Genealogy Trails History Group

Belmont County, Ohio
Genealogy and History



, JOHN H. -- a well-known and highly esteemed farmer and merchant of Atlas, Somerset township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born in 1854 in (West) Virginia, his ancestors having long been prominent in that State.
The father of our subject, George Sampson, was born in Marshall County, West Virginia, and died in Monroe County in April, 1902, at the age of 77 years. In 1862 he came to Barnesville, but a year later removed to Monroe County and there engaged in farming. In his early political life he was identified with the Democratic party, but later affiliated with the Republicans. He married Marjorie Thomas, who was born in Monroe County, Ohio, and who died in 1894 at the age of 72 years. She was a valued member of the Methodist Church. A family of seven children was born to Mr. and Mrs. Sampson, as follows: Rachel, deceased; Ellen, the wife of Joseph Hickenbottom; Elizabeth, the wife of Hugh Williams of Wood County, West Virginia; John H., of this sketch; Susan, the wife of Milton Adams, of Denver, Colorado; Marjorie, the wife of James Sullivan of Belmont County, and Eliza, the wife of George Gatcher of Monroe County.
John H. Sampson was reared on a farm and obtained an excellent common school education. Since 1893 he has been engaged in the mercantile business at Atlas and also engages in farming. He is well known as a man of reliability and substance and is active in all movements which promise to be of benefit to his community.
In 1876 he was married to Julia Wells, who was born in Monroe County in 1858, a daughter of Apollo and Sarah Wells. Three children have been born to this union, namely, William F., of Atlas; Ella, the wife of Ray Carter, of Belmont County, and Clyde, who is with his father in the store. Mr. Sampson is an active member of the Republican party. The family belongs to the Christian Church. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SCATTERDAY, ELDRIDGE D., a well-known resident and farmer near Kelsey station, in Smith township, Belmont County, was born January 1, 1830, in Richland township, near St. Clairsville, and is a son of Euclid and Deborah (Pond) Scatterday.
John Scatterday, grandfather of our subject, was born in 1766 and came to St. Clairsville about 1803. He was justice of the peace for a period of 24 years, and resided on his farm during the summer months and at St. Clairsville in the winter. He also served in the State Legislature of Ohio. He was a great student of history and was a broad and liberal minded man. His death occurred on his farm near St. Clairsville, December 4, 1844. In 1794 he was married to Rebecca Ewers, who was born in 1766 and died in 1842. She was of Welsh descent, and the Scatterdays are of English-German descent.
Euclid Scatterday was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1795, and came to Belmont County with his parents. He located in Smith township about 1840, purchasing the farm of 150 acres, of which 25 acres are now owned by his son, E.E. Scatterday, and the remainder by our subject. He was originally a Whig in politics and later supported the Democratic ticket. He served for many years as justice of the peace in Smith township. He died July 31, 1871. His wife, who was born in 1805, died at the age of 82 years. To them were born the following children: Adeline, who died at the age of 30 years; Eldridge D.; Elizabeth A., widow of James Gladden, resides in Smith township; Rebecca, deceased; Mary, wife of Francis McMillen; John L., who resides on a farm in Illinois; Henry H., who is a farmer and manufacturer of soft drinks, resides in Illinois; George R., who resides at Wheeling, West Virginia; Alonzo P., a farmer residing in Ohio.
Eldridge D. Scatterday has resided at his present home since he was 10 years of age. He received a good common school education and has always followed the vocation of farming. He purchased the interests of the other heirs to the home farm, and his mother resided with him for a period of 18 years. He has engaged in general farming, but in earlier years was extensively engaged in sheep raising.
Mr. Scatterday was united in marriage with Elizabeth Phillips, a daughter of William Phillips, and granddaughter of Jacob Ault, one of the pioneers of Belmont County. She was born in Richland township January 1, 1834, and it is a remarkable fact that she and her husband were both born on New Year's Day. To this union were born nine children: Catherine E. is the wife of Thomas McGaughy of Smith township. David M., who resides on a farm adjoining that of his father, is one of the township trustees. He is in partnership with his brother, Euclid E., under the firm name of E.E. & D.M. Scatterday; and for the past 15 years they have engaged in the implement and plumbing business, also doing well drilling. David M. first married Margaret Stonebraker, who died leaving a daughter, Zillah, who married Andrew Ault of Smith township, by whom she has one child, Meek Gladden, our subject's only great-grandchild. David M. formed a second union with Artie Timberlake, and they have two sons, Lyle Eldridge and Chester. Euclid E., a member of the firm of E.E. & D.M. Scatterday, resides near his father in a new home which he recently built. He married Melissa Brown, and has three children: Elva Adelia, and Russell B. and Lettie Irene (twins). William Francis is a practicing physician and surgeon, being a graduate of Starling Medical College of Columbus, Ohio. He married Lelia Worley of Columbus. Albert W., a well-known merchant of Centreville, married Olive Fitch, and has five sons: Leland, Harry, Herbert, Carl and Chase. Henry Lincoln, who resides on the farm of Mrs. James Gladden and operates it for her, married Annie Barrett, a daughter of William Barrett, and sister of Rev. William Barrett, and they have two children: Mabel and Mary. Emmett A., who resides near his father and conducts the latter's farm, married Lorena Wilson and has two children: Verna F. and Harold W. Mary, wife of Crawford Neff, resides in Smith township and has two children: Ernest Emerson and Newell Leslie. Clinton McLain, the youngest of the family, is now attending the dental department of Ohio State University. In politics our subject is a Republican. Fraternally he is, as is his son, Euclid E., a member of Weyer Lodge, No. 541, F. & A.M. He has filled all the chairs but master, and was first made a Mason in Moriah Lodge, No. 105, under Dr. John A. Weyer as master. Religiously, he is a member of Concord Presbyterian Church near Centreville. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SCHEEHLE, LOUIS LINCOLN, clerk of the courts of Belmont County, and an esteemed and well-known citizen of Martin's Ferry, was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, June 26, 1864, being a son of Philip G. and Elizabeth (Hardman) Scheehle, both of whom were born in Germany.
Philip G. Scheehle came to the United States. He was a contractor and builder of note; the Moundsville Penitentiary, the Wheeling Post Office, and many other imposing buildings stand to testify to his constructive ability. In Martin's Ferry he erected the Buckeye glass house and at Morgantown, West Virginia, he built the main college structure. Mr. Scheehle was well and favorably known through several States as a contractor of reliability. He was a man of ample means, of generous disposition and good citizenship. He belonged to the Lutheran Church. His death occurred at the age of 66 years. His wife died at the age of 64 years. They had a family of 12 children.
Louis Lincoln Scheehle was the seventh member of his parents' family and the only one who resides in the State of Ohio. His education was secured in the schools of Wheeling and in Frasher's Business College in that city. After finishing his attendance at school, he accepted a clerkship in a Wheeling grocery store and continued in the service of one employer for seven years. At the age of 21 he located in Martin's Ferry and put into practice the knowledge which his seven years had brought him. He embarked in the grocery business and this he has continued at the same place ever since, managing it with excellent ability, and furnishing to the people of Martin's Ferry a store second to none. Mr. Scheehle has been a very successful investor in real estate and owns much valuable property. His attractive residence on 5th street is one of the handsomest and most elegantly appointed in the city. It is his intention to still farther extend his business, which is now the largest in the county, by providing still larger and more modern quarters and adding to his now extensive stock everything to be found in grocery establishments in any part of the world.
In almost all of the prominent business enterprises of Martin's Ferry he has taken a leading part. For two terms he was a member of the board of the electric light plant. He now is president of the Retail Grocer's Association of Martin's Ferry, and his interest in educational matters has been shown by his serving two terms on the School Board, one term as its president. For many years he has been the treasurer of the German Lutheran Church. He is regarded as one of the city's most substantial and reliable men. His reputation as a capitalist is founded upon ample means and large real estate holdings. In 1901 he was elected clerk of the Court of Common Pleas, on the Republican ticket.
On September 14, 1890, Mr. Scheehle was married to Louisa J., daughter of the late Charles Seabright, and three children have been born to this union, namely: Elsie, Harold G. and Edward R. The religious connection of the family is with the German Lutheran Church. Mr. Scheehle is a member of the Knights of Pythias, the Elks and the Junior Order of United American Mechanics of Martin's Ferry. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SCHICK, JOHN, for many years a prominent coal operator, residing at Bellaire, Ohio, was born in Germany in 1845, and is a son of Martin Schick.
Martin Schick came to the United States in 1847, first locating in Baltimore for 12 years, then in Wheeling two years, when he came to Bellaire. He was for a number of years immigrant agent for the B. & O. R.R., having charge of immigrants for the West, directing them across the river and placing them on proper trains and routes for their destinations. He conducted the Eagle House for several years, and also owned a farm west of Bellaire, upon which the miners' shanties are now built. For two years he followed the coal business. He died in 1881. He was a well-known man in this vicinity and on the railroad between Baltimore and Columbus. He and his wife had the following children: Mrs. Lena Miller; Mrs. Joseph Cleaver; John; August, who was in partnership with John for many years; Andrew; George; Fred; Mrs. Louise Clouse; Anna Schempf, deceased; Mrs. C.A. Smith; and Frances, deceased. Those living are residents of Bellaire.
John Schick was two years old when his parents moved to this country, and received his educational training in the Fifth Ward School at Wheeling, and in a school in Bellaire located where the C. & P. R.R. depot now stands. In 1858 he went to Richmond, Virginia, where he spent two years as apprentice at the tinners' trade, then returned home and entered the employ of George W. Johnson at Wheeling, and later of Thomas Medford at Bellaire. Because he was under age, he ran away from home and enlisted in Company A, 43rd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., serving from January 11, 1862, until July 13, 1865, being in Sherman's army. He was never sick a day, and, in fact, gained in health during his service. Returning to Bellaire, he resumed the tinning trade, which he followed until 1880, since which time he has engaged mainly in looking after his various properties. He owns three business buildings and eight residences in Bellaire, besides having other business interests. He is a director and stockholder of the Novelty Stamping Company, which he helped to promote and build; director of the Farmers' & Merchants' Bank; stockholder in the Mason Heater Company and the Imperial Glass Company. In 1877 he and his brother August formed a partnership in the coal business, and until recently operated the mine one mile and a half west of Bellaire, on the B. & O. R.R., from which mine coal has been furnished the railroad since before the Civil War. It is one of the oldest mines in the county and was formerly conducted by Jacob Heatherington and his brother. At the present time it is operated by John A., a son of our subject, and M.J., a son of August Schick, who succeeded their fathers as partners. They employ about 85 men and produce from 5,000 to 8,000 bushels daily. For the past 17 years our subject has resided at No. 3625 Guernsey street, where he has a fine home, which was built by Alexander DuBois and remodeled by himself.
December 27, 1869, Mr. Schick married Augusta Bauer, of Martinsburg, and they have three children: Fred M., a druggist in Colorado; John A., and Augusta A. In politics our subject is a Democrat. In religious attachment he is a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Bellaire. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SCHNEGG, JACOB, a well-known and representative farmer of Belmont County, Ohio, resides on his valuable farm of 160 acres, located on Cat's Creek, York township, where he has been settled since February 11, 1879.
Mr. Schnegg is a native of Ohio, born in Switzer township, Monroe County, very near the Belmont County line, and within a few miles of his present comfortable home, on March 15, 1830, being a son of Bernhart Christian Schnegg, who brought his family from Bern, Switzerland, in 1828, and located in Monroe County, Ohio. The parents of Mr. Schnegg resided in that locality through life, rearing a large family, and there the father died in 1881. Our subject was the first member of the family to be born in America, a brother having died in Switzerland prior to the family exodus, and another brother, Levi Daniel Christian, died in Ohio, in 1886.
In 1852 Mr. Schnegg located on a farm just south of his present one, and remained there unil 1879, when he bought his present home farm, where he has resided ever since. This property was secured from Robert Gates and it formerly belonged to Henry Gates, this family being one of the pioneer settlers on the rich lands skirting Cat's Creek. In addition to this farm of 160 acres, Mr. Schnegg owns 109 acres in a farm directly south. He is a practical, well-informed agriculturist, and the fine state of cultivation shown by his land gives evidence of his close attention and thorough understanding of modern methods and the use of modern machinery. His buildings are attractive and substantial, and a coal shaft, sunk on the farm and actively operated by his son John Schnegg, demonstrates a fine vein of "black diamonds" underneath the fertile soil.
The marriage of Mr. Schnegg took place in Monroe County, to Mary Ann Zwigart, who was born in York township, Belmont County, in January, 1832, of Swiss parentage. Since their marriage, their home has been continuously in Belmont County. They have become the parents of 11 children, namely: Christian J., who resides on a farm just south of his parents' home, is married and has a family; Elizabeth, who married John Koher, also resides near her father; Caroline, who married Charles Rock, lives in Washington township; John, who resides at home, has charge of the coal bank; Mary, deceased, married Wood Ruble; William, who resides at home; Charlotte, who married A.G. Boner, who is a prominent citizen and large land owners near Captina, Belmont County; Mrs. Amelia Steiner, who resides near her parents; Lewis Wesley, who is a farmer in Mead township; and Katie and Louella, both of whom died young.
Mr. and Mrs. Schnegg have the satisfaction of having their children settled near them, all well placed and prospering.
In his earlier years, our subject was quite a skillful carpenter and understood the cabinet-making trade sufficiently to construct the tables, chairs and other ordinary pieces of furniture for himself and family. In politics, he has been a lifelong Democrat. All the family belong to St. John's Evangelical Church, located in Switzer township, Monroe County, the present able pastor being Rev. Charles G. Kittlehut. The church edifice was probably erected 75 years ago. A disastrous fire destroyed the old parsonage some years since, entailing the loss of all the old records. Mr. Schnegg was very liberal in his assistance toward the erection of a new building. He is one of the most highly esteemed citizens of his neighborhood. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SCOFIELD, JONATHAN T., The real estate, loan and insurance business is one of great importance in a growing and prosperous city like Barnesville, and the satisfactory handling of it requires men of ability and experience. One of the old and reliable agents in this line is Jonathan T. Scofield, who has conducted an office in Barnesville since 1875.
Mr. Scofield was born February 6, 1820, in Warren township, Belmont County, Ohio, and is one of the eight children of Isaachar and Edith (Marshall) Scofield. His father was born in Montgomery County, Maryland, and spent his younger days on the sea. Later he learned the milling business and also engaged in teaming. During the War of 1812, his teams were pressed into the service and employed hauling government records and books out of the United States capital, when Washington was threatened. In this war the British army encamped near his home, in that part of Maryland which became a part of the District of Columbia. His death occurred in 1834, and his widow survived him until 1852.
The birth-place of the subject of this sketch was within a mile and a half of his present home, on a farm, southeast of Barnesville, on which his father began farming in 1815. There Jonathan grew to manhood. Early in life, he spent five years in Alexandria, Virginia, but with this exception Ohio has been his home ever since, and Belmont County his location. In 1873 he moved from the farm into Barnesville, and established the business which he has since conducted.
In December, 1848, Mr. Scofield was married to Abigail Steer, a daughter of James Steer, of Colerain, formerly of Concord, Ohio. A family of five children was born to this union. A daughter married Perley Pickett, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The family is connected with the Society of Friends. In politics Mr. Scofield has always been a Republican, since the formation of the party; he was formerly a Whig. Many positions of responsibility have been urged for his acceptance, and he has served three years as county commissioner - from 1859 to 1862. He has been identified with many progressive and important movements in the county which have tended to the public benefit. His straightforward business methods have always won him the confidence of his fellow citizens, and his long business career has caused his name to be held in the highest esteem in Belmont County. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SEABRIGHT, WILLIAM H. -- proficient in the fulfillment of his duties as foreman of the Spence-Bagg Stove Company of Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, has been with the company since 1896. He is a son of Charles and Louisa (Myers) Seabright, natives of Germany, and was born in Belmont County September 19, 1857.
The father of our subject was a stone contractor and bridge builder by trade. Much of the work of this kind done in Belmont County, such as filling and grading, and building of bridges of all kinds, has been the work of his hands, especially that on the Colerain Pike. Upon coming to the United States he settled first in Wheeling, where he followed the trade of a butcher until his removal to Martin's Ferry, after which he followed contracting and farming. He and his wife were married in the old country, and they were parents of eight children, seven of whom are still living today: Louis, Charles, Emma, William H., Minnie, Louisa, Lizzie and Albert, who died when seven years old.
Louis Seabright resides on the old home farm, and for years drove many teams and farmed as his father did before him. He owned a vineyard of seven acres and at one time sold the grapes as high as seven cents a pound. Charles Seabright resides in Martin's Ferry. Emma married William Helling, and also lives in Martin's Ferry, where Mr. Helling is in the coal business in connection with farming. Minnie became Mrs. Henry Rothermund. Louisa married Louis L. Scheehle, of Martin's Ferry. Lizzie married George Floto, a butcher.
The father of these children died June 28, 1891, at the age of 66 years, 6 months and 3 days, and his wife's demise took place when she was 63 years and 16 days old. They were members of the German Lutheran Church, and Mr. Seabright was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of Pythias. He was a good man and was of a hard working, serious turn of mind.
The public schools of Martin's Ferry supplied our subject with his education. After leaving school he entered the Ohio City Mill as puddler; the name of the mill has since been changed to the Laughlin Mill. Until the death of his father in 1891 he stayed at the mill, and then settled the estate and followed farming and gardening at a later date, previous to entering upon the responsibilities of his present position as foreman.
Mr. Seabright was united in marriage with Fredericka Daume, a daughter of Frederick and Fredericka Daume, both now residing in Martin's Ferry. She is a native of Belmont County. They have three children - Albert William, Wilbert Carl and Dorothy L. The family are members of the German Lutheran Church and they live comfortably in their home at No. 306 North Fifth street.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Daume are still living at the respective ages of 72 and 70 years. They were married in Hanover, Germany, and landed in this country in 1859. Their home was first made in Wheeling, after which they located at Tiltonsville, and in 1872 settled in Martin's Ferry, where they have since resided. Their 10 children are all living, making a record to be proud of. The record follows: Hannah (Mrs. Charles Miller), of Wheeling; Edward, a real estate man of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; Wilhelmina (Mrs. Charles Seabright), of Martin's Ferry, whose husband is a millwright at the American Tin Works; Fredericka (Mrs. William Seabright), wife of our subject; Mary (Mrs. Louis Frederick), of Wheeling; Aurelia (Mrs. Charles Rosel), whose husband is now deceased - she lives in Wheeling; Lewis, a real estate agent of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania; Louisa, the wife of Carl Becker, a glass manufacturer of Martin's Ferry; Frederick, employed in the shoe store of E.C. Boyd in Martin's Ferry, and Caroline, who still enjoys single blessedness. The German Lutheran Church is the preference of the family, and all but two are members of that denomination. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SHAFFER, Josiah D. : J
osiah D. Shaffer, a prominent citizen of Paint township, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, is a descendant in the fifth generation of one of the pioneer families of Pennsylvania, who came to this country from Germany, and have helped in a great measure to build up its prosperity.
(I) Caleb Shaffer, the great-great-grandfather of Josiah D. Shaffer, was born in Germany, and emigrated to America about 1730. He settled in York county, Pennsylvania, about that time and became the owner of a large tract of land. He married and reared a family.
(II) David Shaffer, son of Caleb Shaffer (I), was born in York county, Pennsylvania, about 1741. He removed to Somerset county, Pennsylvania, about 1812, and settled near Holsopple, afterward taking up land from the state, at a place now called Rummel, formerly Greenland. Here he lived and died, on the farm now owned by Andrew Shaffer. He was a member of the Lutheran church, and a Whig in politics. He married Catherine Faust, and they had ten children: John, see forward; Jacob, David, Levi, Jessie, Andrew, George, Daniel, Eve and Susie.
(III) John Shaffer, eldest child of David (2) and Catherine (Faust) Shaffer, was born about 1790. He came to Somerset county from York county, Pennsylvania, with his parents, about 1812, and followed the occupation of farming. He was a member of the Evangelical church, and in politics, a Whig. He died in 1889. He married, about 1816, Catherine Couster, and they had children: Philip, David, Susie, Susanna, William, Rebecca, David, see forward; Lizzie, Delia, Silas and John.
(IV) David J. Shaffer, fourth son and seventh child of John (3) and Catherine (Couster) Shaffer, was born January 27, 1828, died October 7, 1902. The opportunities for acquiring an education in those early days were few, but he was a man of good judgment and sterling qualities, and these made up for educational deficiencies. Later he gave his children all the advantages that the times and circumstances would permit, to acquire the learning he had been unable to obtain. He settled in Paint township, in 1852, on the farm purchased from his father, and there resided until 1864, when he removed to where Windber now stands. There he erected a saw and planning mill, in 1872, and fourteen years later moved it to Paint borough, where it is still in operation, conducted by his son, Josiah D. Shaffer, successfully for the past fifteen years. He was in the lumber, contracting and building business at the time of the great flood of May 31, 1889, at Johnstown. He was a member of the German Baptist church, in which he held the position of deacon, and affiliated with the Whig party. He served for a number of years as school director and supervisor. He was among the first to be drafted at the outbreak of the Civil war, and paid the three hundred dollars which the government accepted in lieu of his services. During 1863-4-5, he was post provost marshal and enrolling officer. He married, January 12, 1851, Rachel Holsopple, daughter of Isaac and Christiana Holsopple, and they had nine children: Frances, born August 28, 1851, died December 22, 1893; Isaac D., born February 2, 1854; Catherine A., January 16, 1856; Jacob W., January 18, 1858; Christiana, April 21, 1860; Josiah D., see forward; Lewis D., February 29, 1864; Daniel D., February 8, 1868, died December 6, 1900; Norman D., born December 14, 1869.
(V) Josiah D. Shaffer, third son and sixth child of David J. (4) and Rachel (Holsopple) Shaffer, was born in Paint township, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, April 11, 1862. He married, May 5, 1887, Katie A. Baumgardner (or Bomgardner), born Jun 17, 1864, daughter of Michael Baumgardner, and they had children: 1. Daisy M., born May 19, 1888, was educated in the Paint borough schools, and is now teaching in the public schools. 2. Percy W., born October 28, 1889, educated in Paint borough schools, and is now teaching in the public schools. 3. Cloyd R., born February 25, 1891. 4. Morris A., May 13, 1893. 5. Edith M., April 14, 1899, died April 16, 1905. 6. Foster C., born November 16, 1900. 7. E. Robert, May 31, 1903."
History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 407/8

SHARP, WILLIAM A., a representative farmer and respected citizen of Wheeling township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born May 14, 1858, on the farm which he now owns and occupies, this being land entered from the government by his grandfather, George Sharp, in 1806. The latter was a native of Pennsylvania, and was evidently a man of foresight and excellent business ability, for he not only secured 640 acres of land in the newly opened territory, but later increased it. He resided upon this farm and spent his life clearing and improving it, and here reared a large family.
William Sharp, son of George, and father of William A., was born in 1809, and inherited his father's large estate, followed farming through life and died May 18, 1859. On November 14, 1838, he married Caroline Harrah, who was born on January 22, 1814, on a farm near Lafferty station, where her father, Alexander Harrah, had settled in 1802. The birth of the latter was on July 7, 1779, and his death occurred July 15, 1859. His wife Jane was born October 17, 1780, and died March 8, 1861. The mother of our subject died October 20, 1886. The children born to William and Caroline Sharp were these: Isoline, born October 5, 1839, married Samuel Campbell May 19, 1869, and they reside at St. Clairsville; Agnes, born June 16, 1841 married Alexander C. Patton, who is deceased, and she resides near Springfield, with two children, James Alexander, born February 21, 1843, died June 11, 1848; George, born March 23, 1845, married on May 20, 1874, Mary J. Walker, and they live at Mutual, Ohio, and have eight children: Joseph L., born May 29, 1847, was married November 30, 1876, to Susanna Frater, and lived on the home farm until both died, leaving five children - Harry, born June 10, 1879, George and Caroline, twins, born September 7, 1883, and Samuel and Isoline, twins, born May 12, 1893, who make their home on a part of the old Sharp homestead; Grizella Jane, born September 2, 1849, was married June 28, 1877, to John M. Finney, and lives near Cedarville, having five surviving children; Ethelinda, born November 15, 1851, was married November 15, 1871, to M.C. Brownlee, and they live at Columbus, Missouri, and have eight children; and William A., who is the subject of this record.
Mr. Sharp was educated liberally, attending both Wooster University and Franklin College. He has devoted his time to agricultural pursuits, having charge of the old homestead farm; has been very successful in raising fine cattle, his herds of Aberdeen-Angus cattle being among the most valuable in the county. He also owns and operates a portable sawmill, and also is interested in the movements looking to the development of the coal and oil interests of Belmont County. For several years he was a member of the Uniontown Band, but has severed official connection with it. He is a man of business and active in its promotion, but takes little interest in political matters. Mr. Sharp is rather liberal in his religious views, but inclines to the body of United Brethren to which his good mother belonged. He is most highly esteemed in Wheeling township where his family has so long had an honorable record. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SHEETS, M., one of the hustling business men of Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, is in the coal business and has the best and most complete equipment in the county for a merchant mine. He owns about 150 acres of coal land that reaches back into the neighboring hills, and near his home place he has opened up a mine within the city limits, and in the near future expects to operate it on a lease.
Our subject was born in Meigs County, Ohio, June 22, 1839, and attended West Liberty Academy of West Virginia to secure his education. Following the completion of his studies there he embarked in the mercantile business in his own interest and for some years continued the same with good results. Subsequently he sold this business, and was then in the glass business for the next twenty-six years.
The tipple shed, with scales, etc., all complete, is built in close proximity to the mine in the side of a hill. It is circular in shape, having a diameter of sixty feet, rounded out and leveled and walled with stone. In the circle are the buildings, scales, etc., and everything needed in the work. The working force employed consists of about twenty-five miners, and they supply all local demands for bituminous coal. In short it is one of the best enterprises of the kind in the county or State and the duties of its superintendent are by no means light or small, and require the best of judgment.
Mary Newland, a daughter of John K. Newland of Martin's Ferry, became the wife of our subject November 18, 1869, and further mention of her is made in the biography of Mayor Isaac Newland, given in another part of this volume. They, and later their two daughters, were all married in the same room of the old Newland homestead, this having become the property of Mrs. Sheets upon the division of her father's estate. To Mr. and Mrs. Sheets were born three daughters, Mary J., J. Beatrice, and Clara, who is still a member of the home circle. Mary J. became the wife of James W. Ralston, a machinist at the Laughlin Mill, in June, 1892, and they have one child, Rolland Sheets Ralston. J. Beatrice married Edward Exley, who was a descendant of one of the old families of Wheeling. They were married in 1896 and now live in Toledo, Ohio.
For the past twenty-five years Mr. and Mrs. Sheets have lived upon their old homestead, formerly the property of Mrs. Sheets' father. It was built by Noah Zane in 1844, who owned the property at that time, but sold it to Mr. Newland in 1857, and it will be remembered by many who in the years past called it "Noah's Ark." This title was given for two reasons; first, because it was built by Noah, and second, because, although it does not stand upon Mt. Ararat, it nevertheless surmounts a high hill. It is surrounded by many trees, of elm and hickory, etc., which make a beautiful shade, and also give it the appearance of one of the most sightly homes in the county. The house, itself, is built of brick, and contains fourteen rooms, large and commodious, all in an excellent state of preservation. The dining room, especially, is roomy, being made so as to seat sixty persons at the table. The house is very well planned and is one of the old landmarks. With the Woodses, the Martins, and the Millers places, it was a place of rendezvous for people of Wheeling and other near-by cities, who wanted a few days rest, or a country outing, with a general good time, spent in games or dancing.
But these days are now past and the old homesteads are inhabited by different people who in many respects have other manners and customs; however, Mr. and Mrs. Sheets prefer to keep up the lost established customs of Kentucky and Virginia, whose hospitality, entertainment, and courtesy reign supreme, and in this respect they have surely succeeded for the latch string is always out. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SHEPHERD, RICHARD, one of the substantial farmers and upright and representatives citizens of Belmont County, was born on the fine farm which he now owns and operates, in 1840. He is a son of Thomas and Mary (Lazenby) Shepherd, natives of England, who came to America in 1820, coming directly to Belmont County, where Thomas Shepherd entered 80 acres of government land in Washington township, and lived upon his farm until his death in 1850, at the age of 52 years. Mrs. Mary (Lazenby) Shepherd passed away in 1863, at the age of 68 years, while our subject was serving in the army.
The 13 children born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Shepherd were as follows: Elizabeth (Mrs. Dayton), who resides in Wetzel County, West Virginia; Edward, who died at the age of 48 years; John, who died about 1870, aged 47 years, having resided on the home farm and having for some 20 years conducted a grocery boat on the Ohio River; William, who removed to Brown County, Indiana, prior to the Civil War - he served in the 25th Indiana Regiment and was wounded and died in that State; Mary Ann (Mrs. Dawson), who died in 1900, in Beallsville, Monroe County, her husband having died in the army; Jacob, who resides on a farm in Jackson County, West Virginia, near Ravenswood; Thomas, who served in Company D, 43rd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., in the Civil War, and lives in Brown County, Indiana; Isaac, who died in 1898 in Belmont County; Isaiah, who died in the Civil War, having been a member of Company D, 43rd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf.; Nancy (Mrs. McAvoy), who removed to Iowa and later Nebraska; Clarissa (Mrs. Thomas Harlan), who resides in Wetzel County, West Virginia; Richard; and George, who died at the age of 15 years.
Richard Shepherd was reared on the old farm which he first left to shoulder a musket in the Civil War, enlisting December 17, 1861, in Company D, 43rd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and gallantly did his duty in the ranks, participating in all the most serious battles, but escaped injury and was discharged in July, 1865. With the exception of four years during which time he leased his farm and resided at Beallsville, this old homestead has been his residence all his life. The property is his own and comprises 235 acres of some of the best land in Washington township. Mr. Shepherd has it under a fine state of improvement, and in July, 1895, built a fine home in the attractive locality of Armstrong's Mills.
In February, 1867, Mr. Shepherd married Martha Jane Sherwood, who was born near Centreville in Smith township, a daughter of the late George Sherwood, who came at an early day from Pennsylvania. In political sentiment, Mr. Shepherd is a staunch Republican. He belongs to Hess Post, G.A.R., No. 595, and has been an official in the Odd Fellows' lodge. Both he and wife are consistent members of the Armstrong's Mills Methodist Church. He is a man of property and prominence, worthily represents a well-known family, and is a first-class citizen in every respect. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, JOSEPH K. -- a prosperous merchant and well-known citizen of Somerton, Belmont County, Ohio, belongs to one of the old established families of Warren township, where he was born in 1835.
Thomas Shotwell, the father of Joseph K., was born in 1796 in Green County, Pennsylvania, and died in Ohio, September 20, 1878. In 1810 he came to Belmont County with his parents, Titus and Deborah Shotwell, who located in Warren township. They were quiet, industrious people, members of the Society of Friends, and became prosperous in their new home. Thomas was reared in the Quaker faith, but lost his birthright membership by marrying out of the Society without permission. Thomas combined farming with shoemaking, and became one of the substantial citizens of Warren township. He belonged to the most aggressive wing of the Abolition party, and did all in his power for the suppression of slavery. He was a most worthy man and died with the respect of the citizens of Somerton, where he had long resided.
The mother of our subject was Eleanor Brown, daughter of James and Ann Brown, and she was born in 1795 in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and died in Ohio in 1873. She was reared in the Presbyterian faith. Mr. and Mrs. Shotwell were the parents of ten children, as follows: Mary Ann, who is the widow of Edward C. Barnes, resides in Pittsburg; Susan, who is deceased; Jane, who is also deceased, was the wife of Joshua Barnes, of Barnesville; Eliza E., who is the widow of James Fowler of Barnesville, Ohio, and now resides in St. Clairsville, Ohio; Sarah and William B., both of whom are deceased; Marian B., who is deceased, was the wife of John C. Bolon; Margaret A. and Isaac, both of whom are deceased; and Joseph K., who is the subject of this brief biography.
Joseph K. Shotwell grew to manhood in Warren township and learned the shoemaking trade under his father, following the same for seven years. In 1865 he embarked in the mercantile business and has practically conducted the same in Somerton ever since. In 1881 he formed a partnership with the late Senator Solomon Hogue, which continued until 1896, since which time he has very successfully carried on the business alone.
In 1868 Mr. Shotwell was married to Arminda Leslie, daughter of Johnson Leslie, her death occurring in the following year. The second marriage of Mr. Shotwell was to Sarah J. Claudy, who was a daughter of Robert and Hannah Claudy; she was born in Temperanceville, Somerset township, in 1841, and died in 1894, leaving two daughters. These are Julia B., who married Dr. W.S. Burcher, and they live in Demos, Belmont County, Ohio, and Mary C., who is her father's capable housekeeper.
Mr. Shotwell, like his respected father, is thoroughly identified with the Republican party. Fraternally he belongs to Somerton Lodge, No. 618, Knights of Pythias. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SHREVE, THOMAS WISTAR, a prominent attorney of Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, and a representative of an old and scholarly family, was born in Roscoe, Coshocton County, Ohio, March 31, 1858, and is a son of Charles R. and Martha (Bradshaw) Shreve, natives of Ohio and New York, respectively. All his ancestors, as far back as can be accurately traced, were very prominent men in the communities in which they lived, and all had very eventful lives.
It is believed that all the Shreves in America are the descendants of one Thomas Sheriff. The first authentic evidence of his presence in the country is found at Plymouth, Massachusetts, under date of December 7, 1641; he seems to have later moved to Rhode Island. He became the owner of land at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, December 10, 1666. Those of his descendants who stayed in Rhode Island as late as 1737 retained the name "Sheriff," while his son Caleb, who married and went to New Jersey, adopted the form "Shreve." Both names have the same meaning and derivation. Shrievalty, (shrevalty, as it is sometimes spelled) and sheriffalty are different spellings of the same word. Webster says that "shrieve" is a contraction of the Old English "shereve" or "shireeve."
Caleb Shreve permanently located in New Jersey about 1680. He purchased land in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, to which he got title by virtue of a deed dated January 9, 1676-7. The original deed is in the possession of one of his descendants. On April 22, 1699, he purchased a farm in Burlington County, New Jersey, seven miles east of the present site of Mount Holly. This farm has ever since been owned by one of his descendants, a portion of the house in which Caleb Shreve lived which was built of brick is still standing. He had seven children to each of whom at their marriage he gave a fine farm. Judging from the records of New Jersey, Caleb Shreve and his immediate descendants played a most prominent part in the early history of the colony. Besides being prominent in civil life, the "Official Register of the Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War" shows that there were 12 Shreves, all of whom are believed to have been descendants of Caleb Shreve, in the Revolutionary Army. Among them were three colonels, one lieutenant-colonel, one captain and two lieutenants.
Col. Israel Shreve, the grandson of Caleb Shreve and great-great-grandfather of our subject, served his country throughout the Revolutionary War. Soon after the battle of Bunker Hill, the Provincial Congress ordered four regiments to be raised from New Jersey. Although Quaker blood coursed in his veins, Israel Shreve promptly responded and was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the second battalion of New Jersey troops November 8, 1775, and upon the re-organization of the "Jersey Line" November 28, 1776, he was made colonel of the Second Regiment, in which capacity he served until the end of the war. His regiment was a part of Maxwell's brigade and was with Washington in many of the most important battles of the Revolutionary War, and under his command won laurels in many bloody encounters. His son, Lieut. John Shreve, the great-grandfather of our subject, though a lad of only 13 years of age at the beginning of the war, took an active part in the struggle for independence, much of the time in service with his father. When the father's regiment marched for Canada in February, 1776, John Shreve was appointed an ensign in his father's regiment. When the regiment was re-organized, he was made first ensign in the regiment, and later, July 1, 1777, was promoted to the rank of lieutenant. Both father and son passed the winter of 1777 and 1778 with Washington at Valley Forge. Lieut. John Shreve has left, in his own handwriting, lengthy accounts of the connection of himself and his father with the Revolutionary War in general. Both were on the ground during the negotiations between Arnold and Andree, and both were eye witnesses of the latter's execution. Col. Israel Shreve had a brother, William Shreve, who served as major, then as lieutenant-colonel, and finally as colonel of the 1st New Jersey Regiment. Another brother, Samuel Shreve, entered the Revolutionary Army as a captain in the First Battalion Gloucester (New Jersey), and became lieutenant-colonel of the same. Still another brother, Caleb Shreve, was very prominent in civil life, in New Jersey, during the war. Two of the three brothers of Col. Israel Shreve had sons in the same army, one of whom was a captain. All were "Fighting Quakers" and were disciplined for their want of meekness, but after the war were forgiven and allowed to return. Col. Israel Shreve died the same night Washington did, and it is believed about the same hour. It is said that his last words were: "Washington, O! Washington."
Lieut. John Shreve, the great-grandfather of the subject of this biography, spent about forty years of the best part of his life in Western Pennsylvania, where for a great part of that time he served as a public official in various capacities, representing his county several times in the State Legislature. He died near Alliance, Ohio, at the age of 92 years, honored and respected by all.
His son, Dr. Thomas C. Shreve, the grandfather of our subject, was a graduate of Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, holding high rank among his associates and in the institution, and practiced his profession through life successfully. He passed the early part of his professional life in Ohio, during which time he represented his county in the Ohio Legislature in the years 1845 and 1846. He went to Kansas in 1857, locating at White Cloud. He had become prominent as an Abolitionist before he left Ohio. He was one of the early Republicans in the Sunflower State. He was a man of fine personal appearance. It is said of him at his death, that "intelligent, social, high-minded, courteous and honorable, he seemed like a gentleman of the olden time, rarely met in these days." His wife, Ann G. (Coates) Shreve, was a most remarkable woman in every way. She was born in 1802, and was educated at the Friends' school at Westtown, Pennsylvania. In her Ohio home, she warmly espoused the cause of temperance and was one of the first in the struggle for the legal rights of women, at the time when great heroism was required. She was, as well, an active and effective laborer for the freedom of the slaves. She and her husband soon filled an influential position in their new Kansas home. She lived nearly 95 years. An interesting story is told of her grandmother Coates. She with her newly married husband were living, during the winter and spring of 1778, on a farm, near the winter camp, occupied by Washington and his army at Valley Forge. One day at the opening of spring, in the absence of both husband and wife, some of Washington's men came to the farm and took away the farm team, leaving an old worn-out horse to do the spring plowing and planting. On the return of the wife, on learning what had happened, she mounted the old horse and rode to the camp, and asked for an interview with General Washington. He granted the interview. In the course of it, she is said to have assured him, that she and her husband were anxious to do all in their power to supply the needs of the army, but that it was simply impossible for them to do their part in providing provisions, if they were deprived of the assistance of the team which had been taken for the use of the army. She plead her case so eloquently that Washington granted her request, and allowed her to take the team back home with her.
Charles R. Shreve, the father of our subject, was one of the ablest and best known educators in the State of Ohio. He took charge of the schools of Martin's Ferry, in 1859, which schools he served continuously as superintendent and teacher for 29 years. When he took charge of them, they were in a deplorable condition, but he gradually brought them to a high standard of efficiency. Leading educators of the State have said that Mr. Shreve graduated from the Martin's Ferry schools a class of students second to none in the State. It is said by one of his students, who graduated under him, that if it had been left to the graduates of the Martin's Ferry High School, Mr. Shreve would have been kept in the office of superintendent as long as he was able to attend to its duties, and then would have been pensioned the remainder of his life. When he severed his connection with the schools in 1888, they were recognized by the leading educators of Ohio as being among the best in the State. Mr. Shreve acted as county school examiner for Belmont County for a long term of years, and also served one term as State school examiner under Prof. J.J. Burns, State Superintendent of Schools of Ohio. Before coming to Martin's Ferry, he had been for 10 years superintendent of the public schools of Roscoe, Ohio, and had, earlier still, taught four years in the High School at Massillon, where he met Martha B. Bradshaw, a lady of scholarly attainments, who became his wife October 25, 1851. Mrs. Shreve taught in the High School at Roscoe, and afterward in Martin's Ferry.
The genealogy of our subject's mother has never been verified as was that of his father, but her ancestors are believed to have been as high-minded people and to have resisted English rule in Scotland and Ireland as bravely and with as much self-forgetfulness as did the Shreves in America.
After severing his connection with the schools in 1888, Mr. Shreve engaged in the business of writing life and fire insurance. He died June 25, 1890, at the age of 62 years. Mrs. Shreve survives her husband and is still living in Martin's Ferry at a ripe old age, highly honored by those with whom she has been so long and so intimately associated.
Charles R. Shreve was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and served the same as senior warden. He was brought up a Friend. After coming to Martin's Ferry, he became a member of the Episcopal Church at Wheeling, West Virginia. Later on, desiring to become associated with a Martin's Ferry church, and as there was no church of the Episcopal denomination in the city then, he affiliated himself with the Presbyterians; but when a branch of the Episcopal Church was organized he united himself with it. He was clerk of the Presbyterian Church from 1868 to 1885. He had many friends, among whom was Rev. George W. Chalfant, D.D., who for years had been pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Martin's Ferry. At the date of the death of Mr. Shreve, Dr. Chalfant was the pastor of one of the leading churches of Pittsburg, whence he came to preach the funeral sermon over his dead friend. Dr. Chalfant began his remarks by saying, in substance, that when in the course of his ministry he came to preach on any particular phase of character, he was in the habit of choosing from among his acquaintances the man whose character would furnish him the best type of the phase of character to be described, which character he would then take as a basis of the discussion. On one occasion he desired to preach a sermon on the ideal Christian gentleman. He said he did on this occasion as his custom was; he though over the whole range of his acquaintances, and chose the character of the man who lay before them as the best type known to him personally of what he believed an ideal Christian gentleman should be. He said, "I intend to preach today, as a funeral sermon, the sermon I then preached, with this difference: then, what I said was altogether impersonal; today, I shall show how the life and character of the departed justified my choice of him as the type." Then with eloquence he spoke of the ideal Christian gentleman, illustrating his address with events in the life of Charles R. Shreve.
Thomas W. Shreve was the eldest of the two children born to his parents, his sister, Margaret C. Shreve, dying in 1887, at the age of 16 years. His primary education was obtained in the public schools of Martin's Ferry, from which he graduated in 1875. He immediately entered Western Reserve College, then located at Hudson, Ohio, from which college he graduated in 1879 with the degree of A.B. He taught the next year in the Martin's Ferry High School. In the fall of 1880 he entered the law department of the University of Michigan, from which he graduated in 1882 with the degree of LL.B. He spent his vacations reading law in the office and under the direction of Hon. Lorenzo Danford. In May, 1882, he was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court of Ohio, and at once opened an office in Martin's Ferry, where he is now located. He has practiced his profession in all the courts of the State of Ohio. In 1895 he won a notable victory in the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, sitting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is regarded as one of the most logical reasoners and most careful advisers in the county.
Our subject, was brought up in, and early joined, the Episcopal Church, serving the Martin's Ferry church for a number of years as its clerk, a member of its vestry and superintendent of its Sunday-school. He was a member of the building committee that built the church edifice for the organization in Martin's Ferry.
On July 3, 1883, Mr. Shreve was united in marriage to Jennie L. Gray, a daughter of James A. and Martha D. Gray. James A. Gray was a member of the well known banking firm of Gray & Smith, who organized and successfully conducted for many years in Martin's Ferry the bank known as the Commercial Bank of Martin's Ferry, Ohio. Miss Gray graduated from the Martin's Ferry High School in 1877 and from the Wheeling Female College in 1881. Mrs. Shreve was at her marriage and is now a member of the Presbyterian Church. To them were born four sons, namely: Charles Gray, who graduated from the Martin's Ferry High School in 1902, and is now (1902-03) a freshman in Adelbert College of Western Reserve University, at Cleveland, Ohio; Ernest Bradshaw, of the class of 1904 in the Martin's Ferry High School; James Wistar and Eugene Sheldon. It is a pleasant bit of family history that as both Mr. and Mrs. Shreve are graduated of the Martin's Ferry High School, they are the first couple of have a child follow their example.
Mr. Shreve joined the Presbyterian Church in 1891. In 1893 he became clerk of the congregation, which office he has ever since held. In 1896 he was elected a trustee, which office he held until his resignation in 1901. On April 3, 1901, he was elected an elder of the same church. He is serving the church as the superintendent of its Sunday-school. He was a member of the building committee that planned for and built the new church edifice for that congregation. Mr. Shreve has held a number of offices in connection with union Sunday-school work in the county, township and city. For a time he was president of the Y.M.C.A. of Martin's Ferry.
Mr. Shreve has always taken an active interest in athletics. He was the second member of the Martin's Ferry Volunteer Fire Department, Dr. J.W. Darrah being the first. He was an active member of the Alert Hose Company from 1887 to 1901. He was a member of, and ran with, the Independence Hose team at the beginning of its career as a victorious racing team.
Mr. Shreve is actively interested in whatever will further the growth and prosperity of Martin's Ferry and vicinity. He is an active, energetic member of the Martin's Ferry Board of Trade.
The home of our subject is one that is made beautiful by the refining influences of life, and where the old-fashioned virtues of manly honor through achievement, and of attainment through Christian living are taught the younger generation.
Mr. Shreve's political affiliations are with the Prohibition party. He has been a member of the party since 1888. He has been a candidate a number of times for county and local offices on the ticket of that party. On May 16, 1901, he was nominated by the Ohio State Prohibition Convention, held at Akron, Ohio, for attorney general of Ohio; and at a like convention held at Martin's Ferry in 1902, he was nominated for Congress for the Sixteenth Congressional District of Ohio. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SHRY, JOHN F. - A thorough business man, well-qualified farmer and prominent county official is found in John F. Shry, of sections 30 and 36, Wayne township, Belmont County. He was born in 1862, in Somerset township, and is a son of Henry and Elizabeth (Baker) Shry.
Henry Shry was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, and came to Belmont County a fatherless boy. He found a pleasant home with Henry Gregg of Goshen township, with whom he remained until he began his own life as a farmer, becoming the owner of property in Goshen, Somerset and Warren townships. In politics he has always identified with the Democratic party. His death took place on November 30, 1900. The mother of our subject was Elizabeth Baker, who was born in Harrison County, Ohio, and who died when John F., who was the youngest of ten children, was four years of age, the others being: Milton H., who was a member of the 60th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., died in the army during the Civil War; George also served in the army and died later in Belmont County, leaving a widow and family in Barnesville; Thomas Irvin resides in Kirkwood township, this county; Winfield S. lives in Wayne township; Sarah Elizabeth is the wife of Jonathan Mercer of Warren township; Mary Eliza is the wife of Jonathan Briggs of Salem, Ohio; Ruth Ella is the wife of J.J. Sears of Piedmont, Ohio, formerly treasurer of Harrison County; William H., a horse dealer in California; and Martha Jane, the wife of George Armstrong, of Morristown, Ohio.
When John F. Shry was 10 years old, the family moved into Warren township and two years later into Goshen township, and in both townships was his education secured. In 1890 he purchased from Mr. Copeland his present fine farm of 95 acres, and located on the place, making the greater part of the improvements that now add so much to the value of the property. Until within the past three or four years Mr. Shry has followed an agricultural life. He has of late been much interested in coal optioning and oil leasing, also giving some attention to politics. Like his father, he is a staunch Democrat, and is serving as township trustee, belonging also to the Board of Education.
In 1889 Mr. Shry was married to Mary Ellen Day, who was born in Somerset township, and is a daughter of the late George Day, who died December 3, 1900, having served four years during the Civil War, a member of the 52nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf. Two daughters have been born to this union, namely: Bertha Mabel and Laura E., both little maidens at school. Mr. and Mrs. Shry attend services in the Methodist Church. He is a public-spirited, wide-awake citizen, fully equal to the demands of the day, and holds a high place in the regard of the residents of Wayne township. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SIDDALL, WILLIAM, the well-known master mechanic at the Bellaire Works of the National Steel Company, came to this city in February, 1899, from Duquesne, Pennsylvania, to accept this responsible position, and has charge of all the mechanical part of this large plant.
By birth Mr. Siddall is an Englishman, born in 1867 in Birmingham, the great industrial center, where his father was a skilled machinist and where he served the rigorous apprenticeship demanded in his native country. Seeing wider opportunities in America for skilled labor, Mr. Siddall at the age of 21 years, in 1888, crossed the Atlantic and located first at Cleveland. There and in other localities Mr. Siddall has continued in his line of work. For a time he was located at Columbus, Ohio, and there entered the State University, where he took a special course in mechanical engineering. After completing the same he accepted the position of chief engineer of the Duquesne Mills, from which he was promoted to that of assistant master mechanic, which he resigned in order to accept the still more desirable one which he so ably fills at the present time.
In 1899 Mr. Siddall was united in marriage with a daughter of the well-known contractor, J.W. Jones, of Bellaire, and they have one daughter, Ella. His fine home was completed in the spring of 1902 and is located at No. 4145 Harrison street, and is a model of convenience and the first of its style of architecture in the city.
Politically, Mr. Siddall is identified with the Republican party, while fraternally he belongs to a number of organizations, notably the Knights of Pythias of Cleveland, and since 1891 Newburg Masonic Lodge of Cleveland, Baker Chapter of Cleveland, and Scioto Consistory of Columbus. Mrs. Siddall is a member of the Methodist Church, and is a lady of social culture. Mr. Siddall stands high in his profession and commands both the esteem and confidence of his employers as well as of the employees. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, Among the prominent and influential citizens of Colerain township, Belmont County, Ohio, there is none who stands higher in the esteem of his fellow citizens than the gentleman whose name appears above. He is a native of Ohio, having been born in Canton, November 24, 1840, and is a son of Francis and Isabella (Laird) Simpson.
Francis Simpson, father of our subject, was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1800. After the death of his father and the remarriage of his mother, Francis was bound out to John Dillon, a Quaker of Zanesville, Ohio, when he was but seven years old. There he learned the iron trade, and when 21 years of age was offered $1,000 a year to manage the work, a position which he accepted. He was manager of the Dillon Iron Foundry for years, and then with his brother-in-law, James Hazlett, bought the iron works at Sandyville, Ohio, which they conducted for some years. He moved to Belmont County in 1841, and lived near Morristown until his death in 1876, at the age of 76 years. Religiously, he was a member of the Presbyterian Church. For a period of 20 years he satisfactorily discharged the duties of clerk of Union township. He was three times married, his first union being with Isabella Laird, by whom he had four children, namely: Mary, widow of John Smurr, residing in Topeka, Kansas; William, a resident of Cambridge, Ohio; Edward M., subject of this sketch; and Isabella, wife of Eugene Dillon. After the death of his first wife at the age of 35 years, Mr. Simpson formed a second union with Margaret Gordon, now deceased, by whom he had a son, Robert. He formed a third matrimonial alliance with Elizabeth Duncan, and she died without issue.
Edward M. Simpson attended the common schools, and as a boy assisted his father on the farm. He began farming for himself at the age of 21 years, and has always continued at that vocation. He came to Colerain township in 1870, purchasing one quarter section of land in section 26, all of which is underlaid with coal. He has sold some acres of this, one vein of the coal recently selling for $58 an acre. He is an energetic and enterprising man, deeply interested in the welfare of his township and county, and has friends beyond number who admire him for his sterling worth and high character.
Mr. Simpson was united in marriage December 25, 1861, to Miss Catherine Harris, a native of this county and a daughter of Daniel and Hannah Harris, both of whom are deceased. She has two younger sisters: Frances, widow of John Crymble, of Pasco; and Ella, deceased, who was the wife of Louis Neiswanger. Mr. and Mrs. Simpson have five children, as follows: Fanny, wife of John Crawford, of Pasco, by whom she has seven children, as follows - Karl, Gertrude, Harriet, Ray, Eugene, Frances, and Waneta; Adda, wife of Dr. O.M. Keesor, of Beallsville, Monroe County, has two children, Ward and Catherine; Emma, wife of U.F. Duff, residing in Deming, New Mexico, has two children, Lorella and Dorothy; Robert M., a farmer of Colerain township, resides at home - he has 18 acres of land, containing some 2,000 fruit trees, mostly plums, pears and cherries; and Lizzie, wife of Ross Hawthorne, of Harrisville, has one son, Ralph. Religiously, Mr. Simpson is a member of the M.P. Church. He is not interested greatly in politics and votes the Union Reform ticket. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SIMPSON, W.G., assistant cashier of the Farmer's & Merchant's Bank of Bellaire, Belmont County, Ohio, is a gentleman of ability and has many excellent qualifications which makes his service of great value to the company by which he is employed. He is a son of William and Elizabeth (Burns) Simpson, and was born in Mead township.
William Simpson was a native of Pultney township and died in 1863, when our subject was still quite small. He followed steam-boating for some time and subsequently became a tiller of the soil, being especially successful in the latter pursuit. He shipped boats of produce down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans, where they were disposed of with profit. His father was originally from the Keystone State.
William Simpson married a Miss Burns, whose demise occurred in 1879. They reared a family of 12 children, of whom W.G. is the youngest. One son, W.B., manages the home farm in Mead township; one lives in Mansfield, and another in Delaware, Ohio; and one daughter makes her home in St. Clairsville, Ohio, while another lives in Missouri. These children are all that survive of the once large family. Mr. Simpson was an early Republican, being originally a member of the Know-Nothing or American party, and was decided in his opinions.
Our subject is a native of Belmont County and was reared on the farm, remaining there until he attained the age of 17 years, at which time he entered Galey's Seminary at Lexington, Ohio, and completed the course there. He embarked in the coal business on his own interests after this and opened the Glenn mine in Belmont County, which he conducted with the best results for 12 or 15 years. He disposed of it to the combine just previous to taking his present position in the bank as assistant cashier. He is prompt and active in performing his duties and has the entire confidence of his employers in the various business duties which claim his attention.
Miss Mary M. McMannis, of Belmont County, became the wife of our subject and they have now two children, namely: Earl E. and Pearl L, and reside in their comfortable, convenient home at No. 3564 Belmont street. In religious opinions they are members of the United Presbyterian Church of Bellaire.
Politically, Mr. Simpson is always a Republican. He affiliates with Wier Lodge at Demos in fraternal circles, and is also a member of the A.F. & A.M. and Hope Commandery, No. 26, of St. Clairsville, Ohio. To various enterprises of the city he gives his attention. Having the welfare of Bellaire at heart, he also has the respect of her citizens and his fellow men. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SKINNER, FRANK R. -- a well-known and successful farmer of Somerset township, Belmont County, was born in this county and locality in 1847, a son of Kinsman and Isabel (Fowler) Skinner.
Kinsman Skinner was born in 1813 in Calvert County, Maryland, and died in Belmont County, Ohio, in 1889. In 1835 he came here and located in the vicinity of Barnesville, engaged in farming. Mr. Skinner was identified with the Democratic party. He was a member of the Methodist Church. His wife, Isabel Fowler, was born in 1814 in Calvert County, Maryland, and died in 1883, beloved in her family and valued in the Methodist Church. The eight children of this marriage were: Mary Ellen, who resides in Somerton; Elizabeth, who married Richard Skinner; James W., deceased, who was a member of Company C, 60th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., in the Civil War; John T., who resides in Somerset township, who was also a member of the same company and regiment; Frank R., of this sketch; Jane, who married Harry Thomas, resides near Lexington, Kentucky; Minerva, who resides at Somerton, and Hattie, who is the wife of John Hoge, of Barnesville.
The fine farm of Mr. Skinner is located on section 11, in Somerset township, and comprises 71 acres of most excellent land, under a fine state of cultivation and well improved. Mr. Skinner has devoted his life to agricultural pursuits and has been more than usually successful.
On November 30, 1869, Mr. Skinner was united in marriage with Hannah Finch, who was born in 1846 in Somerset township, a daughter of William Finch. A family of eight children was born to this union, as follows: Jessie, who married Charles Shaffer, resides in Somerset; Gussie, who married Clyde Buley, cashier in the Belmont Bank, resides in Somerton; Emma, who is a popular teacher; Mabel, who married James Bromhall, resides in Somerset township; Blanche, who married Dayton Hagan, resides in this township; Clara, who married John Starbuck, also resides in Somerset township; Guy P., who is employed in a wholesale establishment in Columbus, Ohio; and James, who still assists his father.
Like other members of the Skinner family, our subject is identified with the Democratic party. The religious connection of the family is with the Methodist Church, to the support of which Mr. Skinner is a liberal contributor. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, JOHN T. -- one of the substantial farmers and highly esteemed citizens of Somerset township, Belmont County, Ohio, is a native of this township, born here in 1845, and is a son of Kinsman Skinner, one of the old residents.
Mr. Skinner was reared on his father's farm and obtained his education in the common schools of his locality. In all public movements and important matters in Somerset township he has taken an active and prominent part, devoting his life mainly, however, to agricultural interests. On February 27, 1864, Mr. Skinner offered his services in the Civil War, entering Company C, 60th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., at Somerton, and took part in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, receiving a gunshot wound at the latter engagement. He was permitted, however, to take part in the grand review at Washington and was mustered out of the service in that city on July 27, 1865. His was a loyal family, his older brother, James Skinner, also serving in the same company, participating in the same serious battles, and died some years after his return home.
After the close of the war Mr. Skinner resumed farming and has met with good success in the raising of sheep and other stock. His farm is well adapted to the production of fine crops and comprises 130 acres in section 15. Mr. Skinner also acts as agent for the Bradley Fertilizer Company, and is a director in the Belmont Insurance Association, having headquarters in Barnesville. This company is one of especial interest to farmers, as it insures farm property and stock.
On November 18, 1869, Mr. Skinner was married to Mary J. Wharton, a daughter of Samuel and Sarah A. (Cater) Wharton. Mrs. Skinner was born September 5, 1842, in Somerset township. She is a most estimable lady and a consistent member of the Methodist Church. The six children born to this union are: Luna, Mella, Violet, the widow of Camm Thomas of Somerton; Herman, a teacher; Lola and Mary.
In politics Mr. Skinner is identified with the Democratic party, and he has faithfully served in a number of the township offices, being trustee, treasurer and assessor, and a member of the Board of Education. Fraternally he belongs to the Knights of Pythias and has been post commander of the G.A.R. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SLOAN, WILLIAM, an enterprising, congenial and most highly respected citizen of Martin's Ferry, Ohio, is a contractor and builder by trade and claims Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, as his native city. He was born November 26, 1826, a son of John and Jane (Kissick) Sloan, both born in Ireland, where they were also reared and married October 8, 1825.
John Sloan was born November 24, 1803, and his wife's birth took place November 19, 1804. Soon after they were married they immigrated to the United States, and Mr. Sloan found work in the boiler works in Pittsburg and continued in that place for four years, and at the end of that time removed to Harrison County, Ohio, bought a farm, then sold it and subsequently purchased property in the town of Moorefield, Harrison County, and spent the next five years there until his death occurred, September 19, 1878.
In politics Mr. Sloan was first a Whig and later a Republican, and served two years as county auditor, but was then knocked out by the Know-Nothing party. At a later date he also served for many years as county commissioner, and altogether he was considered one of the leading men of his county, a fine scholar and a true gentleman. He and his wife were active workers in the United Presbyterian Church, of which he was an elder for fifty years or more. When the Civil War broke out he was one who believed in its vigorous prosecution, and his two sons were active participants during the years that it lasted. His wife died September 28, 1844, and left him six children as a legacy. They are as follows: William, our subject; Nancy, who was born in 1829, married John Marshall, and died in 1898; Jane, the widow of William Buchanan, numbered among the inhabitants of Minnesota; Anna E., now Mrs. William Scott of Harrison County; Thomas, who resides in Minnesota, enlisted in Company C, 98th O.V.I., in 1862, and served under General Sherman in his march to the sea - Jefferson Davis of the Federal service was his corps commander, and he took part in all the battles of the command, having the good fortune never to be in the hospital; and Mary M., born in 1840, died in 1844.
Some years after the death of his first wife Mr. Sloan married a second time, this time choosing Eliza Wherry, by whom he had three children; Sarah (Mrs. Newton Lance), whose husband died, but she married a second time; Levi W., residing on a farm in Harrison County; Mary E. (Mrs. John Clemens), residing in Harrison County on a farm. The mother of these children was also of member of the United Presbyterian Church and died when about 60 years of age.
William Sloan, our subject, received his education in the Harrison County common schools, and later when he had finished his education in these he went to Martin's Ferry in 1850, became a contractor and builder, built many of the fine, handsome houses seen throughout that city and the surrounding country, among them his own beautiful residence, and has ever since that date made his home in that city. He has always employed many men in his work, and in his work he does not take contracts for building any public buildings, but contents himself with doing good work on the dwelling houses. He has the reputation of being an excellent workman, and with his wide experience in the business easily makes it profitable. His place of business is 801 South 4th street.
In March, 1864, our subject became a member of Company C, 1st West Virginia Vol. Inf., and was in the Army of the Shenandoah, doing most of his shooting and marching in that part of the country. He was a participant in the battle when "Sheridan was twenty miles away," and was personally acquainted with that great general. July 15, 1865, he was honorably discharged at Clarksburg, West Virginia, and returned to his home and resumed the business which he has ever since continued.
Mr. Sloan has been twice married. He was united in matrimony November 18, 1851, with Louanna C. Sigler, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Philip Sigler and his wife. This marriage was prolific of four children - Elizabeth J., who was born July 10, 1852, and died October 3rd of the same year; Elliott W., born September 10, 1854, was united in marriage with Maggie Irwin, who died and left him one child, Cora M.; he died December 6, 1891, and his little daughter then made her home with our subject and has remained there ever since; Anna, the third child, died in infancy, and Cora B., born March 29, 1888, lives with our subject. Mrs. Sloan was born June 3, 1830, and her death occurred June 25, 1861. During her life she was an active worker in the United Presbyterian Church. March 3, 1863, our subject was married a second time, this time choosing Mrs. Margaret Smith, the widow of John Smith and a daughter of John Murphy of Pennsylvania. She died August 10, 1881. She was also a United Presbyterian in her religious belief. Our subject's daughter, Cora B., is also a great worker and helper in the same church and is loved and respected by all for her many gentle and good qualities.
In politics Mr. Sloan is an ardent Republican, and in fraternal circles is a member of the I.O.O.F. organization and has passed through all the chairs, being a past grand. He is also a member of the G.A.R. Post and past commander of that organization. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

proprietor of the United States Steam Laundry, which is the finest establishment of its kind in Bellaire, Ohio, has had 20 years' experience in the laundry business. He spent 12 years in the service of the Bellaire Steam Laundry, on Guernsey street, which was then owned by his father, George C. Smith, who taught him all the details of the business. Our subject first started in business for himself on the east side of the park, but afterward secured a lot on the corner of Noble street and Central avenue, and constructed his present plant in 1893. The building is strictly a modern one, constructed of brick and measures about 42 feet by 60 feet. It is a one-story building and is equipped with the latest and most improved machinery. In the rear part of the building are the engine and boiler, the former being of 10 H.P. and the latter 20 H.P. These furnish the power which operates all the machinery. Mr. Smith personally superintends all work, and having such facilities for turning out good work, he naturally secures the "lion's share" of the business. In addition, he has a fine suburban trade, embracing New Concord, Cameron, Barnesville, and other surrounding towns. He employs from 17 to 20 workmen and guarantees satisfaction to his customers.
Mr. Smith was born at Mount Zion, Belmont County, Ohio, in October, 1861. His father, George C. Smith, was an early resident of Belmont County, and was a blacksmith by trade, but the latter years of his life were spent in the laundry business, owning and operating, as he did, the Bellaire Steam Laundry. He died in September, 1901, aged 68 years. Our subject's mother is also a native of Belmont County, having been born near Jacobsburg. Her maiden name was Nancy Snively, and at this writing she resides in Bellaire. Besides our subject, she has two other sons and four daughters, as follows: F.B., of Cleveland; E.R.; Mrs. Alice Groves of Pennsylvania; Mrs. James Johnson, whose husband was formerly city marshal of Bellaire; Meda, and Margaret.
Mr. Smith has a fine modern residence at No. 3354 Guernsey street, which he purchased some time ago and remodeled. His marriage with Kate Schick, of Belmont County, resulted in the birth of three children, viz.: Beulah, Lily, and Carlos A., Jr. In his political preferment our subject is a Democrat, and socially is a Mason, and a member of Black Prince Lodge, Knights of Pythias; D.O.K.K.; B.P.O.E., and Royal Arcanum. The family attend services at the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which they are members. Mr. Smith is uniformly popular in his community, and his straightforward business methods have brought success which he deserves. Having discharged his duties in a manner above criticism, he has acquired the approval not only of patrons, but of all who are in any way connected with his establishment. He is a member of the national, Ohio State and local laundrymen associations. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SMITH, GEORGE E., located in section 5, Kirkwood township, Belmont County, is a prominent farmer and an extensive dealer in hard lumber. He was born in this county April 25, 1845, and is a son of Nathan S. and Sarah (Taylor) Smith, and grandson of Charles Smith.
Nathan S. Smith was born in Harrison County, Ohio, January 22, 1807, and died March 3, 1867. He married Sarah Taylor, a daughter of Noble and Elizabeth (Lockwood) Taylor. She was born July 19, 1813, and died April 22, 1857. Both were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. To them were born the following children: Charles T., a carpenter, who went south in 1858 and served in the militia there for a time. Returning north to Washington, D.C., in 1861, he built a government bridge over Aqua Creek. He later took a post-graduate course in Duff's Business College, and then was superintendent of construction work on the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad until his death, which resulted from an accident in 1883. Noble, the second son, died in infancy. Oliver P., who was born November 15, 1842, served in the 98th Ohio Regiment from August, 1862, until the close of the war. He was graduated from Rush Medical College, practiced for several years in Charleston, Kansas, then at Fall River, Kansas, where he died June 13, 1880. Elizabeth E., widow of John Buchanan, resides in this county. George E. is the subject of this biography. William C., born March 9, 1848, died in 1882. Laura J. is the wife of Calvin S. Travis, and resides in New Martinsville, West Virginia. Isaac H., born July 22, 1854, resides in this county. Nathan L. resides in Boise City, Idaho.
George E. Smith received his education in the common schools and as a boy assisted in the work about the farm. He entered business for himself when about 16 years old as a farmer and lumberman and has since continued. He deals heavily in hard lumber, exporting extensively. He buys wherever he can and ships mainly to Glasgow, Scotland, and to Hamburg, Germany. He finds it a very profitable business as well as a pleasant one, as it acquaints him with prominent business men of this and foreign countries. He also engages in general farming and stock raising, and has a farm of 300 acres, all improved and underlaid with coal. He is located along Scott's Run, which stream gets its name from a Mr. Scott who was murdered by the Indians on the quarter section on which our subject's house is now located, near the present residence of Oscar White.
Mr. Smith was united in marriage March 24, 1867, to Sarah E. Perkins, a native of this county. Her father, Rev. Jonathan Perkins, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, was born in this county, and was a son of Samuel Perkins, who served as a private in the War of 1812. Samuel Perkins was a son of Thomas Perkins, who entered the land in section 17, on which his great-great-grandson, Samuel W., is now located, the latter also possessing the patent for the land signed by Thomas Jefferson. Eleven children were born to bless the union of Mr. and Mrs. Smith, namely: Letha L., who graduated from Winfield (Kansas) College in 1893 in the class with E.O. Creighton, who afterward became her husband - they live in Roswell, New Mexico, where Mr. Creighton is superintendent of schools; Charles S., of Bridgeport, married Mary B. Kirk and has three children - Floyd, Leslie and Reba; Philetus M., who graduated from Franklin College, and is a member of the class of 1903 in the law department of the Ohio State University; Sarah R.; Mabel, wife of George C. Douglas, a farmer at Otto, Oklahoma; George T., a student at the Ohio State University; Laura E.; J. Olney; Esther L.; Ada D.; and one deceased. Religiously they are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which our subject is trustee. He is a Republican in politics. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, a retired farmer and most highly-esteemed citizen of Bridgeport, Ohio, was born in Pease township, Belmont County, Ohio, on October 4, 1830, a son of James M. and Mary (Berry) Smith, the latter of whom was a native of Loudoun County, Virginia.
James M. Smith, the father, was also born in Loudoun County and by trade was a cooper. About 1815 or 1816 he decided to move to Ohio where he believed there would be more demand for his goods, and with wife and three children, a wagon load of household belongings, with $50 in his pocket and two strong horses, set out for the new home, reaching St. Clairsville, Ohio, in the course of time, tired doubtless and homesick for the old surroundings. However, the father and mother of our subject possessed the true pioneer spirit, and soon after located at Glenn's Run, where Mr. Smith was engaged to make the flour barrels for the mills at that place, under the management of William McWilliams. Buying 20 acres of land, Mr. Smith began a little farming which was fairly successful, but later became engaged in the boat-building business, an enterprise which rewarded him well. The boats he constructed were known as "broad horns," and were built for the purpose of taking produce down the Ohio River, Mr. Smith receiving fifty cents per barrel for making the trip. It was his custom to build two boats every year, one filled with coal, the other with produce, run them down the river to New Orleans and there trade boat and all for molasses and sugar which he would bring back on a steamboat to Wheeling. Several occasions occurred when he and his boys made the return trip from Louisville on the ice. On his last trip, Mr. Smith received some very choice sugar of the loaf variety and with this he entered into negotiations with Governor Shannon, by which the latter took the sugar in part payment for 66 acres of land, this being now owned by the subject of this sketch. Governor Shannon had bought this land from an heir in Ireland, who had inherited it in the division of an uncle's estate, but this heir never came to America and the original owners do not possess any of the large property, our subject owning 150 acres of it and his sister, Mrs. Amanda Brown, another 150 acres. James M. Smith, or more properly, Colonel Smith, as he was locally known, served in the War of 1812 and received for this service a land warrant in Missouri upon which his son settled. He was made colonel of the county militia and thus acquired his title. For many years he served as a justice of the peace and his influence was great with litigants, settling many difficulties without costs or trouble. James M. Smith was born in 1817 and died in 1873. He was a Mason and loved the workings of that body. He is still recalled as one of the useful citizens, a good man, a kind neighbor and a firm friend.
No less estimable a character was our subject's worthy mother. She was some 18 months younger than her husband and filled every situation in life with the affection, self-sacrifice and cheerfulness of a lovely, Christian nature. Her many acts of kindness afford pleasant memories to this day. She was the beloved mother of 12 children, the three survivors of this large family being: John F., who is the subject of this sketch, being the youngest of all; Thomas, who is a merchant, resides at Burlington, in Belmont County; and Allen, who lived for a time in this county, later moved to Missouri, and is now a resident of Colorado. One other member of the family was our subject's sister Amanda, who married Hezekiah Brown in Belmont County, but died a widow, in Tennessee, when nearly 70 years of age.
Our subject had poor school advantages, but both his father and mother were far above the average in intelligence and his home training was excellent. His early years were spent in farming and in driving a team, hauling produce through the town and country and hauling the materials for boat-building. The boating enterprise covered a period of 20 years and he was actively engaged in assisting his parent in this business, although his principal business from youth has been farming. Mr. Smith owns a farm of 140 acres which a geological survey has demonstrated to be under-laid with coal. In time this may prove a large fortune for our subject.
Although a zealous and influential Republican, Lieutenant Smith has never sought office. His title was honorably obtained during the Civil War, when he belonged to Company G, 170th Regiment, Ohio National Guard, an organization which did faithful garrison duty, and on July 4, 1864, was hastened to the front, being ordered from Washington City to Harper's Ferry. During the succeeding four months, the regiment was continually engaged in skirmishing between Harper's Ferry and Cedar Creek. When the regiment was honorably discharged and its members mustered out, at Columbus, our subject had a good record, but had escaped either wound or imprisonment, although, as he humorously expresses it, he on one occasion did some "tall running" to escape.
Mr. Smith was married on January 3, 1861, to Theresa M. Miller, a native of Wheeling, West Virginia, and a daughter of David and Elizabeth (Whitaker) Miller, who were natives of Germany. Our subject is a valued member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and is a man who stands well in his community. His genial, pleasant manner makes him popular and among those who know him best, he is prized most highly as friend and comrade. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, T. BRADLEY, prominently known in Bridgeport, Belmont County, Ohio, as a member of the W.B. Hall Furniture Company, is also serving his county in the office of county commissioner, having been elected in 1896 by the Republican party.
Our subject is a native of Jefferson County, West Virginia, born September 18, 1840. He is a son of Frederick C. and Mary E. (Sharff) Smith, natives of the states of Virginia and Maryland, respectively. Frederick C. Smith was a merchant miller by trade and was known throughout the county as one of its most enterprising business men. In 1857, he removed from his home in the Valley of Virginia, and resided in Wheeling until 1862, but at that date removed to Belmont County, Ohio, and here lived many years, doing the farmers in this district great service by trading with them and furnishing them a home market for their grain. He served in some of the minor offices to the satisfaction of his party, and in his religious convictions was an attendant of the M.E. Church. He died April 12, 1883, at the age of sixty-nine years and nine months.
Our subject's mother, who was Mary E. Sharff before marriage, lived to the age of 83 years. She was a member of the M.E. Church. Her death took place November 9, 1898. She had five children, all living at the present time, T. Bradley being the eldest.
T.B. Smith received his education in the public schools of Wheeling, and in the schools of Jefferson County. At the close of school days he took up the occupation of a merchant miller, and establishing a business at Elm Grove, carried on the same for four years with much success. In 1866 he left Elm Grove and entered into partnership with his father, in the same business, at Bridgeport, Ohio, the firm name being Smith & Son. This continued until the death of the elder Mr. Smith, in 1883, when the business was carried on by our subject until 1898; at that date the milling business was discontinued, and no other business was established until 1902. In March 1902, the W.B. Hall Furniture Company commenced business, the partners being W.B. Hall, Madison Aldredge and T.B. Smith, our subject. Their furniture room is very large and is one of the finest in the county. The company carries a heavy stock, and are enjoying the best trade of the city. In addition to their furniture department they have an undertaking department, which is also one of the best in the city, and their stock includes a fine line of wall paper.
October 8, 1867, Mr. Smith was united in matrimony with Nannie A. Lash, a daughter of Abram and Nannie (Powell) Lash, people who were well known throughout the county. Mrs. Smith is a native of Belmont County, and she and her husband have two children, Fred L. and Mary Eloise. Fred L. is an electrician in charge of the electrical work in the plant of the American Tin Plate Company at Martin's Ferry. He was united in marriage with Minnie Morgan, a native of Bridgeport, Ohio, and they have one child, Morgan B.
Mary Eloise is now doing excellent service as saleslady in the employ of the W.B. Hall Furniture Company; she has the advantage of a very good education, and has a knowledge of bookkeeping, typewriting and stenography, being a graduate of the Bridgeport High School, class of 1901.
Mr. Smith has done his best to serve the Republican party since the election of Mr. Lincoln in 1861. For several years he served as school director, and is now doing excellent service as county commissioner of Belmont County. He and his worthy wife are members of the M.E. Church. Mr. Smith is considered one of his county's most substantial citizens and has unquestionably good business qualifications. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

., a citizen of St. Clairsville, Ohio, is judge of the Probate Court of Belmont County, in which capacity he has served with honor and credit since 1896. He was born on a farm near Chester Hill, in Morgan County, Ohio, June 5, 1854, and is a son of David and Mary (Foulke) Smith, who were members of the Society of Friends and both natives of Ohio. His mother died when he was four years old. His father, now past 75 years of age, is living on the old home farm near Chester Hill.
Judge Smith attended boarding school at Westtown, Chester County, Pennsylvania, graduating from there in 1875. He later went to Haverford College in Pennsylvania, from which institution he graduated in the summer of 1877. He then went to McConnelsville, Ohio, and commenced the study of law in the office of Pond & Foulke, and was admitted to the bar in the fall of 1879. He taught school for a number of years while acquiring his education.
He was married June 23, 1880, to Mary Blanche Pond, only daughter of his former preceptor, Col. Francis B. Pond, and Eliza A. (Corner) Pond. Colonel Pond was colonel of the 62nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., in the War of the Rebellion, and was later Attorney General of the State of Ohio. Judge Smith and his wife soon after their marriage located at Barnesville, Ohio, where he commenced the practice of law, and continued there in successful practice until 1896, when he was elected to the office of Probate judge on the Republican ticket, since which time he has resided in St. Clairsville. He was re-elected by an increased majority in 1899. He has always taken an active interest in politics in support of the principles of the Republican party.
Judge Smith and his family are identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church. In secret orders he is an Odd Fellow, a Knight of Pythias, and a Mason. Judge Smith and his wife are the parents of two children: Harold D., who is attending the public school in St. Clairsville, and Frances E., a daughter, who is now a junior in Lake Erie College at Painesville, Ohio. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

Smith-Huff, Flora Estell:
Flora Estell Huff b. 16-Feb-1866who married 7-Oct-1882
a Daniel H. Smith.b1860 d. 1900 They had three children Ernest b.1887, Lewis b. 1887, Cleo b. 1894. They had traveled to several western states and Daniel had been thrown out and Flora had help from the churches in returning home to Ohio. Finally in the winter moths of 1900 Daniel and Flora lived in a house on the Stephenson farm in New Athens, Belmont co Ohio. Daniel had one of his drunken spells and left but vowed to return to kill them all. Two weeks passed before he returned. During this time the oldest Ernest obtained a job to raise money to buy lead to make bullets to protect his family. When Flora heard that Daniel was back in the area she took the kids to the back yard corner fence and covered them with a sheet to hide from Daniel. They could not stand the coldness so they returned to the house and nailed everything shut that they could. Daniel arrived drunk and beat on several doors before getting in the back door. That's when Flora took the gun from Ernest and shot Daniel in the head. Mr. Stephenson had heard Daniel attempting to break in and by the time he got there it was over. Flora's children stood by her side through the entire trial. She was found innocent and left town with Ernest carrying the gun for the train station to go to her brothers home, Clement Edgar Huff at Station 15. Mill Township Tuscarawas Co/ (Now) Harrison County Ohio, USA.
Harrison County Ohio, USA newspapers

SNYDER, Peter James :
Peter James Snyder, of Fort Hill, was born January 24, 1861, near Berlin, Brothers Valley township, son of William Snyder, grandson of George Snyder and great-grandson of Michael Snyder, a farmer of Brothers Valley township. George Snyder also was a Somerset county farmer. William Snyder, son of George Snyder, was born in 1835, and like his father and grandfather followed agricultural pursuits in his native county. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John and ______ (Real) Poister, the former a miller of Rockwood, and their family consisted of the following children: Peter James, of whom later; Elizabeth, at home; Ellen Hering, of Beaman, Iowa; and William J., of Green Mountain, Iowa.
Peter James Snyder, son of William and Elizabeth (Poister) Snyder, received his education in the Fort Hill school house, and has always led the life of a farmer within the boundaries of his native county of Somerset. He has also been extensively engaged in the milling business, having operated the Wiltrout and Rockwood mills and now having charge of the Fort Hill mill. In the sphere of politics he affiliates with the Republican party, giving to its principles and doctrines the aid of his support. He is a member of the Church of God.
Mr. Snyder married, August 27, 1884, Victoria McClintock, of Addison township, Pennsylvania, and they are the parents of the following children: Mary Ellen, wife of Garfield Leslie, of Black township, two children, Mamie and Hazel; Lydia Amanda, wife of Frank Hay, of Black township; Maggie, Elmer Harrison, Annie, Minnie, Grant, Maud, Toilie, Laura, and Lester. [" History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 416]

SPENCE, GEORGE L., president of the Stanton Heater Company, director in the People's Savings Bank, stockholder in the First National Bank of Bridgeport, director and vice-president of the Fidelity Savings & Loan Company and director in the Spence-Baggs Stove Company, of Martin's Ferry, is one of the leading business men of the Ohio Valley.
Mr. Spence is an Ohio product, born in Martin's Ferry, on November 11, 1866, a son of Lavosier and Elizabeth (Dakan) Spence, the former of whom was born in Jefferson County and the latter in Belmont County, in the same State. Lavosier Spence was born to parents who lived in an unassuming way, in a cabin on a rented farm in Mount Pleasant township, Jefferson County, on January 14, 1829, and like the majority of self-made men attained his present position as a capitalist, by climbing up a hill of toil. His educational advantages were meager indeed and he just simply went to work and kept at it through youth and manhood; his struggles developed his character as well as his mental and physical being. From being a good carpenter he developed into an excellent machinist, and in 1857 he began the making of threshing machines in Martin's Ferry, and ten years later made engines, continuing the business until 1899. Mr. Spence was one of the original builders of the old Aetna and Standard iron and steel companies' works, and was a director in both companies until they went into the combination in 1899. In 1873 he went into the manufacture of stoves, continuing alone until 1874, when he admitted several gentlemen into partnership, the firm name thus becoming Spence, Baggs & Co., which operated successfully until 1900 when the present firm of the Spence-Baggs Stove Co. was incorporated. This company is yearly expanding and growing more prosperous.
In 1899 the thresher and engine plants which our subject's father established were merged into the Riverside Bridge Company, Mr. Spence still retaining an interest. He is also a director in the Stanton Heater Company, is president of the People's Savings Bank and vice-president of the First National Bank of Bridgeport, Ohio.
Mr. Spence is financially interested in other manufacturing enterprises in Martin's Ferry. For years he has been one of the most enterprising men of the city, ready to promote its best interests. Mr. Spence owns one of the handsomest residences in Martin's Ferry, which is situated on a bluff commanding a fine view of the hills and the river. He delights in his home, in his family and friends, and is proud and hopeful regarding the future of this city. He has been identified with much of the improvement in this section.
On August 20, 1857, Mr. Spence was married to Elizabeth Dakan who came to Martin's Ferry in 1854. Two sons were born to this union, namely: John D. and George L. John D. Spence was born on November 3, 1862, and died August 6, 1895. He married Texa Arnett, who was a native of Wheeling, who died in 1889, at the age of 24 years, leaving two children, Elizabeth D. and Grover L.
George L. Spence received many educational advantages. Finishing his primary education in the lower grades in Martin's Ferry, he entered the High School, graduating from that institution in 1886 and then entered the Ohio State University at Columbus. In 1887, when in the sophomore year, he left the college in order to enter into the thresher and engine manufacturing business in which he was made a partner in 1890, continuing as such until 1899 when he assisted in the incorporation of the Stanton Heater Company and raised the funds to put it on a safe basis. Like his father, Mr. Spence has an unusual degree of business ability and is interested in many of the leading enterprises in this locality and is foremost in all public movements tending to the prosperity and advancement of Martin's Ferry. He is interested and still a director in the Spence-Baggs Stove Company; he helped to organize the Belmont Brick Company and was a director in that company for some seven years; is a stockholder in the First National Bank in Bridgeport; and in 1887 was one of the organizers and has been a director and the vice-president of the Fidelity Savings & Loan Company since. Mr. Spence was one of the original organizers of the Y.M.C.A. and served for two years as its president.
On October 12, 1892, Mr. Spence was married to Flora A. McCord, a native of Martin's Ferry and a daughter of C.G. and Anna McCord, residents of the same city. For the past 20 years Mr. McCord has been in the brick business and is a member of the brick firm of McCord Brothers, of Martin's Ferry, Ohio. Two daughters have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Spence, Emma A. and Gertrude E. The religious connection of the family is with the Baptist Church, in which body Mr. Spence has efficiently filled all the positions accorded to a layman. His support is liberal and both he and his wife find much enjoyment in furthering its usefulness. Politics do not appeal to Mr. Spence, and he confines his activity to local affairs. He is justly ranked high in business circles and his integrity and justice in dealing with others is only equaled by his display of engaging qualities in private life. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

SPRINGER, J.E., the superintendent of the Aetna Standard Mill at Martin's Ferry and Bridgeport, Ohio, is a gentleman deserving of the recognition and esteem of all his fellow-men and an upright citizen of Belmont County. He is a son of Thomas and Celena (Bott) Springer, and was born January 5, 1873, in Wheeling, West Virginia.
Thomas Springer was born in Washington County, Ohio, and early in life learned the trade of a wagonmaker and worked at this for some time. At this writing, however, he is a mill worker, which he began after leaving the occupation of his trade. He married Celena Bott, who is now deceased, her death having taken place December 20, 1886, at the age of 33 years. To this union were born five children, as follows: Charles Henry, who died in childhood; J.E., our subject; George W., Harry and Thomas, the last three being mill workers in Martin's Ferry. Mr. and Mrs. Springer belonged to the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in that faith our subject was reared. The father was united in marriage a second time in July, 1893, with Louisa Fowler, a daughter of David Fowler, and they have four children, namely, Madge L., Ralph W., Merle L. and Edith M., who died in infancy. Mr. Springer is still living at the age of fifty-one years.
Our subject graduated from the schools of Martin's Ferry in 1891, and worked a few months with his father in the mill. Subsequently he became connected with the clerical force in February, 1892, and at the present time is serving as superintendent. He commenced near the bottom of the ladder and has been advanced by good service from time to time until he attained his present position.
August 28, 1894, Mr. Springer was united in marriage with Milicent M. Fowler, a native of Marshall County, Iowa, and a daughter of David W. and Elizabeth (Hornish) Fowler, the former a native of Belmont County and the latter of Washington County, Pennsylvania. David W. Fowler was an agriculturist and served his country during the Civil War as a member of the 100-day service. In 1875, he returned to Belmont County, Ohio, and as long as he was able interested himself in farming. His death occurred October 5, 1890, at the age of 61 years. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and his beloved widow is still living at the age of 73 years. Our subject's wife was the ninth child in a family of ten children, and their names are as follows: Ella M., who followed teaching for many years; John W., who died in February, 1896; Joseph E., a mill worker in Martin's Ferry; Agnes J., now Mrs. George W. Thompson, residing at Martin's Ferry; Anna M. (Mrs. John R. Thompson); Lizzie A.; Louisa, who married Thomas Springer and lives in Martin's Ferry; David H., a blacksmith of that city also; our subject's wife, Milicent, and Russell, who died when but three years of age.
Mr. Springer takes an interest in politics and votes the Republican ticket. His first national vote was cast for William McKinley. He was elected member of the School Board April 8, 1892, and has served conscientiously and well. In social circles he is a member of Ohio City Lodge, No. 486, F. & A.M.; is junior warden of the same, and is a member of Belmont Chapter. His residence is located at No. 512 Vine street, and there he and his wife enjoy a peaceful, comfortable existence. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STANTON, WILLIAM, one of Belmont County's enterprising citizens, is a representative of a family which can trace an ancestry as far back in the past as 1600, but is a man who requires no such lineage to assure him the respect and esteem of his fellow-citizens in and around the pleasant village of Tacoma. As postmaster, farmer and man of large business interests, he receives consideration, while his estimable character as a private citizen brings him the confidence and friendship of those with whom he comes into contact.
Henry Stanton, the paternal grandfather of William, was born in North Carolina, and in youth accompanied his mother to Ohio, passing the remainder of his life here. His son, Joseph Stanton, the father of William, was born near Mount Pleasant, Ohio, in 1812, and died in 1859. He married Mary, a daughter of S. and Elizabeth Hodgin, natives of Georgia and residents of Belmont County, Ohio. Their children were the following: William, of this sketch; Eli, deceased; Anna, the wife of Nathan Bundy; Eunice, deceased; and Elizabeth, the wife of L.P. Bailey.
William Stanton was born September 15, 1839, in Warren township and was reared on his father's farm and was educated at the Friends' Boarding School, at Mount Pleasant. In 1864 he was united in marriage with Jane S. Davis, daughter of Francis and Mary Davis, both natives of Ohio. The ten children of this union were named as follows: Eva T., Mary D., deceased; Joseph E.; Francis W., deceased; John L., deceased; Elwood D.; Anna C.; Edna M. and Ellen D., twins; William Macy.
In 1867, together with W.K. Tipton, our subject settled two miles east of Barnesville, on the line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and in 1871 engaged in the nursery business, occupying 25 acres of land, erecting here a greenhouse 22 by 40 feet in dimensions, and an additional 67 acres which was partially set out in orchard. This land is situated in the northwest corner of section 4. This business continued from 1871 until 1873, when our subject bought Mr. Tipton's interest and has since then operated the nursery and greenhouse alone. His careful attention and wise and judicious experimenting and cultivation have resulted in a prosperity which has made him one of the leading fruit growers of the county. In 1894 Mr. Stanton was one of the organizers of a company which erected a creamery on a tract of his land, on section 10, a two-story frame house, with a modern dairy attached. Since that time Mr. Stanton has gradually bought all the stock of the company with the exception of one-seventh, and is practically its sole owner. It was through the influence of Mr. Stanton that a post office was established at this point in February, 1887, by President Cleveland, and on March 15th following our subject took charge.
Mr. Stanton is one of the leading citizens in his locality. With his family he attends the Friends' Meeting, to which religious body his family has long belonged. He has never had any political aspirations, preferring a life devoted to congenial business enterprises. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STARBUCK, JOHN -- one of the most prominent farmers of Belmont County, whose large and commodious brick residence in Colerain township stands about one-eighth of a mile from the post office, has for the past 47 years been a resident of this township and for the last 27 years an occupant of his present abode. Of his thrift and intelligent management his attractive and highly improved farm speaks for itself. He is one of the old citizens of the county, having been born in Somerset township April 11, 1827, and he is a son of John and Ann (Lapping) Starbuck.
George Starbuck, grandfather of our subject, was one of those hardy pioneers who opened up to settlers the new State of Ohio. Coming to Belmont County with his wife and children in 1808, he settled upon a farm near Barnesville, where he afterward made his home. A man of force and determination, he bore his share of the battles with wild beasts and obstructing forests, and assisted greatly in making the place a safe and passable region. His wife, whose Christian name was Elizabeth, also helped bear the privations of the rude pioneer life. Mr. Starbuck died on the farm.
John Starbuck, son of George and father of John, whose name heads this sketch, was born in 1797, came to this county in 1808, and here for the most part made his home. He followed farming for most his mature life, at which he was very successful. Living to the age of 67, he died on the family homestead in 1864. His wife, Ann Lapping, died in 1853 at the age of about 53 years. By his marriage there were 11 children - Samuel, a farmer of Belmont County; William, who fought under Sherman in the Civil War, now a farmer in Somerset township; Ruth Ann, who married George Coffland of Loydsville, Ohio; three sons who died, as follows - George, at the age of about 19 years; Hezekiah, from an accident at the age of 10 years, and Robert, at the age of 12 years. Thomas, a soldier in the 62nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., was taken prisoner at Fort Wagner, and sent to Andersonville, where it is thought he died of starvation at the age of 21; Daniel, who died at the age of 40; Elizabeth, who died in her 20th year, and Elisha and the other child, who died when young. Mr. and Mrs. Starbuck were both faithful and consistent members of the Society of Friends.
John Starbuck of this sketch procured his early education in the schools of Jefferson and Belmont Counties, and later attended Mount Pleasant College. Well equipped for the work, at the age of 21 he began teaching and for two years carried on his professional pursuits in winter and followed farming in summer. In 1855 he came to Colerain township and settling upon a farm, engaged in agriculture for himself. By strict attention to his work and careful management he made the place pay well and in time became possessed of considerable means. In 1875 he purchased his present farm, a well improved tract of 126 acres, part of which is underlaid with coal from which he has derived material benefit. Here he carries on general farming and conducts a large dairy, making good profits by shipping the milk to Wheeling. The house is a large brick one, which was built in 1825, and has been kept in good repairs. It is a 13-room structure with an excellent cellar divided into three apartments.
August 23, 1854, Mr. Starbuck married Sarah Bunday, who was born in Belmont County, daughter of Benjamin and Delitha (Bailey) Bunday. To Mr. and Mrs. Starbuck have been born 10 children: Benjamin F., Allison, Marietta, Anna, Eva B., Thomas, Lorena, Lizzie, Alice and Eunice. Benjamin F., now a farmer in Harrison County, married Sarah Millhouse, and after her death which occurred March 19, 1885, Anna Lewellen became his wife. By the first marriage there were three children - Edith, who died at the age of 18 years, Albert and Lewis, who since the death of his mother has resided with his Grandfather and Grandmother Starbuck. By the second marriage there were four children - Martha, Mary, Emily and Jesse. Allison, whose wife officiates as pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church, is the owner of a greenhouse. He married Florence Savage, but they have had no children. Marietta, a resident of Colerain township, married Benjamin Cope, and they have had nine children - Amy, Anna, John, Caroline, Charlotte, Helen (now deceased), Darlington, Byron and Chalkley. Anna, who has never married, has been professor in an Indian school in New York for the last three years. Eva B., who married Aaron Edkin, is matron of this same school, which is under the management of the Society of Friends, and her husband acts as superintendent. Thomas, a farmer, married Abbie Hall, and they have one child - Mabel. Lorena, who has won for herself an excellent reputation for scholarship, methods and disciplinary powers, has for the past seven years served as an instructor in a Friends' school in Iowa. Lizzie, now residing at home, has taught in Iowa for some time, and Alice has been a teacher in Kansas. Eunice is the youngest child.
Mr. Starbuck is a man of influence in his community, and in 1890 served as land appraiser, filling the office with marked ability. As a Republican he is one of the leaders in local politics. He and his family belong to the Society of Friends.
Benjamin Bunday, father of Mrs. Starbuck, was originally of North Carolina, and died in Ohio in 1875 at the age of 82. He married Delitha Bailey, who when a child came from Virginia to Ohio. She died in her 71st year in 1870. Both were good Christians and members of the Society of Friends. By this marriage there were 13 children - Jesse, now a resident of Kansas; Josiah, who died at the age of 66 years; Mary Ann, and Martha, who died young; William, a resident of Colerain township; Sarah, who is mentioned above; Edmund, a prominent farmer of this county; Rachel, who married Mason Thomas and resides in Barnesville; Ann, who married Robert Hampton and lives in Iowa; David, now deceased, married Esther Milligan, who now resides in Colerain; Matilda and Jane died young, and Charles is living in Barnesville. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STEELE, ELLIS B., a veteran of the Civil War, is a prosperous farmer residing on the old Steele homestead in Pease township, Belmont County, Ohio. He was born on this farm in 1828, as was his father, Joshua, who was born in 1804.
Benajah Steele, grandfather of our subject, was born in Jones County, North Carolina, and came of Quaker ancestry. His father was Peter Steele, who never left North Carolina. Benajah Steele assisted in the early survey of Ohio in 1799, and moved here in 1800, locating in section 1, township 7, range 3. He died in 1854, at the age of 94 years, seven months and 26 days. He was one of the "Minute Men" of the Revolutionary War, and was a staunch Whig. He married a daughter of Joshua Bundy, and she died November 18, 1834. To them were born the following children: Peter, Mary, Elijah, Ruth, Joshua, and Ellis, all of whom are now deceased.
Joshua Steele resided on the farm where he was born and followed farming throughout life. He was a staunch Whig and active on the line of the "Underground Railroad." He married Abigail Parker, who was born in Northampton County, North Carolina, in 1803, and died in 1855. Seven children were born to them, as follows: Ellis B.; Mary, who died in infancy; Sarah, who resides with our subject; Wesley, who died April 19, 1900; Joseph, who died in 1858; Jacob, who resides with our subject; and Addison, who resides nearby. Addison Steele married a daughter of Robert Goff and has two children, Addison Winfield and Leah. Wesley Steele served in the Civil War in Company G, 170th Ohio Vol. Inf. - the same company and regiment of which the subject of this sketch was a member. He married Caroline Cunningham, daughter of George Cunningham, in the fall of 1865, and lived near the old home. At his death he left his widow and one daughter, who married Harry Brown, son of Albert Brown, of Upland, Ohio.
The Steeles were very active in operating the "Underground Railroad," and Ellis B. Steele probably ran the last train through his section of Belmont County, the route being in the southeastern part, from the river to Trenton or Emerson, in Jefferson County.
Ellis B. Steele has always followed blacksmithing and farming, having learned his trade with John Theaker, on Short Creek. He built his first shop on the farm in 1852, and erected the present one in 1890, although he has engaged but little at his trade during the past 15 years. The present home was built in 1828, the year of his birth. There are 159 acres to the home place, and this is devoted to general farming and stock raising. He erected at Steele's Grove a hall for amusements and picnics. He has been active in Sabbath-school work, but attends church at different places, still favoring the Society of Friends. He served as trustee of Pease township two or three terms, and also as land appraiser. In politics he is a staunch Republican. During the Civil War he served as corporal in Company G, 170th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., 19th Army Corps, in the 100-day service in 1864. He was not wounded, but suffered very severely from malarial fever that he contracted.
Fraternally, Mr. Steele has been a member of the Odd Fellows for 52 years, being the oldest continuous member of the Mount Pleasant Lodge, No. 63, which he joined in August, 1851. He joined the Masons in 1865, Mount Pleasant Lodge, but is now a member of the Martin's Ferry lodge. For 24 years he has belonged to the Patrons of Husbandry of Morning View. He is a member of the J.T. Updegraff Post, G.A.R., of Mount Pleasant. Mr. Steele has never married. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STEER, ELISHA B. -- a well-known representative farmer of Belmont County, Ohio, residing on his fine farm of 94 acres, located on section 7, range 3, Colerain township, was born on a farm which adjoins his own on the south on June 2, 1850. His parents were Israel and Rebecca (Bracken) Steer, more extended mention of whom will be found in another part of this volume.
Our subject was educated in the local public schools and at Mount Pleasant, Ohio, assisting his father in the latter's farming operations much of the time. When about 25 years of age he began his own agricultural career and has been very successful, raising the usual products of this locality, making wheat a specialty. In growing this grain Mr. Steer has demonstrated that proper knowledge of soil, seed and fertilizer has much to do with its yield in Ohio, his own being very satisfactory. He has raised over 50 bushels of wheat to the acre, and as this is an unusual yield for Belmont County, much credit must be given for his intelligent methods of cultivation.
On May 22, 1876, Mr. Steer was married to Ellen C. Gilbert, a native of Pennsylvania, and a daughter of George and Hannah (Cope) Gilbert, both of whom are deceased, the former dying in 1872. Five children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Steer, as follows: Louisa, wife of Wallace J. Bundy; Alfred G., a graduate of Westtown Friends' Boarding School, who has been for four years with a Philadelphia firm engaged in the sale of dairy machinery; Wilmer I., a graduate of Bliss Business College in 1902, is employed as head bookkeeper for the Belmont Telephone Company of Bridgeport, Ohio, and Alice R. and Florence H., at home. Mr. Steer has been a prominent factor in educational enterprises to the best of his ability. His interesting family is one to do credit to the county and all are most highly esteemed and all are birthright members of the Society of Friends, of which Mr. Steer is a recognized minister.
Mr. Steer is not only one of the best farmers of Belmont County, but he is highly respected in business and social relationships, ranking with the leading and reliable men of this section. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STEWART & WARD, wholesale grocers and millers, located at the corner of 28th and Water streets, is an old and reliable business firm of Bellaire, Belmont County, Ohio, which was established in 1879, 23 years ago. Until 1892 the business was milling, but in that year the firm embarked in the wholesale grocery line, and is the only jobbing house in Bellaire.
The mill was purchased from the firm of Bent & Dunlop, and has been remodeled and equipped with modern machinery until it is first-class and thoroughly up-to-date. The main brands of flour manufactured are the "Beauty," the "Daisy Roller," and the "Anchor." This house distributes several brands of Northwestern spring wheat flour to its trade. The business requires 15 employees, including traveling men, who cover the regular Wheeling jobbing district. The mill is operated by steam power and railroad facilities are of the best. As the firm controls the jobbing trade in the county, it occupies a leading and independent position. Its managers are men of ability and reliability and enjoy the confidence of the public to the fullest extent.
A.T. STEWART was born and reared in Jefferson County, Ohio, but has resided at Bellaire ever since the organization of the present business. Prior to that he had engaged in a mercantile line, and conducted a general store at Toronto, Ohio, several years. In young manhood he went to Vicksburg, and spent two years there in a jobbing business just before locating in Bellaire. His residence is on Belmont street. His family consists of three children, as follows: A. Mack, who is storekeeper for the National Steel Company at Bellaire; and Roberta L. and William, who are at home. Mrs. Stewart is deceased. Mr. Stewart has at various times been interested in business enterprises in the city and has been a member of the Board of Education. His religious connection is with the Presbyterian Church.
D.A. WARD has been a resident of Bellaire since 1879, when he formed his partnership with Mr. Stewart. He was born in 1850, near Steubenville, Ohio, and in 1876 went to Toronto, Ohio, and there engaged in a milling business. He was reared on a farm and was given a good common school education, which fitted him for a business career in which he has been so successful. He married Ella M. Stewart, a sister of his partner, and his three children are: Frankie, bookkeeper for the firm; Amy and Donald. Mr. Ward built a handsome home in the Fourth Ward, and he is a trustee of the First Presbyterian Church of Bellaire. In politics he is a Republican, and, like his partner, is held in high esteem for his upright business methods as well as his estimable personal characteristics. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STONEBRAKER, M.C., one of the prominent farmers and influential citizens of Mead township, Belmont County, was born in March, 1857, on the farm where he now resides, the only son of Ephraim and Martha E. (Granfell) Stonebraker, who were married on December 30, 1852, at Jacobsburg, Belmont County.
Ephraim Stonebraker was the youngest of a family of 15 children born to his father, Samuel Stonebraker, who was twice married. Ephraim died on the farm where his widow resides with her son and family, near Key station, in March, 1865, aged 35 years. The mother of our subject was born August 12, 1833, a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Barnett) Granfell, the former being of English descent and the latter of Scotch-Irish. William Granfell was born September 27, 1791, and died in 1837; his wife, born June 4, 1805, died April 13, 1866. Their children were: Martha E., James, Thomas, Miles, Preston, Mary, who died young, and Margaret, who married James Gladdin of Smith township and is also deceased. Mrs. Stonebraker is a niece of one who was so well known and highly regarded in this section that he was universally called "Uncle" Tommy Miles, a very early pioneer. He never married, and at death willed his section of land to relatives.
Our subject was educated in the district schools and has spent his whole life on his farm, which contains 80 acres of well tilled and productive land, where he has successfully carried on general farming and stock raising. Mr. Stonebraker erected here a very comfortable house in 1884 and replaced the old one, which serves well as a stable, although under its old roof three generations of the family found shelter for many years. Mr. Stonebraker has leased the old farm and is preparing to remove to Key in order to give his children better educational advantages and to retire from enforced activity.
In 1878 Mr. Stonebraker was married to Mary Phillips, who was born in Smith township, in July, 1859, a daughter of James W. and Annie (White) Phillips, the latter of whom has been deceased for some 15 years. The Phillips family was a very early one in Smith township and lived near Jacobsburg station. The two children of Mr. and Mrs. Stonebraker are Earl B., born December 8, 1882, who is a graduate of the Wheeling Business College and is now a solicitor for the same; and Etta M., who was born May 3, 1891.
In political sentiment Mr. Stonebraker has been a lifelong Democrat, and he has most acceptably served for six years as township trustee and is serving his third term as justice of the peace, his excellent judgment and high standing in the community making him a very popular official. In religious views the family is in accord with the Presbyterian Church and attend services at the Concord Church. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STRAHL, CYRUS H.-- a respected citizen of Bellaire, Ohio, is agent for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, with which he has been identified since 1870. He was born at Somerton, Belmont County, December 28, 1838, and is a son of Joel and Ann W. (Bailey) Strahl. His mother was a daughter of Charity Bailey, whose family was one of the early ones in Belmont County. His father was born and reared at Somerton, but lived at Bellaire at the time of his death. Our subject is the oldest of four children, the others being: Charles L., car inspector of the B. & O. R.R. at Bellaire; Joel Edward, a printer in the employ of a large publishing house at Allegheny, Pennsylvania; and Ella, wife of contractor J.W. Jones, of Bellaire.
Cyrus H. Strahl was one year old when his parents removed with him to Monroe County, Ohio, where he resided until 14 years of age, then moved to Martin's Ferry in 1852. In 1854 he located in Bellaire, which has been his home most of the time since. In the Civil War he enlisted in the 43rd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and served for 19 months, and later re-enlisted for the 100 days' service in Company I, 170th Reg., O.N.G., in 1864. In 1870 he entered the transportation department of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company in a minor clerkship, passed successfully through the various clerical positions of this territory, and during 1889 and 1890 was chief clerk at Wheeling. He was cashier at Bellaire, Ohio, during the years 1890-1891, and transfer agent at Benwood from June 19, 1893, when the station was opened, until August 10, 1900, when he assumed the duties of agent at Bellaire, and has since held that position.
Mr. Strahl was united in marriage with Clarissa Jane Terry, of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, and resides now at No. 3564 Guernsey Street. They have two children: Charlie F., who is transfer agent at Benwood, having succeeded our subject in that position; and Annie, wife of Louis J. Breshar, of Everett, State of Washington. Fraternally, our subject is a member of the Bellaire Lodge, No. 267, F. & A.M.; Bellaire Chapter, No. 107, R.A.M.; and Hope Commandery, No. 26, K.T., of St. Clairsville. His son, Charlie F., is a 32nd degree Mason, a member of Syrian Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S., and Scottish Rite, of Cincinnati. Religiously Mr. Strahl was reared a Quaker, but is inclined to be liberal. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

STRONG, THOMAS L. -- vice-president and general manager of the Enterprise Enamel Company, of Bellaire, Ohio, is one of the enterprising and public-spirited young business men of this city. Mr. Strong was born at Frankfort, Kansas, although his parents, James H. and Jane (Bradford) Strong, were natives of Ohio.
William Strong, the grandfather of Thomas L., was well known in his day as a reliable cooper, his kegs being the first ones made use of by the Laughlin Nail Works, or the old Top Mill at Wheeling. Mr. Strong was then in partnership with Elijah Woods, and they made the kegs at Martin's Ferry and sent them across the river in skiffs. William Strong conducted the first coopering establishment in this locality. James H. Strong, his son, was born at Martin's Ferry and now resides at Bellaire. He lost his wife some years since. In 1856, with his family, he moved to Kansas and there engaged in coopering and farming until his return to Belmont County in 1873.
Thomas L. Strong spent a three-year apprenticeship to the glass business, learning the trade thoroughly, and for 10 years was foreman in the engraving room of the Bellaire Goblet Company. His business ability was thus demonstrated and his appointment as general manager of the great and increasing Enterprise interests has proven very judicious. The Enterprise enamel plant was started in Bellaire and was operated in a small way by Theodore Rossbach and Carl L. Dorer, on the site of the present Enterprise plant, on Union street, between 17th and 18th streets. Through the active efforts of James F. DuBois, William Lipphardt and others were interested, and the business has been reorganized and placed on a sound basis and has increased to gigantic proportions. The first meeting of the board of directors was held December 13, 1897, the members being: William Lipphardt, president; F.H. Eick, vice-president; James F. DuBois, secretary and treasurer; Carl L. Dorer, vice-president; J.A. Green, Theodore Neff and Theodore Rossbach. In February, 1899, the works were temporarily shut down, but were soon reopened with Thomas L. Strong as general manager, and his influence was immediately felt in the impetus given to the business. The stockholders are almost exclusively citizens of Bellaire and vicinity and represent a large amount of capital. The present officers are: William Lipphardt, president; Thomas L. Strong, vice-president and general manager, and R.C. Faris, secretary and treasurer. The board of directors is composed of such responsible citizens as: William Lipphardt, Thomas L. Strong, Theodore Neff (the first stockholder), C.L. Dorer, J.A. Green, William J. Howell and John R. Gow. The buildings have been erected since February, 1899, and now cover an area of two acres, the main building containing the offices, packing and store rooms. This building is three stories in height and its dimensions are 60 by 120 feet. The great furnace room, where the burning and baking is done, is of one story and is 120 by 78 feet in dimensions, and the one-story drying and shipping room is 120 by 100 feet in dimensions. In addition a new building was erected in 1902 - a machinery department where the shaping of various products is done, and the constantly increasing business has rendered it necessary to build the following buildings, which are under construction: A machine shop, 70 by 108 feet; a stock building, 100 by 108 feet; and three dipping and drying rooms, 60 by 180 feet. This great industry employs 220 workmen and distributes a large amount of money. Its railroad facilities are excellent, having the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad tracks on one side and the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks on the other. The largely increasing trade of the Enterprise Enamel Company is handled through the large wholesale and jobbing house of Hibbard, Spencer, Bartlett & Company at Chicago, Illinois - that being the distributing point.
Mr. Strong was born with executive talents, but he deserves credit for the manner in which he has developed his faculties and handles the great business problems which come into his every-day life. His family consists of wife and daughter, who are connected with the Christian Church. Mr. Strong's fraternal relations are cordial with the Masonic bodies and he is a member of Bellaire Chapter. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, REV. LOUIS W. -- beloved pastor of St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church at Bridgeport, Belmont County, Ohio, is a young man with every prospect of a bright and joyful future before him. He is a son of Louis W. and Christina (Hahne) Suedmeyer, the former a native of Missouri, while the latter claims Prussia as her native place. Our subject is also a native of Missouri, having been born in Franklin County, October 26, 1875.
Louis W. Suedmeyer, father of our subject, was very favorably regarded by the citizens of his community, but died at the early age of 22 years, leaving his wife and our subject to mourn his loss. The former is now the wife of Charles Kruse, and they have six children. Mr. Suedmeyer followed the occupation of farming, raising grain for the most part, and served his township as trustee for some time. He and his wife were both faithful members of the German Evangelical Lutheran Church. His wife is now living at Senate Grove in Missouri, having reached her 50th mile-stone May 23, 1902.
The primary education of our subject was secured in the public schools of his native place, and was followed by instruction at the proseminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church at Elmhurst, Illinois. He was graduated from that school in 1898, and next became a student at the seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church at St. Louis, Missouri, and was graduated with the class of 1900, which was the jubilee class of the institution.
Mr. Suedmeyer's first charge was Bridgeport, and there he has been faithfully performing his duty, both as a minister of the Gospel and also as a teacher. May 19, 1901, he was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with Angela Hotz, born in Brighton, Illinois, a daughter of the late Rev. J.J. Hotz. Rev. Mr. Hotz died at the age of 64 years, his death taking place April 17, 1898. For 34 years he was a minister of the same church as that to which our subject has given his support, and his many acts of kindness have not been forgotten by his people. His wife is still living, an honored resident of New Haven, Missouri.
The citizens of Bridgeport have a very kindly regard for Mr. Suedmeyer and welcome him most heartily to their homes. Wherever known he has an excellent reputation for energy, uprightness and zeal in his good work, and his scholarly bearing and learning fit him for the place he now occupies in the lives and hearts of his people. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

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