Genealogy Trails History Group

Belmont County, Ohio
Genealogy and History



CADWALLADER, Mrs. Alice A. W., philanthropist, born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, in 1832. At an early age she became the wife of Mr. Cochran, a Virginian, who died, leaving her with a family of three small children. Six years after his death she was united in marriage to N. J. White, who was killed in the battle of Antietam. Mrs. White took charge of the sanitary supplies of Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and served subsequently under the Sanitary Commission on the steamer "R. C. Woods;" at Jeffersonville, Ind.; and over the White Women's Refugee Hospital, at Nashville, Tenn. She settled in Nebraska, pre-empting a homestead, on which she lived two years. During that period and for two years afterward she filled the office of Grand Vice-Templar in the order of Good Templars. Then the crusade spirit fired the Great West, and, laying down her Good Templar work, with other sisters, she joined in the crusade against the saloons in Lincoln, Neb. In 1880, in Lincoln, Neb., she became the wife of Rev. Joseph Cadwallader, of the Congregational Church. On account of his failing health they removed to Jacksonville, Fla., where in 1886 she was made president of the State Woman's Christian Temperance Union. In that office she brought the work in that State from a condition of apathy and indifference to a healthy and steadily increasing growth. She resigned her position as State president and is now engaged in the crowning work of her life, the establishment of the Woman's Industrial Home, in Augusta, Ga. (American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies Vol 1 Publ. 1897 Transcribed by Marla Snow)

CAINE, Alexander Clinton --
was born in Somerset, Perry county, Ohio, December 9 1849. He received his education in the common schools of his native village. During the first year of the rebellion he volunteered in the Thirty-first Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and in September, 1862, he re-enlisted in the Ninetieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served his country with that regiment until June, 1864. At the close of the war he engaged in commercial pursuits until January 1886, when he was appointed by General Axline a clerk in the office of the adjutant general of Ohio, where he remained until January, 1888. Mr. Caine was then appointed by Hon. E. W. Poe land clerk in the office of the auditor of state, which position he retained until January, 1892, when he was elected chief clerk of the Ohio state senate. He was re-elected without opposition for the Seventy-first general assembly, and again chosen chief clerk of the senate for the Seventy-second general assembly, beginning January, 1896. Mr. Caine has always been an active republican, and he has served as a member of the state central and state executive committees. He was married June 25, 1890, to Miss Julia *****night, of Cleveland, Ohio. They have a son, Louis *****night Caine. Mr. Caine is a Mason, Knight Templar, Shriner, and a Knight of Pythias." ["Representative Men of Ohio, 1896-97", James Mercer, C.N. Vallandigham, authors; published 1896.]

CALDWELL, JOHN - one of the substantial, representative and public-spirited citizens of Wheeling township, Belmont County, Ohio, who resides upon his fine farm comprising 168 acres of land situated in the coal and oil belt, was born May 18, 1843, in Wheeling township, at the home of his grandfather, John Bell.
The family is of Irish origin, the grandfather of our subject, also named John Caldwell, being a native of County Antrim, Ireland. He came to America with his family, when his son William was about five years of age. In Ireland he married Mary Black of his own county and they had three children born in the old country - William, Jane and John Patrick - while Elizabeth was born near Philadelphia, where they landed. The family started west at a later date, and at Pittsburg the father, with others, took a fever and died, leaving the widow in the strange land with four children to rear. She located in Washington County, Pennsylvania, about five miles west of Washington and bravely took up her burden, following weaving in order to bring her little ones bread. She educated them as well as she could, and kept them together, and in every way was a woman of character well worthy to be remembered by her descendants.
William Caldwell, the father of our subject was born in Ireland, February 14, 1814, and crossed the ocean with his parents in 1819. He lived with his mother near Little Washington until they removed to Ohio about 1830, when they located on a little farm near Fairpoint in Wheeling township, moving in 1836 to a farm which is now the site of Bannock, which he in association with his uncle, Patrick Black, bought equally - William buying the west half, about 75 acres. June 2, 1842, Mr. Caldwell married Mary Jane Bell, daughter of John and Margaret (Dunn) Bell, of this county and of Scotch descent, tracing an ancestry to Robert Bruce of Bannockburn. After their marriage, William and his wife went to housekeeping on the farm, occupying the old log house then standing, the uncle building a new brick residence on his portion of the land, where he with two brothers lived out their lives. William also built a new residence and both of these still stand, some additions having been made to them. There were born to William and Mary Jane (Bell) Caldwell a family of 13 children, namely: John, our subject; Margaret Dunn, who was born in 1844, and died in 1852; William Taggart, who was born July 10, 1846, married Mary E. Price, has nine children, and lives in Wheeling township; Patrick Black, who was born May 12, 1848, married Nancy Armstrong, has five children, and lives in Richland township, near Bannock; Elizabeth Jane, who was born July 26, 1850, married John Clark, has four children and lives in Union township; Robert Bruce, who was born April 26, 1852, married Margaret Snedeker of this county, has two children and lives in Richland township, near East Richland; Mary, who was born January 27, 1855, died of diphtheria, in 1863; Annie Bell, who was born June 27, 1856, married Fred M. Daniel, has seven children, and resides in Richland township, near Bannock and St. Clairsville; an infant, born in 1857, deceased; George Alex, who was born July 13, 1858, lives single on the home farm at Bannock; James Hammond, who was born May 18, 1860, died of diphtheria in 1863; and Sarah Agnes, born March 4, 1864, who lives on the home farm.
Our subject remained at home until 1872 when, on January 24th, he married Euphemia Elizabeth Hays, a daughter of Henderson Hays, of Wheeling township, near Uniontown. After marriage, he moved to his present farm where he has continued to make improvements, erected all the buildings except the barn and has engaged in extensive farming. Mr. Caldwell's land is very valuable, lying as it does, in the coal and oil belt of the State. Since the death of Mrs. Caldwell, in 1894, various members of his family have resided with him. In religious belief, our subject is a Presbyterian, and like his father, active in the work of the church, also like the latter being identified with the Democratic party. For many years he has been township trustee and school director, and in 1890 and again in 1900, he served as land appraiser. Mr. Caldwell is much esteemed in his locality as an upright man, and one who through is public-spirit has assisted in the growth and development of his township. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CARLILE, JOHN, a dealer in lumber and builders' supplies in St. Clairsville, Belmont County, Ohio, and also a general farmer, was born in County Tyrone, Ireland, January 3, 1846. He is a son of James and Elizabeth (Davidson) Carlile.
James Carlile, an aged citizen of St. Clairsville, was born in Ireland, where for many years he was a miller. His mill, which was located on a high hill, was run by wind, and he ground corn, wheat and rye. He came to America in 1853. During the voyage, which lasted seven weeks and three days, a most terrible storm was encountered, which continued for 12 hours. Mr. Carlile landed in New York, where he remained for a brief period, and then went to Wheeling, West Virginia. After a short time, he located in St. Clairsville. There he followed various lines of business, such as teaming, and hauling dry goods and lumber from Wheeling to St. Clairsville, before the time of railroads. He then settled on 13 acres of land near St. Clairsville, where he farmed and reared his family. He married Elizabeth Davidson, and they had two children - John, and Annie, who died in her 26th year. James Carlile is now 92 years old, and is a well-known figure in St. Clairsville.
John Carlile was schooled in St. Clairsville, and after his school days were over he went to Wheeling to learn a trade. He learned the trade of blacksmithing under Samuel J. Ellefritz, and followed that line of work for three years. Later, he worked as a blacksmith for Busby & Little, carriage manufacturers, of Wheeling, West Virginia. He then did blacksmithing in St. Clairsville, under the firm name of Martin & Carlile. This partnership lasted for two years, when Mr. Carlile bought Mr. Martin's interest, and was engaged in the carriage and general blacksmithing business, alone, for 15 years. In 1881, he entered the lumber business, having the only lumber yard in St. Clairsville, and in this he is very successful. In addition to the lumber business, he owns a farm in Richland township, and carries on farming. Mr. Carlile is an excellent business man, is conscientious and energetic, and his success has been due entirely to his own diligence and perseverance.
The subject of this sketch was united in marriage March 7, 1880, to Eugenie Johnston, a native of Belmont County, and a daughter of B.R. and Margaret (Buffington) Johnston. Mr. Carlile and his wife have five children, namely: Walter D., a clerk for the Scott Lumber Company, at Martin's Ferry, Ohio; Annie E., a bookkeeper in her father's office; Mary M., who is at home; James R., who assists his father in the lumber business; and Gertrude, who is in school.
Mr. Carlile and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church. He is a member of the Masonic blue lodge in St. Clairsville. In every way, he is a good and enterprising citizen, and worthy of the respect in which he is held. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, MILES T. -- the popular grocer and jobber in fruits and vegetables, conducts a store in Bellaire at No. 427 37th street, at the corner of Jefferson street. He was born in Columbiana County, Ohio, in September, 1859, and is a son of Jacob and Mary E. (Tiernan) Carnes.
Jacob Carnes was a boy when he moved to Columbiana County with his parents, locating near Wellsville. He followed farming many years, but after his removal to Bridgeport engaged in the grocery business until 1879 or 1880, when he was succeeded in the business by his son. He now resides near Alliance, Ohio. He married Mary E. Tiernan, who was born at Carrollton, Ohio, and died in 1895. To them were born four children, as follows: Miles T., Frank F., who lives near Alliance, Ohio; Mrs. S.P. Wells, who lives near Alliance and with whom her father makes his home, and Mrs. A.C. Branum, of Kirkwood.
Miles T. Carnes was five years old when his parents moved to Wheeling Island, where the soldiers were then camped out, and then went with them to Bridgeport, and from the time he was 11 years of age assisted his father in the grocery store, finally succeeding him in 1879 or 1880. He established himself in business in Bellaire in 1886, and in spite of adversity through fires and lack of capital, he has attained a high degree of success. He branched out in the produce business soon after locating here, oftentimes walking to Wheeling to order goods for early sale in Bellaire. For many years during the season from May 1st to September 1st of each year he has made trips up the river every Monday and Thursday for produce and has done an extensive business. He does not depend upon the local supply, but buys from Wheeling, Marietta, Pittsburg and Cleveland, and has the reputation of having the first and last goods in season. He has a complete line of staple, but particularly of fancy, groceries, carrying nothing but the finest. He is a man of untiring energy and enterprise, and his fellow citizens value him and his efforts at their true worth.
Mr. Carnes was united in marriage with Amelia Oberman of Wheeling and they have eight children, the four oldest having been born at Bridgeport, and the others at Bellaire. They are as follows: Margie, who has conducted the store largely during the absence of her father for the last five years; Mary, who graduated in 1899, was a cadet during 1901 and is now a teacher in the city schools; J. Will, who was born July 22, 1883, is clerk for the Cleveland & Pittsburg R.R. in the freight office and is making marked advancement; Regina, who is attending school and also assists in the work at the store; Elizabeth, Ross, Roy, deceased, and Ralph, also deceased. Mr. Carnes is a Republican in politics and has served as councilman from the Fourth Ward. Fraternally he is a member of Black Prince Lodge, K. of P.; is charter member and was trustee of the Uniform Rank, K. of P.; and a member of the K.O.T.M. of Bridgeport. His wife and children are members of the Presbyterian Church, of which he has served as trustee and treasurer. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

ESQ., a well-known farmer residing in the southwest part of York township, Belmont County, was born in this township in 1846, and is a son of Robert and Sevilla (Gates) Carpenter.
Robert Carpenter, grandfather of our subject, was one of the pioneers of this section of the country and experienced all the hardships of the early days and the excitement of life among hostile Indians. At one time when he was riding a pony, bringing in the stock to the fort, he was waylaid by two Indians, whose purpose was to steal some horses. They shot young Carpenter through the arm, breaking it near the shoulder. He fell from his pony, which broke away. The pony did not again return to the fort until about a year later. The Indians ordered Mr. Carpenter to catch the horses, but he did not succeed, as the animals probably scented the blood from his wounded shoulder, else he would have mounted one and made a dash for liberty. He was made a prisoner and held captive for some time, but finally made his escape by taking off his moccasins and running for life.
Robert Carpenter, father of our subject, came to Belmont County in 1832 from Noble County, Ohio, locating on the farm now occupied by his son Robert. He took up considerable land and at one time owned about 650 acres in Belmont County, and some 500 acres in Indiana. He was largely engaged in sheep raising, and was a very prosperous man. He lived to reach the age of almost 80 years, dying in 1879. His wife, Sevilla Gates, was born in 1800 on Cat's Run in York township, and died in December, 1898. The following children were born to Robert and Sevilla (Gates) Carpenter: Elizabeth, born January 29, 1823; Sevilla, October 24, 1824; Hannah, August 30, 1826; Maria, March 5, 1829; George, January 23, 1831; David, May 11, 1833; Robert (1), April 29, 1835; Albert, October 3, 1837; Robert (2), June 3, 1840; Mary A., May 13, 1843; and Samuel, October 8, 1846. Robert Carpenter, the ninth child, and older brother of our subject, enlisted in Company F, 52nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., serving in the 14th Army Corps with Sherman at Perryville, Tucker's Ford, and Winchester. After serving eight months in that regiment, he re-enlisted in Company C, 170th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., in 1864, in the 100-day service. He married Catherine Koher, who was born and reared in Belmont County and is a daughter of Jacob Koher, and to them were born 10 children, as follows: Maria, Mary, Edward, Jacob, Lottie, Warner W., Arminta, Amos, Ross, and Chalmer F., who died at the age of five months. Robert Carpenter has been a member of Armstrong Post No. 595, G.A.R., for more than 20 years, and belongs to the Grand View Christian Church.
Samuel Carpenter was reared in York township and all his life has resided near his present home, to which he moved in 1892. He owns 240 acres and follows a general farming. He was formerly extensively engaged in sheep raising. February 24, 1872, he married Jemima Pugh, who died in 1884, leaving four children: Ursula S., wife of John F. Fraley, residing on a part of her father's farm; Alice M., wife of Wesley Durrigg, of Washington township; Mertie M.; and Sarah L. Four are deceased, namely: Harriet E.; Arnold W.; Ardella M.; and Irena. Our subject was again married in 1886 to Mary C. Hall, a daughter of Job Hall of Washington township, and they have three children: Stella G.; Omar R.; and Bessie E. Politically, Mr. Carpenter is a Democrat, and has served as justice of the peace and as land appraiser. He was formerly a member of the Farmers' Alliance. Religiously, he and his family are members of the Church of Christ. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CARRELL, William H. :
William H. Carrell, a representative citizen of Somerset, Somerset county, Pennsylvania, was born September 15, 1836, in Bedford township, Bedford county, a son of George and Catherine (Sipes) Carrell. His grandfather, Anthony Carrell, was a native of Ireland, emigrated from his native land, settling in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, in young manhood. George Carrell (father) was born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, a carpenter by trade, and a Republican in politics.
William H. Carrell received a good common school education, and after leaving school learned the carpenter's trade and later the machinist's trade. He then associated himself with Hiram Baker in the conduct of a sand mill, in which he was engaged for twenty years, with the exception of the time he served in the army. In 1861, when the great war of the rebellion was in progress and the call for loyal men was urgent, Mr. Carrell enlisted in Company A, Fifty-fourth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, for three years. After his term of service expired he re-enlisted in the same company for three years, serving until the cessation of hostilities. He received his discharge June 17, 1865.
William H. Carrell was united in marriage July 4, 1867, to Lucy Petrican, daughter of Thomas and Martha (Park) Petrican, and of this union, one child, Harry S., was born. His first wife died in 1868, and Mr. Carrell married for his second wife Minerva J. Baker, daughter of Hiram and Louisa (Hoover) Baker. Hiram Baker was a contractor by trade, and in 1898 engaged in mercantile pursuits in Somerset, continuing in this line until his death, January 28, 1903, since which event Mrs. Carrell has engaged in the conduct of the store, having changed the name to the South Side Grocery company. One child was born of the second marriage, Lucy, October 6, 1889." History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 176

who is postmaster of St. Clairsville, Ohio, and ex-judge of the Probate Court, was born in this city, in the house in which he lives, on April 8, 1834. He is a son of Carroll C. and Eleanor K. (Alword) Carroll, both of whom were natives of Connecticut.
The late Carroll C. Carroll came to St. Clairsville in the early part of the 19th century. By profession he was a lawyer; he won many legal triumphs in Belmont County, and during his younger years was county prosecutor. His death occurred on Christmas morning in 1858, at the age of 52 years. In St. Clairsville the event turned this day of happiness into one of sorrow, not only to his family, but to the entire community, for he was a most worthy, scholarly and estimable man. He was one of the pioneers of Belmont County and assisted very materially in its higher development. His wife, who remarried Rev. John Moffat, of Wheeling, West Virginia, died in St. Louis, Missouri; she was a most devoted member of the Presbyterian Church. Four children were born to them, of whom the eldest is the subject of this sketch. The others were as follows: Clara C., who is the widow of Henry Balcom, and resides in Winona, Minnesota; Eunice, who is the widow of John Crangle, and also resides at Winona; and Joel W., who was born in 1838, and died August 12, 1876 - by profession he was a druggist. In 1863, when troops were called for at the time of the battle of Gettysburg, he enlisted in a Philadelphia regiment. He married Elizabeth Woods, of Bellaire, Ohio, who survives him.
Judge Carroll was afforded excellent educational advantages by his father, who sent him first to Franklin College, at New Athens, Ohio, and later, to Washington College, in Pennsylvania. Answering the call of President Lincoln for 75,000 men, the subject of this sketch first entered Company K, 17th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., organized under the three months' call, and re-enlisted, in September, 1861, in Company E, 15th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., in which he gallantly served for three and a half years. He was then commissioned lieutenant-colonel in the 184th Reg. Ohio Vol. Inf., and served until the close of the war.
Judge Carroll is one of the men who served from the beginning to the end of the Civil War, upholding his country's honor on every occasion at the risk of his life. His first term of service was in the Army of the Ohio, and his second was in the Army of the Cumberland. He participated in the battle of Shiloh and all the battles in which the command took part - such as Stone River, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, and closed with the battles at Franklin and Nashville. He was at one period under constant fire, day and night, for three months. His entrance was as a humble private, but his promotion was rapid. He became second lieutenant in the 17th Ohio Regiment; then first lieutenant, and later, captain, in the 15th Ohio Regiment; and lastly, lieutenant-colonel in the 184th Ohio Regiment. During this long and severe service he was never taken prisoner and received no wounds. His place in march or battle was never vacant on account of sickness, and in fact he was a typical soldier, whose usefulness was proven on many occasions.
Since his years of discretion, Judge Carroll has been interested in the law, and learned its underlying principles with his father. In 1854 he was admitted to practice, and this he resumed on his return from the army. In 1866 he was elected Probate judge, and served for nine years, having been re-elected three times. On December 12, 1899, he was appointed postmaster at St. Clairsville, since which time he has been the popular incumbent of that position.
On May 16, 1860, Judge Carroll was married to Mary B. West, who was a native of Belmont County, and a daughter of the late Dr. Henry West, who for many years was a leading physician of the county. The five children born to this union were as follows: Carlo C., who is employed in the Union Pacific Railroad office at Kansas City, married Carrie Asher, of said city, and has one daughter, Marguerite; Henry W., who is an employee of the Armours at Kansas City, and married Jessie Morton; Clara, who married George W. Dunn, managing editor of the Columbus Citizen, of Columbus, Ohio, and has four children, Carroll, Mary L., John and George; Clinton, who is a locomotive engineer on the Union Pacific Railroad; and Eleanor, who is the wife of Arthur S. Kuder, a commercial traveler, who resides at Columbus, and has one son, Harold B.
In Masonic circles, Judge Carroll has long been a very prominent figure, belonging to the blue lodge, chapter, council and commandery, in each of which he has held high official positions. He is a charter member of the G.A.R., Drummond Post, No. 203, in which he has filled the office of commander. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

is a leading firm of Bellaire, Ohio, in the wholesale and retail line, dealing in grain, hay, feed and seeds, and having commodious quarters at No. 3454 Belmont street. The firm is composed of Robert J. and William H. Carter, who are equally active in the management of the business, which was established in July, 1892. They are practically the only seed dealers in the county, and carry a complete assortment. Their attitude to the trade is cordial and friendly, while they maintain excellent relations with the public generally, their methods as well as the quality of their goods having gained them this satisfactory standing.
In 1900 they erected the present large building, which covers a lot 33 by 120 feet and is three stories in height. Two hands are employed and a number of teams are needed for delivering and hauling. The business has made a very prosperous advance during the years since it was started, and is the largest as well as the most reliable in this locality.
William H. Carter was born in 1853, in Wheeling, (West) Virginia, a son of John Carter, who, with his wife, came from County Meath, Ireland, about 1850, locating first at Wheeling. Robert J. Carter was born in 1864 at Bellaire, where his father, John Carter, was an early brick manufacturer, his plant occupying the present site of the Cleveland, Lorain & Wheeling Railway depot. The one living daughter born to Mr. Carter is Mrs. Annie Carrick, the widow of M.J. Carrick - she resides in Bellaire.
The Carter brothers first engaged in the manufacture of brick, with their father, after they had finished the common school course, and later established and conducted for five years, from 1887 to 1892, the Carter Dairy, disposing of the same upon entering into their present enterprise. Both are yet unmarried and reside in pleasant apartments on the upper floors of their building. In politics they are Democrats, but pay much more attention to the proper and successful conduct of their business than they do to political activity. They were reared in the Roman Catholic Church and are regular in their attendance upon its services. Both are solid, sensible, reliable business men, whose success means just so much more prosperity to their city, as they are interested in all that assists in its growth and development. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CASEBEER, Alexander :
Alexander Casebeer, of Somerset, Pennsylvania, descended through the following ancestry:
(I) Solomon Casebeer, the grandfather of Alexander Casebeer, was a native of Germany. He emigrated to our shore, settling in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, near the close of 1700. There is no other record in possession of his descendants, hence his occupations, general achievements, religion and education can only be conjectured at. It is only known that he died when a young man. He married Elizabeth Emmert, who was of German descent, her people being among the early settlers of Somerset county prior to 1800. Solomon Cassebeer and wife had seven children, four daughters and three sons. The sons were Isaac, Solomon and Joseph. The names of the daughters were: Hannah, who married John Mellinger and moved to Wooster, Ohio, about 1830; she was the mother of nineteen children. Elizabeth married Michael Melllinger, moved to the same place in Ohio and was the mother of two daughters. Sarah married Jacob Sarver and resided at Greensburg, Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania.
a, where he conducted the old stone hotel until his death. She was the mother of four children, two sons and two daughters. One son and one daughter reside in Westmoreland county. Mary married George Hartman, a German, and resided in Somerset county until 1863, when they emigrated to Michigan. They had three children, two sons and one daughter, one son died in the Union army during the civil war. The daughter still resides in Michigan, the wife of a farmer living in Tuscola county, her father and mother having died about 1902. The son with his family live in West Elizabeth, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania.
(II) Solomon Casebeer, son of Solomon Casebeer (I), the American ancestor, was a stone and brick mason and removed from Somerset county to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, with his family early in 1840. There he formed partnership with a man named Coulter, and they became heavy contractors and builders. He married Sarah Baker, a descendant of George Peters Baker, on the river Rhine, Germany. He was very wealthy. He had four sons and one daughter, who emigrated to this country about 1752. One son died soon after arriving here. The family were highly educated. The surviving brothers were surgeons and performed much government work. They possessed large estates in many sections of the United States. Prior to 1800 they were officers in the army, one, colonel Henry Baker, became a merchant and had ship at sea, also owned much land near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he died in 1801. Before his death his lands were leased for ninety-nine years, and the business portion of !
the city today is located on this tract. By will his estate fell to his brothers, Jacob and Peter, and the sister Elizabeth. They resided in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and later moved to Somerset county, where Jacob was killed by the Indians about 1816. Peter emigrated to Ohio. Colonel Henry died single. Jacob Baker was Alexander Casebeer's great-grandfather on the maternal side. Mrs. Sarah (Baker) Casebeer died in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, before the death of her husband, leaving three children, two of whom soon followed her, Alexander being the only remaining child, and his father died when he was about nine years. of age.
(III) Alexander Casebeer, son of Solomon and Sarah (Baker) Casebeer, was born June 11, 1830, in Stoystown, Somerset county, Pennsylvania. His education was necessarily very limited, as his parents both died when he was but a mere lad, and he was thus compelled to make his own way through an untried world; unaided by the council of a father and the love and care of a mother. When but ten years of age he went to live with a farmer in Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, where he remained until eighteen years of age, then returned to friends in Somerset county. In the spring of 1850 he went to Michigan, where he found employment in the big woods at lumbering for five years and more. He then purchased one hundred and sixty acres of government land and cleared up a good farm and made many improvements thereon. He next embarked in the grocery business, but within one year sadness came to his new-made home by the death of his wife. He then sold out and spent the following winter.
r in Canada, that being the winter of 1887-88. In the spring of 1888 he returned to Michigan, spent the summer and the fall there and then returned to his native county - Somerset." ..."Mr. Casebeer has been a Republican ever since that party had an organization, with the single exception of Mr. Cleveland's first term. Aside from local offices, such as school and township offices, he never has aspired to public positions. He has been township clerk, and for four years a notary public. In the agricultural societies he has held positions befitting his qualifications. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company D, Twenty-third Michigan Regiment, for three years, during the great Civil war, but declined each and ever [y] offer of promotion, preferring rather that such promotions should go to his comrade friends. About 1856 Mr. Casebeer united with the Methodist Episcopal church and was for a number of years class leader, steward and Sunday school superintendent. He also held an exhorter's license for several years and became leader of a "praying band," which proved a successful feature of Christian work. For a number of years he was a member of the Knight.
its of Honor, in which order he was treasurer. He is also a member of the Knights of Maccabees, and being one of the deputy supreme commanders, planted the order in Somerset county. He has held the office of record keeper for several years in succession.
Mr. Casebeer married (first) August 26, 1856, Elizabeth Woodward, in Denmark township, Tuscola county, Michigan. She was well educated and by occupation a dressmaker and milliner. She was an English lady and had done much work in her line for the nobility. Her father was James Woodward, a hotelkeeper at Long Sutton Bridge, England, he owning the property in his own right. Mrs. Elizabeth Casebeer died in the autumn of 1876. In the fall of 1889 Mr. Casebeer married (second) Ida Fisher, of Somerset, Somerset county, Pennsylvania. She was the daughter of Samuel Fisher and wife. Her father was a soldier in the Union cause in the Civil war days, in one of the Pennsylvania regiments. He was a native of Somerset county, his ancestry being among the earliest settlers and of German descent. His education was limited. Politically he was a Democrat. By Mr. Casebeer's first marriage were born to him: 1. James, born April 22, 1858, in Denmark township, Tuscola county, Michigan. He obtained a common school education; married Eve David Mersdal, of Indian Fields township, Tuscola county, Michigan. He is now a farmer of the same location. 2. Eliza, born in the same place as her brother, August 22, 1861, married Charles Mercill, a farmer in Tuscola county, Michigan. 3. George A., born in the same place as those named above, May 18, 1865; for several years followed school teaching, but is now a farmer. He married a Miss Patterson, of Michigan. By his second wife, Mr. Casebeer is the father of four children: 4. Perry M., born December 18, 1891. 5. Charles Harrison, born November 18, 1896. 6. Jennie, born November 18, 1900, all in school. 7. Theodore Roosevelt, born November 8, 1903.
In reviewing the career of Mr. Casebeer, the reader must have already observed it to have been indeed a checkered one, even from his earliest boyhood days. He relates how, at the death of his father, an uncle virtually robbed him of two thousand dollars, which then would have been a fortune to him. Again soon after his first marriage, he entrusted a minister of the Gospel to cash a $666 draft, the same person being a postmaster, and for failing to account for this sum paid the penalty in the penitentiary for a term of fifteen years, reduced to eleven years; but even this did not repay Mr. Casebeer. During the man's eventful life, he has traveled much and ever been a keen observer. With graphic description he now relates the wonderful changes wrought out since 1850 in methods of travel and machinery employed to relieve burdens from mankind. He states that in 1850, so slow did the trains move, in passing an apple orchard he saw luscious fruit, and he left the cars and produced a quantity of apples, overtook his train, and that without great exertion. He further relates of his travel by steamboat, canal boats and other early-day means of locomotion, all of which can scarce be comprehended by the present fast-living, swiftly-transported generations. On the farm he has worked with sickle and cradle and lived to see and employ the self-binder and all the kindred machinery., He easily discusses how such an army of rich men have grown up, and now sees where in years gone by he had golden opportunities that slipped by unheeded, all for a lack of real confidence in his own judgment. Yet with all the adverse winds, life's journey to him has not been fraught with shipwreck. He has lived a conscientious life, has reared sons and daughters to honor his good name and he abides in the county of his nativity, with friends, on every hand, who only wish him many years of happiness this side of the dark river."
History of Bedford and Somerset Counties, Pennsylvania" Bedford County by E. Howard Blackburn; Somerset County by William H. Welfley; v.3, Pub. The Lewis Publishing Company, New York/Chicago 1906, pg. 171-175

, NATHAN -- one of the prominent and successful farmers of Somerset township, Belmont County, Ohio, is a native of this township, where he was born in 1850, a son of John and Sarah (Smith) Cater.
The original home of the Cater family was in Maryland, and there John Cater was born in 1808. He died in 1864 at the age of 56 years. He came to Belmont County when a lad with his parents, his father taking up at that time the 80-acre farm on which Joseph N. Cater now resides. John Cater became a prominent and substantial farmer, was trustee of the township and a strong Whig in his political sympathy. His marriage was to Sarah Smith, who was a native of Pennsylvania and who died in 1878 at the age of 70 years. Her parents also moved to Belmont County when she was a child, and she grew to womanhood and married in Belmont County. Our subject's parents were both consistent members of the Methodist Church, and in that faith they reared their nine children, these being: William T., deceased; Elizabeth, deceased; Melissa, the wife of William H. Hobbs; John W. and Eliza, deceased; Charles W., deceased, was a member of the 60th Ohio Vol. Inf., and died at Camp Chase of an attack of measles in 1864; Frances E., the wife of O.P. Barnes, of Somerset township; Nathan, of this sketch, and Joseph N.
Mr. Cater owns a fine farm of 135 acres located in section 18, in Somerset township, which he has operated with great success, carrying on a general line of farming and some stock raising. In politics he is identified with the Democratic party, while he is active both in the Masonic fraternity and in the Knights of Pythias.
In 1879 Mr. Cater was united in marriage with Annette Bishop, who was born in 1850 and is also a native of Ohio. They have one son, Charles W. Both our subject and wife are consistent members of the Methodist Church. They belong to the best class of the citizens of Somerset township and are known for their kind hospitality and sterling qualities. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CECIL, HENRY J., a well-to-do sheet mill roller, of Martin's Ferry, residing at No. 714 Pearl street, is perhaps one of the most popular men of his city. As a public spirited man he takes a keen interest in all local affairs and has made an excellent record among fraternities. He was born in Wheeling, Ohio County, West Virginia, at the corner of 10th and Market streets, December 31, 1864, and is the son of Robert M. and Mary V. (Wade) Cecil.
Robert M. Cecil was born in Virginia in 1820. After reaching manhood he followed farming in his native State with much success for a great many years. Later in life, in 1885, he came to Martin's Ferry, where he lived in retirement with his sons. He died in March, 1888, at the age of 67. During his young manhood Mr. Cecil married Millie J. Manning, and after her death Mary V. Wade. The second Mrs. Cecil is now living in Martin's Ferry. She is an honored and active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. By the first marriage there were seven children, most of whom are now living in Marshall County, West Virginia - George W., Henry M., Vine, Leah, John Mary and Millie. By the second marriage there were six children - Henry J., who is mentioned below; James, a sheet mill roller, of Martin's Ferry; Isaac N., who has a sketch elsewhere in this volume; Robert M., a sheet mill roller; Rebecca, who married Fred Ebberling, and Jeannette, who has never married. The last three reside in Martin's Ferry, the latter with her mother.
Henry J. Cecil procured his education in Rule Schule of West Virginia, exhibiting a decided tendency toward mathematics, at which he afterward became very expert. Accustomed to farm work from his earliest years, as a young man he followed that occupation for some time by himself. At the same time he materially increased his income by getting out timber for the Shriver Coal & Lumber Company. Deciding, however, that he might better his chances in life by removing to a city, he finally moved to Martin's Ferry, where he soon secured a position as heater in the Standard Mill. Taking hold of his work with energy and ability, he made a thorough success of it and remained with that company until the autumn of 1901. Since then he has been engaged in the Laughlin Sheet Mill in this city. His work has always been thorough and proficient and commands for him a good salary.
January 13, 1889, Mr. Cecil married Mary A. Davis, who was born in Martin's Ferry, daughter of W. and Martha Davis, who still resides at Martin's Ferry. Mr. and Mrs. Cecil have had three children - Mabel, who died at the age of one year; Windom D. and Henry J.
Mr. Cecil is a man who has always made the most of his opportunities, and has won for himself a lasting reputation as an advocate of progress and advancement in our industrial system. As a member of the A.A.I.S. & T.W. he is now serving his third term as deputy vice-president of the second district of the order. He has attended four of its annual conventions - at Detroit, Indianapolis, Milwaukee and Wheeling, respectively. As a man of intelligence and force he has served on six conference committees, three of which have been with the American Sheet Steel Association and the other three with the United States Steel Corporation. In conventions he speaks with force and to the point, and is word carries weight. Other lodges with which he affiliates are the K. of P., the F. of A., and the P.H.C. His wife is a prominent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, ISAAC N. -- president of the City Council of Martin's Ferry and a substantial, prominent and representative citizen, was born in Marshall County, West Virginia, July 15, 1867. The parents of Mr. Cecil were Morrison and Mary (Wade) Cecil, the former of whom was born October 10, 1820, in Marshall County, and the latter in Wheeling, (West) Virginia. The occupation of Morrison Cecil was farming, and in 1884 he located in Martin's Ferry and for two years cultivated a part of the J.W. Seward farm. During the period of the Civil War he only participated in the struggle as a civilian. His religious interest was in the Methodist Church, which he liberally supported until his death, which occurred February 21, 1888. His wife survives him, aged about 61 years, and is a valued member of the Methodist Church and a respected and esteemed resident of Martin's Ferry. The first marriage of Morrison Cecil was with Jane Manning, and 13 children were born to this union, six of whom still survive. Nine children were born to the second marriage of Mr. Cecil, the names of those who survived infancy being as follows: Henry T., who is a resident of Martin's Ferry, employed in the sheet mill; James A., who is also employed in the sheet mill; Isaac N., of this sketch; Cora, who died at the age of 14 years; R.M., who is employed in the sheet mill; Rebecca (Mrs. Fred Eberling), of Martin's Ferry; Jeanette, who resides at home, and Hester, who died at the age of 19 months.
Isaac N. Cecil acquired his education in the country schools, and through boyhood assisted on the farm. His independent career began with a clerkship in a store at Marion, West Virginia, where he remained for three years. In 1886 he moved to Martin's Ferry, where he entered the rolling mill connected with the American Sheet Steel Company's Aetna plant, finishing his trade as sheet roller in 1892, since which time he has followed it.
Ever since attaining his majority, Mr. Cecil has been actively interested in politics and has been prominently identified with the Republican party. In 1899 he was elected to the City Council, was re-elected in 1901, and the value of his services was recognized by his election as president of the Council in 1902. Mr. Cecil is an influential member of the various committees and displays commendable zeal in pushing those enterprises which he feels confident will benefit the community.
On December 22, 1889, Mr. Cecil was united in marriage with Mary Davis, a native of Monmouthshire, England, born July 22, 1870, who came with her parents to America when 11 years of age. She was a daughter of Alfred and Charlotte Davis, the former of whom died January 15, 1901, at the age of 63 years. Alfred Davis was a consistent member of the Baptist Church. Mrs. Davis is an honored resident of Aetnaville, and a devoted member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Mrs. Cecil was one of a family of eight children, their names being as follows: Bessie, who married William Davis, died at the age of 32 years; William and Alfred, both employees of the rolling mill, reside at Martin's Ferry; Mary became Mrs. Cecil; Alberta married David Lewis, an employee in the rolling mill; Anna, who married Albert Haines, resides at Homestead, Pennsylvania; Lillie married W.A. Clark, a mill employee, and Augustus, who also is employed in the rolling mill in Martin's Ferry. Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Cecil, four of whom survive, namely: Clyde M., Alma B., Isaac N., Jr., and Alfred D. Little Anna H., born Sept. 10, 1896, died June 26, 1897. Mr. and Mrs. Cecil are members of the Methodist Church.
Fraternally, Mr. Cecil belongs to the Uniform Rank, K. of P.; to the I.O.O.F., and also to the Vigilant Hose Company, extended mention of which organization will be found on another page. Mr. Cecil has in many ways proved himself a useful citizen of Martin's Ferry. He belongs to the optimistic school and is confident that a great future awaits the city. If such be the case, Mr. Cecil will be no small factor in its accomplishment. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CHAPPELL, WILLIAM O. ,one of the younger members of the Belmont County bar, was born in Boston, Belmont County, Ohio, December 8, 1873. He was one in a family of four children of Joseph and Melissa A. (John) Chappell.
Joseph W. Chappell is one of the substantial citizens of Barnesville, where he was long engaged as a merchant and insurance agent. He was born in 1849, and is still a resident of Barnesville, where he and wife are much esteemed.
William O. Chappell attended the public schools, and subsequently pursued a course in the Batesville (Ohio) Normal School. At the age of 18 years he began to put his education to practical use by engaging in teaching, which he continued for two years. Subsequently he went into the insurance business and began the study of law, under the careful tutelage of Attorney George A. Colpitts, of Barnesville. He was admitted to the bar of Belmont County October 14, 1899, and was admitted to practice in the United States courts on October 12, 1900. He immediately entered into practice in Barnesville, in partnership with George A. Colpitts.
On December 22, 1894, Mr. Chappell was united in marriage with Carrie B. Dement, a daughter of Josiah Dement. Two children have been born to their union, namely: Eva H. and Clifford L. The religious connection of the family is with the Christian Church, in which they are prominent and useful. Mr. Chappell is an active Republican in politics, and his present prominence promises more for the future, as Ohio has long supplied some of the best political material the party has had. Fraternally, he is connected with the Knights of Pythias. He is an earnest, able and industrious lawyer, and is thoroughly devoted to his profession. He justly receives a large patronage, and enjoys a wide circle of warm friends. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

who has attained a high degree of success as an attorney-at-law of St. Clairsville, Ohio, was born in that city, November 25, 1826, and is a son of Richard and Jane (Porter) Charlesworth. His father was one of the early business men of St. Clairsville, having come to Belmont County from Baltimore, Maryland, in 1820.
James F. Charlesworth was educated at Granville College, where he completed the course in 1844, and then engaged in business with his father. At the outbreak of the war with Mexico, he and his younger brother, Richard W., left home and enlisted in Company H, First Regiment Mounted Rifles, now the 3rd U.S. Cavalry. They saw active service in Mexico under Gen. Winfield Scott, and Colonel Charlesworth was wounded at Contreras. The colonel of his regiment performed the functions of mayor of the City of Mexico after the entrance of the United States troops, and the regiment was detailed for police duty for a period of nine months, quitting the city after the declaration of peace. Shortly after the war, Mr. Charlesworth returned to St. Clairsville, and entered upon the study of law under the supervision of General Weir. After his admission to the bar, in 1851, he successfully engaged in practice until 1854, when he was elected to the office of auditor of Belmont County, and served as such for a term of two years. In 1857, he became proprietor and editor of the Independent Republican, a paper which he published until the outbreak of the Civil War, when he felt that duty to his country called him to the field. He raised the first three years' company entered on the records of the adjutant general, and of this was commissioned captain, July 12, 1861. His previous military service made him of exceptional value to the country at this time. He was active in the field, and in the fall of 1861 received a slight wound at Alleghany Summit, Virginia. His ability as a soldier and leader attracted the attention of his superior officers, and he was rewarded by promotion as major of his regiment, May 16, 1862. On June 8th, of the same year, he was severely wounded at the battle of Cross Keys, a minnie ball entering the abdomen, and coming out about two inches from the spinal column. On July 30, 1862, he was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel, and on May 18, 1863, resigned because of physical disability, further service being impossible. His resignation received the following indorsement from Brig.-Gen. N.C. McLean, at the headquarters of the First Division, 11th Army Corps, at Brooks Station, May 13, 1863: "Approved and respectfully forwarded to Lieut.-Col. Charlesworth: I approve as I personally know him to be disabled by an honorable wound." Colonel Charlesworth still possesses the ball which passed through his body, and was found where he fell. He also has in his possession the vest then worn by him, showing the direction the ball took. These relics he treasures as mementoes of honorable service.
Upon his return home Colonel Charlesworth entered upon his duties as clerk of Belmont County, to which office he had been elected while in the service. In 1864, he served as colonel of the 1st Regiment, Belmont County Militia. On the expiration of his term as clerk, he was appointed master commissioner of the Court of Common Pleas, and served in that capacity for nine years. During the troubles incident to the construction of the Central Ohio Railroad, now the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, he was appointed and commissioned a captain, to organize the celebrated Washington Guards, which were on duty about four years. He also rendered valuable service to St. Clairsville during the county seat contest with Bellaire, and he and his associates succeeded in having the Legislature make appropriations for the present magnificent county building. He is a Democrat, in politics, and has been an enthusiastic worker for party success. He was a delegate to the convention which nominated James E. Campbell for governor; he has served as vice-president of the Democratic State Central Committee, and as trustee of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Home. His fraternal associations are with Lodge No. 16, F. & A.M.; Chapter No. 17, R.A.M.; and Hope Commandery, No. 26, K.T. He is a prominent member of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was formerly commander of the Belmont County Battalion.
Colonel Charlesworth was married July 4, 1855, to Laura A. Tallman, a daughter of William Tallman, deceased. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

One of the beautiful, historic old residences of Belmont County, Ohio, is located in Pease township, near Blaine, and is owned and occupied by Mrs. Mary E. Clemens, who inherited it from her well-known father, the late Joshua Burley. This residence was probably built by the Patterson family, as early as 1827, and it, with the surrounding farm and the stone mill, came into Mr. Burley's possession from the Ogleby estate in 1867.
The birth of Mrs. Clemens took place in Marshall County, West Virginia, then Virginia, a daughter of Joshua and Catherine (Rosebury) Burley, the former of whom was born in Marshall County, Virginia, in 1814, and died in Pease township, Belmont County, Ohio, in 1883. His father was one of the first sheriffs of Marshall County and Joshua served for a long period as his deputy, and later succeeded to the office, which he held for two terms. Mr. Burley was also a capitalist, and was one of the most substantial men of his township. As noted, he purchased the farm now occupied by his daughter, in March, 1867, and as this property lay in the proposed path of the C., L. & W. Railway, his granting of the right of way proved very profitable to him. The company, with other considerations, gave him an engine for his grist-mill, it formerly having been operated by water power. Mr. Burley did not live long to enjoy his pleasant country home; moving upon it in 1880, he died in 1883. He married Catherine Rosebury, who was born in 1813 in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, and died in 1888. Joshua Burley and wife had four children, namely; Mary E., who became Mrs. Clemens; James L., who lived on the farm and operated the mill for some years, but now resides at Mountain Lake Park, Maryland, a civil engineer by profession; Frank, who is engaged in business at Bridgeport, Ohio, and Sarah, who married Robert Sweeney, an uncle of the present Mayor A.T. Sweeney, of Wheeling. Both of them, with their infant child, are deceased. Mrs. Clemens' brother, James L., is a man of large business interests and is engaged in platting property at Lock Lynn, Maryland, having done the same previously at Mountain Lake Park. When he first went there he lived in a tent, while now it has been made a delightful resort. Mr. Burley's wife died a number of years ago, leaving him six sons, three of whom have since died.
On January 30, 1867, Mary E. Burley was married to Jeremiah Clemens, who was born at Wheeling, and died January 16, 1894, aged 53 years. In politics he was a Republican, and his religious membership was with the Methodist Church. He was a charter member of the Knights of Honor lodge of Wheeling, and for a number of years was its financial reporter. In August, 1868, Mr. and Mrs. Clemens moved to Muscatine, Iowa, where the former opened up a grocery business, but two years later returned to Wheeling, where for 12 years he conducted a prosperous shoe business on the corner of Main and 11th streets. When Mr. Burley bought the farm he sold the business and retired to the country and remained there, caring for his wife's parents until their death. He was a man of most estimable character and numbered among his intimate friends many of the leading men of this locality. The three children born to our subject and husband are: Burley, aged 31 years, engaged in the wholesale liquor business at Moundsville, West Virginia, married Mrs. Charles Weaver, formerly Emma Shoemaker, of Woodsfield, Ohio; Frank B., aged 29 years, engaged in the Laughlin Mill, resides with his mother, and Otie, aged 20 years, married William Britton, and they also reside with Mrs. Clemens and have one child, Jessie Hollingsworth, who was named for Judge Hollingsworth, of Belmont County, this distinguished jurist being a close personal friend of both the child's grandfather and great-grandfather. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CLEMENS, SAMUEL A., who is a leading business man of Bridgeport, Ohio, operating one of the most complete grocery stores in the city, and who is also a most highly esteemed citizen, was born in Belmont County, January 29, 1830, a son of Augustus and Ann (Carnahan) Clemens, both of whom were natives of Pennsylvania.
Augustus Clemens was a ship carpenter by trade and this occupation he followed through life. After locating in Ohio he engaged in the building of boats for the Ohio River trade, many of these being for the transportation of coal. He died in 1852, at Bridgeport, of the cholera, which at that time was epidemic. Many of the people had fled and it was most difficult to procure help to decently dispose of the dead. He consented to prepare one Bloomfield for burial, and two hours later succumbed to the dread malady himself. He was known as a most worthy, kind-hearted man, one who was always ready to extend assistance, and his death was doubly sad on this account and because it left his wife and three children practically without means of livelihood.
The mother of our subject was one of those noble, courageous women whose lives of self-denial and devotion command the reverent attention of all who learn of them. She was born on January 23, 1803, and was a daughter of Robert and Ann Carnahan, who were natives of Ireland. They came to America and settled in youth in the State of Pennsylvania, were married there and reared a family of seven children, among whom were: Thomas, John, Margaret, now Mrs. John Bailey, Mary, Elizabeth, now Mrs. Watkins, and Mrs. Clemens. The latter lived until December 29, 1892, a devout member of the Methodist Church. After the death of her husband she faced the world with three small children, one of these being a babe but eight weeks old, and by her good management, thrift and care, reared them to respectable maturity, receiving no assistance from friends or relatives. Very often in those early years it taxed her heavily to provide for and to educate her little flock, but she managed to do it and is remembered with grateful affection by these children. Our subject was the second member of the family and had two sisters, one of these, Jane, is the wife of Hon. David Wagner of West Wheeling, now retired, formerly an ex-State Senator; the other, Cornelia L., was Mrs. D.B. Kirk, who died in 1892.
Our subject was "the only son of his mother," and she being a widow, he early began his efforts to contribute to the support of the family, entering an establishment to learn the carpet trade as soon as he completed a course in a private school. This trade, however, he never followed, later beginning work in a paper mill on the Wheeling side of the river. There our subject spent 30 years of his life, an expert in the business and was known as a finisher. When Dr. Todd became postmaster of Bridgeport, during the administration of President Grant, he looked about for a reliable man for his assistant and selected for the position Samuel A. Clemens, and three years were passed in that office. After the close of his official life, Mr. Clemens went to work in a planing mill known as Baggs' mill, and remained there over five years, and during that whole period lost but five and one-half days. Here he was engaged in making boxes for use in the glass houses. Changing his business at that time, our subject then bought out the grocery store of James Clark, which was then located on the present site of Dent's drug store. Three months later he purchased the new well-appointed grocery store which he now occupies, and since that time has steadily enlarged and expanded his business until he now leads in the grocery line.
When President Lincoln made his call for 75,000 men in 1861, our subject was one who loyally responded. He gave four years of service to the government, in the quartermaster's department under Col. H.C. Ransom, in West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama. At first Mr. Clemens was engaged as a teamster, at $20 a month, but Colonel Ransom was a very good friend to him and was a classmate of General Grant. The Colonel was glad to have a quiet, industrious, reliable man, with a good record about him, and instead of giving our subject a team he put him at other work requiring ability and when the war closed the latter was drawing and earning a salary of $80 a month. During the campaign in Kentucky he was wagon-master and had charge of the teams of General Granger's command and these teams through all the dangers and disadvantages incident to storms, bad roads and marauding parties, succeeded in getting provisions to the soldiers, a very necessary part of the great game of war.
The marriage of Judge Clemens, for he has long served as a most efficient justice of the peace, being now in his fourth term, took place December 26, 1854, to Catherine Loe, a native of Belmont County. To this marriage these children were born: Ella B., who married Milton B. Morgan, and has two children, Earl and Milton; and Harry A., who is his father's efficient clerk. The mother of these children died February 23, 1862, aged 33 years, while our subject was in the army. She was a devout member of the Methodist Church.
The second marriage of our subject took place on October 15, 1865, to Mary E. Hornage, a native of Belmont County, a daughter of George Hornage. No children of this marriage survive. She was born February 10, 1837, and died February 10, 1899, a good Christian woman, and a consistent member of the Methodist Church. The only members of the family of his wife who still survive are David Loe, of West Wheeling, and Robert Lowe, of Wood County, Ohio. A sister of the second Mrs. Clemens, Margaret A. Hornage, has made her home with our subject for many years.
Mr. Clemens is one of the most enterprising and substantial citizens of Bridgeport. In his official position he has been a great peacemaker, settling many disputes without litigation. He is one of the trustees of the Methodist Church and has filled many positions on its official board. Fraternally, Mr. Clemens is a blue lodge Mason, and politically he supports the Republican party. His long residence has made him familiar to almost every one in Bridgeport, and it is a testimonial to his worth that he is held in such general esteem. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

was born in Maryland, about the year 1791, moving to Ohio with his father's family when a young man. In 1818 he was married to Rachel Howell, by whom he had the following children: Thomas, Elizabeth, wife of George Latham; Catharine, deceased; James A., deceased, and Isaac M., deceased. Isaac was in Company B, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth regiment Ohio volunteer infantry serving with the true devotion of a patriot. In 1845 Mrs. Clevenger died, and some time after Mr. Clevenger espoused Miss Catharine *****. Their one child is Galen S., who is a Baptist minister, now located in South Dakota. Thomas Clevenger, the subject of this sketch, was born in Belmont county, where he obtained a fair education, working on his father's farm during the summer, and attending school in the winter season. When twenty-eight years of age he was married to Miss Isabel Morrison, the ceremony taking place December 25, 1867. Mrs. Clevenger is a daughter of Joseph and Martha (Chambers) Morrison. The former was born in Ohio, about the year 1825, son of Alexander Morrison, an American by birth, but of Scotch descent. Martha Chambers was born in Ohio, daughter of Alexander Chambers, but like her husband, she was of Scotch parentage. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Clevenger: Ora V., born October 11, 1868; Eva L., born October 30, 1872, and Wilfred M., born January 24, 1878. Mr. and Mrs. Clevenger and their two daughters are members of the Nottingham Presbyterian church. Mr. Clevenger has 178 acres of very fine farming land, situated on what is known
as the "Trail Fork, in a very beautiful and fertile valley. He does a general farming business, and besides is a most successful stock-raiser, having some very fine breeds. The family has been prominently Identified with the settlement and growth of Belmont county, and its different members are among the most prominent citizens of the county.
"History of the Upper Ohio Valley" Vol. II, 1890.

, Probate judge for Belmont County, secretary of the Board of Trade of Martin's Ferry, Ohio, a lawyer of prominence and a highly esteemed citizen, is a worthy representative of a family of unusual prominence in the military life of the country, for generations.
Robert Cochran, the father of Judge Cochran, was a direct descendant of Sir Archibald Cochran, the ninth Earl of Dundonald, England, and a son of William Cochran, who was a pioneer settler in Virginia, east of the present city of Wheeling. In company with William Boggs, William Cochran was sent from Fort Van Meter as a scout to ascertain the results of the battle of Fort Henry, and in this adventure was killed and scalped by the Indians, east of Wheeling. William Cochran also was associated with the noted scout and Indian fighter, Louis Wetzel, and accompanied him in many of his famous expeditions. Robert Cochran was a contemporary of Elizabeth Zane, the noted heroine whose tale has been told in song and story, who carried the powder at the battle of Fort Henry when it was attacked by the combined forces of English and Indians, September 13 and 14, 1782. It was be remembered that this was the last battle of the War of the Revolution and was fought after peace was declared, no electric messages then flashing the news of peace almost as soon as it was declared, as would be the case in modern warfare. At this time Robert Cochran was 20 years of age and Elizabeth Zane was 16. Although history does not reveal the existence of any romantic attachment between the brave girl and our subject's ancestor, it is known that they were friends and companions, the family farms adjoining on the hillside back of Martin's Ferry. On the Zane farm, Elizabeth died in 1828, while Robert Cochran lived to within three months of 100 years, his tomb being the oldest one in the old Weeks Cemetery. He was a large landowner, his possessions extending from Bridgeport to Glen's Run, the same being now divided into many good farm homes. His wife was Rebecca Pierce, who was a relative, a cousin in fact, of President Franklin K. Pierce. Her death, at the age of 59 years, was caused by an injury to her throat, accidentally inflicted by the horns of a cow.
Judge Cochran was born in Colerain township, Belmont County, Ohio, September 9, 1841, being a son of Robert and Susanna (Davis) Cochran, both natives of Ohio, the former born in 1813 and the latter in 1814. Robert Cochran, like his father, was a large landowner and was a successful stockraiser. During the Civil War he saw six of his brave sons serving at one time in the Union Army, all of them being under 21 years of age, except the eldest, who had cast his maiden vote for Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Through devotion to a son, Mr. Cochran lost his own life. One son was lying dangerously sick within the Confederate lines and the father hastened to endeavor to secure his release, and contracted typhoid fever, from which he died, in 1863, the sick son recovering and arriving safely at home. The mother survived until 1893, dying at about the age of 80 years. Both parents were devoted in their attachment to the Methodist Church and their home was open to every minister of their religious faith. They were what this modern age, in its desire to express its highest type of Christian living, denominates, sometimes, as "real" people, and exerted an influence in which is still felt by those who came within their acquaintance. A family of 13 children was born to them, two of these dying in infancy. The names of the 11 that grew to maturity are as follows: Robert H.; Lucelia; John S., subject of this sketch; Wilson and Watson, twins; Crowner C.; Anna B.; Cordelia; Fenimore P.; Alfaretta B.; and Sumner F. Robert H., who was judge of the County Court of Ohio County, West Virginia, and one of the prominent men of the State, was born June 25, 1836, and died in Toledo, Ohio, February 22, 1895, aged 59 years. He was a member of General Negley's staff and was provost marshal of that division. He participated in the battle of Stone River and other engagements. After the war, he was at different times supreme dictator of the Knights of Honor, a member of the executive board of the Army of the Cumberland, and made the first annual address of the meeting of the society of the Army of the Cumberland, at Chattanooga, Tennessee. He projected and constructed the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railroad, also the Wheeling Terminal Railway, and he built the bridge spanning the Ohio River at Martin's Ferry. At different times he was president of both of these roads. Lucelia, who married John Brown, was a consistent member of the Methodist Church, and died in 1864, aged 58 years. Both Wilson and Watson belonged to the 52nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., both enlisted twice, both were sick and were discharged, and on recovery both re-enlisted. Wilson removed to Creighton, Cass County, Missouri, where he is a justice of the peace and mayor of the town, while Watson resides in Severance, Doniphan County, Kansas, a successful builder and contractor. Crowner C. enlisted in the Union Army, in 1862 and served through the war as a private, and now resides in Bridgeport, where he is paving contractor. Anna B. married Robert Woods and died when about 40 years of age. Cordelia married Dr. John Major, who is deceased, and she resides in Severance, Kansas. Fenimore P. ran away from home when a little over 13 years of age, enlisted as a drummer boy, was promoted to be orderly at General Wood's headquarters and served until after the close of the war. He now resides at Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, and has been prosecuting attorney of the county for a number of years. Alfraretta B. married William Strain, superintendent of the schools of Brooke County, West Virginia, and is deceased. Sumner F. resides in Martin's Ferry, an employee of the Laughlin Tin Mill.
Our subject had completed his course of study in the Martin's Ferry High School, when the great wave of enthusiasm passed through the loyal North at the call of the President for troops to subdue the rebellion. On July 16, 1861, he enrolled his name as a soldier in Company K, 15th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf. The death of his father recalled him home after a service of little less than one year, during which period he saw no small amount of active service. For a long time he was occupied in settling up the estate and in arranging his late father's affairs and then engaged in teaching while he pursued his law studies under ex-Supreme Court Judge Kennon, Sr., of St. Clairsville. In December, 1863, he was admitted to the bar and began practice at once in St. Clairsville, one year later removing to Sedalia, Missouri, where he became prosecuting attorney of Pettis County and was subsequently elected judge of the Court of Common Pleas. After four years in Missouri, Judge Cochran returned east and entered into a law practice with his brother Robert H., at Wheeling, West Virginia, the partnership of Cochran & Cochran existing until 1880, when Robert H. Cochran was elected president of the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railroad, his removal to Toledo following. Our subject remained in Martin's Ferry as the attorney for that road and later for the Wheeling Terminal Railway, but in 1882 he bought a farm on the hill overlooking Martin's Ferry, near the old ancestral home, and removed thereto, although he still continued his practice in Wheeling. Judge Cochran has a large clientage in Martin's Ferry and the eastern counties of the State, his reputation as a fair and impartial adviser in complicated questions of law, as well as his knowledge and experience of almost every form of litigation, having gained him increasing practice as the years have gone by. At the recent election, occurring November 4, 1902, Judge Cochran was elected Probate judge for Belmont County by a majority of 1,829 votes, leading all candidates on the Republican ticket, whether national, State or county.
On March 22, 1867, Judge Cochran was married to Martha A. Weldin, of St. Clairsville, Ohio, a native of Wheeling, West Virginia, a daughter of Jacob and Alice Weldin, both of whom are deceased. One son was born to this union, Arthur Weldin, who died in infancy. Both Judge Cochran and his wife are valued members of the Presbyterian Church. In politics he is an ardent member of the Republican party, while fraternally he is associated with the Knights of the Maccabees. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CLIPP, LOUIS A. - a prosperous farmer and progressive citizen of Richland township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born in Jefferson County, (West) Virginia, in 1847, and is a son of James W. and Elizabeth Ann Clipp.
James W. Clipp, father of our subject, was engaged in agricultural pursuits throughout his entire life, dying in 1892, at the age of 79 years. He was a Whig before the Civil War and was a strong supporter of the cause of the Union, but since the war was independent in political affairs. His wife, Elizabeth Ann, was born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and died in 1896, at the age of 70 years. Both were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Five children were born to their union, as follows: John R.; Charles W.; Louis A.; Margaret V., wife of George Huffmaster; and Thomas P.
Louis A. Clipp was reared in his native county and lived there until 1875, when he removed to Richland township, Belmont County, Ohio. He later located in Wheeling township, where he resided 12 years. He again returned to Richland township, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits and now resides on his farm of 80 acres two miles north of St. Clairsville. He has always been deeply interested in all that pertains to the welfare and development of his township and county, and is president of the Cadiz & St. Clairsville Pike Company. He is also agent for the Champion Machine Company in his district.
In 1876 Mr. Clipp was united in marriage with Mary Ann Jackson, who was born in Wheeling township in 1849 and is a daughter of William and Annie Jackson. Six children resulted from this union, as follows: Wilbert L.; Annie Viola, a stenographer and bookkeeper at Bellaire; James Blaine, who is with the Belmont Telephone Company; Jessie Edith; Philip R.; and Lizzie Loraine. Fraternally, Mr. Clipp is a Mason, and in politics is a Republican. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Wilbert L. Clipp, the eldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Clipp, was graduated from Delaware College in 1895. On May 22, 1899, he entered the service of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company, being given charge of the car service department at Bellaire, Ohio. On October 1, 1900, he was promoted to be assistant chief clerk to Superintendent of Terminals J.M. Barrett of the Baltimore & Ohio, with headquarters at Wheeling, West Virginia, which position he held until October 14, 1901, on which date he was transferred to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, as stenographer to Car Distributor F.B. Lockhart. On March 1, 1902, he succeeded Mr. Lockhart as car distributor with headquarters at Pittsburg, having control of the entire Pittsburg division of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in which position he has continued.

COLLINS, A.W., who is known through Kirkwood township, Belmont County, as one of its leading farmers and stock raisers, has the distinction of having been born upon the memorable day in 1861 when the Stars and Stripes were fired upon as they floated over Fort Sumter.
The parents of Mr. Collins were John A. and Janetta (Bartow) Collins, both of whom were natives of Ohio. John A. Collins was one of the early victims of the Civil War. In 1861, at the call of his country, he left his farm, his wife and his two little ones and offered his services as a loyal, patriotic citizen, enlisting as a private in Company F, 25th Ohio Vol. Inf., served through 10 months, during which time he took part in several battles, and then was discharged on account of disability, exposure during an attack of measles producing serious results. Mr. Collins lived but a short time after his return home, dying in February, 1862, at the age of 31 years, as truly a sacrifice on the altar of his country as if his end had come at the cannon's mouth. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Collins were: Demetrius, who died when four years of age; a babe, who died in infancy; Austin A., a resident of Flushing township, unmarried; and A.W., of this sketch. The second marriage of Mrs. Collins was to John R. Wilson, a native of Loudoun County, Virginia, who died March 19, 1884, at the age of 84 years. Mrs. Wilson resides at Holloway, Ohio, a most highly esteemed member of the Methodist Church.
A.W. Collins obtained his education in the common schools and Denison University, at Granville, Ohio, where he remained through his sophomore year. Prior to his entrance at college, Mr. Collins was licensed to preach by the Stillwater Baptist Church, in which church he has held membership for 22 years. After returning from the university, Mr. Collins followed a very busy life for three years, working on the railroad and at farming, gaining the esteem and respect of all who knew him, and at the same time accumulating property and in every way fitting himself for good citizenship.
On May 28, 1891, Mr. Collins was united in marriage with Laura D. Groves, a native of this county and a daughter of William J. and Mary R. (Ridgeway) (Sheppard) Groves, the former of whom died August 20, 1902, at the age of 79 years. Mrs. Collins was born August 13, 1868, and has been a lifelong member of the Methodist Church, and is active in missionary and benevolent work. The four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Collins are: Myra B., Ross M., Margaret L. and Henry S.
In politics Mr. Collins is a Republican, and still holds membership with his college fraternity, Sigma Chi. Both he and wife are active and enthusiastic workers in missionary fields, not only read the best of literature, but encourage others to do the same. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COLLINS, JAMES B. : JAMES B. COLLINS, a successful farmer and fine stock-raiser, is an only child of George P. and Minerva (Dunn) Collins. The father was born in Morefield, Harrison Co., Ohio, about the year 1833; having acquired a good education, he was married when twenty years of age. After his marriage he lived on a farm and operated a saw-mill in connection with his farming, continuing this for some time; he then moved with his family to Belmont county, locating at Belmont Ridge. In February, 1865, he offered his services to his country by enlisting in Company H, One Hundred and Eighty-fifth regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, under Capt. Bell; he served until the following September, when he received his honorable discharge. He was one of fourteen children born to George and Eliza C. Collins. His grandmother was born in 1803, and died March 23, 1890. Minerva (Dunn) Collins was a daughter of James and Harriet (Long) Dunn, of Irish descent. Mr. and Mrs. Collins were members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mr. Collins is also a member of Post No. 15, G. A. R. He is a resident of Harrison county, where he is operating a farm with much success, although now well along in years. James H. Collins was born and raised on a farm in Belmont county. He obtained a common school education, and October 3, 1878, took unto himself in marriage Miss Jennie Price, a daughter of John and Agnes (Bethel) Price. John Price was born in Belmont county, and his wife, a daughter of John Bethel, was a native of Harrison county. The union has been blessed by the birth of three children: an infant, born March 24, 1880, died when but a few hours old; Lawrence W., born January 28, 1882, and an infant born January 24, 1890. Mr. Collins is a member of the Sons of Veterans. The farm and stock owned by Mr. Collins are unsurpassed in quality by anything of their kind in the county. "History of the Upper Ohio Valley" Vol. II, 1890.

COLLINS, JUDGE JAMES H., whose name is indissolubly connected with the triumphs of the Belmont County bar, was born in the State of Maryland, but was practically reared in Barnesville. After a happy childhood on his father's farm near Henrysburg, he attended school and in early manhood began to fit himself for the law. His reading was conducted under Hon. John Davenport, and resulted in his admission to practice in 1862, Barnesville being selected by him as his field of action. In 1867 he was appointed attorney for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company and in 1879 was appointed general counsel of all lines of the Baltimore & Ohio, east of the Ohio River, and since that time his major interests have been centered in it. Since 1881 he has been located in Columbus, where he is an authority in his chosen profession. The first marriage of Judge Collins was to Rachel Judkins, and two children were born to this union, Essie B., being the only survivor. The second marriage of Judge Collins was to Harriet F. Davenport, in 1873. Both Judge and Mrs. Collins belong to the Methodist Church. Their winter residence is in Columbus, but they spend their summers at a beautiful home located one mile west of Barnesville. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COLPITTS, GEORGE A. -- a leading attorney of Barnesville, Ohio, and one of its esteemed and representative citizens, was born in Washington, D.C., in 1859, and was one of a family of eight children of Thomas and Mary A. (Thornburn) Colpitts.
Thomas Colpitts was born in England, and there learned the trade of stone carver. He also had the superintendence of extensive building operations, which he continued later in the United States, where he settled in 1857. Until 1859 he resided in Washington, D.C., and then moved to Barnesville, Ohio, where he resided until his death, in 1880. His widow survived him until 1896.
George A. Colpitts entered upon the study of law under the able instructions of W.R. Talbot, and in 1890 was admitted to the bar of Belmont County. He formed a partnership with Mr. Talbot, which continued for four years. During 1898, 1899 and 1900 Mr. Colpitts served the public in the capacity of city solicitor, having been elected by the Republican party, of which he is an active member. His fraternal associations are with the K. of P., the B.P.O.E. and the Masons.
With his two younger sisters Mr. Colpitts occupies a cozy and comfortable residence in Barnesville, where all are most highly esteemed. As a rising man the subject of this sketch is well known, and his interest is pronounced in regard to the promotion of enterprises which promise to benefit the city. He is well qualified as a lawyer and has a large and constantly increasing patronage. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

-- senior member of the firm of Colpitts & Boswell, stonecutters and marble and granite goods manufacturers, of Barnesville, Ohio, has by his energy, faithful work and square dealing, assisted in building up one of the largest and most successful industries of this kind in the Ohio Valley. The statuary and monuments sent out from the establishment cannot be surpassed for excellence of workmanship, and have won for the firm a reputation far and near. Mr. Colpitts' early start in this line undoubtedly helped him greatly in making a success of his business. Born in England in 1851, a son of Thomas and Mary A. (Thornburn) Colpitts, he comes of a family of stonecutters.
Thomas Colpitts was especially proficient in his trade, having followed it almost continuously throughout his mature life. Born in England, he there received careful rearing somewhat beyond the ordinary. Early displaying artistic and mechanical ability, he was placed in a marble-cutter's shop and there learned the trade which he afterward made his life work. Upon reaching manhood he opened a shop of his own and carried on a successful business in his own country for some time. In 1856, however, desiring to better his fortunes, he came to the United States, and after a short residence in the East made his way to Ohio and located at Barnesville in 1859. Here he opened a shop and engaged in the tombstone business. Being an excellent workman, he established a large trade, which he here continued for the rest of his life. He died in 1880. During his early manhood he married Mary A. Thornburn, and they had eight children. Mrs. Colpitts died in 1894.
John Colpitts was but five years old when his parents came to this country and eight years of age when they settled in Barnesville, and he is largely a product of his thriving city. Here he received his early mental training, and in his father's shop, which he entered in his youth, his preparation for the work which he has since so ably and continuously performed. In 1875 the industry with which he is connected was established and as it was in his line upon starting in life for himself, he purchased an interest in the business. The composition of the firm has since changed somewhat, and in 1887 Mr. Colpitts took in as a partner Nathan M. Boswell, with whom he has since continued in partnership. The business is a large one and consists mainly of the manufacture of marble and granite monuments and fine statuary. Most exquisite work is turned out.
In 1888 Mr. Colpitts married Mary M. Bundy, daughter of Nathan Bundy, and they have had one child, Clifford B. The family are all active in religious circle and members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Colpitts is a man whose word carries much weight in his community, and as a Democrat he is especially influential in local politics. He is a member of the I.O.O.F. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

, attorney-at-law, and ex-city solicitor of Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, is a son of James and Jane (McCracken) Cooke, natives of Harrison County, Ohio, and residents of New Athens, of the same county.
James Cooke has followed the occupation of a farmer all his life and is today numbered among the county's well-to-do, substantial citizens, who is known throughout the surrounding county. He has been township trustee for some twelve or fourteen years, he has always been alert in politics, and is a Democrat. He and his family prefer the doctrines of the United Presbyterian Church, of which he is a prominent member and trustee also.
Our subject is the third in a family of five children: W.M., who is a carpenter and contractor at New Athens, Ohio; Agnes M., who is now Mrs. J.B. Patton, of New Athens; George, our subject; Margaret F., still living in the home circle; Rev. Robert Parks, a graduate of Franklin College, Ohio.
George Cooke was educated in the common schools, afterward taking a course in Franklin College, and completing it through the junior year. He read law with George Duncan after this and was finally admitted to the bar in 1894, and began practice in his own name. He has practiced in all the courts of the State and in the Supreme Court and is considered one of the rising young attorneys of the county. In 1899 he was elected city solicitor of Martin's Ferry with a majority of three to one in a locality pronounced Republican, and in the second election in 1900 he carried all the wards of the city, with the exception of one. He has served in the office for three years, showing his fine official capacity. He has been deputy supervisor of elections in Belmont County for four years, and has also been a member of the Republican County Executive Committee, taking a lively interest in politics.
April 30, 1902, Mr. Cooke was united in marriage with Lena F. McKay, a native of Delaware, Ohio, and a daughter of John McKay, now deceased. They are members of the United Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Cooke has been secretary of the congregation for years. In fraternal circles our subject is a member of the K. of P. and has passed through most of the chairs; a member of the Bellaire Lodge of Elks; and also of the A.O.U.W. fraternity. Mr. Cooke is one of the stirring speakers on the Democratic side in county and national campaigns; he is a faithful student, well read, and stands deservedly high in the estimation of all. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COPE, Dr. Isaac G.:
a leading practitioner of Colerain township, was born and raised in Farmington, where he now lives. He was a son of Caleb and Mildred Cope. The Cope family has been connected with the history of Colerain township since the year 1804, at which time George Cope removed to Concord settlement from Frederick county, Va. A member of the Society of Friends and opposed to the institution of slavery, he sought a home in young and free Ohio. He was married in 1790, to Abigail Steer. They had nine children, three of whom were residents of this township, viz.: Joshua, George and Caleb H. Joshua Cope owned a mill near the source of Glenn's run. It was the first and only mill in Concord settlement. His residence was noted for being one of the southern termini of the Under Ground railroad; and in spite of the danger attendant upon such a course, he helped many a forlorn and destitute fugitive on the way to liberty. George Cope, about the year 1829, started a store in the town of Farmington, which was for many years the only store in the place. He was an active member of the Society of Friends, and especially noted for his adherence to principle and unbending rectitude. Caleb H. Cope was born near the town of Mt. Pleasant, Jefferson Co., Ohio, in which town he pursued the study of medicine and commenced practice. In 1834, he removed to the town of Farmington and continued the practice of his profession. He was for more than thirty years the only physician in the township. The doctor was a man of fine natural ability, and although in youth deprived of all advantages of education, except those generally afforded by early settlers, he by his own efforts acquired a good education, and always took an active interest in the educational advancement of the country. Our subject was raised in Colerain township and studied medicine with his father and attended medical college at Nashville, Tenn., and located at his old home where he began the practice of his chosen profession, and has now a large business, and is regarded as a very successful physician. In 1865, he married Elizabeth Dungan, and to this union were born three sons: Herman, Ellis, Isaac G., and seven daughters. Ellis is now studying medicine with his father. The doctor was raised in the Society of Friends, and besides being one of the leading doctors of the county, he is also one of the leading citizens. [History of the Upper Ohio Valley Vol. II, 1890.]

COPE, DR. ISAAC G., whose death occurred August 31, 1898, practiced his profession in Belmont County for nearly 40 years, being located in Colerain township. Early in his career he gained an enviable reputation as a physician, which increased as the years went by. He was loved by his many patients for his manly virtues; he was in truth a "family physician," and the sick in spirit as well as in body confided in him.
Dr. Cope was born in Colerain township February 12, 1840, and was a son of Dr. Caleb Cope, whom the older generation remember as one of the pioneer physicians of Belmont County.
Dr. Caleb Cope was for many years the leading physician in Colerain township, and was noted not only for his great skill in his profession, but also for his public spirit and loyalty to his country. He sent four of his sons to serve in the Civil War and contributed most liberally to its continuance. After a period of illness, he died October 6, 1875, aged about 65 years, sincerely lamented by a large family and by patients distributed all over the township and vicinity. Dr. Caleb Cope's first marriage was to Mildred Fowler, and six sons were born to this union, namely, Dr. Isaac G.; Alexis and Herman, twins; John W.; James H.; and Orlando. Alexis enlisted at the beginning of the Civil War, as a private, for three months, and then became a veteran in the 15th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., coming out of the service with a captain's commission. For a number of years he has been the superintendent of the State University of Ohio, at Columbus. Herman died at the age of six years. John W. served in the Civil War as a member of the 98th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf. He was married at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and died in that city in 1882, at the age of 39 years. James H. resides in Colerain township. Orlando is the superintendent of the Belmont County Infirmary. The mother of these sons died in 1849, and in 1850 Dr. Cope married Julia A. French, and the four children born to this union are the following: Dr. Charles S., who resides in Michigan; Dr. William H., who resides in California; Frederick, who lives near Martin's Ferry; and Mary, who has her home with her brother, William H., in California. For some years she was a successful teacher in the county. The second Mrs. Cope died in 1873. Both she and her husband belonged to the Society of Friends.
Dr. Isaac G. Cope was educated in the common schools of Farmington, Colerain township. He read medicine with his father and was engaged in practice when President Lincoln issued his call for 75,000 troops to quell the rebellion. He enlisted as a private, but on account of his medical knowledge was soon made hospital steward, and later was commissioned surgeon, in 1864. He served about three years and then resigned in order to return home and take up his father's practice, the latter being in failing health. Until his death, he was in constant practice and became still more eminent than his father. He was a valued member of the G.A.R. and was also connected with the Masonic societies of St. Clairsville.
On May 4, 1865, Dr. Isaac G. Cope was united in marriage with Elizabeth C. Dungan, a native of Belmont County and a daughter of B. Ellis and Sarah (Fox) Dungan. Mr. Dungan, who was a prosperous farmer, died March 14, 1883, at the age of 75 years; his wife died April 25, 1889, in her 81st year. Both Mr. and Mrs. Dungan were estimable members of the Society of Friends. They had a family of eight children, as follows: Josiah, who was a clerk in a grocery, died in 1861, at the age of 25 years; Charles is a farmer of this county; William is farming on the old Dungan homestead; Thomas C., who is an attorney and real-estate dealer, lives in Missouri; Mary Anna married Edgar A. Berry, who is farming in Colerain township; Elizabeth C., the wife of our subject; Julia, who married John Lash, a jeweler in Wheeling, resides in a pleasant home on Wheeling Island; Sarah C., who married John Wiley, resides on a farm in Colerain township.
A family of 11 children was born to Dr. Isaac G. Cope and his wife, the record being as follows: Caleb H., who is a farmer of Belmont County, married Anna Hughes and they have three children - Harold D., Esther L. and Bertha; Dr. Ellis C.; Mary Anna; Sarah M. married Edwin Steer and has two children - Ralph C. and Frank; Elizabeth C.; Alice M., who is taking a trained nurse's course in the Allegheny General Hospital; Mabel I.; Edith S. married Hollarn J. Cope and is a teacher in the San Jose (California) public schools - they have one child, Robert; Julia L.; and Isaac G. and Lucille, both students at school.
DR. ELLIS C. COPE, second son of Dr. Isaac G. Cope, was born November 26, 1869, in Colerain township. Inheriting instincts, and spurred on by the eminent examples of his father and grandfather, he decided early in life to adopt the medical profession, and directed his studies to that end. His preparatory reading was pursued under his father and he graduated in 1893, at the Ohio Medical University, at Columbus. After a year of practice as a physician and surgeon in the Protestant Hospital, at Columbus, he began work in this county, locating at Barton. He has been made surgeon at this point for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and for several of the standard insurance companies.
Dr. Ellis C. Cope was married October 30, 1900, to Mercy Pratt, a native of Belmont County, being a daughter of Joseph and Anna Pratt. Mr. Pratt died at the age of 43 years, but Mrs. Pratt still survives and resides near Barton. Dr. Cope stands well both socially and professionally, being a member of the county, State and national medical societies, and being also identified with the leading organizations of a social nature in his community. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COSS, DAVID, a well-known business man at Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, has his place of business at No. 411 Walnut street, and deals extensively in paints, oils, varnishes, dye stuffs, etc. He also buys powder by the car load and sells dynamite in both large and small quantities. He is a native of Martin's Ferry, was born January 7, 1859, and is a son of Harrison and Mary J. (Linn) Coss.
Harrison Coss was very well known and esteemed during his life, and followed the occupation of a brick-layer, taking contracts, etc., and doing work principally on dwellings. He was united in marriage with Mary J. Linn, who is still an honored resident of Martin's Ferry, her home for many years. She was born in 1830 and bore her husband eight children. Her husband was a through-and-through Republican and served as councilman for several years with much satisfaction to all. He departed this life November 6, 1900, on the day on which President McKinley and Vice-President Roosevelt were elected to office. Mrs. Coss has been a life-long member of the M.E. Church, and is a great worker in religious movements. The names of her children are as follows: William H., Rena, David, our subject; Addison, Clara, Delora, Herman, and Frank, who like his father before him is a brick-layer by occupation and makes his home in Martin's Ferry. Herman is a blacksmith in the American Tin Plate Mill at Martin's Ferry; Delora married W.E. Thomas, a worker in the mill and lives in Zanesville, Ohio; William H. and Addison are employed as blacksmiths at the Laughlin Mill in Martin's Ferry - the former has been twice married, having been united with Sallie Chambers, and later with Maggie Sweeney; the latter married Mary Blakemore.
David Coss was educated in the schools of his native city and afterward found a position as clerk in a grocery store where he worked until he had mastered painting, the trade which he subsequently followed for twelve or fifteen years until 1893. At the end of that year he embarked in business as a paint and oil dealer, and by honesty and fair dealing has built up a first rate patronage and trade, and is ranked among the foremost business men of the city.
Mr. Coss has never married. He is a Republican of decided opinions as was his father, and takes much interest in politics. In fraternal circles he is a member of the Knights of Pythias, and has passed through all the chairs; and also affiliates with the Junior Order of United American Mechanics.
From 1896 until 1900, Mr. Coss served with credit as city treasurer, and has gained the confidence and trust of the public by his faithfulness to duty and his prompt and active methods. He is a stockholder in the German Savings Bank. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COSS, JOHN -- a successful farmer and well-known resident of Pease township, Belmont County, Ohio, was born at Shepherdstown, Ohio, in 1821, and is a son of Abram and Margaret (Barkus) Coss.
The father of Abram Coss came from Germany and located in Ohio early in the 19th century, dying here in 1842. He was probably a farmer, as all his sons followed that occupation. He was father of the following children: Abram, Jacob, Benjamin, David, Adam, James and Daniel.
Abram Coss resided in Belmont County during his entire life, dying in Pease township, near the farm of our subject, at the age of 45 years. He married Margaret Barkus, who died at Martinsville, and to them were born the following offspring: William, who is 85 years of age and lives at Maynard; Matthias, who died in 1900; John; Ebenezer, deceased; and Benjamin, who resides in Pease township.
John Coss was reared in Belmont County, where he has always lived. He lived at home until he became of age, and then started out for himself. He purchased his present home from Clark Moore about 1875, the latter having acquired it from Mr. McWilliams. He has about 93 acres in section 25, which he devotes to general farming, it being under the management of his son. In 1893 he built his present home, which is neat and attractive in appearance and comfortable in its arrangement. The old brick house was built by Mr. McWilliams, the brick having been burned on the farm.
Mr. Coss was united in marriage with Isabelle Walters, of Colerain, who died in 1894, having given birth to the following children: Alfred, who resides near Mt. Pleasant and has one child, Roxy; Ella, wife of David McKim; Margaret, wife of George W. Craven, of Dillon, Ohio; Robert, who resides with his father; George; John, who manages his father's farm; Annie, wife of Fred Coss, of Martinsville; Rachel, wife of Elmer Lawrence, of Steubenville; and Elizabeth, wife of George Cunningham, living in Illinois. Politically, Mr. Coss is a Democrat. Religiously he is a member of the M.E. Church and attends services at Martinsville. [Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

COWEN, David
, a farmer of Colerain township, was born in Pennsylvania, 1847, and removed to Wood county, W. Va., when six years of age, with his
parents, where he remained till 1865, when the family removed to Ohio, settling in Belmont county. He was a son of Robert and Margaret (Bowels) Cowan. The parents were natives of Pennsylvania. Robert Cowan's father was an early settler of Pennsylvania, where he remained till his death. He was of Scotch-Irish descent, and when he crossed the mountains he carried all his possessions in a red cotton handkerchief. He settled in a new country, but by hard work and close economy he made a great deal of money and died quite wealthy. He lived to the good old age of eighty-nine years. Our subject's father died when he was only three years of age. He received a good common school education through his own exertions. At the age of thirteen years he began life for himself. In 1872 he was married to Aggie R. DuBois, who died in 1870, and to this union was born one child, John A. In 1882 he married Catherine Warner. Their marriage has been blessed with four children: Jesse, Albertha, Carrie and Blanche. He and wife are members of the Presbyterian church. In 1882 he was elected trustee of Colerain township, and has served in all seven years, and acquitted himself with credit to himself and constituents. He began in life without anything but now owns seventy acres where he lives, and a two-thirds interest in 129 acres with his brother. He is one of the leading citizens of the township and is well respected.
"History of the Upper Ohio Valley" Vol. II, 1890.

FRANK M. COWEN is a son of one of the most distinguished lawyers who has ever practiced at the Belmont county bar. Judge D. D. T. Cowen, his father, was a son of Benjamin Sprague Cowen, a noted jurist and statesman, of the same county. Judge Cowen's father and mother were natives of Washington county, N. Y., whence they removed to Ohio in 1825, settling in Harrison county, where Judge Cowen was born January 20, 1826. A few years later his family removed to St. Clairsville, Ohio, where his early education was
acquired in the public school and at Brooks institute, of that place, his father being one of the founders of the latter institution. His classical training was received under the tutelage of Doctor McBane, of Cadiz, Ohio; later he studied medicine and surgery with his uncle, Dr. Sylvanus Wood, of Cadiz, and Dr. John Alexander, of St. Clairsville. He did not study medicine with the intention of practicing it, however, but with the idea of gaining a broader and more comprehensive education, and as preparatory to the practice of law. His chosen profession was the law, and under the wise guidance of his eminent father, and his father's partner, Hugh J. Jewett, afterward president of the Erie railroad, he was fitted for the bar, being admitted to the bar by the supreme court of Ohio, January 20, 1847. After his admission to the legal ranks, Judge Cowen began to practice at St. Clairsville, and soon attained a high standing at the bar of Belmont county, which, since its organization, has been in high repute on account of the great number of exceptionably able men who have practiced there. Notable among which are such men as William Kennon, Sr.; William Kennon, Jr.; John M. Goode now, Ex-Governor Wilson Shannon, W. B. Hubbard, Carlo C. Carrol, Benjamin S. Cowen, Hugh J. Jewett, and many others of marked ability. In time Judge Cowen came to be the recognized leader of this association of leaders, and practiced in all of the courts of that section and in the supreme court of Ohio. Soon after the commencement of hostilities between the North and South he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the Fifty-second regiment of Ohio volunteer infantry, of which Daniel McCook was colonel. That officer being assigned to the command of a brigade, the command of the regiment devolved upon Colonel Cowen. He participated in all of the engagements in which his regiment was involved, until the sad news of his wife's failing health forced him to resign his commission and return to her to whom he owed his first allegiance. Tendering his resignation he was honorably discharged in February, 1863. On his return home he was made chairman of the military committee of Belmont county, of which Judge William Kennon, Judge Kelley and Benjamin S. Cowen were members. Mr. Cowen was the prosecuting attorney of Belmont county from 1852 to 1858, he also served as clerk and mayor of St. Clairsville, and was a member of the board of education and the board of school examiners from 1854 to 1862, at which time he resigned to enter the army. Judge John Okey resigning as common pleas judge, Colonel Cowen was made his successor, serving the remainder of the term. Judge Cowen's superior abilities were recognized by his selection as a delegate to the constitutional convention of 1873, receiving a majority of 2,300 votes in a county about evenly divided politically. Judge Cowen was twice married, his first wife being Hannah Frances Martin, and his second espousal being to Anna Martin, her sister. He was the father of twelve children. From its organization he was the president of the First National bank of St. Clairsville. April, 1884, this distinguished man passed away to his eternal rest, his death causing a sorely felt vacancy in the county. Frank M. Cowen was born February 4, 1855, in Belmont county, and his boyhood days were passed in St.Clairsville, where he attended the common schools until he was fourteen years of age, at which time he went to live with an uncle, Gen. B. R. Cowen, of Cincinnati, Ohio. That gentleman receiving the appointment of assistant secretary of the interior, Mr. Cowen was given a first-class clerkship in the, Pension bureau, at Washington city, which office he filled acceptably until he resigned for the purpose of attending college. He entered the Ohio Wesleyan university at Delaware, Ohio. After leaving college, Mr. Cowen returned to St.Clairsville, and on the completion of the study of law, and his admission to the bar, entered into a partnership with his father. He remained there until the opening of the Flushing bank in 1884; he then removed to Flushing with his family, haying accepted the position of cashier of that institution. He was united in marriage to Miss Kate Meyer, daughter of Henry and Katherine Meyer. Their marriage has been crowned by the birth of one child, a bright little girl, who was born May 30, 1881.
Mr. and Mrs. Cowen are both members of the Methodist Episcopal church of Flushing. Mr. Cowen is a member of the town council, president of the Gallagher tool manufacturing company, and secretary of the Building and Loan association of Flushing, and in those as well as in his position of cashier of the bank, he holds the confidence and esteem of the community at large, being a financier of much ability. This building and loan association, organized by the efforts of Mr. Cowen and other gentlemen in the spring of '88, by limiting its dividends to a low rate, and by a system of rebating excessive earnings to its borrowers originated by Mr. Cowen, certainly is one of the most liberal and equitable institutions of that character in the state, and its beneficial results are already felt and appreciated in that community. While living at St. Clairsville, he was town clerk and secretary of their building association, and he was also honored by his associates with the position of captain of the St. Clairsville Light Guards, which company in a competitive drill at Marietta, in the summer 1878, received the second prize for proficiency in drill; their captain afterward received a letter from the late lamented General Cooke, of the United States army, a judge at that drill, congratulating him and his command for their admirable discipline and exhibition, and speaking in high terms of the Ohio National Guard in general.  
History of the Upper Ohio Valley Vol. II, 1890.

COWEN, W.W., The subject of this sketch is not only a prominent member of the legal profession and a leading citizen of St. Clairsville, Ohio, but he bears a name which for many years has been distinguished in Belmont County. The names of Tallman, Carroll, Danford and Cowen have shed luster upon the bar of this county. W.W. Cowen is successfully treading in the footsteps of his honored father.
The birth of Mr. Cowen occurred in St. Clairsville, April 1, 1868. He is a son of Judge D.D.T. Cowen, of Harrison County, Ohio, and Anna E. Martin, his wife, who was born near Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Judge Cowen was for many years so conspicuous a figure in the annals of Belmont County, that the biographer quotes concerning his life and services from a high authority concerning the public men of the Upper Ohio Valley:
"Judge D.D.T. Cowen was one of the most distinguished lawyers who practiced at the Belmont County bar. His father, Benjamin Sprague Cowen, was a noted jurist and statesman, and both he and his wife were natives of Washington County, New York, whence they moved, in 1825, to Harrison County, Ohio, where Judge Cowen was born January 20, 1826. A few years later the family moved to St. Clairsville, Ohio, where the Judge attended the public schools and Brooks' Institute, his father being one of the founders of that institution. His classical education was received under the tutelage of Dr. McBane, of Cadiz, Ohio, and later he studied medicine and surgery under his uncle, Dr. Sylvanus Wood, of Cadiz, and Dr. Alexander, of St. Clairsville. His study of medicine was only to get a broader and more comprehensive education, preparatory to the practice of law, for that was his chosen profession. Under the wise guidance of his eminent father and his father's partner, Hugh J. Jewett, later president of the Erie Railroad, he was fitted for the bar and was admitted on January 20, 1847. Soon afterward he began practice in Belmont County and attained a high standing in this county, whose bar has been adorned with the talents of an exceptionally large number of able men. In time Judge Cowen came to be the recognized leader of this association of leaders, and practiced in all the courts of his section and in the Supreme Court of Ohio. Soon after the commencement of hostilities between the North and the South he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 52nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., of which Daniel McCook was colonel. Later, when that officer was assigned to the command of a brigade, the command of the regiment devolved upon Colonel Cowen, and he participated in all the engagements in which his command took part, until the sad news of his wife's failing health forced him to resign his commission and return to her to whom he owed his first allegiance. Tendering his resignation, he was honorably discharged in February, 1863. On his return home, he was made chairman of the military committee of Belmont County, of which Judge Kennon, Judge Kelley and Benjamin S. Cowen were members. Judge Cowen served as prosecuting attorney of this county from 1852 to 1858. He also served as mayor and clerk of St. Clairsville, at other times, and was a member of the boards of Education and School Examiners, from 1854 to 1862, at which time he resigned in order to enter the army. On the resignation of Judge John Okey as Common Pleas judge, Colonel Cowen was made his successor, and served the remainder of the former's term. Judge Cowen's superior ability was recognized by his election as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1873, by a majority of over 2,300 votes, in a county about evenly divided politically. From its organization he was president of the First National Bank of St. Clairsville. In April, 1884, this distinguished man passed away to his eternal rest, his death causing a sorely felt vacancy in the county."
Judge Cowen was twice married, first to Frances Martin, who died in 1863, and second, to her sister, Anna E. Martin; they were daughters of Tazwell P. and Nancy E. Martin. The death of the second Mrs. Cowen took place in March, 1901. The children born to Judge Cowen's first marriage were as follows: Pressley, deceased; Walter S., a resident of St. Clairsville; Frank M., cashier of a bank at Flushing, Ohio; Duane, an insurance agent at Bellaire; Martin, a resident of Bellaire; and Flora May, now Mrs. James Williams, residing near East Richland, Ohio. The children of the second marriage were - Warren W., the subject of this biography; and Eleanor, now Mrs. Miskimmins, of St. Clairsville.
The primary education of Warren W. Cowen was obtained in the public schools at St. Clairsville, and this was followed by a course at Washington and Jefferson College, in Pennsylvania. Under the discipline of the well-known firm of Nichols & Pollock, of St. Clairsville, he prepared for the bar, and was admitted to practice in 1895. For four years he served as deputy-sheriff, under Sheriff Darby, who is now warden of the Ohio State Penitentiary. Since the fall of 1899 Mr. Cowen has enjoyed a large practice, independent of any partnership, and his ability has been recognized in many quarters.
On February 21, 1890, the subject of this sketch was united in marriage with Estella Kirk, a native of Belmont County, and a daughter of Cyrus and Catherine Kirk. Her father died in 1892, and her mother is one of the esteemed and honored residents of Kirkwood township. The three children born to this union are - Elsie Armstrong; Stella Beatrice; and Martin Lindsey. Mr. Cowen, with his family, belongs to the Methodist Church, in which he is a member of the official body, and to which he contributes liberal support. He is recognized as one of the rising young attorneys of Belmont County, is energetic and enterprising, and takes a justifiable pride in the record of his eminent father and grandfather. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CROSSLAND, JOHN F., member of the firm of J.F. Crossland & Company, dealers in pure drugs, medicines, stationery, wall paper, toilet articles, fancy goods and sundries, at St. Clairsville, Ohio, is one of the enterprising business men of this city.
The birth of Mr. Crossland took place in Washington County, Pennsylvania, on January 3, 1862, and he is the only surviving child of George W. and Mary Crossland, the latter of whom died in 1863 when but 21 years of age. George W. Crossland has been an agriculturist all his life, formerly in Pennsylvania and later near Belmont, in this county, to which he came in 1868 and where he still owns valuable farming lands. His home is now in St. Clairsville, and in March, 1902, he passed his 80th birthday. He has held many offices of responsibility, and is a leading member of the Presbyterian Church. His second marriage was to Mary Carter, and the two surviving children of this union are James D., who is a druggist and resides in St. Clairsville, and Nettie, who is the wife of Clark Daniels, also a resident of this city.
John F. Crossland of this sketch was educated in the common schools of Belmont and acquired his pharmaceutical education in the very practical way of handling and dispensing drugs while he studied their properties, and to such good effect that he passed the rather severe examination of the State Board of Pharmacy in the class of 1884, holding a certificate to that effect. After his school days he entered the store of J. McCaffrey in Belmont and later was for five years in a clerical position with J.B. Hoge at St. Clairsville, and during this time mastered the mysteries of pills and potions. In 1885 he opened a drug store in St. Clairsville with an entirely new and most attractive stock, and his business has been a prosperous one from the start. In 1892 the original firm was dissolved and a new store secured, the firm name of J.F. Crossland & Company being continued, but this store was destroyed by fire, January 26, 1899. Three days later business was resumed and the building of the present commodious structure was commenced. The store room occupied by this drug firm is 18 by 72 feet in dimensions, with a basement where facilities are found for storage, and modern methods are made use of to expedite business and exhibit stock. The latter is of so varied a nature and of so large an amount that the business done is almost that of a department store, having nearly doubled in quantity from that done prior to the fire. A business that amounts to from $10,000 to $12,000 annually in a city the size of St. Clairsville must be regarded as flourishing and its prospects encouraging.
This modern store makes a specialty of the careful compounding of prescriptions, of fresh, new drugs. Mrs. J.F. Crossland and Miss Anna W. McBride deserve honorable mention for their long and efficient service in our subject's employ.
Mr. Crossland was married on June 27, 1888, to Minnie Harrison, of Bethesda, Belmont County, a daughter of William H. and Mary Harrison, of that place. The four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Crossland are the following: Clare L.; Marguerite and Marie, twins, and John F., Jr., who died in 1902, aged 11 months. Both our subject and wife belong to the Methodist Church, in which Mr. Crossland is a steward. The only secret organization with which he has ever connected himself is the Modern Woodmen of America. His business success must be credited in a great measure to his untiring efforts to please the public, this being as laudable in business as in private life. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CROWL , JAMES P., There is probably not a more reliable employee in the Mann foundry, or one who has been in that establishment longer than the foreman, Mr. Crowl, who resides at No. 302 Third street, Martin's Ferry. For nearly fifty years he has been engaged in this manufactory, and his fidelity to his work has won for him the unbounded confidence of not only the proprietor but also of the workmen. Born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, October 17, 1834, he is a son of Finley and Elizabeth J. (Greer) Crowl.
Finley Crowl was a man of great integrity and of much intellectual and physical strength. Upon reaching manhood he settled upon a farm in Pennsylvania, where he followed agriculture for the rest of his life. Not content with ordinary methods, he brought both science and skill to bear upon his work, and won for himself an excellent reputation among agriculturists. He made a specialty of grain, and was thought to raise the best of any one in the county. Having passed a long and useful life, he died at the advanced age of 86. During his young manhood he married Elizabeth J. Greer, a noble, refined woman, who proved a wonderful help and encouragement to him in all his undertakings in life. She died in 1849 at the age of 45 years, 11 months and 17 days. To Mr. and Mrs. Crowl were born nine children - Alexander, a well-known farmer of Chester County, Pennsylvania; Margaret E., who married E. Bye and resides on a farm in Chester County; James P., who is mentioned below; John, who died some time ago in Fargo, North Dakota; Amos, who is engaged in business in Dickinson, North Dakota; Elizabeth, who married Ralph Greer and resides in Chester County, where he is engaged in the pottery business; Anna S., the wife of Townsend Pue, a farmer of Chester County, Pennsylvania; Mary J., who died at the age of five years; and William, who keeps a hotel in Wilmington, Delaware. Mr. Crowl was an influential member of the Presbyterian Church.
James P. Crowl was reared in Pennsylvania, and in the common schools of his State, procured his education. He was early trained to farm work, and as a youth worked at this occupation until he was 18 years old. He then, in 1852, came to Martin's Ferry and secured a position in the foundry, in which he has since been engaged. At first he worked at molding, and, exercising both care and skill in his work, was soon promoted to a higher position. Since then he has been regularly advanced whenever opportunity occurred until eight years ago, he was made foreman. This position he has occupied ever since, exhibiting tact in the management of the men and an admirable comprehension of the work. He has under him about 25 men, the entire force in the foundry, and the work which he overlooks includes the making of all kinds of iron goods.
November 3, 1861, Mr. Crowl married Anna Lawrence, who was born in Harrison County, Ohio. By this marriage there have been five children - Herbert Lawrence, who was born November 15, 1862, died April 10, 1878; William W., a glass decorator; Frank, born November 3, 1866, died November 23, 1882; Nellie, born May 15, 1868, died December 26, 1868; and Alma Edna, who married John M. Turner and has one child, Will Lawrence.
Mr. Crowl is both popular and influential in his city. In politics he has always taken a large interest, and is an unwavering Republican. Both he and his family are members of the United Presbyterian Church and he is serving as deacon. In the I.O.O.F. of which he is a member he occupies a high position, having passed all the chairs of that order.
John Lawrence, father of Mrs. Crowl, was born in Pennsylvania, in August, 1795. Having procured a thorough education, and being a man of scholarly tastes, in the early period of his mature life he engaged in teaching and won for himself considerable distinction in the profession. Later he learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed for some years, and finally he settled on a farm and engaged in agriculture. He lived to the advanced age of 80, dying in April, 1876. During his early manhood he married Elizabeth Kerr, who was born in Pennsylvania, and they had seven children - Susan, who married Alexander G. Holliday, died in her 63rd year in Nebraska, where her husband also died. Margaret married C.H. Turner, who served in the Civil War for three years. Both she and her husband died in Illinois, she at the age of 68. William resides in Ottawa, Franklin County, Kansas. James and Lavina died young. Anna is mentioned above. Elizabeth is now the widow of William H. Bendle, who served for three years in the Civil War. Mr. Lawrence and all his family joined the United Presbyterian Church, of which he was an elder and liberal supporter. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CROZIER , GEORGE - Among the well-known and highly respected farmer citizens of Mead township, George Crozier is prominent, as one who has acquired a competency through his own industry, and who has identified himself with the measures which have tended to the prosperity and advancement of the interests of this community. Mr. Crozier owns and resides upon the farm on which he was born, February 7, 1830, a son of James and Christina (Armstrong) Crozier, the latter of whom died when he was but a child of six years.
James Crozier was born in County Armagh, Ireland, and accompanied his father to America at the age of 16 years. They located first in Carroll County, Ohio, later came to Belmont, and, in 1825, James Crozier married Christina Armstrong. The farm, which Grandfather George Crozier bought in Mead township, descended to his son, James, and later to our subject, who bought the interests of the other heirs, becoming thus heavily in debt before he was 21 years of age.
In 1851 our subject was married to Margaret Boyd, daughter of William Boyd, of Richland township, and a large and most estimable family has been born to them, as follows: James, who is unmarried, is engaged in a mining business in Colorado; Jemima Jane, who married Thomas J. Watt, a farmer of Smith township, has two children, William and Martha; William Boyd, who was drowned at the age of 22 years, at Cedar Creek, Illinois; Robert L., who has recently married, resides in California, having engaged in mining in the Cripple Creek district in Colorado; Emma Catherine, who is the wife of Albert McKelvey; A.M.F., who is a practicing physician in Hocking County, in the mining district, graduated from the medical department of the State University at Columbus, six years ago; Margaret Ann, who is the wife of Perry B. Myers of Pultney township, and has one son, George; Joseph Presley, who married Jennie Eddington, of Bellville, Ohio, resides on the home farm, and has two sons, George Eddington and Stanley; Nenna B., who married Samuel Kirkland, resides near her father; Mary Luella, who married Ellis Myers, resides in York township; Samuel Bruce, who is a dental student at Columbus; and a daughter, who died in infancy.
When the call came in 1864 for 100-day recruits to repel the invaders from the State, Mr. Crozier was one to respond, although he left a wife and six little children to do so. He was a member of Company C, 170th Reg., Ohio National Guard, the regiment being in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps. Soon after enlistment he was made sergeant of his company. His duty was mainly confined to guard and garrison, although he took part in the troubles at Harper's Ferry and at Snicker's Ford, on July 24, 1864, when his regiment lost 135 men. He returned home in September, 1864, and resumed his ordinary occupations. When Mr. Crozier started out in life he owned, or rather was in debt for, 118 acres, which has been increased to 325 acres, all his own property. In the autumn of 1901 he retired from its active management. At this time he and his estimable wife celebrated their golden wedding, all of the children being present, except one. It is the pleasant custom of this united family to have an annual reunion on the home farm, north of Businessburg. He belongs to the United Presbyterian Church of Belmont. In political belief he is a staunch Republican, and was a member of the Farmers' Alliance. Few men in Mead township are more highly regarded or considered more thoroughly representative. [Source: "Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CUNARD, JOHN L.- a worthy representative of one of the old families of Belmont County, Ohio, and a prominent farmer of Union township, owning two fine farms of 93 and 50 acres, in section 11, and another large cultivated tract of 150 acres, in section 10, was born in Union township, November 15, 1874.
Smith Cunard, the father of John L., was born November 15, 1839, in Union township, and died January 10, 1902, in the same township, in which he passed his whole life, a farmer by vocation, and a large land owner, possessing 520 acres in the township. He was interested in sheep raising and made it very profitable. He was a man of estimable character, highly regarded in his community and was very frequently called upon to settle estates and hold township offices, being one of the truly reliable, solid citizens to whom a community looks for assistance in times of adversity or anxiety. At the age of 22 years he married Christina Gosset, daughter of William and Elizabeth Gosset, the former of whom lived to attain the age of 97 years and the latter, the age of 80 years. Mrs. Smith Cunard died August 12, 1902.
Marion Lee Cunard, the grandfather of John L., came to Ohio from Loudoun County, Virginia, about 1836 and settled first in Richland township, Belmont County, where he remained until 1846, and then removed to section 4, when he lived for 12 years, removing then to section 5, where he purchased 160 acres of land and lived upon it until his death, which occurred in 1868, at the age of 52 years. His parents were Edward and Adah (Thatcher) Cunard, both of whom died in Loudoun County where Edward Cunard was a slaveholder - his widow eventually freed her slaves. Edward Cunard died a young man, but his widow survived him, living to be 80 years old. The children of Edward Cunard were: Marion L., Steven T., Luther C., Sarah Ann (Mrs. Thomas Stone), Nancy C. (Mrs. Smith Marks), Mary P., unmarried, and Maria (Mrs. Craven Copeland), all of whom are deceased. Marion Lee Cunard married Permelia Nichols, who was born December 7, 1817, and died March 18, 1844. She had nine brothers and sisters, as follows: Maria (Mrs. James Gardner), deceased; Nancy (Mrs. William Norris); Jonah, who first married Nancy Hoge and second, Jerusha France; Balaam, who married Abigail Hatcher; Sarah (Mrs. Caldwell Dunn); Samuel, who married Sarah Dillon; Elizabeth (Mrs. Andrew Richey); Alfred, a resident of Mercer County, Ohio, who married Eliza Hoover, now deceased; and Daniel, who married Adaline Brock, and resides near Mount Hope school house. Other members of our subject's family are: John, an uncle, residing in Wheeling township, Belmont County, who married first Lettie Spencer and second, Katie Neihart; and an aunt, Mrs. Ada A. Ferguson, born April 10, 1844, who was educated in the common schools and was married to Joseph W. Ferguson, July 19, 1879.
John L. Cunard was one of a family of five children born to his parents, three of whom died in early life. He was the fourth in order of birth, his surviving sister being Elizabeth Piersel, the wife of William Piersel, of Union township. This sister has one child, Mary Christina. Mr. Cunard and his sister have a claim of 150 acres of land in Union township, which is in the possession of Sadie Rankin, who has a life claim on it, she having been a member of the family since her seventh year.
Mr. Cunard was educated in the common schools of his township, and has followed farming and stock raising all his life, making a specialty of grain crops. On November 15, 1899, he married Ella Ida Walker, a native of Belmont County, and a daughter of William and Matilda Walker of this county. Mrs. Cunard was the seventh in a family of nine children born to her parents, the others being as follows: George, a resident of Bridgeport; Margaret (Mrs. William Taylor), a resident of this county; Nancy, deceased; Orville, at home; Amy; James; Frank; and Clyde and Nellie, twins. One son, Walker Smith, was born to our subject and wife, on August 25, 1901. Mrs. Cunard is a consistent member of the United Presbyterian Church and is much valued socially. Mr. Cunard belongs to no secret societies, and votes with the Republican party, although in no sense a politician. He is one of the best known and most highly respected young farmers of the county and bids fair to become one of its most prominent farmers. ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

CUNNINGHAM FAMILY. One of the pioneers of Belmont County was John Cunningham, who was born of Scotch-Irish parentage, in March, 1771, in Berkeley County, Virginia. He, with his brother Hugh, were members of the militia sent out under General Lee to quell the "Whiskey Insurrection" in Pennsylvania. Both of these brothers were among the first persons who ever drove wagons over the Allegheny Mountains. Mr. Cunningham and his wife, Hannah (Robinson) Cunningham, came to Belmont County in 1805 and settled near Bellaire on what is now known as the Rhodes farm. He built of logs the present house occupying the knoll opposite to the Klee farm. This house was subsequently weatherboarded and it is still in a good state of preservation after the lapse of almost a century. Mr. Cunningham and his wife were ardent advocates of temperance. Indeed, so strong were Mr. Cunningham's temperance principles that he has been called the "father of temperance" in the community. Mrs. Cunningham was much interested in foreign mission work, then in its infancy. Her prayers for the cause were answered by the calling of two granddaughters, Mrs. Margaret Capp and Mrs. C.W. Mateer, and a great-granddaughter, Mrs. Margaret Wells, to the mission work in China.
Mr. Cunningham was ordained as one of the two first elders of the Rock Hill Presbyterian Church, and near this church he lies in his last sleep. Mrs. Cunningham died in 1859, being the last of the original members of Rock Hill Church. Their family consisted of six sons and six daughters, and there were 53 grandsons and 37 granddaughters.
The sons were: Israel, James, Hugh, John, Samuel and George. The daughters were: Abigail, who married John Mooney; Hannah, who married Robert Brown; Sarah, who married William Rankin; Rebecca, who married John Faris; Julia, who married George Milligan, and Agnes, who died in early girlhood. Of the sons, two were life-long residents of Belmont County. These were George, who married Mary Harris, and Samuel, who married Eliza Work, daughter of Andrew and Anne (Anderson) Work, of the vicinity of St. Clairsville. The living children of George Cunningham are Mrs. Leroy Wise of Washington, Pennsylvania; Mrs. Reece Thomas, Mrs. Alva Wise and Miss Hannah Cunningham of the vicinity of Bellaire. Samuel Cunningham's living children are Mrs. Jesse Bonar, of Moundsville, West Virginia; Miss Alice Cunningham, principal of Bellaire High School, and William Cunningham of Toledo, Ohio. The descendants of the remaining sons and of the daughters of John and Hannah Cunningham live in Delaware and Champaign counties, Ohio, and in Ohio County, West Virginia. . ["Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens", edited by A.T. McKelvey, 1903 - Tr. by K. Mohler]

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