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Miilitary History of Guernsey

[Source: "History of Guernsey County", Ohio, Vol 1 (1911) Col. Cyrus P. B. Sarchet]
Transcribed by Jeanne Hall

The part taken in the war with Mexico, from 1846 to 1848, by the citizens of Guernsey county was not great. The reason was that the county was thinly settled at that date, and for the reason that Ohio was only called upon for three regiments of troops. While many from this county intended to go, the quota for the state was made up before the companies could be raised here. Sonic, however, did enlist in other counties and served through the war. It was supposed that a large parade of soldiers would be held here on the drill grounds of the home militia company, the same to be made up from several companies front Columbus and other points, and at which time many here in Cambridge intended to offer their services, but a change was made by a sudden military order, and the parade did not come off, hence no chance was given here to enlist. There have, however, resided many soldiers who became settlers of Guernsey county, after having served from other Ohio counties.

The following is to be found in the Times for August 6. 1831:

"The Commissioned and Staff Officers of the Second Brigade, and the 15th Division of Ohio Militia, will parade in the town of Washington, on Tuesday, the 30th day of August next, at 10 o'clock A. M.-and continue under the command of the Brigadier-General, until 3 o'clock P. M., on the succeeding day-armed, uniformed and equipt as the law directs.
"By order of the Brigadier-General,
"William Skinner,
"Brigade Inspector.
"All officers will appear in white pantaloons.
"July 25th. 1831."


Without attempting to give the causes that led up to the breaking out of the Civil war-that terrible conflict between the North and South-the writer will hasten on to the pleasing task of setting forth in record form the deeds of sacrifice and valor performed by the soldieey of Guernsey county, between 1861 and 1866, that future generations may read with a just pride of the loyalty displayed by their forefathers. Considering her population and size, riming that-conflict, no county sent forth more men in defense of the flag than Guernsey, and Ohio, as is well known, outrivaled most states in the Union. So frequent were her regiments going to the front, that at one time, late in the struggle, the governor took exceptions to the letter President Lincoln wrote to New Jersey, when that state sent a regiment out. Mr. Lincoln wrote the governor of that state, and kindly thanked its people for the regiment. Ohio's war governor had never once been thanked by a personal letter from the good President, and yet the troops were constantly going forth, at his bidding, to do battle. Then Lincoln, after receiving the reprimand from the governor here, sent hint one of his characteristic communications, in which he said that he no more thought of sending a letter of thanks to Ohio than he did every morning when Mrs. Lincoln passed him a fresh cup of coffee-that he always knew he was welcome to it and that it was coming, too. This was the greatest compliment the state of Ohio could expect and was satisfied, as was her governor.
As the first soldiers were about to leave Cambridge, in 1861, the following appeared in the Jeffersonian and will, by their kindness and permission, here be quoted, for its intrinsic value in this war chapter of the county's history.

"The first company of Cambridge volunteers left this place on Tuesday morning for Columbus, there to await the orders of the President. They are a fine looking body of men, and they will no doubt 'stand by their colors 'through thick and thin.'
"We shall watch the destiny of the Cambridge Volunteers, with all the solicitude which high regard and affection can inspire, and while we shall ever hope to hear that victory and honor have perched upon their ensign, yet our highest happiness, under providence, will be to take them by the hand once more,
" 'When wild war's deadly blast has blown.'
"God bless the brave boys is the heartfelt prayer of every citizen of our town.

"Officers-Captain, James Watt Moore; first lieutenant, Charles H. Moore; second lieutenant, John T. Rainey; first sergeant, Walter Barnett; second sergeant, Alfred H. Evans; third sergeant, James Johnson; fourth sergeant, J. C. Wiser; first corporal, Moses Stockdale; second corporal, George W. Hutchison; third corporal, Dr. James Anderson.

"The following is as complete a list of names with places of residence as is now obtainable, of this volunteer company that left this place Tuesday morning. It should be carefully preserved:
Henry H. Mercer, Cambridge
David Frazier, Cambridge
John Frazier, Cambridge
John Nelson, Cambridge
John W. Meek, Cambridge
Thomas Kilburn, Knox township
James W. Moore, Guernsey county
Chas. H. Moore, Guernsey county
James Johnson, Guernsey county
William Armstrong, Cambridge
H. S. Hyatt, Zanesville
J. D. Meek, Byesville
Josiah Scott, Cambridge
John Beabout, Center township
Robert E. Stiers, Senecaville
Samuel Beadling, Cambridge
Joshua McPeek, Cambridge
Thomas Carr, Cambridge
John McKim, Guernsey county
Moses Stockdale, Antrim
W. A. Arnold, Hartford
Thomas Lindsey, Cumberland
Perry Singer, Claysville
Thomas McManaway, Cambridge
Elijah Bell, Cambridge
Andrew Waller, Washington
Isaac McBirney, Washington
W. F. Nicholson, Cumberland
Harrison Danifer, Cambridge
W. T. Frazier
C. F. Camp, Claysville
James Delong, Cambridge
George W. Hutchison, Cambridge
James McConehay, Cambridge
William Johnson, Jackson township
James Turner, Center township
Richard Bucey, Center township
William Murphy, Westland township
Joseph Allen, Cumberland
Samuel Conner, Cumberland
John Bately, Cumberland
E. M. Morrison, Kennonsburg
Joshua M. Stiers, Sewelsville
J. E. Gillett, Winchester
J. M. Anderson, Birmingham
F. M. McDowell, Cambridge
James Davis
Thompson Rose, Liberty
Samuel Shreeves, Cambridge
Thomas Temple, Liberty
Samuel Gregg, Senecaville
M. D. Starr, Claysville
R. A. Cusac, Cumberland
Isaac J. Murphy, Claysville
W. Landy, Cambridge
J. B. Barnet, Claysville
J. T. Rainey, Cambridge
W. Stewart, Gallaghers
A. H. Evans, Cambridge
George W. McKim, Cambridge
John Carter, Cambridge township
Daniel J. Buckstone, Cambridge
Nathan Downer, Cambridge
John B. Meyer, Cambridge
Alonzo Miller, Cambridge
Andrew G. Beabout, Center township
Simon Sines, Center township
James Gray, Center township
George W. Stult, Salesville
G. W. Davis, Bridgeville
Ebenezer Williams, Bridgeville
John C. Meagher, Guernsey county
John H. Murphy, Cumberland
Charles Osborn, Salesville
George Klingman, Cambridge
John Clark Wiser, Cambridge
Stout P. Wallace, Cambridge
William C. Crawford, New Concord
William Readling, Cambridge

During the Civil War there were three regular drafts for the filling up of Guernsey county quota. under the various calls for men by President Lincoln. The first was dated May 37, $864: the second was June 14th, the same year, and another June 21st. From three hundred dollars to one thousand dollars was paid as a bounty for substitutes. The following shows the drafted men by townships, the same being compiled January 31, 1865:

Wheeling township, 10;
Monroe township, 16;
Londonderry township, 21;
Washington township, 18;
Oxford township, 19;
Millwood township, 15;
Centre township, 6;
Vills township, 21;
Madison township, 8;
Jefferson township, 8;
Cambridge township, 1 ?;
Liberty township, 12;
Adams township, 9:
Knox township, 10;
Spencer township, 14;
Westland township, 6;
Richland township, 7;
Valley township, 115;
Jackson township, 3;
Total, 219.

Deputy Provost Marshal John B. Cook was shot dead in his back yard in 1865, by persons supposed to have had trouble with him over a proposed draft which they were evading. John W. Hartup and Hiram Oliver were arrested, tried before a court martial under General Ord. The trial lasted three months and the result was that the men were hung for the crime, one having confessed.

Over two thousand men entered the Union army from Guernsey county, a record to be proud of by the citizens of the county.

The principal commands in which soldiers served from Guernsey county were these: The Fifteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Sixty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Seventy-eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Ninety-seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Eighty-eighth Ohio Volunteer infantry, One Hundred and Twenty-second Ohio Volunteer infantry. One Hundred and Seventy-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, First Ohio Cavalry Regiment.

Not alone did the men of Guernsey county show their patriotism in suppressing the Rebellion from 1861 to 1865, but the work of the ladies was potent and duly appreciated by the soldiers in tent, hospital and field. In every township in this county there were societies doing their best to provide things of necessity and comfort for the men in the field. At Cambridge, the Times files of April 9, 1863, have the following item, worth preserving in this connection:

"Our society was organized February 23, 1863, and though we have been cramped for means and by reason of the high prices that prevail, yet we will struggle on and not let this society go down so long as this dreadful war continues. We wish all who have promised to contribute and have not sent their contribution in would do so at once.

"During the winter the ladies have made the following articles: Eight shirts, eight pads, four slings, forty towels, eight rolls of bandages, six eye-shades, four pair of slippers, five sheets. On March 21st we sent to the Cincinnati branch of the United States Sanitary Commission, one barrel and one box of fruits, dried fruits, jellies, wines and a half barrel of onions.

"(Signed) Sallie G. Lyons,

[Source: "History of Guernsey County", Ohio, Vol 1 (1911) Col. Cyrus P. B. Sarchet; Transcribed by Jeanne Hall]

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