Hamilton County Ohio
Melissa Elizabeth Riddle Banta
Banta, Mrs. Melissa Elizabeth Riddle, poet, born in Cheviot, a suburb of Cincinnati, O., 27th March, 1834. Her father, James Riddle, was of Scotch descent, and her mother, Elizabeth Jackson, a Quaker, was of English origin. Melissa Elizabeth is the sole daughter of the house. She attended the Wesleyan Female Institute in Cincinnati until her fourteenth year, when, on the removal of the family to Covington, Ky., she was placed in the Female Collegiate Institute of that city, where she was graduated at the age of seventeen years. The same year she made a romantic marriage with Joseph I. Perrin, of Vicksburg, Miss. The young couple lived in Vicksburg, where the bride was a teacher in the public schools. A few days after the first anniversary of the wedding day, 11th September, 1853, Mr. Perrin died of yellow fever. That was the year when the fever was epidemic in the South. Mrs. Banta's recollections of that time are vivid. Her poem, "The Gruesome Rain," embodies a grief, a regret and a hint of the horrors of that season. Mrs. Sophia Fox, hearing of her situation, sent her carriage and servants a distance of twenty-five miles to carry the young widow to her plantation at Bovina, Miss. There she remained for two months, until her parents dared to send for her. Mrs. Fox, with characteristic southern warm-heartedness, had supplied all her needs and refused all proffered remuneration on the arrival of Dr. Mount, the old family physician. After the death of Mr. Perrin, a little daughter was born, but in a few weeks she faded from her mother's arms, and the child-widow took again her place in her father's house. For the sake of an entire change of scene her father disposed of his home and business interests in Covington, temporarily, and removed to Bloomington, Ind. It was there Mrs. Perrin met David D. Banta, to whom she was married 11th June, 1856. Soon after the wedding they went to Covington, Ky., and in October, 1847, to Franklin, Ind., where they have since lived. They have a beautiful home, and this second marriage is an ideal one. Mrs. Banta is the mother of two sons and one daughter. She has been twice to Europe and has visited all the notable places in the United States. Her letters of travel are only less charming than her poetry. She inherits her literary talent from her maternal grandmother, who, though not a writer, was a highly intellectual woman. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. - Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Thomas H. Barry
BARRY, THOMAS H., Merchant and Manufacturing, Oxford [AL], son of Reese and Ann S.(Manson) Barry, natives, respectively, of Virginia and Maryland, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 4, 1836, and in that city received his education. Accompanying his mother, in 1855, he moved to San Antonio, Tex., and was there engaged in mercantile business until the outbreak of the late war. Early in the spring of 1861, he enlisted as a private soldier in Company G, Eighth Texas ("Terry's Rangers"), and remained in the service until the close of the war, participating in the battles of Woodsonville, Ky., Shiloh, Murfreesboro, and all the engagements from Chickamauga to New Hope Court House. At the latter engagement he was wounded, and fell into the hands of the enemy, but escaped while en route to Rock Island, rejoined his command, and took part in the battles around Atlanta. At Waynesboro, November 28, 1864, he was severely wounded, and from that date to the close of the war remained in hospital. Returning to Texas in 1865, he engaged at his former business, and was there until 1872, when he came to Oxford. Here he has since been, in the mercantile business, and was one of the organizers of the Barry & Draper Manufacturing Co. This company was organized in l824, and Mr. Barry has been its president from the beginning. He is also president of the Oxford Building & Loan Association, and is otherwise identified with various other industries.
Mr. Barry was married March 6, 1865, to Miss Emily F. Gray, of Georgia. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Knights of Honor, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Masonic fraternity.
The senior Mr. Barry moved to Cincinnati when he was a young man, and was engaged at steamboating the rest of his life. He died in 1840, leaving three children, to-wit: William D., Thomas H., and Caroline E. His father, Daniel Barry, was a farmer in Virginia, where he lived and died. The family came originally from Ireland, and the Mansons appear to be of French origin. [Source: "Northern Alabama - Historical and Biographical" by Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - Transcribed by Veneta McKinney]
Hon. John Bassel
Mr. Bassel, who, in life, was one of the most eminent lawyers that the Virginias have produced, was born, reared and died in the County of Harrison, born June 9, 1840, and died in the City of Clarksburg, December 28, 1914. He was educated at Moore's Academy at Morgantown, Virginia, where he spent two years; later he entered Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with honor; read law in the office of the late John J. Davis for one year; later he was a student in law in the Cincinnati College of Law, from which he graduated and was admitted to practice in the Courts of Harrison County, January 8, 1864. He was noted for his diligence, mental acuteness, and power of analysis; hence it was not long until he received recognition as an attorney, and his success was, therefore, early assured. He ranked among the able lawyers of his day, always conducting his cases with admirable effectiveness and superior judgment. He had a comprehensive and accurate knowledge of the law, and never failed to exalt his profession in which it was his ambition to excel, and lamented the tendency, in later years, to lower its ideals. He never failed to keep in mind the advice of Lord Coke, that, "He that knoweth not the reason of the law, knoweth not the law." At the trial of causes he was alert, adroit and untiring. In the argument of cases he reasoned well and convincingly. He was a dangerous opponent in debate, but was never spectacular nor offensive. He possessed a remarkably retentive memory and could cite cases with marvelous precision. He was always a student, and remembered what he read, and his mind was accordingly stored and enriched not only by a knowledge of the law itself, but by the history of events culled from the classics and from profane and sacred writers as well, which he often used with telling effect in his arguments before courts and juries.
Mr. Bassel was twice married, first to Miss Martha Lewis, by whom he had six children, and second to Miss Mary Bean, who survived him and is still a resident of Clarksburg. She is a woman of marked ability, and was a valuable assistant to her husband in aiding him in the management of his large volume of business which was a burden to him in his declining years.
Mr. Bassel was a Democrat, but devoted very little time and thought to politics. The first and only office, to which he was ever elected by the people, was a member of the State Convention that prepared the Constitution of the State in 1872, under which we are still living. In that body of distinguished men, he took high rank, because of his thorough knowledge of the law.
He was for many years counsel for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, and gave to its affairs the most careful and assiduous attention.
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, was domestic in his tastes and habits, enjoyed associations with his friends, and in his intercourse with members of the Bar, he was ever courteous, kind and considerate. He was president of the State Bar Association in 1901, and was a faithful attendant upon its annual meetings. The association was in session at Parkersburg the day of his demise, and twenty of its members, as a mark of respect, were appointed to attend his funeral. ["Bench and Bar of West Virginia" by George Wesley Atkinson, 1919 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Bateman, Isabel, actor, born near Cincinnati, Ohio, 28th December, 1854. Her family removed to England in 1863, and she first played a juvenile part in 1865 in her sister Kate's farewell benefit at Her Majesty's Theater. She began active theatrical work in 1869. She took leading parts with Henry Irving for six years. She has been very successful in many leading roles. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Louis Agricola Bauer
Bauer, Louis Agricola, educator, scientist and author of Washington.D.C., was born Jan. 26, 1865, in Cincinnati. Ohio. He has been president of the Philosophical society of Washington. He was editor-in-chief of Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospherical Electricity. He is the author of numerous scientific monographs. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Mrs. Emma Beckwith
Beckwith, Mrs. Emma, woman suffragist, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 4th December, 1849. Her maiden name was Knight. She graduated at the age of seventeen years from the high school in Toledo, Ohio, whither her parents went when she was four years old. At the age of nineteen years she was married to Edwin Beckwith, of Mentor, Ohio. After residing in Pleasantville, Iowa, a number of years, they removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. Her sympathies with women have always been on the alert. Upon locating in the East she began to put to practical use her knowledge of bookkeeping, after obtaining the permission of the owner of a building in Nassau street, New York, by promising to be good and not demoralize the men. She began work in April, 1879. She was the pioneer woman bookkeeper in that part of the city, and established a reputation for modesty and uprightness that has helped many another to a like position. Her business education of five years' duration gave her an insight into many matters not general among women. Since leaving business life she has urged young women to become self-supporting. Disgusted with the vast amount of talk and so little practical work among the advocates of woman suffrage, she felt that Mrs. Belva A. Lock wood had struck the key-note when she became a candidate for the presidency of the United States. Her ambition was aroused to the point of emulation; hence her candidacy for the mayoralty of Brooklyn. The campaign of ten days' duration, with but two public meetings, resulted in her receiving fifty votes regularly counted, and many more thrown out among the scattering, before the New York "Tribune" made a demand for her vote. Mrs. Beckwith has compiled many incidents relating to that novel campaign in a lecture. She has entered the lecture field and is an able and entertaining speaker, enlivening her earnestness with bright, witty savings. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Miss Catherine Esther Beecher
Beecher, Miss Catherine Esther, author and educator, born in East Hampton, L. I., 6th September, 1800, died in Elmira, N. Y., 12th May, 1878. Catherine was the oldest child of Lyman Beecher and Roxana Foote Beecher, and the first nine years of her life were spent in the place of her nativity, where she enjoyed the teaching of a loving mother and a devoted aunt, the latter of whom was a woman of great beauty, elegance and refinement, and to whose early instructions Miss Beecher often recurred as having a strong and lasting influence upon her life. In her ninth year Catherine removed with her parents to Litchfield, Conn. There, in the female seminary, under the care of Miss Sarah Pearse, Miss Beecher began her career as a school-girl. Her poetical effusions, mostly in a humorous vein, were handed about among her school-mates and friends to be admired by all. As the oldest of the family, her mother's death, when she was sixteen, brought upon her the cares and responsibilities of a large family. Her father married again, and the parsonage became the center of a cultivated circle of society, where music, painting and poetry combined to lend a charm to existence. Parties were formed for reading, and it was that fact which led Miss Beecher again to take up her pen, in order to lend variety to the meetings. Miss Beecher was a frequent contributor to the "Christian Spectator," a monthly magazine of literature and theology, under the initials "C. D. D." Those poems attracted the attention of a young professor of mathematics in Yale College, Alexander M. Fisher, who in due time became her betrothed husband. He went to Europe and never returned, having perished in a storm which struck the vessel off the coast of Ireland. For a time Miss Beecher could see no light through the clouds which overshadowed her. She was sent to Yale, in the hope that the companionship of Prof. Fisher's relatives might have a beneficial effect upon the stricken mind. There she was induced to begin the study of mathematics under the guidance of Willard Fisher, a brother of her late lover. Going back to Litchfield, she united with her father's church, and resolved to let insoluble problems alone and to follow Christ. Shortly after that, Miss Beecher, in conjunction with her sister, opened a select school in Hartford, Conn. In four years' time there was not room for the scholars who applied for admittance. She had always enjoyed the friendship of the leading women of Hartford, and when she began to agitate the subject of a female seminary in that town, it was through their influence that the prominent men of Hartford subscribed the money to purchase the land and erect the buildings of the Hartford Female Seminary. With Miss Beecher as principal and a band of eight teachers of her selection, the school grew rapidly in influence and popularity. Her "Suggestions on Education" was widely read and drew attention to the Hartford Seminary from all parts of the United States. In her school of between one and two hundred pupils, she planned the course of study, guided the teachers, overlooked the boarding-houses and corresponded with parents and guardians. She yet found time to prepare an arithmetic, which was printed and used as a text-book in her school and those emanating from it. About that time the teacher in mental philosophy left the institution, and Miss Beecher not only took charge of that department, but wrote a textbook for it of some four or five hundred pages. After seven years of incessant activity her health gave out, and she was obliged to relinquish the school into other hands. Shortly after that the family removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, and, in connection with a younger sister, Miss Beecher commenced a school in that city, in which the teaching was all done by instructors of her own training. Her later years she devoted to authorship. "Domestic Economy" (1845) was a text-book for schools. Among the works that followed were "Duty of American Women to Their Country" (1845), "Domestic Receipt Book" (1846), "Letters to the People" (1855), "Physiology and Calisthenics" (1856), "Common Sense Applied to Religion" (1857), "The Religious Training of Children " (1864), " The Housekeeper and Healthkeeper" (1873). Her activity of mind and her zeal in education continued to the last. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Rev. L. W Berry
Berry, Rev. L. W,, Cincinnati, O., July 23, ae. 43. Dr. B. was born in Alburgh, Vt., in 1815. He entered the travelling connection, in the Ohio Conference, at the age of 18. He succeeded Dr. Simpson in the presidency of the Indiana Asbury University in 1848. After remaining for about six years in charge of this institution, he accepted the presidency of the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mount Pleasant. He remained in connection with this institution for about three years. In the summer of 1857 he resigned his place at Mount Pleasant, and took charge of a new college enterprise in Missouri. He labored with all that zeal and energy for which he has always been noted to build up the Jefferson City University. [Source: "Annual Obituary Notices of Eminent Persons who have died in the United States for 1858" by Hon. Nathan Crosby; John P. Jewett and Co., pub. 1859.]
Mrs. Eva Best
Best, Mrs. Eva, author, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 19th December, 1851. She is a daughter of the late John Insco Williams and Mrs. Mary Williams, now of Chicago, Ill. Her father was an artist and painted the first bible panorama ever exhibited in the United States. Her mother is also an artist of merit and a writer of excellent verse and prose. The daughter inherits the talents of both parents. In 1869 she was married to William H. Best, of Dayton, Ohio, and her home is now in that city. Mrs. Best began her literary career as a poet. Her first short story appeared in one of the Frank Leslie periodicals. That was followed by stories in other publications. In 1882 her services were sought by the editor of the Detroit "Free Press," and now Mrs. Best is editor .of the household department of that paper. She is also a regular contributor to A. N. Kellogg's Newspaper Company and has written several dramas. The first, "An American Princess." is now in its sixth season. A comedy drama, "Sands of Egypt," is in the hands of Miss Elizabeth Marbury, of New York. " A Rhine Crystal " is being used by Miss Floy Crowell, a young New England artist, and her other plays, " The Little Banshee" and "Gemini," the former in Irish dialect, the latter a two-part character piece, were written for Miss Jennie Calef. In all these plays the music, dances, ballads and all incidental scores are distinctively original. A number of ballads have also added to the author's fame. She has devoted some attention to art. She has two children, a son and a daughter, and the latter is already an artist of some reputation. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Miss Elizabeth Blackwell
Blackwell, Miss Elizabeth, physician and author, born in Bristol, England, 3rd February, 1821. Her father, Samuel Blackwell, was a wealthy sugar refiner, a man of broad views and strong benevolence. At the political crisis of 1830-31 commercial affairs in England were thrown into confusion, and Mr. Blackwell was among those whose fortunes were swept away at that time. He removed with his family to the United States in August, 1832, and settled in New York, where he started a sugar refinery. He was rapidly amassing wealth when the financial crash of 1837 in the United States swept away his fortune through the wreckage of the weaker houses with which he had business relations. He turned his eyes to the West, and in 1838 removed his family to Cincinnati, Ohio. There he was stricken by fever and died at the age of forty-five years, leaving a family of nine children to their own resources among strangers. Every cent of indebtedness left by the father was paid by his children. The three older daughters, of whom Elizabeth was the third, placed themselves at once at the head of the family. Two sons in school left their studies and took clerkships. The four younger ones were still in the nursery. The older sisters opened a boarding school for young women, and their liberal culture and enterprise won them a large patronage. The sisters felt the restrictions placed upon women in the matter of earning a livelihood, and they became convinced that the enlargement of opportunities for women was the one essential condition of their well-being in every way. After six years of hard work, when all the younger members of the family had been placed in positions to support themselves, the sisters gave up the school. Elizabeth resolved to study medicine, although she had to overcome a natural aversion to sickness of all kinds She wrote to six different physicians for advice, and all agreed that it was impossible for a woman to get a medical education. She thought differently, however, and in 1844 she took charge of a Kentucky school to earn money for her expenses. In 1845 she went to Charleston, S. C., to teach music in a boarding-school, and there added a good knowledge of Latin to her French and German. There she entered the office-student class of Dr. Samuel Henry Dickson. In May, 1847, she applied for admission to the Philadelphia Medical School, but both college and hospital were closed to her. She applied to all the medical schools in the United States, and twelve of them rejected her application and rebuked her for temerity and indelicacy. The college faculty in Geneva, N. Y., and that in Castleton, Vt., considered her application, and the students in Geneva decided to favor her admission. In 1847 she entered the college as 'No. 417" on the register. In January, 1849, she was graduated with the Geneva class. A large audience witnessed the granting of the first medical diploma to a woman. Immediately after graduation, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell went to Paris, France, where, after months of delay, she was admitted to the great lying-in hospital of the Maternity as a resident pupil, and several other schools permitted her to visit. She also studied under able private tutors. In 1850 and 1851 she "walked" St. Bartholomew's hospital in London, England, studying in the Women's Hospital and under private teachers. She returned to the United States and in the autumn of 1851 she opened an office in New York City. She succeeded in building up a large practice, in spite of social and professional antagonism and ostracism. The Society of Friends were the first to receive her warmly and support the new movement, and she soon became known as a reliable physician. In 1853, with her sister, Dr. Emily Blackwell, she established in New York the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, which was incorporated and was for some years the only woman's hospital. In 1858 and 1859 she visited England and lectured in London, Birmingham and Liverpool on the connection of women with medicine. In 1859 she was placed on the register of English physicians. Returning to America, she entered with the warmest interest into the questions of the Civil War, and the sisters organized in the parlors of the Infirmary the Ladies' Central Relief Association, sending off the first supplies to the wounded. That association was soon merged in the Sanitary Commission, in which the sisters continued to take an active part. In 1869 Dr. Elizabeth lectured in the Medical College of the New York Infirmary, which had been chartered as a college in 1865. At the close of 1869 she went to England and settled in London, where she practiced for some years. There she founded the National Health Society and worked in a number of social reforms. She aided in organizing the London School of Medicine for Women, in which she served as the first lecturer on the diseases of women. In 1878, after a serious illness, she settled in Hastings, England, continuing her consultation practice only and working energetically for the repeal of the unjust Contagious Diseases Acts. Up to the present time she has continued to work actively for the promotion of equal standards of morality for men and women. Of late she has become an active opponent of vivisection, regarding it as an intellectual fallacy, misleading research and producing moral injury. She gives close attention to municipal affairs, as she feels the responsibility involved in the possession of a vote, which she possesses as a householder of Hastings. She knows in advanced age no diminution of her zeal for right over wrong. In addition to her long and arduous labors as a teacher, as a student and as the pioneer woman physician, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell has been a prolific author. Naturally, her works lie in the field of her profession. Between 1852 and 1891 she wrote the following important medical and scientific works: "The Laws of Life in Relation to the Physical Education of Girls," "How to Keep a Household in Health," "The Moral Education of the Young in Relation to Sex," "Wrong and Right Methods of Dealing with the Social Evil," " Christian Socialism," "The Human Element in Sex," "The Corruption of New Malthusianism," "The Purchase of Women a Great Economic Blunder," "The Decay of Municipal Representative Government," "The Influence of Women in the Medical Profession," "Erroneous Methods in Medical Education," and "Lessons Taught by the International Hygienic Conference." Besides these are to be counted her numerous lectures, addresses and pamphlets on many branches of her profession. She is a woman of unbending will and a courage that never recognized defeat as possible. She opened the gate to the medical profession for women in the United States, in France and in Great Britain, and she has lived to see that profession made as easily accessible to women as to men. Dr. Blackwell is a profound thinker, a clear and logical reasoner, and a scientific controversialist of eminent ability. Her career, her achievements, her literary and scientific productions, and her work as a practicing physician make her a standing refutation of the easy-going assumption that women have neither the endurance, nor the intellect, nor the judgment, nor the requisites to serve in the medical profession. She owns a house in Hastings, England, where she resides, with an office in London for occasional work. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
MISS SARAH ELLEN BLACKWELL
Blackwell, Miss Sarah Ellen, artist and author, the youngest daughter of Samuel and Hannah Lane Blackwell, born in Bristol, England, in 1828. She came to America with her parents at four years of age. Her father dying shortly afterwards, she was educated by her older sisters in Cincinnati, Ohio. She began to teach music at a very early age, while pursuing her studies. When nineteen years old, she went to Philadelphia to pursue the study of art in the newly opened School of Design, and while there received her first literary encouragement. "Sartain's Magazine" having advertised for ten prize stories, to be sent in under fictitious names, Miss Blackwell sent in a story of her own under the name "Brandon," and another by one of her sisters that happened to be in her possession. She received an award of two out of the ten prizes. That led to further literary work. Concluding to continue the study of art in Europe, she secured an engagement for weekly letters for two leading Philadelphia papers. Sue spent four years in Europe. She entered the government school of design for girls in Paris, then under the care of Rosa Bonheur and her sister, Mme. Julie Peyrol, and afterwards entered the studio of Mr. Leigh in London, and painted in the National Gallery, spending the summer on sketching from nature in Wales, Switzerland and the Isle of Wight. Returning to New York, she opened a studio and established classes in drawing and painting, but finally gave up her studio to assist her sisters, the Doctors Blackwell, then greatly burdened with work connected with the New York infirmary for Women and Children, and the medical college established by them. For several years she was occupied with domestic duties and the care of children in whom she was interested. As these duties lightened, she resumed artistic and literary work, writing occasional articles for magazines and newspapers and republishing the writings of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, then in England. A series of letters written by her for the "Woman's Journal," of Boston, concerning Miss Anna Ella Carroll, author of the plan of the Tennessee campaign, having excited much interest, it was followed by an open letter on the same subject published in the "Century" for August, 1890. That increased the interest, and in the Woman's Council and suffrage meetings in the early spring of 1891, in Washington, D. C., a large number of subscribers were obtained, and Miss Blackwell was deputed to write a biography of Miss Carroll and an account of her remarkable work. After careful research, she printed, 21st April, 1891, the biography and sketch entitled "A Military Genius: Life of Anna Ella Carroll, the Great Unrecognized Member of Lincoln's Cabinet." Miss Blackwell spends her summers in an old farm-house at Martha's Vineyard, and her winters in New York or Washington, engaged in literary work. Her especial subjects of interest are land and labor reform, woman's suffrage and anti-vivisection, sympathizing as she does with Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell in her opposition to all cruel and demoralizing practices. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
J. E. Bloom
J. E. BLOOM; professor Military Science and Commandant Cadets, 1876-1877. Graduate U. S. Military Academy, West Point; Graduate Cincinnati Law College, 1887; Captain and Assistant Adjutant Volunteers, U. S. A. [University of Tennessee record, Volume 1 By University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1898 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Miss Rachel L. Bodley
Bodley, Miss Rachel L., scientist and doctor of medicine, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 7th December, 1831. Her parents were Anthony R. and Rebecca W. Talbot Bodley, who settled in Cincinnati in 1817. Her paternal ancestry was Scotch-Irish. The American head of the family, Thomas Bodley, came from the north of Ireland early in the eighteenth century. His wife was Eliza Knox, of Edinburgh, Scotland. Her maternal ancestry runs back to John Talbot, an English Friend, who settled in Virginia. Rachel was the oldest daughter and the third child in a family of five. Her mother taught a private school, in which Rachel studied until she was twelve years old. She entered the Wesleyan Female College in Cincinnati in 1844, only two years after the opening of that institution, which was the first chartered college for women in the world. She was graduated in 1849, and in 1860 she was made preceptress in the higher collegiate studies. Dissatisfied with her own attainments, she went to Philadelphia, Pa., and entered the Polytechnic College as a special student in physics and chemistry. After two years of study she returned to Cincinnati and was made professor of natural sciences in the Cincinnati Female Seminary, which chair she filled for three years. While there she distinguished herself by classifying the extensive collection of specimens in natural history bequeathed to the seminary by Joseph Clark. Her work on that collection is crystallized in a catalogue that was recognized by Asa Gray, the eminent botanist, as a valuable contribution to science. In 1867 and 1868 she gave a series of important lectures on cryptogamous plants of land and sea. In 1865 she was elected to the chair of chemistry and toxicology in the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, being the first woman professor of chemistry on record. In 1874 she was elected dean of the faculty, and she held both of those positions until her death. She was called to the deanship while the college building was being erected. Among her many achievements was the collection of facts in reference to the success of the graduates of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania in their professional work. That work was entitled "The College Story.'' The graduates were at that time practicing in Utah, Manitoba, India, China and European lands, and in every state in the Union. Their replies to the questions she sent them showed an unbroken line of success. Dr. Bodley received many honors in recognition of her contributions to science and literature. In 1864 she was made corresponding member of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. In 1871 she was elected a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and in that year the degree of A. M. was conferred upon her by her alma mater in Cincinnati. That college, up to that time, had never given a degree to any of its alumnae subsequent to the degree of A. B. at graduation. Dr. Bodley was one of the first three to receive that honor. In 1873 she was elected a corresponding member of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History. In 1876 she was elected a corresponding member of the New York Academy of Sciences and a member of the American Chemical Society of New York. She was elected first vice-president of the meeting called in 1874 to celebrate the centennial of chemistry, the month of August in that year being the date chosen in honor of the discovery of oxygen by Dr. Joseph Priestly in 1774. At Dr. Bodley's suggestion the meeting was held in Northumberland, where Dr. Priestly is buried. In 1879 the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania conferred upon her the honorary degree of M. D. In 1880 she was made a member of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia, and she delivered a course of lectures on "Household Chemistry" in the regular course of the Institute. In 1882 she was chosen a member of the Educational Society of Philadelphia, and in the same year was elected school director of the twenty-ninth school section, in which office she served until 1885. She was again elected to that position, and served until she died, 15th June, 1888. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies, Volume 1, Publ. 1897. Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Orland A. Borden
BORDEN, Orland A., president Borden Varnish Co.; born, near Cincinnati, Feb. 17, 1870; son of Thomas L. and Marinda E. (Dunn) Borden; Reared on farm; educated in public schools and at the Gem City Business College, Quincy, ILL.; married, St. Louis, Sept. 14, 1904, Blanche L. Voelker; children: Ralph Maheu, Dorothy E. When seventeen years of age came to St. Louis; attended night schools and did odd jobs for more than two years; kept books for George A. Kennedy, Sardinia, O., 1890-91; after completing course in business college entered employ of Union Central Life Insurance Co. of Cincinnati, 1892; resigned, 1897, and wrote life and accident insurance for one year for Etna Life Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn.; engaged with the Glidden Varnish Co., 1899, as city salesman for St. Louis, and was given full charge of branch warehouse in 1901, so continuing until August, 1909; since president Borden Varnish Co. Republican. Presbyterian. Mason. Office: 816 S. Vandeventer Ave. Residence: 5006 Bartmer Ave. [Source: "The Book of St. Louisans", Publ. 1912. Transcribed by Charlotte Slater]
George Halsted Boyland
Boyland, George Halsted, physician and author of Cincinnati, Ohio, was born Jan. 19, 1845, in Cincinnati, Ohio. During the FrancoPrussian war of 1870-71 he served in the surgical corps of the French army. He is the author of Six Months Under the Red Cross With the French Army. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Edward Payson Bradstreet
Bradstreet, Edward Payson, lawyer and jurist of Cincinnati, Ohio, was born June 5, 1830, in Huron county, Ohio. He has been president of the Cincinnati workhouse commission; and has been common pleas judge. Bradstreet, George Flint, capitalist of 67 Milk st., Boston, Mass., was Imrn April 3. 1854, in Bradford, Mass. He is president of the George F. Bradstreet company. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Mrs. Alice Williams Brotherton
Brotherton, Mrs. Alice Williams, author, born in Cambridge, Ind. Her family is of Welsh and English descent, with six generations on American soil. Her father resided in Cincinnati, Ohio, and afterward in St. Louis, Mo., then in Cambridge, Ind., and again settled in Cincinnati. She was educated mainly in the St. Louis and Cincinnati public schools, graduating in 1870 from Woodward high school, Cincinnati. In October, 1876, she was married to William Ernest Brotherton. Since then she has resided in Cincinnati. Two children, a boy and a girl, compose her family. Her oldest son, a bright boy of eleven, died in 1890. Living from her birth in an atmosphere of books, she was early trained by her mother in careful habits of composition. Her first appearance in print was in 1872. Her specialty is poetry, but she has written considerable prose in the form of essays, reviews and children's stories. From the first her success, in a pecuniary way, has been marked. Writing only when the spirit moves, in the spare moments of a busy home life, she has contributed at intervals to a variety of periodicals, the "Century," the "Atlantic," "Scribner's Monthly," the "Aldine," the "Independent," and various religious journals. Her booklet, "Beyond the Veil" (Chicago, 1886), was followed by "The Sailing of King Olaf and Other Poems" (Chicago, 1887), and by a volume of prose and verse for children, entitled "What the Wind Told the Tree-Tops" (New York, 1887). Her work shows a wide range of feeling and a deep insight into varying phases of life. Many of her poems have been set to music in this country and in England. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies Vol 1 Publ. 1897 - Transcribed by Marla Snow]
Buchanan, Virginia, actress of Cincinnati, Ohio, was born in 1846, in Cincinnati, Ohio. She has attained national fame as an actress in various roles. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Jirah Dewey Buck
Buck, Jirah Dewey, physician and author of Cincinnati, Ohio, was born Nov. 20, 1838, in Fredonia, N.Y. He has been president of the American institute of homoeopathy. He is the author of Study of Man and other works. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Lucius Halen Bugbee
Bugbee, Lucius Halen, educator and college president of Meadville, Pa., was born Nov. 25, 1830, in Gowanda, N.Y. In 1868-75 he was president of the Cincinnati Wesleyan college. He has been president of the Allegheny college at Meadville, Pa. [Source: "Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography" by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association, 1914 - TK - Sub by FoFG]
Mrs. Mary Towne Burt
Burt, Mrs. Mary Towne, temperance reformer, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, of English-American parentage. Her father, Thomas Towne, was educated in England for the ministry. After the death of her father, which occurred in her early childhood, her mother removed with her three children to Auburn, N. Y., where Mrs. Burt received a liberal education, passing through the public schools and the Auburn Young Ladies' Institute. Four years after leaving school she became the wife of Edward Burt, of Auburn. When the crusade opened, in 1873, Mrs. Burt began her work for temperance, which has continued without intermission, with the exception of seven months spent in the sick room of her sister, Mrs. Pomeroy. So deeply was she stirred by the crusade that on 24th March, 1874, she addressed a great audience in the Auburn Opera House on temperance. Immediately after that, Mrs. Burt was elected president of the Auburn Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and served for two years. She was a delegate to the first national convention held in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874, was one of the secretaries of that body, and in the next national convention, in Cincinnati, Ohio, was elected assistant recording secretary. In the year 1876, in the Newark, N. J., national convention, she was elected a member of the publishing committee of the "Woman's Temperance Union," the first official organ of the National union. She was afterwards made chairman of that committee and publisher of the paper. During the year 1877 she served as managing editor. At her suggestion the name "Our Union" was given to the paper, a name which it held until its consolidation with the "Signal," of Chicago, when it took the name of the "Union Signal." In Chicago, in 1877, she was elected corresponding secretary of the National Union, which office she held for three years, and during that term of office she opened the first headquarters of the National union in the Bible House, New York City. In 1882 she was elected president of the New York State Union, a position which she still holds. During the years of her presidency the State union has increased from five-thousand to twenty-one-thousand members and from 179 to 842 local unions, and in work, membership and organization stands at the head of the forty-four States of the National union. Mrs. Burt, with her husband and son, resides in New York. She is a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. [Source: American Women Fifteen Hundred Biographies Vol 1 Publ. 1897 - Transcribed by Marla Snow]