Hocking County Ohio
The Civil War

Veterans, Widows and Orphans

The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home

By the war's end, several families were living in county infirmities under deplorable conditions. Outraged, Civil War Veterans began contacting government officials, demanding that something be done to help the families of the fallen soldiers. Money had been collected from taxes levied during the Civil War to care for the dependents of soldiers, but the government mishandled the money.  Eventually, the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), a federation the veterans formed after the close of the Civil War to foster comradeship, financed the purchase of a home for veteran's orphans in the city of Xenia. 

A temporary location was established in town, and 100 acres of farmland south/southeast of town were purchased for the permanent location. Children began arriving at the home in December 1869, and in August of 1870, they moved to the farm.  Originally, the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home provided Ohio children who lost their father in the American Civil War with a place to live. Eventually, the State of Ohio opened this institution to orphans of all military conflicts and the children of all veterans, including ones who had not died on the battlefield. In some cases, the children had not lost their parents. Due to financial difficulties, a veteran and/or his spouse might leave their children at the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home in the care of the State of Ohio.  Between 1870 and 1901, the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home could not accept all of the children seeking assistance.  Before it closed in 1997, more than 13,500 children were cared for and educated at the OSSO/OVCH.

Children at the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home received a traditional education, as well as training in various occupations. The boys also received some military training and several of them later joined the armed forces. In 1901, the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home was the largest institution of its kind in the world. The children lived in cottages, with between forty to fifty children in each building. In later years, the home housed only fifteen children in each cottage.  In 1978, the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home became known as the Ohio Veterans' Children's Home.   In 1997, the Ohio Veterans' Children's Home ceased operation.

Mathias Jewell  
 
Residence: Soldiers Home, Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH
Military Service:
80th OVI, Co I
Wife's Name: Jane Jewell
Residence: Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH

Child's Name: Jewell, Hattie Bell (Reference Number: 1642)
Child's Residence: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 03 Sep 1872
Child's Custody / Guardian: William Jewell, Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 11 Oct 1880

Child's Name: Jewell, Arminda J. (Reference Number: 1639)
Child's Residence: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 25 Jun 1868
Child's Birthplace: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: William Jewell, Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 11 Oct 1880

Child's Name: Jewell, U. S. Grant (Reference Number: 1643)
Child's Residence: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 15 Dec 1870
Child's Birthplace: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: William Jewell, Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 11 Oct 1880

Child's Name: Jewell, Wm. Sherman (Reference Number: 1644)
Child's Residence: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 19 Oct 1874
Child's Birthplace: Benton Twp., Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: William Jewell, Dayton, Montgomery Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 11 Oct 1880

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

Brazil B. Biggins

Military Service: 63rd OVI, Co B
Death Date: 05 Jun 1877
Location Death: Monday, Hocking Co., OH
Wife:  Mary C. Biggins Aubrey
Mother's Death Date: Unknown, deceased at time of application

Child's Name:  Biggins, George W. (Reference Number: 0250)
Child's Residence: Carbon Hill, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 19 Jul 1874
Child's Birthplace: Nelsonville, Athens Co., OH
Pension Information: Child $23/quarter
Father's Military Discharge: Yes, date unknown
Child's Custody / Guardian: David S. Aubrey, Carbon Hill, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 23 Jul 1886

Child's Name:  Biggins, Charles W./John W. (Reference Number: 0249)
Child's Residence: Carbon Hill, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 19 Jul 1874
Child's Birthplace: Nelsonville, Athens Co., OH
Pension Information: Child $23/quarter
Notes: Child's first name listed as Charles W. on one side of application and John W. on other side.
Child's Custody / Guardian:  David S. Aubrey, Carbon Hill, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 23 Jul 1886

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)  

George Cook

Military Service: 46th OVI, Co F
Death Date: 17 Nov 1884
Death: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Military Discharge: Yes, date unknown
Wife's Name Not stated
Wife's Death Date: Unknown, deceased at time of application

Child's Name: Cook, Albert Case ( Reference Number: 0650)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 11 Oct 1881
Child's Birthplace: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Pension Information: Child $2/month
Child's Custody / Guardian: Margaret Case (grandmother), Logan, OH
OSSO Application Date: 28 Aug 1896
Other Notes: Attachment gives mother's name as Mary Eliza Case Cook
Child's Name:

Child's Name: Cook, Lewis Green (Reference Number: 0655)
Child's Residence: Market Street, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 04 Sep 1872
Child's Birthplace: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Pension Information: No
Child's Custody / Guardian: Margaret Case, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 10 Nov 1885

Child's Name: Cook, William Bell (Reference Number: 0659)
Child's Residence: Market Street, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 05 Mar 1877
Child's Birthplace: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Pension Information: No 
Child's Custody / Guardian: Margaret Case, Logan OH
OSSO Application Date: 10 Nov 1885

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

John Jones
 
Military Service:
10th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry, Co G
Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Occupation: Blacksmith
Disability: Rheumatism left leg, left arm partially paralyzed
Pension Information: Father $24/month
Military Discharge: Yes, date unknown 
Wife's Name: Sarah Jones
Wife's Death Date: Unknown, deceased at time of application
Child's Name: Jones, Harry    (Reference Number: 1692)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 02 Nov 1882
Child's Birthplace: Laurelville, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 05 Feb 1892
Other Notes: Discharged from Home 15 Oct 1898 with a trade of tinning (age 16)
Child's Name: Jones, Ella    (Reference Number: 1689)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 04 Oct 1880
Child's Birthplace: New Salem, Fairfield Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 05 Feb 1892
Other Notes: Discharged from Home 25 Jun 1897 with trade of tailor
 
(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

Gottfried Kley

Military Service: 17th OVI, Co D
Death Date: 30 Apr 1881
Location Death:  Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Cause of Death: Consumption
Wife's Name:  Anna Kley
Wife's Residence:  Hamilton, Butler Co., OH

Child's Name:   Kley, William  (Reference Number: 1807)
Child's Residence:  Hamilton, Butler Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 26 Jul 1875
Child's Birthplace:  Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH
Pension Information:  Mother $8/month; child $2/month
Father's Military Discharge:  Yes, date unknown
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 19 Feb 1886

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

 Charles C. Taylor


Military Service:  1st Ohio Cavalry, Company H
Death Date: 25 Feb 1883
Death Location: Logan, Hocking Co., OH 
Wife's Name: Mary E. Taylor
Wife's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Wife's Death Date: Alive at time of application
Pension Information: Mother $8/month; child $2/month

Child's Name: Taylor, Roberta Pearl (Reference Number: 3323)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 28 Apr 1876
Child's Birthplace: Chillicothe, Ross Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 14 Aug 1889

Child's Name: Taylor, Charles Albert (Reference Number: 3312)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 17 Feb 1880
Child's Birthplace: Chillicothe, Ross Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 14 Aug 1889

Child's Name: Taylor, Frank W. (Reference Number: 3314)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 14 Jun 1883
Child's Birthplace: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 14 Aug 1889

Child's Name: Taylor, Robert Edward (Reference Number: 3322)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 01 May 1870
Child's Birthplace: Paris, Edgar Co., IL
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 13 Mar 1883
Other Notes: Address for Mrs. R. E. Taylor,
R.F.D. #2, Worthington, OH dated 01 Nov 1938.

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

Charles H. Thornton

Military Service: 17th OVI, Company A
Father's Military Discharge: Yes, date unknown
Death Date: Alive at time of application
Occupation: Carpenter
Pension Information: Father $8/month
Wife's Name: Susie Thornton
Wife's Residence: Spring Street, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Wife's Death Date: Alive at time of application
 
Child's Name: Thornton, Emma F. (Reference Number: 3352)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 23 Jan 1893
Child's Birthplace: Logan, Hocking Co., OH 
Child's Custody / Guardian: May Russell, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 18 May 1895
 
Child's Name: Thornton, Foraker (Reference Number: 3353)
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 27 May 1888
Child's Birthplace: Bloomingville, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 28 Jun 1894
 
Child's Name: Thornton, Minnie G. (Reference Number: 3354) 
Child's Residence: Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 29 Oct 1890
Child's Birthplace: South Bloomingville, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Childrens Home, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
OSSO Application Date: 18 May 1895

Child's Name: Thornton, Myrtle (Reference Number: 3355)
Child's Residence: Spring Street, Logan, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Birthdate: 06 Mar 1886
Child's Birthplace: Bloomingville, Hocking Co., OH
Child's Custody / Guardian: Mother
OSSO Application Date: 28 Jun 1894

(Info - The Ohio Soldier’s & Sailor’s Orphans’ Home)

National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers

In 1862 the U.S. Sanitary Commission proposed that a national home be established for soldiers who had served their country during times of war. On March 3, 1865, Congress passed an act establishing a National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers. It was one of the last bills signed by President Lincoln. 

Initially called the National Asylum for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, the name was later changed to the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers because of the negative connotation of the word "asylum."

It was constructed in part using lumber recycled from the nearby Camp Chase where Confederate POWs had been confined.

 

Camp Chase Civil War P.O.W. Camp, Columbus, OH

Requirements for admission were that soldiers had been honorably discharged from military service and that they had contracted their disabilities during the war. Men admitted themselves to the home voluntarily and could request a discharge.

National focus was placed on the hospital, which opened in 1870 and was widely regarded as the best hospital in the United States at that time. The campus became a popular tourist destination with accommodations that included a hotel and restaurant and attractions that included animal exhibits

When a soldier died, a funeral escort followed the flag draped casket. The Home Band played a solemn requiem, and the firing party discharged three volleys over his grave. The graves were marked with neat head-boards painted white.

Since its beginning, Dayton's cemetery has grown to 110 acres and it contains the remains of veterans from the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Spanish American War, and all 20th century military conflicts.


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