THE CONSTITUTION OF THE CHEROKEE NATION
ADOPTED SEPTEMBER 6, 1839.
Source: The Oklahoma Red Book By Oklahoma, Oklahoma, Seth K Corden, William
Compiled by Seth K Corden, Published by s.n., 1912
Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer
Art. l. Boundaries.
Art. ll. Distribution of Power.
Art. III. Legislature.
Art. IV. Executive.
Art. V. Judiciary.
Art. VI. Miscellaneous Provisions.
Art. I. Modification of Boundary Rights.
Art. III. Providing for Census Legislative Apportionment. Giving lnter-married Whites and Negro
Freedmen Political and other Rights.
Art. V. The Judiciary.
Art. VI. Prohibiting the Abridgment of Suffrage.
The Eastern and Western Cherokees having again reunited and become one body politic, under the
style and title of the CHEROKEE NATION.; Therefore, We, the people of the Cherokee Nation, in National Convention
assembled, in order to establish justice, insure tranquilly, promote the common welfare, and to secure ourselves
and our posterity the
blessing of freedom acknowledging with humility and gratitude the goodness of the Sovereign
Ruler of the Universe in permitting us to do so, and imploring His aid and guidance in its accomplishment do ordain
and establish this Constitution for the Government of the Cherokee Nation.
Section 1. The boundary of the Cherokee Nation shall be that described in the treaty of 1833,
between the United States and Western Cherokees, subject to such extension as may be made in the adjustment of
the unfinished business with the United States.
Section 2. The lands of the Cherokee Nation shall remain common property; but the improvements made thereon, and
in the possession of the citizens of the Nation, are the exclusive and indefeasible property of the citizens respectively
who made or may rightfully be in possession of them; provided, that the citizens of the Nation possessing exclusive
and indefeasible right to their improvements, as expressed in this article, shall possess no right or power to
dispose of their improvements, in any manner whatever, to the United States, individual states, or to individual
citizens thereof; and that, whenever any citizens shall remove with hit effects out of the limits of this Nation,
and become a citizen of an other government, all the rights and privilege as a citizen of this Nation shall cease;
provided, nevertheless, that the National Council shall have power to readmit, by law, to all the rights of citizenship,
any such person or persons who may, at any time, desire to return to the Nation, on memorializing the National
Council for such readmission. Moreover, the National Council shall have power to adopt such laws and regulations,
as its wisdom may deem expedient and proper, to prevent citizens from monopolizing improvements, with the view
Section 1. The power of this government shall be divided into three distinct departments
the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial.
Section 2. No person or persons belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any of the powers properly
belonging to either of the others except in the cases hereinafter expressly directed or permitted.
Section 1. The Legislative power shall be vested in two distinct branches a National Committee
and Council, and the style of their acts shall be: Be it enacted in the National Council.
Section 2. The National Council shall make provision, by law, for laying off the Cherokee Nation into eight districts;
and, if subsequently it should be deemed expedient, one or two may be added thereto.
Section 3. The National Committee shall consist of two members from each district, and the Council shall consist
of three members from each district, to be chosen by the qualified electors in their respective districts for two
years; the elections to be held in the respective districts every two years, at such times and places as may be
directed by law.
The National Council shall, after the present year, be held annually, to be convened on the first Monday in October
at such places as may be designated by the National Council, or, in case of emergency, by the Principal Chief.
Section 4. Before the districts shall be laid off, any election which may take place, shall be by general vote
of the electors throughout the Nation for all officers to be elected. The first election of all the officers of
the government , Chiefs, Executive Council, Members of the National Council, Judges and Sheriffs shall be held
at Tahlequah, before arriving of this Convention; and the term of services of all officers elected previous to
the first Monday In October, 1839. shall be extended to embrace, in addition to the regular Constitutional term,
the time intervening from their election to the first Monday in October, 1839.
Section 5. No person shall be eligible to a seat in the National Council but a free Cherokee male citizen, who
shall have attained to the age of 25 years.
The descendants of Cherokee men by all free women, except the African race, whose parents who may have been living
together as man and wife, according to the customs and laws of this Nation, shall be entitled to all the rights
and privileges of this Nation, as well as the posterity of Cherokee women by all free men. No person who is of
Negro or mulatto parentage, either by the father's or mother's side, shall be eligible to hold any office of profit,
honor or trust under this government.
Section 6. The electors and members of the National Council shall in all cases, except treason, felony or breach
of peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at elections and at the National Council, in going
to and returning.
Section 7. In all elections by the people the electors shall vote viva voice.
All free male citizens, who shall have attained to the age of 18 years, shall be equally entitled to vote at all
Section 8. Each branch of the National Council shall judge of the qualifications and returns of its members, and
determine the rules of its proceedings, punish a member for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds,
expel a member; but not a second time for the same offense.
Section 9. Each branch of the National Council, when assembled, shall choose its own officers; a majority of each
shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and compel the attendance
of absent members in. such manner and under such penalty as each branch may prescribe.
Section 10. The members of the National Committee shall each receive from the Public Treasurer a compensation for
the services, which shall be Three Dollars per day during their attendance at the National Council; and the members
of the Council shall each receive Three Dollars per day for their services during their attendance at the National
Council; provided, that the same may be increased or diminished by law; but no alteration shall take effect during
the period of service of the members of the National Council by whom such alteration may have been made.
Section 11. The National Council shall regulate by law, by whom and in all manner writs of elections shall be issued
to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof.
Section 12. Each member of the National Council, before he takes his seat, shall take the following oath or affirmation:
l, A. B., do solemnly
swear (or affirm, as the case may be.) that l have not obtained my election by bribery, threats, or any undue or
unlawful means, used by myself or
others, by my desire and approbation for that purpose; that l consider myself
constitution ally qualified as a member of and that on all questions and measures which may
come before me, l will so give my vote,
and so conduct myself, as in my judgment shall appear most conducive to the interest and prosperity of this Nation,
and that l will
bear true faith and allegiance to the same, and to the utmost of my ability and power, observe,
conform to, support and defend the Constitution thereof.
Section 13. No person who may be convicted of felony shall be eligible to any office or appointment of honor, profit,
or trust within this Nation.
Section 14. The National Council shall have power to make all laws and regulations which they shall deem necessary
and proper for the good of the Nation, which shall not be contrary to the Constitution.
Section 15. It shall be the duty of the National Council to pass such laws as may be necessary and proper to decide
differences by arbitration, to be appointed by the parties who may choose that summary mode of adjustment.
Section 16. No power of sustaining the laws of this Nation shall be exercised unless by the National Council or
Section 17. No retrospective law, nor any law impairing the obligation or contracts, shall be passed.
Section 18. The National Council shall have power to make laws for laying and collecting taxes for the purpose
of raising a revenue.
Section 19. All bills making appropriations shall originate in the National Committee, but the Council may propose
amendments or reject the same. All other bills may originate in either branch, subject to the concurrence or rejection
of the other.
Section 20. All acknowledged treaties shall be the supreme law of the land, and the National Council shall have
the sole power of deciding on the construction of all treaty stipulations.
Section 21. The Council shall have the sole power of impeachment. All impeachments shall be tried by the National
Committee. When sitting for that purpose, the member shall be upon oath, or affirmation and no person shall be
convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.
Section 22. The Principal Chief, Assistant Principal Chief, and all civil officers, shall be liable to impeachment
for misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than removal from office, and disqualification
to hold any office of honor, trust or profit under the government of this Nation. The party, whether convicted
or acquitted, shall nevertheless, be liable to an indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment according to law.
Section 1. The Supreme Executive power of this Nation shall be vested in a Principal Chief,
who shall be styled "The Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation."
The Principal Chief shall hold his office for the term of four years, and shall be elected by
the qualified electors, on the same day and at the places where they shall respectively vote for members to the
The terms of the election for Principal Chiefs shall be sealed up and directed to the President
of the National Committee, who shall open and publish them in the presence of the National Council assembled. The
person having the highest number of votes shall be Principal Chief, but if two or more shall be equal and highest
in votes, out of them shall be chosen by joint vote of both branches of the Council. The manner of determining
contested elections shall be directed by law.
Section 2. No person, except a natural born citizen, shall be eligible to the office of Principal Chief; neither
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age of thirty-five years.
Section 3. There shall also be chosen at the same time by Hie qualified electors in the same manner for four years,
an Assistant Principal Chief, who shall have attained to the age of thirty-five years.
Section 4. In case of the removal of the Principal Chief from office, or of his death or resignation, or inability
to discharge the powers and duties of said office, the same shall evolve on the Assistant Principal Chief, until
the disability be removed, or the vacancy filled by the National Council.
Section 5. The National Council may. by law, provide for the case of removal, death, resignation, or disability
of both the Principal and Assistant Principal Chiefs, declaring what officer shall then act as Principal Chief
until the disability be removed, or a Principal Chief shall be elected.
Section 6. The Principal and Assistant Principal Chief shall, at stat»rt times, receive for their services
a compensation which shall neither be increased or diminished during the period for which they shall have been
elected, and they shall not receive within that period, any other emolument from the Cherokee Nation or any other
Section 7. Before the principal Chief enters on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or
affirmation: l do solemnly swear or affirm that l will faithfully execute the duties of Principal Chief of the
Cherokee Nation, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend this Constitution of the Cherokee
Section 8. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the National Council at the seat of government.
Section 9. He shall, from time to time give to the National Council information of the state of government ,and
recommend to their consideration such measures as he may deem expedient.
Sec. 10. Ho shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
Sec. 11. It shall be his duty to visit the different districts at least once in two years, to inform himself of
the general condition of the country.
Sec. 12. The Assistant Chief shall, by virtue of his office, aid and advise the Principal Chief, in the administration
of the government at all times during his continuance in office.
Sec. 13. Vacancies that may occur in offices, the appointment of which is vested in the National Council, shall
be filled by the Principal Chief during the recess of the National Council by granting commissions which shall
expire at the end of the next session thereof.
Sec. 14. Every bill which shall pass both branches of the National Council, shall, before it becomes a law, be
presented to the Principal Chief; if ho approves, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it with his objections,
to that branch in which it may have originated from, who shall enter the objections at large on their journals
and proceed to reconsider it; if, after such reconsideration, two-thirds of that branch shall agree to pass the
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other branch, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered,
and. if approved by two-thirds of that branch, it shall become a law. If any bills shall not be returned by the
Principal Chief within five days (Sundays excepted), after the same has been presented to him, it shall become
a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the National Council, by their adjournment, prevent its return,
in which case it shall be a law,
unless sent back within three days, after their next meeting.
Sec. 15. Members of the National Council, and all officers, executive and judicial, shall be bound by oath to support
the Constitution of this Nation and to perform the duties of their respective offices with fidelity.
Sec. 16. In case of disagreements between the two branches of the National Council with respect to the time of
adjournment, the Principal Chief shall have power to adjourn the same to such time as he may deem proper; Provided,
It be not a period beyond the next constitutional meeting thereof.
Sec. 17. The Principal Chief shall, during the session of the National Council, attend at the seat of government.
Sec. 18. There shall be a Council composed of five persons, to be appointed by the National Council, whom the Principal
Chief shall have full power at his discretion to assemble; he, together with the Assistant Principal Chief, and
the Councilors, or a majority of them, may, from time to time hold and keep a council for ordering and directing
the affairs of the Nation according to law; Provided, The National Council shall have power to reduce the number,
if deemed expedient, after the first term of service, to a number not less than three.
Sec. 19. The members of the Executive Council shall be chosen for a term of two years.
Sec. 20. The resolutions and advice of the Council shall be recorded in a register, and signed by the members agreeing
thereto, which may be called for by either branch of the National Council; and any Councilor may enter his dissent
to the majority.
Sec. 21. The Treasurer of the Cherokee Nation shall be chosen by joint vote by both branches of the National Council
for a term of four years.
Sec. 22. The Treasurer, shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, give bond to the Nation with sureties,
to the satisfaction of the National Council, for the faithful discharge of his trust.
Sec. 23. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but by warrant from the Principal Chief, and in consequence
of appropriations made by law.
Sec. 24. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to receive all public moneys, and to make a regular statement and
account of the receipts and expenditures of all public moneys at the annual session of the National Council.
Sec. 1. The judicial powers shall be vested in a Supreme Court, and such Circuit and inferior
courts as the National Council may, from time to time, ordain and establish.
Sec. 2. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Court shall hold their commissions for the term of four years, but
any of them may be removed from office on the address of two-thirds of each branch of the National Council to the
Principal Chief for that purpose.
Sec. 3. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall, at stated times, receive a compensation which shall
not be diminished during their continuance in office, but they shall receive no fees or per- requisites of office,
nor hold any other office of profit or trust under the government of this Nation, or any other power.
Sec. 4. No person shall be appointed a judge of any of the courts until he shall have attained the age of thirty
Sec. 5. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall be elected by the National Council, and there shall
be appointed in each district as many justices of the peace as it may be deemed expedient for the public good,
whose power, duties, and duration in office shall be clearly designated by law.
Sec. 6. The judges of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall have complete criminal jurisdiction in such cases, and
in such manner as may be pointed out by law.
Sec. 7. No judge shall sit on trial of any cause when the parties are connected with him by affinity or consanguinity,
except by consent of the parties. in case all of the judges of the Supreme Court shall be interested in the issue
of any cause, or related to all or either of the parties, the National Council may provide by law for the selection
of a suitable number of persons of good character and knowledge, for the determination thereof, and who shall be
specially commissioned for the adjudication of such cases by the Principal Chief.
Sec. 8. All writs and other processes shall run "in the name of the Cherokee Nation," and bear test and
be signed by the respective clerks.
Sec. 9. indictments shall conclude, "Against the peace and dignity of the Cherokee Nation."
Sec. 10. The Supreme Court, shall, after the present year, hold its session annually at the seat of government,
to be convened on the first Monday of October in each year.
Sec. 11. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right of being heard; of demanding the nature
and cause of the accusation: of meeting the witnesses face to face; of having compulsory process for obtaining
witnesses in his or their favor; and in prosecution by indictment or inclination, a speedy public trial, by an
impartial jury of the vicinage; nor shall the accused be compelled to give evidence against himself.
Sec. 12. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and possessions from unreasonable seizures
and searches, and no warrant to search an place, or to seize any person or thing, shall issue, without describing
them as nearly as may be, nor without good cause, supported by oath or affirmation.
Sec. 13. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient securities unless for capital offenses, where the proof ls
evident or presumption great.
Section 1. No person who denies the being of a GOD or future state of reward and punishment,
shall hold any office in the civil department of this Nation.
Sec. 2. The free exercise of religious worship, and serving God without distinction, shall forever be enjoyed within
the limits of this Nation; Provided, That this liberty of conscience shall not be construed as to excuse acts of
lawlessness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace and safety of this Nation.
Sec. 3. When the National Council shall determine the expediency of appointing delegates, or other public agents,
for the purpose of transacting business with the government of the United States, the Principal Chief shall recommend,
and, by advice and consent of the National Committee, appoint and commission such delegates or public agents accordingly.
On all matters of interest, touching the rights of the citizens of this Nation, which may require
the attention of the United States Government, the Principal Chief shall keep up a friendly correspondence with
that government through the medium of its proper officers.
Sec. 4. All commissions shall be "In the Name and by the Authority of the Cherokee Nation," and be sealed
with the seal of the Nation, and signed by the Principal Chief. The Principal Chief shall make use of his private
seal until a national seal shall be provided.
Sec. 5. A Sheriff shall be elected in each district by the qualified electors thereof, who shall hold his office
two years unless sooner removed. Should a vacancy occur subsequent to an election it shall be filled by the Principal
Chief, as in other cases, and the person so appointed shall continue in office until the next regular election.
Sec. 6. No person shall, for the same offense be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall the property
of any person be taken and applied to public use without a just and fair compensation; proceeded, that nothing
in this clause shall be so construed as to impair the right and power of the National Council to lay and collect
Sec. 7. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate and every person, for injury sustained in person, property,
or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law.
Sec. 8. The appointment of all officers, not otherwise directed by this Constitution, shall be vested in the National
Sec. 9. Religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good government, the preservation of liberty, and the
happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged in this Nation.
Sec. 10. The National Council may propose such amendments to this Constitution as two-thirds of each branch may
deem expedient, and the Principal Chief shall issue a proclamation, directing all civil officers of the several
districts to promulgate the same as extensively as possible within their respective districts at least six months
previous to the next general election. And if, at the first session of the National Council, after such a general
election, two thirds of each branch shall, by ayes and noes, ratify such proposed amendment, they shall be valid
to all intent and purposes, as parts of this constitution; Provided, That such proposed amendments shall be read
on three several days in each branch, as well when the same are proposed, as when they are ratified. Done in convention
at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, this sixth day of September, 1839.
President of the National Convention.
Hair Conrad, his X mark.
John Benge, his X mark
John Fletcher Boot, his X mark
Archibald Campboll, his X mark.
George Guess, his X mark
Walter Scott Adair
Younger Elders his X mark
Will Shorer Coodey
Thomas Fox Taylor
O-kan-sto-tah Logan his X mark
Crying Bufflo his X mark
James Spears his X mark
On-la-yo-a his X mark
Soft Shell Turtle his X mark
Young Glass his X mark
Daniel Colston his X mark
Tobacoo Will his X mark
Major Pullum his X mark
Turtle Fields his X mark
George Washington Gunter
Kench Logan his X mark
Tah-lah-see-nee his X mark
Joseph Martin Lynch
Sal-la-tee-skee Watts his X mark
George Brewer his X mark
PROCLAMATION AND AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION.
Adopted November 26, 1866.
PROCLAMATION BY THE PRINCIPAL CHIEF.
Whereas, The National Council adopted certain amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation and submitted
same to a general convention of the people of the Cherokee Nation, called at Tahlequah, on the 26th day of November,
A. D., 1866, and which said amendments, with the preamble thereto attached, were in the following words, to wit:
Whereas, By the treaty executed at Washington, on the 19th day of July, A. D., 1866. between the United States
and the Cherokee Nation, through its delegation, ratified by the Senate and officially promulgated by the President
of the United States, August 11, 1866, certain things were agreed to between the parties to said treaty, involving
changes in the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation, which changes cannot be accomplished by the usual mode; and
Whereas, It is the desire of the people and government of the Cherokee Nation to carry out in good faith all of
its obligations, to the end that law and order be preserved and the institutions of their government maintained:
Be it Resolved by the National Council. That the following Amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation
be submitted to a convention of the Cherokee people, to assemble at Tahlequah, on the twenty- sixth (26) day of
November, A. D., 1866, under the proclamation of the Principal Chief; and should said amendments hereunto annexed,
be ratified by said Convention, then they shall be officially published, and declared by the Principal Chief to
be, and shall constitute a part, or parts of the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation.
AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE I.
Section 1. The boundary of the Cherokee Nation shall be that described in the treaty of 1833, between the United
State and the Western Cherokees, subject to such modifications as may be made necessary by the 17th Article of
the treaty concluded at Washington City on the 19th day of July, 1866, between the United State and the Cherokee
Sec. 2. The lands of the Cherokee Nation shall remain common property until the National Council shall request
the survey and allotment of the same. in accordance with the provisions of Article 20 of the treaty of 19th of
July, 1866, between the United States and the Cherokee Nation.
AMENDMENTS TO ARTICLE III.
Section 1. The Upper House of the National Council, known as the National Committee, shall be hereafter known and
styled the Senate of the Cherokee Nation, and shall consist of two Senators for every district in the Cherokee
Sec. 2. The Council shall consist of two members from each district, and when a district shall exceed two hundred
voters it shall have an additional member, and for every additional two hundred voters in said district, upwards
of four hundred, it shall have an additional member; Provided, That when any district shall have less than one
hundred voters according to the census, it shall be still entitled to one representative.
Sec. 3. in order to ascertain and fix the representation to the Council provided for by the preceding section,
the National Council shall cause to be taken, as soon as practicable, a census of the population of the Cherokee
Nation, according to districts. A second census shall be taken in like manner in the year 1810, and each ten years
thereafter, and the National Council shall regularly apportion representation among the several districts, and
provided in the preceding section, agreeably to such census. The first apportionment, provided for above, shall
be made before the first day of June, and shall govern the election to be held on the first Monday in August, 1867.
Sec. 4. The National Council shall, after the present year, be held annually, to be convened on the first Monday
in November, at such place as may be designated by. the National Council, or in case of emergency, by the Principal
Sec. 5. No person shall be eligible to a seat in the National Council but a male citizen of the Cherokee Nation
who shall have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and who shall have been a bona fide resident of the district
in which he may be elected, at least six months immediately preceding such election. All native born Cherokees,
all Indians, and whites legally members of the Nation by adoption, and all freedmen who have been freed by voluntary
act of their former owners or by law, as well as free colored persons who were in this country at the commencement
of the rebellion, and are now residents therein, or who may return within six months from the 19th day of July,
1866, and their descendent's, who reside within the limits of the Cherokee Nation, shall be taken, and deemed to
be, citizens of the Cherokee Nation.
Sec. 6. The members of the National Council shall each receive from the public treasury a compensation for their
services, which shall be Three Dollars per day, during their attendance at the National Council upon any regular
session, not exceeding thirty days; Provided, That the per diem allowance may be increased or diminished by law;
but no alteration shall take effect during the period of service of the members of the National Council, by whom
such alteration may have been made.
Sec. 7. All male citizens who have attained the age of eighteen years, shall be deemed qualified electors of the
Cherokee Nation, and there shall be no restrictions by law, save such as are required for persons convicted of
crime, or for such limit as to residence, not exceeding six months in the district where the vote is offered, as
may be required by census or registration.
Section 1. The Supreme Court shall consist of three Judges, who shall be elected by the National Council, and whose
duties, jurisdiction and compensation, shall be defined by law, in the manner prescribed by the Constitution. The
National Council, at its annual session in 1861, shall elect one of the Supreme Judges for three years, one for
two years, and one for one year, and at each annual session of the National Council thereafter, shall elect one
Supreme Judge, whose official term shall be three years.
Sec. 2. The Judges of the Circuit Court shall hereafter be elected by the people, for the term of four years, and
shall have tire same jurisdiction, discharge the same duties, and be compensated in the same manner as is now provided
for by the Constitution. There shall be elected in like manner in and for each district as many judges as it may
Poe deemed expedient for the public good, whose powers, duties and duration in office shall be clearly designated
AMENDMENT TO ARTICLE VII.
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever hereafter exist in the Cherokee Nation, otherwise
than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; and any provision of the Constitution
of the Cherokee Nation conflicting with the foregoing section, is hereby repealed.
Sec. 2. The persons now holding office shall continue therein, except as may be otherwise expressly provided by
law for the Canadian District, until their successors be commissioned in November, 1867. Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation,
November 26, 1866.
President National Committee.
Speaker of Council.
Approved: WILL P. ROSS, -
At a general convention of the people of the Cherokee Nation on the 28th day of November, A. D., 1866, for the
purpose of taking into consideration the foregoing amendments to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation; and whereof,
Riley Keys, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was chosen president, and Budd Gritts, secretary; the said amendments
to the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation were read, considered, and severally approved, and adopted by the Cherokee
people. In testimony whereof, the President and Secretary of said convention have subscribed the same at Tahlequah,
Cherokee Nation, on this the 28th day of November, A. D. 1866.
President of the Convention.
BUDD GRITTS, Secretary.
And, Whereas, The foregoing amendments to the Constitution were duly submitted to the said general convention of
the Cherokee People, and were severally read, considered, and adopted on the 28th day of November, A. D. 1866;
Therefore, Be it known that l, William P. Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, do issue this, my proclamation,
declaring said amendments to be a part of the Constitution of the Cherokee Nation.
In testimony whereof, l have hereunto subscribed my name, this the 7th day of December, A. D. 1868.
WILL P. ROSS,