24.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, February 15, 1798; pg. 1.

Ten Dollars Reward.
Absconded from his masters service, on the 29th of January, an apprentice boy named JEDUTHAN ROWLEY, near seventeen years of age, he took with him, besides his wearing apparel, the following articles, viz. nine pieces gabloon, one furr hat, one ax, one case of raisins, one shawl, a number of furrskins, several shirts, and some soal  leather. - Whoever will return him to the subscriber, so that the above articles may be obtained, shall receive the above reward, or five dollars for the lad.
Bath, Feb. 10
N.B. He is supposed to have stolen sundry articles not yet missed.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, February 15, 1798; pg. 2.
Fresh Drugs & Medicines.
THE subscriber, has just received a general assortment, which he will sell low.
Bath, March 7.

ALL Persons are cautioned against purchasing the House and Lot, in the Town of BATH, advertised for sale by Robert Dunn, as the Deed for the same was fraudulently obtained.
Bath, March 7.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, March 15, 1798; pg. 1.
In your last paper. I cautioned the public against purchasing a house and lot advertised by ROBERT DUNN; and as the business is settled between us, I do hereby countermand the same. Now, therefore, I notify the public, as the title is fully vested in me, I hold said property for sale or rent.
Bath, March 14.

ALL person are hereby cautioned against receiving a promissory note, executed by the subscriber, made payable to Simon Rumsey, and due the first instant, for the sum of thirty-six dollars, as the payment will be contested.
Bath, March 14.

Daniel Lewis,
ADOPTS this method to acquaint the inhabitants of the Town of BATH, its vicinity and the public in general, that he has established his business near the PRINTING-OFFICE:
Where gentlemen who will favor him with their custom, may depend on having their command, puctually attended to and faithfully executed. It is presumed the people in general will not hesitate to encourage one whose attention to business, and endeavors to please, constitute the principal object of his pursuit.
N.B. All kinds of country produce will be received in payment.
Bath, March 14.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, March 15, 1798; pg. 3.
Five Dollars Reward.
WHEREAS I lately arrested a certain Calvin Newton, by virtue of Process from the Court of Common Pleas, of the County of Steuben, at the suit of John Stearns, who escaped my custody without giving bail, the above reward will be paid to any person who shall deliver the said Calvin Newton to me.
WM. DUNN, Sheriff.
Bath, March 16.
The Bath Gazette, and Genesee Advertiser (Bath, NY) Thursday, April 5, 1798; pg. 1.


Extract of a letter from a gentleman of Bath, in Steuben county, State of N. York, to his friend in Wilkesbarre.
Dear Sir,
     Our farmers have been so successful in raising wheat that great quantities are already to spare for the markets on the coast. - Albany and New York are the objects of the farmers and merchants in the country about Geneva and Canandaigua - but those on the southern side of Ontario and Steuben counties, look to the southward for their market. Those who sent their wheat and flour last spring to Wright's ferry and Baltimore, neated at least 12 shillings Pennsylvania currency per bushel for their wheat, after paying all costs of transport; and it appears to me likely that in all cases where the settler has his wheat and flour ready at the time of the highest waters in the spring, he will be tempted to take the chance of running down to Baltimore; but, on the other hand, there must be many who do not wish to run a risk on the water, nor like to go so far from home, and from various causes may not have their flour or wheat ready in time to push thro' to Baltimore or even Wright's ferry, and would prefer taking a shorter corse to Philadelphia; the route that leaves the Susquehannah soonest, would, doubtless, in many instances, have the preference.
     Nature has pointed out Wilkesbbarre at this spot. Whether the navigation is used from the towns of Easton on the Delaware, or from the Lehigh, is of little consequence, if the intermediate road was so improved, that the carriage of a barrel of flour would not cost more than three-fourths of a dollar from the Susquehanna to the navigation of the Delaware. This would bring the carriage of a barrel of flour from this place to Philadelphia, much within two dollars.
     Those who chuse and can avail themselves of the high water, and run for Wrights ferry or Baltimore, will not pay near this sum; but in this route there is a risk which I do not apprehend there is in the other; at least from this to Wilkesbarre there is none. I believe, if it was possible to impress on the minds of the mercantile interest of Philadelphia, the importance of a communication to this country, they would make some exertion to open it on such terms as would enable us to meet them. To our merchants the route by Easton and Wilkesbarre, offers a very decided advantage; if the carriage from Wilkesbarre to Easton was reduced nearly as low as the carriage from Wrights ferry to Philadelphia, a bale of goods could be brought from Philadelphia to Bath, and of corse to any part of this country, at one half the expence it now costs from N. York or Baltimore. It is well known that a boat will go with ease in three days from the heart of this country to Wilkesbarre, and could return in a week or then days at farthest, with any load and with equal ease - thus a boat with ten tons, and navigated with five hands would take thirteen days to the trip, and cost for their wages (at the utmost) 65 dollars and if with a load returning as well as going the expense would not exceed 18 cents per cwt, or if only loaded going down about 3 shillings on the barrel of flour. The navigation to Wilkesbarre will probably serve from March to July, and, in most years, from the beginning of October to Christmas. If however, the expense of a barrel of flour, from the centre of the Genessee country to Philadelphia, can be reduced to a certainty not to exceed two dollars, I do not fear to say, that, taking the year round, it will have a decided preference by that route. Do you think your legislature would pass a bill for the improvement of the road from Wilkesbarre to Easton, to contemplate the expending in the first instance about 700 or 1000 dollars per mile, and to exact a small toll - the stockholders to draw an interest not exceeding 10 per cent, and the residue of the income to be expended on the improvement of the road? I have no doubt if such a bill was passed, and about one third of the stock could be subscribed in money, that companies from New England would come forward and undertake the making of the road; they receiving one third of the pay in cash and the rest in stock. A bill for a similar improvement in this stae was passed into a law last winter; this was to make a turnpike road from Utica, on the Mohawk river, to Geneva, in the county of Ontario. The last summer thirty miles of the road was nearly completed, and it is supposed the whole distance of one hundred miles will be acomplished in the course of this year. This shows how much it is in the power of a community to effect, if they are spirited and unanimous. Should you think this an object that may obtain the attention of respectable men in your part of the state, pray favor me with your opinion thereon, having no doubt but subscriptions might be got in this state to a considerable amount to forward such an undertaking. I shall soon leave this for Albany. The gentlemen about Easton are certainly much interested.
I am, dear Sir, &c. &c.
Bath, 9th Jan. 1801
The Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) Thursday, January 29, 1801; page 3.



is hereby given, agreeably to an act of the Legislature of the State of New-York, for establishing a Turn Pike from Canandaigua, in the county of Ontario, to Bath, in the county of Steuben, passed at their last session; That Books are opened to receive subscriptions for shares in the said Turn-Pike, by JOHN SWIFT, of Palmyra, MOSES ATWATER, and ABNER BARLOW, of Canandaigua; WILLIAM KERSEY, and HENRY A. TOWNSEND, of Bath; who are, by the said act, appointed Commissioners.
June 27, 1803.
Western Repository (Canandaigua, NY) February 13, 1804. page 4, col. 4.

, No. 56 Wall-street.-
     For sale, 23,000 acres of land, at Bath, Steuben county, which will be sold at a low valuation, and cash will be advanced to the amount of half the sale; payment for the whole will be taken in Dry Goods or Groceries, and an indisputable deed given.
Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) August 11, 1804; page 4.

     Susquehannah and Bath Turnpike - - Our readers will recollect, that in July last, we inserted a communication relative to the progress made in out Turnpike road, in which it was stated to be the unanimous wish of our western brethren to continue the road, by the heads of the Cayuga and Seneca Lakes, to Bath. We are happy to find, by thenotification in this day's paper, that the anticipations of our correspondent are likely so soon to be realized. The public spirit which has been manifested in the counties through which the road is to pass, and the readiness which is displayed by the principal inhabitants, to embark their property in the undertaking, is the surest pledge that the turnpike will be completed with all possible dispatch.
     This turnpike is to extend from Jericho, where the Ulster and Delaware tunpike terminates, through the counties of Chenango and Tioga, to the village of Bath, int eh county of Steuben, making a distance of about 90 miles. The road will pass through some of the best lands our western country affords, where the population is already numerous. The two turnpikes will reach a distance of about 200 miles, and will probably afford, when completed, the most direct route from Connecticut to Lake Erie.
     When we reflect on the important advantages which are likely to result to our village, from the completion of these great objects of internal iprovement, we cannot withhold the meed of praise which is so justly due to the enterprising gentlemen who first planned, and are now carrying into effect, these vast undertakings. They have had to combat the artifices of the designing, and the prejudices of the credulous; but still their works prosper. May their exertions for the public good continue to be crowned with merited success.
Plebeian (Kingston, NY) Monday, November 12, 1804; page 3.


At a general meeting of a respectable number of democratic republicans, from the different towns in the county of Steuben, at the house of James Turner, Innkeeper in Bath, on the 14th day of March, 1807, on the subject of the ensuing election.
Resolved, unanimously, That this meeting concur in the nomination of DANIEL D. TOMPKINS, as a candidate for Governor, and JOHN BROOME, as a candidate for Lieutenant-Governor, to be supported at the ensuing election.
     Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed to promote the above nomination, and that the following gentlemen compose said committee: Amariah Hammond, Dansville; Daniel Cruger, Bath; Daniel Upson, Canisteo; Abel White, Middletown; Harry Smith, Reading; James Faulkner, Painted Post; and Solomon Wexor, Frederickstown.
     Resolved, That Dugald Cameron, Henry A. Townsend, and Daniel Cruger, Esquires, be a committee to draft a respectful Address to the Democratic Republicans of said county on the above subject.
     Resolved, That the Chairman and Secretary sign these proceedings and that they be published in the Albany Register.
Albany Register (Albany, NY) March 1807.
Extract of a letter from Bath, county of Steuben, dates March 20th, 1807.

     "Altho' this county has been represented by a quid member for two years past, I can give you every assurance that his constituents are decided republicans, a proof of which will be given at the ensuing election. The republicans of this county will unanimously support Tompkins and Broome and we are authorized to say, that our candidate for the Assembly, viz. General George M'Clure, will decidedly oppose every species of bribery, corruption, coalition, &c. &c."
Albany Register (Albany, NY) April 2, 1807; page 2.


     The Council of Appointments have given very great and general dissatisfaction to the inhabitants of the Western part of the State, by some of their late measures; particularly by the appointment of General McClure to the office of Sheriff, in the county of Steuben. In relation to this measure, the Buffalo Gazette, after lashing the Council for other improper removals and appointments, adds – Another instance of misuse of power, has been exercised in the appointment of George McClure to the office of Sheriff of the county of Steuben. This is the same Gen. George McClure who put Newark in a blaze, on the 13th of December, 1813; which event was the certain, inevitable precursor to the prostration and destruction of every thing that was valuable on this devoted frontier. The appointment of this man, to an important and responsible office, while the tragic events on this frontier are fresh in our minds, adds insult to the deepest injury. It needs no other comment, than to say, that the Council have inflicted a wound in the feelings of the inhabitants of Niagara county which will not soon be removed.

Province Gazette (Province, RI) April 22, 1815; page 3.


     A new republican paper, entitled the "Steuben Patriot," has been commenced at Bath, in this state, by Mr. Benjamin Smead.
Columbian (New York, NY) Wednesday, November 27, 1816; page 2.


     General George M'Clure of Bath, in the county of Steuben, is preparing for publication a pamphlet to be entitled 'Causes of the Failure of the Campaign of 1813.' It will recollected that General M'Clure commanded the volunteer patriots of the state of New York, who, at the period to which the intended publication alludes, advanced to the Niagara frontier, and boldly entered the enemy's territory. Whatever envy could suggest or detraction whisper to injure the character of M'Clure, I feel satisfied that his publication will prove what those who know him (and I had that pleasure) will be ready to believe that his patriotism was as pure as his courage was undoubted.
The Shamrock (New York, NY) Saturday, February 8, 1817; page 44.

     The Steuben Patriot of the 3d inst. printed at Bath, concludes an article on the prospect and benefits of our inland navigation with the following prediction, which we believe and hope will be fulfilled: -
     "Many aged men will live to see New York chequered with navigable water-courses - and the immense surplus of our produce floating with facility in every direction to some rich and ready market."
The New York Columbian (New York, NY) June 12, 1817; page 2.

     IN the town of Bath, Steuben county, N. Y. 260 acres of first rate LAND, of which 100 is under the best improvement. There is an Apple Orchard of 700 bearing trees, of different kinds of Fruit. A house containing 11 rooms; a barn 45 by 32 feet; a storing house 20 by 13; a public shed 46 by 36 - with other out buildings. There is a scite for Mills. The Conhacton river runs through this property, which makes a considerable quantity intervail land. It is a great place for manufacturing; and there is at present a Saw mill which does a great deal of business. Lumber can be rafted from there down the Susquehannah to the navigable waters of the Chesapeake bay, when a trifling expense will export it to the Baltimore market. Two great roads cross each other here, one of which is the main road to the Allegheny and Erie. There could not be a better stand for a public house and store. Any person wishing such a place, will please to enquire for particulars of F. WITTENBERG, City Register office, No. 75 Maiden-lane, or of HENRY KENNEDY, on the premises.          aug 15 - 2aw6w
New-York Daily Advertiser (New York, NY) August 21, 1817; page 4.


     At a respectable meeting of the people of Bath, (says the Steuben Patriot) it was resolved that G. Granger and Lyman Paine shall not be supported as senators for the western district, but that PHILETUS SWIFT and NATHAN (Nathaniel, I suppose) GARROW, shall be supported as senators - Geneva Gaz.
The National Advocate (New York, NY) Friday, March 26, 1819; page 2.

     Prospectus of a new weekly paper, in Bath, Steuben county, N. Y. to be called the Western Republican.
     "As the character of an Editor's principles and his object, should always establish his pretensions to support, ours shall be freely and fearlessly avowed. An Independent Press has ever been considered one of the greatest securities to a free people. Such shall be the Western Republican. With the prosperity of the State for its basis, it shall always occupy American ground.
     "The National Administration possesses our entire confidence, and shall receive our unceasing support whilst it continues to make the general good, the polar star of all its acts and deliberations.
     "The state of New York, under the auspices of Gov. Clinton, has lost much of its tranquility, most of its influence, and all its dignity. Those who anticipated a magnanimous and liberal policy, have been disappointed - they have found that, with him, individual merit forms no test of men, and have seen inflexible virtue and tried talents proscribed, because they would not blindly confide in Executive infallability, and prostrate their independence at the shrine of "unchastened ambition." It will be vain to look for internal repose or external respect, under the guidance of a Magistrate, who sets principle at defiance, by the open disclosure of his intriguing projects, and by descending from his official eminence to the ignoble station of leading an unrelenting faction: The means of redress are in the hands of the People - a lively interest is awakened among all good and vigilant citizens. To urge the employment of those means, and to give that interest a proper direction, shall be the chief aim of our humble editorial labours.
     "As the only press now in the counties of Steuben and Alleghany is notoriously devoted to the views of a few interested partisans of the Governor, it is believed and expected that unprejudiced men who think and act for themselves will be the more disposed to give us their immediate patronage."
The American (New York, NY) Saturday, September 18, 1819; page 3.

     Gen. McClure has established a woolen factory at Bath, Steuben county, and invites the farmers to bring in their wood; engaging that he will afford them cloth fine enough for dandies. He has got Brester's late invented spinning machine into use, by water power, with which a girl of ten years old, can attend 250 spindles and spin 100 pounds of wool in a day. With this machine, wool may be spun extremely fine and even; and one hand can perform as much as can be performed by 9 or 10 hand jennies. So much for an American invention. This excellent machine ought to be generally put into operation. It will prove immensely beneficial to this country. [Albany Plough Boy.
Richmond Enquirer (Richmond, VA) Friday, September 10, 1819; page 3.

     Two weekly newspapers have lately been established in the western district, one at Oswego, the other at Bath, Steuben county.
Rochester Telegraph (Rochester, NY) October 19, 1819; page 3.


From the Bath Steuben Patriot.
     Libel Suit
- We understand that the hon. Ambrose Spencer, chief justice of this state, has instituted a suit against W. B. Rochester, editor, and Erastus Shepard, the printer of the Western Republican published in this village, for a gross and malicious libel on his judicial character, which appeared in that paper of the first December last. The charge there made was, that Judge Spencer while "acting as a member of the council of revision, altered a bill adding a thousand dollars per annum to the salary of each of the judges, to make it read 'from the first day of January last,' instead of the first day of june of next.' This base and profligate charge, we are authorized to say, is absolutely false; that the bill referred to, was ammended in both houses by an unanimous vote, and that Judge Spencer was not present in the council of revision when the bill was received nor at any time while under consideration.
Albany Gazette (Albany, NY) March 9, 1820; page 4.


     TOASTS, GIVEN AT BATH, Steuben County, N. Y.
     After the exercises in the Court-House, where an oration was delivered by HENRY WELLES, esq. - the company partook of a dinner at Barnard's Hotel, where a number of volunteer toasts were drank. After dinner the company marched to the manufactory of Gen. M'Clure, president of the day, and partook of his bounty.
     By the President. The President of the United States - May he give further evidence of his patriotism, by recommending to the national legislature at their next meeting, the adoption of such measures as will protect the agriculturalists and manufacturers of his own country.
     By S. Barnard, esq. The United States of America - Their independence is but a name, while the mistaken policy of our government is pursued, of promoting the industry of foreign nations in preference to our own.
     By R. Campbell. Twin Sisters - Agriculture and Domestic Manufactures - While unprotected by the national government, we need not boast of independence.
     By Capt. B. Smead. Dr. Benjamin Franklin - The first as a Printer - the first as a Moralist - the first as a Philosopher - among the first as a Patriot - the man who "forced Lightning from Heaven, and Sceptres from Tyrants."
     By Col. Barney. The Governor of the State of New-York.
     By John Magee. Commodore Perry, the hero of Lake Erie - May his example be followed by every free American.
     By Daniel White. GeneralAndrew Jackson.
     By Gen. M'Clure. Henry Baldwin, esq - The able advocate and friend of commerce, agriculture and domestic manufactures - He will stick to the tariff bill, and eventually save his country from ruin.
The New-York Columbian (New York, NY) Thursday, July 20, 1820; page 2.

     We exceedingly regret to see a notice like the following in the Steuben and Allegany Patriot, printed at Bath, N. Y. from the editor of that paper. The Patriot has been a very useful paper, and conducted with considerable intelligence and spirit
     "The whole of my property has just been sacraficed at public auction, altogether in consequence of the unpardonable delinquency of my debtors. Now let not one complain of an immediate suit at law.  B. SMEAD."
City of Washington Gazette (Washington, D.C.) Thursday, December 28, 1820; page 2.


From the Steuben and Alleghany Patriot,

October 10.


     Gen. McClure made a bet of fifty dollars that he would take Wool in the fleece and manufacture a suit of satinet cloth in ten hours. The bet was decided last Saturday in his favor, having completed the suit and put them on in eight hours and forty five minutes. The colour was a blue mixture – the wool was colored in thirty five minutes – carded, spun, and wove in two hours and twenty five minutes – fulled, knapped, dryed, sheared and dressed in one hour and fifty six minutes – carried in four minutes, three fourths of a mile, to Mr. Gilmore’s tailor shop, who with the assistance of seven hands, completed the coat, jacket, and overalls, in three hours and forty nine minutes – there was one half a yard of the cloth left, being in the whole, eight and one half yards, and of such quality as was estimated to be worth one dollar per yard. The General offers to double the bet that he will make a better suit in less than eight hours – and dares the advocates of John Bull’s Manufactures to take him up.

New Hampshire Intelligencer (Haverhill, NH) Wednesday, November 13, 1822; page 2


     A building occupied as an Academy and Masonic Hall, together with the books of the school, charter, furniture, jewelry, records, &c. of Master and Mark Lodges, has lately been destroyed by fire at Bath, Steuben county, supposed by an incendiary enemy of the Freemasons. Their loss of property is about $500. - N. Y. Statesman.
American Sentinel (Middletown, CT) Wednesday, June 18, 1823; page 2.

Miscellaneous Items.
     Daniel Cruger, Esq. of Bath, Steuben county, has offered himself as a candidate for Congress, in place of Wm. B. Rochester, Esq. resigned.
Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, NY) September 3, 1823; page 3.

     WILLIAM WOODS, Esq. of Bath, Steuben county, has been nominated by District Convention, as a candidate to Congress, to supply the vacancy occasioned by the appointment of Wm. B. Rochester, esq. as circuit judge.
Ithaca Journal (Ithaca, NY) October 1, 1823; page 3.


   NOTICE is hereby given, that an application will be made at the next session of the legislature of this state, for an act authorising the board of supervisors of the county of Steuben, at their next session, to raise a tax on a valuation on real and personal estates in said county, for the purpose of erecting a court house in the village of Bath. Dated Bath, 25th, Dec. 1824.
The Albany Argus (Albany, NY) February 10, 1824; pg. 4.


The N. York Commercial Advertiser contains a humorous account of a recent meeting of bachelors in that city, at which sundry resolutions were adopted, protesting against the proposition of Gen. M'Clure, to tax them instead of dogs; since which, a card of the General, (sounding something like a retreat) has appeared in the Argas.
As a counterpart to the bachelors' meeting, it seems by the Hudson Republican, that the dogs in that city have also had a meeting; which, after much barking, resulted in the adoption of the following resolutions:
Resolved, That the thanks of the Hudson dogs, "mongrel, puppy, whelp and hound," "Tray, Blanch and Sweetheart, little dogs and all" - be presented to the valiant Gen. McClure, memer of the assembly from Steuben Co. for his attempt to induce the legislature to levy a tax upon old bachelors, and relieve the dogs from a heavy burden.
A general growl of applause, and a simultaneous wagging of tails, testified the approbation of the meeting, and the resolution passed unanimously.
It was then, on motion, Resolved, That a committee be appointed to invite Mr. McClure to a Mutton Dinner, at the corner of Still and Ferry streets, whenever it should be convenient for him to attend.
"When up they gat, and shook their lugs,
"Rejoic'd they were na men but dogs,
"An' each took off his several way,
"Resolv'd to meet some other day."
Saratoga Sentinel (Saratoga, NY) Feb 6, 1827; pg. 3.
Bath, (Steuben co.) July 12.

     A fact has just come to our knowledge which deserves notice. Some time last winter a coloured man found a package of money amounting to $80. After making much inquiry for the owner, without success, he inserted a notice in our paper, which soon brought the owner. The man gave a satisfactory description of the money and received it. It would be natural to suppose that any one possessing a spark of generosity would have rewarded the finder. Instead of doing this, he did not even thank him, and what is still more disgraceful, left the finder to pay us for the advertisement. We do not know the name of this niggardly fellow - if we did, it should be given to the public in black letter. -
Rochester Telegraph (Rochester, NY) July 24, 1827; page 4.


     A meeting of the citizens of Steuben county, friendly to the protection of domestic industry, was held at the court house, in the village of Bath, on Tuesday of last week. Cornelius Younglove was in the chair and B. F. Smead secretary. The interests of the growers and manufacturers of wool, hemp and flax, were commended to the protection and encouragement of the government.
     From a communication in the Ithaca Journal, we learn that a bed of stone coal has recently been discovered, by Messrs. Goodwins, near the beach of Cayuga Lake, about one and a half mile from Kidder's ferry. The quality has been thoroughly tried, and is found to be of the best kind, and the quantity is supposed to be abundant.
     Among a variety of toasts, by distinguished individuals at the celebration at Charleston, we find the following:
     By the Right Rev. Bishop England. - The soil under the influence of whose atmosphere the Shamrock became a Hickory.
Vermont Gazette (Benington, VT) Tuesday, February 12, 1828; page 2.


To Geneva, Ithaca, Elmira, and Bath
     STAGES will leave the Clinton Hotel, in Havana, every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, for Geneva, and Ithaca. Every Monday, Wednesday and Saturday, for Bath and Elmira, returning the following days.
     Travellers taking seats in this line of stages in Ithaca, can reach Elmira and Bath the same day. They connect at Geneva with Stages running to Albany and Buffalo, Catskill, Newburgh, and New-York; at at Elmira, with stages running to Philadelphia; at at Bath with the Angelica stages.
Havanna, Feb. 10, 1830.
Farmer's Advocate (Bath, NY) February, 1830.

    The Farmer's Advocate, printed at Bath, Steuben county, in an article showing the importance of making the Crooked Lake Canal, says that "on one occasion, of 20 arks which passed down the river this spring, SEVENTEEN SUNK! - These arks were laden pricipally with whiskey, pork, wheat, &c. The value of the cargoes of these arks could not be less than $20,000. In addition to this, we have just learned that out of 20 arks and rafts which passed the Shemokin dam in one day, 18 were stove to pieces. These are but two instances of the disasters of the season. - The losses on the several branches communicating with the southern market, can not be estimated at less than $100,000! - Neither is it in this year alone that these losses have been experienced; similar difficulties, dangers and disasters have occurred annually for the last 20 years."
The Watch-Tower (Cooperstown, NY) Monday, April 19, 1830; page 2.


THE Superintendants of the County Poor, in and for the County of Steuben, will meet at the house of P. Gilmore, in the village of Bath, on the 16th of February inst. at 10 o'clock P.M. to receive Proposals and make Contracts for the support of said Poor, for the term of one year from the first of March next. A description of said Poor will be given on the day of sale. Bonds with good security will be required.
By order of the Board.
WM. H. BULL, Sec'y.
Bath, Feb. 1, 1831.  2w5
Farmer's Advocate (Bath, NY) February, 1831.

NOTICE is hereby given that Books will be opened to receive Subscriptions to the capital stock of the Bath and Crooked Lake Rail Road Company, by the undersigned Commissioners for that purpose, at the Pulteney Land Office in the village of Bath, in the county of Steuben; at the Western Hotel in Courtland street, in the city of New York, kept by Wm. Faulkner; and at Cobb's Inn in the village of Penn Yan, in the county of Yates, on the 23d day of May next, at 10 o'clock A.M. - The act incorporating said company at the present session of the Legislature of the state of New York will then, at the above places, be shown to all wishing to puruse, the same.
Dated Bath, April 20th, 1831.
The Farmer's Advocate (Bath, NY) April 20, 1831.
THE Citizens of the County of Steuben, friendly to the project of a RAIL-ROAD from the city of New-York, through the Southern section of the State, to Lake Erie or the Fortage Summit of the Ohio canal. are earnestly requested to meet at Magee's Clinton House, on Thursday the 20th inst., at 6 o'clock P.M. for the purpose of adopting measures best calculated to promote this great object. A general attendance is expected. Bath, 14th
Oct. 1831.
The Farmer's Advocate (Bath, NY) October 19, 1831.


FOR SALE AT A GREAT BARGAIN - The subscriber offers for sale the premises formerly occupied by Gen. Geo. McClure, half a mile from the village of Bath, Steuben county, N.Y., containing 24 acres of improved land, all under new fence, with a large apple orchard.
     The dwelling house, which has been recently repainted, is about 50 feet square, two stories high, having a spacious hall and four rooms on the first floor, and six on the second, with a cellar under the whole.
    Should the property not be sold on or before Monday the 11th day of November next, it will then be offered at auction, at two o'clock in the afternoon of said day, on the premises.
     For terms, &c. apply to W. W. McCay, esq., land office, Bath, Steuben county, or to the subscriber in the city of New York. New York, October 11, 1833.
Receiver of the Mohawk Insurance Company of New York.
The Albany Argus (Albany, NY) October 25, 1833; pg. 4.


[From the Bath Constitutionalist.]
     A Good Beginning in Old Steuben.
- A meeting of the friends of that gallant hero and statesman, Gen. Wm. H. HARRISON, was held at Brown's Hotel, in this village on Thursday last; and not withstanding but a few hours notice was given of it, it was the largest political meeting which we have ever attended in this county. - Had the information been given several days before the holding of the meeting, the people would have flocked in from the neighboring settlements in multitudes. The office-holders and office-seekers may say what they will, Gen. Harrison is the man for the people. They have taken him up, and they will sustain him.
     We would suggest to our friends the expediency of calling meetings in the several towns in the county, for the purpose of appointing town committees, and expressing the sentiments of the people on the nomination of General Harrison. Thus far our candidate has received no state caucus or national convention nomination, but has been brought forward by the people in town and county meetings. This is the true democratic way. The people should not only hage a voice in electing but also in selecting their rulers.
     The following are the proceedings of the meeting on Thursday evening. The resolutions were supported in animated speeches from D. Rumsey, Jun, J. K. Hale, and J. Whiting. Esqrs.


     At a numerous meeting of Republican Electors of Steuben County, friendly to the election of GEN. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON to the Presidency, holden at Brown's Hotel in the village of Bath, on Thursday evening, October 22, CALEB FARNHAM, Esq. was called to the Chair, and TEN EYCK GANSEVOORT appointed Secretary.
     On motion, Resolved, that D. Rumsey Jr., C. Adams, J. K. Hale, J. Manderson, and Anson Cogswell be appointed a Committee to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting.
     The Committee reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted.
     Resolved, That in the spontaneous exultation with which the nomination of William H. Harrison for the Presidency has been echoed and echoed and re-echoed throughout the land, we perceive that the people are about to take to themselves the selection of their rulers, unawed by office holders and uninfluences by packed conventions.
     Resolved, That Martin Van Buren, the candidate for the presidency noinated by the Baltimore convention, has no claims to an election other than those founded upon strict party discipline, that his friends can point to no single act in his whole political life which has for its object the increase of our nation's wealth or reputation, and that his whole aim has been to draw to himself personal influence, without regard to the manner in which he has accomplished such aim.
     Resolved, That this meeting had with joy the result of the late election in Pennsylvania: and the Key Stone State having been thus preserved, we rejoice in the assurance that the political arch will be safe.
     Resolved, That a County Corresponding Committee, to consist of ten members be appointed, with power to call meetings at such times as they may think proper.
     The following persons were appointed said committee: - William Woods, T. E. Gansevoort, C. Adams, Jno. M. Campbell, of Bath; J. K. Hale, Addison, Thomas A. Johnson, of Painted Post; Wm. Hastings, Urbana; A. Lee, Howard; W. A. Beach, Prattsburgh; M. Adsit, Hornellsville.
     Resolved, That the friends of Gen. HARRISON in the several towns in this county be requested to meet and choose town committees, and forward the names of the same to the Corresponding Committee.
     Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Constitutionalist, Albany Daily Advertiser, Evening Journal and New York Star.
     CALEB FARNHAM, Chairman.
     T. F. GANSEVOORT, Secretary.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) Monday, November 2, 1835; page 2.


From the Bath (Steuben co.) Advocate.
     Our village has this morning been visited by the most extensive fire which has occurred since its settlement. The range of buildings between Mr. Hempsted's Jewelry shop and the Red School House is a heap of ruins. The buildings destroyed are owned and occupied as follows: - The building in which the fire originated, was owned by John R. Gansevoort, and occupied above by Charles Adams, as teh Constitutional printing office, below by Miss Norton, Milliner, and John M'Cala, Hatter; the Franklin House, owned by Peres Gilmore, and occupied by Tho's Metcalfe, as a hotel, and basement by P. Bowen, as a grocer; the house and stores owned and occupied by B. Wilkes; the grocery store owned and occupied by George Norton; and the office of Dr. Warden.
     The fire was first discovered about half past six o'clock in the printing office, by the hands on their return from breakfast. On opening the door of the office the smoke burst out so dense as to prevent an entrance, and all efforts to save any of the contents are unavailing. Nearly all the goods and furniture in the other buildings were saved.
     The fire is supposed to have communicated to the printing office (through some failure in the chimney) from a fire which had been made a few minutes before in the milliner's shop below. There had been no fire made in the office this morning.
     The loss so far as we are now informed, is about as follows:
     J. R. Gansevoort, by destruction of building $600. Insured for 400 at Albany.
     Charles Adams, all the materials of his printing office, including presses, type, paper, &c. $1200, besides his books and accounts. No insurance.
     R. L. Underhill, stereotype plates and papers in the printing office, 150 to $200.
     Peres Gilmore, Franklin House, $3000. No insurance.
     B. Wilkes, house and stores 800 to $1000. Insured for 900. Some goods were also destroyed in Mr. W's store which were covered by insurance.
     George Norton, grocery, 250 dollars. Insured for 150.
     Dr. Warden's office, 150.
     In addition to the above some few articles were also lost by most of the occupants and others injured in removing.
     Mr. Hempsted's shop and our printing office were in imminent danger, and several times on fire, but were saved by the activity of our citizens.
     We have barely escaped to give the above detail. And we tender our warmest thanks to those who assisted so actively and carefully in removing the materials of our office.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) June 26, 1837; page 2.

FIRE IN STEUBEN CO. N.Y. - The Advocate says a house belonging to Col. Whiting, about a mile from the village of Bath, was burnt down on Monay night, the 22d inst., and the furniture, and about 400 cwt. of wool destroyed. Loss $700; no insurance.
Public Ledger (Philadelphia, PA) Friday, 2 Feb 1838; pg. 4.

A building attached to the Steuben county poor house, NY, was destroyed by fire on the 2d inst., and a poor idiot named Elias Williams was consumed in the flames.
The Albany Argus (Albany, NY) January 22, 1839; pg. 2

     A Cold Bath. - The Bath (Steuben) Constitutionalist of the 15th inst. says: - "The charter election for this village on Tuesday last resulted in the choice of a full board of Whig Trustees, Assessors, &c. The Loco Focos considered prudence the better part of valor, and offered no ticket." A cold Bath, this, for Van Burenism.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) May 20, 1839; page 2.
     The Farmers' Advocate, published at Bath, Steuben county, by Mr. Henry D. Smead, has been brought out recently in a new and beautiful type and on an enlarged sheet.  It is now one of the neatest in its typographical appearance, as it has ever been one of the firmest and most spirited, of the democratic journals. The "Advocate" is one of the oldest of the southwestern newspapers; and under its venerabe late editor, and in its present hands, has rendered valuable service to a cause that is worthy of its best efforts. May its course be onward and prosperous.
The Albany Argus (Albany, NY) August 23, 1839; pg. 2.


     LAUDABLE MUNIFICENCE. - Mr. Adam Haverling, of Bath, Steuben county, N. York, has given a farm of one hundred and seventy acres, valued at $6,000, together with an eligible village lot of one acre and a half, to build and endow an academy.
The Sun (New York, NY) August 17, 1842; page 2.


Great Gathering in old Steuben - - 7 to 8,000 Whigs in council!!
From the Steuben Courier
     The 30th was a proud day for old Steuben - Never before was such a mighty gathering of her freemen witnessed within her borders. We had immense gatherings in 1840, but the Mass Meeting of the Whigs of Steuben last Friday, exceeded by thousands, even the mighty gatherings of that ever memorable period. The valley of the Cohocton poured in its thousands, and the surrounding hills contibuted their hundreds to swell the living tide. The indomitable Whigs of the Canisteo made their way over the hills, and came down upon us "an army with banners," ready to fight, while the Whigs of the Tioga and the Chemung came rushing in, with a current as broad and resistless as that of their own loved streams. Every valley and every hill contributed its quota to make up the immense multitude.
     The day was remarkably fine, though the morning clouds indicated rain which caused much apparent satisfaction and chuckling among the pious Locofocus - we mean of the Amos Kendall order - but the God of Nature smiled, brushed the threatening clouds quietly one side, and left the disconsolate Locos the only "weepers" The delegation from the North, Urbana and Wayne first made its appearance with its broad waving banners with their numerous and significant devices, its hundreds of enthusiastic Whigs and its scores fo "beautiful girls." The Whigs of Urbana and Wayne, through in the minority in their respective towns, have grappled in with Locofocoism in a manner which merits, and we hope may achieve success. They look defiance to the monster, and seem to say,
          No maiden a arms are round thee thrown,
          That desperate grasp thy frame might feel
          Through bars of brass and triple steel."
     In this procession were a variety of beautiful banners, one of which had upon it a large American Eagle, with this motto, "HENRY CLAY FOR FOUR YEARS, WHIG PRINCIPLES FOREVER." In this procession was a small delegation from Yates bearing the beautiful banner of the "Starkey Clay Club"
     A long procession from the South came in next made up of the delegations from Jasper, West Addison, Cameron, Canisteo, &c. - and an unposing procession it was, with its almost interminable sucession of two, four, and we think some six horse teams, all well loaded with enthusiastic Whigs and "beautiful girls," who bore a flag, "for annexation - but not for Texas" In this procession was, Capt. SAMUE BAKER of Cameron, a surviving soldier of the Revolution who bore a banner on one side of which was,
     "A WHIG of '76, A SOLDIER AND PRISONER OF 1812, AND A WHIG OF 1844," on the other "POLK, THRICE VOTED AGAINST PENSIONERS, PENSIONERS VOTE AGAINST POLK." Somewhere in the crowd we saw one fellow who was evidently poking fun at Mr. Polk.
     A little after 12 o'clock, the head of a procession near two miles in length, from "down the river" reached the village, comprising the delegations from Painted Post, Erwin, Lindley, Addison, Hornby, Orange, Campbell and Thurston. The front of the procession moved on and was far out of sight, and the cry was "still they come," and they continued to come until the streets were literally blocked up with human beings. The array of banners, the almost endless succession of four, six and eight hourse teams, freighted with hardy yeomanry as ready to defend their rights at the ballot box, as their fathers were on the battlefield, and the fair daughters of Steuben, gave to this procession a grand and imposing appearance. It seemed as if the entire population of the eastern portion of the county was pouring in upon us. We had hardly time to glance at one half of the many banners which graced this procession. On one was the representation of a large coon, with "you cant Polk this coon." On another was "CLAY and PROTECTION TO ALL," another "CLAY, FRELINGHUYSEN and FILLMORE," &c. &c.
     The procession from the east had hardly passed, before one nearly as large came in from the West, comprising the delegations from, Hornellsville, Howard, Cohocton, Avoca, Prattsburg, Pulteney, Wheeler and Dansville. This procession we are informed numbered some 180 wagons. The banners born by this procession presented a splendid appearance. Among them the banner of the Avoca Clay Cub was conspicuous. Upon another we saw, "COHOCTON good for 100 majority for CLAY and FRELINGHUYSEN," a hint to our Painted Post friends to look out for competition. On another banner we read a dialogue something like the following. -
     Quest. Who's got my cow?
Ezekiel Polk -
     Quest. What is he going to do with her?
     Ans. Sell her to the British.
     The Prattsburgh delegation bore a beautiful banner, with a fine likeness of HENRY CLAY upon a charger, making for the White House of course, while Polk and Tyler, if our memory serves us, were putting for Texas. But we have not space to even notice one half of the numberous banners which waved in every direction, much less their still more numerous devices. Most of the remaining towns sent respectable delegations, but if they did not exceed a hundred or two, they were soon lost in the crowd. We saw lots of good Whigs and true, from Reading, Tyrone, Bradford, and Hartsville.
     At half past 1 o'clock the convention was organized by the nomination of the Hon. A. B. DICKINSON as President.
     Jno Brown, of Bath; John Hamilton, of Howard; Jesse Clark, Jr., of Painted Post, Wm. Diven, of Reading; Harvey Andrews, of Jasper, Arthur H. Erwin, of Erwin, James Silsbe, of Avoca, John B Mitchell, of Wayne, Vice Presidents.
     H. H. Hull, of Painted Post, and Wm. J. Gilbert, of Erwin, Secretaries.
     The conventin then made choice of the following delegates to the state, Senatorial and Congressional conventions.
State - John Whiting, Wm. Baker, Otis Thatcher
Senatorial - Samuel Brundage, David McMaster, Thos. A. Johnson
Congressinal - James Alley, Joel Carrington, Herman S. Swift, Wm. Hastings, Martin Adsit, Finla McClure, W. Barnes, Richard H. Sheffield, James G. Mersereau.
     Resolved, That each of the above delegates have power to appoint a substitue in case he shall be unable to attend.
     The President then introduced to the Convention JAMES A. HAMILTON, Esq. of Westchester - District Atorney for the Southern district of New York, during the Administration of General Jackson, who spoke mainly upon the Texas question, in a manner which must have carried conviction to every candid, unprejudiced mind. He maintained that the annexation of Texas could not be effected without National dishonor, great injustice towards Mexico, the extension of the unequal and unjust property representation in our national councils, and the strengthening and perpetuation of the Institution of Slavery. The marked attention of his vast auditory during his speech, and the bursts of applause which arose from the multitude as he took his seat, showed that his sentiments met with a hearty response from the freemen of Steuben.
     The President next announced to the convention, a name familiar to all, that of Ex. Gov SEWARD, and the bursts of applause which followed the mention of his name, and the "three times three" which arose from the "sea of up-turned faces" as he made his appearance, showed that he was a thrice welcome guest to the Whigs of Steuben. He spoke about an hour and a half, carrying conviction to all who heard him, of the justice and beneficent tendency of the principles and measures of the Whig party. He showed most conclusively, that the Whig party, is the party of progress and improvement, that its object and tendency is to elevate rather than depress the masses, and that the good of all requires the establishment of its policy and principles, in our State, as well as our National Councils. His speech showed that his mind is deeply imbued with the principles of universal freedom, that the poor and unfortunate, the degraded son of Africa, and the exile from a foreign land who seeks shelter in this, are the objects of his kindly regard, and his sympathies.
     We have neither the ability, nor the time ot give even a faint idea of the masterly speech of the Ex-Governor. He was frequently interrupted by bursts of applause, and as he took his seat, loud and long were the "cheers for Gov Seward" which arose from the immense multitude.
     Hon. A. B. DICKINSON was then loudly called for, and responded in a speech of about half an hour which was received by frequent and continued bursts of applause.
     Soon after Mr. Hamilton commenced his speech, it was ascertained that but little more than half of the number present could get within sound of his voice, and the Hon. GIBSON HARD - Senator from the Eighth District, was called to a stand hastily erected in front of the Presbyterian Church, and addressed a large concourse, but there was still  a large numbr who could not hear, and the Hon. JOHN YOUNG, of Geneseo, who was present, spoke to a large audience from the steps of the Bank, and was successively followed by J. K. HALE and R B VAN VALKENBURGH, Esqrs. of this county - Of the speeches of these gentlemen we are unable to speak, as we were confined to the main stand, but judging from the general expression of those who listened to them, and the frequent thunders of applause which burst forth from thier  respective auditories, we have no hesitation in saying that they were replete with convincing argument, interspersed with anecdote, and sparkling wit, which insturcted, and at teh sme time amused. Notwithstanding three speakers were addressing the crowd from as many different stands at the same time, a large number about the main stand could not hear more than one half of what was said. One whig remarked as we left the ground, "this is a complete failure, for notwithstanding my efforts to get within hearing distance, I have heard but little that has been said.
     It was a mighty gathering of freemen, and shows a settled determination on the part of the Whigs of Steuben, to do their full share in rolling on the ball, and in electing HENRY CLAY and THEODORE FRELINGHUYSEN, to the offices for which they are respectively nominated. Among the Towns entitled to particular commendation are, Orange, Addison and Hornby. But a few years since there were but three Whigs in the town of Orange; and to indicate what she then was, and now is, she bore a banner with the inscription, "THE THREE WHIGS OF ORANGE," followed by about four score of the Whigs of that town. The "Addison Buggy," drawn by eight horses, and containing, we should judge, some sixty voters attracted particular attention. This was but a part of the Addison delegation. When we take into consideration the distance, from 28 to 30 miles, and the large representation from that Locofoco town, all will agree that our Addison friends are entitled to much credit.
     Hornby, nearly as distant as Addison, sent a large share of her Whig voters and a goodly number of her patriotic Ladies. She will give a good account of herself next November.
     The number present was variously estimated from 6 to 10,000, a medium number would probably be near the mark, though we are perfectly willing to take the lowest estimate, fully satisfied that it would stand count. A large number of Ladies were present, and listened with intelligent and marked attention to the speeches. The most unbounded enthusiasm prevailed throughout, and all went away apparently gratified, with the proceedings of the day. We must close this brief and imperfect sketch, by assuring our friends abroad that if New York is not redeemed next November, if will not be the fault of the Whigs of Steuben.
Albany Argus (Albany, NY) Tuesday, January 21, 1845; pg. 4.


NOTICE is hereby given that an application will be made to the legislature of the state of New York, at the next session thereof, for the passage of an act to amend the act entitled "An act to incorporate the village of Bath in the county of Steuben," so as to extend the boundaries of said village, and to increase the powers of the trustees thereof. Dated December 23, 1844.
St. Paul Daily Pioneer (St. Paul, MN) April 4, 1855; page 2.


     A great part of the village of Bath, Steuben county, N. Y., was destroyed by fire on Monday, the 12th inst. The fire was still raging when the Express messenger left, having swept off many of the buildings on Liberty and Orhard Streets.
St. Paul Daily Pioneer (St. Paul, MN) April 4, 1855; page 2.
Three lads, 2 Irish and 1 col'd on last Sabbath while sporting on the little Lake, one mile below Bath, were drowned. The boat capsized, through carlessness and the three found a watery grave.
The Voice of the Nation (Addison, NY) Wednesday, June 20, 1855.


IMPROVEMENTS IN BATH. - Buildngs, Phoenix-like, have suddenly arose from the ashes on the burnt district, where unconquerable fire laid out one-third of the business portion of the village. Among others are ten first class Brick Stores - three stories high and fire proof, we hope. They are worthy monuments of the indomitable energy and perseverance of our citizens, and of the place. Such large and substantial brick stores are an ornament to any city. Among those who have built this season, and will soon have their stores ready to occupy are
GEORGE HALLOCK, one store 20 by 50
GEORGE HALLOCK, one store 20 by 70
A. S. HOWELL, one store 20 by 70
CHURCH & ALLEN, one store 24 by 70
L. P. HARD, one store 20 by 70
H. W. PERINE, two stores 20 by 70
R. W. CHURCH, one store 20 by 70
L. BILES, one store
REUBEN ROBIE, one store
A. C. YOST, has commenced a brick store on Steuben Street.
Messrs. HOWELL & HALLOCK have united the third stories of their buildings into a splendid Hall 47 by 70 feet, 17 feet hight, which will be handsomely finished and lighted with gas. Such a hall has been greatly needed here, and we have no doubt that the proprietors have made a good investment.
L. P. HARD is already sailing under ful colors in his new Sevastopol, it seems, from the numerous customers who storm his citadel daily. Mr. PERINE is finishing up his store in a magnificent style, and will move in to it about the 10th inst.
But we should neglect our duty, did we omit to make honorable mention of those who were the master spirits, as well as Master builders of those beautiful brick blocks. Without the fine taste and strong arm of these thorough mechanics, what would all our pencilings on paper amount to? As much as the old woman's needle did toward padding the vessel ashore? Hardly. To the excellent taste and superior skill of DELOS CARPENTER of Elmira, the superintendent of the erection of three-fourths of the above named buildings may be attributed a large share of their beauty, solidity, and permanency. He is not only a thorough, practical and succesful mechanic, but a perfect gentleman, who wins the confidence and esteem of all who have occasion to become acquainted with him. We hope he will not leave us until the last foot of the burnt district is covered with brick monuments, similitudes of those which he has nearly completed.
The Steuben American (Bath, NY) Wednesday, January 2, 1856; pg. 3.
     TERRIBLE FIRES IN ALLEGANY AND STEUBEN COUNTIES - GREAT DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY. - We learn by a gentleman from Dansville that extensive and destructive fires have been for some days raging in the towns of Hume, Angelica and Almond, Allegany county; and in Wayland, Addison, Bath and other towns in Steuben. Forests, fences, barns and dwellings have been destroyed, and in some instances the inhabitants have escaped with difficulty. Our informant thinks that at least forty or fifty houses and barns have been destroyed. In one instance a farmer hastily took his grain to a deep ravine that it might be saved. The immense swamp near Wayland was all on fire, and the greatest exertions were necessary to save dwellings between Liberty and Blood's. It was reported that a child was burned to death in a house near Addison. On Thursday last, in Dansville, the smoke from these fires was so dense that it produced almost midnight darkness. The loss of property by these conflagrations must be very great. - Rochester Democrat, Sept. 22.
New York Herald (New York, NY) September 24, 1856; page 10.


Steuben County.
     At a meeting of the Republican electors of the First Assembly District of Steuben county, held at Bath, on the 25 day of April inst., for the purpose of choosing delegates to the Republican State Convention; to be held at Syracuse on the 18th inst., O. F. MARSHALL was called to the chair and S. D. LEWIS was chosen Secretary.
     On motion, GEORGE S. ELLAS and OWEN RILEY, JR., were unanimously elected such delegates.
     On motion Messrs. T. W. Boyd, Otis Shepard and George S. Ellas were appointed committee on resolutions. The following resolutions were reported and adopted by the convention: -
     Resolved, That the people of this Assembly District are, with great unamimity, in favor of the toll and proesta bills passed by the Assembly; and that the Senate, in their action and votes upon said bills, have grossly misrepresented the sentiments of this portion of their consituency and have, in these and other instances in their legislation furnished conclusive evidence and they have become the representatives of unscrupulous corporations and combined wealth and are not the advocates of the rights and interests of the people of this State.
     Resolved, That the general course of our representative in the Assembly, the Hon. DANIEL GRAY, in the legislation of the session meets with our hearty approval, and that in it we have renewed confidence of his integrity and devotion to the interest of his constituency and the State.
     Resolved, That the proceedings of This Convention be published in the Steuben Courier, Albany Journal, New York Tribune and the Evening Post.
     On motion, the Convention adjourned.
     Dated BATH, April 2, 1880.
          O. F. MARSHALL, Chairman.
     S. D. LEWIS, Secretary.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) April 7, 1860; page 2.


Crimes and Casualties.

      In the early part of this week, two girls employed as domestics in the family of Judge McMaster, of Bath, Steuben county, picked some greens for their dinner, among which was some stramonium, a poisonous plant. After eating they became sick and blind..

The New York Times (New York, NYAugust 3, 1867.


Fire in Bath, Steuben County, N.Y.

      ELMIRA, N.Y., Monday, Dec. 28.

     The Post Office and Kellogg House at Bath, Steuben County, were destroyed by fire last night. Both buildings were entirely destroyed, together with the furniture of the Kellogg House, which had just been put in entirely new. The contents of the Post Office were saved. The amount of insurance is not known here, or in what companies held. It is understood, however, that the property was generally well insured. It is believed the fire was the work of an incendiary.

The New York Times (New York, NY) December 29, 1868.


[From Advocate Extra of Monday.]
Four Different Localities Fired In One Night!!
     The citizens of Bath were aroused at one o'clock, Sunday morning, June 2d, by another incendiary fire which proved more disastrous in its results than any of the previous attempts. The fire originated in the corner building north of the Post Office, occupied in front and in the second story by Watts Bushnel as a Shoe Store and Shop. In the rear of the store a stairway leading to the shop opened on Orchard street. A connecting building back of this was occupied by A. Robinson as a Harness Shop.
     The buildings in the square north of the Bushnell corner fronting on Liberty street, were, first, - residence and Photographic Rooms of Theodore Gould. This building was at one time the residence of the late Hon. Reuben Robie. Next came Dr. F. Wylie's house and office, the front being occupied by Mrs. E. D. Mitchell & Sister, Milliners. Next was the old New School Presbyterian Church building, owned by W. H. Purdy. This building was not long since remodelled and fitted for a Music store and a dwelling built in the rear which was Mr. Purdy's residence. The basement of these structures was used by the Purdy Bro's as a Paint Shop. Mrs. S. H. Ives' Millinery Rooms and residence came next. Then came Mrs. C. Hagadorn's house on the corner of Liberty and William streets.
     The fire originated in the stairway before described. The general opinion is that the door opening on the street was opened, lighted combustibles thrown in and the door re-closed. The night was still, but the fire in the dry wooden structures did not wait long. The people turned out lively, and notwhitstanding the difficulties of poor engines, poor hose and lack of water, did good execution. All of the buildings described above were burned expect Mrs. Hagadorn's, which by the gallant exertions of our citizens and a fortunate supply of water, was saved.
     About 2 o'clock the back window of a building on William street, owned by the Hardenbrook Co. and used by Mr. Warren Gleason as a Carpenter Shop, was broken and lighted combustibles thrown in upon the loose shavings under the carpenters' bench. On account of the stillness of the air and exertions made by our good citizens, with the help of a small hand engine belonging to the Hardenbrook Co., the fire was confined to two small buildings, on the shop spoken of and the other a warehouse filled with plows, tools, patterns, &c. Had the wind been blowing from any direction there is no telling the amount of damage which would have resulted. As it was the store and shop of Hardenbrook's were in imminent danger, as was also the Gilmore House.
     A few minutes past two a fire was kindled in the house of James Smith, on William street. Mr. Smith is away from home most of the time, and Mrs. Smith, her sister and four young children (one of whom was lying very low with spotted fever) occupy the building. An empty rag-bad hanging on the wall of the kitchen was filled with rags and a can of kerosene taken from a shelf and contents poured into the bad, which was then set on fire. In five minutes after the discovery it would have been impossible to have saved the house. The sick child will probably die from the excitement of that night. The noise made in the kitchen was heard, but supposed to be caused by cats until the alarm was given by a neighbor.
     About four o'clock the housekeeper of W. J. Darcy (Catholic) heard a noise on the back porch of his residence, and on raising the window two persons were seen to pass out of the yard. On going out Father Darcy saw some papers burning in his stable immediately behind the stall of his horse. These were thrown in through an open window and were extinguished without doing any damage. Soon after this last attempt a young man named William Keough was arrested and held for examination.
     Watts Bushnell loses $2,000 on house, $2,000 on stock. Insured $1,000 each in Phoenix of Hartford, Triumph of Cincinnati and Allemannia of Cleveland - Z. L. Parker, agent.
     A. Robinson, harness maker, loses nearly al his stock and tools, amounting to $500. No insurance.
     Theodore Gould loses $1,000 at least. Insured for $1,000 in Phoenix of Brooklyn - B. C. Ward, agent.
     Dr. F. Wylie loses $3,500. Insured $2,000 on building in Hanover, $500 on contents in Westchester - M. T. Wagoner, agent.
     Mrs. Mitchell & Sister were insured for $2,000 on stock, $1,000 on furniture, &c., in the agencies of M. T. Wagoner, agent.
     Mr. W. H. Purdy loses $4,000. Insured for $2,000 by D. M. Van Camp, in good companies.
     Mrs. Ives loses $1,500 on building. Insured for $1,200 in North American of Philadelphia - D. M. Van Camp, agent; and $2,000 loss on stock, which is fully covered by
insurance in Home of Columbus, Ohio - M. T. Wagoner, agent.
     The total los sof the Hardenbrook Company will not fall under $2,500, and is probably greater. Insured for $1,500 in Westchester - M. T. Wagoner, agent.
     Mr. Gleason loses tools valued at over $100. No insurance.
     Thos. R. Rutherford loses about $100 in damages to windows, door, &c. Fully covered by insurance.
     Mr. Wagoner says that all policies given by the companies represented by him will be settled at once satisfactorily. Mr. Van Camp says that athe losses due from his agency will be promptly and honorably settled. Mr. Z. L. Parker vouches for the prompt payment of the losses by his companies, and B. C. Ward the same.
     The first fire was stopped before burning Mrs. C. Hagadorn's house by the efficient working of the antediluvian "Black Joke" and the supply of water at Hardenbrook's. This engine was thrown aside years since, and A. Becman took it in charge, throughly repaired it, and kept it in case of fire at his factory. On the night of the fire and after thoroughly wetting the roofs of his buildings, he took the engine on Liberty street and added much to the protection of the remaining buildings.
     Champion No. 1 Engine was promptly on hand with an impromptu company, which won great credit by their arduous, untiring exertions. The whole body of Citizens seemed to take
a common interest in the matter, and labored regardless of personal safety or preservation.
     The Hook & Ladder Company did their work bravely, and are the recipients of many thanks.
     Mr. Holbrook, of the Gilmore House, generously provided a supper and hot coffee for the workers, and they were duly appreciated by the boys. Where all did well it is impossible to personate any. All behaved with credit to themselves and village.
     Mrs. Hagadorn returns her grateful acknowledgments to those who labored so diligently to save her dwelling. Mr. Holbrook says that he is peculiarly grateful, particularly to the young men, for their noble efforts to save the Gilmore House, and trusts that he can some time render them a favor at his table or elsewhere as an expression of his gratitude.
     Mr. Bushnell takes the east room of the Steuben House where he is already at work and ready to receive his patrons. Dr. F. Wylie may be found at the residence of Widow Reed on Morris St., opposite the Mansion House. W. H. Purdy and Mrs. Mitchell & Sister have taken the store in Nichols' House Block, lately occupied by Wood & Spencer. Mrs. S. H. Ives has removed the stock of Millinery saved by her to J. W. Curtis & Co's. Music Rooms, where she will dispose of the same at cost.
     We are requested by the losers to as any person holding or knowing of any unclaimed property to advise the proper authorities that it may be placed in the owner's possession.

The Steuben Advocate (Bath, NY) June 3, 1872.

Loss $10,000!
     The large residence of Mrs. James Gansevoort on Morris Street, was burned on Wednesday morning, June 5th. The fire originated between a privy adjoining the back part of the building and a woodhouse forming part of the main building. It was discovered by Capt. Stocum about half-past one o'clock. The building was built by Hon. Wm. S. Hubbell as a private residence in 1833, in the heavy solid pattern of the old time. The night was very dark and rainy, a heavy wind blowing from the north-west. This swept the fire rapidly through the dry material of the house, filling the air with a thick and suffocating smoke. The unconscious inmates slept soundly and were only rescued by kicking in the heavy front door and dragging them almost forcibly from the building. The citizens turned out in force and labored only as Bath's citizens in the present crisis can work. Every man was a host. The engines were quickly at their place of duty, and fortunately, one of the cisterns constructed by the town was immediately in front of the house, so that water was plenty. The engines did an immense amount of good, and had not one of them broken down, it is probable that no other building than the burning one would have been injured. The rain poured down at intervals, keeping the roofs of exposed buildings throughly wet, thereby limiting the danger much. Large pieces of the burning building were carried considerable distance by the wind and the noble band of workers was surrounded by an atmosphere of sparks and smoke.
     The dwelling of P. Gilmore, separated from the burning one by only a narrow lane, is a concrete one, and that fact aided the efforts to save it. As it was, the blinds, cornices and all exposed woodwork on the side nearest is charred into coal. Had not the night been rainy the utmost exertions of our people could not have prevented the fire from sweeping down Morris street and causing a loss we shudder to contemplate.
     This fire came near being more disastrous than any of the preceding ones, as valuable human lives were almost added to the spoils of the flames. We are satisfied that this also was the work of design, and that a band of bold, unscrupulous villians skillfully plan these many succesful attempts. This fact is evident, and while we would not have one shade of suspicion rest on an innocent person, we hope that swift and retributive justice may speedily overtake the guilty wretches.
     The contents of Mrs. Gansevoort's house were very valuable, embracing an unusually large amount of furniture, bedding and wearing apparel, much valuable jewelry, &c. A trunk of silver plate was saved and very little else. Her loss will probably exceed $10,000. The building was insured in the Home Ins. Co. of New York for $5,000. D. M. VanCamp, agent. Only a policy of $5,00 was held on the contents.
     Mr. Gilmore loses considerably on building and damage to furniture carried into the storm. He has no insurance.
The Steuben Advocate (Bath, NY) June 3, 1872.
A Revolutionary Tea Pot.
     Among the interesting objects in the Steinheim, is a pewter tea pot of Revolutionary times. It was then owned by the family of Captain Stephen Powell, of High Gates, Vt. He entertained Washington several times, who drank tea made in it. His daughter, Harriet Powell Purdy, of Bath, N.Y., inherited this tea pot. It was given to Mr. Allen by her son, Harrison Purdy, of Bath.
Alfred Sun (Alfred, NY), unknown date.



     A public meeting is to be held on Thursday evening at Lyric Hall, No. 725 Sixth avenue, near Forty-second street, under the auspices of Sumner Post No. 24, G.A.R., in behalf of the Soldiers’ Home to be established at Bath, Steuben county, New York. The programme will consist of addresses by the Commander of the Department of New York, G.A.R. Comrade James Tanner and other eminent speakers, singing and recitations. It is said that there are 500 disabled Union soldiers of the late war in the poorhouses of this State. The meeting should be well attended.

New York Herald (New York, NY) April 10, 1877; pg. 10.
A Murder at Bath, N. Y.

     ELMIRA, May 25. - Charles Wright, son of the landlord of the Steuben Hotel, at Bath, N. Y., was murdered yesterday morning by a hostler named White. The latter gave himself up, claiming he did the act in self-defense.
Cincinnati Daily Gazette (Cincinnati, OH) May 26, 1877; page 2.


Fire and Loss of Life.

     BATH, April 7, - One of the buildings of the Steuben county poor-house, near this place, was burned last night, and fifteen inmates perished. The fire was set by an insane pauper.
Times Picayune (New Orleans, LA) April 8, 1878; page 4.

The Insane Department of the Steuben County House at Bath, N. Y. Destroyed.
Fifteen of the Inmates Meet a Dreadful Death.
Names of the Victims - Over Forty Persons Rescued.
Bath, N. Y., April 7, 1878.
     A terribly disastrous fire occurred here a little before one o'clock this morning. The insane depatment of the Steuben County House, containing between sixty and seventy inmates, was fired by L. C. Ford, one of the inmates, from Hornellsville. Fifteen persons, five males and ten females, perished in the flames. The building is wholly destroyed, with a loss of $4,000. The scenes of fatality beggar description and were horrifying in the extreme. One inmate besides those who perished was injured. More than forty were rescued.
     L. C. Ford, who was a man subject to fits, was never known to do anything violent before, and therefore was trusted and given fuller liberty than other more insane inmates. He was allowed to smoke and have light in his room. It is supposed that he fired his bedding, for when those in charge discovered the flames Ford's head protruded through the iron grating of his window and he apparently could not withdraw it. He must have put his head out as soon as he recovered from the fit and discovered his danger. Superintendent Eli Carington was absent from the premises temporarily. His family and assistants worked hard, but it was too late to be of any avail, except in rescuing three-fourths of the helpless imprisoned inmates.
     The County House is about two miles north of Bath Court House Bridge. The light was noticed in Bath just before one o'clock A.M. It did not appear like a fire in the distance, and at first there was nothing done; but the nature of the glare of light finally became apparent, and the Bath Fire Department was called out by the alarm. The distance and the first misunderstanding made them late, and their services were all unavailing, either to succor the burning inmates or to save the building. The first and second floors, with their flaming contents, fell through to the basement, which was also occupied by some of the doomed inmates.
     The building burned two or three hours and at daylight there was nothing left standing but the brick walls. All the rest was in a horrible mass of ashes, human bones, iron window gratings, bedsteads and debris. It will be impossible to recover any of the bodies in recognizable form. The ashes of the whole fiften lie buried in the ruins of the burned building, situated about fifteen rods north of the main County House, which was far more valuable, and is fortunately uninjured with its scores of pauper inmates.
     The following are the names, ages and causes of confinement of the deceased male victims:
L. C. FORD, aged forty-eight; fits.
DAVID CURTIS, aged seventy-nine; cripple.
JOHN ALVIAN, aged fifty-eight; cripple.
JOHN MESSENGER, aged eighty-four; old age.
BUEL M. PAGE, aged forty-nine; fits and blind.
     The names of the deceased female victims are:
AXY RANGER, aged twenty-seven; idiot.
BETSEY SMITH, aged sixty-three; idiot.
CHLOE MUDGE, aged sixty-eight; idiot.
JULIA DAVIS, aged thirty-eight; idiot.
ROSA WELCH, aged twenty; idot.
NANCY STONE, aged twenty-six; idot.
ABIGAIL SHULTS, aged sixty-three; old age.
CATHARINE SULLIVAN, aged seventy-one; old age.
JENNIE MILLS, a child of four years.
MARY HEWITT, a child of one year.
     At a late hour the ruins were in complete stillness, under the pall of a very dark night. The place was unmolested, except by the resident mourners, as it is yet too early for the news of the holocaust to have reached the distant friends of the victims. The dread locality will undoubtedly be thronged on Monday, when the Coroner will probably commence the difficult search for some vestige of all that remains of fifteen human beings.
New York Herald (New York, NY) Monday, April 8, 1878; page 7, col. 3.

Bath, N. Y., April 12, 1878.

     The Coroner's jury in the case of the burning of the building for the insane of the Steuben County Poorhouse on Saturday night, and the ices of sixteen lives, after having occupied five days in hearing the testimony of twenty-two witnesses, including the Keeper, Superintendents of the Poor, Supervisors, Poor House Investigating Committee, eight paupers and four physicians reached a verdict to-night. They exonerate Keeper Eli Carrington, censure the citizens of the county and the Board of Supervisors for not having provided safe and suitable accommodations for paupers, and censure the Superintendents of the Poor for not having provided a better mode of egress and fire apparatus, and for not removing the insane incendiary Ford to the asylum. One juryman declares the Supervisors guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree. An appropriation to erect suitable buildings is recommended.
New York Herald (New York, NY) Saturday, April 13, 1878; page 7, col. 4.



     John McEntee, aged 17, on Tuesday night shot and killed his uncle, Peter McEntee, aged 70, near Bath, Steuben county, N.Y. John says his uncle was cruel to him. He was arrested.

New Hampshire Patriot (Concord, NH) Thursday, April 28, 1881; pg. 3.

     BUFFALO, N. Y., July 13. - Oliver H. Rowell of Bath, Steuben county, disappeared last February at Niagara Falls, leaving traces of suicide by jumping over the falls. In May a demand was made upon several co-operative insurance companies in which he was insured for sums aggregating $7000. A body was found in Niagara river and identified as Rowell's, but the companies not being satisfied, detectives were put to work, and through a message from Rowell's wife Rowell was himself discovered alive and well at College Corners, Ohio. He says he resorted to this means of getting rid of his wife, of whom he was tired.
Worcester Daily Spy (Worcester, MA) July 14, 1881; page 1.



     The Memorial Committee of Grand Army of the Republic of Brooklyn has submitted a protest to the Commissioners of Charities against the action of that body in adopting a resolution against the admission of indigent veterans to the county almshouse. The Commissioners took the ground that old soldiers should find an asylum in the State Home in Steuben county.

New York Herald (New York, NY) March 7, 1884; pg. 6.


     THE Republicans of New York have nominated Ira Davenport of Bath, Steuben county, for governor. He is said to be a politician of unblemished character and an honorable man. The Democratic papers speak highly of him, and the Mugwump papers have gone over to his support.
The Idaho Avalanche (Silver City, ID) October 3, 1885; page 2.


The firm of J. & J. C. Robie, dry goods and notions, at Bath, N.Y., assigned yesterday. The failure is supposed to have been caused by the shortage in the accounts of one of the partners as treasurer of the Soldiers' home.
Times-Picayune (New Orleans, LA) Friday, August 5, 1887; pg. 2.


A Deed of Mercy in Time of Danger Brings Its Reward.
     CANANDAIGUA, N.Y., April 19. - W. A. Daniels of Bath, Steuben county, has just come into a fortune of $150,000 under circumstances decidedly romantic. In 1863 he was in charge of a wagon train which was passing along one of the roads of the wilderness. The dense forest was on fire and everything in the rear was doomed to destruction. Charles Davidson, then a lad of 17 years of age, was discovered by Daniels lying by the side of the track of the wagon train. He was seriously wounded and as orders forbade the carrying of any person on the wagon train he was in imminent peril. Helpless from his wounds he called upon Daniels to remove him from danger of burning to death. He believed the end was near, but he was terrified at the prospect of burning to death. Daniels' heart was touched and at the risk of his own liberty if not his life he lifted the lad upon the wagon and carried him to Fredericksburg, where he was placed in a hospital. Davidson lived to become a rich man and to bless Daniels for saving his life, but he could never get him to accept financial assistance, though he was sometimes sorely in need of it. He worked at his trade as a painter
and eked out a moderately comfortable existence, receiving visits from time to time from the man to whom he rendered the greatest service possible upon earth. The other day he was surprised at a visit from Joseph H. Williams, a Chicago attorney, who informed him that he was heir to $150,000 left him by Charles W. Davidson, who lately died at his home in Chicago.
Cleveland Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH) April 20, 1888; pg. 5.
     AMONG the names prominently mentioned and urged with a great deal of earnestness as candidates for judge of the court of appeals on the state ticket this fall is that of Hon. William Rumsey of Bath, Steuben county, now a justice of the supreme court seventh district. Justice Rumsey has a strong backing in his own district, and is greatly admired and respected throughout the state. There is no doubt as to his capacity and fitness for a seat on the court of appeals bench, and should the choice of the state convention fall upon him the honor will not be misplaced. He is learned in the law, of long experience at the bar and on the bench, and comes of a family richly endowed with legal genius, his father, Justice David Rumsey, having held a place in the supreme court of the same district for many years. By personal character, long experience and judicial temperament Justice Rumsey is thoroughly equipped for able service in the highest legal tribunal of the state.
The Troy Weekly Times (Troy, NY) Thursday, August 16, 1888; page 5.



How New York Soldiers and Sailors Are Provided For.


Where They May Pass the Evening of Life in Security and Comfort.

     BATH, Steuben county, N.Y., Sept. 9, 1889. – In the controversies over some of ex-President Cleveland’s vetoes of pension bills, and the blatant utterances of Corporal Tanner, people may have come to look upon the Pension Office as the only source of good to the old soldier, overlooking, mayhap, the generous provision made for the veteran at the New York State Soldiers and Sailors’ Home, located near this quaint and rather sleepy old village.

     The initiatory steps for it were taken by the citizens of Bath, and from them were received large donations, among the most liberal being those of ex-Congressman Ira Davenport and the members of his family. On May 7, 1877, the Legislature, by concurrent resolution, authorized the acceptance by the State of a conveyance of the then purchased premises, at which time over $100,000 had been raised and expanded by private subscription.

     In June of that year the corner stone was laid, Henry Ward Beecher delivering the address. During each year since liberal appropriations have been made by the State for the Building and supporting the Home.

     The Home farm lies on both sides of Cohocton River, two miles above Bath. The main buildings are on the west bank and are reached by a tasteful and substantial iron bridge. Two Queen Anne cottages on the left bank are occupied by the adjutant and the surgeon of the Home.

     The farm, a very valuable one, consists of 360 acres, and was formerly owned by W. W. McKay, well known through Steuben county from his connection with the “Pultney Land Office” and the old Steuben County Bank. It consists of alluvial flats on both sides of the river, table land and some rather steep side hills; but the soil is strong, fertile, productive, and for a dozen years past has been thoroughly cultivated. In fact, its products go far toward furnishing rations for the inmates of the Home, especially in the way of milk, green vegetables, potatoes, beets, turnips, onions and the like.

     The old mansion of the premises has been fitted up as the residence of the superintendent. The other buildings are of brick, of pleasing architectural appearance and substantial character, and are quite numerous, consisting of headquarters, chapel, barracks, dining halls, hospital, laundry, bathrooms, greenhouses, library and reading rooms, offices, bakery and various workshops for blacksmiths, shoemakers and tailors, and lastly the Canteen.


     To gain admittance to the Home the applicant must produce an honorable discharge from a New York regiment or prove a year’s residence in the State if honorably discharged from any other State’s troops.

     During the last winter 1,130 veterans were received and cared for, but with the coming on of warm weather many go out for the summer, to return “when the swallows homeward fly,” and not more that 775 are in the Home at this time.

     When admitted the veteran, unless he is an invalid and is sent to the hospital, is mustered into one of seven companies – A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Each company is under command of a sergeant, who is paid $10 a month, and three corporals.

     Each company has its own barracks, where are quarters and dormitories, and also its own day for bathing and laundrying. Each man must take a bath once a week, for which warm and cold water and the best facilities are provided. He is provided with an iron bedstead, with woven wire springs and a good hair mattress, plenty of clean good bed clothes and a tidy locker in which to put his belongings, together with washing and toilet facilities better than are found in most village taverns. The rooms are high, light, clean, airy, and can be ventilated on three sides.


     The main dining hall seats 400. Each man has his seat, to which he is marched under command of his officer, and is waited upon by a detail drafted for that purpose, and everything is done decently and in order.

     Five hundred loaves of good bread are turned out of the immense ovens daily besides stacks of rusks and ginger bread. Fish, pork and good beef (bought on foot and killed on the premises), boiled ham and shoulder, pork and beans, potatoes, onions, cabbages, turnips, beets and the like, with milk, tea and coffee, make up a bill of fare as good as the average farmer or tradesman enjoys at his own table.

     Two full suits of clothing are furnished to the veteran for each year. Men able and willing to work are paid twenty-five cents a day, to be spent according to their own sweet wills. Pensioners receive and use their pension money in the same way, spending it largely in the village for that which cheers and also inebriates.

     The reading rooms are spacious, well lighted and in winter are well warmed. Here are taken all the New York dailies, the current magazines and a large number of country journals. The library comprises 7,000 volumes.

     The hospitals are provided with the best appliances of the day, and are large, airy rooms, perfectly lighted and ventilated. Numerous wheel chairs, for paralytics and convalescents, and a well supplied dispensary, where prescriptions are put up with scrupulous accuracy and neatness, are salient factors from which I made up a most favorable opinion of the hospital service. Taking into account the age, generally unsettled habits and early exposure of the inmates the death rate is exceptionally small.

     Another pleasant feature of the Home is a quite extensive greenhouse, well filled with rare and beautiful plants and flowers, and maintained without expense to the State.


     The Canteen is relatively of a late day and was provocative of much adverse comment and active opposition, for in it, under official supervision, are sold beer, lager and ale, tobacco, cigars and cigarettes. In fact, its establishment was only tentative at first, but it has proved itself worthy to become a permanent feature of the Home.

     From the profits of the Canteen the New York dalies, current magazine, extra work on the gun house and expenses of a fine band are paid for.


     Thirty-nine hundred veterans have enjoyed the comforts of the Home since its organization. About 450 have died, and are at rest in a beautiful cemetery on the highlands of the farm. A liberal appropriation for an enlarged dining hall was voted by the last Legislature.

     After eight A.M. any inmate not on the limits can go where he chooses, so that he is back sober by six P.M., when is roll call. If a man is not back on time or habitually violates rules he is “put on the limits,” and is not allowed to go off the grounds for a limited period. Extreme cases of disobedience and violence may cause expulsion.


     The buildings of the Home occupy three sides of a beautifully shaded, well kept plaza or square, several acres in extent, in the centre of which stands a flagstaff, from which the flag of the Union floats every day in the year. Six large brass field pieces are placed en batterie on the west side of the square, one of which is fired at sundown, and at the foot of the flagstaff is a stand, where on fine evenings the band of the Home discourses music of a high order of excellence.

     It is gratifying to every right minded citizen to know that the men who responded so promptly to the call of duty in the perilous times of 1861-1865 – who faced death that the nation might live – may, when heart and strength fail, claim and enjoy all the comforts of our ever increasing civilization, and share all, not as mendicants or paupers, but as a right awarded them by the grateful people of the State of New York.

     That the affairs of the Home are conducted honestly, prudently, kindly and wisely cannot be doubted by any one taking pains to examine for himself, not to mention, the high character of the managers in charge.


     It goes without saying that thorough system and even red tape may be necessary to properly control and care for so many hundred men, lacking the refining and restraining influences of family ties and not all of whom have learned the lessons of self-control and self-respect. The Home contains many such, and that they are at times uneasy and dissatisfied is not a matter of wonder, but of regret.

     As the years go by larger numbers will avail themselves of the shelter of this Home. Twenty-four years have already passed since the last soldier of our vast volunteer army was mustered out. The youngest soldier of 1865 is past middle age today. Another decade will see the final muster out of regiments, brigades and divisions of those now living and make old men of the survivors. With on coming age and growing infirmity will come stronger necessity and longing for a home, and thus until the last veteran answers the final roll call the shelter and beneficence of that home will be required and ungrudgingly given.

     An excellent opportunity to inspect the Home will be offered on the occasion of the thirty-seventh annual fair of the Steuben County Agricultural Society, which will be held here September 17, 18, 19 and 20, when by the courtesy of General Rogers, the superintendent, and the local trustees, all visitors will be welcomed to the commodious buildings and tastefully ornamented grounds in which our veterans are privileged to pass their declining years. For those who have friends in the Home it will be a pleasant demonstration of the gratitude of New York State to those who risked their lives at the call of patriotism to witness a dress parade of the 1,200 inmates on the broad green lawn overlooking the lovely Cohocton.

New York Herald (New York, NY) September 10, 1889; pg. 11.

A Bath Lawyer Hangs Himself.
     BATH, N.Y., Oct. 7. - A. Hadden, a prominent lawyer of Corning, went to his cottage on Lake Keuka and tried to hang himself in his boat house. He was discovered before life was extinct and cut down. He has been for years in poor health. Lately he has been in a depressed state of mind on account of business cares. Dr. Nichols has no hope of his recovery.
Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) October 7, 1889; page 1.


Bath Gets a Bath, Too.
     BATH, N.Y., Sept. 11. - A heavy rain has prevailed here for twenty-four hours. The Cohocton river has overflowed its banks and is as high as during the June flood of 1889. The Lackawanna road lost a bridge near here. They have abndoned their freight trains and are running passenger trains west over the Erie. The Erie has several washouts below here. Bridges have been swept away and considerable damage has been done to the country roads. The Canisteo valley is flooded and the Erie has been unable to get any trains through. Tobacco raisers along the rive flats will be heavy losers.
Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) September 11, 1890; page 1.

*Henry Underwood is visiting in Bath, N.Y.
Jackson Citizen Patriot (Jackson, MI) Friday, July 8, 1892; pg. 6.


Comes to Visit His Son.
     Mr. Hiram Miller, of Bath, Steuben county, N. Y., arrived in Tacoma yesterday evening, intending to spend the summer with his son, Frank J. Miller, of the firm of Delamater & Miller. He came direct from New York, with the exception of a short stop in Wisconsin, where he at one time resided. This is his first visit to the coast and, notwithstnding our extremely late and cold spring, he says we are two months ahead of the Eastern and Middle State.
Tacoma Daily News (Tacoma, WA) Monday, April 17, 1893; page 1.
The Soldiers' Home Crowded.
     BATH, N.Y., Nov. 11. - The superintendent of the Soldiers and Sailors' home has issued a circular notifying veterans that the hame is full to overflowing.
Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) November 11, 1893; page 2.


Beautiful Residence Burned.
     BATH, N.Y., Aug. 15. - The beautiful residence of H. S. Stebbins was burned yesterday.
Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) August 15, 1895; page 3.

Major Robert Stillman Wilcox,

     was born in Bath, Steuben county, New York, April 6, 1846. When 16 years of age, he enlisted in company E, First New York artillery, in which battery he served for fifteen months. At Gaines mills, in front of Richmond, the battery was struck by lightning, and the shot he there received caused him to retire from the service for several months. He re-enlisted in company C, 179th New York infantry, and served to the end of the war. He was twice wounded during his last term of service. After his discharge he went to Binghampton, N. Y., and took a commercial course. Returning to Bath, he engaged in the clothing business, but, after six months, he removed to Chicago, Ill., and entered the employ of Swartout, Kent & Co., clothing dealers. In 1870 he went with Field, Letter & Co., in charge of their cloth and cloak department. In 1872, he accepted the position of cashier, for Race Bros., where he remained until 1881, when he cast his lot with Browning, King & Co. In the fall of 1888, when Browning, King & Co. closed out, S. L. Andrews & Co., who had a clothing store on Fifteenth and Douglas streets, they sent Major Wilcox here from their Chicago store to take charge of the business. After the Andrews stock was sold, Browning, King & Co., took a lease of the premises, put in a stock of their own, with Major Wilcox as manager, and the business has continued there to the present time.
     In January last, Major Wilcox occupied the position of president of the retail bureau of the Commercial club. From this bureau came forth the Omaha Business Men's association, with Major Wilcox as its active and energetic president, and to this association all the credit is due for the success of the fall festivities, and the magnificent work of the Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben.
     Major Wilcox is one of th emost active Grand Army men in Omaha. In 1892, he was commander of U. S. Grant post, No. 110, and is now quartermaster of the post. He has served as aide-de-camp on the commander-in-chief's staff for two years.
Sunday World Herald (Omaha, NE) October 13, 1895; part 1, page 6.


Steuben County’s Centennial Celebration.

     Bath, N.Y., Oct. 3. – The centennial of Steuben county was celebrated here yesterday in connection with the county fair. Twenty thousand people were present. Rev. L. M. Miller of Ogdensburg delivered the opening address, and Hon. J. D. Kernan of New York the address at the unveiling of the monument to the pioneers of Steuben county. An old-fashioned dinner was served to seventy of the oldest inhabitants.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) October 3, 1896; pg. 4.


Mr. Charles A. Haley of Bath, N.Y.; Miss Gertie Page of Brooklyn, N.Y., and Mrs. Griger of New York City, sister of Mrs. Charles R. Douglass, will be the guests of Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Douglass, 318 A street, n. e., during inauguration week.
Washington Bee (Washington, DC), Saturday February 20, 1897; pg. 5.


     Homer R. White of Coudersport, Pa, writes to Wm. E. Curtis of the Record-Herald that on a tombstone in the graveyard at Bath, Steuben county, N. Y., appears the following:
     Here lies Mary Ann at rest,
     With her head on Abraham's breast.
Some wag wrote underneath it:
     It must be nice for Mary Ann,
     But devlish hard on Abraham.
[This epitaph is said to be on a stone in a celebrated graveyard in Abbeville. The Medium probably can tell about it. - Editor The State.]
The State (Columbia, SC) Monday, June 10, 1901; page 4.


Steuben County Committee Finds that the Law Has Been Violated.

     BATH, N.Y., Dec. 5. – The committee of the Steuben County Board of Supervisors, appointed to investigate the charges contained in a resolution of Supervisor Mounce of Hornellsville, that butter and Western beef were purchased for the State Soldiers’ Home in preference to New York State products, reported this afternoon as follows:

     “We found, after talking with the Quartermaster and examining vouchers on file in his office, that large quantities of products are purchased, costing thousands of dollars, raised outside of the State of New York which were in former years produced and purchased within this State.”

     The committee recommends that a copy of the report be mailed to Gov. Odell and to Frank C. Platt, that they may use their influence to have Chapter 32, Laws of 1899, strictly enforced at this institution.

The New York Times (New York, NY) December 6, 1901.


Trustees of a Soldiers' Home Ask for its Restoration.
     Bath, N.Y., Jan. 9. - Resolutions asking Congress to restore the canteen have been passed by the Trustees of the Soldiers' Home here. Major Benjamin McConnell, one of the trustees, said the re-establishment of the canteen was an absolute necessity.
     "It will prevent drunkenness among the inmates of the Home," said Major McConnell. At present the old men obtain liquor in other places. Intoxication results. If we could supply them with pure beer and ale they would remain on the grounds, and we could have them under control all the time.
     "The saloon is the bane of the Army. Old soldiers will drink, and if they cannot get good liquor, they will take bad liquor. This cannot be prevented, and the way to obtain the best results is to establish a drinking place under the supervision of the officers of the institution."
     There are 2,000 old men in the Bath Home.
Times Picayune (New Orleans, LA) January 10, 1908; page 5, cols. 6-7.

     The interesting fact is brought out in Washington dispatch that a veteran of the civil war, 109 years old, is the beneficiary of a senate bill that passed the house a few days ago. The house added an amendment increasing the amount of the pension from $20 to $50 a month.
     The man is Henry J. Dorman, who was born January 10, 1799, in Steuben county, N. Y. He served in the Seventh Michigan cavalry until the end of the war and was wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness. His five sons also enlisted and one died in Libby prison. All are now dead. Dorman now lives with his daughter-in-law in Liberal, Barton county, Mo. He is said to be the oldest veteran of the civil war.
     When it is considered that Dorman was born 11 months before George Washington died, that he was almost old enough to shoulder a musket and march to the front when the war of 1812 broke out and that he was well advanced in age when the war of the rebellion threatened to divide the country, some idea can be obtained of what it means to have lived for 109 years.
Idaho Statesman (Boise, ID) Sunday, March 8, 1908; page 4, 2nd Sect.


Wants Part of Morris Estate.
    Carroll C. Clark of Bath, N.Y., alleges that he is an heir to the estate of Frank W. Morris and not being recognized as such in the findings of the Probate court in determining the heirs of the estate he has taken an appeal from the decision of Judge Jewell to Circuit court.
Grand Rapids Press (Grand Rapids, MI) April 13, 1909; page 2.



Joseph Spagnolia Discloses Details of Murder of Brothers

     Bath, N.Y., Nov. 14. – Joseph Spagnolia, state’s star witness in three trials of five men charged with the slaying of William and Frank Van Cise, escaped today from the Steuben county jail.

     Sheriff Joseph Bailey said when guards went to the cell door at 8 a.m. they found it open and Spagnolia gone. The prisoner either had made a key or had been supplied with one, the sheriff said.

     Sentenced from Elmira on a charge of assault, Spagnolia was serving 10 years’ sentence in Auburn when he summoned Steuben county authorities and disclosed the story that resulted in the arrest of five men four years after the slaying.

     William and Frank Van Cise were found dead on their desolate farm home near Addison, N.Y., in 1932. In the subsequent three first-degree murder trials the state has charged the brothers were slain during a robbery.

Times-Picayune(New Orleans, LA) Monday, November 15, 1937; pg. 8.


Old County Fair

     The Steuben County Fair, at Bath, N.Y., established in 1818, is the oldest county fair in the nation.

Trenton Evening Times (Trenton, NJ) May 2, 1968; pg.35.