McIntosh County, Oklahoma Genealogy Trails


Joseph Allison

Joseph Allison who recently removed to this place from Stroud, Texas, died at his home west of Checotah Friday after a brief illness with pneumonia. Mr. Allison was 68 years of age. Funeral services occurred Sunday afternoon in charge of the local Medicine Lodge of which order he was a member. (The Checotah Times, Friday, March 4, 1910, front page)

John Barnwell

Death of John Barnwell – John Barnwell died Sunday at his home near Hitchita after a short illness with pneumonia. He was about 60 years of age and a native of this country, being a Creek Indian and a prominent character in many respects. He leaves a wife but no children. Funeral services were held at the family home Monday afternoon. (The Checotah Times, Friday, January 21, 1910, front page)

Lona Bell

Lona Bell, the three year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. I. Williams, quietly passed away last Saturday night. She was laid to rest in the Carr Creek cemetery, Monday evening at 1 o'clock, the funeral was conducted by Elder J. R. Scarbrough. The entire community is in sympathy with the Williams family. (The Checotah Times, January 22, 1915, page 8)

Mr. I. N. Birchfiel
Death of Mr. Birchfiel – Mr. I. N. Birchfiel one of the leading farmers of Burton township died at his home near Ralford on last Sunday after an illness of several months. The funeral was held at the home on Wednesday and was conducted by Rev. Burns, followed by the burial ceremonies of the local Masonic order of which Mr. Birchfiel was a member, about fifteen members of the order attending.
The funeral was attended by a large number of people as the deceased was well known over that part of the county, he having been a resident of that community for a large number of years where he has occupied positions of responsibility and trust among his neighbors, and was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him.
The remains were buried in the Mellette cemetery.
The Democrat joins in extending sympathy to the family in this hour of their bereavement. (Eufaula Democrat, June 26, 1914)


J J Bradley

J.J. Bradley died Saturday, No. 9, at the age of 38.  He was buried at the city cemetery Sunday. (Eufaula Indian Journal, 16 Nov 1900, transcribed by Mary Kirby)

Mary E. Campbell
Mrs. Campbell Services Friday – Mrs. Mary E. Campbell, 92, former resident of Hanna, died Monday, Nov. 3, at the home of a son O. F. Campbell in Eufaula. She was a native of Texas.
Services will be at 2 p.m. Friday in the Church of Christ with Rev. Leonard McCallie of Vinita officiating. Burial will be in Eufaula cemetery under direction of Kelley funeral home.
Bearers selected are Tom Barton, John Collins, Ray Jones, Joe Spillers, Roy Massenale and Dave Stanford.
Mrs. Campbell is survived by two sons, O. F. of Eufaula and Clyde of Modesto, Calif., one daughter, Mrs. Lola Johnson of Caldwell, Idaho and one sister, Mrs. Ada Spinks of California. (Eufaula Indian Journal, November 6, 1958)

Mable Castell
The funeral of Mable Castell, who died Saturday evening, Jan. 15th, was conducted from the Catholic church, Sunday afternoon, Rev. Father Lynam officiating. She being a member of the choir, they sang “Pray for the Dead” and “Nearer My God to Thee,” her favorite songs. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather a large number of friends assembled at the church to pay their last respects.
She leaves, besides her parents, a grandmother and three brothers to mourn her loss.
The pallbearers were, Messrs. C. H. Tully, E. I. O’Reilly, Mike Stepcheck and Lenhart.
The remains were buried in the Catholic Cemetery. (Eufaula Democrat, January 21, 1916)

Levi Childers
Levi Childers, a well known farmer, died at his home near Texanna Monday night about 12 o’clock from an attack of pneumonia.
The funeral services were held at the home Wednesday and the remains laid to rest in the Texanna cemetery.
He leaves a wife and several small children at home, a daughter, Mrs. Chas. Blackwell and a son Noah Childers. (Eufaula Democrat, January 21, 1916)

W. A. Collier
EUFALA, Feb. 9. – Funeral services were being arranged today for Col. W. A. Collier, county attorney of McIntosh county who died suddenly last night at Checotah. Burial will take place here. Collier was a former member of the state supreme court having been named by Gov. Robert L. Williams.
Tulsa World (10 Feb. 1922) transcribed by FoFG MZ

Cora Cowan
Rites for Mrs. Cowan
Funeral services for Mrs. Cora Cowan, 64, who died of bronchitis Friday, January 26 at her home in Wewoka were held at 2 p.m. Sunday in the Lenna Baptist Church in charge of McConnell’s Funeral Home of Wewoka. The Rev. W. L. Story, pastor of Fame Baptist Church conducted the services.
Burial was in Lenna Cemetery.
Mrs. Cowan was the mother of seven children, three daughters, Madames Slyvia Foster, Rozella Bolton, Cora O’Neal and four sons, Sam, John, Steve, and Earnest all of whom attended the funeral.
Mrs. Cowan was a resident of Fame until about four months ago.
May God’s blessing be upon her family and friends.(Eufaula Indian Journal, February 1, 1934)

Julius Alva Cowan
Julius Alva Cowan Rites Here Wednesday – Julius Alva Cowan, 63, died in a Muskogee hospital Sunday.
Funeral services were at 10 a.m. Wednesday at the Assembly of God Church here with Rev. Don Anderson officiating.
Cowan was a retired farmer and a retired McIntosh County Jailer.
Survivors are his wife, Ruth of the home; two sons, Leroy of Pine Top, Arizona and James of The United States Air Force; five daughters, Mrs. Oleta Jackson of Marble, Arkansas, Mrs. Velma Peters, Miss Delka Cowan and Mrs. Wilma Polk all of Kansas City, Missouri and Mrs. Wylena Burns of Olatha, Kansas.
Also, two brothers, Homer Cowan of Eufaula, and Herman of Wichita, Kansas, four sisters, Mrs. Mae Duke of Eufaula, Mrs. July Armstrong of Arvin, California, Mrs. Jessie Norman of Stockton, California and Mrs. Madie Tilley of Colorado City,. Texas, 21 grandchildren and four great grandchildren.
Bearers were Charlie Duke, Dale Duke, Bertice Duke, Bobby Cowan, J. C. Flood, and Walter Flood.
Burial was in the Greenwood Cemetery here under the direction of Kelley Funeral Home. (Eufaula Indian Journal, March 18, 1965)

Melissa Cowan
Melissa Cowan Rites Thursday
Last rites for Mrs. Melissa Cowan, 69, were set for 2:30 o’clock this afternoon (Thursday) at Burns’ Chapel with the Rev. J. W. Burns officiating.
Burial was in the Mellette cemetery.
Born Sept. 20, 1878 in Illinois, Mrs. Cowan had been a resident of McIntosh county for many years, and had made her home in Eufaula recently. She died here Sunday after a brief illness.
She is survived by three sons, Alva and Homer Cowan, Henryetta; four daughters, Mrs. Mae Duke and Mrs. Jessie Norman, Eufaula; Mrs. Julia Armstrong, California and Mrs. Maude Tilley, Texas; 35 grandchildren and 19 great-grandchildren.
Arrangements were under the direction of Kelly Funeral Home. (Eufaula Indian Journal, December 2, 1948)

Ward Cowan
Ward Cowan Rites Set for Friday – Last rites for Ward Cowan, who died in Coolidge, Ariz., Tuesday will be held at Burns Chapel, Mellette, Friday.
Mr. Cowan, a former resident of McIntosh County died suddenly of a heart attack.
Kelley funeral home will be in charge of local arrangements. (Eufaula Indian Journal, November 18, 1948)


Brack Crabtree
Mr. Brack Crabtree, who has been for several days ill at the home of his sister Mrs. J. Burdett in Eufaula , died Friday and was buried in Eufaula Cemetery Saturday.  Father John of Muskogee conducted funeral services at the residence and a very great number of people from Eufaula and surrounding country attended the rites and followed the remains to the cemetery.  Deceased was a native of this country and was brought up in and near Eufaula.  His friends here were many and the sympathy of the whole town and people goes out to his bereaved relatives.  Mr. Crabtree was a good citizen and neighbor, a warm friend to his friends who were many.  Peace to his ashes; may be all die as blameless.  (Eufaula Indian Journal, 26 Oct 1900; pg 2 col 1)

J. C. Crabtree

A few minutes after 11 o'clock on Wednesday of this week, June 30th, marked the hour in which another of the old time citizens of Eufaula passed from this world into the great unknown. At that hour J. C. Crabtree passed away at his home in the eastern part of the city after an illness of but a few short hours. He had been more or less in ill health for the past ten days, but nothing serious was thought of his condition until Tuesday, when he was compelled to take to his bed and on Wednesday morning about 2 o'clock he became seriously ill gradually growing worse until the end came at a few minutes after 11 o'clock. Every effort of physicians and friends was put forward to save his life but all to no avail, as his earthly career seemed to have reached its end and he compelled to go.

The deceased was one of the oldest citizens in this part of the state, he having been a resident of Eufaula for forty years, coming here with his parents when only a lad of 8 years of age. During all of these years he has been one of the leaders in any and all matters that was for the betterment of the community giving of his time and means for the public good.

The funeral services will be held this afternoon at 3 o'clock from the home in the eastern part of the city and will be in charge of Rev. Masey a former pastor of the church to which the deceased belonged the Methodist church, South.

The deceased leaves a wife, one son, Shelton, about 19 years of age, a daughter Lurline, about 16 years of age, a sister, Mrs. A. O. Smith of Chickasha, and a large number of friends in McIntosh County and Eastern Oklahoma who will sincerely mourn his loss.

The remains will be buried in the Eufaula cemetery and the following friends of the deceased will act as pall bearers for the occasion; Walter Grayson, J. C. Smock, G. J. Fuller, Ralph Edwards, K. B. Turner and M. E. Turner.

The Democrat joins in expressing sincere sympathy to the family and friends of the deceased in this hour of their bereavement. (Eufaula Democrat, July 2, 1915)

Veva Mae Duke
Mrs. C. C. Duke, 67 Rites Here Wednesday – Funeral services for Mrs. C. C. (Veva Mae) Duke, 67, were held Wednesday at 2:00 p.m. in the Church of God here with Reverend Don Anderson, pastor officiating. Mrs. Duke died in a Muskogee hospital Monday.
Born September 21, 1899, Mrs. Duke had lived most of her life in Eufaula.
Survivors include her husband, C. C. Dukes of the home; five sons, Charles of Eufaula, Vernon of Delano, California, Dale of Eufaula, and Bertice and Dean both of Oklahoma City; two daughters, Mrs. Pauline Wilson of Muskogee, and Mrs. Mildred Palmer of Littlefield, Texas, 21 grandchildren, eleven great-grandchildren; two brothers, Homer Cowan of Eufaula and Herman (Dutch) Cowan of Wichita, Kansas and three sisters, Mrs. Julia Armstrong of Arvin, California, Mrs. Jesse Norman of Stockton, California and Mrs. Maude Tilley of Colorado City, Texas.
Bearers were Walter Flood, J. C. Flood, Buel Brown, Floyd Johnson, Ted Chapman and Gene Paul Hallum.
Burial was in the Mellette Cemetery under the direction of Kelley Funeral Home. (Eufaula Indian Journal, April 27, 1967)

Mrs. John Eslick

Mrs. John Eslick died in the hospital at McAlester last Friday, from lung trouble, and was brought back here Saturday for burial. The bereaved family have our sympathy. (Hanna-Star, May 3, 1911, page 5)  

Virginia Farris

Little Virginia Farris, the 4 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Farris of Muskogee died early Tuesday morning from the effects of a scald received Saturday of last week at the Gentry hotel where, with her mother, she was visiting Mr. and Mrs. Hawkins her grandparents. Saturday morning an employee was engaged in scrubbing the floor at the hotel and had just brought in a tub of boiling water.  The little girl came tripping into the room and playing and singing and backing up to the tub, fell into the boiling water and before she could be rescued she was scalded in such a manner that physicians said her recovery was impossible. The best treatment was given her and Tuesday morning her little life took its flight. The remains were taken to Muskogee Wednesday noon for burial. A number of Checotah friends of the heart broken parents accompanied the remains to their last resting place. (The Checotah Times, Friday, June 3, 1910, front page)

Mrs. Henry C. Fisher

Mrs. Henry Fisher Dead - A telegram announcing the sad death of Mrs. Henry C. Fisher at her home in West Palm Beach, Fla., last Thursday was received by relatives in this city Friday. Mrs. Fisher was a resident of Checotah for nearly 20 years and was one of the city's best known and respected citizens. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher moved to West Palm beach about 5 years ago. Besides the husband, deceased leaves three grown daughters to mourn the loss of a loving and devoted wife and mother. (McIntosh County Democrat, March 14, 1918)


R J Gentry

Saturday evening at Checotah an old quarrel culminated in the death of R.J. Gentry.  The story comes to the Journal as follows and, as is often the case in such matters, it may be to some extent incorrect:  Gentry was drinking, had a Winchester and was after Sam Baker, deputy marshal of Checotah, with a view of shooting him.  Baker was warned by friends and avoided Gentry.  Baker was passing the George Hotel and Gentry stepped from a room near the post office and knelt down to shoot.  Baker leveled his Winchester first and fired; the ball striking Gentry in the abdomen and passing around and shattering the spinal column.  Baker’s Winchester choked in his attempt to throw another cartridge into the barrel whereupon the marshal drew his pistol and shot Gentry in the right or left breast, the ball passing out through the arm.

Gentry died in a few minutes.

Baker went to Muskogee and gave himself up.  He was given a preliminary hearing before Commissioner Sanson Monday and the testimony went to show he acted in self defense.

R. J. Gentry was a business man of Checotah and a successful one.  He was probably worth $30,000 or $40,000.  When sober he was a good and useful citizen.  When under the influence of liquor he was dangerous and had killed several man, but the courts had vindicated him in each case.  He leaves a wife, an excellent and estimable lady, and several children.  They have warm friends in this city and many of them attended the funeral at Checotah Tuesday.  The affair is deeply deplored here as well as in Checotah.  (Eufaula Indian Journal, 16 Nov 1900, transcribed by Mary Kirby)


George Gray

The mangled remains of Geo. Gray colored barber and proprietor of the City Barber Shop were brought in at 4 o’clock this morning from Canadian and were buried at one o’clock this afternoon by the Colored Odd Fellows of which body he was a member.

Word reached this city when the Flyer came in yesterday that a negro man had been killed at Reems’ switch, this side of Eufaula.  Jeff Lane went up on No. 6 and was put off at the switch where the section gang had gathered the remains in a heap.  The head had been entirely severed, the body crushed to a mass, and the legs cut in two pieces.  Lane had no difficulty in identifying what was left as the remains of Gray.  It is reported that Gray boarded the Flyer at Eufaula to come home, and having neither money nor ticket, the train was stopped and he was put off.  As the train started, he endeavorded to climb on again and fell between the wheels.  However, much of this is conjecture as no one witnessed the accident. (Eufaula Indian Journal, 9 Nov 1900 pg 8, transcribed by Mary Kirby)


Mrs. J. F. Highers

Death of Mrs. J. F. Highers – Mrs. J. F. Highers died early Sunday morning at her home 2 1-2 miles southwest of Brush Hill after an illness of about three weeks with paralysis. She leaves a husband and seven children to mourn her loss. Mrs. Highers was a most excellent lady and was greatly respected by all who knew her. She was 38 years of age and has resided in this section for a number of years. Burial services occurred at Brush Hill cemetery Monday.

Mr. Highers requests the Times to thank for him the neighbors and friends who so kindly extended assistance during the sickness and at the death of his wife. (The Checotah Times, Friday, May 27, 1910, front page)

Julia Jetton

Mrs. Julia Jetton died at her home one mile south of Checotah about 10 o’clock Thursday morning of last week after a weeks illness with measles and pneumonia. She was 33 years of age and leaves a husband and four little children, 3 girls and one boy. She was married to J. H. Jetton at Ft. Smith, Ark., 12 years ago and they have been residents of this section for about 6 years.

The remains were laid to rest in the Checotah cemetery Friday afternoon. (The Checotah Times, Friday, March 4, 1910, front page)

Oliver Johnson
Funeral services were held in the Moore Cemetery Saturday, March 17 for Mr. Oliver Johnson. He is survived by his wife and seven children all of Stidham. (Eufaula Indian Journal, March 22, 1934)

Little Deer's Wife

The wife of Little Deer died at her home near town Saturday, morning at 10'clock. Interment taken place Sunday evening at 4 o'clock. B F Scott conducted the funeral services. The Star extends condolences to the bereaved family in this, their sad hour of affliction. (Hanna Star, April 19, 1911)

Lyons Infant

The infant babe of R. D. Lyons and wife died Thursday night from measles. The little remains were laid to rest Friday afternoon. The bereaved parents have the sympathy of the entire town in the loss of their precious jewel. (Hanna Star, April 12, 1911)

John E. McNatt
John E. McNatt, 68, Eufaula farmer, died suddenly at his home here last Saturday following a heart attack.
A native of Missouri, Mr. McNatt had farmed in the Eufaula area for many years.
Survivors are his wife; four sons, Arthur, Sand Springs, Connie, Houston, Texas Roy, Stockton, Calif.; two daughters, Mrs. Lloyd Dunnegan, Pittsburg, Calif.; and Mrs. Leota Milligan, Huron, Calif., two brothers and one sister.
Services were held Tuesday in the Free Will Baptist Church with a Henryetta minister officiating. Burial was in the Eufaula cemetery with Kelley funeral home in charge.
Bearers were Dave Blevins, Doc Gawf, Clyde Parker, Harrison White, Frank Brandon, and Bert Walters. (Eufaula Indian Journal, April 30, 1953)

Eugene Napoleon

Death of Baby – Eugene Napoleon, the 10 months old baby of Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Huddleston, died at McAlester about 6 o’clock Saturday evening where it was taken to a hospital for treatment. The little fellow had been in the best of robust health until Thursday of last week when it was attacked with spasms followed by other complications. It was the opinion of the family doctor that an operation was necessary and the parents accordingly went to McAlester Saturday afternoon but when they reached that place the child was so low that the operation was not performed and died at 6 o’clock.

The child was an unusually bright, intelligent little fellow, the joy and pride of its parent who with a host of friends are sadly cast down over the death. Funeral services are at the home of J. W. Huddleston, conducted by Rev. O. E. DeWitt, after which the remains were laid to rest in Checotah cemetery. (The Checotah Times, Friday, May 13, 1910, front page)

Mrs. T. H. Owens
Death From Fever – Mrs. T. H. Owens, the wife of a farmer living about two miles southwest of the city, died on last Tuesday night after an illness of about two weeks with typhoid fever.
The funeral of the deceased was held at the home on Wednesday and the remains were laid to rest in the Eufaula cemetery. She leaves a husband and eight children. (Eufaula Democrat, February 27, 1914)

James Rountree

James Rountree (Jim) died shortly afternoon Wednesday at the home of his mother in the east part of town after a long illness. He was 43 years of age and has been a resident of Checotah for a number of years. A wife and son reside in the east. Funeral services were held at the family home at 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon conducted by Rev. DeWitt. Interment occurred at Checotah cemetery. (The Checotah Times, Friday, March 8, 1910, front page)

Elinor Lavergne Schulze

The death angel hovered around the home of T. L. Schulze and wife Monday morning in this city and claimed for its prize their 2 year old daughter, Elinor Lavergne. The little one had only been sick a few days with congestion.
The family left Monday night with the remains for Ripley, Okla., where interment will take place, Tuesday. Mr. Schulze's parents of El Reno will meet them at Sparks and accompany them to Ripley.
The Star extends condolence to the bereaved family in the loss of their precious jewel. (Hanna Star, May 3, 1911)

Bettie Segro
Death of an Indian Girl – Bettie Segro, an Indian girl about 28 years of age who made her home with Tom Boone near Bald Hill, west of Eufaula, died at the Boone home on last Sunday night. The funeral was held on Tuesday and the remains were buried at the Huttonville cemetery. (Eufaula Democrat, August 21, 1914)


The funeral service of Mrs. F.E. Shanks, who died last Friday, was held at the M.E. Church Sunday afternoon, a host of friends being in attendance.  Presiding Elder Braff in well chosen words, paid a last tribute to the dead. The service was continued at the grave and appropriate songs rendered by the choir.  The floral tributes were quite beautiful.  (Eufaula Indian Journal, 9 Nov 1900 pg 5, transcribed by Mary Kirby)


Wesley L. Shepherd

Death of Wesley L. Shepherd – Wesley L. Shepherd died Sunday in Checotah after an illness of about 10 days with pneumonia. Mr. Shepherd was 62 years of age and for many years has been a resident of this section. He was a Kentuckyian by birth, coming to Oklahoma from that state. He had many friends all of whom are sad to know of his death.

The remains were taken to his former home at Brush Hill Monday where funeral services were held and where the remains were laid to rest. (The Checotah Times, Friday, January 21, 1910, front page)

Mrs. W. T. Stamps

Mrs. W. T. Stamps died in this city Saturday morning after a lingering illness of several weeks with fever.
Deceased was a middle aged woman and leaves a husband and four children to mourn her untimely demise.
She was laid to rest in a cemetery in Dustin Sunday.
The Star extends condolence to the bereaved family. (Hanna Star, May 3, 1911)

Alice C. Stidham
Death of Mrs. Stidham – Without regaining consciousness Mrs. Alice C. Stidham died Saturday night following an operation Friday at the M. O. & G. hospital. Mrs. Stidham was the wife of Theodore E. Stidham, well known Muskogee real estate and oil man, and had lived here for many years. The funeral will be held Tuesday at Checotah, Mrs. Stidham’s old home. Besides her husband she is survived by two sisters and her mother, Mrs. W. H. Bertholf, of Checotah – Times-Democrat – Several Eufaula friends and relatives attended the funeral. (Eufaula Democrat, June 26, 1914)

Judge Louis Sulzbacher

Notice was received in Muskogee Tuesday of the death of Judge Louis Sulzbacher, formerly United States Judge for the Western District of Indian Territory, with headquarters in Muskogee. He died in the Post-Graduate hospital in New York city Sunday evening following an operation which was performed Saturday. He had been ill for two months prior to his death.

Judge Sulzbacher enjoyed the distinction of being the first Hebrew to sit on a bench of a United States Court. He was federal judge in Indian Territory from 1905 until Oklahoma was admitted into the Union. He came to Indian Territory from Porto Rico where he was a member of the supreme court. (The Checotah Times, friday, January 22, 1915, front page)

Doris Upton
Funeral of Doris Upton – The remains of Doris Upton were laid to rest in the Eufaula cemetery on last Sunday afternoon, the funeral being held at the Methodist Church and was in charge of Rev. W. B. Simmons of Muskogee.
A very large crowd attended the funeral and the floral offerings made by the many friends of the deceased were especially attractive and beautiful, indicating the high esteem in which Miss Upton was held by all who had learned to know her. Among the offerings were one from the pupils of the City High school of which she was a member, one from the 20th Century Club, one from the Ladies Card Club besides a large number of individual offerings.
The pall bearers were Messrs. Cox, Sidney Pickens, Robert Wright, Jay Pipkins, Orville Kilgore and Walter Homan. (Eufaula Democrat, January 23, 1914)

Mrs. N. Van Buren
Mrs. Van Buren Dead – Mrs. N. Van Buren of Eufaula, 66, years old, died Sunday at a local hospital. Two sons and a daughter Mrs. Frank Eckelkamp all of Eufaula, were with their mother at the time of her death and will accompany the body to the old home of the deceased where the funeral services will be held. The deceased was the wife of the late N. Van Buren, a descendant of President Van Buren. Times – Democrat.
Mrs. Eckelkamp and brother, Will Van Buren left Monday night for Houston, Ark., to attend the funeral. (Eufaula Democrat, December 17, 1915)

Susan Vann

Death of Mrs. Peter Vann – Information reached Checotah this week of the death of Mrs. Susan Vann at Salem, Californian, which occurred on January 21. Mrs. Vann was operated on for cancer in September and failed to recover from the effects of the operation. She was confined to her bed seven weeks before the end came.

Mr. and Mrs. Vann were residents of Checotah for a number of years, removing to California a few months ago in hopes that the change of climate might improve her health. Mrs. Vann was born in Kentucky, was a member of the Christian Church and the Knights & Ladies of Security Lodge. She had many friends in Checotah, all of whom are grieved to hear of her death. (The Checotah Times, Friday, February 4, 1910, front page)

Caddo Wadsworth

Caddo Wadsworth died Friday afternoon of last week at his home 8 miles south of town, after an illness of 3 weeks.

He was 70 years of age and had lived here a number of years, was a siminole Indian. He leaves several children to mourn his loss.

The funeral services were held at the family burying ground Sunday afternoon by Rev. Fairfield. (The Checotah Times, Friday, January 14, 1910, front page)