Jefferson County, Ohio
Elias Campbell and Rachel Wellington were married at Bladensburg, Ohio, July 9, 1864. He is a native of Gallia county, born January 24, 1835; his wife was born July 11, 1846, in Jefferson county, Ohio. They have two children: James, born June 10, 1865, and Ella, November 22, 1869. Elias Campbell is a son of George and Cassa Campbell, settlers of this county in 1806. The parents of Mrs. Campbell are John and Mary E. (Jarvis) Wellington, who came to this county in 1858. Mr. Campbell is a cooper and farmer, his farm being located in Ohio township. His postoffice address is Eureka, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
WPA in Ohio, Federal Writers' Project
Topic: Ex-Slavery, Jefferson Co, District #2
FLEMING CLARK, Ex-Slave, 74+ in years
My father's name wuz Fleming Clark and my mother's name wuz Emmaline Clark. Both of dem wuz in slavery. Der massa's name wuz David Bowers. I don't know where dey cum from but dey moved to Bad Creek after slavery days.
Der wuz three of us chillun. Charles, de oldest, den Anthony next and den me, de youngest. I wuz workin' for a white man and wuz old enough to drive cows and work in de 'bacco fields, pickin' worms off de leaves. De other brudders worked wid my father on another plantation. De house where I lived wid de white Massa Lewis Northsinge and his Missus, wuz a log house wid just two rooms. I had just a little straw tick and a cot dat de massa made himself and I hed a common quilt dat de missus made to cover me.
I hear dat my grandmother died during slavery and dat my grandfather wuz killed by his massa during slavery.
On Sunday I would go home and stay wid my father and mother and two brothers. We would play around wid ball and marbles. We had no school or church. We were too far away for church.
I earned no money. All I got wus just my food and clothes. I wuz leasted out to my massa and missus. I ate corn bread, fat hog meat and drank butter milk. Sometimes my father would catch possum and my mother would cook them, and bring me over a piece. I used to eat rabbit and fish. Dey used to go fishin' in de creek. I liked rabbit and groundhog. De food wuz boiled and roasted in de oven. De slaves have a little patch for a garden and day work it mostly at night when it wuz moonlight.
We wore geans and shirts of yellow cotton, we wore no shoes up til Christmas. I wore just de same during de summer except a little coat. We had no under shirt lik we have now. We wore de same on Sunday. Der wuz no Sunday suit.
De mass and missus hed one boy. De boy wuz much older than I. Dey were all kind to me. I remember plenty poor white chillun. I remember Will and John Nathan. Dey were poor white people.
My massa had three plantations. He had five slaves on one and four on another. I worked on one with four slaves. My father worked on one wid my brother and mother. We would wake up at 4 and 5 o'clock and do chores in de barn by lamp light. De overseer would ring a bell in de yeard, if it wuz not too cold to go out. If it wuz too cold he would cum and knock on de door. It wuz 8 or 9 o'clock fore we cum in at night. Den we have to milk de cows to fore we have supper.
De slaves were punished fore cumin' in too soon and unhitching de horses. Dey would bend dem accross a barrel and switch dem and den send dem back to de fields.
I head dem say dey switch de blood out of dem and salt de wound den dey could not work de next day.
I saw slaves sold. Dey would stand on a block and men would bid for dem. De highest bidder bought de slaves. I saw dem travel in groups, not chained, one white man in front and one in back. Dey looked like cattle.
De white folks never learned me to read or write.
Der were petrollers. Dey were mean if dey catch you out late at night. If a slave wus out late at night he had to have a notice from his massa. Der wuz trouble if de slaves were out late at night or if dey run off to another man.
De slaves worked on Saturday afternoons. Dey stay in de cabins on Saturday nights and Sundays. We worked on New Years day. De massa would give us a little hard cider on Christmas day. Dey would give a big supper at corn huskin' or cotton pickin' and give a little play or somethin' lik dat.
I remember two weddings. Dey hed chicken, and mutton to eat and corn bread. Dey all ganged round de table. Der wur milk and butter. I remember one wedding of de white people. I made de ice cream for dem. I remember playin' marbles and ball.
Sometimes a racer snake would run after us, wrap round us and whip us with its tail. The first one I remember got after me in de orchard. He wrapped right round me and whipped me with his tail.
My mother took care of de slaves when dey were sick. You had to be awful sick if dey didn't make you go out. Dey made der own medicine in those days. We used asafetida and put a piece in a bag and hung it round our necks. It wuz supposed to keep us from ketchin' diseases from anyone else.
When freedom cum dey were all shoutin' and I run to my mother and asked her what it wuz all bout. De white man said you are all free and can go. I remember the Yankee soldier comin' through the wheat field.
My parents lived very light de first year after de war. We lived in a log cabin. De white man helped dem a little. My father went to work makin' charcoal. Der wuz no school for Negroes and no land that I remember.
I married Alice Thompson. She wuz 16 and I wuz 26. We hed a little weddin' down in Bushannon, Virginny. A Baptist preacher named Shirley married us. Der were bout a dozen at de weddin'. We hed a little dancin' and banjo play in'. I hed two chillun but dey died and my wife died a long, long time ago.
I just heard a little bout Abraham Lincoln. I believe he wuz a good man. I just hed a slight remembrance of Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis. I have heard of Booker T. Washington, felt just de same bout him. A pretty good man.
I think it wuz a great thing that slavery anded, I would not lik to see it now.
I joined de Baptist church but I have been runnin' round from place to place. We always prosper and get along with our fellowmen if we are religious.
De overseer wuz poor white trash. His rules were you hed to be out on de plantation before daylight. Sometimes we hed to sit around on de fence to wait for daylight and we did not go in before dark. We go in bout one for meals. [WPA in Ohio, Federal Writers' Project]
John Copeland, a native of Ireland, emigrated to America and settled in Maryland or Pennsylvania, whence, in 1805, he removed to Jefferson county, Ohio; d. 1840; m. Isabelle Leach, a native of Pennsylvania; had issue: 1. Samuel; 2. Thomas, b. in Jefferson county, Ohio; removed to Franklin township, Harrison county, Ohio, before 1837, where he m. July 4,1877; m. in Harrison county, Nancy A. Dick; d. April 1, 1880, daughter of William Dick, a resident of Harrison county (had issue: i. Jane, m. John Hilton; ii. Isabelle, m. Nathaniel Lukens; ill. John; iv. Mary; v. William, b. Sept. 4, 1837; m. 1863, Mary Cruin, daughter of George Cruin of Franklin township); 3. Joseph; 4. James, b. in Maryland, Aug. 7, 1801; settled in Washington township, where he d. April 30, 1859; m. 1837, Mary A. Walters, daughter of Leonard and Rachel Ruby Walters, of Jefferson county (had issue: i. Thomas W., b. in Franklin township, Aug. 25, 1838; settled in Washington township; served in the Civil War; was a prisoner at Andersonville; m. Aug. 29, 1869, Mary E. Ramsey, of Washington township; ii. Matilda; iii. Rachel; iv. Amanda; v. Isabelle; vi. Leonard; vii. S.-S.; viii. Nannie E.; ix. John, served in the Civil War; d. about 1865); 5. David; 6. William, settled in Franklin township, where he d. 1870; m. 1833, in Harrison county, Mary Dempster, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Hunter Dempster, of Jefferson county (the former a native of Pensylvania; the latter a daughter of John Hunter, who settled in Jefferson county in 1820); (had issue: i. John W.; ii. William-D., b. Jan. 8, 1836; m. March 10, 1867, Lucy Burns, daughter of John M. and Elizabeth Hilbert Burns; iii. Joseph; iv. Albert; v. Elizabeth; vi. Isabelle; vii. Mary M.; viii. Margaret J.); 7. Archibald.
John M. Burns, father of Lucy Burns Copeland, was a native of Westmoreland county, Penn.; removed to Smithfield, Jefferson county, Ohio; afterward settled in German township, Harrison county; m. Elizabeth Hilbert, daughter of John Hilbert; had issue: i. Frances Samantha, m. Alexander Henderson; 2. Letitia, m. Joseph Courtright; 3. Lomida, m. Henry Taylor; 4. Lucy, m. William D. Copeland.
Leonard Walters, father of Mary Walters Copeland, was an early settler in Jefferson county; m. Rachel Ruby; had issue: 1. Thomas; 2. Joseph; 3. Mary A., m. James Copeland; 4. Catharine; 5. Martha; 6. Maria. ["Historical Collections of Harrison County, in the State of Ohio, ...", NY 1900; By Charles Augustus Hanna]
William Croskey, b. in Ireland, 1795; d. 1873; son of Robert Croskey, who emigrated to Maryland, in 1775; removed to Washington county, Penn., and thence, in 1812, to Green township, Harrison county, Ohio; m. 1848, Margaret Crabb, of Jefferson county, Ohio; had issue: 1. Robert; 2. Margaret, m. James Thompson; 3. Henry, settled in McLean county, Ill.; 4. Anna, m. John Clifford, and settled in Green township; 5. Mary, m. George McFadden; 6. Sarah, m. Thomas Groves,of Jefferson county; 7. John, died in infancy; 8.---; 9. --- ["Historical Collections of Harrison County, in the State of Ohio, ...", NY 1900; By Charles Augustus Hanna]
Samuel Drake and Mary Tipton was married in Morgan county, Ohio, February 8, 1849. They have had nine children, namely: George D., born April 22, 1851, died October 14, 1852; Lucinda, January 30, 1853, lives in Lawrence county, Ohio; Margaret A., April 19, 1855, died June 24, 1860; Charles E., June 9, 1857, resides at home; John N., March 21, 1859, died July 10, 1860; Mary E., August 11, 1861; Martha E., August 12, 1863; Catherine L., March 19, 1866; Willie R., September 10, 1869. Mr. Drake, son of George W., and Catherine (Beckett) Drake, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, January 15, 1828, and settled in this county in 1855. He has held the following public offices: township trustee ten years, assessor two years, and school director nine years. His wife, daughter of Joshua and Mary (Allen) Tipton, was born in Harrison county, Ohio, February 12, 1828. There have been great improvements in agriculture in Walnut township since he moved there, he having introduced the first two-horse plow in that locality. Business, farming and stock-raising. Address, Sand Fork, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
ALVIN ECKLEY, an honored veteran of the late war, who is engaged in farming on section 14, Madison Township, (Richland County, IL) was born in this locality, January 25, 1841, and therefore has the honor of being a native of Richland County. His parents were Dr. Daniel and Jerusha (Hayes) Eckley, honored pioneers of this community. Peter Eckley, the great-grandfather of our subject, was a Scotch-Irishman. He came to America with his brother George about 1750. They settled in Berks County, Pa., and as scouts took part in Gen. Braddock's expedition against Ft. Du Quesne, in the French and Indian War. George Eckley was there killed, but Peter survived and served as a scout during the Revolution. After the Colonies had achieved their independence, he removed to Westmoreland County, Pa., where the remainder of his life was passed. Ephraim Eckley, the grandfather of our subject, emigrated Westward about 1800, and became one of the pioneer settlers of Jefferson County, Ohio. Later he went to Ashland County, Ohio, and in 1848 came to Richland County, Ill., where his days were ended.
Dr. Eckley was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, and in 1839 he came with his family to this county. He at once entered upon the practice of the medical profession, which he followed continuously until 1873. Since that time he has lived a retired life, and has now reached the advanced age of eighty-five years. His wife died in Minerva, Ohio, in 1876. The Doctor was one of the pioneer settlers of Richland County, and has been an eye-witness of its entire growth and upbuilding. He gained quite a reputation during his business career, and had a large and lucrative practice.
Alvin Eckley, whose name heads this record, spent the days of his boyhood and youth with his parents, aiding in the cultivation of the farm, and attending the subscription schools of the neighborhood. After attaining his majority, he supplemented his primary education by a course in the Christian College, of Merom, Ind. When the war broke out, prompted by patriotic impulses, he responded to the country's call for troops, and enlisted July 20, 1861. He was assigned to Company E, Eleventh Missouri Infantry, and took part in the engagement at New Madrid, the siege of Island No. 10, the advance on Corinth and the siege of that city, Iuka and the second battle of Corinth. There, on the 3d of October, 1862, he was wounded in the right leg, and lay in the hospital until discharged on the 1st of January, 1863. When he had sufficiently recovered, Mr. Eckley rejoined his regiment in December, 1863, and with it remained until the following spring.
After his return from the war, Mr. Eckley engaged in farming for about a year, and then secured a position as salesman in a general mercantile store of Parkersburg, where he was employed for nine years. On the expiration of that period, he resumed farming, which he has followed almost continuously since. He now owns and operates eighty acres of good land on section 14, Madison Township.
On the 10th of May, 1874, Mr. Eckley was united in marriage with Mrs. Hannah R. Morrison, daughter of John Heap, one of the pioneer settler of Richland County (IL). They have but one living child, Daniel J., having lost two children in infancy. Our subject and his wife are well known in the community where they have so long made their home, and in social circles they hold an enviable position. Mr. Eckley exercises his right of franchise in support of the Republican party, and by his fellow-townsmen has been called upon to fill several public offices, the duties of which he has discharged with promptness and fidelity. He has filled various local offices. Socially, he is a member of Ed Kitchell Post No. 662, G. A. R. The community recognizes in him a public-spirited and valued citizen.
[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Effingham, Jasper and Richland Counties Illinois, Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, Governors of the State, and the Presidents of the United States". (Chicago: Chapman Brothers, 1887), p.558 - Sub by Judy Edwards]
ISRAEL GLOVER, a very progressive farmer of Jefferson Township (Indiana), is a native of Jefferson County, Ohio, born December 24, 1827, one of fifteen children born to Joel and Elizabeth (Shannon) Glover, natives of Ohio, he being born April 1, 1808, and she April 4, 1808, both still living. Subject received but a limited education, and was married, November 15, 1849, to Sarah Moore, of Jefferson County, Ohio, and six children have blessed the union, three of whom are now living—Mary E., born February 6, 1851; Sarah L., January 23, 1861: Ada G., September 2, 1868. Mrs. Glover died September 13, 1877. January 6, 1880, he was married to Mrs. Elizabeth (Inman) Crance. In 1854, Mr. Glover settled in Highland Township, Greene County, (IN) where he lived six years, and then moved to Jefferson Township, where he now lives, and where he owns 187 acres of good land, which is highly improved and under good cultivation. He was Justice of the Peace in Highland Township. Is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and a Republican. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Worthington. [Source: History of Greene and Sullivan Counties, state of Indiana: from the earliest time to the present, together with interesting biographical sketches, reminiscences, notes, etc. Chicago: Goodspeed Bros. & Co., 1884 ]
Josiah Glover, b. in Baltimore. Md.; removed to Smithfield, Jefferson county, Ohio; had issue: 1. Josiah, m. 1833, Mary Barkhurst, a native of Maryland, b. 1817-18; d. February, 1872; had Issue: 1. Sarah, m. Augustus Carter, of Jefferson county; 2. Nancy; 3. Susan, m. William Comly; 4. George W.; 5. Josephine, m. John C. Brown; 6. Jefferson C., b. March 3, 1845; m. 1869, Caroline I. Snyder, daughter of Samuel Snyder; 7. Elizabeth, m. Milton Hall, of Jefferson county; 8. Esther; 9. Quincy; 10. Leonora, m. John C. Brown (his second wife); 11. William L. ["Historical Collections of Harrison County, in the State of Ohio, ...", NY 1900; By Charles Augustus Hanna]
William D Hall
Son of William and Catharine (Barkhurst) Hall, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, May 15, 1838, and settled here in 1865. He has been twice married. His first wife, Mary J., daughter of Ziba and Deborah Fox, was born December 4, 1844, and died May 21, 1879. She was the mother of seven children: John F., born July 4, 1866; Rinda C., June 24, 1868; Mary E., October 23, 1870; Albert P., February 10, 1873, died February 11, 1873; Elmer D., December 30, 1873; Anna B., March 28, 1876; Everet E., May 17, 1878, died February 28, 1879. His second wife, Sophronia A., was born in Gallia county, April 25, 1861, and was married to him in this county, October 15, 1879. She has one child, Joseph O., born February 25, 1882. Her parents, Andrew and Hannah (Pine) Wiseman, settled in this county in 1837. The former was born in West Virginia, May 6, 1830, and the latter November 23, 1831, and died October 29, 1863. Mr. Hall served one hundred days in the 141st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and then volunteered for one year, and served to the close of the war. He was in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee. He formerly held the office of township clerk two years, treasurer two years, and at present is justice of the peace, which office he has held three years. William Hall was born January 7, 1814, and Catherine (Barkhurst) Hall, October 16, 1814. William D. Hall's first wife's parents - Ziba Fox was born March 26, 1811, and Deborah (Bird) Fox was born July 19, 1818. The business of William D. Hall is farming and stock-raising. Address, Waterloo, Lawrence county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
John G. Johnson
JOHNSON, John Gladden, physician; born, Steubenville, O., (Jefferson Co) Apr. 10, 1843; son of David and Margaret Jane (Rex) Johnson; attended public schools; AB, Jefferson College, PA., 1863; M.D., Heidelburg University, 1869. Began practice in Steubenville, 1870; removed to Detroit, Dec. 1872, where he has since practiced; chief of staff of St. Luke’s Hosptial and of St. Joseph’s retreat; formerly professor of nervous diseases Detroit Medical College (resigned, 1887). Republican. Episcopalian. Member Wayne County and Michigan State Medical societies, American Medical Associations. Recreation: Music. Address: 492 Woodward Av. ["The Book of Detroiters". Edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1908 - CW - Sub by FoFG]
ALLEN MANSON was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, in May, 1827, his parents being David and Mary Manson, nee Mecance, the former a native of Washington County, Ohio, and the latter of Pennsylvania. Allen grew to manhood on a farm in Coshocton County, Ohio, obtaining very limited school advantages, having attended the district schools but a few months. In 1858 he came westward and settled in Clarke County, Iowa, where he resided until the year 1863, then removing to Caldwell County, Missouri. There he was engaged in farming for some eleven years, when he came to Atchison County, Missouri, in 1874. Here he remained but a little over one year, when he removed to Barton County and stayed one summer. In November, 1875, he returned to Atchison County and has since been a resident of this locality. Mr. Manson has been on his farm in Dale Township for five years and now owns 240 acres of land, all fenced, with an orchard of 300 apple trees and a few cherry, pear and plum, besides small fruit. He is quite extensively engaged in feeding cattle for the market. On the 27th of November, 1851, Mr. M. was married in Ohio to Miss Jane Gracy, and by this union there were two children, one of whom survives, William A., born September 20, 1852. Mrs. Manson died in Clarke County, Iowa, March 14, 1860. Mr. M. was again married November 27, 1862, to Miss Sarah A. Spurlock, a native of Indiana, and a daughter of John Spurlock. He resides on section 9. [The History of Holt and Atchison Counties, Missouri; St. Joseph, Mo.: National Historical Company, 1882. Transcribed by K. Mohler]
John Williams Matheus
WPA in Ohio Federal Writers' Project, Bishop & Isleman
Reporter: Bishop (Revision)
July 8, 1937
Topic: Ex-Slaves, Jefferson County, District #5
JOHN WILLIAMS MATHEUS, Ex-Slave, 77 years old
"My mothers name was Martha. She died when I was eleven months old. My mother was owned by Racer Blue and his wife Scotty. When I was bout eleven or twelve they put me out with Michael Blue and his wife Mary. Michael Blue was a brother to Racer Blue. Racer Blue died when I was three or four. I have a faint rememberance of him dying suddenly one night and see him laying out. He was the first dead person I saw and it seemed funny to me to see him laying there so stiff and still."
"I remember the Yankee Soldier, a string of them on horses, coming through Springfield, W. Va. It was like a circus parade. What made me remember that, was a colored man standing near me who had a new hat on his head. A soldier came by and saw the hat and he took it off the colored man's head, and put his old dirty one on the colored man's head and put the nice new one on his own head."
"I think Abraham Lincoln the greatest man that ever lived. He belonged to no church; but he sure was Christian. I think he was born for the time and if he lived longer he would have done lots of good for the colored people."
"I wore jeans and they got so stiff when they were wet that they would stand up. I wore boots in the winter, but none in the summer."
"When slavery was going on there was the 'underground railway' in Ohio. But after the surrender some of the people in Ohio were not so good to the colored people. The old folks told me they were stoned when they came across the river to Ohio after the surrender and that the colored people were treated like cats and dogs."
"Mary Blue had two daughters, both a little older than me and I played with them. One day they went to pick berries. When they came back they left the berries on the table in the kitchen and went to the front room to talk to their mother. I remember the two steps down to the room and I came to listen to them tell about berry pickin'. Then their mother told me to go sweep the kitchen. I went and took the broom and saw the berries. I helped myself to the berries. Mary wore soft shoes, so I did not hear her coming until she was nearly in the room. I had berries in my hand and I closed my hand around the handle of the broom with the berries in my hand. She says, 'John, what are you doin'? I say, 'nothin'. Den she say, 'Let me see your hand! I showed her my hand with nothin' in it. She say, 'let me see the other hand! I had to show her my hand with the berries all crushed an the juice on my hand and on the handle of the broom."
"Den she say; 'You done two sins'. 'You stole the berries!, I don't mind you having the berries, but you should have asked for them. 'You stole them and you have sinned. 'Den you told a lie! She says, 'John I must punish you, I want you to be a good man; don't try to be a great man, be a good man then you will be a great man! She got a switch off a peach tree and she gave me a good switching. I never forgot being caught with the berries and the way she talked bout my two sins. That hurt me worse than the switching. I never stole after that."
"I stayed with Michael and Mary Blue till I was nineteen. They were supposed to give me a saddle and bridle, clothes and a hundred dollars. The massa made me mad one day. I was rendering hog fat. When the crackling would fizzle, he hollo and say 'don't put so much fire.' He came out again and said, 'I told you not to put too much fire,' and he threatened to give me a thrashing. I said, 'If you do I will throw rocks at you.'"
"After that I decided to leave and I told Anna Blue I was going. She say, 'Don't do it, you are too young to go out into the world.' I say, I don't care, and I took a couple of sacks and put in a few things and walked to my uncle. He was a farmer at New Creek. He told me he would get me a job at his brothers farm until they were ready to use me in the tannary. He gave me eight dollars a month until the tanner got ready to use me. I went to the tanner and worked for eight dollars a week. Then I came to Steubenville. I got work and stayed in Steubenville 18 months. Then I went back and returned to Steubenville in 1884."
Word Picture of JOHN WILLIAM MATHEUS
Mr. John William Matheus is about 5'4" and weighs about 130 pounds. He looks smart in his bank messenger uniform. On his sleeve he wears nine stripes. Each stripe means five years service. Two years were served before he earned his first strip, so that gives him a total of 47 years service for the Union Savings Bank and Trust Company, Steubenville, Ohio. He also wears a badge which designates him as a deputy sheriff of Jefferson County.
Mr. Matheus lives with his wife at 203 Dock Street. This moderate sized and comfortable home he has owned for over 40 years. His first wife died several years ago. During his first marriage nine children came to them. In his second marriage one child was born.
His oldest son is John Frederick Matheus. He is a professor at [Charleston] [HW: West Virginia] State College Institute. He was born in Steubenville and graduated from Steubenville High School. Later he studied in Cleveland and New York. He speaks six languages fluently and is the author of many published short stories.
Two other sons are employed in the post office, one is a mail carrier and the other is a janitor. His only daughter is a domestic servant.
Mr. Matheus attended school in Springfield, W. Va., for four years. When he came to Steubenville he attended night school for two winters. Mr. Dorhman J. Sinclair who founded the Union Savings Bank and Trust Co., employed Mr. Matheus from the beginning and in recognition of his loyal service bequeated to Mr. Matheus a pension of fifty dollars per month.
Mr. Matheus is a member of the office board of the Quinn Memorial A.M.E. He has been an elder of that church for many years and also trustee and treasure. He frequently serves on the jury. He is well known and highly respected in the community. [Source: WPA in Ohio Federal Writers' Project, Bishop & Isleman]
ROBERT McCONNELL, one of the farmers of Jefferson Township, Greene Co., Ind., is a native of Jefferson County, Ohio, and was born June 27, 18.26. He is one of nine children of Robert and Mary (Baker) McConnell, who settled with their families in Owen County, Ind., in the year 1842, where they lived the balance of their lives. Our subject received a common school education in the schools of his time. Throughout life, farming has been his chief occupation, although while a young man he worked for sole time at the cooper's trade. Margaret J. Johnson became his wife April 3, 1851. She is a native of Owen County, and one of the family of David and Frances (McDaniel) Johnson, and her birth occurred July 31, 1831. Mr. McConnell now owns 190 acres of good farming land, well improved and under good cultivation and he raises considerable stock. They are both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Oak Grove, near where they live, and always do their share to support that and all other praiseworthy causes of their community. They have been members of that congregation for thirty-five years, about twenty of which Mr. McConnell has been a steward. As a Republican, he takes a lively interest in .the public affairs of the county in which he is an esteemed citizen. [Source: History of Greene and Sullivan Counties, state of Indiana: from the earliest time to the present, together with interesting biographical sketches, reminiscences, notes, etc. Chicago: Goodspeed Bros. & Co., 1884]
Son of James and Margaret (Wright) Rodgers, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, December 27, 1827. He was united in marriage with Amanda C., daughter of Timothy and Anna (Smith) White, in Jefferson county, Ohio, June 26, 1851. She was born in Bruck, West Virginia, March 29, 1824. They moved to Mercerville, Guyan township, in 1852. They have a family of six children; Louisana, born May 1, 1852, lives in Green Bottom, West Virginia; Mary E., October 26, 1853, lives in Ohio township, Gallia county; Margaret A., September 20, 1856, lives in Clay township; James H., August 2, 1859, lives at home; Frank E., September 18, 1861, lives in Ohio township; Winfield, January 11, 1869, died March 21, 1869. He is a carpenter and farmer, and has one son married with Emma D., daughter of Jesse A. and Elizabeth (Amos) Wells, who was born June 21, 1863, and had one child, Myrtle M., born September 15, 1880. This township was quite a wilderness, and very thinly settled when he moved here. Postoffice address, Mercerville, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
Lewis C Sharon
Is a native of Jefferson county, Ohio, where he was born November 22, 1823. His grandfather came to this county in the Mayflower from England, and settled with his parents near Carlisle, Pennsylvania. During the revolutionary war he came with Zane to the fort opposite Wheeling, and helped support it. The parents of Mr. Sharon were William and Susan (Kirk) Sharon. His father was born in 1794, and died April 5, 1879. His mother was born in 1796, and died in 1862. William Sharon emigrated to Jefferson county, Ohio, with his parents in 1806, being the first settlers opposite Wheeling. The grandfather of Lewis served eight years in the revolutionary army under Washington; he was a second lieutenant. Lewis' grandmother Sarah Smiley gave him a present which he still retains, which was given her by Washington in the year 1782, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The father of Lewis served in the war of 1812. Lewis Sharon was married to Philena Jones in Meigs county, Ohio, October 5, 1858. She was born in that county November 16, 1823. They have one child: William A., born October 11, 1859, and who resides at home. The parents of Mrs. Sharon were Phillip and Mary (Higly) Jones, who died in 1870 and 1866, respectively. Mr. Sharon held the office of township clerk in Jefferson township for one term. The subject of this sketch is a brother of Senator Sharon, of California, whose name is, perhaps, more closely identified with the Great West than that of any other single individual now living. Though, like most other men, he has seen times when fickle fortune has turned her back upon him temporarily, yet his life has throughout been marked by a degree of success which it is the happy lot of but very few men to attain. Nor has this been due to a good luck alone. Ability, shrewdness, and unlimited spirit of enterprise, and a strict adherence to the laws of fair dealing, have made Senator Sharon what he is - whether he is judged as a millionaire or a social and political magnate. The amount of good which he has done for San Francisco and California, it is beyond our power to compute. For many years past all the most important enterprises in the State have either been originated or substantially encouraged by him. If he had done nothing else but build the Palace Hotel, that alone would be a long enduring monument to his business sagacity and pluck, and the magnificent scale on which he bases his ideas of enterprise. But he has done far more than this for the Golden State. Her mills, factories, railroads, and nearly all her other leading and prosperous industries testify in his praise he has worked for the people and with them, as only one man in a generation can work, and almost every interest that he has touched and supported has grown and flourished as if by magic. For the State of Nevada he has done as much. With his wealth he has developed her mines, and with his railroads he has brought her remotest silver regions and other resources into communication with the outer world. Nevada rewarded him by making him her senator; but even that great honor by no means cancels the debt of gratitude she owes him. A man with a record like Sharon's has reason to be prouder of his life than any monarch, and certainly has a stronger hold upon the affections of the people than the mightiest sovereign could have. Lewis Sharon came to Gallia county in 1864, locating in Addison township, where he is engaged in farming. His postoffice address is Galllipolis, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
John L Shoemaker
Is a native of the township of Harrison, born Jul 9, 1836. He is a son of John and Nancy (Carter) Shoemaker. John L. was married in Gallipolis, February 3, 1877, to Rachel S. Irvin, who was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, May 4, 1852. She is the daughter of John G. and Jerushie (Sainer) Irvin. They have the following children: Effie J., born December 29, 1877; John R., November 22, 1879; Katie E., July 29, 1881. Mr. Shoemaker was a soldier in the war of the rebellion. He enlisted in Company B, 173d Ohio Volunteer Infantry in 1864, and was discharged at the close of the war in 1865. Mr. Shoemaker is a farmer, residing in Harrison township. His address is Northup postoffice, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
Pinckney T Wall
Was born in Martinsville, Henry county, Virginia, March 20, 1853. He is a son of Claibourne D. and Elizabeth J. (Smith) Wall, settlers of this county (Gallia Co.) in 1854. His father was a doctor of medicine. Mr. Wall was married in Gallipolis, Ohio, June 26, 1879, to Clara V. Beall, who is a native of Jefferson county, Ohio, born June 26, 1861. They have had the following children: Harvey Z., born December 22, 1880, deceased; and Alice, born December 18, 1881. The parents of Mrs. Wall are Henry and Susan (Priestley) Beall, settlers of this county in 1870. Mr. Wall is engaged as a newspaper reporter and insurance agent in Gallipolis, where communication to him should be addressed. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
Was born January 5, 1830, in Duchess county, New York. His parents were from Dublin, Ireland; his father was a cloth finisher and came from Ireland to America in 1828; resided in New York for nine years; they then removed to Jefferson county, Ohio, where they lived on a farm twelve years; then removed to Gallia county, where Francis was married March 6, 1854 to Sarah Blackburn, who was born in Virginia, March 5, 1830. Francis had four brothers; the elder two, William and John, were mechanics; William made the first cottonmill in Tennessee. Mr. Walter has lived on the same farm in Harrison township since 1849. He volunteered in the company which was organized and mustered in the 117th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, September 15, 1862, reorganizing as Company G, 1st Ohio Heavy Artillery, August 10, 1863, where he held the position of first lieutenant; he was mustered out of service July 25, 1865, at Knoxville, Tennessee. The company traveled by railroad 1,378 miles, by water 725 miles, and marched 1, 289 miles; all the above travels were made during ten months; total number of miles 3,392. The children of Mr. Walter are: John H., born January 14, 1855, died August 25, 1866; Rhoda A., July 8, 1859; Joseph B., August 18, 1860; Mary C., January 5, 1862; H. Augusta, January 26, 1866; Charles W., March 3, 1868; Lucy E., June 8, 1870; they all reside in Harrison township. William Walter, the father of Francis, was born November 25, 1790, and his mother, Ann (Dick) Walter, May 30, 1794. They settled in this county in 1849. The parents of Mrs. Walter are John and Sarah (Walden) Blackburn, who came to this county in 1836. The postoffice address of Mr. Walter is Lincoln, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]
Was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, December 8, 1838. He was united in marriage with Catherine T., daughter of Sarah J. (Scarlett) and John C. Miller, in Carroll county, Ohio, June 27, 1867, and settled in this county, March, 1868. She was born in Carroll county, Ohio, August 26, 1849. They have three children: Winnie Wilhelm was born June 8, 1868; Maggie M. Wilhelm, February 28, 1870; Otho, February 9, 1872. His parents are Henry and Margaret (Russell) Wilhelm. His father was born in 1814 and his mother in 1813. He was elected mayor of the incorporated village of Chambersburg, Gallia county, Ohio, in 1876, and served four years. He was also elected justice of the peace in April, 1877. Business, lumber merchant. Address, Eureka, Clay township, Gallia county, Ohio. [SOURCE: History of Gallia County: Containing A Condensed History of the County; Biographical Sketches; General Statistics, Miscellaneous Matters, &c; James P. Averill; Hardesty & CO., Publishers, Chicago and Toledo. 1882.]