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Gallia County, Ohio
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County Information
Formed on March 25, 1803 from portions of Adams and Washington counties.
County Seat: Gallipolis

Named by residents after the kingdom of Gaul in France, the Gallia County name originated from the Latin word for France. In the 1790's French immigrants came to the United States in search for land that was offered by land speculators who represented the Scioto Company. These French settlers built their settlement in Ohio in Gallipolis, which meant, "city of the Gauls." After their arrival, the settlers found that they had been conned. Many moved on but those who stayed paid for their land or had to move on to land set aside by the U. S. government known as the French Grant. Those who purchased their land were among the first white settlers of Gallia County.
In the early 1800's the Welsh began to immigrate to the United States from poverty stricten areas of Wales. The Welsh began arriving in Gallipolis, mostly by accident. A group of Welsh immigrants migrating toward Paddy's Run in Butler Co., Ohio, were in need of provisions and stopped at Gallipolis. After sending a scout to survey the area, they were met by the French inhabitants of the area. They were welcomed and invited to stay the night. During the night a terrible storm came across the area and the Welsh lost their flatboat. Whether or not it was caused by the storm or by human hand, no one will ever know. A few days later, the boat was found and the men prepared for their journey on to Paddy's Run. The women stood up to their men and demanded that they stay right where they were. They refused to accompany their husbands on down the river. The men decided to stay in Gallia Co., Ohio. News arrived in Wales about the bountiful area and others found their way into Gallia county, making the area one of the largest Welsh settlements in the area.
(Source: "The Welsh of Columbus, Ohio: A Study in Adaptation and Assimilation"; A Thesis By Daniel Jenkins Williams, pg 24. pub. 1914 Ohio State University.)


Villages
Centerville * Cheshire * Crown City * Gallipolis * Rio Grande * Vinton

Census-designated places and Other Communities
Bidwell * Kerr * Patriot

Townships
Addison * Cheshire * Clay
Green * Greenfield * Gallipolis
Guyan * Harrison * Huntington
Morgan * Ohio * Perry
Raccoon * Springfield * Walnut


County Courthouse
18 Locust Street
Gallipolis, Ohio 45631-1294



Online Data

Church Histories / Records

County Records

School Records

Website Updates:
Sep 2014:  All biographies in the 1882 History of Gallia County
Mar 2014:  1883 Pensioners; bios for KENNEDY, KLAGES, KELLER, RIDGWAY, RICKABAUGH, RUSSELL
Feb 2014:  bios for RICE, KEETON, GRAYUM


PREVIOUS UPDATES



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Surrounding Counties

Vinton County (north)
Meigs County (northeast)
Lawrence County (southwest)
Jackson County (northwest)
Mason County, WV (east)
Cabell County, WV (south)

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