Daily Evening Bulletin
Philadelphia, Saturday April 29, 1865
Volume XIX---No. 16
Gibson Peacock Editor
F L Fetherston Publisher
Transcribed by: Donald Buncie
The Rebels in Canada-The Georgian
Case-Examination of McDonald- He is
Committed for Trial
[From the Toronto Globe, April 27.]
William Lawrence McDonald, arrested on suspicion of violating the neutrality laws, was brought up yesterday morning
at the Police Court before Alderman J. Vance. The court room was well filled with Southern sympathizers, among
whom was the St. Albans raider Bennett H. Young and the public generally. The first witness placed in the box was
Godfrey J. Hyams, whose testimony was as follows:
I live in York street, in this city, and know the prisoner, McDonald; I have known him for upwards of twelve months;
he resided, when I first knew him, with his sister, on Adelaide street; his occupation within the past winter and
fall, has been making and preparing munitions of war as agent, under Colonel Thompson, of the Confederate States
of America; I have seen him during that time making torpedoes, handshells, Greek fire, and other explosive missiles;
in the process he used powder, shot, fine coal and pitch; he had a small furnace and iron boiler in a house on
Agnes street, where these things were made, and into which he moved in October last; there were several young men
frequented his place; McDonald told me that these munitions and preparations were made to be used upon the steamer
Georgian, which was to proceed from Collingwood upon raiding expeditions against the United States of America;
I have been to McDonald's place on Agnes street since the 6th of February last; since that time I have seen in
his place hand shells and implements of war, which he told me he was finishing and preparing to take to Collingwood
for the steamer Georgian; I have been at Collingwood within the last three weeks; I saw McDonald there on the Georgian,
together with another man named Bates and others whose names I do not know; munitions of war have been concealed
in the house on Agnes street, deposited under the ground floor, through a small trap door made for the purpose
in the floor of the house; the raids were to be made upon the lakes, and against Detroit and other cities; the
Georgian was to be confined for the present to the lakes, and afterwards to go further; I heard McDonald say she
would be "a mighty fine thing" for blockade running.
Robert Spence sworn - I am a collector of customs at Toronto; Collingwood is within my jurisdiction; upon instructions
I proceeded thither on the morning of the 4th of April last, to investigate matters of suspicious character reported
to the government relative to the steamer Georgian; I there saw McDonald, who appeared to be in charge; after making
precautionary arrangements to prevent the vessel from leaving port, I returned to Toronto; I again went out to
Collingwood, on the 7th of April, and found Mr. McDonald, who still appeared to be in charge.
Sergeant Major Hastings, city police, sworn, said - I know the house on Agnes street in which McDonald lived;
I went there on the 26th of March last; there was no person living in it then: I found a lot of bullet moulds,
cartridges, a potash kettle with tar in it, a furnace &c; I reported to the chief of police afterwards; on
the 31st of March, I went again, and found in the cellar below the floor a torpedo, which I brought down to the
chief of police; that night I went again, in the company with detective Mack and the witness Hyams, the latter
of whom went into the cellar and handed up to me twenty-six torpedoes out of the water i the cellar.
J.A. Posey sworn, said - I have been living in Toronto for 12 months; I know McDonald and the house in which he
lived in Agnes street; I have been there several times; upon one occasion, about Christmas, I was there and ohelped
to stow away sme shells and a large kettle; McDonald was there and told me he expected the house would be searched;
there was a trap door in the hall, and I helped to put the shells down this door; I carried them to a Mr. Heming's,
and he put them down the hole; there might have been 50 shells; I did not count them; I saw some powder canisters
and some cartridges.
At this stage the counsel for the Crown stated that a true bill had been found by the Grand Jury against McDonald
in the matter, and proceedings would be stayed, and said the case for the prosecution was closed. He asked that
the prisoner be committed to trial.
Alderman Vance committed the prisoner for trial at the next court of competent jurisdiction.
Another Letter from John Wilkes Booth.
The Inquirer of to-day says: We present below a literal copy of a letter written by John Wilkes Booth to his mother,
and which was penned early on the morning of the memorable 14th of April (Good Friday), the day when the assassination
took place. The letter is directed to "Mrs. M. A. Booth, No. 28 East Nineteenth street, New York, N. Y.,"
and bears a Washington. D. C., Post Office stamp, dated April 14. It bears the appearance of having been written
in considerable haste, and is all contained on one side of half a sheet of note paper. The contents we give without
further comment; they are as follows:
April 14, 2 A. M.--Dearest Mother: I know you expect a letter from me, and am sure you will hardly forgive me.
But indeed I have had nothing to write about. Everything is dull; that is, has been till last night. (The illumination.)
Everything was bright and splendid. More so in my eyes if it had been a display in a nobler cause. But so goes
the world. Might makes right. I only drop you these few lines to let you know I am well, and to say I have not
heard from you. Excuse brevity; am in haste. Had one from Rose. With best love to you all, I am your affectionate
THE END OF THE WAR
When the wiseacres who built the Chicago platform and destroyed what remained of General McClellan declared that,
after four years of the experiment of war, we had failed to restore the Union, they of course knew that they were
declaring a palpable untruth. The "experiment of war" has now been tried. The four years are not yet
passed, for the Battle of Big Bethel, the first of the war, was fought in June, 1861, and the rebellion is crushed
- the war is at an end. When Lee surrendered to Grant Virginia was swept back into her obedience, if not her allegiance,
to Federal authority, and now General Grant telegraphs that, by Johnston's surrender, armed rebellion from the
Neuse to the Chattahoochie is extinct. The territory embraced within these boundaries includes North Carolina,
South Carolina and Georgia, and practically Florida. The rest follow by the very necessity of the case. All organization
is gone, the rebel army disbanded, the men who represented the rebellion, as its authors and leaders, are flying
in haste, with mortal fear to spur them on, and the bubble of a Southern Confederacy, painted in such beautiful
colors and floating so gracefully before the dazzled eyes of English slaveholders and Northern copperheads, has
been pricked by mudsill bayonets and has vanished into air.
We wish we could say it had left not a wreck behind. But alas! its wreck must lie upon our shores for generations
to come, and as long as the life of this nation, there will not be wanting relics and landmarks to tell the sad
story of the ruin that rebellion brought upon the land.
The war is at an end, and the important task of reconstruction has commenced. We want now, more perhaps than ever
before, a steady, calm spirit among our people. The natural tendency is to run riot with the sense of security
and of increased power. Our communities have chafed and fretted against the immunity enjoyed by domestic traitors,
and the leniency enjoyed with which a benignant Government has dealt with the rebels themselves; and now, as we
are evidently entering upon a sterner order of things, when treason is to be made odious and rebellion is to be
treated as a monstrous crime, there is greater need than ever that our people should guard against violence and
disorder of every kind, and reach the end of justice only through the channels of law. Our views regarding the
punishment of treason have been too clearly and too often stated to require their repetition here. We hope to
see, practically, that those views are in entire accordance with those of the powers of Washington, but we think
that every good citizen is bound to refrain from all interference between the Government and those who have transgressed
its law. If the laws already on the statute book are not strong enough and comprehensive enough, stronger and broader
ones can and must be made. The duty of the people is steadfastly and sternly but calmly and justly to demand the
exercise of law, at the hands of its appointed ministers, and in no case to assume the administration of justice,
through the agency of a mob. If men like the Ingersolls, for instance, insult the loyal instincts of the people
by talking their treasonable doctrines of secession and repudiation and the like, let them be reached by lawful
processes; let them feel the quick but irresistible pressure of social and professional contempt, and there will
be no need of violence or tumult to make them and their sympathizers feel that they live in a city every pulse
of which throbs with devotion to our country, a devotion which time will only make stronger, and which cannot and
will not brook the presence of open-mouthed disloyalty within its boundaries.
REDUCTION OF THE MILITARY
Important Order of the War Department
The following important order has been issued by the War Department:
War Department, Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, April 28, 1865.
---General Order, No. 77. --- For reducing the expenses of the military establishment.
Ordered, First. That the chiefs of the respective bureaus of this department proceed immediately to reduce the
expenses of their respective departments to what is absolutely necessary, in view of an immediate reduction of
the forces in the field and garrisons, and the speedy termination of hostilities, and that they severally make
out statements of the reduction they deem practicable.
Second. That the Quartermaster General discharge all ocean transports not required to bring home troops in remote
departments. All river and inland transportation will be discharged, except that required for the necessary supplies
to troops in the field. Purchases of horses, mules, wagons and other land transportation, will be stopped; also,
purchases of forage, except what is required for immediate consumption. All purchases for railroad construction
and transportation will also be stopped.
Third. That the Commissary General of Subsistence stop the purchase of supplies in his department for such as
may, with what is on hand, be required for the forces in the field to the first of June next.
Fourth. That the Chief of Ordinance stop all purchase of arms, ammunition and material therefor, and reduce the
manufacturing of arms and ordnance stores in Government arsenals as rapidly as can be done without injury to the
Fifth. That the Chief of Engineers, stop work on all field fortifications and other works, except those for which
specific appropriations have been made by Congress for completion, that may be required for the proper protection
of works in progress.
Sixth. That all soldiers in hospitals who require no further medical treatment be honorably discharged from service,
with immediate payment. All officers and enlisted men who have been prisoners of war and are now on furlough or
at parole camps, and all recruits in rendezvous, except those for the regular army, will likewise be honorably
Officers whose duty it is, under the regulations of the service, to make out rolls and other final papers connected
with the discharge and payment of soldiers, are directed to make them out without delay, so that this order may
be carried into effect immediately.
Seventh. The Adjutant-General of the army will cause immediate returns to be made by all commanders in the field,
garrisons, detachments and parts of their respective forces, with a view to their immediate reduction.
Eighth. The Quartermasters of subsistence, Ordinance, Engineers and Provost Marshal-General's Departments will
reduce the number of clerks and employees to that absolutely necessary for closing the business of their respective
departments, and will without delay report to the Secretary of War the number required of each class or grade.
The Surgeon-General will make a similar reduction of surgeons, nurses and attendants in his bureau.
Ninth. The Chiefs of the respective Bureaus will immediately cause property returns to be made out of public property
in their charge, and statements of property in each that may be sold upon advertisement and public sale without
prejudice to the service.
Tenth. That the Commissary of Prisoners will have rolls made out of the name, residence, time and place of capture,
and occupation of all prisoners of war who will take the oath of allegiance to the United States, to the end that
such as are disposed to become good and loyal citizens of the United States, and who are proper objects of executive
clemency, may be released upon terms that, to the President, shall seem fit and consistent with public safety.
By order of the Secretary of War.
W. A. Nichols, A.A.G.
Official---Thomas M. Vincent, A.A.G.
FRIGHTFUL CALAMITY ON THE MISSISSIPPI
The most terrible steamboat calamity which ever occurred in America, or in the world, took place at two o'clock
yesterday morning, in the Mississippi river, seven miles above Memphis. The steamer Sultana, with two thousand
Union prisoners on board, was blown up, and the telegraphic accounts state that fourteen hundred lives were lost.
The Sultana was a very large vessel, built for the lower Mississippi trade some twelve or more years ago, and at
one time she was considered as splendid a steamer as any on the river, for size, speed and magnificence of appointments.
At the time of the explosion she must have been nearly worn out, the rate at which Western steamboats are run out
not being calculated to make them last more than ten or fifteen years, at best. The Sultana left New Orleans on
the evening of the 21st, and when she arrived at Vicksburg her boilers were leaking badly. She remained there thirty
hours and took on nearly eleven hundred Federal officers and soldiers who had been recently released from rebel
prisons. Leaving Vicksburg, with her boilers probably patched up temporarily, the Sultana came up the river and
arrived at Memphis Thursday evening, and after coaling she proceeded, when the calamity occurred. A Cairo despatch
dated yesterday thus closes the frightful narration: - "At 4 A.M. To-day the river in front of Memphis was
covered with soldiers struggling for life, many of them badly scalded. Boats immediately went to their rescue,
and are still engaged in picking them up. General Washburne immediately organized a board of officers, and they
are now at work investigating the affair."
It is to be hoped that the investigation into this terrible affair will be searching and thorough. There is no
excuse for such murderous recklessness as that which caused this disaster. If the boilers were leaking so badly
as to cause a delay of thirty hours at Vicksburg, the officers of the boat must have known that the steamer was
not fit for the transportation of two thousand men, and they should have declined to risk the voyage. They probably
"trusted to luck," knowing the bad state of the boilers, as too many Western captains and engineers are
in a habit of doing, under similar circumstances.
The President and the Governor of Pennsylvania
[ From the Washington Chronicle, 28th]
Yesterday morning President Johnson received a number of citizens of Pennsylvania, who presented to him the following
earnest and patriotic letter from Governor Curtin of that State. We noticed among those present Colonel F. Jordan,
military agent of Pennsylvania, and his assistant, Colonel Gilliland; Samuel Wagner, Esq., of York county, and
others. Colonel J. W. Forney read the letter of Governor Curtin to the President.
Executive Chamber, Harrisburg, Pa., April 25, 1865. - Sir: - I have just returned from reverently attending the
remains of our martyred President, on their passage through this commonwealth, and I avail myself of the first
moment to assure you that, as Pennsylvania has throughout steadily and effectively sustained the Government in
its efforts to crush the existing rebellion, so she and her authorities may be relied on to stand heartily by your
Administration, and that with an earnestness and vigor enhanced by the just horror which all her people entertain
of the base and cowardly assassination to which your predecessor has fallen victim.
I know that it is unnecessary to give you this assurance; but looking to the vast responsibilities that have been
suddenly cast upon you, it has seemed to me that an express word of hearty encouragement from your friends cannot
be otherwise than agreeable to you. I should have visited Washington to say this much to you in person, but I am
unwilling just at this moment to incur the danger of interfering with the just discharge of your public duties
by occupying your time.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, A.G. CURTIN.
To the President.
In reply, President Johnson expressed his fervent thanks to Governor Curtin for the hearty manner in which he
had proffered his valuable support of the general administration. Some of his most interesting recollections were
of the old Keystone State. In the war for the maintenance of the Government she had surpassed herself in her contributions
to our armies and in the valor and sacrifices of her sons, many of whom he classed among his best friends, having
met them in large numbers during his trials in Tennessee. President Johnson trusted that his administration of
the Government would not be unworthy of the confidence of the loyal people of Pennsylvania.
LIST OF THE ARMIES AND OFFICERS
Four Armies and Sixty-Six General
The Last Grand Army of the Rebels
[From the New York Herald, to-day.]
Rebel General Officers Surrendered by
The following rebel Generals held commands in the district of country commanded by Joe Johnston at the date
of the surrender, and may consequently be considered prisoners to our forces. Beauregard, as commander of a military
division lying west of the Chattahoochee, may argue himself still free, but as he was with Johnston at the time
of the surrender, and was inferior to him in rank, Sherman will have good grounds for claiming the person of
the wily Frenchman. We give the list in alphabetical order and according to rank, as more convenient for reference;
Beauregard, Peter T. G., of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; resigned captaincy of United States Engineers
February 20, 1861; commissioned brigadier-general rebel army March 5, 1861; made fifth general rebel army April
14; fought at Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Shiloh, Corinth, Siege of Charleston, Pocotaligo, October 23, 1862; attacked
fleet off Charleston January 31, 1863; Petersburg, June 11, 1864; October 17, assumed command Military Division
of the West; relieved by Joe Johnston.
Bragg, Braxton, of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; captain United States Army; appointed Brigadier General
rebel army 1861; promoted Major General September 12, 1861; promoted General April 7, 1862; fought at Siege of
Pickens, Shiloh, Corinth, Munfordsville, Perryville, Stone River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga and
Kinston; was acting general in chief from January 1 to November 17, 1864; commanded Department of North Carolina.
Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, Virginia; graduate of West Point; resigned in 1861, commander-in-chief in Virginia,
fought at Bull Run, and all battles of McClellan's campaign, until wounded in the seven days' battles before
Richmond; relieved by Lee, placed in command Western armies January, 1863. December 27, 1863 assumed command
Army of Tennessee, commanding Atlanta campaign. Relieved July 17, 1864, by Hood; reappointed to command February
Hampton, Wade, of South Carolina, colonel Hampton Legion, 1861; promoted brigadier general, 1862; promoted
major general, August 3, 1863; promoted lieutenant general, February, 1865; fought in most of the cavalry battles
of the Virginia campaigns and late campaign in South and North Carolina.
Hardee, William J., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; resigned, 1861; appointed major general, October
7, 1861; promoted lieutenant general in 1862; fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Resaca, Atlanta
and Jonesboro, commanding district of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Hill, Daniel H., of North Carolina, colonel 1st North Carolina; promoted brigadier general, 1862, major-general,
1863, lieutenant-general, 1863, commanding district of Georgia.
Lee, Stephen D., of South Carolina, Graduate of West Point 1854, resigned 1861. Captain rebel Washington
mounted artillery 1861. Promoted brigadier-general August 8, 1862. Repulsed Sherman at Vicksburg December 24, 1862.
July 4, 1863, captured Vicksburg. December, 1863, commanding in North Mississippi. June, 1864, promoted lieutenant-general.
Commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Stewart, Alexander, P., of Tennessee, Graduate of West Point. Captain artillery 1861. November 8, promoted
brigadier-general. Jun. 2, 1863, promoted major-general. July 7, 1864, promoted lieutenant-general. Fought at Belmont,
Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and all the Atlanta campaign battles,
Dalton, Franklin and Nashville. Commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Anderson, Patten, of Florida. Colonel 1st Florida 1861. Promoted brigadier general February 10, 1862. Promoted
major general February 17, 1863. Fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Jonesboro, where wounded.
Bate, William B., of Tennessee. Attorney General of Tennessee. Colonel 2d Tennessee 1861. Fought at Shiloh,
Dalton, Resaca, Atlanta (wounded), Spring Hill, Murfreesboro, Bentonsville.
Breckinridge, John C., of Kentucky. Vice President of the United States until March 4th, 1861. Senator to September
8th, 1861. Promoted Brigadier General rebel army same day of resignation of Senatorship. Promoted Major General
April 6th. Fought at Shiloh, Baton Rouge, Nashville (1863), Stone river, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Coal Harbor.
February, 1864, appointed Secretary of War.
Brown, John C. of Tennessee. Wounded at Franklin, Tenn. Confirmed major general, Feb. 20, 1865.
Butler, M. C., of South Carolina, Sept. 1, 1862, promoted brigadier general of cavalry. Sept.19, promoted major
general commanding division of Hampton's corps.
Cheatham, Ben. F., of Tennessee, Appointed brigadies general June 7, 1861. Promoted major general Oct. 8, 1862.
Fought at Belmont, Shiloh, Perryville, Stone River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Ressacca, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree
Creek, Atlanta, Jonesbery, Franklin, Nashville and Bentonsville; commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Clayton, Henry C., of Alabama. Commanding division of S. D. Lee's corps. Cobb, Howell, of Georgia, M.C. 1844-45:
Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan; Col. Cobb Legion, 1861. Promoted brigadier-general 1861. Promoted major
general Sept. 9, 1863. Commanding district of Georgia at Macon.
French, Samuel G., of Mississippi. Graduate of West Point. Appointed brigadier general October 23, 1861. Promoted
major general January 14, 1863. Fought at Petersburg, VA., Kenesaw, Allatoona, Franklin and Nashville.
Hoke, R. F., of North Carolina. Colonel 13th North Carolina. Promoted brigadier 1863, major general 1864. Commanding
division of Bragg's army.
Jones, Sam, of Virginia. Commanding sub-district in South Carolina.
Loring, William W.,of North Carolina. Graduate of West Point. Commanding Stewart's corps. Fought at Resaca,
Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville.
Lovell, Mansfield, of New York. Refugee, residing within Joe Johnston's lines.
Maney, George, of Tennessee. Commanding division of Cheatham's corps. Fought at Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Stone
river, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Rasaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin
McLaws, Lafayette, of Georgia. Graduate of West Point. Brigadier General rebel army, September 25, 1861. Major-General
1863. Fought at Gettysburg, Chickamauga and Knoxville. Commanding division Hardee's forces.
Ransom, Robert, of North Carolina. Graduate at West Point. Major general May 25, 1863. On inspector's duty
in North Carolina.
Smith, Gustavus Woodson, of Kentucky, formerly street inspector of New York city. September 19, 1861, appointed
major general rebel army. February 26, 1863, resigned. 1864, President Etowah Iron Works, Georgia. Appointed command
division Georgia State troops under Cobb, at Macon.
Stevenson, C. L. Graduate of West Point. Commanding division of Lee's corps. Fought at Vicksburg, Chattanoogo,
and all the battles of the Atlanta and Nashville campaign.
Wheeler, Joseph R., of Alabama. Graduate of West Point, 1859. Commanding corps of cavalry.
Young, F. M. B., of Georgia. Commanding division cavalry under Wade Hampton.
Baker, Lawrence S., of North Carolina; promoted brigadier general July 23, 1863. Commanded District of Upper
Battle, Joel A., of Tennessee.
Blanchard, Albert G., of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; promoted brigadier general Sept. 21, 1861.
Bonham, Milledge L., of South Carolina: appointed brigadier general rebel army before battle of Bull Run. Resigned
and became Governor of South Carolina. Reappointed brigadier general Feb. 20, 1865.
Brown, W. Montgomery, District Columbia, Editor Buchanan's organ at Washington, 1861, colonel on Jeff. Davis'
staff in 1863, commanding Bureau of Conscription at Augusta.
Chestnut, James, of South Carolina, commanding reserve of South Carolina.
Clingman, Thomas L., of North Carolina, formerly in United States Congress, colonel 25th North Carolina; promoted
1863; promoted in battle of Weldon Railroad; on duty in North Carolina.
Cummings, ---------, commanding brigade Lee's corps.
Deas, Zachary S., of Alabama, colonel 22d Alabama, commanding infantry brigade.
Dibbrell, G. G., of Tennessee, commanding brigade Wheeler's cavalry.
Elliott, Stephen, of South Carolina, commanding cavalry brigade.
Ferguson, Sam. W., of Mississippi, graduate of West Point; aid to Beauregard at Bull Run; colonel on Beauregard's
staff at Shiloh. July 23 promoted brigadier general of cavalry.
Farley, J.J., of Florida, commanding infantry brigade.
Fry, D.B., of Georgia, commanding at Augusta.
Gartrell, Lucius H., of Georgia, M.C., colonel 7th Georgia; resigned and represented Georgia in rebel Congress;
appointed brigadier general in 1864; wounded at Coosawatchie, S.C., Dec. 9, 1864.
Goran, D.C., of North Carolina; commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Hagood, Johnston R., of South Carolina; commanding infantry brigade. Bragg's army.
Herbert, Lewis, graduate of West Point, lately commanding district of Cape Fear river.
Iverson, Alfred, Jr., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; commanding cavalry brigade in Georgia.
Jackson, John K., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; commanding division under Hardee.
Kirkland, W.H., of North Carolina, colonel of 11th North Carolina, promoted brigadier August 29, 1863; commanding
brigade, Hoke's division.
Leadbetter, Danville, of Alabama, graduate of West Point; chief engineer Army of Tennessee.
Leaventhrope, C., of North Carolina; commanding militia of North Carolina.
Lewis, Joseph H., of Kentucky; commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Lowrey, H.P., of Mississippi, commanding brigade, Cheatham's corps.
Mackall, William Wharm, of Georgia, graduate of West Point; assistant adjutant general to Sidney Johnston; April
7, 1862, captured at Island No. 10; chief of staff to Joe Johnston.
Manigault, Arthur M., of South Carolina, Colonel 10th South Carolina, commanding brigade infantry, Army of Tennessee.
Wounded at Franklin, Tennessee.
Mercer, Henry E., of Georgia, commanding brigade infantry in Army of Tennessee.
Miller, William, of Florida, commanding at Magnolia, Florida.
Petlus, Edmund W., of Alabama, commanding brigade of S.D. Lee's corps.
Reynolds, A.W., of Mississippi, Colonel 26th Mississippi; promoted Brigadier-General September 14, 1863; wounded
Ripley, -----, Graduate of West Point; Chief of Ordinance, United States Army; commanding Military District of
Talliaferro, W.B., of Virginia; commanding Second and Thrid districts of Department of South Carolina, Georgia
Vance, -----, of North Carolina, son of Governor Vance; captured in east Tennessee 1864; lately exchanged.
Wafford, W.P., of Georgia, commanding at Atlanta.
Wood, W.B., of Alabama, Colonel 15th Alabama; brigadier-general, commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Wright, A.R., of Georgia, commanding Georgia militia.
York, Zebulon, of Louisiana; wounded at Columbia, South Carolina.
Generals, ................................................................. 3
Lieutenant-Generals, .............................................. 5
The Armies Surrendered.
The following organizations are included in the force surrendered by Gen. Johnston:
MILITARY DIVISION OF THE WEST---GENERAL
Army of Tennessee.
Army of North Carolina, General Braxton Bragg.
Army of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Lieut.-Gen. W. J. Hardee.
Georgia State Militia, Major-Gen. Howell Cobb.
The only remaining rebel army east of the Mississippi not surrendered is that of
Dick Taylor, which also formed a part of General Johnston's command; but as Jeff. Davis is probably making his
way through that district and army, Johnston doubtless declined to surrender it until Davis could get beyond the
The Funeral Cortege.
CLEVELAND, April 28. - Everywhere after leaving Buffalo there were numerable flags and mottoes.
At Dunkirk, the platform was elaborately decorated with festoons of evergreens, extended along the eaves of the
building, interlaced with crape. Thirty-six young ladies in white with black scarfs, representing the States, were
posted on the platform. The bells were tolled and minute guns fired.
At Westfield five ladies, including the wife of Colonel Drake, killed at Cold Harbor, brought in a cross and wreath
of flowers. On the former were the words: "Our's the cross - thine the crown." All were affected to tears,
and considered it a privilege to kiss the coffin.
At Ripley General Dix and staff took their leave.
At the various places crowds were assembled, manifesting unabated interest.
At Wickliffe, Ohio, Governor Brough and staff came aboard; also, General Hooker and staff, Senator Sherman and
many others of the Committee to meet the remains.
Cleveland was reached at seven o'clock in the morning. All the places of business were closed to-day. All the
flags were at half-mast, a salute of thirty-six guns fired, and half-hour guns fired till sunset. The coffin was
then placed in a hearse, the roof of which was covered with national flags and otherwise tastefully adorned.
The military escort embraced General Hooker and staff, Governor Brough and staff, and the civic escort was followed
by the United States civil officers, veteran soldiers, City Councilmen, Knights, Templars, the Fenian Brotherhood,
Temperance Societies and citizens.
The sidewalks were densely crowded, and the emblems were everywhere prominent, together with expressive mottoes.
In the Park a building had been erected expressly for the reception of the remains, to which they were conveyed.
The roof was in the pagoda style, the catafalque consists of a raised dais, the coffin resting upon this two feet
above the floor.
On the corners stand columns supporting a canopy; the columns were draped and wreathed with evergreens and white
flowers. Black cloth falling as curtains, fringed with silver, are looped back to these columns. The floor and
sides of the dais are covered with black cloth. The whole affair was very beautiful.
The religious exercises performed by Bishop McIlvaine were extremely solemn, and moved many of the listeners to
tears. The number passing the remains was at the rate of one hundred and eighty a minute. Two rows of spectators
were constantly passing. The coffin lid was freshly covered with flowers by the ladies representing the Ladies'
The display at Chicago will be the largest ever known there. Forty-one organizations, numbering twenty-five thousand
men, have already reported to the Chief Marshal. We leave Cleveland at midnight, and will arrive at Columbus in
the morning. Everywhere deep sorrow has been manifested, and the feeling seems to deepen as we move westward. Governor
Brough has tendered the hospitalities of his residence to the funeral party.
It is stated that a material reform in rates between this country and Italy has been effected, the effects of which
will doubtless be appreciated by Americans residing in that country. But the exchange of letters between America
and Italy is nothing compared with that between this country and England, and it is a mystery why the present excessive
rates should be continued. We transmit a letter from Maine to Texas for three cents, when constant trans-shipment
adds to the trouble and expense. But to send the same letter across the ocean, which is but a single trouble, eight
times the price are asked, with all kinds of annoying and absurd regulations. For example, if a letter is over
double postage, it is not charged treble, but quadruple, if over quadruple, not five-fold but six-fold, and so
on. If by any mistake the letter is insufficiently prepaid, the whole amount paid is disregarded and double additional
postage is exacted in England.
A dime or a half dime postage is all that should be charged, and it is quite time that this abuse of long standing
should be reformed.
RETRENCHMENT IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
Secretary Stanton has issued an order, which will meet with universal approbation, directing the military establishment
of the nation. He directs reduction of outlays in each bureau of the department, including the discharge of all
ocean transports not absolutely required to bring troops home; the stoppage of the purchase of subsistence and
of arms, and of labor on fortifications, save in cases where appropriations have been made by Congress. The manufacture
of arms and ordnance stores is to be reduced. All soldiers in hospital who do not require further medical treatment
are to be paid off at once and discharged. Paroled prisoners and all recruits in rendezvous, except those for the
regular army, are to be honorably discharged. The forces in the field are to be reduced at once as well as garrison
detachments, &c. The number of clerks and employes in the subsistence, ordnance and Provost Marshal General's
offices is to be brought down to the smallest possible figure. All rebel prisoners who are willing to take the
oath of allegiance are to be released without delay.
Now that the rebellion is really at an end this system of retrenchment becomes a necessity, and we are glad to
see that the Secretary of War has so promptly inaugurated it. A thousand leaks will thus be stopped, and the financial
affairs of the republic will soon get into such a shape, that the Secretary of the Treasury can see his way clear
to a resumption of specie payments.
Gen. Sherman's Rule in North Carolina
[From the Raleigh Progress of April 18.]
Gen. Sherman came into North Carolina to save, not to destroy, and from the order of Gen. Slocum, published yesterday,
our people can see that the army is commanded to respect persons and property in this state. We have heard of excesses
and outrages, however, but we know that those in authority are doing all they can to suppress them and restore
order. These outrages are committed by stragglers and not by foragers or organized troops, and when reported and
guilty parties can be identified they are punished. Gen. Sherman looks upon North Carolina as part and parcel of
the American Union, and has already, we are informed, issued an order that those of her people who are within his
lines be respected and treated as citizens of the United States.
The rule in the city has been not only mild but kind, and we were assured yesterday that patrols were being organized
to preserve order and prevent marauding by stragglers in the surrounding country.
But war is terrible and the presence of large armies distressing, under the most favorable circumstances, and
hence our only relief is that peace which can only be restored by the restoration of the National authority and
the observance of the laws of the United States by all the people of all the States; and to secure this it is only
necessary to lay down our arms and demand that protection and security that the Government cannot refuse to American
citizens. When General Johnston's army shall have stacked arms and the men shall have dispersed, we suppose that
neither Davis nor Vance nor any other of their followers or adherents will urge the scattered fragments of armies
in the Cotton States to make further resistance; and so the prospect that all armed resistance to the Government
will cease very soon amounts almost to a certainty. And we can assert further that no one desires this more ardently
than General Sherman. He is not cruel nor vindictive; he will war upon all men in arms against the Government whose
officer he is, but as soon as a man lays down his arms and expresses a willingness to submit to the national authority,
Gen. Sherman becomes his friend. While stragglers who hang upon the army may rob and plunder persons in the country,
a thing which no one regrets more than Gen. Sherman, we know that by his order the destitute are being fed from
his stores, and many, left in an almost starving condition by the Confederate authorities, will be saved thereby.
But Gen. Sherman has the chief command of an immense army, and of course cannot look after every man's house and
farm, or see all who have complaints to make; but Gen. Schofield, who commands the Department of North Carolina,
and Gen. Stiles, who commands in this city, will see and hear all who have been wronged, and do all in their power
to relieve them; and to those gentlemen we refer all who may be annoyed by stragglers or in want of protection.
Gen. Sherman is anxious for the return of peace and quiet and is doing all he can to secure them, and we hope
to be able to announce, in a few days, that the rebellion has ceased, that all our people have returned to their
allegiance, and that the Union Soldiers are on their way to their homes, where loved ones anxiously await them.
We have conversed with no officer or man in the Union army that does not express an ardent desire for an early
peace upon the basis of a restored Union, with the equality of the people of the two sections and a return of friendship
and social and commercial intercourse.
We bid our people be of good cheer, for the day of our deliverance is at hand.
Terrible Catastrophe on the Mississippi -
Fourteen Hundred Paroled Union Soldiers Scalded and Drowned
CAIRO, April 28. - The steamer Sultana, from New Orleans on the evening of the 21st instant, arrived at Vicksburg,
with her boilers leaking badly. She remained there thirty hours repairing and took on one thousand nine hundred
and ninety-six Federal soldiers and thirty-five officers, lately released from Columbia and Andersonville prisons.
She arrived at Memphis last evening, and after coaling proceeded.
About two o'clock A. M., when seven miles above Memphis, she blew up, and immediately took fire, burning to the
Of two thousand one hundred and six souls on board, not more than seven hundred have been rescued. Five hundred
were rescued, and are now in the hospital. Two hundred or three hundred uninjured men are at the Soldiers' Home.
Captain Mason, of the Sultana, is supposed to be lost.
At 4 A. M. to-day the river in front of Memphis was covered with soldiers struggling for life, many of them scalded.
Boats immediately went to their rescue, and are still picking them up. Gen. Washburne immediately organized a board
of officers, and they are now at work investigating the affair.
Back to Pennsylvania Trails History and Genealogy