Franklin County, Ohio
FRANKLIN COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY
At a meeting of the citizens of Franklin County, held at the City Hall in Columbus, on the 6th of September, 1851, it was resolved to proceed to organize a County Agricultural Society; and a constitution which had been previously prepared, was reported and adopted. It provides that the officers of the Society shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and five Managers, who together shall constitute a Board of Directors, and shall all be elected annually. That the members of the Society shall each pay one dollar a year into the treasury. That there shall be an annual County Fair, etc.
At the same time and place, the following gentlemen were elected the first board of officers:
President - Samuel Medary.
Vice President - Samuel Brush.
Treasurer - G. M. Peters.
Secretary - Wm. Dennison, jr.
Managers - Pliny Curtis, David Taylor, Joseph
O'Harra, Wm. L. Miner, and W. H. Rarey.
A committee of three from each township and ward was then appointed to obtain subscribers to the constitution and collect the dues from members.
At the next meeting a set of by-laws were adopted, and at a meeting, on the 27th of September, G. M. Peters resigned the office of Treasurer, and Robert Hume was appointed in his place; and by order of the Board, soon after, he drew from the county treasury two hundred dollars, in pursuance of a statute of the State, passed 28th of February, 1846, entitled "An act to encourage agriculture." Soon after, in October, 1851, the first County Fair was held on the State Fair grounds near Franklinton; and in May, 1852, Mr. Hume reported the state of the finances as follows:
Cash received of 339 members, - - $339.00
Cash received from treasurer of county, - 200.00
Cash received from sale of admission ticketsat Fair, 59.50
Deduct am't paid for premiums and expenses, 329 36
Leaving a balance in the treasury of, - $269 14
At the election of Directors in May, 1852, the result was as follows:
President ---- Samuel Brush.
Vice President ---- Jacob Slyh.
Treasurer ---- Robert Hume.
Secretary ---- Benjamin Blake.
Managers ---- M. L. Sullivant, W. H. Rarey, Wm. L. Miner, E. F. Jennings and Lucien Buttles.
The Directors had now turned their attention to the purchase and improvement of grounds of their own, on which to hold their future Fairs; and in July, 1852, they effected a purchase of eight acres from Mr. Samuel Barr, upon which they immediately commenced their improvements. And in October of the same year, the second Country Fair was held on their own ground.
About this time, the Board passed an order that any person on paying twenty dollars in advance towards the purchase and improvement of the grounds, should thereby be constituted a life member of the Society without any further assessments or charges. The following gentlemen availed themselves of the order, and thereby aided the infant society, and created themselves life members, to wit: Samuel Brush, Benjamin Blake, Robert Hume, M. L. Sullivant, Wm. H. Rarey and Lucien Buttles.
Election of Directors in the spring of 1853:
President --- Samuel Brush.
Vice President - Moses Seymour.
Secretary - Benjamin Blake.
Treasurer - Robert Hume.
Managers - Lucien Buttles, Joseph M. Sullivant, C. W. Speaks, Wm. L. Miner and Eli F. Jennings.
The Fair for the year 1853 was held on the Society grounds the last three days in September.
Election of Directors in the spring of 1854*:
President - Wm. L. Miner.
Vice President - Benjamin Blake.
Secretary - J. W. Baldwin.
Treasurer - Thomas Moodie.
Manager - Messrs. Seymour, Slyh, Sullivant, Burr and Clark.
*At this meeting, Mr. Brush, the President, delivered an interesting address to the Society and declined a re-election.
The meeting then passed the following complimentary resolutions:
Resolved, That it is with profound regret, the members of the Society hear that their able and efficient President, Samuel Brush, Esq., peremptorily declines a reelection.
Resolved, That this Society have a high appreciation of his valuable labors in their behalf, and hereby tender to him their hearty thanks for the good he has accomplished for the cause of Agriculture in Franklin County.
The annual Fair for this year was held on the 13th, 14th and 15th days of September
Election of Directors in the spring of 1855:
President - Lucien Buttles.
Vice President - John Clark.
Secretary - Henry C. Noble
Treasurer - Thomas Moodie.
Managers - Alex. Mooberry, J. W. Long, Charles Pontius, G. S. Innes and J. W. Parks.
In June of this year, the County Commissioners appropriated two hundred and fifty dollars towards improving the cross road from the national road to the Fair grounds.
The Fair this year was held on the 12th, 13th and 14th days of September.
Election of Directors in the spring of 1856:
President -- John Clark.
Vice President - Alexander Mooberry.
Secretary - Gamaliel Scott.
Treasurer - Thomas Moodie.
Managers - J. C. McDaniel, D. S. Elliot, H. C. Noble John Moler and David Taylor.
Fair this year on the 17th, 18th and 19th of September.
Election of Directors 10th of April 1857:
President - David Taylor, of Truro.
Vice President - Alex. Mooberry, of Montgomery.
Secretary - Gamaliel Scott, of Columbus.
Treasurer - Thomas Moodie, of Columbus.
Managers - J. H. Stage of Columbus, W. T. Decker of Madison, John Stimmel of Jackson, J. C. McDaniel of Blendon, and S. S. Davis of Perry.
The annual Fair for 1857 was held on the 9th, 10th and 11th days of September.
COLUMBUS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.
The first meeting of the citizens to form this Society, was held on the 10th of April, 1845. At this meeting, the late Bela Latham was chosen chairman, and M. B. Bateham, Secretary; and a committee was appointed to report a Constitution and By-Laws. This committee consisted of Messrs. M. B. Bateham, Joseph Sullivant, Samuel Medary, John Burr, Alex. E. Glenn, Joseph Ridgway, jr., and Joel Buttles.
The next meeting was held May12th; the Constitution was adopted, and Bela Latham elected President; W. S. Sullivant and Sam'l Medary, Vice Presidents; Joseph Sullivant, Recording Secretary; M. B. Bateham, Cor. Secretary; John W. Andrews, Treasurer; Dr. I. G. Jones, John Burr, John A Lazell, John Fisher, Moses Jewett, John Miller and Leander Ransom, Managers.
On the 26th of September, 1845, the first public Exhibition or Fair of the Society was held, at which there was a good display of fruits and flowers, and which was well attended by the citizens.
At the annual meeting, in March, 1846, Mr. Latham was reelected President. The annual Fair this year was on the 3d and 4th of September, at which there was a large display of fruits and flowers, and premiums were awarded.
In 1847, M. Latham was again reelected President, and the Society held their Fair on the 7th and 8th of September.
At the annual meeting, in March, 1848, Dr. I. G. Jones was chosen President, in place of Mr. Latham, whose ill health prevented him from discharging the duties of the office. In this year the Society lost its most active and efficient member in the death of Mr. Latham, which took place on the 21st of April.
The Society had not yet been incorporated; but on the 13th of March, 1849, an act of incorporation was passed, which reads as follows: "That Francis Stewart, John Miller, Joseph Sullivant, I. G. Jones, Adam Sites, Lucien Buttles, Benjamin Blake, William Merion, M. B. Bateham, Samuel McClelland, Thomas Stockton, Samuel Medary, A. H. Lazell, John Burr, Alexander E. Glenn, their associates and successors, be and they are hereby incorporated by the name and style of the Columbus Horticultural Society, for the purpose of encouraging and improving the science and practice of horticulture, and the promoting and propagation of the various species of trees, fruits, plants and vegetables, and the introduction of new species and varieties, and for no other purpose whatever."
In 1849, Dr. Jones was reelected President, and was continued several years. The prevalence of the cholera in 1849 and 1850, prevented the Society from doing much more than to keep up its organization.
In 1851, the Society effected a purchase of ten acres of land from Mr. Samuel Barr, adjacent to the County Fair grounds, for the purpose of establishing a Society Garden. And in September of that year, they adopted a new Constitution, which superseded the old Constitution and By-Laws. It provides:
1st. There shall be regular life and honorary members.
2nd. That any person may become a regular member whose name is proposed at any meeting, by a vote of two-thirds of the members present, by signing the Constitution, and paying two dollars initiation fee, and one dollar annually thereafter, in advance.
3d. That any member of the Society may become a life member by paying the sum of twenty dollars, which shall be in lieu of all assessments.
4th. The officers of the Society consist of a President, two Vice Presidents, a Treasurer, a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording Secretary; and a Council, which shall consist of the President, Treasurer and three members, all to be elected annually.
The garden grounds have been fenced and somewhat improved, but not yet cultivated as a garden.
PRESENT OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY
President - M. B. Bateham.
Vice Presidents - Francis Stewart and Benjamin Blake* [*Mr. Blake died March 27, 1858]
Treasurer - Henry C. Noble
Corresponding Secretary - Henry C. Noble
Recording Secretary - Robert Hume.
[Source: History of Franklin County, by William T. Martin, published by Follett, Foster & Company (1858) -- Transcribed by: Glenda Stevens]
Mr. Brickell was one of the three or four first white men that ever took up their permanent residence in what is now Franklin County. He came here, he informs us, in 1797, and he ever after made it his place of residence; living most of the time on a ten acre lot of land just in front of the Penitentiary, which he purchased of Lyne Starling, before the town of Columbus was laid out. His narrative, from which the following extracts are taken, was written and published in 1842, in the American Pioneer, a monthly periodical. But as it was never seen by many, it seems highly proper to give it a place in this work. Mr. Brickell was an intelligent man, a hatter by trade, and for many years a member of the Methodist Church. He says:
"I was born on the 24th of May, 1781, in Pennsylvania, near a place then known as Stewart's Crossings, on the Youghiogheny River, and, as I supposed for what I learned in after life, about four miles from Beesontown, now Uniontown, in Fayette County. On my father's side, I was of Irish, and on my mother's of German parentage. My father died when I was quite young, and I went to live with an elder brother, on a preemption settlement, on the north-east side of the Alleghany River, about two miles from Pittsburgh. On the breaking out of the Indian war, a body of Indians collected to the amount of about one hundred and fifty warriors, and spread up and down the Alleghany River about forty miles, and by a preconcerted movement, made an attack on all the settlements along the river, for that distance, in one day.
"This was on the 9th of February, 1791 I was alone, clearing out a fence row, about a quarter of a mile from the house, when an Indian came to me, and took my axe from me and laid it upon his shoulder with his rifle, and then let down the cock of his gun, which, it appears, he had cocked in approaching me. I had been on terms of intimacy with the Indians, and did not feel alarmed at this movement. They had been about our house almost every day. He took me by the hand and pointed the direction he wanted me to go; and although I did not know him, I concluded he only wanted me to chop something for him, and went without reluctance. We came to where he had lain all night, between two logs, without fire. I then suspected something was wrong, and attempted to run; but he threw me down on my face, in which position I every moment expected to feel the stroke of the tomahawk on my head. But he had prepared a rope, with which he tied my hands together behind me, and thus marched me off. After going a little distance, we fell in with George Girty, son of old George Girty. He spoke English and told me what they had done. He said 'white people had killed Indiana, and that the Indians had retaliated, and now there is war, and you are a prisoner; and we will take you to our town and make an Indian of you; and you will not be killed if you go peaceably; but if you try to run away, we won't be troubled with you, but we will kill you, and take your scalp to our town.' I told him I would go peaceably, and give them no trouble. From thence we traveled to the crossings of Big Beaver with scarce any food. We made a raft, and crossed late in the evening, and lay in a hole in a rock without fire or food. They would not make fire for fear we had attracted the attention of hunters in chopping for the raft. In the morning, the Indian who took me, delivered me to Girty, and took another direction. Girty and I continued our course towards the Tuscarawas. We traveled all that day through hunger and cold, camped all night, and continued till about three in the afternoon of the third day since I had tasted a mouthful. I felt very indignant at Girty, and thought if ever I got a good chance, I would kill him.
"We then made a fire, and Girty told me that if he thought I would not run away, he would leave me by the fire, and go and kill something to eat. I told him I would not. 'But,' said he, 'to make you safe, I will tie you.' He tied my hands behind my back, and tied me to a sapling, some distance from the fire. After he was gone, I untied myself and laid down by the fire. In about an hour, he came running back without any game. He asked me what I untied myself for? I told him I was cold. He said: 'Then you no run away?' I said 'no'. He then told me there were Indians close by, and he was afraid they would find me. We then went to their camp, where there were Indians with whom I had been as intimate as with any person, and they had been frequently at our house. They were very glad to see me, and gave me food, the first I had eaten after crossing Beaver. They treated me very kindly. We staid all night with them, and next morning we all took up our march toward the Tuscarawas, which we reached on the second day in the evening.
"Here we met the main body of hunting families, and the warriors from the Alleghany, this being their place of rendezvous. I supposed these Indians all to be Delawares; but at that time I could not distinguish between the different tribes. Here I met with two white prisoners, Thomas Dick, and his wife, Jane. They had been our nearest neighbors. I was immediately led to the lower end of the encampment, and allowed to take freely with them for about an hour. They informed me of the death of two of our neighbors, Samuel Chapman and William Powers, who were killed by the Indians-one in their house, and the other near it. The Indians showed me their scalps. I knew that of Chapman, having red hair on it.
"Next day about ten Indians started back to Pittsburgh. Girty told me they went to pass themselves for friendly Indians and to trade. Among these was the Indian who took me. In about two weeks they returned well loaded with store goods, whisky, etc.
"After the traders came back, the company divided; and those who came with us to Tuscarawas, and the Indian who took me, marked on towards Sandusky. When we arrived within a day's journey of an Indian town, where Fort Seneca since stood, we met two warriors going to the frontiers to war. The Indian I was with, had whisky. He and the two warriors got drunk, when one of the warriors fell on me and beat me. I thought he would kill me. The night was very dark, and I ran out into the woods, and lay under the side of a log. They presently missed me, and got lights to search for me. The Indian to whom I belonged called aloud: 'White man, white man!' I made no answer; but in the morning, after I saw the warriors start on their journey, I went into camp, where I was much pitied on account of my bruises. Next day we arrived within a mile of the Seneca town, and encamped for the night, agreeably to their manner, to give room for their parade, or grand entrance the next day. That took place about eight o'clock in the morning. The ceremony commenced with a great whoop or yell. We were then met by all sorts of Indians from the town, old and young, men and women. We then called a halt, and they formed two lines about twelve feet apart, in the direction of the river. They made signs for me to run between the lines toward the river. I knew nothing of what they wanted, and started; but I had no chance, for they fell to beating me until I was bruised from head to foot. At this juncture, a very big Indian came up and threw the company off me, and took me by the arm, and led me along through the lines with such rapidity that I scarcely touched the ground, and was not once struck after he took me till I got to the river. Then the very ones who beat me the worst were not the most kind and officious in washing me off, feeding me, etc., and did their utmost to cure me. I was nearly killed, and did not get over it for two months. My impression is, that the big Indian, who rescued me, was Captain Pipe, who assisted in burning Crawford. The Indian who owned me did not interfere in any way.
"We staid about two weeks at the Seneca towns. My owner there took himself a wife, and then started with me and his wife through the Black Swamp towards the Maumee towns. At Seneca I left the Indians I had been acquainted with, near Pittsburgh, and never saw or heard of them afterwards. When we arrived at the Auglaize River, we met an Indian my owner called brother, to whom he gave me; and I was adopted into his family. His name was Whingwy Pooshies, Big Cat. I lived in his family from about the first week in May, 1791, till my release in June, 1795.
"The squaws do nearly all the labor except hunting. They take care of the meat when brought in, and stretch the skins. They plant and tend the corn; they gather and house it, assisted by young boys, not yet able to hunt. After the boys are at the hunting age, they are no more considered as squaws, and are kept at hunting. The men are faithful at hunting, but when at home lie lazily about, and are of little account for anything else, seldom or never assisting in domestic duties. Besides the common modes, they often practice candle hunting; and for this they sometimes make candles or tapers, when they cannot buy them. Deer come to the river to eat a kind of water grass, to get which they frequently immerse their whole head and horns. They seem to be blinded by light at night, and will suffer a canoe to float close to them. I have practiced that kind of hunting much since I came to live where Columbus now is, and on one occasion killed twelve fine deer in one night.
"The fall after my adoption, there was a great stir in the town about an army of white men coming to fight the Indians. The squaws and boys were moved with the goods down the Maumee, and there waited the result of the battle, while the men went to war. They met St. Clair, and came off victorious, loaded with the spoils of the army. Whingwy Pooshies left the spoils at the town and came down to move us up. We then found ourselves a rich people. Whingwy Pooshies's share of the spoils of the army was two fine horses, four tents, one of which was a noble marquee, which made us a fine house in which we lived the remainder of my captivity. He had also clothing in abundance, and of all descriptions. I wore a soldier's coat. He had also axes, guns, and every thing necessary to make an Indian rich. There was much joy among them.
"I saw no prisoners that were taken in that battle, and believe there were none taken b the Delawares. Soon after this battle another Indian and I went out hunting, and we came to a place where there lay a human skeleton stripped of the flesh, which the Indian said had been eaten by the Chippewa Indians who were in the battle; and he called them brutes thus to use their prisoners. During the time of my captivity I conversed with seven or eight prisoners, taken from different parts, none of which were taken from that battle, agreeably to my best impressions. One of the prisoners I conversed with, was Isaac Patton by name, who was taken with Isaac Choat, Stacy and others from a blockhouse at the Big Bottom, on the Muskingum. I lived two years in the same house with Patton. I think I saw Spencer once. I saw a large lad, who, if I recollect right, said his name was Spencer. He was with McKee and Elliot as a waiter, or kind of servant; and, if I remember right, he was at the rapids.
"On one of our annual visits to the rapids to receive our presents from the British, I saw Jane Dick. Her husband had been sold, I understood, for forty dollars, and lived at Montreal. He was sold because he was rather worthless and disagreeable to the Indians. When I saw her she lived at large with the Indians. She became suddenly missing, and a great search was made for her; but the Indians could not find her. After my release from captivity, I saw her and her husband at Chillicothe, where they lived.
"She told me how she was liberated. Her husband had concerted a plan with the Captain of the vessel who brought the presents, to steal her from the Indians. The Captain concerted a plan with a black man, who cooked for McKee and Elliot, to steal Mrs. Dick. The black man arranged it with Mrs. Dick to meet him at midnight, in a copse of underwood, which she did, and he took her on board in a small canoe, and headed her up in an empty hogshead, where she remained until the day after the vessel sailed, about thirty-six hours. I remember well that every camp, and the woods were searched for her, and that the vessel was searched; for the Indians immediately suspected she was on board. But not thinking of unheading hogsheads, they could not find her. I saw the black man at Fort Hamilton as I returned from captivity, who told me how he stole Mrs. Dick off, which was in every particular confirmed by Mrs. Dick's own statement afterward. He also told me that there was a plan concerted between him and the Captain, to steal me off at the same time. 'But,' said he, 'they watched you so close I was told not venture it.' This I knew nothing of, until I was told by the black man, except that I observed the vigilance with which they watched me.
"In the month of June, 1794, three Indians, two men and a boy, and myself, started on a candle-light hunting expedition to Blanchard's Fork of the Auglaize. We had been out about two months. We returned to the towns in August, and found them entirely evacuated, but gave ourselves little uneasiness about it, as we supposed the Indians had gone to the foot of the Maumee rapids to receive their presents, as they were annually in the habit of doing. We encamped on the lower island in the middle of a cornfield. Next morning an Indian runner came down the river and gave the alarm whoop, which is a kind of a yell they use for no other purpose. The Indians answered and one went over to the runner, and immediately returning told us the white men were upon us, and we must run for our lives. We scattered like a flock of partridges, leaving our breakfast cooking on the fire. The Kentucky riflemen saw our smoke and came to it, and just missed me as I passed them in my flight through the corn. They took the whole of our two months work, breakfast, jerked skins and all. One of the Kentuckians told me afterwards that they got a fine chance of meat that was left.
"Wayne was then only about four miles from us, and the vanguard was right among us. The boy that was with us in the hunting expedition, and I, kept together on the trail of the Indians ill we overtook them, but the two Indians did not get with us until we got to the rapids.
"Two or three days after we arrived at the rapids, Wayne's spies came right into camp among us. I afterwards saw the survivors. Their names were Miller, McClelland, May, Wells, Mahaffy, and one other whose name I forget. They came into the camp boldly and fired on the Indians. Miller got wounded in the shoulder. May was chased by the Indians to the smooth rock in the bed of the river, where his horse fell. He was taken prisoner and the rest escaped. They then took May to camp. They knew him; he had formerly been a prisoner among them, and ran away from them. They told him: 'We know you; you speak Indian language; you not content to live with us. To-morrow we take you to that tree; (pointing to a very large bur oak at the edge of the clearing, which was near the British Fort,) we will tie you up and make a mark on your breast, and we will try what Indian can shoot nearest it.'
"It so turned out. The next day, the very day before the battle, they tied him up, made a mark on his breast, and riddled his body with bullets, shooting at least fifty into him. Thus ended poor May.
"On the next day, being myself about six miles below with the squaws, I went out hunting. The day being windy, I heard nothing of the firing of the battle, but saw some Indians on the retreat. One Indian, whom I knew, told me I had better go to camp, for the Indians were beaten, and they are preparing at camp to make their escape. The runners, towards dusk, came in, and said the army had halted and encamped. We then rested that night, but in great fear. Next morning, the runners told us the army had started up the river towards the mouth of the Auglaize. We were then satisfied. Many of the Delawares were killed and wounded. The Indian who took May was killed, and he was much missed; for he was the only gunsmith among the Delawares.
"Our crops and every means of support being cut off, we had to winter at the mouth of Swan Creek, perhaps where Toledo now stands. We were entirely dependent on the British, and they not half supply us.
"The starving condition of the Indians, together with the prospect of losing all their cows and dogs, made the Indians very impatient, and they became exasperated at the British. They said they had been deceived by them, for they had not fulfilled one promise. It was concluded among them to send a flag to Fort Defiance in order to make a treaty with the Americans. This was successful. Our men found the Americans ready to make a treaty, and they agreed on an exchange of prisoners. I had the pleasure to see nine white prisoners exchanged for nine Indians, and the mortification of finding myself left; there being no Indian to give for me. Patton, Johnston, Sloan and Mrs. Baker, of Kentucky, were four of the nine; the names of the others I do not recollect. Patton, Johnston and Mrs. Baker, had all lived with me in the same house among the Indians, and we were as intimate as brothers and sisters.
"On the breaking up of spring, we all went up to Fort Defiance, and on arriving on the shore opposite, we saluted the fort with a round of rifles, and they shot a cannon thirteen times. We then encamped on the spot. On the same day, Whingwy Pooshies told me I must go over to the fort. The children hung around me crying, and asked me if I was going to leave them? I told them I did not know. When we got over to the fort and were seated with the officers, Whingwy Pooshies told me to stand up, which I did; he then rose and addressed me in about these words: 'My son, these are the men the same color as yourself; there may be some of your kin here, or your kin may be a great way off from you; you have lived a long time with us; I call on you to say if I have not been a father to you? If I have not used you as a father would a son?' I said: 'You have used me as well as a father could use a son.' He said: 'I am glad you say so. You have lived long with me; you have hunted for me; but our treaty says you must be free. If you choose to go with the people of your color, I have no right to say a word; but if you choose to stay with me, your people have no right to speak. Now, reflect on it, and take your choice; and tell us as soon as you make up your mind.'
"I was silent a few moments, in which time it seemed as if I thought of almost every thing. I thought of the children I had just left crying; I thought of the Indians I was attached to; and I thought of my people, whom I remembered; and this latter thought predominated, and I said: 'I will go with my kin.' The old man then said: 'I have raised you; I have learned you to hunt; you are a good hunter; you have been better to me than my own sons; I am now getting old and cannot hunt; I thought you would be a support to my age; I leaned on you as on a staff. Now it is broken-you are going to leave me, and I have no right to say a word-but I am ruined.' He then sank back in tears in his seat. I heartily joined him in his tears-parted with him, and have never seen nor heard of him since.
"I learned the Delaware language well, and can speak it now about as well as English. I will give the Delaware names of a few streams. Sepung, is properly what we call a stream, there being no distinction between runs, creeks and rivers, as with us. They called the Ohio Whingwy Sepung, or Big Stream. Paint Creek, in Ross County, I never heard called Yoctongee; but we called it Olomon Sepung, or Paint Creek. Seckle Sepung, or Saltlick Creek, what is now called Alum Creek. Whingwy Mahoni Sepung, or Big Lick Creek, is what we call Big Walnut Creek. The Scioto was so called, but it is not a Delaware name, and I do not know its meaning.
"It was about the 1st of June, 1795, that I parted with Whingwy Pooshies. The next day I started for Fort Greenville. I rode on a horse furnished by the Americans. I was under the charge and protection of Lieut. Blue, who treated me with every kindness; and at Fort Greenville had a good suit of clothes made for me by a tailor. We had been there about a week, when a company of men arrived from Cincinnati, among whom was a brother of my brother's wife, with whom I had lived, and from whom I was taken. He told me of a sister I had, who was married, and lived about nine miles from Cincinnati, up Licking, on the Kentucky side. I then left Mr. Blue at Fort Greenville, and went to my sister's. She and all the neighbors seemed to be overjoyed, and a great crowd collected to see me, and hear about my living among the Indians. I then went to Grant's Salt Works, up Licking, to hunt for them. I made money there by killing deer at one dollar a piece, and turkeys at twelve and a half cents. I bought me a house, and had money left to take me to Pennsylvania. I went with a man named Andrew Lewis. There was great joy again, at my brother's, on my return to his house, from whence I was taken. My sister-in-law, in particular, seemed much gratified with my return, as did the great crowd which here again collected to see me, and hear the narrative of my captivity.
"In 1797, I came to this place, that is, now Columbus, Ohio, and have resided here ever since; generally enjoying good health, it never having cost me a dollar in my life for medical aid; and without ever wearing anything like a stocking inside of my moccasin, shoes or boots, from the time I went among the Indians to this day; and, I can say what perhaps few can at this day, that my feel are never cold.
"At another time, the Lord granting the opportunity, I will give more of the incidents of my life, as connected with the settlement and improvement of the country.
"Columbus, Ohio, Jan. 29, 1842."
Mr. Brickell died the 20th of July, 1844, in the 64th year of his age.
[Source: History of Franklin County, by William T. Martin, published by Follett, Foster & Company (1858) -- Transcribed by: Linda Natale]
Mr. Armstrong, when but a youth, became one of the first residents of Franklin County. he grew up to manhood in Franklinton, and continued to reside there until after the town of Columbus was laid out. He then became one of the first settlers of the new town, of which he has continued a resident nearly all the time since. In the spring of 1813 he purchased from the proprietors his lot on High street, which he still owns, and on which he for many years kept a respectable hotel. His first sign was that of Christopher Columbus at full size, then the Red Lion. Some years since he retired from business with a competency, and is sending the evening of life in peace and quietness.
The following is a brief narrative of his captivity with the Indians. He says:
"I was born in Washington County, Maryland March, 1785. I had a sister (Elizabeth) and three brothers, William, Robert and John, older than myself. We moved to the Mingo Bottom and from there to Virginia, opposite the end of Blannerhasset's Island. The Indians made frequent incursions into neighborhood, and my mother was in constant dread of being killed by them; she seemed to have a presentiment that she would have the fate of her parents, who were both killed by them in Mifflin County, Penn. Some time in April, 1794, (I perfectly remember all the circumstances of that eventful night,) my brothers William and Robert had gone to a floating mill which my father owned on the Ohio, near the house; the younger children were in bed. Father went down to the river to examine a trot line; my mother stood in the door, holding a candle for him. I shall never forget my appearance; it was the last time I ever beheld her; she stood trembling like a leaf, so that the candle shook in her hand. I suppose that she was afraid of the Indians, for I then thought there was nothing else to fear. Father returned safe; barred both of the doors, as was his custom, and then retired. Elizabeth, John and I, slept in the loft of our log house.
"About three o'clock, we were awakened by the barking of our dog. Father sprang up, and without waiting to put on any clothing, unbarred one of the doors, and ran out and hissed the dog; but in a moment he saw several Indians start from behind the trees, hallooed Indians, and ran into the house, barred the door, and caught up a gun. By this time the house was surrounded by twenty Wyandots. The poor, faithful dog had kept them off till he was disabled; they had cut him so badly in the mouth that his under jaw hung loose. As the savages approached the house, father fired the gun; then caught a bullet pouch, and sprang to the loft, put his bullet and powder into his hand, but in attempting to put it into the gun found (too late) that he had taken the wrong pouch, and the bullet was too large; so he threw down the gun, tore open the roof, and sprang to the ground, fully expecting to be tomahawked the instant he reached it; but fortunately he was not discovered, for the most of the Indians were already in the house. They commenced their bloody work by killing the three little ones. Mother attempted to escape through the chimney, but it is supposed that her clothes caught, for she fell, and (as the Indians afterward told me) in attempting to raise her they found she could not stand; her hip was broken. Had she been able to travel, they would not have killed her; but as she could not, they must have her scalp as a trophy. They also scalped the two oldest of the children, but from my mother took two.
"They dry these scalps on little hoops, about the size of a dollar, paint them, and fix them on poles, to raise as trophies of victory when entering their villages. When seeing these so raised, I inquired why they took two from mother? They said because the babe's hair was not long enough to scalp, they took one from its mother for it. After killing my sisters and brother below, they came up to us, and took us down. Oh! Who can describe our feelings on entering that room of blood! I was led over the slippery, bloody floor, and placed between the knees of one of the savages, whose hands were still reeking with the blood of my dearest relatives.
"Mr. Misner, who lived about a hundred yards above us, hearing the noise, took a canoe and started for Belpre, to raise an alarm. When half way across the river, I suppose, he saw the Indians and my sister; she was standing in the door, and the house was lighted. Mr. M. called, 'What is the matter?' One of the Indians told her to say nothing, which she did, being afraid to disobey. After plundering the house, they, with their three prisoners, started south-west; they went rapidly for a mile or two, then halted, formed a ring around us, and lighted their pipes, and made several speeches, apparently in great haste. We watched their gestures, and listened anxiously. I was afterward told that I was the subject of their debate. They expected to be pursued by the people of Belpre, and thought me too young to travel as fast as necessary for their safety; so they proposed killing me; but a young Indian who had led me, and observed my activity in jumping the logs, said he thought I would make a pretty good Indian, and they might go as fast as they pleased, and if I could not keep up, he would carry me. So my life was spared, and we continued our journey at a rapid rate; he sometimes carrying me, and I sometimes begging my sister to carry me. She, poor girl, could scarcely carry herself. I was quite small of my age.
"When we arrived opposite the mouth of Little Hocking, they found their canoes, which they had secreted in the bushes, got into them, and hastened across the river. When they gained the opposite bank, they gave a never-to-be-forgotten whoop, for they felt themselves safe. They next day they dined on a bear, which they had killed the day before. The oil of the bear was hung up in a deer skin; they gave us some of it to drink; we would not drink it. So they gave us of the bread and sugar which they had taken from my father's house - bread which our mother had so lately made. And where was she? Oh! My heart ached at the thought. They treated us kindly, and while our bread and sugar lasted, we fared very well.
"But to return to my father. When he jumped to the ground from the roof, he ran to the river, took a canoe and crossed over the island, went to Mr. James's then to the mill for my brothers, wakened them, and with them returned to the house. What a horrible scene presented itself! There lay my mother and the babe on the ground. In the house the other two children were lying in their gore. The boy was still alive, and he asked my father why he pulled his hair.
"I saw Mr. John James (a resident of Jackson County) in Columbus some years ago. He said that he was one of the twenty that followed the Indians down the river, saw their canoes, and where they landed, and also discovered by the tracks that we were still alive. They were afraid, if pursued farther, the Indians would kill us to expedite their flight. They were not far behind - the water was still muddy - so they returned.
"After eating our dinner, we started again, and our next halt was near where Lancaster now stands. There we saw young Cox, a man they had taken from our neighborhood a few days previous. We spent the night there. In the morning two of the most savage of our party took John and myself and started for Upper Sandusky. I missed not only my sister, but the young Indian that carried me. I had already begun to consider him my friend, although I did not then know that he had saved my life.
"Our two conductors seemed to delight in tormenting us. They made us wade streams where the water came up to my chin. Brother John being two years older than myself, and taller, would lead me. They would laugh at our fears. We had nothing but roots and herbs to eat. When we came near their village in Upper Sandusky, they stripped us our clothes, and tied a small part around our bodies in Indian style. When I cried at the loss of my clothes, one of them whipped me severely with his pipe stem. The Indian squaws and children came running from all directions to see, and we were no sooner in the house than the door was completely blocked up with them, which frightened me very much.
"A few days after our arrival, the party we had left behind came up, and I, when I saw them coming, ran to meet my friend, and was as glad to see him as if he had been my brother. My fondness for him no doubt increased his for me.
"The next morning we started for Lower Sandusky. In passing through the Seneca nation, the pole of scalps was hoisted. A little Seneca Indian ran to us, took the pole from the bearer, and carried it to an old squaw, who was sitting in the door of her hut. She examined it, handed it back to the boy, and he returned it to the Indian, then knocked both John and myself down. It was a privilege they had, as they belonged to another nation. After leaving the Senecas, we came to some of our nation, that is, Wyandots. There they formed a ring before we ate, and a prisoner who spoke both languages, gave me a gourd with shot in it, telling me that I must say grace. So he put some Indian words in my mouth, and bid me go around the ring, knocking the gourd with my hand, and repeating the words, which I did as well as I could. But my awkwardness made them laugh; so I got angry and threw down the gourd. I thought to myself, it was very different from the way my father said grace.
"On arriving at Lower Sandusky, before entering the town, they halted and formed a procession for Cox, my sister, my brother and myself to run the gauntlet. They pointed to the house of their chief, Old Crane, about a hundred yards distant, signifying that we should run into it. We did so, and were received very kindly by the old chief; he was a very mild man, beloved by all.
"I was then adopted into his family, the Deer tribe, my brother John into another, the Turtle tribe, and my sister into another; so we were separated. I was painted all over, and a broad belt of wampum put around my body. I was quite an important personage; and if my dear sister and brother had remained with me, I should have been happy; yes, happy, for I thought, now the Indians were my friends, I had nothing on earth to fear. But my brother and sister were gone, and I was alone. I cried very much. An old prisoner tried to comfort me. He said I must not eat with the paint on me; if I did, it would kill me. It was the paint of my adoption, and I suppose that while it was on me, I was considered neither white nor red, and, according to their superstition, if I remained in that state, I should die. The prisoner took me to the river, and washed it off, then led me back to the house.
"John was taken to Brownstown, and Elizabeth to Manmee. I did not see either of them again for about four years, when my brother and myself regained our liberty. My sister remained with them but a few months. She was stolen from them by a gentleman in search of his sister, and taken to Detroit. As she had no means of returning to her friends, she went with a family by the name of Dolson to Canada, and married one of the sons. When I saw her next she had a family of her own.
"After our adoption, the family to which I belonged came back to Columbus and camped near where the Penitentiary now stands. There we raised corn in what is now called Sullivant's Prairie. My home while with them was back and forth from there to Lower Sandusky. The first night I spent in Franklin, the Indians all got drunk. The squaws put me on a scaffold to keep them from killing me. The squaws had sense enough to not taste the rum till the Indians were too drunk to harm them; then they too got drunk. And, oh, what a time for me for a few days, while the rum lasted; but when it was gone, they were very kind to me.
"After parting from my brother and sister, I heard so little of my own language that I forgot it entirely, and became attached to them and their ways. In fact, I became a very good Indian. They called me Hooscoatah-jah (Little Head). A short time afterward, they changed my name to Duh-guah. They often change their names.
"In the month of August, 1794, when I had been a prisoner about four months, General Wayne conquered the Indians in that decisive battle on the Maumee. Before the battle, the squaws and children were sent to Lower Sandusky. Runners were sent from the scene of action to inform us of their defeat, and to order us to Sandusky Bay. They supposed that Wayne would come with his forces and massacre the whole of us. Great was the consternation and confusion; and I, (strange infatuation,) thinking their enemies mine, ran and got into a canoe, fearing they would go and leave me at the mercy of the pale faces. We all arrived safe at the Bay; and there the Indians conveyed their wounded - Old Crane among the number. He was wounded in the arm; and my friend, the one that saved my life, was killed
"Wayne, instead of molesting us, withdrew his forces to Greenville; and we returned to Franklin, (that now is,) and encamped below the dam, where there is a deep hole, called Billy's Hole, from Billy Wyandot.
"The only war dance I witnessed, was near where the Penitentiary now stands, when a party of them were preparing to leave for Kentucky in quest of prisoners and scalps. They returned with three prisoners and five scalps. Billy Wyandot and others were then preparing to leave for Greenville to form a treaty, (August, '95.) By that treaty a great part of the present limits of the State of Ohio was ceded to the whites; and the Indians were to give up all the prisoners in their possession, which was done where found and recognized.
"My brother and myself were still held in bondage, our friends supposing us to be dead. When the lands acquired by the treaty were being surveyed by Generals Massie and McArthur, Mr. Thomas, a former neighbor of my father's, being with them, saw me and knew me. He sent word to my brother Williams, who was then residing in Kentucky. As soon as he heard that I was alive, he left Kentucky in search of me, with only six dollars in his pocket. He expected to fine me in Franklin. Not finding me there, he went on to Upper Sandusky. The Indians were on a hunting tour and I was with them. The corn was then in silk; he was told that we would not be back until roasting ear time. So he went back as far as Chillicothe, where he remained until the time appointed. Then he started again and came to Lower Sandusky, where he found me quite happy, and so much of an Indian that I would much rather have seen him tomahawked than to go with him. Old Crane would not consent to give me up. He said according to the treaty they were not obliged to release any that were willing to stay. They agreed to go to Brownstown and examine the treaty.
"Brother William, knowing the uncertainty of the Indians, went to Detroit for assistance. He applied to Gen. Hamtramack, who gave him an officer and twelve men. With this force he came to Brownstown, sixteen miles. We were all there, and I had found my brother John, who was as unwilling to leave as myself. We were strutting back and forth on the porch. I had a large bunch of feathers tied in my hair at the crown of my heard and rings in my ears and nose. I was feeling very large and defiant. When I saw William coming, I said to John, 'There comes our white brother.' He came towards us and put out his hand to shake hands, but we drew ourselves up scornfully, and would not allow him to touch us. Oh, how little we knew or thought of the toils and suffering he had endured for our sake.
"We were both determined not to go with him; so they took us by force. William took one of us by the hand and the officer the other; they dragged us along to the boat. I well remember our setting one foot back to brace ourselves, and pulling with our might to get from them. But they succeeded in getting us into the boat and pushing off, leaving the old squaw who had the care of me, standing on the bank crying. There she stood, and I could hear her cries until lost in the distance. I cried too, till quite exhausted, and I fell asleep.
"John, being with a tribe that traded with the whites, did not forget his native tongue. Some days after we started, William related the story of our capture, the murder of our mother, sisters, and brother. John repeated it to me. Oh, what a sudden change it wrought in me. It brought back the whole scene so forcibly to my recollection, that I clung to my brother with affection and gratitude, and never more had a wish to return to the red men.
"At Detroit we left out boat, and were kept in garrison four or five days, waiting for a vessel to take us to Erie, Pennsylvania. We went from Erie to Pittsburgh, from there to our old home at Mr. Gillespie's, one of our old neighbors. We then changed our savage clothes, and after remaining several days, we left for Chillicothe, from thence to Franklin my present home.
"Columbus, April, 1858."
Representatives in Congress - Senators and Representatives in State Legislature - County Commissioners - County Auditors - County Treasurers - County Collectors - County Assessors - County Recorders - County Surveyors - President Judges - Associate Judges - Clerks of Courts - Prosecuting Attorneys - Sheriffs - Coroners - Probate Judges - Superior Court.
REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS
In the year 1802, the State Constitution was adopted, and in 1803, the County of Franklin was organized.Until 1812, the State was entitled to but one Representative in Congress; from 1812 until 1822, the State was entitled to six; from 1822 until 1832, to fourteen; from 1832 until 1842, to nineteen; and since 1842, to twenty-one. From 1812 until 1822, our Congressional District was composed of the counties of Franklin, Licking, Delaware, Madison, Fairfield, Champaign, Montgomery, Miami and Darke; from 1822 until 1832, of Franklin, Delaware, Marion, Crawford, Knox, Licking and Coshocton; from 1832 until 1842, of Franklin, Madison, Pickaway, Delaware and Marion; from 1842 until 1852, of Franklin, Licking, Knox and Delaware; and since 1852, of Franklin, Licking and Pickaway.
The first election for a member of Congress was held on the 27th of June, 1803, to elect on member for two years from the fourth of March, then past. And since then, the elections for Congressmen have always been held in October.
Wm. H. Harrison had been a Delegate in Congress from the Northwestern Territory. He was elected by the first Territorial Legislature, convened at Cincinnati, in September, 1799.
Members of Congress Elected*
1803.Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County.
1804.Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County
1806.Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County
1808.Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County
1810.Jeremiah Morrow, of Warren County
1812.James Kilbourne, of Franklin County.
1814.James Kilbourne, of Franklin County
* It will be recollected that members of Congress for the regular terms, are elected one year previous to taking their seats. They are chosen at the October election, and their time property commences the 4th of March ensuing; but in consequence of Congress not meeting until December, it makes the time over a year from their election until they take their seats at Washington.
1816.Philemon Beecher, of Fairfield County.
1818.Philemon Beecher, of Fairfield County
1820. Joseph Vance, of Champaign County.
1822.William Wilson, of Licking County.
1824.William Wilson, of Licking County
1826.William Wilson, of Licking County
1827.William Stanbery, of Licking County, one session, in place of Wilson, deceased.
1828.William Stanbery, of Licking County, full term.
1830.William Stanbery, of Licking County, full term.
1832.Jeremiah McLene, of Franklin County.
1834.Jeremiah McLene, of Franklin County
1836.Joseph Ridgway,of Franklin County
1838.Joseph Ridgway,of Franklin County
1840.Joseph Ridgway,of Franklin County
1842.Heman A. Moore,of Franklin County
1844.A. P. Stone, of Franklin County, for one session, in place of Moore, deceased.
1844.Columbus Delano, of Knox County, full term.
1846. Daniel Duncan, of Licking County.
1848.Charles Switzer, of Delaware County.
1850.Charles Switzer, of Delaware County
1852.Edson B. Olds, of Pickaway County.
1854.Samuel Galloway, of Franklin County.
1856.S. S. Cox,of Franklin County
Until the year 1810, Franklin, Ross and Highland Counties constituted a Senatorial District, which was entitled to two Senators. In 1810, Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and part of Pickaway, that had been stricken off of Franklin, were constituted a District, and entitled to one Senator; and so continued until 1820, when Union was added to the District. In 1823, Franklin, Madison, Delaware, Union, Marion and Crawford, all elected together, one Senator. From 1827 until 1840, Franklin and Pickaway composed the Senatorial District. From 1840 until 1848, the District was composed of the counties of Franklin, Madison and Clark; from 1848 until 1851, of Franklin and Delaware; and since 1851, of Franklin and Pickaway again.
1803.Nathaniel Massie and Abraham Claypool.
1804. Joseph Kerr in place of Massie.
1805. Duncan McArthur in place of Claypool.
1806.Abraham Claypool in place of Kerr.
1807.Duncan McArthur reelected.
1808.Henry Massie in place of Claypool.
1809.Duncan McArthur reelected.
1810.Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1812.John Barr, of Pickaway County.
1814.Joseph Foos, of Franklin County
1816.Thomas Johnston, of Franklin County
1818.Joseph Foos, of Franklin County
1820.Joseph Foos, of Franklin County
1822.Henry Brown, of Franklin County
1823.James Kooken, of Franklin County, one session, in place of Brown.
1824.Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1826. Joseph Foos, of Franklin County.
1828.Joseph Olds, of Pickaway, - served by virtue of his election in 1827, before Franklin elected with Pickaway.
1829.Joseph Olds reelected.
1831.William Doherty, of Franklin County.
1833.Ralph Osborn,of Franklin County
1835.Elias Florence, of PickawayCounty
1837.John L. Green, of PickawayCounty
1839. John L. Green, of PickawayCounty
1840.(New District.) Alex. Waddle, of Clark County.1842.Joseph Ridgway, jr., of Franklin County.
1844. Alfred Kelley,of Franklin County.
1846.J. Stutson, of MadisonCounty
During Mr. Brown's first session, he was elected Treasurer of State, and consequently served but the one session.
1848.Wiliam Dennison, jr., of Franklin County.
1850Abraham Thomson, of Delaware County
1851.John Cradlebaugh of Pickaway. (Change of District.)
1853.Samuel Bartlett of Franklin County.
1855.Alfred Kelley, of Franklin County
1857.Augustus L. Perrill, of Pickaway County.
REPRESENTATIVES IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
Until the year 1808, Franklin elected with Ross county, and was represented by four members. In 1808 and 1809, Franklin and Delaware elected together, and were entitled to one member. In 1810 and 1811, Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and part of Pickaway, elected together, and were entitled to one member. In 1812, Franklin alone was first entitled to one member, and continued to be represented by one until 1828, when she was entitled, for one session, to two members; then reduced to one until 1832, when she again elected two members; in 1833, only one; in 1834, two; in 1835 and 1836, only one; in 1837 and 1838, two; in 1839 and 1840, one; in 1841, two; in 1842, one; in 1843, two; in 1844 and 1845, Franklin and Madison two; in 1846 and 1847, two; in 1848, 1849 and 1850, one; and one additional member elected in common with Delaware; and since 1851, under the New Constitution, Franklin is entitled to two members, to be elected biennially.
1803.Wm. Creighton, John Evans, James Dunlap and Elias Langham.
1804.James Dunlap, Michael Baldwin, Duncan McArthur and William Patton.
1805.James Dunlap, Elias Langham, David Shelby and Abraham J. Williams.
1806.James Dunlap, David Shelby, Abraham J. Williams and Nathaniel Massie.
1807.Elias Langham, Thomas Worthington, Jeremiah McLene and William Lewis.
1808.John Blair, of Franklin, (new district).
1809. John Blair, of Franklin
1810.John Barr, of Pickaway County.
1811. John Barr, of Pickaway County
1812.Gustavus Swan, Franklin County only.
1813.Thomas Johnston, Franklin County
1814. Thomas Johnston, Franklin County
1815.William Ludlow,Franklin County
1816.Thomas Moore,Franklin County
1817.Gustavus Swan,Franklin County
1818.John A. McDowell, Franklin County
1819. John A. McDowell, Franklin County
1820.John R. Parish, of Franklin County.
1821. John R. Parish, of Franklin County.
1822.David Smith, of Franklin County
1823.James Kilbourne, of Franklin County
1824.George W. Williams, Franklin County.
1825.George W. Williams, of Franklin County
1826.David Smith, of Franklin County
1827.Thomas C. Flournoy, of Franklin County
1828.Joseph Ridgway and Daniel Upson.
1831.Philo H. Olmsted.
1832.Francis Stewart and M. B. Wright.
1833.Philo H. Olmsted.
1834.Adam Reed and Jadob Grubb.
1837.Alfred Kelley and Robert Neil.
1838.James Kilbourne and John W. Andrews.
1840.James C. Reynolds.
1841.Nathaniel Medbery and Joseph Chenowith.
1843.Samuel Parson and Cornelius Crum.
1844.Jos. Ridgway, jr., and Chas MCloud, of Madison.
1845.Jos. Ridgway, jr., and Edward Fitzgerald, of Madison
1846.John Noble and Jeremiah Clark.
1847.A. F. Perry and George Taylor.
1848.James Dalzell and David Gregory, of Delaware.
1849.James Dalzell and Elijah Carney,of Delaware
1850.Wray Thomas and Charles L. Eaton.
1851.Edward Cartright and Edward A. Stanley.
1853.Alexander Thompson and Hiram Hendron.
1855.Geo. M. Parsons and James H. Smith.
1857.Wm. R. Rankin and H. L. Chaney.
The first Board of Commissioners for Franklin County, were elected in June, 1804, and their terms of service determined by lot, as follows, to wit:
John Blair, until Oct. 1804
Benjamin Sells, " 1805 } Blair, Clerk of the Board
Arthur O'Harra, ' 1806
1806.Arthur O'Harra}Fisher, Clerk
1808.James Marshall. Fisher, Clerk
1809.Arthur O'Harra.Fisher, Clerk
1810.Robert Armstrong. O'Harra, Clerk.
1811.James Marshall. Adam Hosack, Clerk.
1812.William Shaw.Adam Hosack, Clerk
1813.Robert Armstrong. G. Swan, Clerk.
1814.James Marshall.Joseph Grate, Clerk.
1815.William McElvain.J. A. McDowell, Clerk.
1816.Robert Armstrong, Samuel G. Flenniken. J. A. McDowell, Clerk.
1817.Joseph Grate, James Marshall.J. A. McDowell, Clerk.
1818.David Jamison.Joseph Grate, Clerk.
1819.George W. Williams. Joseph Grate, Clerk.
1820.Joseph Grate. * Joseph Grate, Clerk.
1821.Robert Armstrong and Horace Walcutt.
1826.John M. Walcutt.
1829.Horace Walcutt and William Miller.
*In 1821, the office of County Auditor was created, and Joseph Grate was appointed to that office - a part of the duties of which is to act as Clerk of the Board of Commissioners; so that, now the Commissioners have not the appointing of their own Clerk, but the Auditor for the time being, must act as such.
1832.Horace Walcutt, (died 1833.)
1833.John M. White and Matthew Matthews.
1833 Timothy Lee appointed in place of White, dec'd.
1834.Hiram Andrews in place of Stewart.
1837.R. W. Cowles in place of Andrews.
1838.John Tipton in place of Lisle.
1839.James Bryden reelected.
1840.William W. Kyle in place of Cowles.
1841.Samuel S. Davis.
1842.John Greenwood in place of Bryden.
1843.Wm. W. Kyle reelected.
1844.Samuel S. Davisreelected
1845.John Clark in place of Greenwood.
1846.Adams Stewart in place of Kyle.
1847.Tho. J. Moorman in place of Davis.
1848.O. P. Hines in place of Clark.
1849.Jacob Slyh in place of Stewart.
1850.Eli F. Jennings in place of Moorman.
1851.Jesse Baughman in place of Hines.
1852.C. W. Speaks in place of Slyh.
1853.Edward Livingston in place of Jennings.
1854.Willis Mattoon in place of Baughman.
1855.Theodore Comstock in place of Speaks.
1856.Edward Livingston reelected.
1857.Mr. Mattoon died, and O. P. Hines appointed for balance of the year.
1857.Isaac White elected in place of Hines.
The office of County Auditor was created at the session of 1820-21.* Prior to that time the principal duties since performed by the Auditor, were discharged by the County Commissioners and their clerk. The Auditor was elected annually was 1824, and since then biennially.
In March, 1821, Joseph Grate was appointed by the Commissioners, first Auditor of Franklin County.
1821.(Oct.) Zachariah Mills elected for one year.
1822.Joseph Grate, elected for one year.
1823. Joseph Grate, elected for one year
1824. Joseph Grate, elected for two years.
* At the preceding session of the Legislature, Judge Flenniken was appointed, by the title of Auditor, to rate the lands of this county for taxation; but it was entirely a different office from the present, and only continued one year.
The lands were then classed for taxation as first, second and third rate, and charged a specified sum per hundred acres for each respective class.
1826. Joseph Grate, elected for two years, but died a few days after his election, and
1826.John C. Brodrick appointed by Commissioners.
1827. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1829. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1831. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1833. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1835. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1837. John C. Brodrickelected for two years.
1839.Frederick Cole, elected for two years.
1841. Frederick Cole, elected for two years.
1843. Frederick Cole, elected for two years.
1845.Smithson E. Wright, elected for two years
1847. Smithson E. Wright, elected for two years
1849.Holdemond Crary,elected for two years
1851. Holdemond Craryelected for two years
1853.John M. Pugh,elected for two years
1855.John M. Pugh,elected for two years
1857.John Phillips, elected for two years
The Treasurer was first appointed by the Associate Judges, then by the County Commissioners, until 1827. On the 24th of January, 1827, an act was passed by the Legislature, which provided for the election of the Treasurer by the people biennially. The same provision of law still remains.
In 1803, Jacob Grubb was appointed by the Associate Judges the first Treasurer of Franklin County, and was continued yearly by reappointment until 1827.
1827.(June.) Christian Heyl, appointed by Commissioners.
1827.(Oct.) Christian Heyl, elected for two years.
1829.Christian Heyl, elected for two years.
1831.Christian Heyl, elected for two years.
1833.Geo. McCormick,elected for two years.
1835.William Long,elected for two years.
1837. William Long,elected for two years.
1839. William Long,elected for two years.
1841.Joseph McElvain,elected for two years.
1843. Joseph McElvain,elected for two years.
1845.Joseph Leiby, elected for two years.
1847. Joseph Leiby, elected for two years.
1849. Joseph Leiby, elected for two years.
1851.O. P. Hines,elected for two years.
1853. O. P. Hines,elected for two years.
1855.Jas. H. Stauring, elected for two years.
1857. Jas. H. Stauring, elected for two years.
Many changes have taken place in the mode of collecting taxes. The first two or three years after the organization of this county, the chattel tax was collected by Township Collectors, and a County Collector collected the land tax. After that, say from about 1806 till 1820, the State was divided into four districts, and a Collector of non-resident land tax appointed by the Legislature for each district; and at the same time the County Collector collected the chattel tax, and tax upon resident lands. And from about 1820 until 1827, the County Collectors collected all taxes for State and county purposes. Since 1827, it has been the duty of the Treasurer to receive, or collect the taxes.
1803.Benjamin White, appointed by the Court.
1804.Adam Hosack, appointed by Commissioners.
1805. Adam Hosack, appointed by Commissioners.
1806. Adam Hosack, appointed by Commissioners.
1807. Adam Hosack, appointed by Commissioners.
1808.Elias N. Delashmut, appointed.
1809. Elias N. Delashmut, appointed
1810.Elias N. Delashmut, appointed
1811.John M. White,appointed
1814.Samuel Shannon, appointed.
1827.The office was abolished and the Treasurer required to collect the taxes.
The office of County Assessor was not created until by a Legislative act of February 3, 1825, which act gave the power of appointment to the County of Common Pleas. Prior to that, each township elected its own Assessor at the time of choosing Supervisors and other township officers in the spring of the year. On the 16th of January, 1827, an act was passed requiring the County Commissioners to appoint an Assessor from March until October following, and after October, 1827 for the voters to elect biennially.
1825.James Kilbourne, appointed for two years.
1827.(March.) James Kilbourne, reappointed till October.
1827.(Oct.) John Swisher, elected for two years.
1829.John Swisher, elected for two years.
1831. John Swisher, elected for two years
1833.John Swisher, elected for two years
1835.James Graham,elected for two years
1837.William Domigan, elected for two years
1839.William Domigan, elected for two years
On the 20th of March, 1841, an act was passed abolishing the office of County Assessor, and providing for the election of a Township Assessor in each township as formerly.
This office was filled by appointment by the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas until 1831. Since then the Recorder has been electable by the people triennially. In January, 1804, Lucas Sullivant was appointed first Recorder, and continued till 1807.
1807.Adam Hosack, appointed and continued till 1813.
1813.Lincoln Goodale, appointed and continued till '17.
1817.Abram J. McDowell, ""'31
1831.Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years.
1834.Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years.
1837.Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years.
1840.Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years.
1843.Wm. T. Martin, elected for three years.
1846.Nathan Cole,elected for three years
1849.Nathan Cole,elected for three years
1852.Nathan Cole,elected for three years
1855.Nathan Cole,elected for three years
The office of County Surveyor was filled by appointment by the Court of Common Pleas until after the passage of a law on the 3d of March, 1831, which provided for the election of Surveyor triennially by the legal voters of the county.
1803.Joseph Vance, appointed by the court and continued by reappointments until his death, in 1824.
1824.Richard Howe, appointed for five years. He served personally but a short time. General McLene then performed the duties as deputy for Howe until 1827.
1827.Jeremiah McLene, appointed, and continued until 1832.
1832.Lyne Starling, jr., elected, and resigned in April, 1833.
1833.Mease Smith, appointed to fill the vacancy.
1833. (Oct.) Frederick Cole, elected for three years.
1836." William Johnston, ""
1839." Uriah Lathrop,""
1842."John Graham, ""
1851." " """
1854."W. W. Pollard,""
Who have presided at the Franklin County Courts of Common Pleas.
1816.Orris Parish, elected for 7 years, resigned 1819.
1819.Frederick Grimke, by appointment.
1820.John A. McDowell, elected - died in 1823.
1823.Gustavus Swan,* appointed, then elected.
1830.Frederick Grimke,* elected.
1834.Joseph R. Swan,*elected
1841.Joseph R. Swan, elected
1848.J. L. Torbet,elected
On the second Monday of February, 1852, the office became abolished by the New Constitution.
1851.James L. Bates was elected under the new organization of the courts, for five years, commencing second Monday of February, 1852.
1856.James L. Bates, reelected, without opposition.
1803.John Dill, David Jamison and Joseph Foos, elected for seven years.
1808.William Thompson, by appointment, in place of Foos resigned.
1809.Isaac Miner elected in place of Thompson. In 1810, Miner fell within the bounds of Madison, when that county was created.
1810.Robert Shannon, William Reed and Alexander Morrison, jr., elected.
1814. Arthur O'Harra, by appointment, in place of Reed,who resigned to be a candidate for the Senate, but failed, and,
* Afterward promoted to the bench of the Supreme Court.
1815.Reed was again elected to succeed O'Harra.
1817.Samuel G. Flenniken and David Smith, in place Shannon and Morrison.
1819.Recompence Stansbery, by appointment, in place of Reed, deceased.
1820.Abner Lord, elected in Stansbery's place.
1821.Edward Livingston, appointed in place of Lord, deceased.
1822.Edward Livingston, elected.
1822.John Kerr, appointed and then elected in place of Smith, resigned.
1823.Thomas Johnston, by appointment, in place of Kerr, deceased.
1824.Arora Buttles, elected in Johnston's place, and Samuel G. Flenniken reelected.
1829.William McElvain, elected in Livingston's place.
1831.Arora Buttles and Samuel G. Flenniken both reelected.
1836.Adam Reed in place of William McElvain.
1837.William McElvain, again, in place of Buttles.
1838.Christian Heyl, in place of A. Reed, deceased, and Samuel G. Flenniken reelected.
1843.James Dalzell, by appointment, in place of Wm. McElvain, deceased.
1844. John A. Lazell, elected in place of James Dalzell.
1845.John Landes, in place Flenniken, deceased, and C. Heyl, reelected.
1851.Wm. T. Martin, elected in place of Lazell.
In 1852, the office of Associate Judge was abolished by the new Constitution.
CLERKS OF COURTS.
Until the adoption of the New Constitution, the office of Clerk for the Court of Common Pleas and for the Supreme Court, were separate and distinct appointments - each court appointing its own clerk for the term of seven years. But, in Franklin County, as in many others, the two appointments were always given to the same individual. Under the New Constitution one clerk is elected for both courts.
1803.Lucas Sullivant appointed first clerk for 7 years.
1810.Lyne Starling appointed to succeed Sullivant.
1815.Abram I. McDowell appointed in place of Starling, resigned.
1822.Abram I. McDowell reappointed.
1829. Abram I. McDowell reappointed.
1836.Elijah Backus appointed pro tem., and continued until the spring of 1838.
1838.March 15, Lyne Starling, jr., appointed.
1845.March 15, Lyne Starling reappointed - resigned February 1846.
1846.Feb. 21, Lewis Heyl appointed in place of Starling.
On the second Monday of February, 1852, Mr. Heyl's office became vacation by the New Constitution.
Oct. 1851.Kendall Thomas elected under the New Constitution, for three years, commencing second Monday in February, 1852.
Oct. 1854.Albert Buttles elected in place of Thomas
Oct. 1857.John L. Bryan in place of Buttles.
Until 1833, the Prosecuting Attorneys were appointed by the court, and the appointments were generally made for an indefinite length of time. Some served, probably, but one term - others for several years. No pretensions were made to precision under this head until 1833, since which Prosecuting Attorneys are elected biennially.
In 1805 Reuben Bonam prosecuted for the State.
From 1810 until 1812 or '13, John S. Wills.
From 1812 or '13, until April, 1819, David Scott.
1819. John A. McDowell in place of Scott, deceased.
1820. Thomas Backus in place of McDowell, elected Judge.
About 1821, John R. Parish, and continued for several years; and then James K. Corey several years.
Gustavus Swan, Orris Parish, Wm. Doherty, and probably some others, have occasionally prosecuted for a single term, during the absence or inability of the regular prosecutor.
From 1829 or '30, Joseph R. Swan, by appointment, until 1833; and in October, 1833, Joseph R. Swan was elected for two years.
1834.P. R. Wilcox, appointed in place of Swan, elected Judge, and same year Wilcox elected.
1836.Moses H. Kirby, elected.
1838.William W. Backus, elected
1840.William W. Backus, elected
1846.L. H. Webster,elected
1850.B. F. Martin, elected
1852. B. F. Martin, elected
1854.Geo. L. Converseelected
1856.J. O. Reamey,elected
1803.Benjamin White appointed for a short time.
1807.E. N. Delashmut.
1809.E. N. Delashmut.
1857.Silas W. Park.
1807.William Domigan* [*Mr. Domigan was the grandfather of our late Sheriff, Domigan.]
1835. George Jeffries, (in place of Neereamer,Resigned)
1843.A. W. Reader.
1849.A. W. Reader.
1851.James W. Barbee
1853.A. W. Reader.
This office was created by the New Constitution; and in October, 1851, Wm. R. Rankin was elected first Probate Judge, for three years, commencing in February, 1852.
1854.William Jamison in place of Rankin.
1857.Herman B. Alberry in place of Jamison.
Created at the Session of 1856-7.
April, 1857, Fitch J. Matthews elected Judge for five years, from 1st of May following.
Henry Stanbery and John Graham, were the members from Franklin County, in the Convention that formed the present State Constitution, in 1851.
[Source: History of Franklin County, by William T. Martin, published by Follett, Foster & Company (1858) -- Transcribed by: Anna Parks]
For this Chapter the author is wholly indebted to gentlemen of these two Secret Orders, who have, at his request, politely furnished him with the following history of those Societies in this county:
New England Lodge, No. 4, at Worthington, was organized under a warrant or dispensation from the Grand Lodge of the State of Connecticut, on the 28th day of June, A.D. 1808, A. L. 5808, with the following officers, viz:
James Kilbourne, W. M.; Zopher Topping, S. W.; Josia Topping, J. W.; Ezra Griswold, Sec'y; Israel Case, Treas'r; Stephen Maynard, S.D.; Roswell Wilcox, J.D.; Azariah Pinney, Tyler.
Officers installed the same day by Right Worshipful Thomas Worthington, of Chillicothe, according to letters for that purpose to him directed by and from the said Grand Lodge of the State of Connecticut.
Present Officers. - Geo. Taylor, W.M.; J. P. Wright, S. W.; H. W. Wright, J.W.; M. S. Wilkinson, Treas'r; J. M. Fuson, Sec'y; Miles Piney, S. D.; F. F. Tuller, J. D.; Ira Metcalf, Stewart and Tyler.
Columbus Lodge, No. 30, was instituted at Franklinton (as Ohio Lodge, No. 30,) on the 11th of June, 1815. The first officers of the Lodge were: Abner Lord, W. M.; John Kerr, S. W.; Alex. Morrison, J. W.; Lincoln Goodale, Treas'r; Joel Buttles, Sec'y.
Members. - Benj. Gardiner, Horace Wolcott, Samuel Shannon, Benj. Pike, James Kooken, Caleb Houston, Alex. B. Washburne, Onesimus Whitehead.
The first Master raised in the Lodge, Gustavus Swan, Oct. 19, 1815.
Present Officers. - William B. Thrall, W. M.; Joseph Stuart, S. W.; Amasa Jones, J. W.; N. B. Marple, Treas'r; Waldo B. Fay, Sec'y; Robert A. Emery, S. D.; P. T. Conrad, J.D.; George Coit, Tyler.
Magnolia Lodge, No. 20. A dispensation was issued by Wm. B. Thrall, Grand Master, June 10th, 1847, to Bela Latham, B. F. Martin, Henry A. Field, John W. Milligan, D. T. Woodbury, James T. Donahoo, Nathan'l Merion, Harvey Fletcher, Harvey Bancroft, and William Harrison.
Bela Latham, W. M.; B. F. Martin, S. W.; Henry A. Field, J. W.; first officers.
Organized October 20, 1847. The first officers elect were: B. F. Martin, W. M.; Henry A. Field, S. W.; W. M. Savage, J. W.; Peter Decker, Sec'y; Harvey Fletcher, Treas'r; D. T. Woodbury, S. D.; J. G. Canfield, J. D.
Present Officers. - John Stone, W. M.; Thomas Sparrow, S. W.; Orlando Wilson, J. W.; Smith Spencer, S. D.; Wesley Royce, J. D.; Amos McNairy, Treas'r; James F. Park, Sec'y; G. M. Copeland, Tyler.
ROYAL ARCH CHAPTERS.
Horeb Chapter, No. 3, at Worthington. This Chapter was organized the 18th day of December, 1815, under a dispensation from the Deputy Grand High Priest of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of the State of Maryland and District of Columbia.
Its first officers were, James Kilbourne, E. H. P.; Chester Griswold, King; Abner Lord, Scriber; Solomon Smith, Sec'y; Moses Byxbee, P. S.; H. Hyre, C. of H.; N. Potter, R. A. C.; A. Buttles, V. Shaw, S. Smith, Masters of the Vails.
The present officers are, W. T. Snow, H. P.; Chester Pinney, King; Moses Maynard, Scriber; Ira Metcalf, C. of H.; F. F. Tuller, R. A. C.; George Taylor, P. S.; J. P. Wright, Treas'r; J. M. Fuson, Sec'y; H. W. Wright, Apollos Maynard, George Osborn, Mas. of the Vails.
Ohio Chapter No. 12. By-Laws adopted December 4, 1824, with the following members, viz: Bela Latham, Dan'l Turney, Joel Buttles, Rob't Russell, A. Shaughnessy, A. Benfield, Wm. T. Snow, J. Lieby, T. Reynolds, Wm. Long, John M. Gray, T. L. Hamer, James H. Patterson, John Warner, William John, P. H. Olmsted, Hiram Platt, E. Richman, Caleb Houston, C. Heyl, H. Delano, J. M. Smith, James Pearce, John L. Starling, J. C. Brodrick, John Haver, T. Ross, John Zeigler, Chas. C. Beard, R. G. Walling.
Present Officers. - Amasa Jones, H. P.; James F. Park, King; Joseph A. Montgomery, Scribe; Joseph M. Stuart, C. of H.; Orlando Wilson, P. S.; James Williams, R. A. C.; John W. Milligan, Treas'r; A. B. Robinson, Sec'y; W. B. Fay, G. M. 3 Vail; E. West, G. M. 2 Vail; Thomas Sparrow, G. M. 1 Vail; Geo. M. Copeland, Guard.
Columbus Council, No. 8, Royal and Select Masters. Dispensation granted by W. B. Thrall, T. I. G. P., December. 27, 1841, appointing the following officers: Bela Latham, T. I. G. M.; Leonard Humphrey, D. I. G. M.; John W. Milligan, P. C. of W.
First election of officers March 4th, 1842, as follows: John A. Bryan, T. I. G. M.; J. W. Copeland, D. I. G. M.; J. W. Milligan, P. C. of W.; Leander Ransom, C. of G.; G. M. Herancourt, Treas'r; Timothy Griffith, Rec.; R. Buckbee, Sentinel.
Present Officers. - A. B. Robinson, T. I. G. M.; Thos. Sparrow, D. I. G. M.; Joseph M. Stuart, P. C. of W.; James F. Park, C. of G.; John W. Milligan, Treas'r; Orlando Wilson, Recorder; G. M. Copeland, Sentinel.
Mt. Vernon Encampment No. 1, of Knights Templars and Appendant Orders, was instituted at Worthington, on the 15th day of March, 1818, by virtue of authority and letter of dispensation, granted for that purpose by Thomas Smith Webb, Esquire, Deputy General Grand Master of the General Grand Encampment of the United States. On that occasion there were present Sir Thos. Smith Webb, hailing from the General Grand Encampment of the United States; Sir John Snow, hailing from St. Johns' Encampment, Rhode Island; and Sir Frederick A. Curtis, hailing from ------------- Encampment, Ireland. These Sir Knights, having severally interchanged credentials and established their respective titles, proceeded according to accustomed usage, and under said dispensation, to form and open a Council of Knights of the Red Cross, and an Encampment of Knights Templars and Appendant Orders.
It was chartered by the General Grand Encampment of the United States, Sept. 16, 1819, M. E. De Witt Clinton then presiding in that body. The first officers of the Encampment, under its charter, were M. E. John Snow, G. Com.; E. Chester Griswold, Gen.; E. James Kilbourne, Capt. Gen.; E. Joseph S. Hughs, Prelate.
Present Officers. - Sir W. B. Thrall, G. Com.; Sir Dwight Stone, Gen.; Sir Geo. R. Morton, Capt. Gen.; Sir Z. Connell, Prelate; Sir J. W. Milligan, S. W.; Sir D. T. Woodbury, J. W. ; Sir Wm. Richards, Treas'r; Sir A. B. Robinson, Recorder; Sir Jos. A. Montgomery, Stand. Bearer; Sir Daniel Morris, Sword Bearer; Sir Amasa Jones, Warder; Sir Geo M. Copeland, Sentinel.
This was the first dispensation granted by the General Grand Encampment of the United States, and the first Encampment of the Order organized west of the Allegheny Mountains. On the 24th of February, 1844, by virtue of authority derived from the Grand Encampment of Ohio, the meetings of the Encampment were thenceforward held in the City of Columbus.
INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS
The first Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in Franklin County, was instituted in the city of Columbus, on the fourth day of July, 1839. There were five petitioners for the Charter, namely: Nathan B. Kelly, James B. Thomas, William Flintham, David Bryden, and Charles A. Howle. It met for some time in the third story of Mr. Walcutt's brick building, on High street, near Town, where it was first organized. The membership increased rapidly, and prominent among them were Alfred P. Stone, John Brough, Clark Runyan, John Greenleaf, Lucian Buttles, John S. Hall, and others of the first class of citizens. A hall was fitted up in the Buckeye Block, which was occupied for a few years, and afterwards, when the City Bank Building was erected, the third story was fitted up expressly for an Odd Fellows' Hall, which was occupied for a number of years.
The Hall is now in Mr. Platt's building, on State street, near High.
Columbus Lodge, No. 9, numbers at this time, about one hundred and forty members. It has a large surplus fund, and is able at all times to meet any and all demands upon it, which arise from sickness or accident to its members.
Central Lodge, No. 23, was instituted in Columbus, on the second day of December, 1843. The original members were Thomas Stitt, Thomas Bown, David Overdier, Alex E. Glenn, James Aston, William K. Carr, Moses Altman and Francis La Chapelle, most of whom withdrew from Columbus Lodge to organize this new branch. It met in the same Hall, and increased rapidly in membership, and at present numbers about two hundred and sixty members.
Evening Star Lodge, No. 104, was instituted at Dublin, on the second day of March, 1848. Among its original members were Zenas Hutchinson, Alexander Thompson, E. M. Pinney, Holmes Sells, Jas. K. Thomas and Miles Pinney. The Lodge has been exceedingly prosperous, and at least three Lodges have grown out of it.
Excelsior Lodge, No. 145, was the next in the county, and was organized in the city of Columbus, on the twenty-second day of February, 1850. F. K. Hulburd, George G. Comstock, James B. Stockton, Ira M. Gorton, and Nathan B. Marple, were among the first members, and it has been very prosperous, numbering at present about one hundred and fifty members. The three Lodges in Columbus occupy the same Hall, being joint tenants, and owners in common of the Hall, furniture and fixtures; and all working together in harmony and peace.
Gordian Lodge, No. 205, was instituted at Groveport, on the eleventh of February, 1853. The petitioners for this Lodge were George McCormick, Edmund Gares, J. K. Low, George P. Champ, and G. S. Smith. It soon added to its numbers some of the best citizens of the village and neighborhood, and has increased to a respectable membership - has a neat Hall, and about forty members.
Ark Lodge, No. 270, was instituted in the village of Worthington, on the sixteenth of April, 1855. The petitioners for the Charter were James M. Fuson, Isaac Thompson, Isaac N. Case, Anson Mattoon, Wm. H. Skeels, and A. S. Wood; and it has since added many of the best citizens of Sharon township, and is in all respects what may be termed a good Lodge. It has at present about fifty members.
Rainbow Lodge, No. 270, was instituted in the village of Westerville, on the 7th of August, 1857. The petitioners were C. A. Vananda, J. W. Jameson, A. G. Stephenson, David Zeik, and Theophilus Jones. This is a new Lodge, but has increased in numbers until it now has about twenty-five members.
In addition to the Lodges, there are two Encampments of Odd Fellows, located at Columbus and Dublin.
Capitol Encampment, No. 6, was instituted in December, 1843, and has about one hundred and fifty members.
Johanan Encampment, No. 57, at Dublin, was instituted in August, 1853, and has about thirty members.
The Lodges and Encampments have a regular system of relief for sick and distressed members - not only of their own, but of other Lodges, and expend annually a large sum in relief of their members, and of widows and orphans. Of the latter class, there is now quite a number in the county that are well provided for by the Lodges.
[Source: History of Franklin County, by William T. Martin, published by Follett, Foster & Company (1858) -- Transcribed by: Anna Parks]
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