Champaign County, Ohio
Genealogy and History

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Timeline in Champaign County, Ohio's History
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Historical Facts and Trivia of Champaign County Ohio
[source: The Champaign County Genealogical Society Newsletter Oct/Nov/Dec 1997]

Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by a Friend of Free Genealogy

1750
English Trader George Croghan established several Indian Trading Posts in Ohio. The nearest to Champaign County was in Pickawillany in Miami County He or his fellow traders probably traversed Champaign County several times on their travels to Pickawillany. He may have been the first white man in this county.

1751 Mar
Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, with traders George Croghan, Andrew Montour and Robert Kallander traverse Champaign County, east to west, on their way to the Indian Village at Pickawillany in Miami County. They are impressed by the diversity of the forests, prairies and fauna of the region which is now our county

1752 Jun 21
French and Indian forces from Detroit destroy Picawillany In the excitement Thomas Burney and Andrew McBryer, English Traders, escaped and passed through Champaign County on their way to the mouth of the Scioto River.

1752 Jul 17
Capt William Trent, an Englishman, with a party of 20, passes through Champaign County on their route from the mouth of the Scioto to Pickawillany.

1755 Oct 15
A white woman, Jane Frazier from Cumberland. Maryland, may have passed through Champaign County as an Indian captive enroute to Pickawillany.

1760
James Smith, a Kentuckian, traveled and hunted in Champaign County. He stated that in the large prairie stretching northeast from Springfield to Urbana, he, in the company of several Indians, startled some bufTalo and dk.

1778
Simon Kenton travels through Clark and Champaign County as a prisoner of the Indians His captors nearly drowned him in Kingscrcck

1782 Mar
Jonathan Alder, an Indian captive passed through Champaign County on his way to Wapatomica in Logan County While a captive he hunted throughout this and surrounding counties He was treed after the 1795 Treaty of Greenville and eventually settled in Madison County.

1805
One of the first Urbana industries was the Zephaniah Luce tanyard located on lots 51 & 52 at the northeast corner of Miami and Walnut St. They closed about 1852.

1805
The first tavern in Urbana is opened by George Fithian in a log cabin on the grounds where the Post Office complex now stands

1805
The first Urbana subscription school was opened in Thomas Pearce's old cabin on the north side of Scioto St. a little east of the junction of Scioto St and Patrick Ave.

1805 Mar 1
Champaign County is officially created. East-west boundaries are essentially those of today; while the south limits extended about one mile south of Springfield. Jurisdictionally the northern line was Lake Erie but for practical purposes the limits terminated at the Greenville
Treaty Line.

1805 Apr 18
Joseph C. Vance (1786-1852) who came to Salem Twp. in 1805, is appointed the first county auditor, clerk and recorder of Urbana. He built an office on lot 151 adjoining his residence on the northeast comer of Reynolds and Kenton St. This may have been the first court house. In December 1807 he married Mary Lemen in Urbana.

1805 Apr 20
At the first court of Champaign County, convened this date, the county is divided into three townships: Mad River, Salem, and Springfield. The latter didn't include any of the present county. Mad River contained the present townships of Adams, Johnson, Jackson. Harrison. Concord and Mad River, and small tracts of Salem and Urbana Twp. and Clark and Logan County. Salem included all the present Goshen. Rush, Union. Wayne and nearly all of Salem and Urbana Twp. and a large part of Clark and Logan County

1805 May 5
Col John Dougherty is appointed the first Champaign Co. sheriff

1805 May 28
The first recorded marriage license is issued to Daniel Harr and Elizabeth Ross At this time any male aged 18 and female aged 14 could be married provided they were no closer relatives than first cousins.






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