Civil War Era Newspaper Tidbits



1861
     It will be remembered that soon after the battle of Bull Run, Dr. Hagadorn, of Bath, Steuben county, went beyond our lines on the Potomac in search of his son, who was reported wounded and left on the field. The Doctor fell into the hands of the Rebels and has been a prisoner with his son until now. A private dispatch from Washington announces that the Doctor has returned to that city, but the young man is still detained at Richmond. Mr. Ely was well when Dr. Hagadorn left Richmond.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) November 21, 1861; pg. 2.
THE EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS.
From the Rochester Democrat and American.
     During the first month after the battle of Bull Run, a portion of the prisoners taken to Richmond discussed the policy of sending a petition to Washington urging that steps be taken for an exchange. Some of them apposed any expression on the subject on the ground that it might conflict with and perhaps embarass the Government, while others contended that it was proper to make known their wishes, and to ask for an exchange if it could be effected without yielding any point deemed essential in the controvery with the Rebels. A petition was finally drawn and signed. The prisoners also addressed a communication to Jeff. Davis, to which an answer was returned by his Secretary of War. It is evident from this document that the Rebel leaders do not intend to exchange prisoners unless it can be effected in a way which they will claim as a recognition of their bogus "Confederacy." Mr. Walker professes high regard for the "rules of civilized warfare," but such professions are worth nothing. Jeff. Davis, who dictated this hypocritical document, has since directed that thirteen of the highest officers now in confinement be transferred to felon's cells, and a gallows erected for their execution, although it is not pretended that they are guilty of any crime. It is an attempt to extort by terror, and threats against innocent men, what they know they have no right to demand as a right. What they seek is to be addressed as the "Confederate States of America," and this, we apprehend, is a point they will not gain. Those who have so long been kept in confinement for the purpose of being used to extort a concession or a recognition would not ask or desire a release upon conditions which would compromise the Governement.
     The following is the Rebel Secretary's reply, as furished to us by Dr. Hagadorn, of Bath, one of the most recently released prisoners at Richmond:
WAR DEPARTMENT, CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA, RICHMOND, August 20, 1861.}
To Dr. S. Hagadorn, Clark Rodman, William Stewart and Orderly Sergeant John Hoskins, for and on behalf of fifty other, Prisoners of War, taken in arms against the Confederate States of America:
     Your various communications addressed to the President of the Confederate States of America and to this department praying for your discharge on parole, or for an arrangement with the Government at Washington by which you may be exchanged for Confederate States prisoners held by that Government, have been duly read and considered.
     It does not comport with the policy of this Government to discharge any more of its prisoners upon parole, in view of the fact that proceedings are even now being instituted in the courts of New York, through which a large number of persons, so discharged, are sought to be furnished with a subterfuge under which they may again enlist and enter the field against our peace and safety. But, not only have the petitions which some of your fellow prisoners have addressed to the Government at Washington, praying to be exchanged, been forwarded to that Government, but the President of the Confederate States of America has also addressed to that Government a communication proposing an exchange of prisoners, in accordance with the uniform and universal rule of civilized warfare. The Government at Washington have not thought proper to respond either to the one or to the other; that Government have, so far, ignored your existence. If this Government have chosed to pursue towards you, within the limits of a proper regard for their own society, the course of civilization and common humanity, it is because our people have been taught from infancy to practice kindness and generosity towards a disarmed and fallen adversary, and would not countenance in their Government a departure from these Christian teachings. It is grateful to this Government to be able to meet the sentiments of its citizens; we must, however, under these circumstances, retain you as hostages. This is required by the inexorable necessities forced upon the Government of the Confederate States of America by the United States, and to satisfy that fixed sense of justice acknowledged by all mankind. You must, therefore, direct your appeals to the Government at Washington, under the assurance that the Government of the Confederate States of America, having due sympathy for your situation, will hold itself open to a proposition for an exchange of prisoners, according to the custom of Christian nations, and the usages of civilized warfare.
(copy.)
L. W. WALKER
Secretary of War.
Albany Evening Journal (Albany, NY) December 2, 1861; pg. 2.

1862
THE WOUNDED SOLDIERS.
List of New-York Soldiers Brought to Washington-street Hospital, Alexandria, Va., on the 31st of August and 1st of September, from the Late Battle-Fields of Virginia.
     James A. Allen, Co. G., 86th N.Y.V., Canisteo, Steuben Co. – Shoulder.
     Wm. E. Barrett, Co. D., 23d N.Y.V., Corning, Steuben Co. – leg.
The New York Times (New York, NY) September 5, 1862.
     THE Steuben Courier says that one man walked forty miles to claim exemption from draft on the ground of inability to endure long marches and the hardships of camp life.
Jamestown Journal (Jamestown, NY) December 5, 1862; pg 2.


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