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Athens County Ohio


5th & 27th USCT
Athens County Enlistments

 
United States Colored Troops

History

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments of the United States Army during the American Civil War that were composed of African-American soldiers. The men of the USCT were the forerunners of the famous Buffalo Soldiers.

The U.S. Congress passed a confiscation act in July 1862 that freed slaves of owners in rebellion against the United States, and a militia act that empowered the President to use freed slaves in any capacity in the army. President Abraham Lincoln, however, was concerned with public opinion in the four border states that remained in the Union, as well as with northern Democrats who supported the war. Lincoln opposed early efforts to recruit black soldiers, even though he accepted their use as laborers. Union Army setbacks in battles over the summer of 1862 forced Lincoln into the more drastic response of emancipating all slaves in states at war with the Union. In September 1862 Lincoln issued his preliminary proclamation that all slaves in rebellious states would be free as of January 1. Recruitment of colored regiments began in full force following the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863.The United States War Department issued General Order Number 143 on May 22, 1863, establishing a "Bureau of Colored Troops" to facilitate the recruitment of African-American soldiers to fight for the Union Army Regiments, including infantry, cavalry, light artillery, and heavy artillery units, were recruited from all states of the Union and became known as the United States Colored Troops (USCT). Approximately 175 regiments of over 178,000 free blacks and freed slaves served during the last two years of the war, and bolstered the Union war effort at a critical time. By war's end, the USCT were approximately a tenth of all Union troops. There were 2,751 USCT combat casualties during the war, and 68,178 losses from all causes.

African-American soldiers at an abandoned farmhouse in Dutch Gap, Virginia, 1864. 

5th U.S. Colored Infantry

Photo # 890-Co E, 4th US Colored Troops, Fort Lincoln 11-17-1865.

USCT regiments were led by white officers and rank advancement was limited for black soldiers. The Supervisory Committee for Recruiting Colored Regiments in Philadelphia opened a Free Military Academy for Applicants for the Command of Colored Troops at the end of 1863.  For a time, black soldiers received less pay than their white counterparts. Famous members of USCT regiments were Martin Robinson Delany, and the sons of Frederick Douglass. Soldiers who fought in the Army of the James were eligible for the Butler Medal, commissioned by that army's commander, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler.

After the war many of the USCT veterans struggled for recognition and had difficulty obtaining the pensions due them. The Federal government did not address the inequality until 1890 and many of the veterans did not receive service and disability pensions until the early 1900s. Source:  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

History of the 5th U.S. Colored Infantry

HISTORY:  5th U.S. Colored Infantry. Organized at Camp Delaware, Ohio, August to November, 1863. Moved to Norfolk, Va., November, 1863. Attached to United States Forces, Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., 18th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1865. Dept. of North Carolina to September, 1865.


SERVICE:  Duty at Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., till January, 1864. Wild's Expedition to South Mills and Camden Court House, N. C., December 5-24, 1863. Action at Sandy Swamp, N. C., December 8. Moved to Yorktown, Va., January, 1864, and duty there till May. Wistar'.s Expedition against Richmond February 6-8, 1864. Expedition to New Kent Court House in aid of Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1-4. New Kent Court House March 2. Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12. Expedition into Matthews and Middlesex Counties March 17-21. Butler's operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15. Capture of City Point May 4. Fatigue duty at City Point and building Fort Converse on the Appomattox River till June 15, Attack on Fort Converse May 20. Before Petersburg June 15-18. Bailor's Farm June 15. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to December 6. In trenches before Petersburg till August 27. Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30. Moved to Deep Bottom August 28. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Fort Harrison September 29. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In trenches before Richmond till December. 1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27. 2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 7-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15. Sugar Loaf Hill January 19. Federal Point February 11. Fort Anderson February 18-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Northeast Ferry February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Cox's Bridge March 23-24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Goldsboro, New Berne and Carolina City, N. C., till September. Mustered out September 20, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 77 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 166 Enlisted men by disease. Total 249. Source: From Dyer's Compendium

 

HISTORY:  The 127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, later designated as the 5th U.S. Colored Infantry, was Ohio's outstanding contribution to the many Negro regiments in the Union Army. Prior to the organization of the 127th, a number of colored Ohioans had been recruited for the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, organized in Boston, but were lost in the credits to their state. Then in the summer of 1863, Captain Lewis McCoy of the 115th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was detailed by Governor Tod to direct the recruiting of Negroes in Ohio and a camp was established in Delaware. Progress at first was slow, but the nucleus of a regiment was finally formed. There was no law regulating the organization of colored troops and the War Department had issued no call to them for service. The only law which gave even a semblance of authority to such an organization was known as "The Contraband Law," which gave a colored laborer in the service of the United States ten dollars per month, including three dollars for clothing and seven dollars for pay. Nevertheless, Captain McCoy took the initiative and mustered J.B.T. Marsh into the army as quartermaster of the 127th. Finally the long awaited order calling colored men into the service and making the organization official came from the War Department. With the appointment of G.W. Shurtleff of Oberlin, formerly of the 7th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, as Lieutenant Colonel, the name was changed and recruiting was completed. Non-commissioned officers were appointed from the ranks and the regiment fully equipped, left Ohio for Virginia on November 18. Colonel J.W. Conine, appointed by President Lincoln, met the regiment at Norfolk to assume command.
"The Military History of Ohio" (1866) gives this account of the regiments history:
"In December, 1863, moved to North Carolina; in January, 1864, back to Virginia, camping near Yorktown; took gallant part in Butler's campaign on the James; stormed the heights of Petersburg, June 15, 1864, and took part in the subsequent siege; transferred again to the Army of the James; in 1865 served in North Carolina; discharged at Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 5, 1865." While on the James River the regiment received 375 recruits. In the fighting at Chafin's Farm in Virginia, September 29, 1864, the regiment lost 85 killed and 248 wounded, in addition to 9 officers wounded, of the 550 men in the ranks that day. Sergeants Beatty, Holland, Pimm, and Brunson were awarded medals, both by Congress and by General Benjamin F. Butler, for gallantry in action.
Source: from Ohio Handbook of the Civil War. By: Robert S. Harper. Ohio Historical Society 1961

Enlistments

LAST NAME

FIRST NAME

HOME STATE

OCCUPATION

REGIMENT

CO.

RECRUITER

PLACE/
COUNTY

Hall Charles W.      5th/USCT E. Capt. Barber Athens Co.
Bell William R.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Bowman William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Bowman Washington     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Bowers Edwards     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Brown Alfred     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Burles Israel     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Busentine Jordan W.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Carey Charles     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Clay Henry     5th/USCT C. Capt. Bond Athens Co.
Clay Phillip Phillip     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Cooper James W.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Coursey Thomas E.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Courtney Edward     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Cross Thomas W.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Cunningham Alexander     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Dixon Harrison     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Drencher Athur     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Early James     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Evans Daniel     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Ferris George     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Festerman Henry     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Fields Charles     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Gones William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Hale Charles W.     5th/USCT E. Capt. Barber Athens Co.
Harding Harrison     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Harper Alexander     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Harris Henry     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Harris Thomas J.     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Hopkins Charles     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Houston Joseph A.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Howell Edward     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Jackson Daniel     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Jones John W.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Kelley Harvey     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Kelley John     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Kelley Milton     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Lett David     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Marsh James     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Mason Thomas     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Moore Thomas     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Morris Noah     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Morris William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Nelson Ferdinand     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Norman Amos J.     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Norman Henry     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Payne Evan     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Pettiford John     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Pogue Isaiah     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Prince William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Purle John     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Ramsey Alexander     5th/USCT E. unknown Athens Co.
Ridgeway John     5th/USCT E. Capt. Combs Athens Co.
Robertson Henry     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Rush Wilmor     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Scott Abraham     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Scott Richard     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Scott William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Shanks William H.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Smith Charles     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Spears Joel S.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Starkes Charles G.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Starkes John     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Stevens Stephens     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Steward Alexander     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Tabler Jesse     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson George     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson Henry     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson Samuel     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson William     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Topson Matthews     5th/USCT G. unknown Athens Co.
Turner George     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Valentine John     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Valentine Salamanco     5th/USCT A. Capt. Bond Athens Co.
Walker Willis     5th/USCT B. President Athens Co.
Wall Moses     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Watson Benjamin     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Wells Isaac L.     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Wilkins  John     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Williams Charles     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Williams James     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Woods Nathan     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Woodson Daniel     5th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
               
Avens Isaac   Farmer 27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Anderson John     27th/USCT D. unknown Athens Co.
Banks Anthony   Farmer 27th/USCT C. unknown Athens Co.
Boyd Lee     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Dixon Nelson P.   Farmer 27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Garnes William     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Gormer Wellington N.C. Brick Mason 27th/USCT Unass. Lt. F.L. Ballard Athens Co.
Grimes Charles N.C. Laborer 27th/USCT G. Lt. F.L. Ballard Athens Co.
Hale Charles W.     27th/USCT E. Capt. Barber Athens Co.
Harding Garrison     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Harper Alexander     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Harper William J.     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Harris Henry     27th/USCT H. unknown Athens Co.
Holland William M.     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Hopkins Charles     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Howell Edward     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Jackson Daniel     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Kelley John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Kelley Wilson     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Morris William     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Page Isaiah     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Payne Evan     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Payne George     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Pearle John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Prince William     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Ramsey Alexander     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Ridgeway John     27th/USCT E. Capt. Combs Athens Co.
Robinson Henry     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Scott Abraham     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Scott Richard     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Scott William     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Seth Daniel     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Stanter Charles     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Stanter John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Stevens Isaac Ohio Farmer 27th/USCT Unass. Lt. R.A. Bull Athens Co.
Stevens Wilson     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Tabler John Ohio Farmer 27th/USCT I. J.F. Gewier Athens Co.
Thomas William     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson George     27th/USCT F. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson Henry     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson Samuel     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Thompson William     27th/USCT H. unknown Athens Co.
Turner George     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Valentine John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Warner John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Warner Thomas     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Warren Thomas L.     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.
Worris John     27th/USCT Unass. unknown Athens Co.

Unassigned USCT Athens Co. Enlistments

LAST NAME FIRST NAME HOME STATE OCCUPATION REGIMENT CO. RECRUITER PLACE/COUNTY
Holly Calvin N.C. Blacksmith Unassigned Unassigned James Clement Athens Co.
Woodson John V.A. Farmer Unassigned Unassigned James Clement Athens Co.
Dickinson Lewis K.Y. Miner Unassigned Unassigned Lt. James Clement Athens Co.
Woodson William J. V.A. Farmer Unassigned Unassigned Lt. James Clement Athens Co.

The above information is presented with the permission of the Washington Research History Class.



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