Ross County, Ohio
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Military News

Native American News

Chillicothe, February 20, 1806
We understand the Governor has received an express from Mad river, from Major Moore and Capt. McPherson, along with depositions taken on oath, which state, that the Shawney Indians are preparing for war - that the war belts are passing amongst them - that their tomahawks are painted and feathered - that they are embodied at Stony Creek and at White River, and are now in council at Greenville, where it is feared they will stroke a war post in their council, this being the determined signal for war - that a small settlement on Stoney creek consisting of about 8 families, from their fears had armed for defence, but had fled into Mad River Settlement.
It appears from this express, that the Shawneys are preparing for war, but does not appear that it is intended against the white people; it may be intended against the Indian tribes over the Mississippi. Proper measures will, we have no doubt, be taken to ascertain their intention, and such prudential means used as will quiet the fears of our defenceless citizens, if the alarm should be groundless, and the restless tribe of Indians be urged by any foreign emissaries, to involve themselves in what will ultimately prove their entire ruin.
Since writing the above, we learn that a second express has arrived from Mad river, with dispatches for the Governor, and that General Kenton, Major Moore, Captain McPherson, and a Mr. McIlvain, went to the Indian council, but could not get admittance; they had, however, a conversation with about eighteen Indians, who met them at a small distance from the council house. The Indians received a few strings of white wampum - professed friendship for the white people, but, at parting, manifested hostile view, by giving their left hands & c. The above gentlemen are fearful of consequences; but nothing appears certain as to the views or object of the Indians.
We are informed the Governor has sent a message or speech to the Chiefs, with a large fine belt of white wampum, and has given such instructions as will, it is hoped in a few days, bring news that will restore the public quiet. We are also led to believe, that orders have issued to Brigadier Gen. Whiteman, of Green county how to prepare and act, if necessity should require it. [From: The Centenel, March 19, 1806 - Gettysburg, PA, Page 6 -- Contributed by Nancy Piper]


Chillicothe, April 11, 1812
Marching Orders
We are informed that Capt. Manary of the first company of Rangers has received orders to march on Monday next for Urbana in the county of Champaigne where he will be met by Governor Meigs who will give the necessary orders for the protection of our frontier.  We understand that the company is not yet completed but it is expected that the ranks will be filled up by the time they reach the place of rendezvous.  [The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , April 22 1812 - NP, Sub by FoFG]  

Chillicothe, July 25, 1812
Chillicothe Patriotism
Late on Saturday evening last an express arrived in town with a letter from Gen. Hull to Governor Meigs, stating that the army was very deficient in provisions, that Mr. Piatt was authorized to furnish a supply for two months and that the communication must be preserved by the militia of this state or the army would perish for the want of provisions.  The letter concludes with saying "we have the fullest confidence that you will do all in your power to prevent so distressing a calamity."  A letter was, at the same time received from the contractor stating that provisions were deposited at Urbana ready to be marked on horses, but that he should be obliged to wait for a convoy of troops to protect it and open a new road, as the old one is almost impassable.
At the time the above dispatches were received, the Governor was at his residence in Marietta.  The next morning (Sunday) they were opened by the secretary of state and immediately on their contents being made known the drum beat to arms. It is with peculiar pleasure we record the patriotic spirit displayed by our citizens on the occasion. 
After marching through the streets a short time, between 60 and 70 volunteers stepped into the ranks at the call.  No distinction of party or profession was known. The federalist, the republican, the farmer, the mechanic, the lawyer and merchant indiscriminately determined to shoulder muskets and brave every danger to relieve their fellow countrymen who are now in Canada. 
On Monday morning the company paraded at the court house when they elected Henry Brush, Captain; William Beach, Lieutenant and John Stockton, Ensign and then drew their arms.  Being without uniforms they instantly agreed upon a suitable one for the purpose, immediately purchased the stuff and through the exertions of the ladies they were all completed before evening. 
In the meantime the rest of  the citizens were not idle.  Moulds being first made, some were engaged in moulding bullets, some in moulding buckshot, and some in making cartridges.  Before evening near 2,000 cartridges, each containing a ball and three buckshot, were made and other necessaries, such as provisions, canteens, knapsacks, blankets and other camp equipage provided all at the expense of private individuals.  Early the next morning the started for Urbana, accompanied by the citizens in regular march a few miles out of town.  Thus in less than 24 hours a large company of volunteers was raised, completely equipped and on their march through a hostile and wilderness country. 
The zeal and promptitude displayed by our citizens on this occasion deserves the highest encomiums; although they did not illuminate and disturb the peace of society by mobs and rejoicing when the received the Declaration of War; yet they have exhibited that true spirit of patriotism which when required, steps forth with alacrity to defend her country's rights. 
It will be recollected this is the fourth company who have volunteered their services and are now in actual service from this town and its vicinity - two of whom are not in Canada.  Another company of mounted riflemen from the vicinity met for the purpose of volunteering their services on the present occasion had the Governor been here to accept of them.  Let each state follow the example of Ohio, especially Chillicothe and its vicinity and the contest in which we are engaged will soon come to an honorable termination. - Supporter,    [The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , August 5, 1812 - NP, Sub by FoFG]

Chillicothe, Aug. 15: A call has been made by the governor of this state for 300 men from the 1st division and 300 from the 3d division who are to join Gen. Hull as quick as possible.  When these troops join the army the effective force from this state in actual service will amount to upwards of 3000 men. [The Centinel, Gettysburg, Pa , August 26 1812 - NP, Sub by FoFG]


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