Ohio Genealogy Trails
Washington County, Ohio
Township Histories

History of Adams Township and Lowell
Adams township, lying east of Waterford, on the Noble County line, was incorporated in 1797, and was first settled when the Second Association was located at Waterford. Its history during the pioneer period—before 1800—has been sketched. The earliest settlers were the Coburns, Allisons, Dodges, Davises, Fryes, Kinneys, Owens, Masons, Devols, and Spragues.

A block-house was built on land settled by the Kinneys, known as "Kinney's Blockhouse." A monument has been erected on the site.

The improvement of the Muskingum River was the making of the little village "Buell's Lowell," laid out by P. B. Buell. which stood in what is now Upper Lowell. The first store was opened here in 1822. Lowell Mill was erected in 1842; Oak Mill was built in 1859; a planing mill was built, but burned in 1879. The first postmaster was E. Short, who went into office about 1820, the office then being known as Adams. Buell's Lowell was incorporated May 10, 1851; the first officials were:

Theodore Schriner, mayor; S. N. Merriam, recorder; John Scott, Solomon Sharpe, John B. Regnier, Joseph Cox and George Fleck, trustees. William Bartlett was elected first marshal by the Board of Trustees.

Among the early settlers were: Nicholas and Asa Coburn, sons of Maj. Asa Coburn, with whom they came to Marietta from Massachusetts in the latter part of 1788. Major Coburn had won his title in the Massachusetts line of the Revolutionary Army. Many of his descendants live in Morgan County.

Robert Allison came from Pennsylvania in 1788. Moved to Cat's Creek in 1795. His daughter, Mrs. Frost, born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, October 12, 1784, was for a long time before her death the only survivor of the pioneer life during the Indian war. She had a clear recollection of events that occurred at the Campus Martius, and especially of the Sunday-school taught by Mrs. Lake. Mrs. Frost died at the home of her grandson, Mr. O. A. Stacy, near Lowell, in 1891.

James Owen, from Rhode Island, came to Ohio in 1788. His son Daniel came into the Adams colony.

Col. William Mason, a soldier of the Revolution and one of the first party of pioneers, settled in Adams about 1797.

William Mason, of Pennsylvania, came to this settlement about the same time.

Muj. Joshua Sprague, an officer in the Revolution, came to Marietta in 1788, with his two sons, Jonathan and William. They went to Waterford but afterward Major Sprague and his son William removed to Adams.

Stephen Frost, Michael Cyphers, Joseph Simons, Amos Wilson, Geo. M. Cox, Alfred Hall, Morgan Wood, James H. Rose (of Virginia). Among the German settlers are Philip Mattem (a son of Henry Mattern, who lived in Salem), Jacob Schneider, Jacob Becker, and Jacob Reitz.

Joseph Frye came from Maine to Waterford, where he taught school, before he moved down to his farm.

William and Daniel Davis, sons of Capt. Daniel Davis, a soldier in the Revolution, and one of the 48 pioneers. The descendants of Daniel Davis, a soldier in the Revolution, and one of the 48 pioneers. The descendants of Captain Davis bore an honorable part in our second war for liberty, that of 1861-65.

Oliver Dodge, one of the 48 pioneers, came from Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. His son, Richard, a lover of fine horses and of a good joke, was long a familiar figure in McConnellsville. Richard left no children.

Nathan King, a native of Nlova Scotia. Two of his daughters were married to sons of Robert Allison.

The Baptist Church dates from 1797: its reorganization from 1832. The Christian Church was organized in 1831. The German citizens of Lowell and vicinity organized the Protestant Evangelical Church in 1857. The Congregational Church built a house of worship in Lowell in i860, but services are no longer held in it. A few of the members now meet in Rainbow.

Adams Township and Lowell Corporation Development
During the last decade Lowell has developed and improved to a considerable extent. Many beautiful residences have been built, the streets have been improved and cleaned, old buildings have been removed and additions have been made to the size of the corporation.

The plat of Sprague's addition to the corporation was approved by the Council a few years ago; Pfaff's sub-division, comprising 14 acres of ground, was annexed in 1901; and the plat of Saner's addition was approved June 6, 1902. Numerous buildings are being erected and all of these additions and the town is experiencing a nice growth.

Lowell is proud of the volume of business that is transacted within its limits. It has a goodly number of industries that have been built up gradually and are upon a safe footing and in a flourishing condition. Great pride is taken by the people of Lowell and Adams township in the First National Bank. The capital stock of the bank is owned principally by local parties and the conservative manner in which the business has been managed has made it a valuable investment. The deposits are heavy and a nice surplus is being accumulated.

Lowell can boast that there is more business transacted within its borders than in any other town of its size and many larger ones along the Muskingum River.

The oil developments in Adams township have resulted in very valuable productions; The first large pools were found in the Reed field on Cat's Creek, and the Minch field, which lies to the northwest of the town. The Minch field was sold at one time by A. J. Brown, A. I. Vaughn and others to the Boston & Marietta Oil Company for $130,000. Considerable oil is being found on Bear Creek, near the eastem township line and the developments there are making the fields very valuable. The southwestern section of the township also is producing some oil.

The Adams Township School District is composed of 11 sub-districts, ranging in numbers from one to 12, inclusive, No. 6 being consolidated with No. 11. The enumerations of the youth of school age in the township during the last five years have fluctuated between 370 and400. The percentage of attendance upon the enumeration is quite large, and the Board of Education has been fortunate in securing the services of good teachers. There are several new school houses which are commodious and well adapted to the purpose, but most of the others are old and in bad condition. Owing to the unusually and unavoidably bad state of the finances of the Board, nothing can be done at present with the houses, but as soon as there is a cash balance on hand the matter will probably be taken up and some changes in the districts may be made that will secure a better division of the township. J. A. Schwindeman is president of the Board at this time.

The Lowell Independent School District embraces the entire town and a strip of the surrounding territory. It has graded schools which have more than a local reputation. Prof. J. L. Jordan and Prof. D. A. Leake, who have been principals of the schools during the last 18 years, deserve great credit for the manner in which they have built them up. There are four teachers.

Normally, Adams Towtiship is Democratic in political complexion by from 40 to 50 majority. The oil operations during late years have brought many new people in the township, which has altered the matter somewhat in several instances, but on an average it stands about the same. The present officers of the township are: Trustees, John Decker, John Muck and Daniel Marsch; clerk. John D. Hollinger; treasurer, A. C. Beach; assessor, Ed Schwindeman; justices of the peace, Daniel Marsch and J. M. Newton; constables, W. F. Burdine and Elias Dobbin. In Lowell corporation the Democrats are also usually victorious. The officers of the corporation are: Mayor. A. D. Bell; clerk. John D. Hollinger: treasurer, C. G. Schneider: councilmen, S. Turkenton, F. A. Boyle. J. W. Landsittle, J. F. Hoilinger, Fred Fauss, and A. H. Henniger: marshal. Philip Rothley.

Questions looking toward the issuing of bonds for the purpose of building a new public hall and the erection of water works have met with defeat when submitted to the voters of the corporation.

The following fraternal orders are represented by subordinate lodges and branches in Lowell, viz: Knights of Pythias, Masons, Odd Fellows, Daughters of Rebekah, and Grand Army of the Republic.

Buell Lodge, No. 395, Knights of Pythias, has 97 members and owns real estate valued at $2,500. Conventions are held every Monday evening.
Lowell Lodge, No. 438, I. O. O. F., has 91 members enrolled upon its roster and the real estate owned is valued at $3,000. Meetings are held every Tuesday evening.
Sunbeam Lodge, No. 51, Daughters of Rebekah, has a goodly number of members. Meetings are held every Thursday evening.
The roster of Lowell Lodge, No. 436, F. & A. M., shows a membership of 34. Meetings are held monthly.
Dick Mason Post, No. 304, G. A. R., has 16 members.

All of the lodges are in a flourishing condition.
-- John D. Hollinger.

[Source: History of Marietta and Washington County, by Martin R. Andrews, MA, 1902, Transcribed by C. Anthony]

History of Aurelius Township

Aurelius township was originally a part of Monroe County, being admitted into Washington County, December 15, 1818. In that year John S. Corp and Judah M. Chamberlain headed a petition to the commissioners of W'ashigton County, praying the establishment of this addition as a township.

On the commissioners' journal, dated December 15, 1818, appears this record:

On petition of John S. Corp. Judah M. Chamberlain, and others, praying for the establishment of a new town in the county of Washington, therefore

Resolved, by the Board of Commissioners, That township, numbered five in the eighth range, excepting sections No. 25, 26 and 27, and fractional sections No. 34, 35 and 36 be and the same is hereby declared and established into an incorporated town, to be hereafter known and distinguished by the name and denomination of Aurelius, and the inhabitants residing in said district are hereby declared entitled to all the privileges and immunities of incorporated towns in the State. The electors in said town will meet at the house of Mr. Judah M. Chamberlain on the second Monday of January, 1819, at 10 o'clock A. M., to elect their township officers agreeably to law.

At this meeting Gilead Doane and Judah M. Chamberlain were elected justices of the peace but nothing else is known of the meeting.

It will be noticed that the establishing act did not give Aurelius sections 27 and 34. The date of this accession, as ascertained from the commissioners' journal, was that of their June session, 1842. For they

Resolved, that section twenty-seven and fractional section thirty-four, in township five, range eight, heretofore belonging to township Salem, is hereby annexed to Aurelius.

Aurelius was reduced to its present small diimensions by the act of the Legislature forming Noble County. It was passed March 11, 1851.

Among the earliest settlers in Aurelius were the Dains, Duttons, Bousers and Hutchins. Dr. John B. Regnier, who came about 1819, has well been considered "the father of the township," being a leader in the formation and development of it. He was appointed first postmaster in 1819, built the first grist mill about the same time, and secured the building of the first road from the mouth of Cat's Creek to Macksburg.

William W. Mackintosh opened the first store about 1827. Free Will Baptist Church was organized between 1810-12; a "regular" or "hard-shelled" Baptist Church was organized soon after. In 1818 the Methodist Episcopal Church was organized.

A public school was started as early as 1809 with Nancy Dutton as teacher.

The two villages of the township are Macksburg and Elba, which have owed their prosperity to the oil development which has been very profitable here, there being now 75 producing leases in the township. This is equaled by only one other township in the county as shown by the table of leases in the chapter on "The Oil Industry."

Source: History of Marietta and Washington County, by Martin R. Andrews, MA, 1902, Transcribed by C. Anthony

History of Barlow Township

Barlow township was organized in 1818 at a meeting held in July. The first trustees were Cornelius Houghland, S. N. Cooke and Caleb Green; Duty Green was treasurer. The first settlers in the township were the Lawtons, Vincents, Greens, Proctors, Houghlands, McGuires. The main road in the early days was the "State Road" from Marietta to Athens, which passed near the Lawton cabin; another from Belpre to Watertown ran a little west of this cabin.

The Methodist Episcopal Church was the first to enter the township, the first church being a log meeting house built in 1808. The First Presbyterian Church was erected in 1838. In 1839 this church split, the "New School" faction leaving the parent church. They united again in 1870. The United Presbyterian Church was organized in 1849 and the Union Church at Vincent in which several denominations worshiped was built in 1867. The Christian Church was organized in 1846.

The first school house was built in 1808-09 and was known as the "Old Hickory'' school house. A vivid glimpse into that early school house is afforded us in the papers left by Henry Earle Vincent:

"The house in which the pioneer children of Barlow township first learned their A, B, Cs, and to repeat 'In Adam's fall we sinned all,' was built entirely of rough hickory logs, with chimney of 'cat and clay,' and a broad fire-place wide enough to receive logs the length of a common fence-rail, which not only furnished fuel for fire but seats for the young urchins while warming themselves. The floor, benches and writing table were all made of rough-hewn puncheons—that is, logs split into slabs and some of the roughness 'scutched' off with a broad-axe. Small cavities were left in the back wall in which the ink-stands, containing the maple ink, were kept to protect it from the frost.

"The windows were made by cutting out a piece of a log six or eight feet in length and placing small sticks perpendicularly across the space at intervals, thus making a sash over which the paper was pasted. The paper used was generally the well-scribbled leaves of old copy books, as there were no newspapers in those days and blank paper was too scarce and too valuable to be used for such purposes. This paper was made transparent by being first generally coated with coon's grease or possum fat, and a fire-brand held to it until well-melted.

"The old schoolmaster was so deaf that the scholars would 'talk right out loud,' and often he would go to sleep and then the way the young rogues in 'home-spun and linsey' would 'cut-up' was nobody's business but the teacher's and he did not know it. When dismissed for noon, the first one on the ice was the best fellow—but the best fellow in this case happened to be a tall, portly girl, who generally led the van in all the sports. The old schoolhouse has long since, with the youthful actors in the scenes about its portals, passed away forever."

Barlow village was made in 1840 with John McCuig, Horatio Ford and Lyman Laflin as proprietors, and "consisted of eleven lots of fifty-four acres each and located near the Marietta and Belpre roads." Lyman Laflin opened the first store.

Fleming, a station on the old Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad, now a prosperous little hamlet on the Marietta, Columbus & Cleveland Railway, was laid out August 3, 1853, by Henry Earle Vincent, who kept the first postoffice. The first store was opened by Church B. Tuttle, and Enoch Preston kept the first tavern.

D. C. Lasure contributed the following on "Stores and Trade" of Barlow to the Barlow Centennial which is of interest:

Of the later advancements should be mentioned the Barlow Fair. It was started in a small way, in 1871, by William Thompson, I. B. Lawton, Frank Deming, William Moore, E. H. Palmer, Daniel Canfield, John Ormiston and others, and has grown year by year to its present greatness and importance. There is a tradition, of long standing in this county, that it never rains in the time of the Barlow Fair.

[Source: History of Marietta and Washington County, by Martin R. Andrews, MA, 1902, Transcribed by C. Anthony]

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