Columbia County, Oregon

A Genealogy Trails Project

Photo courtesy of Gary Halvorson,
                Oregon State Archives

List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883

 Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Which Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, and the Date of Original Allowance, United States Pension Bureau Senate

Volume IV, Washington. Government Printing Office, 1883

On 8 Dec 1882, the US Senate passed a resolution to enumerate, by town, county, and state, all individuals receiving a pension. This list is taken from that document. It is used today as a major genealogical source for Civil War and the War of 1812 pensioners. Pensioners in this transcribed version of the original document are listed by county, post office and alphabetically by name.

This document, digitally scanned by Google, can be found on Google Books.


Pension List
Columbia County, Oregon

of pensioner
Post Office
Cause for which pensioned Monthly
rate (USD $)
Date of
where resided
69618 Blackford, William Clatskanie ophthalmia 4 Aug 1866 Columbia
108578 Frierson, John R. Clatskanie gun shot wound, left arm, neck 16.75 Dec 1873 Columbia
159706 Martin, Harry A. Columbia City gun shot wound, left thigh 2 May 1879 Columbia
109268 Graham, Charles M. Marshland gun shot wound, left wrist 4 Apr 1871 Columbia
94736 Adams, Enoch G. Saint Helen gun shot wound, left side neck 8 Aug 1878 Columbia
116373 Dale, Nathaniel C. Saint Helen atrophy, left thigh, leg 8 Apr 1872 Columbia
142733 David, Alfred Saint Helen diseased heart 18 Dec 1876 Columbia
72505 Henderson, Alexander Saint Helen diseased heart 2 Oct 1866 Columbia
136090 Searle, Jane L. Saint Helen mother 8 3 Columbia
100985 Cherrington, Ozias Vernonia gun shot wound, right hip 2 Nov 1869 Columbia


Where to Go From Here

Most soldiers or their widows or minor children applied for a pension. In some cases, a dependent father or mother applied. The pension files are indexed by the National Archives microfilm publication T288, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (544 rolls) which is also available online at (for a fee).

The pension file will often contain more information about what the soldier did during the war than the Compiled Military Service Records, and it may contain much medical information if he lived for a number of years afterwards. For example, in his pension file, Seth Combs of Company C, 2d Ohio Cavalry, reported: " left eye was injured while tearing down a building...and in pulling off a board a splinter or piece struck my eye and injured it was hurt while in the Shenandoah Valley near Winchester, Va. about Christmas 1864--a comrade who stood by me name Jim Beach is dead." In another affidavit, Seth said he "also got the Rheumatism while on duty as a dispatch bearer on detached duty."

To obtain a widow's pension, the widow had to provide proof of marriage, such as a copy of the record kept by county officials, or by affidavit from the minister or some other person. Applications on behalf of the soldier's minor children had to supply both proof of the soldier's marriage and proof of the children's birth.

For more information on obtaining military pension records, visit the United States National Archives.


Back to Columbia County Military Page

Extracted by Robyn Greenlund Copyright 2007