STATE EXECUTIONS NEWS ARTICLES
The First Legal Hanging – Frank Ford Paid The Penalty of Killing His Wife
OK, June 13 – The first legal hanging in the new state occurred here in
the county jail when Frank Ford, a negro, paid the death penalty for
the murder of his wife on a farm a few miles west of here, June 16,
Sheriff Frank C. Carter of Tillman county, pulled the lever that sprung the trap and severed the rope when the negro was dead.
would not take a million dollars for the trip I am about to take.” Not
a quiver of a muscle nor a change of expression marked the coolness
with which Frank Ford stood upon the death scaffold.
Not a line of fear was in his face and he smiled as he spoke of his approaching doom.
have led a dissipated life,” said Ford. “But I am very sorry. If I had
it to live again I would do better. If I had followed my mother’s
advice I would have followed a different path. But my sins have been
forgiven and I am ready to die. I blame no one for this. The killing of
my wife was the result of an ungoverned temper.”
He rolled a
cigarette and smoked it and before the black cap was adjusted asked for
a mirror. He took a last look at himself, twirled the cigarette from
his fingers and turning to Sheriff Carter, said: “I am ready.”
instant later the trap was sprung and the murderer’s body fell to the
end of the rope. This was at 6:26. At 6:45 life was pronounced extinct
and the body was taken in charge by an undertaker and prepared for
burial. (The Wichita Beacon, Saturday, June 13, 1908, page 2)
In Sanity Plea for the Defense
Accused was Injured in Mine Explosion
But the Father of the Murdered Wife is Most Bitter and Denies the Mental Derangement.
Okla., March 16 – There’s nothing whatever to this proposed plea of
insanity in defense of John Hopkins for the murder of my daughter,
stated Colonel I. B. Haworth, father of the murdered woman who has just
arrived from his home in Mirabile, Missouri, in speaking of the
approaching trial of Hopkins for the killing of his wife in this city
on the evening of October 29 last.
It is true that he suffered
injuries in a mine explosion, 1906, as he says but he has never had any
attacks of mental derangement from it. Judging from his treatment of my
daughter in Kingston, Missouri, where I was forced to have him placed
in jail for assault, and from the evidence in the present case, I can
place no other construction upon the killing than deliberate murder.
Witnesses from Missouri
Haworth who is a prominent merchant of Mirabile, Missouri, has come to
attend the trial of Hopkins which was set for Saturday, but which has
now been postponed until Wednesday of this week. With him are W. O.
Haworth, his son, a miller of Mirabile; Miss Josie Haworth, another
daughter, Arnold and May Hopkins, son and daughter of John Hopkins,
eleven and fifteen years of age. All of these will take the witness
stand for the prosecution. Arnold has been living with his grandparents
and the daughter, May, has been with Hopkin’s uncle, Jack Hopkins, of
Lyons, Kansas to whom the letter was addressed which was found on
Hopkins after the murder, which contains strong evidence for the
prosecution and which reads; I have been treated meaner than I can
stand. You will hear from or of me again soon – perhaps for the last
The defense expects to base its strength upon the testimony of
physicians who attended Hopkins after the mine accident and others who
examined him in the jail here after the murder during four days of
which time he lay in a stupor. (The Wichita Bean, March 16, 1908, page
Death Sentence for Hopkins
Oklahoma Man Murdered His Wife by Giving Her Poison
OK., May 14 – After an all night consideration of the case the jury
this morning found John Hopkins guilty of murder, and assessed the
death penalty. The court overruled a motion for a new trial. The
defense was insanity. Hopkins’ health is broken and he declares that he
don’t care what punishment comes. He murdered his wife by pouring
carbolic acid down her throat. (The Gazette Globe, Kansas City, Kansas,
May 14, 1909, Friday, page 1)
Protests His Innocence
John Hopkins Hung for Murder of Miss Lena Craig
Okla., Aug. 28 – John Hopkins was hanged today for the murder last
January of Lena Craig, a school teacher. “I am an innocent man, cut the
dog loose,” exclaimed Hopkins a moment before the trap was sprung.
body was shipped to Seneca, Missouri for interment immediately after
the hanging. (The Daily Republican (Cherryvale, Kansas), August
28, 1908, Friday, page
Negro Electrocuted – Henry Prather Twice Convicted of Murder Pays the Penalty
Okla., May 3 – Twice convicted of murder and sentenced to death, but
relieve of paying the first penalty because Gov. Lee Cruce six years
ago commuted the sentence to life imprisonment within a few minutes of
the time he was to ascend the gallows, Henry Prather, a former Ardmore
negro, went to death in the electric chair in the death chamber of the
state penitentiary here shortly after midnight.
Prather paid the
death penalty for the murder of his cellmate, Homer Chapman, alias
Charlie Ross, at the state penitentiary June 27, 1917. He was serving a
life term in the state prison for the murder of W. H. Archie in
Oklahoma City, March 9, 1911.
In company with four other negroes,
Bud Johnson, James Holmes, Charlie Posey and Elijah Turner, Prather
held up and robbed Archie, who was an Oklahoma City plumber. The four
who aided Prather were sentenced with him to death, but now are serving
life terms at the penitentiary through the clemency of Governor Cruce.
was brought out at the trial that after Archie had been robbed and left
unconscious, Prather turned back, saying: “I’m going back and kill that
skunk. I’ve been wanting to kill a white man for a long time.” Prather
fired several shots into the prostrate form of Archie. (Daily
Ardmoreite, Friday, May 3, 1918, page 8)
Guilt – Frank Henson, on Scaffold, Says He was Murderer – Tulsa, Okla.,
March 31 – Frank Henson, after a five minutes’ speech on the scaffold
in which he declared he was guilty, was hanged here today for the
murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Temper last October. (The Evening
Herald, Ottawa, Kansas, Friday, March 31, 1911, front page)
Henson Hanged at Tulsa Today
For Murder of Deputy Sheriff in a Raid on Negro Gambling Den
Okla., March 31 – Frank Henson, a negro, was hanged today for the
murder of Deputy Sheriff Stamper, who was killed in raiding a negro
gambling den at Dawson October 9. This is the third legal hanging since
statedhood. He was dead in three minutes.(The Atchison Daily Champion,
Atchison, Kansas, Friday, March 31, 1911, page 1)
Black Hangs Today – Will be Hanged by Same Rope That Swung Alf. Hunter Into Eternity
Okla., April 14 – Stoicalally indifferent to his fate, John Black,
negro, awaits his hanging at 11 o’clock Friday morning for the
murder of J. B. Stevens at his home, two miles from here, November 8.
While confined in the state penitentiary Black occupied the same cell
with Alf Hunter, hanged April 8 for the murder of Sheriff Garrison of
Oklahoma City. Black will be hung with the same rope that swung Hunter
into eternity. (The Wichita Daily Eagle, Friday, April 15, 1910, page 1)
Oklahoma Negro Pays Death Penalty Today
McAlester, Ok., July 15 – Eli Thomas, Negro, 21, was electrocuted in the state penitentiary early today.
He was convicted in Leflore County of killing an innocent youth at a Sunday School picnic.
Shortly before his death he issued a statement admitting his guilt, according to prison authorities.
was placed in the electric chair at 12:20 a.m. Four minutes later
physicians pronounced him dead. (The Wichita Beacon, Wichita, Kansas,
Friday, July 15, 1921, page 16)
Sooner Miner Sent to Chair
Protesting His Innocence, Steve Sabo is Electrocuted Today at McAlester Penitentiary
Okla., March 17 – Steve Sabo, Italian miner, today was executed in the
electric chair at the state penitentiary here for the murder of his
niece, Sofia Sabo, 17, whom he admitted stabbing to death following an
The crime was committed at the home of the girl’s
parents near Coalgate. Three days later a Sheriff’s posse found Sabo
huddled in the deep recess of an abandoned mine. He had broken his leg
in a fall down a shaft of the mine and he was in a weakened condition.
Sabo was removed to the county jail at Coalgate and his trial held
about a month later.
Maintained His Innocence
Sabo was placed in the electric chair at 12:08. He was pronounced dead eleven minutes later.
protested his innocence as he was strapped in the death chair despite
the fact that he had pleaded guilty to the murder charge in the Coal
County court. “I tell God I am innocent,” he said brokenly. (The
Winfield Daily Free Press, Winfield, Kansas, Friday, March 17, 1922,
Confesses and Goes to Death Without Qualm
Sam Watkins Pays Penalty at McAlester for Killing Woman
Ok., May 5 – Sam Watkins, confessed murderer of Mrs. Cora Jones of
Caney, a neighbor, went boldly to the electric chair at 12:17 this
morning and paid the extreme penalty for his crime.
He was pronounced dead three minutes after the electricity was turned on.
“I’m not afraid,” he said when being strapped to the chair at the prison.
“I will meet you all in heaven. God be with you.”
again confessed to his crime several hours before the execution. He
told how he had beaten the wife of his neighbor to death with an iron
pipe in the presence of her children and then threw her body to the
hogs. (The Wichita Beacon, Wichita, Kansas, Friday, May 5, 1922, page 1)
CHARLEY YOUNG / CHESTER TAYLOR / WILLIE WILLIAMS
Electrocute 3 Negroes
Oklahoma Murderers Scheduled to Die Early This Morning
City, April 12 – Chester Taylor, Charles Yong and Willie Williams,
negroes, will be electrocuted at the Oklahoma state prison at McAlester
beginning at 5:15 o’clock tomorrow morning. The condemned men will
follow each other to the chair as rapidly as possible. All were
convicted on charges of first degree murder. (The Wichita Daily Eagle,
Wichita, Kansas, Friday, April 13, 1917, page 1)
Scaffold Near Cell Window
Convicted Negro can View Structure From Which He Is to be Hung
Okla., Dec. 11 – Governor C. N. Haskell, who has twice issued a respite
to Will Johnson, the negro that has been twice sentenced to hang for
the murder of Mrs. Alexander Cuppy at Shawnee, will not interfere with
the execution of Johnson today at Tecumsch unless the United States
supreme court should grant a writ of error, which is improbable.
scaffold from which Johnson will be hanged today is within view of the
negro’s cell window. Johnson eats and sleeps well and is apparently
free from worry. (Abilene Daily Chronicle, Abilene, Kansas, Friday,
December 11, 1908, page 1)
K. B. BROOKS / CHARLES PERKINS
The First in the History of the Federal Courts in the Territory
I. T., July 1 – Henry Whitefield, alias, Charles Perkins and K. B.
Brooks (Colored) were hanged within the stockade of the United States
jail here at 9:30 this morning. Whitefield was pronounced dead in three
and half minutes, Brooks ten minutes after the trap was sprung.
died game. It was the first execution in the history of the federal
courts in the Indian territory. (Arkansas City Daily Traveler, Arkansas
City, Kansas, July 1, 1898, Friday, page 1)
John Waner Pays the Penalty for the Murder of Geo. Daugherty last July – His Confession
large crowd had assembled in town from all parts of Cherokee Nation to
witness the execution of John Waner, convicted and sentenced last
January to hang April 15th between the hours 12 and 1 o’clock.
prison gates were thrown open at exactly 12 o’clock and the crowd
largely rushed in to obtain desirable positions soon after the doomed
man, John Waner, was brought out heavily guarded and hand cuffed. He
was dressed in a neat black suit, with cravat and white gloves. His
steps was steady and no indications of uneasiness or nervousness. He
ascended the steps leading to the gallows unaided and expressed a
desire to make a statement which request was granted and through an
interpreter spoke as follows:
My friend I propose to
talk a little, men, ladies and all – many of you have families and I
ask that you train your children aright – I have been disobedient to
the advice of my parents, else I should not now be here – I confess I
am guilty of the crime of which I was convicted, but it was done under
a heat of passion.
In training your children, teach them tis wrong
to carry pistols and to drink whiskey, one of the worst things a man
can do is to drink and the only way to successfully avoid these evil
habits is to trust in God and ask his help – I trust you will meditate
on these and the following remarks:
You will hear of my statement
that made in writing. I have not the now time to reiterate it as my
time is limited. The statement is written by and in the presence
of Jay Clark, Phillip Osage, Lacy Hawkins and John Gritts – Don’t doubt
a word of it, is true and contains a full account of how I have been
treated, it also implicates other men and how I was connected with them.
was an organization of men for mutual protection but I was not properly
recognized or I would not be here paying this penalty. You see the
results and I advise you to studiously desist from all unlawful actions
– Associations with bad men will lead to bad results – I say again,
friends, I am guilty, but others were also implicated. I am not
satisfied to pay the death penalty alone, had three been punished, I
should have no regrets. Ball Christie, John Muskrat and I killed George
Daugherty – I have the whole burden to bear alone. My appearance
standing in the community, and intelligence was inferior to Dave
Muskrat the father of John.
I know a great deal, but I have made a
statement which I repeat is correct, do not doubt it. I advise my
relatives and all my friends to be careful take the right course and
I have belonged to 2 or 3 organizations – Before I
understood the rules of one, I joined it which has an eagle pin for a
badge. One of these organizations to which I belonged, met to take into
consideration the killing of men – Thomas Sanders was singled out by
this organization to be killed. Dare Muskrat, Ellis Starr, Geo.
Daughert, Writer, John Muskrat and I met and decided that Sanders be
murdered, but our plans failed. We were bound under a death penalty for
divulging the secret. Should any one belonging to the order be killed,
we were pledged to avenge his death also to protect each other in what
we did, or ordered. Finally I was suspicioned by them, and the result
is they discarded me and I am now about to suffer the penalty. I could
tell more along this time, but I will to another subject.
killing of George Hewins originated from that organization, that is
their business, murder. I have made statement of that and the persons
who committed the murder- consider my statement well, and seek a good
line of conduct – whether for better or worse, our people are divided
into two parties, Downing and Nationals.
My statement will be
published in the Advocate, read it, believe it. Beloved friends that is
all I have to say, we now separate in this world, and if we live
aright, we will meet in the world to come. After a song in Cherokee and
prayer, his hands and feet were tied, the rope adjusted, the black cap
drawn over his face, farewells taken and the trigger was sprung by High
Sheriff Wash Mayes at 12:55. Thirteen minutes he dangles in the air
without a quiver and was pronounced dead.
Waner was of medium hight,
full blood Cherokee, dark complected and about 42 years of age. (The
Cherokee Advocate, Wednesday, April 20, 1892, page 2)
Fields, of the U. S. Indian Police, killed Jim Simpson, and captured
Daniel Lucky, the murderers of young Cobb; some time ago near Gibson
Station. Fields had to kill Simpson in self defense, as Simpson shot at
him. He arrested them in the Creek Nation at a mill. There was a reward
of $200 a piece offered by our Chief for these murderers, and Fields
drew his money one day last week.
There are one or two more of the murderers still at large. (The Cherokee Advocate, Friday March 3, 1882, page 2)
Lucky hangs just two weeks from today. He says he has made his peace
with his God, and that Heaven will be his home after the 9th of June.
He prays a great deal and is very devout. (The Cherokee Advocate,
Friday, May 26, 1882)