Oklahoma

Defunct Counties

Swanson County

Swanson County is a defunct county in Oklahoma. It was created from southern Kiowa County and western Comanche County on August 13, 1910, after a special election, but dissolved after a decision by the Oklahoma Supreme Court overturned the election in 1911. The county was named for Claude Swanson, Governor of Virginia and a friend of Oklahoma Governor Charles N. Haskell.

HISTORY

On May 10, 1910, a special election was held in southern Kiowa County and western Comanche County to approve the formation of a new county that could more effectively serve residents of that area. Although more than 60 percent of the overall residents approved the measure, a majority of Comanche County residents voted against it. Governor Charles N. Haskell officially proclaimed Swanson County’s formation on August 13, 1910 and designated Mountain Park, Oklahoma as the temporary county seat. In January 1911, the state House of Representatives seated James V. McClintic as the representative from Swanson County.

The location of the county seat in Mountain Park was hotly contested by a group of residents who favored Snyder as the seat. They claimed that Mountain Park lacked a public water system, fire protection and suitable office space for county government. A rainstorm that soaked official county documents seemed to prove their point. Legal action was brought to resolve the dispute. On September 5, 1910, a group from Snyder simply removed the records to their town. A group of Mountain Park supporters retaliated by invading the homes of county officials and arresting these men at gunpoint. During this action, an employee of one of the county commissioners was killed. On March 7, 1911, the Supreme Court restored Mountain Park as the county seat and ordered that the county records be moved to Hobart, the seat of Kiowa County.

Meanwhile officials of Comanche County challenged the Governor’s proclamation in the District Court, arguing that the new county had not been approved by residents in their county. That court ruled in for dissolution, but the case was appealed to the state Supreme Court (Armstrong v. State ex rel. Fain co. Atty). On June 27, 1911, the Oklahoma Supreme Court dissolved the county.

Following the extinction of Swanson County, Cotton County was created from southern Comanche County in 1912. (Source:  Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

SWANSON COUNTY

County Seat, Mt. Park

County Officers

County Judge Frank P. Cease Democrat
County Clerk G. B. Bristow Democrat
County Attorney E. V. Rakestraw Democrat
Register of Deeds Hugh Francisco Democrat
Clerk of District Court W. C. Myers Democrat
Supt. Public Instruction Joseph Beasley Democrat
Sheriff W. H. Brashears Democrat
County Treasurer C. M. Hunter Democrat
County Surveyor Edw. G. Kunke Democrat
County Assessor Ino. H. Anderson Democrat
County Commissioners J. W. Wilcox Democrat
C. E. Bull Democrat
J. T. Armstrong Democrat
County Weigher L. M. Arnold Democrat

HISTORY

Swanson County was created, following an election of the citizens of portions of Kiowa and Comanche counties, by a proclamation of the governor in 1909. The county had a strenuous career fighting injunctions brought by officials of Comanche and Kiowa counties until in the fall of 1911 when an opinion was rendered by the state supreme court, upholding the district court in its order for the dissolution of the county. (The Oklahoma Red Book, Compiled by W. B. Richards, Volume II, 1912, page 515)

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