Gallia County, Ohio
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Formed on March 25, 1803 from portions of Adams and Washington counties.
County Seat: Gallipolis
Named by residents after the kingdom of Gaul in France, the Gallia County name
originated from the Latin word for France. In the 1790's French immigrants came to the United States in search
for land that was offered by land speculators who represented the Scioto Company. These French settlers built their
settlement in Ohio in Gallipolis, which meant, "city of the Gauls." After their arrival, the settlers
found that they had been conned. Many moved on but those who stayed paid for their land or had to move on to land
set aside by the U. S. government known as the French Grant. Those who purchased their land were among the first
white settlers of Gallia County.
In the early 1800's the Welsh began to immigrate to the United States from poverty stricten areas of Wales. The
Welsh began arriving in Gallipolis, mostly by accident. A group of Welsh immigrants migrating toward Paddy's Run
in Butler Co., Ohio, were in need of provisions and stopped at Gallipolis. After sending a scout to survey the
area, they were met by the French inhabitants of the area. They were welcomed and invited to stay the night. During
the night a terrible storm came across the area and the Welsh lost their flatboat. Whether or not it was caused
by the storm or by human hand, no one will ever know. A few days later, the boat was found and the men prepared
for their journey on to Paddy's Run. The women stood up to their men and demanded that they stay right where they
were. They refused to accompany their husbands on down the river. The men decided to stay in Gallia Co., Ohio.
News arrived in Wales about the bountiful area and others found their way into Gallia county, making the area one
of the largest Welsh settlements in the area. (Source: "The Welsh of
Columbus, Ohio: A Study in Adaptation and Assimilation"; A Thesis By Daniel Jenkins Williams, pg 24. Copyright
1914 Ohio State University.)
Centerville * Cheshire * Crown City * Gallipolis * Rio Grande * Vinton
Census-designated places and Other Communities
Bidwell * Kerr * Patriot
Addison * Cheshire * Clay
Green * Greenfield * Gallipolis
Guyan * Harrison * Huntington
Morgan * Ohio * Perry
Raccoon * Springfield * Walnut
18 Locust Street
Gallipolis, Ohio 45631-1294
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