Genealogy Trails History Group

Belmont County, Ohio
Genealogy and History



HABEL, William H. :
William H. Habel, a representative business man of Meyersdale, who has achieved a large degree of success in his undertaking as a result of earnest and close application, energy and perseverance, was born at Bebra, Germany, Deceember 17, 1855. His parents, Conrad and Elizabeth (Knieriem) Habel, natives of Germany, came to the United States in January, 1866. Their family consisted of the following children: Anna D., born October 20, 1850; William H., December 17, 1855; John, January 27, 1859; Sophia, February 5, 1863; Henry A., January 15, 1866; Frederick, September, 1868. Conrad Habel (father) was born September 13, 1822, died September 10, 1892.
William H. Habel attended the public schools of Greenville township, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, whither his parents removed upon their arrival in this country in 1866, and completed his studies therein at the age of nineteen years. He taught school for six terms, or until 1881, in which year he became telegraph operator for the Baltimore & Ohio railroad at Sand patch, and later accepted a position as freight, ticket and express agent at Meyersdale, serving in that capacity until 1898. He then established a grocery business at Meyersdale, which he conducted alone most successfully up to 1905, in which year he admitted Charles A. Phillips as a partner. His store is well stocked with a full line of staple articles, and they enjoy the patronage of many of the leading families of the town. He is a stockholder and director in the Second National Bank, and a stockholder in the Meyersdale Sheet Steel Company and the Somerset Telephone Company. He takes an active interest it.
n public affairs of his adopted town, and was chosen by his fellow townsmen to serve as councilman and member of the school board, serving nine years in the former and three years in the latter position. He is a member of the Reformed church, and a member of the Masonic Order, affiliating with Lodge No. 554, F. and A. M. Hebron Chapter, No. 272, R. A. M., and Commandery No. 49, K. T., Uniontown. He is a staunch adherent of the principles of Republicanism.
Mr. Habel married, July 15, 1883, Emma Frances Troutman, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Troutman, of South Hampton township, Somerset county, Pennsylvania. Their children are: Harry Franklin, born April 16, 1884; John Alpheus, September 8, 1885; Emma Frances, April 28, 1887." History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 274/5

prominently identified with the insurance and real estate interests of Belmont County, Ohio, is one of the leading business men of Martin's Ferry and an honored survivor of the Civil War. Mr. Hanes was born at Martin's Ferry, July 7, 1839, and is a son of James and Rebecca (Hadsell) Hanes, both of whom were natives of Ohio.
James Hanes was a brick and stone contractor and was born in 1802. He was reared on a pioneer farm in Belmont County, was married in 1824, and then settled at Burlington, which is the oldest town in this county. The house is still standing, which was the family home until 1835, at which time he built the first dwelling house in Martin's Ferry. His house and old warehouse composed Martin's Ferry at that time. Joseph McCleary built the chimney of the house. He later became an attorney and practiced law in Martin's Ferry until his death. This house, a two-story brick, is still standing on the corner of 3rd and Clay streets, in a good state of preservation. James Hanes was a man of ability and rare judgment. He held many public offices and was universally respected. He traveled all over the county in the interests of Dodge's patent grate, and became well known in every neighborhood. In 1846 he commenced a marble business, continuing in that until his death. Many of his monuments may be noted in the cemeteries through Belmont and adjacent counties. Mr. Hanes was always enthusiastic over the possibilities of Martin's Ferry as a manufacturing center, and its later development has justified his claims, although he was not permitted to see more than the awakening of its commercial activity. His death took place on Christmas Day, 1862, at the time when his son, our subject, was marching to the battle of Stone River, which was fought on January 2, 1863. His widow survived until July 13, 1889, dying at the age of 87 years. She had been a life-long member of the Methodist Church, was a real "mother in Israel," and as she lived immediately across the street from the church building, many of the class meeting and social organizations were held in her house. There the itinerant preacher always found a warm welcome. She was a woman of much fortitude, of most lovely, motherly, Christian character. She and her husband are recalled as most worthy types of the Ohio pioneers, whose sober lives did much to encourage temperance and morality during the early days. Their memories will long be cherished.
Joseph T. Hanes was the sixth member of a family of eight children born to his parents, the others being as follows: Lucinda R., born in 1827, married William Edgington and lives at Martin's Ferry; Josephine married Daniel Long, and died in 1898, at the age of 68, a worthy member of the Methodist Church; Martha has always remained in the old home, performing household duties, writing during the war the welcome letters, and living the sweet, quiet existence of a pious and worthy woman; Elizabeth married Wesley A. Jones, who died, a soldier, in the hospital at Evansville, Indiana - her daughter, Estella, is the widow of Ephraim Hanes; Minerva is the widow of Alexander Rose and resides at Fairmont, West Virginia; Anna E., who married R.C. Melson, lives in the old home; James C. is a stove molder in a foundry at Mansfield, Ohio.
The early education of our subject was necessarily obtained in the school house of his locality, which was the old log house on Locust street, between 2nd and 3rd, now made use of by a foundry for the storage of flasks. In 1854 the first union school in this part of the State was built, containing eight rooms, located on the site where the stately Central School building now stands. The latter is the third school building erected on the same spot. At the time of the building of the union school, our subject was ready for high school, and he continued at his books until 1857, during the winters; his summers during these latter years were employed with his father in the marble shop. He continued to work at marble cutting until 1862, when he went to Pittsburg and there enlisted in a regiment of heavy artillery, but the regiment proved already complete, so he returned home and on September 11, 1862, enlisted in Company G, 15th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and soon his regiment was hurried to the front. His first battle was at Stone River, and on the first day the regiment was surprised while at breakfast, and although the soldiers of the command fought bravely, some were captured, several were killed and the artillery was captured, our subject being one of the prisoners taken. He was sent to Libby Prison at Richmond, where he was kept two months and was then exchanged and joined his regiment at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He escaped none of the horrors which prevailed at the infamous Richmond prison, but congratulated himself that it lasted but two long months. From April until June 15th, the regiment remained near Murfreesboro, and then started out on the Tullahoma campaign. Three days after General Rosecrans succeeded in outflanking General Bragg, and during the summer campaign of 1863, Chattanooga was taken and the Union forces remained there encamped until September. The battle of Chickamauga took place on September 19th, and after fighting through that terrible Friday, Saturday and Sunday, our subject was again taken prisoner. The facts were these: Darkness fell that Sunday night while fighting was still going on, and the hospitals were being filled with the wounded and dying. General Rosecrans and his staff came by and told the soldiers of the 15th Ohio Regiment that they were within the Union lines and to remain there and care for the wounded. No duty of this kind would have ever been disregarded by a man of our subject's character, and it was through his devotion that he was captured. He gave special attention to a mortally wounded captain and carried water to him, a quarter of a mile, at intervals throughout the night. In the morning he found himself a captive. He was sent to Richmond again, from there to Danville, and from April 19th to November 20th, a period of seven fearful months, he was kept at the Andersonville pen. Here, Mr. Hanes certifies, they usually had one meal a day, consisting of cake made from cornmeal, baked on a board before the fire, with a bit of bacon prepared the same way. The food and prevailing conditions gave our subject a case of scurvy. His teeth became loose, his gums black and his limbs would not support his body. He was carried on a board to the hospital, and during his five weeks there was fed on rice. He had by this time given up on all hope of return and really wanted to die and be out of his misery, and probably would have succumbed had it not been for the encouragement and help rendered him by two comrades from Wheeling, whose names he gives with affection, William Phillips and Oliver Stringer. At last came the day of his exchange and he was carried out of the prison on a board, sent to Savannah and there was fed and clothed. From there he was transferred to Annapolis, where he was given more clothes and what he longed for, a bath. Just before the holidays he neared home, still walking with a cane, gaunt and weak, but grateful for his recovery and conscious of a faithful performance of duty. Just after the death of his father his mother felt the need of her son to such an extent that she asked of Cyrus Mendenhall, a friend, to apply to his friend, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, for a discharge of our subject, and the letter received is here copied:
ADJT. GEN. OFFICE, WASHINGTON, Aug. 20, 1863. Cyrus Mendenhall, Sir: I have the honor to inform you that the discharge of Joseph T. Hanes, Co. G, 15th Reg., O.V.I., has been ordered out by this department.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obt. Servant, SIMON BERCER, Asst. Adjt. Gen.

The colonel of our subject's regiment received a copy of the above at the time the battle of Chickamauga was pending, and this short detention of the order brought upon Mr. Hanes his terrible prison experience, its starvation, hardship and impaired health, while his father's business had necessarily suffered such neglect that the settling of his estate entailed months of extra labor. As soon as possible, in the spring of 1865, our subject began the settlement of the estate, and, as his recovery progressed, continued the business, being active in it until 1879. He still owns it, although the greater part of his attention is now given to his large real estate and insurance interests.
The marriage of Mr. Hanes took place on February 11, 1869, to Hannah M. Clyker, a native of Wheeling, and a daughter of Ambert and Hannah Clyker, both of whom are deceased. The three children born to this marriage are: James W., deceased; Gertrude C., who married Ellis D. Lash and resides at Martin's Ferry, having a family of two children, Julia M. and Joseph H.; and Lyman S., who married Bessie Douglas, and is engaged with his father in business. Both our subject and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church. His fraternal connections are numerous and of a pleasant nature, being a member of the blue lodge, F. & A.M.; the G.A.R. Post, of which he has been post commander; I.O.O.F.; and K. of P. In all of these organizations he has been active and has represented them in their higher councils. In politics he is a Republican of the most vigorous type. In 1888, with Judge Robert H. Cochran and Col. George P. Bissell, he started into the enterprise of building up the Wheeling Terminal Railway, being the purchasing agent for right of way through Martin's Ferry, bringing the work to a successful termination and paying out over $100,000. They organized a company for the Ohio side tunnel, of which our subject is secretary and a director. It has been absorbed in what is now known as the Wheeling Terminal Company, a strong financial corporation. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, WILLIAM WATERS -- president and manager of the Hanlon-Sharps Company, one of the large and prosperous enterprises which have had their origin and development in Belmont County, is a leading citizen and a representative of Barnesville's best commercial and social life. The birth of Mr. Hanlon occurred at Malaga, Monroe County, Ohio, March 9, 1855, and he is one of two sons born to T.T. and Agnes (Waters) Hanlon, the latter being a daughter of George Waters, a native of Loudoun County, Virginia. Her death occurred in 1858, when William W. was about three years old, and his brother, Oliver O., was about 12 days old.
T.T. Hanlon was born December 17, 1828, in Jefferson County, Ohio, the eldest child of William and Elizabeth (Duval) Hanlon, the former of whom was born in Orange County, New York, and the latter in Wellsburg, West Virginia. William Hanlon was a shoemaker by trade, but later engaged in farming and teaching school. T.T. Hanlon learned the merchant-tailoring business and first located in Belmont County in 1849 and has been identified with Barnesville since the fall of 1862. In 1860 Mr. Hanlon contracted a second marriage with Elizabeth Hyde, of Boston, this county, and one daughter, Agnes Amelia - now Mrs. Walter Murray - was born to this union. Until 1874 Mr. Hanlon engaged in the mercantile business in Barnesville and later became interested in the paper jobbing trade, still later adding a printing house, the firm name of the business at its birth being T.T. Hanlon & Sons. In 1882 the firm established the "Barnesville Republican," with W.W. Hanlon as editor, and conducted it in connection with their general paper business. About 1885 the firm name underwent a name change to that of Hanlon Brothers & Company, which name held until a few years later, when William W. and Oliver O. Hanlon purchased all other interests and the firm then assumed the style of Hanlon Brothers' Paper Company.
When our subject, William W. Hanlon, was about six years of age, his parents located in Barnesville, and it was in this city that he received the larger portion of his education, although no small credit must be given to the printing business with which he soon became associated, and pursued studiously in various parts of the country for that ready and facile use of the English language which distinguished him in his newspaper work - many people claiming that the "Barnesville Republican," under his tireless leadership, was the best country weekly in the State. Mr. Hanlon has possessed a wonderful constitution; was every hungry for work, claiming that it was better to "wear out than rust out," and that, be it work or play, it should be done "like thunder." He has always been a friend and patron of outdoor games - the good ones. He has also been a strong advocate for municipal growth, and Barnesville never had a better friend.
The firm of Hanlon Brothers' Paper Company was changed to that of Hanlon Brothers' Paper & Manufacturing Company in 1899, when W.E. Sharps, of Independence, West Virginia, bought a third interest in the business. The business prospered - "Genius is nine-tenths work." In May, 1902, the business was incorporated - with William W. Hanlon as president, W.E. Sharps as secretary and Oliver O. Hanlon as treasurer - as a stock company, with a capital of $100,000, and with a paid-up stock of $60,000. In the summer and fall of 1902, to meet the demands of their rapidly increasing trade, the company was obliged to enlarge the plant, and built one of the most complete establishments in the State of Ohio, equipped with all modern appliances and high-priced machinery for the expeditions and economical manufacture of envelopes, sheet and roll wrapping paper, paper sacks, calendars, office supplies, weatherproof signs, and advertising novelties. They also do special designing and engraving in certain departments. Their plant is one of the "busy marts" of the town, their "sign" the handsomest in the county, and their goods go all over the United States.
William W. Hanlon was married on September 12, 1879, to Anna M. Sullivan, daughter of Rev. J.C. Sullivan, and they are the parents of three grown sons: Frank F., Lieuy L. and Ralph R. - all of whom are connected with the above business, each holding a responsible position and "filling" it. The religious connection of the family is with the Methodist Church. Mr. Hanlon is one of "four fathers" of the Belmont-Monroe Reunion Society, has been actively identified with secret orders, is widely known as an aggressive Republican, and is a member of Wheeling Lodge, No. 28, B.P.O.E. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

a well known and popular educator of Belmont County, Ohio, is a native son of the State, born in Cadiz in 1845, a son of Harmon and Mary G. (Woodrow) Harris.
The Harris family is of Maryland origin, in which State Harmon Harris was born in 1805. In 1836 he moved to Ohio and located in Harrison County, where he followed his trade of shoemaking and became a respected and esteemed citizen. In his political sympathy he was a Republican. For many years prior to his death, in 1881, he was a very active worker in the Methodist Church. His wife, Mary G. Woodrow, was born in 1806, in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and died in Harrison County, Ohio, in 1883. She was a woman of high character and a consistent member of the Methodist Church. A family of 12 children were born to these parents, evenly divided as to sons and daughters, as follows: Mary, John, Harmon, Isaac, Sarah, Margaret, William, Martha, Thomas, Isabel, Jemima and Samuel.
Mr. Harris secured an excellent education and he has engaged in teaching all his life, attaining considerable prominence in the profession. He is a graduate of Franklin College, New Athens, Ohio, in the class of 1862. In 1876 he located in Belmont County, and has been a valued teacher in Somerton ever since, a man of progressive ideas, scholarly attainments and most pleasing and urbane manner. Under his care the schools of Somerton have prospered and rank with any in the county under the same conditions. In March, 1864, he enlisted for service in the Civil War in the Signal Corps and served until December, 1864, when he was mustered out of service. This was one of the very loyal families, three of his brothers also serving in the army - William in the 69th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., Isaac in the 11th Reg., Ohio Vol. Cav., and Harmon in the 170th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf.
In 1866 Mr. Harris was married to Caroline Butler, who was born in Belmont County in 1848. Four children have been born to this union, namely, Grace, deceased; Essie, the wife of John W. Hobbs of Chicago Heights, Illinois; Martha and Earl. The religious connection of the family has always been with the Methodist Church.
Mr. Harris, in addition to his educational duties, serves as a pension attorney, and is a notary public. He is a man who stands high in public esteem and is one of Somerton's most worthy citizens. He has long been connected with the fraternal order of Knights of Pythias and has held the honorable position of post commander in the Grand Army post at Somerton. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HART, MILES - one of the well-known and popular citizens of Smith township, who for 28 consecutive years followed teaching in Belmont County, comes of an old agricultural family, which originated in the person of his grandfather, Miles Hart, in Greene County, Pennsylvania.
Our subject was born January 24, 1844, in Smith township, and is a son of Silas and Sarah (Twinem) Hart, the latter of whom was born in 1816, in the State of New York, a daughter of Leonard and Mary Twinem, who came from Ireland to Belmont County about 1817. Mrs. Hart died at the old home just north of Centreville. Silas Hart was born in 1817, in Smith township, and was a son of Miles Hart, who came to Belmont County in 1815 and stopped first in Mead township at Dillie's Bottom and then settled permanently on section 28, in Smith township, where he died in 1852. Silas Hart died in the spring of 1894, at the home of his son Miles. Our subject is one of a family of seven children born to his parents, three of whom besides himself survive, namely: Catherine (Mrs. Barrett), of Texas; Leonard, a resident of Goshen township; and S.W., of Smith township. Cephas and Hamilton are deceased, and a daughter died in infancy.
Miles Hart was reared on the farm and attended the country schools and also went to a select school. In 1866 he began to teach the winter sessions of school in his neighborhood, learning in the meantime the carpenter trade and spending the summer vacations on the farm, continuing thus until 1894, when he gave up the profession to devote himself entirely to the operation of his farm. Mr. Hart purchased this valuable and attractive home in 1872 and has 82 acres of land most admirably fitted for farming and stock raising.
In 1878 Mr. Hart was married to Mary C. Stonebraker, who was born in Smith township in 1860, being one of five children born to Jeremiah and Mary (Glover) Stonebraker, the three survivors being: James W., of Smith township; Eliza J. (Mrs. McCann), of Richland township; and Mrs. Hart. Those deceased were: John T. and Margaret, the wife of D.M. Scatterday. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hart, one of whom died in infancy. Of the two young ladies, Sarah is the successful teacher of a school near Martin's Ferry, and Blanche is still a student.
Mr. Hart has taken an active interest in politics in his locality, voting the Republican ticket, and has been called upon to serve in many offices, his intelligence, education and excellent judgment making him eminently desirable as a township or county official. By appointment he served one year as township clerk and was elected and re-elected, serving with the greatest efficiency. In the latter "seventies" he served for two years as assessor. The religious connection of the family is with the Concord Presbyterian Church, of which Mr. Hart is the clerk of the congregation.
Mr. Hart's long associations as an educator made him a very well-known resident of Smith township, and few citizens are so highly regarded by all classes of people. As a teacher he was brought into such close relations that his interest in many of his neighbors began in childhood and a mutual regard has ever since been maintained. He has a wide circle of attached friends. He was elected a member of the Board of Education, and served with credit for a term of three years. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HARTENSTEIN, HERMAN - a venerable and honored resident of Belmont County, Ohio, has spent almost half a century of his useful life in the iron and steel works. In 1900 he retired to his farm near Bellaire - this farm is most beautifully situated, being located on a hill overlooking the Ohio River. The original purchase contained but 30 acres, and later a 50-acre tract adjoining was added, making it one of the finest 80-acre farms in the vicinity. Here Mr. Hartenstein carries on general farming and his activity would put shame many a younger man. Valuable sand pits are to be found on his land and large quantities of sand are sold for molding purposes.
As the same indicates, the subject of this sketch is of German nativity. His birth took place in October, 1830, in Saxony, Germany, and he is a son of Henry Hartenstein, who with his family emigrated from the fatherland, locating in Butler County, Pennsylvania, in 1844. Purchasing a tract of land in that county, Henry Hartenstein followed agricultural pursuits for many years. About a year prior to his death, he sold his farm and removed to a near-by town. Both he and his wife died in 1895 - within six weeks of each other - and both were octogenarians at the time of their deaths.
Although living in a distant county, our subject made it a rule to visit his aged parents at least once a year for many years before their deaths. He has four sisters, who reside on farms in different parts of Butler County, Pennsylvania, and his brother, Louis, is successfully engaged in mercantile life in the same State.
Mr. Hartenstein obtained his primary education in Germany, and after locating in the United States attended night school. When fifteen years of age, he secured employment in the iron works at Brady's Bend, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, continuing to work there until 1849, when the plant was closed. After a brief sojourn at Pittsburg, he went to Wheeling, and followed the fortunes of a miner a few months. The following year (1850), upon the opening of the Belmont Mills, Mr. Hartenstein entered the employ of Bailey, Woodward & Co., continuing in the employ of that firm for many years after the La Belle Mill was built there by them, working in all 17 years with the Belmont and La Belle companies. He first worked in the rolling department and later was employed for years in the boiling rooms. He tended the puddling furnaces and, as the business grew, became manager of the puddling and heating furnaces, retaining that position for years.
In 1886 Mr. Hartenstein entered the steel works as assistant manager and filled that position in an able manner until his retirement from the service in 1900, having spent 49 years in the business. He is well known all over the steel region and is one of the few men now living who were among the early employees of the mills.
In February, 1852, our subject was united in marriage with Louisa Knipping, who was born in Germany in 1833 and is a daughter of William and Theresa (Schlinkey) Knipping. She came to this country in 1844 and was reared in the family of her step-father, August Wiedebusch, who lived in Wheeling, West Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Hartenstein have five daughters and three sons living and have lost several children. Their two eldest sons, August and Herman, reside in the West. Albert, the youngest son, is a druggist in Bellaire. The daughters are Leona (Mrs. John Murphy), Roberta (Mrs. Peter Kern), Louisa (Mrs. Joseph Glasser), Mary (Mrs. James McKee), and Annie, wife of John Glasser, a manufacturer of some note. All reside in Bellaire.
Mr. Hartenstein is a faithful follower of the Democratic party. While a resident of Wheeling, he served three years as a member of the City Council. Mr. Hartenstein was captain in the West Virginia State Militia during the Civil War. In fraternal circles, he is a prominent Mason, having a membership of 20 years' standing. He affiliates with the blue lodge and chapter of Bellaire and with Hope Commandery, No. 26, K.T., of St. Clairsville. He has been a member of the I.O.O.F. since he was 21 years of age. He is an active member of the Lutheran Church and contributed largely toward its support. From the foregoing it will be seen that our subject had led a long and active life and, although now in advanced years, is still a useful member of his community.
Mrs. Hartenstein's father fought in the battle of Waterloo and was never wounded. He was a brave soldier and was granted a life pension by King William, who also awarded him a brass medal. . ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, one of the substantial and representative farmers and popular citizens of Belmont County, residing on his farm in section 2, Union township, near Loydsville, was born August 3, 1828, in Union township, a son of Elijah and Jane (Craig) Hatcher, both of whom were natives of Loudoun County.
Elijah Hatcher, the father, was born August 15, 1796, in Loudoun County, Virginia, a son of Quaker parents, Noah and Rachel (Beans) Hatcher, the former of whom died of old age in Virginia, the latter, coming to Ohio at an early day, died at the age of 86 years. Of the children of Noah and Rachel Hatcher, Edward died in Virginia. John, the youngest, lived for many years near Portland, Oregon, having been a pilot and teamster for General Fremont, and a noted trader with the Indians. The others were Elijah and Mary, the former of whom was the father of the subject of this biography.
In 1822 Elijah Hatcher was married in Loudoun County, Virginia, to Jane Craig, who was born on August 15, 1806, on the same day of the month as her husband, but 10 years later. From early girlhood she was a member of the Methodist Church and was a woman of noble character, devoted to her home and church. She passed away on January 16, 1889, at the age of 82 years and five months. In 1827 Elijah Hatcher and wife came to Ohio and engaged in farming in Belmont County, and held many of the township offices. Although a birthright member of the Society of Friends, prior to deceased he united with the Methodist Church, of which his wife was so consistent a member. These most estimable people had a family of seven children, namely: N.J., of this sketch; Rebecca, who resides near the toll gate, on the National Road, in this county; Rachel, who married Joseph Pancoast, is deceased, as is also her husband; Eliza, who married James B. Hogue, the first white child born in Grundy County, Illinois, is deceased; Sarah, who married Leander Moore, resides in Lucas County, Iowa; John, who also is a resident of Iowa; and Cecilia, who married Charles Pickering, of Richland township, Belmont County.
N.J. Hatcher obtained his education in the country schools and in the advanced school at Loydsville, and grew to manhood as his father's assistant on the farm. At the age of 21 he began operating for himself, and for many years has taken a prominent position among the leading agriculturists and large land owners of the county. Mr. Hatcher owns very valuable land, the Pittsburg vein underlying all of it, while its fertility makes it desirable for farming purposes. He owns 218 acres in section 2 and a farm of 77 acres in Richland township, adjoining the former tract in Union township.
On May 7, 1856, Mr. Hatcher was married to Mary E. Gregg, a native of Virginia, who came to Ohio with her parents when two years of age. She was the eldest of the family of eight children born to her parents, Hendley and Amy Gregg, the others being: Joshua, who is a farmer in Pottawattamie County, Iowa; Samuel, deceased, who lived in Warren County, Iowa; Hendley, who resides on the home place, in Goshen township, this county; Frances and Henrietta, unmarried, who live in Barnesville; William, deceased, who lived in Iowa; and Victoria, who is Mrs. Thomas Rogers, of Barnesville. Mrs. Hatcher died May 1, 1891, a consistent member of the Methodist Church, a woman of lovely life and character, possessing a disposition of cheerfulness, disposed to contribute to the happiness of all about her, valued in her church and beloved in her family. Her five children were the following: Rosa M., still at home; Amy J., the wife of J.W. Wilkinson, county commissioner, more extended mention of whom will be found elsewhere; John William, born June 7, 1861, died June 7, 1863, at the age of two years; Elijah Clyde, who is in the wholesale grocery business at Allegheny City, married Orpha Sidebottom and has two children, Emmett and Ellen; Grace, who is Mrs. Robert Hood, resides at Cambridge, Ohio, and has one child, Mary; and Ida M., who is at home.
Mr. Hatcher has long been well known as a capitalist, and has been a director in the Second National Bank of St. Clairsville; has been a capable member of the School Board for years, and has acceptably filled other local positions. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

DAVID HAWTHORNE, one of the pioneers of Belmont county, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, January 24, 1824, and came to Belmont county when he was twenty-six years of age. He was a son of John and Martha (Boggs) Hawthorne. The father was born February 26, 1786, in Ireland, and was brought across the sea when ten weeks old, and was fourteen weeks crossing. He was a son of William and Hannah (Bingham) Hawthorne, who were both natives of Ireland. He was born May 1, 1751. She was born February, 1759,
and emigrated to America in 1786, and first settled in Washington, Penn., where they remained until 1810. They removed to Ohio, settling in Jefferson county, where he remained until his death. Our subject's father was raised in Pennsylvania, and came with his parents to Ohio in 1810, and his father gave him 100 acres of good land, but it was all in the woods at that time, which he cleared into a beautiful farm. He was married to Martha Boggs, January, 1814. Their children are: Hugh, B., William, Eliza J., Samuel J., David, Hannah, Mary A., Martha, Sarah, Margaret and John B., of these children, six are now living: Hugh, William, David, Mary A., Margaret and John B. The mother was born in Belmont county, 1792. The father was a
soldier in the war of 1812, and served through the war. Our subject was raised in Jefferson county, receiving a very limited education in the pioneer log school, and after reaching his majority he attended school and finally began teaching, and followed that about three years. In 1849 he was married to Margaret E., daughter of Archibald and Elizabeth (Lemon) Major. They have four children; three now living: Martha E., wife of George W. Chandler, of Chicago; Rebecca J., former wife of W. S. Barton, who is now dead; Archibald M. and Adda V. The mother was born in Belmont county on the old Major homestead farm. Archibald M. married Mary Oxley. He and wife are members of the United Presbyterian church, likewise all the family. He served as justice of the peace of his township fifteen years. He now owns 119 acres of good land which is well improved, and he has placed all the improvements upon the same. He is a worthy citizen and representative farmer of Belmont county, and is well respected by all who know him.
"History of the Upper Ohio Valley" Vol. II, 1890.

HAY Family :
The Hay family of Somerset county was founded in this country by Simon Hay, who was born in Germany, April 18, 1742, and when nineteen or twenty years of age emigrated from Zwei-Bricken, Germany, accompanied by his two elder brothers, one of whom settled near Berlin, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, then a vast wilderness, and the other one in what has since become the state of Kentucky, and settled there. Simon remained for several years in Hagerstown, Maryland, working at his trade as a weaver. While residing there he married Anna Mary Shaver, some of whose connections are now living in and about Freedens, Somerset county.
Simon Hay came to Somerset county, then a part of Bedford county, in the year 1767-68, and settled on a farm now owned by S. S. Hay, about five miles southwest of Berlin. He put up a tent under a big white oak tree without a foot of cleared land, and went bravely to work to hew out a farm from the forest about him. At first he and his family subsisted on wild animals' meat and potatoes. In those days deer were plenty and as many as thirty to thirty-five were often seen in a drove. In after years he frequently made trips to Hagerstown, on horseback, a hundred miles away, to fetch salt and a little flour for the children. On several occasions Indians made their appearance at his home on their way to Fort Bedford, but never did any violence nor molested himself or his family.
Simon Hay and his wife, Anna Mary (Shaver) Hay, were the parents of ten children, five sons and five daughters. The names of the sons were: Michael, who settled one mile north of Lavansville, Somerset county. Jacob, who settled on the farm where Wellersburg is now located, but who afterward removed to what is now the state of Ohio. Valentine, who became the owner of what was then the home farm, and now called Hay's Mill. (Grandfather Hay built the stone house in 1798, which at this time is in a splendid state of preservation, the second mill he built is still standing there and is being profitably conducted. He since built a fulling and carding mill. His was the first grist mill, perhaps, in this county.) George, settled on the farm now owned by Henry G. Hay, three-fourths of a mile west of Hay's mill. Peter, settled on the farm where his father, Simon Hay, had put up his tent under the big white oak tree. Of the daughters, Mary married Jacob Young, and then settled on a farm one and one-half miles north of Lavansville. Susannah married Jacob Baker and then settled in Ohio, in what is now Holmes county. Elizabeth married George Weller, grandfather of ex-County Superintendent John Weller, and late a member of the Pennsylvania legislature from Somerset county; they settled on the farm that her brother, Jacob Hay, had settled, which is now occupied by Wellersburg borough; the place got its name from the Weller family. Catherine married Samuel Miller and then settled in Addison township, where their son William now resides, and who is one of the great cattle dealers of the south of Somerset county. Eva married George Gephart and then settled on a farm one mile east of New Centerville, in Midford township, upon which the village of Gepharts is now located. They were the parents of Simon Gephart, the Dayton (Ohio) banker.
After the death of his wife, which occurred in the stone house at Hay's mill, at the age of sixty-three years, five months and six days, Simon Hay made his home with his son Valentine, who carried on the farm and mill. Valentine Hay died at the age of fifty-two years, after which his father, Simon Hay, made his home with his son, Peter Simon Hay. For the last two years of his life Simon Hay suffered from cancer in the breast which caused his death. He was pleasant in his conversation and cheerful to the last, notwithstanding his physical ailment. He died February 3, 1842, aged ninety-nine years, nine months and fifteen. days.
Peter Simon Hay, son of Simon and Anna Mary (Shaver) Hay, was a life-long resident of Brothers Valley township, and his active years were spent on the farm formerly the property of his father. He married Elizabeth Walker, who was born in Brothers Valley township, and ten children were born to them, namely: David, Michael, Philip, Peter S., Valentine, Susan, who became the wife of Samuel Walker; Mary, who became the wife of Moses Young; Elizabeth, who became the wife of John Rink; Catherine, who became the wife of Frederick Weller and Caroline, who became the wife of Samuel M. Saylor.
David Hay was born September 3, 1814, and died April 14, 1878. He was married twice. His first wife was Mary Cook, daughter of Jacob Cook, of Southampton township. With her he had two children, viz.: William H., of Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, and Calvin T., of Salisbury, Pennsylvania. His second wife was Mary, a daughter of John Rauch, of Brothers Valley township. With her he had one child, Norman D., of Elk Lick. David Hay was one of nature's noblemen. He was a large-hearted and public-spirited man. He had a word of encouragement and gave a helping hand to every good enterprise, and to every person deserving of sympathy and moral and material aid. In 1857 he was elected a member of the Pennsylvania house of representatives and served his constituents well in the session of 1858-59.
Michael Hay was born January 12, 1817, and died November 19, 1888. He was married three times. His first wife was Mary, a daughter of Jacob Olinger, of Summit township, with whom he had two children, one of whom survives, viz.: Josiah M., of Akron, Ohio. His second wife was a Miss Augustine, of Addison township, and his third wife was Rachel Glotfelty, a daughter of Jacob Glotfelty, of Salisbury borough. He had no children with the last two wives. He was a man of great physical endurance, and followed farming until he was about thirty-five years of age, and during this time he was a hard-working man. Later, he was engaged in merchandising as a partner of his brother, Peter S., and during the last twenty years of his life was a large real estate dealer, bought and sold large bodies of coal land. He held the office of justice of the peace whilst living on the farm in Elk Lick township. It was during his administration that Henry Baughman secretly murdered his son, and he was the leading spirit in ferreting out the crime and bringing the criminal to justice. He was a man of good judgment and a thoroughgoing man. Whatever he undertook to do he did with all his might. At an early age he united with the Reformed church, and continued a faithful and consistent member until his death."

"...Philip Hay was born April 3, 1819. He was married to Anna Olinger, a daughter of Jacob Olinger, and they had eleven children, two of whom, Ellen and Mark, died in infancy. Nine survive, six sons and three daughters viz.: William P., former county commissioner; Hiram P., Sylvester S., Simon Peter, Ephriam P., Luke, Melinda, wife of Milliard Walker; Clara, wife of Wilson E. Walker; and Sarah, wife of Lewis Berkley. Philip Hay was a man of remarkable energy and endurance. He resided on the old homestead all his life, engaged in active farm life until the last two years of his life, when he sold his farm to his son Sylvester. He was a conservative man, but enthusiastic in all he undertook, whether it pertained to matters of business or religion. He was not a pessimist, but was an optimist, believing that success in any good cause would crown well directed energetic and persistent work. He was kind and indulgent to the members of his family. He had a word of cheer for everyone who tried to do his duty, and the young people of the neighborhood were the objects of his tenderest solicitude, and his earnest words of advice and encouragement will be remembered all their lifetime. He was a true Christian man, and died peacefully as he lived, on August 15, 1901.
Peter S. Hay was born in Brothers Valley township, August 8, 1832. He acquired a common school education, and taught one term of school in Jenner township. He worked on the farm until he was about eighteen years of age, and then entered the store of Samuel Walker, at Lavansville, where he remained about two years. In 1853 he commenced the mercantile business on his own account in Salisbury, and continued until the date of his death in 1903, either by himself or in partnership with his brother Michael under the firm name of Hay & Brother, and later with Josiah M. Hay, his nephew, in the name of Hay & Co. From 1871 to 1903 the business was carried on in his own name. He also dealt largely in real estate. He was a shrewd, conservative business man, and his judgment was sought by the best of business men, and no enterprise of any magnitude was undertaken in his community without first getting his opinion. He was a conscientious Christian man, universally esteemed by all!
who personally knew him. He was a liberal supporter of the Reformed church, with which he was identified from early youth. All worthy and charitable objects received hearty aid and sympathy at his hands. On January 5, 1854, he was married to Elizabeth Diveley, a daughter of Michael Diveley, of Salisbury. They had seven children, three of whom died in infancy; four survive, viz.: Harvey, Morris Russel, Jennie, wife of Dr. A. M. Lichty, of Salisbury, and George C. Harvey has been made the candidate of the Democratic and the Independent Republican parties for the house of representatives of Pennsylvania. Peter S. Hay died March 4, 1903.
Valentine Hay was born October 17, 1834, in Brothers Valley township. His father died when he was ten years of age, and he worked for his brothers, Michael and Philip, until he was eighteen years of age on the farm. He taught school during three annual sessions. In 1853 he attended the academy established by the Everhart brothers in Berlin. In 1854 he entered Heidelberg College at Tiffin, Ohio, and in June, 1857, he graduated with the degree of A. B. During the three months' summer vacation in 1856 he commenced reading law in the office of William J. and Herman L. Baer, of Somerset, Pennsylvania, and after graduating at college he applied himself closely to the study of the law and was admitted to the bar April 28, 1858, and has been in continued practice for forty-eight years. From January 1, 1863, to July 1, 1867, in connection with his law practice he was the editor and proprietor of the 'Somerset Democrat.' His contention was that the fire-eaters of the south and the red hot Abolitionists, of the north--the extremists of both sections, who numbered but a corporal's guard compared with the entire population--were responsible for the condition of affairs that plunged the country into a fratricidal civil war, and if the proper effort had been made and at the proper time by the powers in being, the civil war could have been averted. And while the war was being waged he condemned the partisan prejudices that drove the best generals from the field and supplanted them by incompetent, blundering officers, that brought repeated disaster to our arms and protracted the war unnecessarily and multiplied the horrors and sacrifices of the war. On April 11, 1865, he was married to Elizabeth A. Weimer, the daughter of Dr. John Weimer, of Akron, Ohio, and they had one child born to them, July 19, 1867, Leora Carter, who was married to J. R. Nutt, October 8, 1890, and to whom was born a son, Robert H. Nutt, September 1894. They reside in Cleveland,Ohio. The honorary degree of doctor of laws was conferred upon him by Heidelberg University, his alma mater, in June, 1906.
Mary Hay was the oldest daughter of Peter S. Hay and was born October 23, 1821. She was married to Mose[s] Young and lived most of her married life on a farm one mile north of Lavansville. They had five children; one of them, Austin, died June 2, 1891; four are living, viz: S. P. Young, of Salisbury; Ellen, wife of Aaron F. Bittner; Binnie, wife of Jefferson Will; and Lavan Young, resides in Lavansville. Moses Young died June 12, 1897, aged eighty-one years, two months and twelve days. Mrs. Young died March 26, 1905, aged eighty-three years, five months and three days.
Susan Hay was the next oldest daughter and was born February 10, 1824. She was married to Samuel Walker, who in 1885 was elected associate judge and served in that capacity until his death in October, 1888. They had five children, two dead and three living, viz.: Binnie S., wife of James Tipton; Mary and Elizabeth, unmarried, and living with their mother.
Elizabeth Hay was born February 27, 1826. She married John Rink and they lived on a farm in Jenner township for nearly fifty years. They had four children, three of whom are living, viz: William H., of Johnstown; Ella and Milton Rink. Mrs. Rink is now living with her son. She is a kind-hearted, Christian woman.
Catherine Hay was born August 3, 1828, was married to Frederick Weller, and they resided together in the Weller homestead, two miles north of Somerset, for nearly sixty years. Their family consists of three sons and three daughters: Cecilla, married Alexander Nichelson; Agnus, married Frank Musser; and Louisa, married Noah Meyers. The three sons are at home.
Caroline Hay was born July 8, 1840, was married to Samuel M. Saylor, and now lives on a farm one and one-half miles from Somerset. They have six children; two of them, Peter and Calvin, are married and live on the farm, and the two other sons are single and live at home. They had two daughters, Sarah, who was married to John Bowman, but is now deceased, and Carrie, who is single and lives at home. ["History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 51-56]

treasurer of Belmont County and a prominent resident of St. Clairsville, Ohio, was born in Wheeling township, Belmont County, in 1857. He is a son of Henderson and Catherine (Downing) Hays.
Henderson Hays was born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, March 29, 1821, and was the eldest son of William and Elizabeth (Irwin) Hays. By the death of his parents he was thrown upon his own resources at the early age of 12 years. He resided in his native county until a short time after his first marriage, when he moved to Wheeling township, and there following farming until his death. In 1842, he married Olivia Coulter, who died in 1852, having given birth to the following children: Euphemia E., who was born in 1845, and married John Caldwell in 1872; Cynthia A., who was born in 1846, and was married in 1876, to John Gillespy; and Mary T., who was born in 1848, and was married in 1874, to R.E. Dool. Henderson Hays formed a second union in 1854, with Catherine Downing, a daughter of John and Eleanor (Lee) Downing, both natives of Ohio. Five children were born to them, namely: William G., born in 1855, who resides at Bannock, Ohio; John D., the subject of this sketch; Olivia E., who was born in 1862, and died in 1863; and Lena M., born in 1867, who was married in 1889, to Rev. Thomas E. Holliday, both of whom are now missionaries in India. Mr. Hays died January 1, 1890, and Mrs. Hays, who was born March 21, 1827, now resides in St. Clairsville.
John D. Hays was reared and schooled in his native township, and followed farming until 1894. In that year, having been appointed deputy county treasurer, he necessarily moved to St. Clairsville, where he discharged the duties of that office for two successive terms. In 1901, before his term of office had expired, he was nominated by acclamation for county treasurer, and his election followed in November of that year. He is a man of recognized ability, and is held in high esteem.
Mr. Hays is a member of Flushing Lodge, F. & A.M; Chapter, No. 54, R.A.M.; and Hope Commandery, No. 26, K.T. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, superintendent of the carpenter and construction gang at the Bellaire plant of the National Steel Company for the past twelve years, is one of the oldest employees of the plant, his term of service ranking second. Mr. Hays is highly esteemed by his employers for his efficiency and long years of faithful attachment to their interests.
Julius H. Hays was born in 1852 in Germany, and alone and dependent upon his own resources he came to America at the age of 15 years. In Germany his father operated a large wind-power flouring mill, but the youth believed he could better his condition in a new country. A sister, Mulder, resides in Texas. Being willing, energetic and pleasant in manner, he soon secured employment in New York as clerk in a store at $8 a month and continued there for two years, and then went to Wheeling, West Virginia. There he learned the carpenter trade with William Bitmeyer, and followed the same in Wheeling, later being one of the builders of the Aetna Standard Mill. In 1884 he came to Bellaire and began work as a journeyman carpenter with his present employers, and by careful and thorough work gained his promotion in 1890 to the position of superintendent of all of the carpentering and construction of the heavy rigging of the steel works with a force of from 40 to 50 men under his charge. During his seventeen years' connection with this plant Mr. Hays has seen many changes. When he came here in 1884 three carpenters only were required where now fourteen, with helpers, are needed, and the mules which used to pull the cars have been replaced by twelve locomotives. The single blast furnace, where 60 tons of pig-iron was a large day's work, has been superseded by furnaces with a capacity of 350 tons.
Mr. Hays has a beautiful home at No. 4754 Jefferson street, containing eight apartments and surrounded by a fine lawn. The house was erected by him in 1888. He has a most interesting family, which is well and favorably known in the city. His marriage was to Carrie Backer, daughter of Peter Backer, who came to Wheeling 52 years ago from Germany and was engaged for 28 years at the La Belle coal mine. Mr. Backer at the age of 81 years is still vigorous and but lately returned from an enjoyable visit to his native land. The five children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hays were: Anna, at home; Alberta, the wife of Augustus Stellars, of the Novelty Stamping Company; John, a clerk and assistant mechanical engineer at the steel works; Nellie, a stenographer in the office of the steel works, and George, receiving clerk at the National steel works.
In political sentiment Mr. Hays is an ardent Republican, and he is fraternally connected with the Ancient Order of United Workmen. In his religious views he is very liberal, seeing good in every denomination, but his family attend the Episcopal Church, and this he liberally assists. From the position of a poor German lad without friends, Mr. Hays has made his own way in the world and now possesses ample means, many friends and is well deserving the high esteem in which he is held by those who know him best. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HAZEN, JOHN A., a prosperous farmer of Union township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, February 3, 1830, and is a son of Hon. George W. and Nancy (Bowman) Hazen, natives of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, respectively.
Judge Hazen was about three years of age when taken by his parents to live in Pennsylvania. Both his parents lived beyond the age of 70 years. He was educated for the legal profession and attained high rank among the lawyers of his section. He and his family came to Ohio in 1833, and he lived in southeast Ohio during the remainder of his life, dying in 1861 at the age of 66 years. He served as judge in Belmont County for a period of seven years, and was a most worthy man, who enjoyed the acquaintance of many throughout the county. Although reared in the Episcopal Church, his parents having belonged to the Church of England, he later joined the Presbyterian Church, of which he was a devout member. In politics he was conservative, but held strenuously to his views. Although he had much political influence and was the ruling spirit in politics in the county, the only office ever accepted was that of judge, declining to run for a senatorship. He owned a farm of 270 acres, most of which still remains in the possession of his family. He was a Mason, and Hazen Lodge, of Morristown, was named in his honor. He married Nancy Bowman, a daughter of John and Catherine (Snively) Bowman, relatives of the Bowmans and Hoggs of Brownsville, Pennsylvania. She died in 1888, at the advanced age of 86 years. She was a faithful member of the Presbyterian Church and was an active church worker. Four children were born to them, as follows: David H., at one time partner of Governor Shannon, of St. Clairsville, was an attorney-at-law - he moved to Pittsburg and then to Kansas, where he died; Dr. Charles A. died at the age of 61 years in Kansas City, where he had practiced for some years; Catherine resides with the subject of this sketch; and John A.
John A. Hazen was educated in the common schools of this county and at an early age engaged in farming, at which he has since continued. He follows diversified farming and possesses 160 acres, all of which is underlaid with coal, presumably four veins. He stands high in the esteem of his fellow citizens and has many warm personal friends.
Mr. Hazen was united in marriage December 24, 1863, to Ellen McKelvey, who was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, May 14, 1842, and was a daughter of William and Mary (Laughland) McKelvey, both now deceased. She was a Presbyterian and was a zealous church worker. Her death occurred October 14, 1894, at the age of 52 years, being survived by her husband and two children, namely: Florence C., an artist, who married Dr. C.U. Patterson, a practitioner of Uhrichsville, by whom she has two children, Myra and Hazen; and William C., who is a machinist of Uhrichsville. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HEALEY, RICHARD - manager and superintendent of the Barnesville Creamery, of Barnesville, Ohio, is one of the capable, self-reliant and successful young business men of this city, of which he has been a resident since 1895.
Mr. Healey was born in Butler, Indiana, on November 10, 1866, and is a son of John and Hannah (Irwin) Healey. John Healey was born in Massachusetts, January 1, 1838. In his earlier years he followed the coopering trade, but later became extensively interested in the timber business, and was thus engaged until his death, May 13, 1898. Hannah (Irwin) Healey died July 27, 1881.
Richard Healey was one of a family of three children born to his parents, and was reared and schooled in Ohio, his father having located at Lima and engaged in the manufacture of stoves when Richard was seven years old. As he grew to manhood he also became interested in the timber business, but later was employed by a creamery concern. He represented a large supply house on the road and traveled through the West. In 1898 he accepted his present responsible position with the Barnesville Creamery, and since that time the business has been increased many per cent. He is also interested in the commission business. Mr. Healey's knowledge is practical, and his methods and management have demonstrated his ability as superintendent. The average monthly business under Mr. Healey's charge amounts to from $1,800 to $2,000, and it is constantly growing larger. All modern appliances are in use calculated to increase the value and quantity of the output, with a minimizing of expense, the consequence being that this industry is one of the best paying ones in the city.
The first marriage of Mr. Healey was to Sarah Abplanalp, in 1884, and one child, Margaret, was born to them. Mrs. Healey died July 28, 1895. In 1899 Mr. Healey was married to Mary Taylor, a daughter of J.A. Taylor. In fraternal affiliation Mr. Healey is a valued member of the Knights of Pythias and Independent Order of Foresters. He is prominently identified with the Democratic party. The religious connection of the family is with the Christian Church. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HEATHERINGTON FAMILY has been prominently identified with the coal interests of Belmont County, especially in the vicinity of Bellaire, for a number of years, and it is conspicuous not only for wealth and business activity, but also for its public spirit, civic usefulness and social position.
Jacob Heatherington, a most highly esteemed citizen of this city, and the father of Winfield Scott Heatherington, was born in 1814, in England, and came to America at the age of 14 years with his parents and four brothers, the latter locating in various parts of the country. Mr. Heatherington had no education advantages in his youth. He followed the occupation of "trapper" in the mines near his home in the north of England prior to coming to the United States. His father located at West Wheeling, Ohio, and there conducted a small coal mine, the same now operated by the Brooks Coal Company. Jacob Heatherington came to Bellaire while still young, and soon after became the owner of a lot of eight acres of land, and on that tract the most of his children were born. His first residence, where three of the children were born, survived the flood of 1832, and the second building stood through the flood of 1852, which demolished so much river property.
In these early days, Mr. Heatherington was closely associated with Captain Fink, and at various times purchased small tracts of land in the valley from Fink, which yearly increased in value and are now largely built upon, comprising a very important part of the city of Bellaire.
The foundation of Mr. Heatherington's large fortune was laid in working in the coal mines, and in this connection, notice must be made of an humble member of the family known as "Jack." Inseparably connected with Mr. Heatherington's early and arduous labors was the little black mule called "Jack." As he grew old and died, worn out through 44 years of useful service, the "side-partner," as his affectionate and appreciative master denominated him, was given burial in a quiet and shady corner of the estate, while the members of the family grieved as at the loss of a friend. In recognition of a companion who never failed him in days of adversity, Mr. Heatherington, in erecting his palatial mansion in this city, ordered that a graven image of "Jack" should adorn the keystone over its front door.
Jacob Heatherington first labored in the coal mine which opens near the present residence of Carl L. Dorer, on McMechen's Creek, and later opened a mine just below his residence. A few years after he opened what is known as Belmont No. 1, and which is now operated by Albert Heatherington, the son of the former owner. His next enterprise was the opening up of Belmont No. 2, the "River" mine, and this was operated by the family until 1899, when it was sold to the Empire Coal Company, which works it under the same name. It is a most valuable property, and has been operated for 20 years by Winfield Scott Heatherington and Miss Lyde Heatherington, daughter of the late Alexander Heatherington and niece of Jacob Heatherington. At the close of the Civil War, Mr. Heatherington made a trip to his native land and upon his return brought with him a prominent English architect, who planned and built the stately home in South Bellaire, at a cost of $30,000. This home is about the most elaborate residence in the city. The bricks used in its construction were burned upon the estate. This architect while in Ohio was engaged to erect other buildings, the capitol at Wheeling being an example of his architecture. The children of Jacob Heatherington were the following: Melinda, John, Alexander, Hamden, Martha, Winfield Scott, Wilbur, Oella, who died in 1894; Albert; and Perky, who died at the age of five years. Of these, Melinda died young. John served three years in the Civil War. He married Amanda Waggoner and their one child, Elmer Ellsworth, is deceased. Alexander died in 1891, aged about 54 years. He married Elizabeth Jones, a native of Belmont County, who resides at Bellaire. Four of their children died young, and the four surviving ones are: Lyde, who capably carries on her father's business, in association with her uncle, our subject; Flora, who married James F. DuBois, a prominent citizen of Bellaire; Jacob, who is a clerk in Bellaire; and Edwin, who is still in school. Hamden is a veteran of the Civil War, having served four years, and was mustered out as captain; in 1889, he removed to Noble County, Ohio, where he is engaged in farming. He married Elizabeth Penn, a native of Belmont County, and their one son and three daughters are the following: Jacob, who is married and has two children, lives at Newport News, Virginia, where he is a ship carpenter, in the employ of the government; Olie, who is married, lives at Point Pleasant, West Virginia; Mabel, also married, lives in Indiana; and Nellie, who is a young lady at home. Martha resides at Bellaire. Wilbur, who was born in 1849, died about 1879, leaving his widow and two children - Serena and Oella. Albert, who is married and resides at Bellaire, has two sons, William and Jacob, the latter of whom manages the mine known as Belmont No. 1. In politics this family has been united in its allegiance to the Republican party. With the exception of John, all of the sons and father have been identified with either the Masonic or Odd Fellow fraternities. The Christian Church in this section was largely built by Jacob Heatherington, and the family membership has been with that religious body through many years.
Jacob Heatherington's wife was a most estimable woman and a devout member of the Christian Church. Her demise was sadly mourned. She died in 1896, aged about 80 years.
Winfield Scott Heatherington was born near the residence of his father, in South Bellaire, in 1847. At that time his father owned 52 acres of the valuable land along the river, about one-half of which has been sold to the railroads and for choice resident sites. Mr. Heatherington has operated what is known as the "River" mine, as noted above, his duties being the superintendence of the outside work, while his niece manages the office. Three fine residences are in course of construction, several blocks north of the family home. They are being built by our subject, his brother, John, and Lyde, his niece. Winfield Scott Heatherington married a daughter of Rudolph Archer, deceased, and to this union were born four sons and two daughters, namely: Howard, who was formerly a miner, but now a glass worker, married Eva Harper, has one child, Eugene, and resides in the First Ward; Orlando, who is also a glass worker, married Miss Rufer and has two sons - Raymond and Newell; Maud, who married John Rankin, bookkeeper for the Delaplain Dry Goods Company of Wheeling, resides on Wheeling Island, and is the mother of two sons - Chauncey A. and Ralph H.; Albert, who conducts a large gentlemen's furnishing business in Bellaire, a member of the firm of Heatherington & Archer, married Mary Buchanan, and they have one daughter, Mildred; Winfield Scott, Jr., who is the master of a vessel and pilot, secured his license on the day he reached his majority, being the youngest pilot then in government waters, married Anna Schramm, and they have one daughter, Grace; and Martha, the youngest, who resides at home.
The Heatherington name has been perpetuated in many ways in Belmont County, and has long been familiar in many circles, most notably in a musical organization, known as the Heatherington Band. It was organized over 60 years ago by William and Jacob Heatherington, the latter being at that time the drummer. Winfield Scott Heatherington was elected to that rank while still too small to carry his drum, and later conducted the band for some 30 years, being an expert baritone player. His eldest son is also skilled on the same instrument. He resigned this duty to his son in 1887. The band consists of 24 pieces and it is well known all over the county. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, JOSEPH W. -- chief engineer of the city water works of Bellaire, Belmont County, Ohio, was born in 1850 and is a son of Ralph and Margaret (Dixon) Heatherington.
John Heatherington, grandfather of our subject, with his son, John, Jr., came from Durham County, England, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1829. The remainder of the family arrived in Philadelphia, July 10, 1830. They came to Wheeling in 1832 and there followed lead mining for a time, after which they went down the Ohio and up the Mississippi River to Galena, Illinois, where John Heatherington died at the age of 45 years. He was an expert at locating coal mines, known in England as "blossom finder." He had five sons and four daughters, as follows: John, deceased; William, deceased; Jacob, who resides in South Bellaire; Ralph, father of our subject; Edward, deceased; Jane, deceased; Rebecca, deceased; Isabel, deceased; and Mary, a widow, residing with her two daughters in Southern California.
Ralph Heatherington was born July 13, 1817, and came to this country with his parents. During the year 1833 he worked for Captain Fink, and later went to Illinois when the family moved thither. All of the Heatherington family were coal miners but Edward, who followed tailoring and moved to Iowa, where his sons still reside. The latter and two sons served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Ralph returned to Bellaire from Illinois in 1846 and formed a partnership with a Mr. Erick, later conducting alone the mines now known as the Schick mines. He opened numerous mines for others and actively managed them, among them being the old Sullivan and the Barnard Mine. He was a man of great physical strength and lived to reach the age of 78 years, dying July 26, 1895. He married Margaret Dixon, a daughter of George Dixon, a former coal and river man of Bridgeport, for whom he ran on boats for a time. She survived her husband until April, 1898, when she died at the age of 79 years. Six children blessed their union, as follows: Mrs. Stephen Hipkins, of Martin's Ferry; George, who has been in the lumber business at St. Paul, Minnesota, since 1881; Joseph W.; Mrs. Virginia Burkle, of Martin's Ferry; Mrs. Della Rigsby, of Belmont County; and Mrs. Emma Dessell, of Pittsburg.
Joseph W. Heatherington started at the machinist's trade in 1867 in the old C. & O. shops, and subsequently followed his trade at different places. For a period of 18 years he was employed in the steel plant, and since 1893 has been chief engineer of the Bellaire Water Works. He has rendered the most satisfactory service in that capacity, and is unexcelled as a skilled mechanic and engineer.
Mr. Heatherington was joined in marriage with Miranda Blackburn, who was born at Wheeling and is a daughter of O.T. Blackburn. They have six children: Oliver, a painter, who is married and has four children; Minnie (Krieder), of Bellaire; Howard, who is engaged at the Novelty Stamping Works; Margaret, who lives at home; Russell and Ralph. Our subject resides with his family at No. 4554 Jefferson Street. In politics he is a Republican and served as a member of the water board from 1887 to 1890, and is now serving his sixth year as member of the Board of Education, of which he is president. Fraternally, he is a member of the Odd Fellow lodge and encampment, and the Knights of the Maccabees. In religious faith he is Presbyterian. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENDERSHOT, J. TAYLOR - one of the best known citizens of Washington township, Belmont County, is a prosperous general merchant of Hendershot, of which he is also the postmaster. He was born in this township in 1849, and is a son of Henry and Mary (Barrett) Hendershot.
Henry Hendershot engaged in farming all his life, and for many years lived on the farm now occupied by our subject. He died in 1885 and his wife in 1871. The mother was probably a Virginian by birth, and was in the block-house at Wheeling during the trouble with Indians. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hendershot became parents of the following children: John Peter, deceased, a soldier of the Civil War; William, deceased, who also served in the army; Henry Clay, deceased, also a soldier of the Union Army; Elizabeth, deceased; Annie (McGar), a widow, residing near Belmont; Lydia Bell, deceased, and J. Taylor, subject of this biography.
J. Taylor Hendershot was reared and has always made his home on the farm. Early in the "nineties" he established a general store, carrying a stock of goods invoicing about $2,000, and this he has since conducted in a most successful manner. When Hendershot was made a post office some seven years ago our subject received the appointment of postmaster, in which capacity he has since continued. He owns a farm of 160 acres, all of which is well improved and is operated under his direction. He was joined in marriage with Eunice Hall, a daughter of Job Hall, and they have three children: Birdie O., now at Steubenville; Foster Welch, at Captina Mills, and Bernie Baer, at home. Politically he is a Republican and has served as township trustee and in other local offices. He is a member of Moriah Lodge, No. 105, F. & A.M., of Powhatan. In religious attachment he is a member of Grand View Christian Church.
Job Hall, father of Mrs. Hendershot, was born in Richland township, Belmont County, in 1824, and is a son of William and Nancy (Dillon) Hall, and grandson of Dennis Hall. The last named moved to Wheeling from Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1805, and later located in Pease township, and finally in Richland township, Belmont County, Ohio. He was a miller by trade and followed milling throughout life. He married Rachel Shubridge, who died in Knox County, Ohio, and of the children born to them four died before leaving Virginia. The others, William Y., John, James, Nancy, and Priscilla, are now all deceased. William Y. Hall, father of Job Hall, was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, January 9, 1795, and came with his father to Richland township. He resided in Belmont County until 1854, when he moved to the State of Iowa, locating in Appanoose County, where he followed carpentering and farming. His death occurred January 13, 1870. His wife, Nancy Dillon, was born in Greene County, Pennsylvania, in 1801, and was a daughter of Job and Catherine (Colly) Dillon, whom emigrated from Pennsylvania to Richland township when Mrs. Hall was very small. She died in 1833 in the prime of life. Six children were born to William and Nancy Hall, namely: Alma, born in 1822, married and moved to Iowa, where she died; Job; Lovina, born in 1827, married Isaac Meek and died in this county; Melissa, born in 1829, died at Armstrong's Mills; Catherine, born in 1831, died single, and Nancy, born in 1833, who is the wife of William Slay, of Glencoe.
Job Hall was four years old when brought to Washington township, where he has since made his home, having now passed the age of 78 years. He was reared on a farm, but later took up the trade of a millwright when 33 years of age. He engaged at various mills and continued in the business until some five years ago, his last work being to help put in the rolls at the Armstrong Mills, which were later burned. He has resided on his present home farm since 1859, and has followed farming during that period. He was married in 1849 to Elizabeth Hendershot, who was born in Washington township in 1824, and is a daughter of Daniel and Mary (Brewer) Hendershot. They have five children: Eunice, born in 1850 and wife of J.T. Hendershot; James W., born in 1852, died at the age of two years; Alonzo O., born in 1854, resides at Bellaire, where he is engaged in the grocery business; Mary, born in 1857, wife of Samuel Carpenter, of York township; and Viola, born in 1860, married Charles F. Kocher, a blacksmith, and resides at Armstrong's Mills. Politically Mr. Hall is a Democrat and has served in various township offices. Fraternally he is a member of Captina Lodge, No. 429, I.O.O.F. His wife is a member of the Christian Church and he is a Universalist. . ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, PETER W. -- a prosperous farmer and also proprietor of the Helpbringer Mills of Richland township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born in Goshen township in 1846, and is a son of John and Tamzin (Wolf) Helpbringer.
John Helpbringer was born in Frederick County, Virginia, in 1809, and died in 1887. He came to Ohio, first locating in Guernsey County, and subsequently in Goshen township, Belmont County, in 1840. He then moved to Smith township, where he lived almost 40 years. He then lived with his son, Peter W., for three years, after which he made his home at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Ramsey, in Mead township, until his death. He was a farmer, and also operated the Helpbringer four and saw mills for a period of twenty-five years. He was a Republican in politics, and in religious attachment was a member of the M.E. Church. He was united in marriage with Tamzin Wolf, a daughter of Peter and Clarissa Wolf. She was born in Frederick County, Virginia, in 1809, and died in 1888. Religiously, she was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. To this union were born seven children: William, who lives in Missouri; Joshua Lupton, who died in 1879; Rebecca Ann, wife of Sterling Douglas, residing near Kelsey station, Smith township; John, deceased; Clara Virginia, wife of William E. Devoe, of Smith township; Peter W.; and Sarah A., wife of William Ramsey, of Mead township.
Peter W. Helpbringer is also a miller by trade and succeeded his father, upon the latter's retirement, as proprietor of the Helpbringer mills. He is also engaged in farming near Glencoe, his home farm consisting of 230 acres of valuable land, and he also owns 80 acres in Wayne township. His beautiful residence sits on an elevation and commands an excellent view of the surrounding country. He is a man of high principles, a good, loyal citizen, and commands the respect and highest esteem of his fellow men.
April 22, 1880, Mr. Helpbringer was united in the bonds of matrimony with Jane Louisa Neff, a daughter of Henry and Matilda Neff, who was born in Smith township in 1850. They are parents of five children, as follows: Henry N., who died in July, 1881; Adelbert S.; Clara May; Ralph E., who died January 26, 1901; and James N. Mrs. Helpbringer died February 7, 1901. Religiously, our subject is a member of the M.E. Church. He is a Republican in politics. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENDERSHOT, GEORGE WASHINGTON - one of the oldest and most prominent farmers of Washington township, Belmont County, was born in this township along Pea Vine Creek, in 1818.
He is a son of Michael and Mary (Space) Hendershot, who emigrated from New Jersey February 15, 1815, locating along Captina Creek. They both died on the home farm when 86 years of age. The mother of our subject was the second wife of Michael Hendershot, and to them were born the following children: John, born in 1807, who died in 1833; Isaac, born in 1809, who died in Guernsey County, Ohio, in 1867; Henry, born February 26, 1811, who died in Washington township in 1885; George Washington, subject of this biography; Mary Ann, born in 1813, who died at the age of 21 years; Sarah Maria, born in 1820, who married Henry Lomar September 9, 1843, and lived in Beallsville, Monroe County, Ohio, where she died; and Michael, born in 1823, who died at Columbus and was buried in York township. By his first wife Michael Hendershot had two children, Daniel, who died in 1883, and Angeline, wife of Adolph Harmon, born in 1804, and died in Nebraska about 1893.
George W. Hendershot was reared and has always resided in Washington township. He owns about one section of land, which is devoted to sheep raising and general farming under his supervision. He cleared this land at an early day and actively managed it until a few years ago, when it was given into the care of his sons, each of whom receives his share of the crops.
September 30, 1843, Mr. Hendershot married Sevilla Carpenter, who was born in Monroe County, Ohio, in 1824, and is a daughter of Robert Carpenter, who moved to York township, Belmont County, when she was eight years of age. Twelve children were born to them: The eldest died in infancy; Penelope, wife of William Pfeffenbach, resides at Bellaire; Michael Taylor, who lives on the home farm, married Margaret Linden and has five children; Robert C., also residing on the home farm, married Lovina Taylor, deceased, and later Margaret Bryson; Henry S., residing on his father's farm, married Elizabeth Bryson; Sevilla Jane, wife of John Graham, resides on her father's farm on Pea Vine Creek; Mary, wife of Christopher Schnegg, lives in York township; Alice, who died at Wheeling, was the wife of David Honey; Margaret, who married Ross Carle, resides on Pea Vine Creek; George Grant, who resides with his father, married Sarah Diantha Hess; Nancy Ellen, married George Carle and resides near Bellaire, Pultney township; and Anna Laura died at the age of three years. Although Mr. Hendershot's eyesight has failed rapidly in recent years, he retains all his old-time sagacity in business affairs, and gives counsel to his sons. He is most highly esteemed and has friends of long standing in the county. He has always been a Republican since the organization of the party. He was reared a Presbyterian, but is inclined to be liberal in his views. . ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENDERSON, ALEXANDER Y., a progressive farmer of Wheeling township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born on his present farm July 18, 1844, and is a son of Alexander and grandson of Andrew Henderson.
Andrew Henderson was born in Pennsylvania and was of Scotch-Irish descent. He was the father of the following children: Alexander, father of our subject; Andrew, who lived at Cambridge; William, who lived and died in the West; James, a United Presbyterian minister, who died in Iowa, where his family still reside; Matthew, born in 1807, lived in Wheeling township - he married Miranda A. Perrian, who was born in New York City in 1811 and they had 11 children: John, who lived in Belmont County, died at St. Clairsville in 1897; Martha, who married John Carnahan, died in Athens, Ohio; Elizabeth, wife of William McFarland, died in Athens, Ohio; and Mary, wife of John Kerr, died in Belmont County.
Alexander Henderson was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1797, and was a young man when he came with his father to Ohio about 1815. He settled and cleared the land which became known as the old family homestead, it at one time comprising more than 500 acres. He was father of the following children: Andrew, born in Belmont County, in 1824, moved to Missouri after the war, in which he and two sons, Samuel and William, fought. He later went west, and at the time of his death in 1899 was living in Boonville, Missouri. William, born in 1828, lived in Colerain township until his death, and his family still reside there. James, born in 1832, was captain of Company G, 170th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and was wounded at Snicker's Gap July 18, 1864. He died in Colerain township in 1873. Alexander Y. is the subject of this biography. Mary Jane, born in 1826, married Samuel Sloan, by whom she had 11 children. Martha, born in 1830, married William Kerr, who died in 1890, leaving four children. Elizabeth, who lives in Kansas, is the widow of John Baker, who died in 1901. Hannah Ann, wife of James Coulter, lives near Harrisville, in Harrison County, Ohio.
Alexander Y. Henderson attended the common schools of his community, and was but 20 years of age when he enlisted in Company G, 170th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf. He participated in the engagements at Snicker's Gap and Winchester, and was with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. He has always followed farming as an occupation, and just after his marriage settled on the farm to the south of his present location. His house was destroyed by fire in 1868, and was replaced by a handsome new brick home at a cost of $3,200. He moved to his present farm in 1900 and erected a new house and barn. He has 40 acres of the old homestead, and follows general farming and stock raising. He raises nothing but registered stock, and makes a specialty of Chester White hogs and Scotch Collie dogs. He is a fine penman, and in 1900 was called upon to take the census of the township. He has been notary public since 1896, school director seven or eight years, and has held other township offices. He is a Republican, and has been central committeeman for a period of 12 years.
Our subject was married October 25, 1866, to Rachel A. Coulter, who was born January 8, 1844, and is a daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann Coulter. Her father was born in Maryland in 1816 and died January 8, 1901; her mother was born in Belmont County in 1815 and died in 1890. Ten children were born to this union: Charles L., September 13, 1867, a veterinary surgeon of Flushing; Alfred H., born March 6, 1869, agent and telegraph operator at Fairpoint, married Laura Berry, of Bridgeport; Frank Wilmer, born December 23, 1870, who is cashier of the First National Bank of Bridgeport, married Carrie Branum; Alonzo Ross, born December 15, 1872, is in the employ of the Crescent Coal Company - he was married March 30, 1893, to Nona Edwards, and has three children; Elma Novelta, born January 24, 1875, married William F. Lemmon and lives in Harrison County, Ohio; Luman C., born February 7, 1877, is telegraph operator on the Lake Erie Railroad, near Canton, Ohio; Oralena T., born January 13, 1879, is at home; Marion F., born October 17, 1882; Anna Angelica, born December 29, 1885; and Alexander Y., Jr. Religiously, the family belongs to the U.P. Church. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENDERSON, JOHN LARUE and ROBERT PATTERSON HENDERSON, prominent farmers of Wheeling township, Belmont County, Ohio, are sons of Matthew Henderson, and grandsons of Andrew Henderson.
Matthew Henderson was united in marriage with Miranda Perrian, who was born in New York City and whose ancestors at an early day moved from Holland to France and at a later date became established in America. One, Jacob Perrian, was surveyor for William Penn and entered some land, where the city of Philadelphia now stands, and, it is said, leased it for 99 years. Peter Perrian, father of Mrs. Henderson, moved to Ohio in 1821 and in 1822 established an old wheat mill in Belmont County. He subsequently moved to Harrisville, and then to Monroe County. He died at the age of 85 years, and his wife died four years later at the age of 85 years. They had seven children, all of whom are now deceased. Matthew Henderson and Miranda Perrian were married on Wheeling Creek in Belmont County in 1831, and there passed the remainder of their lives, the former dying in September, 1862, and the latter March 1, 1887. To them were born the following children: William P., deceased; John Larue; Wilson; Leander, deceased; Edward, deceased; Matthew C., who was never married and lives in Colerain township; Peter P., deceased; Andrew J.; Alexander, deceased; Mary P., deceased; Miranda, deceased; and Robert Patterson.
John Larue Henderson was born in Wheeling township, two miles below his present farm, August 6, 1833. He took to farming at an early day and has since continued in that occupation with unvarying success. He has 122 acres of land and follows general farming and stock raising. He enlisted in 1864 in the 100-day service, participating in several hard fought battles. He has never married. In politics he has always been a stalwart Republican. Religiously, he was baptized in the old Seceders' Presbyterian Church.
Robert Patterson Henderson was born where his residence now stands in Wheeling township, June 8, 1855, and has followed farming all his life, remaining at home until after his marriage. He moved to Oregon, where he lived some 14 months, then moved to Oklahoma Territory, where he was the first man that ever sowed wheat in Pottawatomie County, hauling the seed a distance of 72 miles with ox-teams. In 1891 he was married to Mary C. Dietrich, a daughter of Philip Dietrich of West Wheeling. Her parents are of German descent, and she is one of 12 children, all of whom are now living but John. To this union was born one child, Mabel Esther, born May 4, 1892, in Linn County, Oregon. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

., a hardware merchant of Martin's Ferry, and one of the most industrious business men of the city, owns the finest hardware store in the county, and has numerous other business enterprises that occupy all his attention, among them his interests in the coal lands so abundant throughout the States of Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Mr. Henderson is a son of Hugh and Margaret (Cowen) Henderson, natives of the Keystone State, and is himself a native of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, where he was born February 13, 1863. Hugh Henderson was a stationary engineer by vocation, and followed that occupation throughout most of his lifetime. Previous to taking this up, however, he was a miller and owned a mill in Pennsylvania for many years until after the Civil War, when in 1869 he removed to Ohio and settled on a farm three miles from Martin's Ferry. This farm has recently been sold to the Cleveland & Pittsburg Railroad Company, who will open up the coal fields it contains. Hugh Henderson is now a retired business man and resides at the old Henderson homestead in Martin's Ferry, situated at the head of Walnut street. He has reached the advanced age of 76 years. For three score years he has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, has held all the offices accorded to laymen, and has been superintendent of the Sunday-school, etc. His wife died at the age of 66 years, May 6, 1898, having been a lifelong member of the same Methodist Episcopal Church. She was one of the most devoted of church workers, always painstaking and thorough in all she did, and her deeds and efforts to help others will furnish pleasant, endearing memories to the many, who remember her still, for long years to come. Mr. and Mrs. Henderson were the parents of six children, our subject being the fifth child. The others are as follows: Jennie (Mrs. William P. Green), who resides in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; Homer W., who was first a commercial traveler for the Standard Oil Company until 1887, when he started the hotel business in Pittsburg, which he still carries on with good success; J.B., who is engaged in the coke and coal business at Vanderbilt, Pennsylvania, having enjoyed a very successful career; Emma, who is a resident of the home place with her father, is a very active church worker and possesses many of the qualities and noble traits of character which characterized the efficient services of her mother; and Hugh K., who lives in Pittsburg, where for 14 years he was in the coal business with Joseph Walton, and where he still is identified with the Pittsburg coal combine.
John M. Henderson, our subject, received training in the way of education in the commercial department of Frasher's College at Wheeling, West Virginia. He served an apprenticeship at the Martin's Ferry Stove Works, and was later a member of the Joseph Bell Stove Company, of Wheeling. He remained at that place until the foundry was moved to Muncie, Indiana, in 1890 and then he found employment in Martin's Ferry, in the establishment of the hardware business which he still conducts. His rooms are large and well supplied with a full line of jobbers' and builders' supplies, shelf hardware, brick, tile, etc., in fact everything that should be handled by a hardware merchant. The large patronage which he has and the satisfactory manner in which he conducts the business speak for his knowledge of the principles that are best employed, and for his honesty and accommodation as well. The building which he occupies could not have a better location, as it is on a corner in the business center of the city.
On October 22, 1892, Mr. Henderson was united in marriage with Ida M. Cope of Smithfield, Ohio, the only child of William and Mary A. Cope, who are members of the Society of Friends, residing at Smithfield. To the union of our subject and his wife have been born four children, but one of whom is now living. The record follows: William H. and Lewis, who died in infancy; Joseph Charles, whose death took place in 1900, at the age of four years; and Lewis B., now three years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Henderson are devoted to the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which the former has been trustee for over 20 years.
The business life of Mr. Henderson has many different enterprises to claim his attention, among which are the following. He is now the president of the First National Bank at Dillonvale, Ohio, which was established in February, 1901. He is also connected with other banking houses all along the Ohio Valley. He has coal stock, and an interest in the mines throughout the surrounding country; in the last three years he has disposed of 80,000 acres of coal land in West Virginia, Ohio and Pennsylvania. In Belmont County he has bought in fee over 5,000 acres of coal lands and disposed of over 18,000 acres.
In politics Mr. Henderson is a member of the Republican party, and was elected in 1890 to the City Council of Martin's Ferry, serving as a member two terms and as president of the same for two terms. He is always active in politics and as a business man is classed among the leaders in the Upper Ohio Valley. No matter how great the rush in business life, he has time for church, town or county whenever they desire his service or help. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENDERSON, ROBERT L., a photographer by profession, is said to be the best artist in Bellaire, Ohio. Mr. Henderson was born in 1869 in the city which is still his home, and he is a son of Robert and Hester J. (Sellers) Henderson. His father was a saddler by trade prior to his removal from Richmond, Virginia. After locating in Ohio, however, he followed railroad life, being employed in the transportation department of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad at Bellaire. He died in 1895, at the early age of 42 years.
The mother of our subject is still living, being at the present time a resident of Clarksburg, West Virginia. She was born in Wheeling, now West Virginia, and is a daughter of V.P. Sellers. Her father removed from West Virginia to Bellaire, Ohio, where he conducted a jewelry store.
Mr. Henderson is the eldest of a family of five children; the others are: Perry, of Parkersburg, West Virginia; Pearl (Ash); Edward, a theatrical man, who makes his home in Wheeling when not on the road; and Cora, who is still at home. Our subject was educated in the public schools of Bellaire and in his youth learned the photographer's trade with Mr. Sellers, an uncle, who now conducts a portable gallery. He began business on his own behalf in 1896 and has been very successful. His gallery is located at No. 3161 Union street, just north of the Globe Hotel, where he is pleased to see all patrons. His photographs show the touch of an artist and give excellent satisfaction.
Emma Coffman, of Bellaire, became the wife of our subject, and they have two children, Paul and Mildred. Mrs. Henderson's home was formerly in Centreville, Ohio, and the family have a pleasant cottage on Gravel Hill. In politics our subject is outspoken and true in his allegiance to the Republican party, and in fraternal circles he belongs to the Knights of Pythias and to the K.O.T.M. The family embrace the religion of the Christian Church and have a large number of friends. Mr. Henderson, wide awake to the interests of his community, is an upright, consistent and reliable citizen. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HENSLEY, J.M., M.D., a leading and successful physician of Bellaire, Ohio, with convenient offices on Union street in this city, is also an esteemed and public spirited citizen. He was born in Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1857, and is a son of Rev. James L. Hensley, M.D., who is now a resident of Marion, Ohio.
Rev. James L. Hensley, M.D., who is widely known as a popular minister in the United Brethren Church, is also noted as a physician of skill and learning, as a lawyer of ability and force, and, in addition, a statesman whose wise legislation has given him prominence. At the age of 70 years he is still at home in either profession. His birth took place in 1832, in Rockingham County, Virginia, and his early educational opportunities were limited. Reading and study later in life simply developed inherent faculties, making of him the brilliant man he has long been. In October, 1856, he engaged in the ministry of the United Brethren Church, and has never severed these relations. During the Civil War he was made commissary-general on the staff of General Boyer, serving in the 96th Regiment, West Virginia Militia. His collegiate and medical course was pursued at the Eclectic Medical Institute, at Cincinnati, Ohio, from which he graduated February 17, 1865. He was admitted to practice as an attorney before the pension and treasury departments of the United States, and in 1876 he was elected by the Republicans of Mason County, West Virginia, to the State Legislature, by a majority of 335 votes, serving through two terms. In 1877 he removed to Ohio and was elected by the Republican voters to the 72nd General Assembly, by the Marion-Morrow district, over Judge Asa A. Gardiner, by a plurality of 648 votes. He belongs to the Northern Ohio, the Ohio State, and the American Medical Associations. In addition to our subject, Rev. Mr. Hensley has these children: Dr. G.B., who was at one time located in Bellaire, but is now practicing at Chester, Meigs County, Ohio; David M., who is a jeweler and optician at Decatur, Indiana; Mrs. Mary J. Wetzell, who resides at Middleport, Meigs County; and Elizabeth F., the wife of George W. Smith, who is engaged in the steel works at Martin's Ferry, Ohio.
Dr. J.M. Hensley, the immediate subject of this sketch, was primarily educated in West Virginia, later entering Carleton College, at Syracuse, Ohio, from which he graduated in 1876. His medical reading occupied three years, including a course at Starling Medical College, at Columbus, and in 1882 he began his practice in his native State for 10 years. He then graduated at the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati in 1892, and took up practice in that school in Meigs County, Ohio. In 1897 he came to Belmont County and resided in Martin's Ferry during the two following years, and then moved to Bellaire, where his time has been fully occupied ever since.
The marriage of Dr. Hensley was to Marinda Douglas, of Jackson County, West Virginia, and the six children born to this union are as follows: Susan E.; Michael L., married, has one child and resides at West Wheeling; Mary F., at home; Essie M., now Mrs. Davis, resides at Bellaire; and Alfred and Cora Ellen, who are both at home. Dr. Hensley entertains cordial relations with the Harrison County Medical Association, the West Virginia State Eclectic Medical Association, the Ohio State Medical Association, and the American Medical Association. He bears fraternal relations to the Odd Fellow order in West Virginia, the Knights of Pythias of Meigs County, the F. & A.M. of Bellaire, and the Tribe of Ben Hur of Bellaire, being examining physician for this order. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HEPLER, DR. P.E., prominent as a physician and surgeon in Bridgeport, Ohio, as a man of discreet judgment, skilled in the profession he has chosen for his life-work, is an essential citizen of Bridgeport. He is a son of Jesse and Elizabeth (Money) Hepler, both natives of Clarion County, Pennsylvania, and descended from old and well-known families of that State.
Mr. Hepler, father of our subject, is now a retired farmer, residing at Fairmount City, Pennsylvania, and reached his seventy-eighth milestone on May 20, 1902. His marriage with Elizabeth Money resulted in three children, Dr. A.J., Margaret, and Dr. P.E., our subject. For years, the parents were prominent, working members of the German Reform Church. A.J. Hepler is now a leading physician and surgeon in New Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and is examining physician on the United States pension board, and also occupies the position of president of one of the banks of the city. His enterprise and activity in business affairs are a credit to his ability and spirit as a citizen. Margaret Hepler married Gabriel Stallman, a resident of Limestone, Pennsylvania, who is extensively engaged as a farmer. The mother of these children is still living and was 67 years old, June 18, 1902.
Like his parents, our subject is a native of Clarion County, Pennsylvania, and was born May 10, 1872. His educational advantages were many, he being a student at the Clarion State Normal School at first, subsequently taking a course at the Western University of Pennsylvania, and afterward attending a university in Tennessee, and graduating in a class of twenty-two members in 1895.
Dr. Hepler, then a full-fledged physician and surgeon, chose Fairmount, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, as his first field of labor and enjoyed a good practice until his removal from there to Bridgeport, Belmont County, Ohio, in 1895, where he has since been most successful, and the general practice which he has built up in this city should be a credit and honor to the ability and purpose of any physician.
Our subject is still enjoying a life of single blessedness. In fraternal circles he affiliates with a large number of organizations, and is also examiner for some of them, among them the A.O.U.W., the Patriotic Order of Sons of America, Knights of the Golden Eagle, and both Junior and Senior orders of the United American Mechanics. In religious belief he is a member of the German Reform Church.
The Doctor stands high both as a citizen and as a practitioner. He is a gentleman of courteous, refined bearing, the picture of health and strength, is well read in his profession and the literature of the day, and takes great interest in what is daily taking place. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

Is a native of Belmont county, Ohio, born April 5, 1814. His parents are John and Jane (Radden) Hesson. August 2, 1847, Mr. Hesson and Maria J. Pryor were married in Belmont county. She was born in that county April 15, 1817. She is mother of the following children: Mary, born November 14, 1849, resides in Lawrence county, Ohio; William, November 26, 1851, resides in this county; Samuel, July 3, 1853, resides in this county; James E., Emmet C., Henley G., John P., Nancy J., July 22, 1858, resides at home; Margaret A., February 4, 1860, resides in Lawrence county, Ohio. The parents of Mrs. Hesson are Isaac and Lucy (Richardson) Pryor. One of Mr. Hesson's sons, William, was a soldier in the late war, serving three years. In 1862, during the war, there were two attempts made to rob Mr. Hesson the first attempt was made at night, and the robbers got so far as to remove a bureau out of the house, but Mr. Hesson was awakened and gave chase, and the robbers dropped their plunder and escaped. The second attempt was only a few days after, when five colored men came, and quite a battle ensured, one of them leaving his revolver, but they secured no money. Mr. Hesson is a farmer, residing in Guyan township. His postoffice address is Saundersville, Gallia county, Ohio.[SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882. - Tr. by A. Parks]

This address of Dr. J.M. McConahey on the death of Dr. Hewetson is taken from "The Transactions of the Belmont County Medical Society," printed in 1855.
Mr. President and Fellow Members:
As a general thing, the death of a fellow being produces but a momentary impression in the mind of the living; it excites but little sympathy, viewed as the fulfillment of a law of necessity, resting upon all terrestrial created beings. He is dead, a word familiar to all, from its daily use, is passed round the circle of the deceased's acquaintance, and it matters but little whether that circle be large or small, the sound dies away, and with it the name and memory of the individual are forgotten. And as the ravages of the destroyed increase, in a given time, the impression produced seems to decrease in the same ratio, as may be seen during and after the prevalence of a desolating epidemic.
Oblivion is sought and cherished, and the desire to forget the past increases, as death, the king of terrors, adds to the number of his subjects. This, while it should admonish the living to hold themselves in readiness to obey the same power, should not be called unfeeling or ungrateful, but the development of a wise and essentially necessary principle of our natural organization. But, when man dies, do his works die with him? When he ceases to breathe, when his spirit returns to God who gave it, and his body to its primitive elements, do his influences cease? If so, he lives to no purpose. If so, life is not worth protection. On the contrary, does not every individual exert an influence, either active or passive in its nature, which in a certain sense is indestructible, and continues its effects to an indefinite extent? But he whose life has formed a link in the great chain of progression, which characterizes the generation in which he lived, may be laid in the grave, his name forgotten by the living, yet he has left behind him that which will live and teach by its formative influences, when time has reduced to dust the granite or the marble which marked the place of his repose. On the present occasion, we are under more than common obligations, associated together for laudable purposes, which are designed to accomplish both a general and a special good, and he whose death we deplore, was amongst the projectors of our association. He was with us from the beginning, teaching by his learning and experience, imparting to his fellow members the fruits of many years' labor and research. But he has passed from amongst us and lies, forgotten by the world, in the dark and narrow house, "where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary find rest." But with us he lives in memory - and will ever hold a hallowed place in the archives of this association.
Of the first periods of the life of Joseph Hewetson, the subject of this sketch, or his ancestry, we have nothing very definite. We learn, however, that his father, John Hewetson, was a farmer; and that his son was born August 18, 1804, upon the tenement occupied by his ancestors for more than three generations, some of them living to the advanced age of 100 years. This was near Thorn Hill, Demfriesshire, Scotland.
Joseph's elementary education was commenced at the parish school, situated near his father's residence. How long he remained there, we are not able to say. We next find him, without dates, at Thorn Hill, which was probably a grammar school of such character as to prepare youth for entering college. We here lose sight of him until 1820, making him 16 years of age, we find him admitted to the senior humanity class, in the college of Edinburgh, for the session of 1820.
Accompanying his tickets, we find the certificate of Prof. James Pillans to his unexceptionally good conduct, his regular attendance and performance of all the written exercises prescribed.
The requirements of these time-honored institutions of learning being of such character, that the persons admitted to their college class would, in this country, be considered on advanced standing, the tickets of Prof. George Dunbar admitted him to the junior Greek class, November 16, 1820. Accompanying Professor Dunbar's tickets, are certificates, showing his regular attendance and his unexceptionable moral character, industrious habits and satisfactory proficiency up to October, 1824. But that his knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages was above the ordinary standard cannot be doubted, as he retained his acquaintance with them to a degree rarely equaled amongst professional men, whose pursuits do not necessarily require their frequent use as reference. We ascertain from his papers that while prosecuting his collegiate course he combined with his classical studies the lectures of Prof. John Barclay on anatomy and surgery. His tickets and certificates show that during his collegiate course he attended four courses on these professional branches, under the teachings of Professor Barclay. Certificates also from the same professor, of his unexceptionable moral character, habits of industry and the most satisfactory proficiency in these professional branches. And in all the departments of surgery and medicine, tickets and certificates of his proficiency, morals and upright course, given by the respective professors of the various departments, are found with his papers, viz.: anatomy, surgery and pharmacy, chemistry, material medica and obstetrics, theory and practice of medicine, institutes of medicine, principles, practice and operations of surgery, dietetics, etc. Also for practical anatomy in Dublin (Ireland) for a full term. We find also tickets of admission to the Royal Infirmary of Dumfries and Galloway, as assistant house surgeon for one year; also admissions for one year to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, in the capacity of assistant house surgeon; and from the principal of each of these institutions certificates of approval as to moral deportment and professional skill in discharging the duties and obligations devolving upon one engaged in these highly responsible stations.
The names of the following professors are found upon his tickets and certificates: Pillans, Dunbar, Barclay, Milligan, Hope, Russel, Duncan, Allen, Thompson, Campbell and Spaulding. His diploma bears date 1826, given by the faculty of the Edinburgh college and signed by 11 of the royal professors. How long after receiving his diploma before he opened an office is not known to us. The first account we have of his opening an office is in a village near his father's residence, called, we believe, Monihive. There, it seems, he commenced his professional career in Dumfriesshire. But he did not remain in this location very long; but, of the cause of his change, we have no account. From there he removed to the town of Wigton, Wigtonshire, Scotland, where he remained in the practice of his profession until the spring of 1833.
Here he became acquainted with the present Mrs. Hewetson, who was his first patron at Wigton. She had been under treatment for spinal disease about 12 months prior to his locating in this town. They were married April 12, 1830. There are no incidents of special importance connected with his practice here. One circumstance, however, may be named, as characteristic of the man, and one which evinced but a natural trait, as those acquainted with him know to have been strictly observed in all his intercourse, both professional and relative in the transactions of life, showing a firm adherence to principle, and an unwillingness to yield to influences unfounded on principle, whether those influences were calculated to operate for or against his own personal interest.
In the excitement connected with the passing of the reform bill by the British parliament, he and but one more of all the voters of the town of Wigton cast their votes for a particular candidate. Party spirit ran high and there were feelings indulged which threatened to affect adversely his pecuniary and professional interests. In this state of political turmoil and proscriptive feeling, a deputation came from a neighboring town where the vote had been thrown as strongly in favor of the Doctor's candidate, as in his own locality it had been against him. That deputation solicited his removal, making specious promises of reward, for his political opinions and firm adherence to these, under circumstances most discouraging in their nature. A wide field for developing his professional skill, with lucrative patronage sufficient to afford a rich reward, was held out. But they were mistaken in the man. His opinions were fixed in the belief, that the duty of medical men was to stand upon their professional merit alone, and under no circumstances to compromise the honor and dignity of the profession, for mere pecuniary or selfish considerations. Possessing these views and feelings, he declined accepting the offer. Time and sober reflection allayed the excitement, and having their confidence previously as a medical man, things returned to their old channels, without materially affecting his professional interest. But in consequence of an attack of acute disease resulting in a fixed chronic affection, he conceived the notion of quitting the practice of his profession. And always being favorably impressed with the simple and unmolesting beauties of agricultural life, determined to adopt it; and with this conclusion, the notion of emigrating to America was matured. Accordingly, in the spring of 1833, he with his wife and two sons sailed in the ship "Britannia" from Liverpool. His original destination was for the then far West, by way of Pittsburg, where a portion of Mrs. Hewetson's relatives were then residing. But from the opinions formed, of the portion of country of which they had passed, the design of going further west was for the present abandoned. They removed from Pittsburg to Washington County, Pennsylvania. The season being too far advanced to favor a commencement of agricultural pursuits, and not feeling satisfied to live unemployed, he concluded, for the time being, to resume the practice of medicine, until he could settle upon his future course and permanent location, where he could commence his contemplated occupations as a farmer. He continued to practice until the spring of 1835. In April of that year he removed to Belmont County and settled upon a farm near St. Clairsville, fully determined to abandon his professional pursuit, believing that his health would thereby be improved, and life more fully enjoyed. Soon after this, quite a number of cases of smallpox appeared in the vicinity of his residence. Some discussion, as to the true character or grade of the disease, amongst the attending physicians, was in existence; and, they not being able to agree, he was consulted, more perhaps from his supposed acquaintance with the disease, from its more general prevalence in the old country than in this, than from any knowledge of his professional skill or medical education. Another circumstance, as related by his neighbors, probably tended more to involve him again in practice than the one above. A neighbor, as I understand it, while attending a threshing machine had his hand and arm badly mutilated, by being drawn into some part of the machinery. A physician was called, and upon examining the limb seemed at a loss what to do. Dr. Hewetson having repaired to the house on hearing of the injury, and seeing what was needed, immediately amputated the arm. Whether the first occurrence, as related by Mrs. Hewetson, or the second, as related by a neighbor, became the cause of turning public attention towards him as a physician, is not known, but from this time he was gradually drawn into practice and his contemplated retirement broken up. His bodily strength was frequently overtaxed by long rides, as a great amount of his practice consisted in consultation, both as a surgeon and physician.
There was in his nature no mercenary feeling to urge him to sacrifice ease and jeopardize health, neither was there any of the pinchings of poverty impelling him. His kind and generous nature, with the cheerfulness with which he ministered to the sufferings and wants of the poor, both with his means and his skill, would contradict the former, and against the latter he had ample competence. That class of persons, whose circumstances in life rendered them unable to afford even a small remuneration, received alike his kind and careful attentions, with those more fortunate; and in some instances I have known him to neglect the calls of the latter, for the benefit of the former. As a physician he was kind and evinced a most scrupulous regard for the feelings of his patients, but never allowed his feelings or interest to conceal his honest opinions as to the probable results when interrogated by relatives.
In his investigations at the bedside, he was minute, even in cases seemingly trivial, and where it might be thought a mere passing notice sufficient. As a diagnostician but few if any, having but the facilities of a country practice, excelled him and his success in the treatment of disease was fully acknowledged by all his brethren, and happily appreciated by a widespread community who had been the recipients of his medical skill.
As a surgeon, but few opportunities in the country are afforded in this department of the profession, but a sufficient number of operations were performed by him to give him the credit due to a safe and cautious surgeon. It is more than likely he excelled in this department as it was to it he gave special attention in his studies, and which was his legitimate practice in his native country. As a counselor, he was extensively known and his course as such was one of conscientious candor towards patient and attendant, carefully observing the strictest rules of professional etiquette, unless waived by request; and where in the discharge of duty he had nothing to recommend or disprove, nothing afforded him more pleasure than an entire concurrence with the attendant, thus giving fresh confidence to the patient and his friends, and if the attendant be young, inspiring him to greater efforts to acquit himself with honor and honesty in the responsibilities of his calling. When solicited by friends or patients for his opinions respecting the final result of the case, his views of duty constrained him to answer their inquiries candidly, whether for or against their recovery. This course, we are all aware, is condemned by many, but he viewed it criminal to deal in evasion or dissimulation where honesty is of the most vital importance to the inquirer, and especially should this be the case where implicit confidence is placed in the opinions and candor of the physicians.
His manner was frank and courteous to all those with whom he had intercourse. His manner was to speak evil of none in the profession, while he exercised the right of preference; his opinions with regard to others rested with himself. If the envious insidiously assailed him, he suffered it to pass unnoticed; conscious of the uprightness of his course, he was willing to let the world form its own conclusions, satisfied that persons so unfortunately constituted as to suffer envy to lead them into trouble had at all times within them the elements of misery and discontent. But we have stated in this sketch his earnest desire and determination to retire from the profession; we have also stated the cause to be loss of health. In July, 1830, he was attacked with acute rheumatism which held him to January, 1831. It was very severe in its character, and affecting the system generally. After some time it affected the heart producing in this organ hypertrophy and valvular disease, and which no doubt contributed much to bring about a premature close of his useful life. After various fruitless efforts at relief, he proposed to his medical advisers bloodletting, to an extent beyond what they were willing to risk, but he expressed it as the only hope of relief in his case. Willing to assume the responsibility of the measure, he was accordingly bled profusely by which he was greatly relieved and he gradually improved from this time; and it was always his opinion that, if the same treatment had been resorted to in the commencement of the cardiac affection, organic disease might have been obviated. In this, there is scarcely a doubt but that he was correct.
The bleeding must have been carried on to an almost unprecedented extent, as it became necessary to fan him incessantly for three days afterwards, he was so faint. In giving a description of the feelings produced by this treatment, in conversing with a friend, for three days he stated the feeling to be such as would be experienced by lying on the back, and the feet raised up from the bed, to an angle of 45 degrees. This sensation was owing probably to the great and sudden reduction of the volume of the circulation affecting the contractile power of the heart, which had been overtaxed for so long a time, and in consequence of this an almost entire suspension of the circulation in the inferior extremities. He slowly, but steadily improved, and resumed business as, strength returned. Nothing more is said of this affection until 1840, when there was a severe return of rheumatism, which no doubt aggravated and rendered more hopeless his cardiac disease. A friend tells me that, in 1842, he remembers well the Doctor's emaciated and feeble condition; says he has never seen in his face or cheeks so great a flaccidity at any time since. As the warm and settled condition of the weather came on in the spring of 1842, his improvement was more rapid, and again he resumed practice - which he had given up for near two years, having practiced none, except a few consultations, and in these he was under the necessity of frequently stopping by the way, to rest for a considerable time, to prevent complete prostration and a return to his bed. He wore a seaton over the region of the heart from this time, about one year, 1843 to 1844, at the same time attending to business as far as his debilitated condition would admit. His health was measurably restored and continued so until about two years since, when evidence of the progress of disease began to manifest itself. Of the true state of his case he was fully conscious, and expressed the conviction that if there should even be some mitigation of his disease, nothing permanent could be expected. He was (he said) at all times liable to be injured sympathetically, and although a man of strong nerve, and mind above mediocrity, he was at times unwilling to examine the chest of a patient similarly affected, or to treat diseases of the heart or chest, because of the injurious effect it had upon himself. But for the last four months of his life, there was a serious and rapid failure, resulting in that complication which resulted in death. But he died at his post, and in the service of his profession. The last time he left his room was on a visit or consultation, some eight of 10 miles distant, at the same time feeling it unsafe to travel alone, and unable to drive his own carriage. This was eight weeks previous to his death. And even when confined to his bed, and up to within a few days of his death, his quiet was disturbed, his train of thought turned aside from his own concerns, to see some one asking his medical opinions, willing to share his small amount of precious time yet to come, in mitigating the sufferings of others. He tolerated it until within a brief period of his dissolution. He was fully aware that "the end of earth" to him was near at hand. A medical friend, wishing to encourage him, said: "You may recover again a comfortable degree of health, and, by proper care, live to old age." He replied: "Although I have always admired your judgment, I am compelled to differ with you in the present case. I am satisfied I will not recover. If," said he, "it were the Almighty's will, I should like to live a while longer, that I might more fully serve my Creator than I have done." Although his disease was one always connected with despondency and depression of spirits to a greater degree than almost any other, notwithstanding his sufferings were extreme, a degree of patience and quiet acquiescence was evinced by him, not often seen. But he was an humble and consistent Christian. The truth of this was portrayed in his daily walk and conversation. Its doctrines were inculcated in his family. Its spirit was evinced in the practice of his profession, at all times relying upon him and invoking the blessing and guidance of that power which erreth not. His religious views were Calvinistic. In Scotland, he was a member of the Established Church; his connection in this country was first with the Associate Presbyterian Church under the ministry of Rev. Joseph Clokey. After the removal of Rev. Mr. Clokey from his pastoral charge, he connected himself with the Associate Reform Presbyterian Congregation of St. Clairsville, under the care of Rev. Alexander Young. He was a firm believer in the doctrines of the Gospel as a revelation from God. He felt and took an active interest in the affairs of the congregation of which he was a member, and his prudence and zeal in reference to these interests will make his loss severely felt. His natural diffidence made him more retiring in his religious observances than many Christians would think justifiable. With his family alone he filled a Christian father's place, and as a physician felt that his success depended upon the direction and blessing of God. "Diffident as he was, I have," says Rev. Mr. Young, "known him, at the desire of his patients, conduct prayer on their behalf. In his illness it was a pleasure to be reminded of the truths and hopes of the Gospel." His wife often read to him from the Scriptures, and friends and neighbors enjoyed the privilege of engaging in prayer with him and for him at his request. A mind as well informed, and a conscience as sensitive as his, could not look forward without realizing the importance of eternal things nor backward without much cause of regret. In Christ alone can the penitent one find peace. Mr. Young says: "Circumstances beyond my control deprived me of the privilege of seeing him during the last four days of his life. This I shall ever regret, esteeming and loving him as I did. I would have been profited by seeing the tokens of regard shown in the feelings of those to whom he was a beloved physician. Men do not live usefully and remain unappreciated in this world. We may be misunderstood, we may misunderstand others, but there is something in that well doing for Christ's sake, in what sphere soever it may be undertaken, so akin to the nature of God himself, and so in harmony with all his purposes of love, that his own arrangements hinder it from being lost." And though death may cause the good man to tremble, how striking the contrast when compared with one whose course has been entirely on the other side. The motto of our friend was duty, his life was spent in its active and conscientious discharge. His hopes were founded upon a rock, against which the storms and trials of time may beat in vain. He is conscious that the shades of death are gathering round him, but the presence and the promises of Him in whom he has confided forsake him not. He leaves the world, calm and serene as the approach of twilight on a summer's eve.
While he of the opposite course can see but little in the review of life but selfishness, can find no balm along the path of his labors wherewith to soothe the sorrows, or allay the fears of his dying hour. If he look forward, death inevitable meets his view, and as the ebbing pulse declares its near approach, hope that has been his support from the cradle until now quits the scene and leaves him to complete despair. Although in the discharge of duty from Christian-motives, we toil hard and wait long, yet the reward will come, we will have tokens of it here, and if we die as friends of Christ, weeping friends as they stand round our grave feel that while the departed may inconceivably gain, the world and the church sustain a loss, and they cry: "Help, Lord, for the Godly man ceaseth, for the faithful fail from among the children of men." And as the professional excellence of the world is taken away, whether of ours or any other profession, may we, as a society, be led to seek that good part which shall never be taken from us. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HIBBARD, F.W., who conducts the leading furniture and undertaking business in Barnesville, Ohio, is one of the city's most substantial men and prominent citizens. His family was established in the State in 1819, by his grandfather, Caleb Hibbard, who was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1781, and was a cabinetmaker and watchmaker by trade. He settled near West Chester, Ohio, and also purchased property in Barnesville, a portion of which is still in the possession of his grandson, F.W. Hibbard.
The birth of Mr. Hibbard occurred in Barnesville, January 26, 1844, and he is a son of Hiram and Sarah (Hamilton) Hibbard. Hiram Hibbard was born in Ohio in 1821, and his mother, Matilda (Stowe) Hibbard, was a relative of two distinguished Americans, John Quincy Adams and Harriet Beecher Stowe. Hiram Hibbard spent six years at Cadiz, Ohio, learning the cabinetmaker's trade, and in 1843 located in Barnesville, where he established a business which he later enlarged by the addition of a furniture line. His death occurred April 5, 1868, at which time he held the office of township treasurer, a position of trust that he had filled for many years. Sarah (Hamilton) Hibbard passed away in March, 1888.
After graduating from the Hopedale school, in Harrison County, F.W. Hibbard took a preparatory course, in expectation of entering an Eastern college, but his plans miscarried, and he left school in 1865. At this time, he entered the freight department of the Central Ohio Division of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, at Bellaire, where he remained until October, 1867. He then returned to Barnesville, and entered into a partnership with his father. For a short time after the latter's death, the business was still carried on under the firm name of Hibbard & Son, but in late years F.W. Hibbard's name only has been in use. His store is the largest and most complete in the city and his stock is valued at about $10,000. His business interests include many of the most important enterprises of Barnesville. He is a stockholder in the glass company, and also in the gas and oil company. Many public positions have been offered for his acceptance, but he has refused all except a membership in the City Council.
In 1866, Mr. Hibbard was married to Delia A. Ogle, at Bellaire, Ohio. Seven children have resulted from this union, as follows: Maude O. (Mrs. Charles Heed); Claude S., who was associated with his father in business, died January 26, 1902; Gail H. (Mrs. J. Harry Lewis); Blanche P. (Mrs. George S. Bradfield); Grace C. (Mrs. Charles E. Lee), who died January 2, 1896; Fay F., who died January 2, 1896; and Madge D. (Mrs. L.M.H. Potter). Mr. Hibbard is a prominent member of Barnesville Lodge, No. 185, I.O.O.F; Warren Lodge, No. 76, K. of P.; and of Robert Hilles Post, No. 220, G.A.R. - having served in the Civil War in Company H, 170th Reg., Ohio National Guard.
Mr. Hibbard is one of the liberal and public-spirited citizens of Barnesville, who in living up to the demands of the day takes a deep interest in institutions which will prove of benefit to the city. The foundation stone of his success in life has been business integrity, and thus he has won the esteem of all who know him. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

a gentleman who has attained high distinction as a member of the legal profession, is judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Belmont County, Ohio, and has been a prominent citizen of St. Clairesville for many years. He was born in Flushing, Ohio, August 8, 1849, and is a son of John Hollingsworth, a farmer and stock raiser.
After completing the prescribed course of study in the public schools, Judge Hollingsworth attended Mount Union College, at Alliance, Ohio, from which he was graduated in 1872. Having early in life determined upon a professional career, he entered the law office of Judge D.D.T. Cowen, under whose excellent preceptorship he diligently devoted his time to mastering legal principles, in the meantime gaining much practical experience, which proved of incalculable value to him in later years. He continued in this office for three years, and in October, 1875, was admitted to the bar. Between 1875 and 1882 he was engaged in various enterprises, and in the latter year he opened a law office and engaged in practice at Flushing, Ohio. In 1887 he received the Republican nomination for the office of county attorney, and was elected by a majority of 400, and in 1890 he was re-elected by a majority of 100 more. Upon the expiration of his term, he resumed the practice of law as a partner of James M. Rees, an association which continued until January, 1897, when Mr. Hollingsworth assumed the duties of judge of the Court of Common Pleas, to which office he was elected in 1896, by a majority of 1,471 votes over his Democratic opponent. His comprehensive knowledge of law, his utter impartiality and high sense of justice render him an invaluable public servant. His popularity was again evidenced in 1901, when he was re-elected judge by a large majority for the term expiring in 1907. He has always been an enthusiastic worker for Republican success, believing the principles promulgated in the platforms of that party to be sound and just. He has frequently been sent as a delegate to State and county conventions, and in each campaign since 1885 has stumped the county in the interest of his party.
Fraternally, Judge Hollingsworth was made a Master Mason in Flushing Lodge No. 298; he is a member of Belmont Chapter, No. 30, R.A.M.; he was created a Sir Knight in Hope Commandery, No. 26, K.T., of which he has held the office of eminent commander; he is a member of the Uniform Rank, Knights of Pythias; and of the United Order of American Mechanics. With the attributes which bring distinction in public life, he combines simplicity in private life, and his true worth and sterling character have endeared him to the citizens of Belmont County to a remarkable degree. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

., assistant secretary of the Belmont Savings & Loan Company, was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, in 1867, a son of James P. and Isabel (Nelson) Hopkins, the former of whom died in 1881. The family moved to Belmont County and to Bellaire in 1882. His mother was born 70 years ago in Belmont County and our subject has five brothers and two sisters, namely: Nettie; N.S., a farmer and also a stock dealer; Rev. J.A., pastor of a Christian Church in Maryland; R.L., a farmer of Belmont County; Mrs. Mary Giffin, living near Bellaire; George E., in the insurance business at Bellaire; and Bert W., now clerk of Pultney township.
Mr. Hopkins took a course at Wheeling Business College after attending the Bellaire High School, and since 1887 has followed bookkeeping, being for a time with the United States Glass Company at Pittsburg. Since June, 1898, he has been connected with his present company and he is also secretary of the Bellaire Water Works, the business of the two concerns being conducted in the same office. Mr. Hopkins was married to Edna C. Blackburn, a daughter of M.L. Blackburn, and has one son, Francis Perry. His pleasant home is situated at Rose Hill, and both he and wife belong to the Christian Church. His fraternal connection is with the Black Prince Lodge, Knights of Pythias.
The Belmont Savings & Loan Company was incorporated March 5, 1885, the incorporators being: James B. Darrah, deceased; William J. McClain; John W. Coulson; Patrick Whealan; David H. Darrah; John E. Robinson; and James F. Anderson, and these formed the board of directors. The present officers are: J.F. Anderson, president; John H. McGraw, vice-president; George Kern, secretary; James T. Kelley, treasurer; and John H. Hopkins, assistant secretary, the board of directors being formed by the above with David Walker and Charles A. Grella. The business is carried on in Bellaire at No. 3252 Union street. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, one of the leading attorneys of Belmont County, Ohio, who has ably represented the county in the State Legislature for two terms, and is now serving the city of Barnesville as attorney, is one of the brilliant young men of this locality who give promise of sustaining the proud reputation which Ohio now holds in the Sisterhood of States.
Hon. Charles J. Howard was born in Barnesville, on March 26, 1862, a son of Albertus and Mary L. (Fry) Howard, who had a family of three children born to them. Albertus Howard was the youngest of a family of seven children and was a native of Maryland. His father moved to Belmont County and died when his son was about four years of age, leaving him ample means which he used, later in life, in extensive tobacco operations, continuing the shipping of tobacco ever since.
Mr. Howard of this biography was afforded excellent educational advantages, his completion of the common and high school course, in Barnesville, being followed by his attending at the Ohio State University. Selecting the law as a profession, he began his reading with Collins & Smith, and in 1883 entered the Cincinnati Law School, where he graduated in the same year and located in his native city. His ability soon brought him into prominence, and in 1895 he was elected to the State Legislature, and in 1897 approval of his course was shown by a re-election. His record while in the House is one reflecting credit upon himself and his constituency. He has ably served the city as attorney for several terms and his prospects are bright for higher political honors. His interest in educational matters caused him to give them time and attention on the School Board, and all matters of public moment promising to benefit this locality are sure of his interest. Mr. Howard is both a Mason and a Knights of Pythias, in his fraternal connection, while in religious matters, he belongs to the Presbyterian denomination and is superintendent of the Sunday-school at the present time. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HOY, John Stace :
John Stace Hoy was born October 22, 1796 in New Jersey.  He died October 25, 1872 in Saltlick Twp., Perry County, Ohio.  Burial is in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Perry Co., Ohio.  John Stace Hoy was the first son of John Hoy.  He was a farmer and perhaps a coal miner.  He married Margaret Gordon in Greene County, PA; circa 1816.  Margaret was the daughter of William Gordon (1772-1849) and Mary Carroll Gordon (1773-1814) of MD.  William Gordon had migrated from Frederick County, MD with his father, John Gordon (1793-1816) to Greene County circa 1793.  They settled and farmed an area in Whiteley Twp. that is known today as Gordon's Hill.  John Gordon's wife was Mary Duke ( -1789) and it is thought that her father was Dr. Basil Duke of MD.  The nationality of the Gordon family is debated as to being either German or Scottish.  John Sate and his wife Margaret were the parents of sixteen children:  James b. September 5, 1817 in Greene Co., PA; John; William b. July 2, 1820 in Greene Co., PA; Mary E. (Polly) b. December 18, 1821 in Greene Co., PA; Basil b. March 9, 1823 in Greene Co., PA; George b. January 6, 1825 in Greene Co., PA; Adam b. March 27, 1826 in Greene Co., PA; Elizabeth (Betty) b. November 28, 1827 in Greene Co., PA; Nancy A. b. October 10, 1829 in Greene Co., PA; Elanor (Nellie) b. March 19, 1831 in Greene Co., PA; Sarah b. February 25, 1833 in Greene Co., PA; Margaret Jane b. May 19, 1834 in Perry Co., OH; Suzanna b. April 27, 1836 in Perry Co., OH; Catherine b. August 6, 1838 in Perry Co., OH; Lydia b. July 19, 1840 in Perry Co., OH; and Lucy b. July 2, 1847 in Perry Co., OH.  John Stace Hoy bought land in Greene County on January 17, 1817.  He purchased 87 acres from James Bradford for the amount of $350.00.  This tract of land was called "Difficulty" and had been patented by James Bradford in 1807.  His adjacent neighbors were Charles Howard, Jacob Lemley and Archibald Guthrie.  This land was located near Gordon's Hill and was aptly named as it was located in a very steep and unpromising location.  John Stace Hoy, William Gordon (father-in-law), and many others moved to Perry County, circa 1834.  This time can be approximated by the births of his children and one last court record in Greene County, PA.  In this record of January 22, 1843, a receipt was entered by Jacob Bailey for services as an arbitrator in the case of James and Catherine McLaughlin against the administrators of the estate of John Hoy.  One tradition has said that these settlers made this journey by flat boat by the way of Ten Mile Creek, to the Monongahela River, to the Ohio River, and eventually up one of the tributaries of the Ohio River that led to the south central part of the State of Ohio.  A second tradition has them using the National Pike, now called Route 40.  This would involve wagons, horses and just plain walking, but with a toll being charged.  The latter is most likely the case but whatever means of transportation used, they settled in an area called Saltlick Twp., near the town of Straitsville, Ohio in Perry County.  John Stace Hoy was a farmer for most of his adult life.  His religion was Catholicism.  He donated land for the first Catholic Church in the area, now called the "Old Stone Church."  John Stace Hoy and his wife, Margaret, are buried in the St. Patrick's Catholic Cemetery which is located near Junction City, Ohio.  John Stace Hoy's probate records indicate that he did not own much at his death at the age of 78.  His administrator was Alexander McLean (son-in-law) and those records show that the land was sold for $350.00, personal effects for $367.97, outstanding notes due to the estaqte were $201.25, and cash/interest on hand totaled $45.00.  The total value of the estate was $987.79.  The amount paid out was $1,035.97 (which included $260.61 to the widow) leaving a balance of $47.61 due to the administrator.  At least one law suit was filed against this estate.

HOY, Mary Polly :
Mary Polly Hoy, daughter of John Stace and Margaret Gordon Hoy of Monroe Twp., Perry Co., OH, was born the 18th of December in 1821. Mary was born in Green Co., PA. She was married Alexander McLean September 22, 1840 in Perry Co., OH. Alexander was born March 25, 1813 in County Antrium Ireland, son of John and Margaret Conley McClean. At some point the name was shortened to McLean. Alexander died August 6, 1910. Both were buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Junction City, Jackson Twp. Perry Co., OH. Mary Polly and Alexander were the parents of twelve children, ten of whom lived to adults. the children were; Margaret, John, Mary (Tiny), Patrick, Rosa, James, Alexander, William, Charles, Albert, Sarah (Sallie), and Simeon. John and Patrick died young. Alexander McLean came to America in 1831 with his parents and settled near Harrisburg, PA. His father died when he was ten years old. About age 13, he came to Ohio with his mother, via Marietta to Zanesville, on the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers. From Marietta they started on a boat that was pushed by poles, but after ten miles they concluded to walk the remainder of their journey to Zanesville, and then on to New Lexington, near where they found Mrs. McLean's father, who had previously came to Ohio. Mr. Conley built them a house in his door yard where they lived until Alexander bought 80 acres of land some years afterward. In the spring after their arrival, Alexander worked on the National Pike for several summers beginning at $4.oo per month. By the third summer he was making $6.00 per month. He also worked one season driving oxen at $12.00 per month. The next year he broke gravel 12 miles west of Columbus and made enough off of the contract the he came to Jackson Twp. and bought 80 acres of land for $175.00, $35.00 of which he borrowed with 25% interest; and he returned to work on the pike where he remained five months during which time his mother died. Upon again returning home he paid the $35.00 he had borrowed with 25% interest, and lived upon the farm for a couple of years in the log cabin which he built. This event was close to the time of his marriage. Mr. and Mrs. McLean lived here for six or seven years and then exchanged it for forty acres near Straitsville with Bazel Gordon, from who he received $550.00 as the valued difference between the farms, giving him five years time to pay it in, and afterward sold the forty acres for which Alexander exchanged and bought 80 acres of Israel Gordon for $1,050.00, in Monday Creek Twp., and again obliged to again resume the forty acres upon the failure of the purchaser to pay for it. The McLean's moved to the 80 acres, to which they added forty acres at $400.00, and lived there five years, where they again sold out and moved again, where they purchased 160 acres of land for $2,050.00. This property had a hewed log barn and hewed log house, both of which were later replaced by frame buildings. The acreage was eventually increased to 500 acres. Alexander was a stock dealer for many years and made sheep buying and selling a specialty. Alexander McLean, son-in-law of John Stace Hoy, was appointed administrator of John's estate. 

HUBBS, J Allen :
J ALLEN HUBBS, MD of Bridgeport is a gentleman in the fullest sense and the word as used in connection with his name is not merely an idle term of complaisance but one definitive of the man and of his character and life. He is the son of William G Hubbs and Elizabeth McFee Hubbs. His father was a native of Baltimore, Maryland, born in 1811 and in 1818 he came with his father, Charles Hubbs, to Mt Pleasant, Westmoreland county, Penna. Charles Hubbs, MD, was a native of New Jersey born in 1767. He practiced medicine at Mt Pleasant from the time he moved there till his death in 1847. William G Hubbs read medicine with his father, practiced his profession at Fayette City from 1830 to 1867 and had a large and successful practice. In 1867 he removed to Bridgeport and practiced medicine till April 6, 1881, when he died at the age of seventy years. Since 1850 he had practiced the physio-medical system. He was a member of the Christian church. The mother of the subject of this sketch was a native of Freeport, now Fayette City, and was born in 1818. She died at her home in Bridgeport in 1881 at the age of sixty three years. J Allen Hubbs was born in Fayette City, Fayette county, Penna, February 13, 1840. He commenced reading medicine with his father when he was sixteen years of age, graduated at the Physio Medical College of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the winter of 1857, and at the Physio Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, 1860. This institute is now located at Chicago, Illinois. In 1860 he commenced practice in Fairview, Greene county, Penna, where he continued till 1867 when he came to Bridgeport and with his brother, M G Hubbs, engaged in the drug business, the firm being Dr J Allen Hubbs & Co. He continued successfully at this until the death of his father, when he commenced the practice of medicine again, and has followed it ever since. He is a general practitioner but gives special attention to the treatment of diseases of the stomach and liver, also dropsy and female weakness in which he has been very successful. He is a member of the American Association of Physio Medical Physicians and Surgeons. Dr Hubbs was married in 1861 to Miss Sarah J Titus, daughter of Eli Titus of Greene county, Penna. She died in 1880 leaving one child, Cherrie T Hubbs, now twelve years old. He married the second time Miss Maggie A Adamson of Greene county, daughter of Thomas Adamson, a farmer of that county. By this marriage he has no children living. The second wife died May 21, 1889. Dr Hubbs cast his first vote for Abraham Lincoln and his last presidential vote for President Harrison. Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Fayette County, Pennsylvania

a well known business man of Barnesville, has, since 1895, been sole proprietor of one of the largest industries in the place - the Barnesville Box Factory. Under his wise and conservative management the business has made rapid progress. That he has been able in so short a time to accomplish a great work is largely due to the fact that he previously had years of valuable mercantile experience, and has inherited from good ancestors both mental and physical power. Born in Barnesville, March 2, 1855, is a son of Asbury and Eliza J. (Taylor) Hutchison.
Asbury Hutchison belongs to one of the oldest and most respectable families of Barnesville, and was born there in 1821. During his youth he learned the trade of a carpenter, which upon reaching manhood he followed as a means of livelihood. The rapid growth of his own community, and of other places in the vicinity, furnished him with plenty of work and enabled him to command the highest wages. With a steadfast purpose, he continued the pursuit of his trade throughout his active life, laying by, from year to year, something for a need of time. Becoming possessed of considerable means he discontinued his labors a few years ago, and is now living a life of leisure. His wife, Eliza J. (Taylor) Hutchison, died in June, 1890.
Elmer J. Hutchison obtained his mental training in the public schools of Barnesville, and afterward developed habits of self-reliance and close attention to business, which have so prominently characterized his mature life. Ambitious to advance himself, at the age of 21 years he went to Chicago and secured a position as private secretary to the traffic manager of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. Giving excellent satisfaction, he remained there for many years, acquiring much valuable knowledge of various lines of business. Later he was commissioner of the Merchants' Association. Ill health, however, in the course of time obliged him to sever that connection. About this time, March 1, 1892, he purchased an interest in the box industry in Barnesville, conducted by Talbot & Brothers and H. Campbell, where he remained as a partner for about three years. On January 1, 1895, he became the sole owner of the box factory, which he has since managed with such gratifying results. This business is one of the largest of its kind in the vicinity, is backed by a capital of $7,500 and its output is valued at $15,000 per annum. It furnishes regular employment to 20 skilled workmen, and is of much benefit to the place.
Mr. Hutchison married Lucy Talbott, a daughter of John D. Talbott, a real estate dealer of Barnesville, and they have had four children - William A., Edwin J., Mary M., and Dorothy A. In religious belief the family are Methodists, and the children have been reared in that faith. Mr. Hutchison's remarkable success in business has won for him the popular confidence in his section. Socially he is highly esteemed, and affiliates with the F. & A.M. As a Republican, in politics, his word carries weight in local affairs. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

HUTCHISON, JOHN S., a retired farmer of Belmont County, Ohio, who resides at St. Clairsville, was born in Belmont County, August 25, 1825, and is a son of David and Jane (Smith) Hutchison.
David Hutchison was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, in 1762. His parents were Robert and Nancy Hutchison, natives of Ireland, who fled from their country on account of religious persecution, and settled in Pennsylvania in 1740, where they remained through life. Our subject's grandmother, Nancy Hutchison, died in 1782. David Hutchison's wife was born in Ireland. When she was 13 years old her parents embarked on a sailing vessel for the United States, but many misfortunes befell them. The vessel lost her bearings and was on the ocean for 13 weeks, during which time a great deal of suffering prevailed on account of the scarcity of drinking water. The only way this was procured was by taking advantage of the rainstorms, holding a sheet by its four corners, and catching enough fresh water to turn into a vessel. In spite of this and many later hardships, this brave woman lived to the age of 74 years and reared a family of 11 children.
In 1803 David Hutchison journeyed to Ohio, passing through Wheeling on his way to Belmont County, and finding there but a few dwellings. He died in 1847, at the age of 85 years. He and his wife were consistent members of the Presbyterian Church. The life histories of the 11 children left by this most worthy couple would, in many instances, read like romances. All of them became most exemplary men and women. In the order of their birth these children were as follows: Rebecca, Nancy, James, Robert, David, William, Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph and John S. Rebecca became Mrs. Jasper Robson and died in the vicinity of St. Clairsville, December 23, 1892, aged 89 years, 4 months and 20 days. Nancy died unmarried, October 11, 1891, aged 86 years. James became an extensive farmer, having passed through the experiences of Ohio pioneer life. For many years he was a leading elder in the Presbyterian Church and a member of the session for 37 years. His death occurred September 13, 1898, when he was 91 years and 2 months old. Robert died July 6, 1846, at the age of 36 years, 3 months and 18 days. He had made his home in Missouri. While making a journey to the old homestead in Belmont County, he became so ill that he hardly reached there before the final collapse. David went to California in the late "forties," prior, however, to the finding of gold in 1849. He married in Ohio, and had a family of five children, four of whom still survive. Since he went out prospecting with two companions he has never been heard from, and his relatives suppose that he was killed by the Indians. William died in 1840, when 26 years and 21 days old. Jane married John C. Hutchison, and they lived at several different points in Ohio, and then moved to Kansas, where she died, April 27, 1856, at the age of 74 years. Her remains were brought to Plymouth, Ohio, for burial. Elizabeth married Samuel Hutchison and lives in Franklin County, Kansas. Mary married, first, John Bickham, and after his death a Mr. Stockdel, who is a farmer in Guernsey County. Joseph died December 11, 1896, unmarried, at the age of 73 years. He has always lived at the old home.
John S. Hutchison, the youngest member of the above family, obtained his mental training in the district schools, and from boyhood to manhood assisted his father on the farm. Previous to the death of the latter, he rented land for cultivation, but at that time purchased the interests of the other heirs in the estate, and is now the owner of 279 acres of land. This is well improved and is of great value on account of being underlaid with coal deposits, the variety being known as the Pittsburg vein, No. 8. This coal Mr. Hutchison sold for $40 per acre. He also owns a valuable stone quarry on this property. He now rents his farm.
In November, 1900, Mr. Hutchison moved to St. Clairsville, although he has by no means lost his interest in his fine land and stock. His farm has been an abundant producer of all kinds of grains, and there he has raised a great deal of fine stock, particularly Shropshire sheep, with which he has been very successful. For years he has ranked among the reliable, judicious and successful agriculturists of the county. He has been active in favoring those measures which his judgment convinced him would be of benefit to the locality, and served for a long period as president of the turnpike road, which at the time was one of the most important and useful enterprises of the county. His interest in educational matters has been shown by many years of service on the School Board.
On December 11, 1866, Mr. Hutchison was married to Sarah J. Rose, who was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, in 1838, and is a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Kelsey) Rose, natives of Guernsey County. Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Hutchison, namely: Elizabeth J.; Mary R. (Mrs. E.S. Morgan), whose children are John, Adda, Lucille and Russell; Emma H. (Mrs. Dr. Thompson), a resident of this county; and Eva L., who resides at home. Mr. Hutchison and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church, and contribute liberally to its support. Mr. Hutchison belongs to no secret organizations and cares not for political preferment. Indeed, he does not consider himself a politician at all, but votes the Prohibition ticket from conscientious convictions. His greatest interest is in promoting the usefulness of the Presbyterian Church in St. Clairsville. During the erection of its edifice he was a member of the building committee, and a generous donor to the cause. For a number of years he has been a most successful teacher in the Sabbath-school, and takes a genuine delight in the work. In every relation of life the subject of this sketch stands for what is right, and few men can have higher praise. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

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