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"The Heart of the Western Frontier"
Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Which Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, and the Date of Original Allowance, United States Pension Bureau Senate
Volume IV, Washington. Government Printing Office, 1883
On 8 Dec 1882, the US Senate passed a resolution to enumerate, by town, county, and state, all individuals receiving a pension. This list is taken from that document. It is used today as a major genealogical source for Civil War and the War of 1812 pensioners. Pensioners in this transcribed version of the original document are listed by county, post office and alphabetically by name.
This document, digitally scanned by Google, can be found on Google Books.
Lane - Linn - Marion - Multnomah - Polk - Tillamook - Umatilla - Union - Wasco - Washington - Yamhill - Entire State
Where to Go From Here
|Most soldiers or their widows or minor children
applied for a pension. In some cases, a dependent father
or mother applied. The pension files are indexed by the
National Archives microfilm publication T288, General
Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (544
rolls) which is also available online at Ancestry.com
(for a fee).
The pension file will often contain more information about what the soldier did during the war than the Compiled Military Service Records, and it may contain much medical information if he lived for a number of years afterwards. For example, in his pension file, Seth Combs of Company C, 2d Ohio Cavalry, reported: "...my left eye was injured while tearing down a building...and in pulling off a board a splinter or piece struck my eye and injured it badly...it was hurt while in the Shenandoah Valley near Winchester, Va. about Christmas 1864--a comrade who stood by me name Jim Beach is dead." In another affidavit, Seth said he "also got the Rheumatism while on duty as a dispatch bearer on detached duty."
To obtain a widow's pension, the widow had to provide proof of marriage, such as a copy of the record kept by county officials, or by affidavit from the minister or some other person. Applications on behalf of the soldier's minor children had to supply both proof of the soldier's marriage and proof of the children's birth.
For more information on obtaining military pension records, visit the United States National Archives.
Back to Grant County Military Page