Source: "THE 25TH OHIO VET. VOL. INFANTRY IN THE WAR FOR THE UNION"
By Edward C. Culp
Late Lieut. Colonel 25th Ohio, and Brevet Colonel United States Volunteers
Topeka, Kansas: Geo. W. Crane & Co., Printers and Binders 1885
Transcribed by Peggy Thompson
The matter contained in the following pages was prepared while we were yet in the field, upon the days immediately following our marches and battles, while in camp or bivouac, or during the long season of rest upon Folly and Hilton Head Islands.
I have revised it twice since the war, but still feel as if I was giving a very unsatisfactory history of the gallant old Regiment, and regret that its preparation has not fallen into abler hands.
Our Regiment was raised from so many portions of the State, that we have been unable to meet in annual reunions, which would have been the means of correcting many errors, especially in names. Our members are now scattered over the Western States to the Pacific Coast, but I have endeavored to get as many names as possible, with the present post office address, and will have them added in an appendix to this volume.
I am indebted to many of the old comrades for information asked for at different times during the past two years, and still ask for correction in names and dates, which will be noted for a second edition.
This book is only a plain record of events, with no attempt at humor, and will only be of interest to those who participated in the changing fortunes of the Regiment, or those others whose sons and brothers went out with us, never to return in this life.
E. C. C.
Salina, Kas., March 10, 1885
TO SAMUEL M. ROBINSON, ESQ., OF PLYMOUTH, OHIO
The Firm and Steadfast Friend of Every Boy In the Village, and Whose Heart Beat in Union with Every Soldier in Camp and Field, and Whose Name is Enshrined in our Memory Forever, This Little Volume is Affectionately Inscribed.
Organization of the Regiment - Assignment of Companies
When the President's call for "three years men" was issued, in the early part of May, 1861, many of the 'three months" companies still remained in various camps throughout the State, with no prospect of assignment to duty in the field.
These companies were given the privilege of re-enlisting for "three years, or during the war," and such as accepted the offer were immediately consolidated into regiments, placed in camp, and drilled and disciplined for active service.
Among the regiments thus organized was the 25th Ohio Infantry, which, with the 23d, 24th and 26th Ohio, formed the brigade in Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, early in June, 1861.
Some of the companies, as before mentioned, had originally enlisted for three months, and had at first gone into camp in Camp Taylor, Cleveland, Ohio.
When the 25th Ohio was organized offers of companies poured in so fast that none but the very largest were accepted; and frequently the captain of one company would think himself fortunate in securing the position of first lieutenant, by fusing his company with another - thus bringing the number to the maximum (101), which warranted a speedier muster in and consequently an earlier assignment to a regiment, and active service.
Owing to this patriotic "rush to arms," regiments were not raised from one section of the State, but were composed of men from all parts, as many as sixty counties being represented in a single regiment.
This was the condition of affairs in the 25th, which was, however, remarkably fortunate in its assignment of companies, and the character of its officers, who were, as a rule, gentlemen of culture, and some of them of considerable experience in army matters, having creditably served in the war with Mexico. The enlisted men of the regiment were above the average in intelligence and social standing. The majority were young men, and it is safe to say that the average age of the Regiment was not over twenty-one. Ninety percent of the occupations were embraced in teaching, farming, book-keeping and clerks.
On the 28th of June, 1861, the last company required to complete the regimental organization was mustered into service, when the regiment presented the following roster:
Colonel - James A. Jones, Norwalk
Lieut. Colonel - Wm. P. Richardson, Woodsfield
Major - George Webster, Steubenville
Surgeon - Louis G. Meyer, Cleveland
Asst. Surgeon - Lawrence G. Andrews, Toledo
Chaplain - Zachariah Ragan, Steubenville
Adjutant - Wm. L. Hoyt, Norwalk
Quartermaster - Andrew J. Hale, Fremont
Sergeant Major - Robert F. Jackson, New London
Q. M. Sergeant - Abner J. Phelps, Mansfield
Com. Sergeant - Samuel P. Houston, Summerfield
Hospital Steward - Oliver W. Williams, Tiffin
Prin. Musician - Ad. J. Hess
Sutlers - Wm. Jordan and Wilson Askew
Company A - St. Clairsville
Captain, James F. Charlesworth
First Lieut., Wm. Askew; Second Lieut., Arthur Higgins
First Sergeant, John D. Koontz; Sergeants, Wm. B. Wright, Zenas Smith, Henry Johnson, Israel White.
Corporals: Buret McConnaughy, Wm. H. Spear, James Mellor, Thomas W. Fowler, Abram Heed, Robert Kennedy, Hiram Nicholl, Thos. H. Ferrel.
Privates: William Allum, Joseph Acres, George W. Bayless, William F. Bloor, Alexander Barrett, Joseph Boggs, Levi Butler, Elias Baile, James C. Bolan, Joshua Burkhead, Leander J. Beall, Samuel Beall, Daniel J. Crooks, Wm. H. Crisswell, George Coss, John Conway, James E. Clifford, Robert Creighton, John T. Crowe, Hugh Donally, Reuben Donnelly, Robert M. Fulton, Robert A. Fowler, Samuel Glasgow, Philip Gable, Joseph Gallagher, John W. Holland, Eli Hawker, Samuel Henry, John R. Hedge, Charles Hoober, William Harrison, Hiram J. Hahn, George W. Iden, Drewer C. Iveson, Benjmain R. Johnson, Andrew M. Jeffers, James Justus, Charles H. King, James Kelley, John W. Kent, Dewitt C. Kinney, Josephus I. Kinney, Patrick Kaine, Wm. Kinden, Wm. T. Lockwood, Henry Lambert, John Lebold, John McMillen, John McConnell, George D. W. McPherson, James McMullen, Samuel McCrubm, Jacob McCabe, John McKirahan, Thomas McBride, George W. McBride, Michael Murray, Robert H. Miller, Henry Meek, Jesse C. Patterson, Levi Ryan, James Russell, John Richards, Emanuel L. Riley, Josephus I. Riol, Wm. C. Ranking, Nathaniel Sutton, Charles Smith, Samuel R. Stewart, Ignatius Tillett, Wm. F. Tolbert, Samuel Tolbert, Hezekiah Thomas, George W. Verbeck, Simon L. Voorheis, John Weyer, Robert Wright, James G. Whittle, Henry C. White, Wm. H. White, Wm. A. Whitcraft, John Zaone.
COMPANY B. - WOODSFIELD
Captain, James Washburn
First Lieut, Charles B. Jones; Second Lieut., John D. Merryman
First Sergeant, Alston C. Archbold; Sergeants, George W. Martin, James I. Carrothers, Slater B. Brock, Thomas A. Masters
Corporals: James D. McMunn, James A. Driggs, Hugh McConville, Henry H. Moose, Samuel Trigg, John E. Hill, Elias Hoffman, Barney Powell.
Musicans, Wm. S. Shaner, John A. Hoffman
Wagoner, Apollo Wells
Privates: John O. Archbold, Michael Archer, Isaac Beaver, Daniel Berry, John Brown, Ebenezer L. Boughner, Charles beck, Fred J. Beck, Elijah Brown, Joseph Brown, Mark Brown, James M. Bowman, Wm. R. Bowman, Joshua Brown, Charles T. Chase, Thomas Cain, Stephen Conger, James D. Coffman, John B. Driggs, Peter Dailey, John W. Doherty, John C. Duff, Wm. Elliger, John Easthorn, Martin L. Folwell, Augustus Fierhelder, Henry H. Ford, Phineas Gano, Wm. M. Green, Reason House, Samel B. Hurd, Joseph J. Hopten, Abram Hayden, Duncan Highman, John M. Hinds, Patrick L. Hamilton, David A. Hollingsworth, Cornelius N. Jones, Henry Jones, Ralph T. Jeffrey, Benjamin Keene, Levi Keadle, Andrew J. Lloyd, Garwood P. Lacy, Benton Longwell, Mark Lawrence, David Lowe, Elias Lowther, Wm. M. Lowther, Wm. N. Long, Robert Marriner, Nathan Morris, Wm. Moffatt, Thomas Moffatt, Perry Moffat, Newlin C. Mercer, John J. Moose, Daniel Norfolk, John Osborn, Samuel Prescott, John L. Patten, John L. Pratt, Samuel Rhynard, Frederick Rose, Robert Rutherford, Isaac Rucker, Oliver P. Smith, James Snyder, Wesley B. Sultzer, Sylvester Sultzer, James C. Sultzer, Wm. H. Stine, Joseph Stewart, Wm. Smith, Harrison Stilt, Charles Twinum, James Trigg, John H. Twaddle, Charles G. Troy, Sylvanus Ullum, Joshua B. Vaughn, Anthony Wheeler, Samuel White, John White.
COMPANY C - WOODSFIELD
Captain, Jeremiah Williams
First Lieut., William P. Richner; Second Lieut., Francis M. Sinclair
First Sergeant, Nathaniel J. Manning; sergeants, Wm. J. Ackers, William Craig, Alexander Sinclair, William Kast.
Corporals: Oscar F. Little, Abraham Tisher, Wm. Henthorn, John W. Harrison, James M. Barker, Alexander Drum, James M. Cunningham, Wm. G. Teese.
Musicians, Ad J. Hess, John Walton
Wagoner, George W. Henderson
Privates: Francis Armstrong, Henry Armway, Herman Buckleman, Andrew Boston, Elijah Becket, George Beach, Martin V. Barnes, Jacob H. Bailey, Thomas Batton, Wm. H. Batton, William Batton, Smith Bodkins, Benoni Bennett, Albert Cavanaugh, Jesse Campbell, Samuel Coppersmith, John T. Cunningham, Jonathan Dunn, Wm. R. Drum, Joseph Dixon, John Frey, George Frick, August Fisher, John W. Fisher, Christian Frankhauser, Wm. Fallon, Thomas Grisell, Alonzo P. Henthorn, Lafayette Henthorn, Samuel Hutchison, Isaac Hutchinson, Jeremiah Hicks, William Hamilton, Alexander E. Holland, Thomas B. Hudson, Isaac N. Headley, John Hall, John W. Haskins, James L. Hopper, Isaac Johnson, Harvey L. Jeffreys, Wm. J. Kelley, Franklin Long, Henry M. Link, Jacob H. Lorcall, Robert Longwell, John A. Luke, Alexander W. Lowe, Lewis Mason, John McCollister, Isaiah Masters, James B. McPeek, Aaron Noland, Joseph P. Noll, Henry Nunn, John W. Pearce, Uriah Province, James Province, Amida Province, Albert Pratt, Christian Resecker, Charles T. Riley, Peter Ryan, James L. Richardson, Mortimer Smith, Francis Schonhart, Joseph Sill, Washington Smith, Franics Schonhart, Joseph Sill, Washington Swallow, Solomon Suter, Charles W. Terry, John Tisher, John F. Thonen, Marion Y. Thornberry, Sylvanus Williams, George W. Wisiner, Lewis E. Wilson, Frederick Woodtler, Peter Yohe.
COMPANY D - RICHLAND, HURON AND FAYETTE COUNTIES
Captain, Aaron C. Johnson
First Lieut., Darius Dirlam; Second Lieut., Archibald McClellen,
First Sergeant, Robert F. Jackson; Sergeants, Edward C. Culp, Ami P. Fairbanks, Wm. B. Fleming, Hiram Ward.
Corporals: Levi D. Vinson, Daniel S. Coe, Henry Stedwell, Myron Webber, Wm. W. Banning, Flavius J. Heller, Benjamin S. Mallory, John B. Ward.
Musicians, John B. Wells, Benjamin Harrison
Wagoner, George Dunks
Privates: George W. Armstrong, Charles Alwine, Anderson Blue, George Bracey, John M. Beelman, Albert N. Bradley, Theodore Brown, Newton A. Briggs, Wm. H. Brown, Frank Bisel, Cicero H. Boden, Othro W. Byrood, William D. Banks, George W. Crawford, Robert B. Cumpton, Wesley B. Cummings, Warren Collins, James L. Clark, John Crawford, George H. Clock, Clark O. Childs, Calvin A. Day, Wm. Duff, Nathaniel S. Davis, Wm. F. Fisher, Samuel Fleck, Joseph Ferguson, Lewis Ferman, Alphonzo E. Gregory, Thomas Grimes, Frederick Henick, David Houghtlin, Edward D. Hubbell, Benjamin F. Jones, Thomas Jones, Charles Jesson, John E. Jameson, Samuel Keifer, George Kester, Frank B. Lockwood, Lewis M. Lewis, Nicholas H. Lickliter, Geo. Logan, Morris McGregor, Lyman May, James M. McBride, Alfred Meeker, James Nesbit, Alfred Noacker, Nathaniel C. Osborn, James N. Pulver, Emanuel Ribblets, Charles C. Rodier, Samuel Reed, George Rumsey, Wm. Roberts, Fred Schnauffer, Jeremiah Snyder, Samuel Sutler, John M. Sparks, John H. Sharrett, Jesse Sharrett, John R. Smithson, Wm. S. Straley, John Truxell, William Underwood, John Vaughn, Clark F. Wright, Wm. White.
COMPANY E - FREMONT
Captain, Moses H. Crowell
First Lieut., John W. Bowlus; Second Lieut., Andrew J. Hale
First Sergeant, Elisha Biggerstaff; sergeants, Chas. Ladd, David R. Hunt, Carrington E. Randall, George N. Holcomb.
Corporals: Lewis H. Bowlus, Cyrus Odell, John A. Stump, William Herring, Howard Carmon, Daniel Hubble, James Clark, Jacob P. Thomas.
Musicians, Robert H. Culley, Benj. S. Gilmore.
Wagoner, Clinton Walters
Privates: George W. Alger, Geo. F. Alfred, John Bigley, James Bacon, Frederick T. Beagle, Henry Barnup, James W. Barnes, Charles Cimmerer, Elbridge Comstock, Frederick Cannell, Charles Caul, George W. Cleland, Thomas E. Coalwell, Samuel H. Deselems, Andrew J. Davis, George Dugan, Samuel Edgar, John Everingham, Isaiah Eastlick, George C. Edgerton, Josiah Fought, Samuel Frontz, August Freet, John Ferrell, Frederick Guilger, Joseph Hess, Monta Heath, Harvey N. Hall, Thomas C. Hemmiger, Wm. L. Hutton, Thomas Howell, John Q. Hutchins, Frederick Halderman, Oliver P. Hershey, Virgil Jacobs, John Jell, George Kessler, John Knappenberger, Jesse Little, John Leary, John Loose, Lawrison Marsh, Joseph Mitchell, Wm. Mensor, Lucius Marsh, Darius Minnier, John Minnier, Peter Molyet, Wm. H. Mackey, John P. Merris, Lewis Moorer, Michael Mulgrove, Orlando L. Mills, Harrison J. Meyers, Peter Miller, Isaac Nye, Hiram Odell, Hiram Ostrander, Richard D. Phelps, Alexander Pemberton, John E. Rearick, Joseph Riddle, Lewis Robber, Frederick Schultz, Wm. R. Stump, Alfred F. Stump, Abednego Stevens, Norton G. Skinner, Joel Sphon, Levi S. Stewart, Henry Smuck, Florence Smith, Alexander Scott, Benjamin Stahley, Charles Slaughterbeck, Edward J. Teeples, Christopher J. Thayer, John Tweedle, Decatur Whitney, George D. Wormwood, Joseph Wright, Lewis Zeigler.
COMPANY F - STEUBENVILLE
Captain, John F. Oliver
First Lieut., John W. Ross; Second Lieut., James Templeton.
First Sergeant, Joseph H. Hollis; Sergeants, Peter Yarnell, John F. Thompson, James M. Jones, Wm. Maloney.
Corporals: William Bougher, Samuel P. Huston, William M. Stager, Wm. Gassaway, George A. Aubert, David C. Zugler, Wilson H. Peterson, Emile A. Huston.
Musicians, Jacob A. Crabill, Benjamin F. Crabill
Wagoner, Israel Brown
Privates: Florence Airman, Geo. M. Aulter, John Armstrong, John Barrett, John Brownlee, Patrick Burke, David Casteel, Michael Cantwell, Albert V. H. Clark, Charles L. Collin, Wm. L. Cooper, James Collins, Samuel Crawford, Josiah O. Curl, James Conroy, Emanuel P. Dotson, Edward Dunn, Frederick Eberheart, Solomon Ebersole, Samuel M. Forrester, Edwin O. Forrester, Jonathan C. Fuller, John A. Garrison, John F. Grange, Henry Greer, John T. Hancock, Geo. Harmon, George W. Horner, Wm. H. Irwine, Gustav Kolby, John Larkins, Theodore E. Lodge, Thomas Long, John C. Maxwell, John Meeker, Jerome P. Miller, Israel Miller, Josiah H. Meredith, Andrew Moffat, James Mooney, Barnard McLaferty, Thomas Nolen, John O. Neal, Wm. P. Parrish, John P. Parrish, Samuel Price, Leander Proviner, Stephen Point, John Pool, John I. Roberts, John Ruddicks, John H. Saunders, David P. Scott, James Schallett, John Serrels, James S. Shannon, Wm. F. Shannon, Alexander Shannon, Basil C. Shields, Isaac H. Smith, Moses Sweeney, Franklin D. Steetson, John Tucker, John H. Veite, Levi M. wells, Joseph H. White, Hugh Wilson.
COMPANY G - SENECA, MUSKINGUM AND JEFFERSON COUNTIES
Captain, Asa Way
First Lieut, Wesley Chamberlain; Second Lieut., Benjamin W. Blandy
First Sergeant, John A. Perky; Sergeants, John H. Milliman, John Fenton, Omer P. Norris, Alfred A. Lamkin.
Corporals: Herbert G. Ogden, Wesley Milliman, Blydon H. Boyce, Edward P. Wilcox, Samuel Baughman, Andrew D. Stewart, John C. Livensparger, Geo. S. Ogden.
Privates: Moses Cram, Amender Eaton, Eli F. Beard, Rush P. Baldwin, Irwin W. Bergerstreser, Andrew J. Ames, William Burgess, John Benny, George Bair, Joseph Bush, John J. Cummings, Edward Considine, Andrew J. Crosley, William W. Chamberlain, Thomas Cuthbertson, John Cole, Josiah Downs, John N. Dickin, Joseph Dyerman, William H. Ephraim, John Ewalt, John D. Fisher, John Gallagher, Wm. H. Gulick, Geo W. Greeling, Leander W. Gaddis, Charles V. Harrison, Geo. Hany, Isaac S. Hill, John R. Hill, Michael Harris, James C. Houston, William Jackson, John C. Kirley, Elijah S. Karns, Wm. J. Kyle, Noah Kenser, Joseph Kuldenbach, Simon L. Kahn, Francis A. Lumbar, Jacob Lips, Robert Langmore, Thomas Lotz, George Longstreet, Oliver C. Langmore, Adolphus Meyer, William T. Maher, William Miller, James Mackey, George W. McVicar, WM. McMillen, Ruiah Magee, James Male, Thomas J. Meyers, James T. Moore, Martin V. B. Miller, Daniel Metzger, Leonard K. Nye, Charles C. Norple, Samuel Ogbern, Gilbert T. Ogden, Wm. Pancost, Charles T. Robinson, Melvin O. Robinson, William Robinson, John W. Smith, Conrad Smith, John G. Sparks, John Steel, Charles Silcox, Wm. H. Swigert, William Steel, Silas Sturky, James W. Simpkins, Isaac Troxel, George Taylor, Matthew Teach, John Troutfelter, John Veurick, Wm. Walker, Martin V. B. Wolf, James T. Williams, George White, Edgar A. Way, George Whitson, Oliver W. Williams, John W. Wallace.
COMPANY H - McCONNELLSVILLE
CAPTAIN, Lewis R. Green
First Leiut., Francis A. Davis; Second Lieut., John T. Wood
First Sergeant, George Newmand; Sergeants, Samuel McCaslin, John L. Cox, Michael F. Danforth, Wm. M. Metcalf.
Corporals: Robert S. Russell, Wm. Barrell, James S. Wiley, Luther Flagg, Wm. D. Davis, Wm. H. Bundy, Wm. F. Dunn, Zachariah T. Roach
Musican, Lewis R. Brent
Wagoner, Eli Pyle
Privates: John Burral, Cornelius Burral, Dempsey Boswal, Grifett Butler, Alvin N. Burlingham, Wm. Chadwick, Alfred G. Cornelius, George Clements, David Craig, Thomas J. Cooper, James Castor, Wm. Camden, John S. Dunn, Oscar J. Dunn, Jesse M. Davis, John F. Davis, Benjamin Dawson, John Darnel, Zeno F. Davis, Barzelia F. Eavealand, John C. Edwards, Jefferson Fouts, Thomas Foster, Wm. L. Fouts, William Gellespie, John W. Grier, Samuel M. Gordon, Levi Golden, Joseph Harkins, Cyrus Harman, David Hartley, John Hiett, Jacob W. Hatton, Hiram Hughes, John W. Horseman, Isaac P. M. Kean, Blair Kincaid, George W. Lochner, James Martin, William H. Menderhall, Samuel Mason, Levi McLaughlin, Silas Noland, Henry W. Outcalt, John T. Paitner, Greenberry Penn, Cyrus Police, Jacob Palmer, James A. Roland, George Reed, george W. Reed, George Raymond, Robert W. Spurrier, Thomas Sheets, Peter Smith, William L. Smooth, William Pedro, Franklin Thompson, John E. Timberlake, Theodore Timberlake, William Work, Oran Wheeler, John Woodward, Amos Wilcox, James S. Welch, John D. Wizner, Philip D. Wizner, James T. Woodman, Isaac N. Young, Wm. T. Yeaton.
COMPANY I - SUMMERFIELD
Captain, John M. Moseley
First Lieut., James A. Pettay; Second Lieut., Joseph L. Ball
First Sergeant, Edward Ellis; Sergeants, William A. Allen, Thomas H. Timberlake, John S. Snyder, Samuel G. Shirk.
Corporals: Harrison Wilson, Francis M. Sheckle, Jacob L. Barnett, Andrew J. Collins, Joseph S. Perry, Samuel T. Calland, John Harlam, Westly McConnell.
Privates: Howard Atherton, John M. Ashfield, George W. Altop, Wm. H. Brown, Wm. J. Brown, Jenney Breach, Samuel J. Brooks, Benjamin Barlow, William C. Barlow, James C. Bassford, John W. Bunting, Thomas Butning, John W. Beall, Thomas Barnes, Wallace H. Cooley, John W. Calvert, Samuel Clary, Joseph Cunningham, Zachariah Dailey, Elisha Dunn, George W. Dobbins, Kins. Davis, Emanuel De Noon, Merace T. Floyd, Reuben E. Gant, William Gant, Francis R. Gant, Isaac Harper, Hollis Hutchins, John H. Houston, Samuel W. Houston, Lorenzo D. Hill, Howard Hallett, Jonathan Hayden, William A. Johnson, John H. Johnson, Philip M. Jones, Nelson C. Lovett, Edward T. Lovett, Noah H. Lindsey, Archeleus Lingo, Stephen Loveall, David Logan, Isaac M. Kirk, Wm. McBride, James H. McBride, David McConnell, James W. McWilliams, David McCollock, James McKitrick, Adam S. Ninicle, Henry Miller, Joseph P. Oliver, Isaac Powell, Seneca C. Rogers, John T. Rhodes, Jube M. Rhodes, Benjamin F. Rickey, James Rutherford, John W. Rucker, Harrison Shaw, Wm. H. Shaw, Aspberry, Stephens, Chester T. Stills, John J. Smith, Wm. S. Smith, Thomas Smartwood, George Shaffer, Henson W. True, McDonald Thorley, Wilbert B. Teters, Joseph Wilson, Isaac Wilson, Friend P. Wilson, Archibald Wiley, Wm. F. Wiley, Arthur Wharton, Wm. Wharton, Charles Weinstein.
Captain, Jonathan Brown.
First Lieut., Nathaniel Haughton; Second Lieut., Harlow Milliken.
First Sergeant, Edward H. Severance; Sergeants, Erwin F. Carver, Wm. F. Scott, John J. Worts, John H. Kehn.
Corporals: Lewis F. Shannon, Joseph Houston, John W. Forbs, Wm. H. Fenton, Charles Oeckel, Marcus L. Decker, Edwin B. Buckner, Wm. Hadnett.
Musician, Wm. H. Ritch.
Wagoner, Austin Haughton.
Privates: John H. Brisco, James Ben way, Martin Bender, George Brown, James E. Bridge, John Baker, Charles O. Baker, John H. Bolesmeyer, Lawrence Burns, Christ. Bauman, Lewis C. Boegholt, Calvin A. Carpenter, Westley H. Cooper, Charles M. Cass, George T. Copeland, Charles H. Conger, Reginald Crawford, Mel Cameron, William Carroll, John A. Church, Charles Chollette, Thomas Dunn, Maynard H. Dean, Thomas Delvin, Charles H. De Bolt, Reuben Drippard, Conrad Daum, Lewis Emery, Christian E. Evans, John H. Flinn, Charles Ferrenbock, Chauncey M. Griffith, James D. Groff, Orlando Gray, Daniel D. Grover, Burton S. Hayes, George A. Hyck, Andrew J. Hutchins, James W. Hall, Michael Hurlbert, Jim. S. Halloway, Anthony Jeremy, James Jones, August Knack, William T. Ketchum, Enos Kameron, Clark Kelley, John Klinck, Shepherd Lewis,Frederick Lang, Peter Matthews, Charles T. Millhollin, Emil L. Marx, Lewis Miller, John Mortal, James Moran, James W. Metzger, Joseph Millett, Enos W. Miner, Deville Kelson, Thomas O'Neal, George W. Page, George H. Palmer, Harlem Page, John Patton, Edward Peck, Thomas Pose, James P. Smith, Charles A. Smith, Pichard M. Sherman, John Segrist, John Stoker, Wester H. Shaffer, Lyman B. Stone, Peter Triquant, Augustus Tebeau, Wm. I. Town, John B. Viers, Lemuel E. Yiers, David S. Viers, William Yickery, Henry J. Welling, George Wenzle
Lieut. A. J. Hale, of Company E, was appointed Quartermaster, and Benjamin F. Hawks was appointed by the Governor to fill the vacancy. Although the Pegiment was only a few days in service, its organization had been complete, and the appointment of Hawks to the vacancy in Company E was looked upon with much disfavor in that company, and the feeling largely sympathized with by the balance of the Pegiment.
Lieut. Hawks was an excellent officer, and well qualified, as he afterwards proved, to fill any position in the Pegiment; but the feeling against his appointment was so marked, that he shortly afterwards was detailed from the Regiment, at his request, and soon resigned. He afterwards served in the Adjutant General's Department, and was at one time Lieut. Colonel of the 78th Ohio.
Preparations - Off for the War - Guarding B. & O. R. R. - First March - Cheat Mountain - Green Briar.
The Regiment remained in Camp Chase, daily improving a drill and discipline, until the 27th of July, 1861, when, having secured arms, smooth-bore muskets, excepting the flank companies, which were armed with Enfield rifles, it marched from camp to the union depot, at Columbus, and took the cars for Virginia.
The 23d and 24th left on the two preceding days, and the 26th followed the next day.
The 25th made a handsome appearance, being uniformed in gray jackets and trousers, and, already well advanced in regimental drill, attracted very favorable attention as it marched through the streets of Columbus.
During the entire service of the Regiment, one of its distinguishing features, was its easy, regular step, with a slight swinging motion of the body that always attracted favorable comment from reviewing officers. This peculiarity is thought by many to have been acquired from Company A, commanded by Capt. Charlesworth, an old soldier, and one of the best drill masters in the Regiment. From whatever source derived, it remained with the Regiment through all its vicissitudes.
Grafton, Virginia, was reached on the afternoon of the 28th, and Col. Jones was given command of the Grafton District, with headquarters at that place, and the Regiment distributed along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad as follows:
Companies A, F and C - Camp Battery, Grafton
Company I - Fetterman
Company E - Iron R. R. Bridge and Fairmont
Company D - Fairmont and Barracksville
Company K - Farmington and Burnt Bridge
Company H - Mannington and Burton
Company G - Littleton and Belton
Company B - Camron
Company A was afterwards sent to Rowelsburg and Oakland.
The duties performed along the railroad were not particularly arduous, and much time was therefore given to drill, which afterwards proved of great benefit. Several scouting parties were sent out from the different posts, and quite a number of bushwhacking gangs broken up without the loss of the man to the Regiment, and to the great relief of the loyal people of that section. The constant drills, and rapid marches made after bushwhackers, gradually inured the men to the army life, and undoubtedly saved the lives of many, for during the entire war the deaths from disease were trifling compared to other regiments.
On the 21st of August, 1861, the 8th Ohio was ordered to relieve the 25th, which was ordered to report to Brig. Gen. Reynolds, at Huttonsville, fifty-eight miles southwest of Grafton. It left on the same day, going by cars to Philippi, where it remained all night. The next morning early, the Regiment started on its first real march, and made eighteen miles with ease, although a drenching rain fell almost the entire day, rendering the roads heavy, and making necessary the fording of several streams where the water was waist deep. It was five o'clock when the Regiment went into camp at Bealington, and very soon tents were pitched, fires built, and active preparations for supper being made, when a courier came galloping into camp, his horse covered with foam and himself with mud, and with orders for Lieut. Col. Richardson, (commanding in absence of Col. Jones, who remained in command at Grafton,) to push on with the Regiment to Beverly, where an attack was threatened. The sight of the galloping courier had already quickened the blood, and when the bugle immediately sounded the officer's call, every one knew it meant a night march. Six months afterward the coffee, under like circumstances, would have been drank, and the sow belly and hard tack eaten; but upon this occasion the fear was that the war would soon be over, and such a lucky chance to engage the enemy might not again occur. It was a cash prize, to be seized at once; the partly made coffee was thrown upon the ground, frying pans turned upside down, and before the orders were really issued by the regimental commander the tents were being struck; in five minutes' time the Regiment had resumed its march, to the tune of "Old John Brown." We were going over historic ground; where we were marching, the 14th Ohio, a few weeks previous, had an engagement with the rebels, This was early in the war, so it was called the battle of Laurel Hill. But the idea helped and although the rain was coming down steadily, there never were one thousand happier boys than started out on that night march over the mountain range. The mountain streams became foaming torrents, making the fords deep and dangerous. The night set in black as ink, and still the rain poured down. The cheerful laugh and reckless sound gradually died out, excepting from a few fellows with an extra quantity of grit, and they, getting fewer responses, finally lapsed into sobriety. On and on marched the Regiment, every man settling into a dogged determination to last it through. Beverly was reached some time in the early morning and the boys, completely exhausted, did not wait for the wagons to come up with the tents, but threw themselves upon the ground in the rain and mud, and sank into forgetfulness. It was the first march of the Regiment, and it made forty miles in a little over fifteen hours, over mountains, through gorges and ravines, fording deep streams, and with rain constantly falling. Considering the circumstances attending this march, it is justly claimed by members of the Regiment to have been the severest march of the war, made by either side, and that history does not furnish a parallel. After all, the march was useless; the enemy did not put in an appearance, and two days after reaching Beverly, the Regiment marched to Cheat Mountain pass.
The regimental records do not show that a single death resulted from the march to Beverly. This good fortune may be attributed to the hardening process experienced along the Baltimore & Ohio R. R.
On the morning of the 25th August, the right wing of the Regiment marched to the summit of Cheat Mountain, followed the next day by the left, and a camping place was selected. It was indeed a dismal outlook. The 24th Ohio and 14th Indiana where already in camp on the summit, on the right of the pike. The 25th's camp was on the left, and near the fort then being laid out, afterwards completed and known as Fort Gilbert.
The history of the Rebellion furnishes no instances of greater suffering, excepting in rebel prisons, than that experienced by the troops on the summit of Cheat Mountain, in the fall and winter of 1861. One-half the force was daily engaged at work upon the fort, or upon picket duty; for three months rain or snow fell almost daily, and as the men of the 25th were totally unprovided with overcoats and had only light summer suit drawn at Camp Chase, and with one thin blanket each, their sufferings can hardly be imagined. Horses were chilled to death, and one man frozen to death while on picket. While deaths were occuring every day in the 14th Indiana and 24th Ohio, the 25th had its usual good fortune, and lost no member from disease.
Cheat Mountain camp remained comparatively quiet, until the morning of the 12th of September, when a wagon train on its way to the valley for supplies was surprised and captured by a body of rebels. John Truxell, private, of Company D., was driving one of the wagons; he fired twice, killing one man, and severely wounding another, when he fell mortally wounded, being the first man in the Regiment killed in an engagement with the enemy. One of the teamsters escaping brought news of the attack, and Companies H and D were immediately sent in pursuit of the rebels, and were soon engaged skirmishing, and upon being reenforced by companies from the 24th Ohio and 14th Indiana, drove the enemy to the main body, which was in position between the summit and the valley. About this time, another attack was made from the Green Briar road, and appearances soon indicated that the camp was entirely surrounded. Prisoners brought in during the afternoon by Company D stated that the enemy numbered 10,000 and were under the command of General Robert E. Lee. Col. Kimball, of the 14th Indiana, commanding the brigade, immediately made preparations for a vigorous defense. All men not capable of the most arduous duties, were placed in the defenses; the tents and standing obstructions removed, and all available men thrown as skirmishers into the dense growth of pines and laurels. For eight days, skirmishing was almost continuous, and the enemy appeared surprised at the apparent strength of the position. On the eighth day, reenforcements arrived from the valley, bringing supplies of provisions, by that time very much needed. For two days more the rebel commander made some feeble attacks, but was quickly repulsed, and the next day withdrew his forces to Green Briar, greatly discomfited. For this failure General Lee was relieved from command in Western Virginia, and for some time afterwards held an unimportant command in South Carolina. Before the close of the war, he became known throughout the world as the great rebel general.
In this affair on Cheat Mountain, Company H, Second Lieut. John T. Wood commanding, was the first company in the Regiment to actually confront rebels, and both officer and men laid the foundation for steadiness which was not impaired during the war. Detachments of K, under Lieut. Nat. Haughton, and E, under Lieut. John W. Bowlus, were sent on independent expeditions, and both were successful in unmasking strong positions of the enemy. The expedition under Lieut. Bowlus was a remarkable one. Selecting sixty men, all dressed in the gray uniform of the Regiment, he managed, during the dusk of the evening, to enter and pass through the rebel lines; meeting at daylight a large detachment of the rebels, he secured a good position in the mountains, and kept the rebels back from 7 until 11 a.m. The rebel force was under Col. John A. Washington, who fell in the engagement, with over sixty of his men. Bowlus escaped with trifling injury.
The casualties in the Regiment were very light, being John Pratt, Company B, Charles Farenbeck, Company K, and John Truxell, Company D, killed, and Noah Stump and Henry Barnup, Company E, wounded and captured.
During the balance of the stay of the Regiment on Cheat Mountain, several expeditions were sent out, commanded variously by Major George Webster, Lieutenants Nat. Haughton and John W. Bowlus. The country was decidedly poor, and as the great art of subsisting upon the enemy had not yet become popular, these expeditions were without much profit, excepting as educators.
On the 27th September, a promising young officer of the Regiment, Capt. John M. Moseley, of Company I, died of typhoid fever.
Nothing of importance occured upon the mountains until the 3d of October, when an expedition against the rebel camp on the Green Briar was undertaken, under the direct command of General Reynolds. The troops composing the expedition were the 24th, 25th and 32d Ohio regiments, (the latter regiment, under Col. Tom. Ford, having recently arrived,) the 14th, 9th, 13th and 17th Indiana regiments, and Daums', Howes' and Loomis' batteries.
This rather formidable force marched from the summit before daylight, and at 8 o'clock in the morning the advance drove in the rebel pickets, killing and wounding several and taking a few prisoners. The Confederate troops retired in good enough order to their fortifications, which were well calculated for a good defense, occupying, as they did, the range of hills south of the river, and with an open valley in front extending well on both flanks. Our troops were, after considerable artillery firing, placed in position under the direct fire of the rebel batteries, and ordered to remain steady until orders were given to charge. For two hours the troops were maintained in this position, and although it was the first time they were under an artillery fire, they behaved fully as well as at any later period of the war, perhaps better. It is true, that the rebel guns were wretchedly served, and but few shells were fired, as they seemed to have a limited number. But they kept up a pretty lively noise, and threw a good many solid shot, nearly every one going over the heads of the men into the side of the hill.
General Reynolds finally made up his mind that the position was too strong to carry, and withdrew his forces to Cheat Mountain, "the main object of the expedition having been accomplished." What the main object of the expedition really was, will now never been known. We had enough material, eager for a fight, to have easily taken the position, and in either regiment there were half a dozen subaltern officers, who with the next two years' experience, would unhesitatingly have attacked and carried such works with half the number of troops we had on the field. It was early in the war, and the fruit had not yet matured.
Lieut. Colonel Wm. P. Richardson commanded the Regiment, and the following is an extract from his official report:
"When the order to retire was given, my Regiment remained drawn up in line of battle under a heavy fire from the enemy's guns, until all the regiments had passed, when we followed, bringing up the rear in good order. We brought off all the wounded, and buried all the dead. Colonel Jones was prevented by severe illness from taking command of his Regiment.
"Wounded: John Everingham, Alex. Pemberton and Michael Mulgrove, all of Company."
The above engagement was called the Battle of Green Briar. A rather amusing experience will be remembered by the boys. They had not yet received their overcoats, and had suffered severely in consequence. The 25th was the last regiment to leave the summit, and when they reached the valley the sun came out very warm. The 24th Ohio had preceded our Regiment, and their overcoats becoming burdensome, as their patriotism warmed, they threw them away, and for miles they were scattered along the road. The 25th boys were in a condition to appreciate the overcoats, and gathered them up. All day long, through the sweltering heat, the boys clung to the coats and carried them back to camp with the idea that they were appropriating abandoned property, which really was the case; but the next day Col. Kimball issued an order for the coats to be turned over to the 24th. It raised quite a row, and some of them at least still lie buried on the mountain. It seemed to us that the 24th Ohio pleaded the baby act in the overcoat business, and from that time on there never was any real warm friendship between the two regiments.
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