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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE CHEROKEE NATION
ADOPTED SEPTEMBER 6, 1839.
SUMMARY.

Source: The Oklahoma Red Book By Oklahoma, Oklahoma, Seth K Corden, William B Richards
Compiled by Seth K Corden, Published by s.n., 1912

Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer


Art. l. Boundaries.
Art. ll. Distribution of Power.
Art. III. Legislature.
Art. IV. Executive.
Art. V. Judiciary.
Art. VI. Miscellaneous Provisions.

AMENDMENTS.

Art. I. Modification of Boundary Rights.
Art. III. Providing for Census Legislative Apportionment. Giving lnter-married Whites and Negro Freedmen Political and other Rights.
Art. V. The Judiciary.
Art. VI. Prohibiting the Abridgment of Suffrage.
The Eastern and Western Cherokees having again reunited and become one body politic, under the style and title of the CHEROKEE NATION.; Therefore, We, the people of the Cherokee Nation, in National Convention assembled, in order to establish justice, insure tranquilly, promote the common welfare, and to secure ourselves and our posterity the
blessing of freedom acknowledging with humility and gratitude the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in permitting us to do so, and imploring His aid and guidance in its accomplishment do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Government of the Cherokee Nation.

ARTICLE I.

Section 1. The boundary of the Cherokee Nation shall be that described in the treaty of 1833, between the United States and Western Cherokees, subject to such extension as may be made in the adjustment of the unfinished business with the United States.

Section 2. The lands of the Cherokee Nation shall remain common property; but the improvements made thereon, and in the possession of the citizens of the Nation, are the exclusive and indefeasible property of the citizens respectively who made or may rightfully be in possession of them; provided, that the citizens of the Nation possessing exclusive and indefeasible right to their improvements, as expressed in this article, shall possess no right or power to dispose of their improvements, in any manner whatever, to the United States, individual states, or to individual citizens thereof; and that, whenever any citizens shall remove with hit effects out of the limits of this Nation, and become a citizen of an other government, all the rights and privilege as a citizen of this Nation shall cease; provided, nevertheless, that the National Council shall have power to readmit, by law, to all the rights of citizenship, any such person or persons who may, at any time, desire to return to the Nation, on memorializing the National Council for such readmission. Moreover, the National Council shall have power to adopt such laws and regulations, as its wisdom may deem expedient and proper, to prevent citizens from monopolizing improvements, with the view of speculation.

ARTICLE II.

Section 1. The power of this government shall be divided into three distinct departments the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial.

Section 2. No person or persons belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any of the powers properly belonging to either of the others except in the cases hereinafter expressly directed or permitted.

ARTICLE III.

Section 1. The Legislative power shall be vested in two distinct branches a National Committee and Council, and the style of their acts shall be: Be it enacted in the National Council.

Section 2. The National Council shall make provision, by law, for laying off the Cherokee Nation into eight districts; and, if subsequently it should be deemed expedient, one or two may be added thereto.


Section 3. The National Committee shall consist of two members from each district, and the Council shall consist of three members from each district, to be chosen by the qualified electors in their respective districts for two years; the elections to be held in the respective districts every two years, at such times and places as may be directed by law.
The National Council shall, after the present year, be held annually, to be convened on the first Monday in October at such places as may be designated by the National Council, or, in case of emergency, by the Principal Chief.


Section 4. Before the districts shall be laid off, any election which may take place, shall be by general vote of the electors throughout the Nation for all officers to be elected. The first election of all the officers of the government , Chiefs, Executive Council, Members of the National Council, Judges and Sheriffs shall be held at Tahlequah, before arriving of this Convention; and the term of services of all officers elected previous to the first Monday In October, 1839. shall be extended to embrace, in addition to the regular Constitutional term, the time intervening from their election to the first Monday in October, 1839.


Section 5. No person shall be eligible to a seat in the National Council but a free Cherokee male citizen, who shall have attained to the age of 25 years.
The descendants of Cherokee men by all free women, except the African race, whose parents who may have been living together as man and wife, according to the customs and laws of this Nation, shall be entitled to all the rights and privileges of this Nation, as well as the posterity of Cherokee women by all free men. No person who is of Negro or mulatto parentage, either by the father's or mother's side, shall be eligible to hold any office of profit, honor or trust under this government.


Section 6. The electors and members of the National Council shall in all cases, except treason, felony or breach of peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections and at the National Council, in going to and returning.


Section 7. In all elections by the people the electors shall vote viva voice.
All free male citizens, who shall have attained to the age of 18 years, shall be equally entitled to vote at all public elections.


Section 8. Each branch of the National Council shall judge of the qualifications and returns of its members, and determine the rules of its proceedings, punish a member for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member; but not a second time for the same offense.


Section 9. Each branch of the National Council, when assembled, shall choose its own officers; a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance of absent members in. such manner and under such penalty as each branch may prescribe.


Section 10. The members of the National Committee shall each receive from the Public Treasurer a compensation for the services, which shall be Three Dollars per day during their attendance at the National Council; and the members of the Council shall each receive Three Dollars per day for their services during their attendance at the National Council; provided, that the same may be increased or diminished by law; but no alteration shall take effect during the period of service of the members of the National Council by whom such alteration may have been made.


Section 11. The National Council shall regulate by law, by whom and in all manner writs of elections shall be issued to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof.


Section 12. Each member of the National Council, before he takes his seat, shall take the following oath or affirmation:
                    l, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be.) that l have not obtained my election by bribery, threats, or any undue or unlawful means, used by myself or                             others, by my desire and approbation for that purpose; that l consider myself constitution ally qualified as a member of and that on all questions and measures which may                     come before me, l will so give my vote, and so conduct myself, as in my judgment shall appear most conducive to the interest and prosperity of this Nation, and that l will                         bear true faith and allegiance to the same, and to the utmost of my ability and power, observe, conform to, support and defend the Constitution thereof.


Section 13. No person who may be convicted of felony shall be eligible to any office or appointment of honor, profit, or trust within this Nation.


Section 14. The National Council shall have power to make all laws and regulations which they shall deem necessary and proper for the good of the Nation, which shall not be contrary to the Constitution.


Section 15. It shall be the duty of the National Council to pass such laws as may be necessary and proper to decide differences by arbitration, to be appointed by the parties who may choose that summary mode of adjustment.


Section 16. No power of sustaining the laws of this Nation shall be exercised unless by the National Council or its authority.


Section 17. No retrospective law, nor any law impairing the obligation or contracts, shall be passed.


Section 18. The National Council shall have power to make laws for laying and collecting taxes for the purpose of raising a revenue.


Section 19. All bills making appropriations shall originate in the National Committee, but the Council may propose amendments or reject the same. All other bills may originate in either branch, subject to the concurrence or rejection of the other.


Section 20. All acknowledged treaties shall be the supreme law of the land, and the National Council shall have the sole power of deciding on the construction of all treaty stipulations.


Section 21. The Council shall have the sole power of impeachment. All impeachments shall be tried by the National Committee. When sitting for that purpose, the member shall be upon oath, or affirmation and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.


Section 22. The Principal Chief, Assistant Principal Chief, and all civil officers, shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit under the government of this Nation. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless, be liable to an indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment according to law.

ARTICLE IV.

Section 1. The Supreme Executive power of this Nation shall be vested in a Principal Chief, who shall be styled "The Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation."
The Principal Chief shall hold his office for the term of four years, and shall be elected by the qualified electors, on the same day and at the places where they shall respectively vote for members to the National Council.
The terms of the election for Principal Chiefs shall be sealed up and directed to the President of the National Committee, who shall open and publish them in the presence of the National Council assembled. The person having the highest number of votes shall be Principal Chief, but if two or more shall be equal and highest in votes, out of them shall be chosen by joint vote of both branches of the Council. The manner of determining contested elections shall be directed by law.

Section 2. No person, except a natural born citizen, shall be eligible to the office of Principal Chief; neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age of thirty-five years.


Section 3. There shall also be chosen at the same time by Hie qualified electors in the same manner for four years, an Assistant Principal Chief, who shall have attained to the age of thirty-five years.


Section 4. In case of the removal of the Principal Chief from office, or of his death or resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of said office, the same shall evolve on the Assistant Principal Chief, until the disability be removed, or the vacancy filled by the National Council.


Section 5. The National Council may. by law, provide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or disability of both the Principal and Assistant Principal Chiefs, declaring what officer shall then act as Principal Chief until the disability be removed, or a Principal Chief shall be elected.


Section 6. The Principal and Assistant Principal Chief shall, at stat»rt times, receive for their services a compensation which shall neither be increased or diminished during the period for which they shall have been elected, and they shall not receive within that period, any other emolument from the Cherokee Nation or any other government.


Section 7. Before the principal Chief enters on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation: l do solemnly swear or affirm that l will faithfully execute the duties of Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend this Constitution of the Cherokee Nation.


Section 8. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the National Council at the seat of government.


Section 9. He shall, from time to time give to the National Council information of the state of government ,and recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem expedient.


Sec. 10. Ho shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.


Sec. 11. It shall be his duty to visit the different districts at least once in two years, to inform himself of the general condition of the country.


Sec. 12. The Assistant Chief shall, by virtue of his office, aid and advise the Principal Chief, in the administration of the government at all times during his continuance in office.


Sec. 13. Vacancies that may occur in offices, the appointment of which is vested in the National Council, shall be filled by the Principal Chief during the recess of the National Council by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of the next session thereof.


Sec. 14. Every bill which shall pass both branches of the National Council, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Principal Chief; if ho approves, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections, to that branch in which it may have originated from, who shall enter the objections at large on their journals and proceed to reconsider it; if, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that branch shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other branch, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and. if approved by two-thirds of that branch, it shall become a law. If any bills shall not be returned by the Principal Chief within five days (Sundays excepted), after the same has been presented to him, it shall become a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the National Council, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law,

unless sent back within three days, after their next meeting.

Sec. 15. Members of the National Council, and all officers, executive and judicial, shall be bound by oath to support the Constitution of this Nation and to perform the duties of their respective offices with fidelity.


Sec. 16. In case of disagreements between the two branches of the National Council with respect to the time of adjournment, the Principal Chief shall have power to adjourn the same to such time as he may deem proper; Provided, It be not a period beyond the next constitutional meeting thereof.


Sec. 17. The Principal Chief shall, during the session of the National Council, attend at the seat of government.


Sec. 18. There shall be a Council composed of five persons, to be appointed by the National Council, whom the Principal Chief shall have full power at his discretion to assemble; he, together with the Assistant Principal Chief, and the Councilors, or a majority of them, may, from time to time hold and keep a council for ordering and directing the affairs of the Nation according to law; Provided, The National Council shall have power to reduce the number, if deemed expedient, after the first term of service, to a number not less than three.


Sec. 19. The members of the Executive Council shall be chosen for a term of two years.


Sec. 20. The resolutions and advice of the Council shall be recorded in a register, and signed by the members agreeing thereto, which may be called for by either branch of the National Council; and any Councilor may enter his dissent to the majority.


Sec. 21. The Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation shall be chosen by joint vote by both branches of the National Council for a term of four years.


Sec. 22. The Treasurer, shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, give bond to the Nation with sureties, to the satisfaction of the National Council, for the faithful discharge of his trust.


Sec. 23. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but by warrant from the Principal Chief, and in consequence of appropriations made by law.


Sec. 24. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive all public moneys, and to make a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public moneys at the annual session of the National Council.

ARTICLE V.

Sec. 1. The judicial powers shall be vested in a Supreme Court, and such Circuit and inferior courts as the National Council may, from time to time, ordain and establish.

Sec. 2. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Court shall hold their commissions for the term of four years, but any of them may be removed from office on the address of two-thirds of each branch of the National Council to the Principal Chief for that purpose.


Sec. 3. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall, at stated times, receive a compensation which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office, but they shall receive no fees or per- requisites of office, nor hold any other office of profit or trust under the government of this Nation, or any other power.


Sec. 4. No person shall be appointed a judge of any of the courts until he shall have attained the age of thirty years.


Sec. 5. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall be elected by the National Council, and there shall be appointed in each district as many justices of the peace as it may be deemed expedient for the public good, whose power, duties, and duration in office shall be clearly designated by law.


Sec. 6. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall have complete criminal jurisdiction in such cases, and in such manner as may be pointed out by law.


Sec. 7. No judge shall sit on trial of any cause when the parties are connected with him by affinity or consanguinity, except by consent of the parties. in case all of the judges of the Supreme Court shall be interested in the issue of any cause, or related to all or either of the parties, the National Council may provide by law for the selection of a suitable number of persons of good character and knowledge, for the determination thereof, and who shall be specially commissioned for the adjudication of such cases by the Principal Chief.


Sec. 8. All writs and other processes shall run "in the name of the Cherokee Nation," and bear test and be signed by the respective clerks.


Sec. 9. indictments shall conclude, "Against the peace and dignity of the Cherokee Nation."


Sec. 10. The Supreme Court, shall, after the present year, hold its session annually at the seat of government, to be convened on the first Monday of October in each year.


Sec. 11. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right of being heard; of demanding the nature and cause of the accusation: of meeting the witnesses face to face; of having compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his or their favor; and in prosecution by indictment or inclination, a speedy public trial, by an impartial jury of the vicinage; nor shall the accused be compelled to give evidence against himself.


Sec. 12. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and possessions from unreasonable seizures and searches, and no warrant to search an place, or to seize any person or thing, shall issue, without describing them as nearly as may be, nor without good cause, supported by oath or affirmation.


Sec. 13. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient securities unless for capital offenses, where the proof ls evident or presumption great.

ARTICLE VI.

Section 1. No person who denies the being of a GOD or future state of reward and punishment, shall hold any office in the civil department of this Nation.

Sec. 2. The free exercise of religious worship, and serving God without distinction, shall forever be enjoyed within the limits of this Nation; Provided, That this liberty of conscience shall not be construed as to excuse acts of lawlessness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of this Nation.


Sec. 3. When the National Council shall determine the expediency of appointing delegates, or other public agents, for the purpose of transacting business with the government of the United States, the Principal Chief shall recommend, and, by advice and consent of the National Committee, appoint and commission such delegates or public agents accordingly.

On all matters of interest, touching the rights of the citizens of this Nation, which may require the attention of the United States Government, the Principal Chief shall keep up a friendly correspondence with that government through the medium of its proper officers.

Sec. 4. All commissions shall be "In the Name and by the Authority of the Cherokee Nation," and be sealed with the seal of the Nation, and signed by the Principal Chief. The Principal Chief shall make use of his private seal until a national seal shall be provided.


Sec. 5. A Sheriff shall be elected in each district by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold his office two years unless sooner removed. Should a vacancy occur subsequent to an election it shall be filled by the Principal Chief, as in other cases, and the person so appointed shall continue in office until the next regular election.


Sec. 6. No person shall, for the same offense be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall the property of any person be taken and applied to public use without a just and fair compensation; proceeded, that nothing in this clause shall be so construed as to impair the right and power of the National Council to lay and collect taxes.


Sec. 7. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate and every person, for injury sustained in person, property, or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law.


Sec. 8. The appointment of all officers, not otherwise directed by this Constitution, shall be vested in the National Council.


Sec. 9. Religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good government, the preservation of liberty, and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged in this Nation.


Sec. 10. The National Council may propose such amendments to this Constitution as two-thirds of each branch may deem expedient, and the Principal Chief shall issue a proclamation, directing all civil officers of the several districts to promulgate the same as extensively as possible within their respective districts at least six months previous to the next general election. And if, at the first session of the National Council, after such a general election, two thirds of each branch shall, by ayes and noes, ratify such proposed amendment, they shall be valid to all intent and purposes, as parts of this constitution; Provided, That such proposed amendments shall be read on three several days in each branch, as well when the same are proposed, as when they are ratified. Done in convention at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, this sixth day of September, 1839.

GEORGE LOWREY,

President of the National Convention.

Hair Conrad, his X mark.
Jesse Russell

John Benge, his X mark
John Fletcher Boot, his X mark

Archibald Campboll, his X mark.
George Guess, his X mark
Thomas Cady
Walter Scott Adair
John Drew
Younger Elders his X mark
Richard Taylor
Will Shorer Coodey
Thomas Fox Taylor
Thomas Foreman
O-kan-sto-tah Logan his X mark
Crying Bufflo his X mark
James Spears his X mark
On-la-yo-a his X mark
Stephen Foreman
Soft Shell Turtle his X mark
Young Glass his X mark
Edward Gunter
Loney Price
Daniel Colston his X mark
Tobacoo Will his X mark
Lewis Ross
Major Pullum his X mark
George Hicks
Moses Parris
Turtle Fields his X mark
George Washington Gunter
Elijah Hicks
Kench Logan his X mark
Tah-lah-see-nee his X mark
Young Wolfe
James Brown
Joseph Martin Lynch
Charles Coodey
Sal-la-tee-skee Watts his X mark
Riley Keys
George Brewer his X mark
Daniel McCoy
Joshua Buffington
Lewis Melton
Lesse Bushyhead

PROCLAMATION AND AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.
Adopted November 26, 1866.

PROCLAMATION BY THE PRINCIPAL CHIEF.


Whereas, The National Council adopted certain amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation and submitted same to a general convention of the people of the Cherokee Nation, called at Tahlequah, on the 26th day of November, A. D., 1866, and which said amendments, with the preamble thereto attached, were in the following words, to wit:


Whereas, By the treaty executed at Washington, on the 19th day of July, A. D., 1866. between the United States and the Cherokee Nation, through its delegation, ratified by the Senate and officially promulgated by the President of the United States, August 11, 1866, certain things were agreed to between the parties to said treaty, involving changes in the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation, which changes cannot be accomplished by the usual mode; and


Whereas, It is the desire of the people and government of the Cherokee Nation to carry out in good faith all of its obligations, to the end that law and order be preserved and the institutions of their government maintained: therefore.


Be it Resolved by the National Council. That the following Amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation be submitted to a convention of the Cherokee people, to assemble at Tahlequah, on the twenty- sixth (26) day of November, A. D., 1866, under the proclamation of the Principal Chief; and should said amendments hereunto annexed, be ratified by said Convention, then they shall be officially published, and declared by the Principal Chief to be, and shall constitute a part, or parts of the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation.


AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE I.


Section 1. The boundary of the Cherokee Nation shall be that described in the treaty of 1833, between the United State and the Western Cherokees, subject to such modifications as may be made necessary by the 17th Article of the treaty concluded at Washington City on the 19th day of July, 1866, between the United State and the Cherokee Nation.


Sec. 2. The lands of the Cherokee Nation shall remain common property until the National Council shall request the survey and allotment of the same. in accordance with the provisions of Article 20 of the treaty of 19th of July, 1866, between the United States and the Cherokee Nation.

AMENDMENTS TO ARTICLE III.


Section 1. The Upper House of the National Council, known as the National Committee, shall be hereafter known and styled the Senate of the Cherokee Nation, and shall consist of two Senators for every district in the Cherokee Nation.


Sec. 2. The Council shall consist of two members from each district, and when a district shall exceed two hundred voters it shall have an additional member, and for every additional two hundred voters in said district, upwards of four hundred, it shall have an additional member; Provided, That when any district shall have less than one hundred voters according to the census, it shall be still entitled to one representative.


Sec. 3. in order to ascertain and fix the representation to the Council provided for by the preceding section, the National Council shall cause to be taken, as soon as practicable, a census of the population of the Cherokee Nation, according to districts. A second census shall be taken in like manner in the year 1810, and each ten years thereafter, and the National Council shall regularly apportion representation among the several districts, and provided in the preceding section, agreeably to such census. The first apportionment, provided for above, shall be made before the first day of June, and shall govern the election to be held on the first Monday in August, 1867.


Sec. 4. The National Council shall, after the present year, be held annually, to be convened on the first Monday in November, at such place as may be designated by. the National Council, or in case of emergency, by the Principal Chief.


Sec. 5. No person shall be eligible to a seat in the National Council but a male citizen of the Cherokee Nation who shall have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and who shall have been a bona fide resident of the district in which he may be elected, at least six months immediately preceding such election. All native born Cherokees, all Indians, and whites legally members of the Nation by adoption, and all freedmen who have been freed by voluntary act of their former owners or by law, as well as free colored persons who were in this country at the commencement of the rebellion, and are now residents therein, or who may return within six months from the 19th day of July, 1866, and their descendent's, who reside within the limits of the Cherokee Nation, shall be taken, and deemed to be, citizens of the Cherokee Nation.


Sec. 6. The members of the National Council shall each receive from the public treasury a compensation for their services, which shall be Three Dollars per day, during their attendance at the National Council upon any regular session, not exceeding thirty days; Provided, That the per diem allowance may be increased or diminished by law; but no alteration shall take effect during the period of service of the members of the National Council, by whom such alteration may have been made.


Sec. 7. All male citizens who have attained the age of eighteen years, shall be deemed qualified electors of the Cherokee Nation, and there shall be no restrictions by law, save such as are required for persons convicted of crime, or for such limit as to residence, not exceeding six months in the district where the vote is offered, as may be required by census or registration.

AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE VI.


Section 1. The Supreme Court shall consist of three Judges, who shall be elected by the National Council, and whose duties, jurisdiction and compensation, shall be defined by law, in the manner prescribed by the Constitution. The National Council, at its annual session in 1861, shall elect one of the Supreme Judges for three years, one for two years, and one for one year, and at each annual session of the National Council thereafter, shall elect one Supreme Judge, whose official term shall be three years.


Sec. 2. The Judges of the Circuit Court shall hereafter be elected by the people, for the term of four years, and shall have tire same jurisdiction, discharge the same duties, and be compensated in the same manner as is now provided for by the Constitution. There shall be elected in like manner in and for each district as many judges as it may Poe deemed expedient for the public good, whose powers, duties and duration in office shall be clearly designated by law.


AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE VII.


Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever hereafter exist in the Cherokee Nation, otherwise than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; and any provision of the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation conflicting with the foregoing section, is hereby repealed.


Sec. 2. The persons now holding office shall continue therein, except as may be otherwise expressly provided by law for the Canadian District, until their successors be commissioned in November, 1867. Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, November 26, 1866.

SMITH CHRISTIE,

President National Committee.

Concurred: WRITER,
Speaker of Council.
Approved: WILL P. ROSS, -

At a general convention of the people of the Cherokee Nation on the 28th day of November, A. D., 1866, for the purpose of taking into consideration the foregoing amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation; and whereof, Riley Keys, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was chosen president, and Budd Gritts, secretary; the said amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation were read, considered, and severally approved, and adopted by the Cherokee people. In testimony whereof, the President and Secretary of said convention have subscribed the same at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, on this the 28th day of November, A. D. 1866.

RILEY KEYS,
President of the Convention.

BUDD GRITTS, Secretary.

And, Whereas, The foregoing amendments to the Constitution were duly submitted to the said general convention of the Cherokee People, and were severally read, considered, and adopted on the 28th day of November, A. D. 1866; now.

Therefore, Be it known that l, William P. Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, do issue this, my proclamation, declaring said amendments to be a part of the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation.


In testimony whereof, l have hereunto subscribed my name, this the 7th day of December, A. D. 1868.

WILL P. ROSS,
Principal Chief.

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