Daily Evening Bulletin
Philadelphia, Saturday April 29, 1865

Volume XIX---No. 16
Gibson Peacock Editor
F L Fetherston Publisher
Transcribed by: Donald Buncie



The Rebels in Canada-The Georgian
Case-Examination of McDonald- He is
Committed for Trial
[From the Toronto Globe, April 27.]
William Lawrence McDonald, arrested on suspicion of violating the neutrality laws, was brought up yesterday morning at the Police Court before Alderman J. Vance. The court room was well filled with Southern sympathizers, among whom was the St. Albans raider Bennett H. Young and the public generally. The first witness placed in the box was Godfrey J. Hyams, whose testimony was as follows:
I live in York street, in this city, and know the prisoner, McDonald; I have known him for upwards of twelve months; he resided, when I first knew him, with his sister, on Adelaide street; his occupation within the past winter and fall, has been making and preparing munitions of war as agent, under Colonel Thompson, of the Confederate States of America; I have seen him during that time making torpedoes, handshells, Greek fire, and other explosive missiles; in the process he used powder, shot, fine coal and pitch; he had a small furnace and iron boiler in a house on Agnes street, where these things were made, and into which he moved in October last; there were several young men frequented his place; McDonald told me that these munitions and preparations were made to be used upon the steamer Georgian, which was to proceed from Collingwood upon raiding expeditions against the United States of America; I have been to McDonald's place on Agnes street since the 6th of February last; since that time I have seen in his place hand shells and implements of war, which he told me he was finishing and preparing to take to Collingwood for the steamer Georgian; I have been at Collingwood within the last three weeks; I saw McDonald there on the Georgian, together with another man named Bates and others whose names I do not know; munitions of war have been concealed in the house on Agnes street, deposited under the ground floor, through a small trap door made for the purpose in the floor of the house; the raids were to be made upon the lakes, and against Detroit and other cities; the Georgian was to be confined for the present to the lakes, and afterwards to go further; I heard McDonald say she would be "a mighty fine thing" for blockade running.
Robert Spence sworn - I am a collector of customs at Toronto; Collingwood is within my jurisdiction; upon instructions I proceeded thither on the morning of the 4th of April last, to investigate matters of suspicious character reported to the government relative to the steamer Georgian; I there saw McDonald, who appeared to be in charge; after making precautionary arrangements to prevent the vessel from leaving port, I returned to Toronto; I again went out to Collingwood, on the 7th of April, and found Mr. McDonald, who still appeared to be in charge.
Sergeant Major Hastings, city police, sworn, said - I know the house on Agnes street in which McDonald lived; I went there on the 26th of March last; there was no person living in it then: I found a lot of bullet moulds, cartridges, a potash kettle with tar in it, a furnace &c; I reported to the chief of police afterwards; on the 31st of March, I went again, and found in the cellar below the floor a torpedo, which I brought down to the chief of police; that night I went again, in the company with detective Mack and the witness Hyams, the latter of whom went into the cellar and handed up to me twenty-six torpedoes out of the water i the cellar.
J.A. Posey sworn, said - I have been living in Toronto for 12 months; I know McDonald and the house in which he lived in Agnes street; I have been there several times; upon one occasion, about Christmas, I was there and ohelped to stow away sme shells and a large kettle; McDonald was there and told me he expected the house would be searched; there was a trap door in the hall, and I helped to put the shells down this door; I carried them to a Mr. Heming's, and he put them down the hole; there might have been 50 shells; I did not count them; I saw some powder canisters and some cartridges.
At this stage the counsel for the Crown stated that a true bill had been found by the Grand Jury against McDonald in the matter, and proceedings would be stayed, and said the case for the prosecution was closed. He asked that the prisoner be committed to trial.
Alderman Vance committed the prisoner for trial at the next court of competent jurisdiction.


Another Letter from John Wilkes Booth.
The Inquirer of to-day says: We present below a literal copy of a letter written by John Wilkes Booth to his mother, and which was penned early on the morning of the memorable 14th of April (Good Friday), the day when the assassination took place. The letter is directed to "Mrs. M. A. Booth, No. 28 East Nineteenth street, New York, N. Y.," and bears a Washington. D. C., Post Office stamp, dated April 14. It bears the appearance of having been written in considerable haste, and is all contained on one side of half a sheet of note paper. The contents we give without further comment; they are as follows:
April 14, 2 A. M.--Dearest Mother: I know you expect a letter from me, and am sure you will hardly forgive me. But indeed I have had nothing to write about. Everything is dull; that is, has been till last night. (The illumination.) Everything was bright and splendid. More so in my eyes if it had been a display in a nobler cause. But so goes the world. Might makes right. I only drop you these few lines to let you know I am well, and to say I have not heard from you. Excuse brevity; am in haste. Had one from Rose. With best love to you all, I am your affectionate son ever.



THE END OF THE WAR
When the wiseacres who built the Chicago platform and destroyed what remained of General McClellan declared that, after four years of the experiment of war, we had failed to restore the Union, they of course knew that they were declaring a palpable untruth. The "experiment of war" has now been tried. The four years are not yet passed, for the Battle of Big Bethel, the first of the war, was fought in June, 1861, and the rebellion is crushed - the war is at an end. When Lee surrendered to Grant Virginia was swept back into her obedience, if not her allegiance, to Federal authority, and now General Grant telegraphs that, by Johnston's surrender, armed rebellion from the Neuse to the Chattahoochie is extinct. The territory embraced within these boundaries includes North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, and practically Florida. The rest follow by the very necessity of the case. All organization is gone, the rebel army disbanded, the men who represented the rebellion, as its authors and leaders, are flying in haste, with mortal fear to spur them on, and the bubble of a Southern Confederacy, painted in such beautiful colors and floating so gracefully before the dazzled eyes of English slaveholders and Northern copperheads, has been pricked by mudsill bayonets and has vanished into air.
We wish we could say it had left not a wreck behind. But alas! its wreck must lie upon our shores for generations to come, and as long as the life of this nation, there will not be wanting relics and landmarks to tell the sad story of the ruin that rebellion brought upon the land.
The war is at an end, and the important task of reconstruction has commenced. We want now, more perhaps than ever before, a steady, calm spirit among our people. The natural tendency is to run riot with the sense of security and of increased power. Our communities have chafed and fretted against the immunity enjoyed by domestic traitors, and the leniency enjoyed with which a benignant Government has dealt with the rebels themselves; and now, as we are evidently entering upon a sterner order of things, when treason is to be made odious and rebellion is to be treated as a monstrous crime, there is greater need than ever that our people should guard against violence and disorder of every kind, and reach the end of justice only through the channels of law. Our views regarding the punishment of treason have been too clearly and too often stated to require their repetition here. We hope to see, practically, that those views are in entire accordance with those of the powers of Washington, but we think that every good citizen is bound to refrain from all interference between the Government and those who have transgressed its law. If the laws already on the statute book are not strong enough and comprehensive enough, stronger and broader ones can and must be made. The duty of the people is steadfastly and sternly but calmly and justly to demand the exercise of law, at the hands of its appointed ministers, and in no case to assume the administration of justice, through the agency of a mob. If men like the Ingersolls, for instance, insult the loyal instincts of the people by talking their treasonable doctrines of secession and repudiation and the like, let them be reached by lawful processes; let them feel the quick but irresistible pressure of social and professional contempt, and there will be no need of violence or tumult to make them and their sympathizers feel that they live in a city every pulse of which throbs with devotion to our country, a devotion which time will only make stronger, and which cannot and will not brook the presence of open-mouthed disloyalty within its boundaries.



REDUCTION OF THE MILITARY
FORCES.
----------------------
Important Order of the War Department
The following important order has been issued by the War Department:
War Department, Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, April 28, 1865.
---General Order, No. 77. --- For reducing the expenses of the military establishment.
Ordered, First. That the chiefs of the respective bureaus of this department proceed immediately to reduce the expenses of their respective departments to what is absolutely necessary, in view of an immediate reduction of the forces in the field and garrisons, and the speedy termination of hostilities, and that they severally make out statements of the reduction they deem practicable.
Second. That the Quartermaster General discharge all ocean transports not required to bring home troops in remote departments. All river and inland transportation will be discharged, except that required for the necessary supplies to troops in the field. Purchases of horses, mules, wagons and other land transportation, will be stopped; also, purchases of forage, except what is required for immediate consumption. All purchases for railroad construction and transportation will also be stopped.
Third. That the Commissary General of Subsistence stop the purchase of supplies in his department for such as may, with what is on hand, be required for the forces in the field to the first of June next.
Fourth. That the Chief of Ordinance stop all purchase of arms, ammunition and material therefor, and reduce the manufacturing of arms and ordnance stores in Government arsenals as rapidly as can be done without injury to the service.
Fifth. That the Chief of Engineers, stop work on all field fortifications and other works, except those for which specific appropriations have been made by Congress for completion, that may be required for the proper protection of works in progress.
Sixth. That all soldiers in hospitals who require no further medical treatment be honorably discharged from service, with immediate payment. All officers and enlisted men who have been prisoners of war and are now on furlough or at parole camps, and all recruits in rendezvous, except those for the regular army, will likewise be honorably discharged.
Officers whose duty it is, under the regulations of the service, to make out rolls and other final papers connected with the discharge and payment of soldiers, are directed to make them out without delay, so that this order may be carried into effect immediately.
Seventh. The Adjutant-General of the army will cause immediate returns to be made by all commanders in the field, garrisons, detachments and parts of their respective forces, with a view to their immediate reduction.
Eighth. The Quartermasters of subsistence, Ordinance, Engineers and Provost Marshal-General's Departments will reduce the number of clerks and employees to that absolutely necessary for closing the business of their respective departments, and will without delay report to the Secretary of War the number required of each class or grade. The Surgeon-General will make a similar reduction of surgeons, nurses and attendants in his bureau.
Ninth. The Chiefs of the respective Bureaus will immediately cause property returns to be made out of public property in their charge, and statements of property in each that may be sold upon advertisement and public sale without prejudice to the service.
Tenth. That the Commissary of Prisoners will have rolls made out of the name, residence, time and place of capture, and occupation of all prisoners of war who will take the oath of allegiance to the United States, to the end that such as are disposed to become good and loyal citizens of the United States, and who are proper objects of executive clemency, may be released upon terms that, to the President, shall seem fit and consistent with public safety.
By order of the Secretary of War.
W. A. Nichols, A.A.G.
Official---Thomas M. Vincent, A.A.G.


FRIGHTFUL CALAMITY ON THE MISSISSIPPI
The most terrible steamboat calamity which ever occurred in America, or in the world, took place at two o'clock yesterday morning, in the Mississippi river, seven miles above Memphis. The steamer Sultana, with two thousand Union prisoners on board, was blown up, and the telegraphic accounts state that fourteen hundred lives were lost. The Sultana was a very large vessel, built for the lower Mississippi trade some twelve or more years ago, and at one time she was considered as splendid a steamer as any on the river, for size, speed and magnificence of appointments. At the time of the explosion she must have been nearly worn out, the rate at which Western steamboats are run out not being calculated to make them last more than ten or fifteen years, at best. The Sultana left New Orleans on the evening of the 21st, and when she arrived at Vicksburg her boilers were leaking badly. She remained there thirty hours and took on nearly eleven hundred Federal officers and soldiers who had been recently released from rebel prisons. Leaving Vicksburg, with her boilers probably patched up temporarily, the Sultana came up the river and arrived at Memphis Thursday evening, and after coaling she proceeded, when the calamity occurred. A Cairo despatch dated yesterday thus closes the frightful narration: - "At 4 A.M. To-day the river in front of Memphis was covered with soldiers struggling for life, many of them badly scalded. Boats immediately went to their rescue, and are still engaged in picking them up. General Washburne immediately organized a board of officers, and they are now at work investigating the affair."
It is to be hoped that the investigation into this terrible affair will be searching and thorough. There is no excuse for such murderous recklessness as that which caused this disaster. If the boilers were leaking so badly as to cause a delay of thirty hours at Vicksburg, the officers of the boat must have known that the steamer was not fit for the transportation of two thousand men, and they should have declined to risk the voyage. They probably "trusted to luck," knowing the bad state of the boilers, as too many Western captains and engineers are in a habit of doing, under similar circumstances.


The President and the Governor of Pennsylvania
[ From the Washington Chronicle, 28th]
Yesterday morning President Johnson received a number of citizens of Pennsylvania, who presented to him the following earnest and patriotic letter from Governor Curtin of that State. We noticed among those present Colonel F. Jordan, military agent of Pennsylvania, and his assistant, Colonel Gilliland; Samuel Wagner, Esq., of York county, and others. Colonel J. W. Forney read the letter of Governor Curtin to the President.
Executive Chamber, Harrisburg, Pa., April 25, 1865. - Sir: - I have just returned from reverently attending the remains of our martyred President, on their passage through this commonwealth, and I avail myself of the first moment to assure you that, as Pennsylvania has throughout steadily and effectively sustained the Government in its efforts to crush the existing rebellion, so she and her authorities may be relied on to stand heartily by your Administration, and that with an earnestness and vigor enhanced by the just horror which all her people entertain of the base and cowardly assassination to which your predecessor has fallen victim.
I know that it is unnecessary to give you this assurance; but looking to the vast responsibilities that have been suddenly cast upon you, it has seemed to me that an express word of hearty encouragement from your friends cannot be otherwise than agreeable to you. I should have visited Washington to say this much to you in person, but I am unwilling just at this moment to incur the danger of interfering with the just discharge of your public duties by occupying your time.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, A.G. CURTIN.
To the President.
In reply, President Johnson expressed his fervent thanks to Governor Curtin for the hearty manner in which he had proffered his valuable support of the general administration. Some of his most interesting recollections were of the old Keystone State. In the war for the maintenance of the Government she had surpassed herself in her contributions to our armies and in the valor and sacrifices of her sons, many of whom he classed among his best friends, having met them in large numbers during his trials in Tennessee. President Johnson trusted that his administration of the Government would not be unworthy of the confidence of the loyal people of Pennsylvania.


JOHNSTON'S CAPITULATION.
----------
LIST OF THE ARMIES AND OFFICERS
SURRENDERED.
----------
Four Armies and Sixty-Six General
Officers Captured.
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The Last Grand Army of the Rebels
Destroyed.
----------
[From the New York Herald, to-day.]
Rebel General Officers Surrendered by
Joe Johnston
The following rebel Generals held commands in the district of country commanded by Joe Johnston at the date of the surrender, and may consequently be considered prisoners to our forces. Beauregard, as commander of a military division lying west of the Chattahoochee, may argue himself still free, but as he was with Johnston at the time of the surrender, and was inferior to him in rank, Sherman will have good grounds for claiming the person of the wily Frenchman. We give the list in alphabetical order and according to rank, as more convenient for reference;
Generals
Beauregard, Peter T. G., of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; resigned captaincy of United States Engineers February 20, 1861; commissioned brigadier-general rebel army March 5, 1861; made fifth general rebel army April 14; fought at Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Shiloh, Corinth, Siege of Charleston, Pocotaligo, October 23, 1862; attacked fleet off Charleston January 31, 1863; Petersburg, June 11, 1864; October 17, assumed command Military Division of the West; relieved by Joe Johnston.
Bragg, Braxton, of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; captain United States Army; appointed Brigadier General rebel army 1861; promoted Major General September 12, 1861; promoted General April 7, 1862; fought at Siege of Pickens, Shiloh, Corinth, Munfordsville, Perryville, Stone River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Kinston; was acting general in chief from January 1 to November 17, 1864; commanded Department of North Carolina.
Johnston, Joseph Eggleston, Virginia; graduate of West Point; resigned in 1861, commander-in-chief in Virginia, fought at Bull Run, and all battles of McClellan's campaign, until wounded in the seven days' battles before Richmond; relieved by Lee, placed in command Western armies January, 1863. December 27, 1863 assumed command Army of Tennessee, commanding Atlanta campaign. Relieved July 17, 1864, by Hood; reappointed to command February 25, 1865.
Lieutenant Generals.
Hampton, Wade, of South Carolina, colonel Hampton Legion, 1861; promoted brigadier general, 1862; promoted major general, August 3, 1863; promoted lieutenant general, February, 1865; fought in most of the cavalry battles of the Virginia campaigns and late campaign in South and North Carolina.
Hardee, William J., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; resigned, 1861; appointed major general, October 7, 1861; promoted lieutenant general in 1862; fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Resaca, Atlanta and Jonesboro, commanding district of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Hill, Daniel H., of North Carolina, colonel 1st North Carolina; promoted brigadier general, 1862, major-general, 1863, lieutenant-general, 1863, commanding district of Georgia.
Lee, Stephen D., of South Carolina, Graduate of West Point 1854, resigned 1861. Captain rebel Washington mounted artillery 1861. Promoted brigadier-general August 8, 1862. Repulsed Sherman at Vicksburg December 24, 1862. July 4, 1863, captured Vicksburg. December, 1863, commanding in North Mississippi. June, 1864, promoted lieutenant-general. Commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Stewart, Alexander, P., of Tennessee, Graduate of West Point. Captain artillery 1861. November 8, promoted brigadier-general. Jun. 2, 1863, promoted major-general. July 7, 1864, promoted lieutenant-general. Fought at Belmont, Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and all the Atlanta campaign battles, Dalton, Franklin and Nashville. Commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Major-Generals.
Anderson, Patten, of Florida. Colonel 1st Florida 1861. Promoted brigadier general February 10, 1862. Promoted major general February 17, 1863. Fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Jonesboro, where wounded.
Bate, William B., of Tennessee. Attorney General of Tennessee. Colonel 2d Tennessee 1861. Fought at Shiloh, Dalton, Resaca, Atlanta (wounded), Spring Hill, Murfreesboro, Bentonsville.
Breckinridge, John C., of Kentucky. Vice President of the United States until March 4th, 1861. Senator to September 8th, 1861. Promoted Brigadier General rebel army same day of resignation of Senatorship. Promoted Major General April 6th. Fought at Shiloh, Baton Rouge, Nashville (1863), Stone river, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Coal Harbor. February, 1864, appointed Secretary of War.
Brown, John C. of Tennessee. Wounded at Franklin, Tenn. Confirmed major general, Feb. 20, 1865.
Butler, M. C., of South Carolina, Sept. 1, 1862, promoted brigadier general of cavalry. Sept.19, promoted major general commanding division of Hampton's corps.
Cheatham, Ben. F., of Tennessee, Appointed brigadies general June 7, 1861. Promoted major general Oct. 8, 1862. Fought at Belmont, Shiloh, Perryville, Stone River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Ressacca, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesbery, Franklin, Nashville and Bentonsville; commanding corps army of Tennessee.
Clayton, Henry C., of Alabama. Commanding division of S. D. Lee's corps. Cobb, Howell, of Georgia, M.C. 1844-45: Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan; Col. Cobb Legion, 1861. Promoted brigadier-general 1861. Promoted major general Sept. 9, 1863. Commanding district of Georgia at Macon.
French, Samuel G., of Mississippi. Graduate of West Point. Appointed brigadier general October 23, 1861. Promoted major general January 14, 1863. Fought at Petersburg, VA., Kenesaw, Allatoona, Franklin and Nashville.
Hoke, R. F., of North Carolina. Colonel 13th North Carolina. Promoted brigadier 1863, major general 1864. Commanding division of Bragg's army.
Jones, Sam, of Virginia. Commanding sub-district in South Carolina.
Loring, William W.,of North Carolina. Graduate of West Point. Commanding Stewart's corps. Fought at Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville.
Lovell, Mansfield, of New York. Refugee, residing within Joe Johnston's lines.
Maney, George, of Tennessee. Commanding division of Cheatham's corps. Fought at Shiloh, Corinth, Perryville, Stone river, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Rasaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville.
McLaws, Lafayette, of Georgia. Graduate of West Point. Brigadier General rebel army, September 25, 1861. Major-General 1863. Fought at Gettysburg, Chickamauga and Knoxville. Commanding division Hardee's forces.
Ransom, Robert, of North Carolina. Graduate at West Point. Major general May 25, 1863. On inspector's duty in North Carolina.
Smith, Gustavus Woodson, of Kentucky, formerly street inspector of New York city. September 19, 1861, appointed major general rebel army. February 26, 1863, resigned. 1864, President Etowah Iron Works, Georgia. Appointed command division Georgia State troops under Cobb, at Macon.
Stevenson, C. L. Graduate of West Point. Commanding division of Lee's corps. Fought at Vicksburg, Chattanoogo, and all the battles of the Atlanta and Nashville campaign.
Wheeler, Joseph R., of Alabama. Graduate of West Point, 1859. Commanding corps of cavalry.
Young, F. M. B., of Georgia. Commanding division cavalry under Wade Hampton.
Brigadier Generals.
Baker, Lawrence S., of North Carolina; promoted brigadier general July 23, 1863. Commanded District of Upper North Carolina.
Battle, Joel A., of Tennessee.
Blanchard, Albert G., of Louisiana, graduate of West Point; promoted brigadier general Sept. 21, 1861.
Bonham, Milledge L., of South Carolina: appointed brigadier general rebel army before battle of Bull Run. Resigned and became Governor of South Carolina. Reappointed brigadier general Feb. 20, 1865.
Brown, W. Montgomery, District Columbia, Editor Buchanan's organ at Washington, 1861, colonel on Jeff. Davis' staff in 1863, commanding Bureau of Conscription at Augusta.
Chestnut, James, of South Carolina, commanding reserve of South Carolina.
Clingman, Thomas L., of North Carolina, formerly in United States Congress, colonel 25th North Carolina; promoted 1863; promoted in battle of Weldon Railroad; on duty in North Carolina.
Cummings, ---------, commanding brigade Lee's corps.
Deas, Zachary S., of Alabama, colonel 22d Alabama, commanding infantry brigade.
Dibbrell, G. G., of Tennessee, commanding brigade Wheeler's cavalry.
Elliott, Stephen, of South Carolina, commanding cavalry brigade.
Ferguson, Sam. W., of Mississippi, graduate of West Point; aid to Beauregard at Bull Run; colonel on Beauregard's staff at Shiloh. July 23 promoted brigadier general of cavalry.
Farley, J.J., of Florida, commanding infantry brigade.
Fry, D.B., of Georgia, commanding at Augusta.
Gartrell, Lucius H., of Georgia, M.C., colonel 7th Georgia; resigned and represented Georgia in rebel Congress; appointed brigadier general in 1864; wounded at Coosawatchie, S.C., Dec. 9, 1864.
Goran, D.C., of North Carolina; commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Hagood, Johnston R., of South Carolina; commanding infantry brigade. Bragg's army.
Herbert, Lewis, graduate of West Point, lately commanding district of Cape Fear river.
Iverson, Alfred, Jr., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; commanding cavalry brigade in Georgia.
Jackson, John K., of Georgia, graduate of West Point; commanding division under Hardee.
Kirkland, W.H., of North Carolina, colonel of 11th North Carolina, promoted brigadier August 29, 1863; commanding brigade, Hoke's division.
Leadbetter, Danville, of Alabama, graduate of West Point; chief engineer Army of Tennessee.
Leaventhrope, C., of North Carolina; commanding militia of North Carolina.
Lewis, Joseph H., of Kentucky; commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Lowrey, H.P., of Mississippi, commanding brigade, Cheatham's corps.
Mackall, William Wharm, of Georgia, graduate of West Point; assistant adjutant general to Sidney Johnston; April 7, 1862, captured at Island No. 10; chief of staff to Joe Johnston.
Manigault, Arthur M., of South Carolina, Colonel 10th South Carolina, commanding brigade infantry, Army of Tennessee. Wounded at Franklin, Tennessee.
Mercer, Henry E., of Georgia, commanding brigade infantry in Army of Tennessee.
Miller, William, of Florida, commanding at Magnolia, Florida.
Petlus, Edmund W., of Alabama, commanding brigade of S.D. Lee's corps.
Reynolds, A.W., of Mississippi, Colonel 26th Mississippi; promoted Brigadier-General September 14, 1863; wounded at Bentonsville.
Ripley, -----, Graduate of West Point; Chief of Ordinance, United States Army; commanding Military District of South Carolina.
Talliaferro, W.B., of Virginia; commanding Second and Thrid districts of Department of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
Vance, -----, of North Carolina, son of Governor Vance; captured in east Tennessee 1864; lately exchanged.
Wafford, W.P., of Georgia, commanding at Atlanta.
Wood, W.B., of Alabama, Colonel 15th Alabama; brigadier-general, commanding infantry brigade, Army of Tennessee.
Wright, A.R., of Georgia, commanding Georgia militia.
York, Zebulon, of Louisiana; wounded at Columbia, South Carolina.
RECAPITULATION
Generals, ................................................................. 3
Lieutenant-Generals, .............................................. 5
Major-Generals, .....................................................20
Brigadier-Generals, ................................................38

Total, .................................................................66

The Armies Surrendered.
The following organizations are included in the force surrendered by Gen. Johnston:
MILITARY DIVISION OF THE WEST---GENERAL
JOHNSTON, COMMANDING
Army of Tennessee.
Army of North Carolina, General Braxton Bragg.
Army of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Lieut.-Gen. W. J. Hardee.
Georgia State Militia, Major-Gen. Howell Cobb.

The only remaining rebel army east of the Mississippi not surrendered is that of
Dick Taylor, which also formed a part of General Johnston's command; but as Jeff. Davis is probably making his way through that district and army, Johnston doubtless declined to surrender it until Davis could get beyond the Mississippi.



The Funeral Cortege.
CLEVELAND, April 28. - Everywhere after leaving Buffalo there were numerable flags and mottoes.
At Dunkirk, the platform was elaborately decorated with festoons of evergreens, extended along the eaves of the building, interlaced with crape. Thirty-six young ladies in white with black scarfs, representing the States, were posted on the platform. The bells were tolled and minute guns fired.
At Westfield five ladies, including the wife of Colonel Drake, killed at Cold Harbor, brought in a cross and wreath of flowers. On the former were the words: "Our's the cross - thine the crown." All were affected to tears, and considered it a privilege to kiss the coffin.
At Ripley General Dix and staff took their leave.
At the various places crowds were assembled, manifesting unabated interest.
At Wickliffe, Ohio, Governor Brough and staff came aboard; also, General Hooker and staff, Senator Sherman and many others of the Committee to meet the remains.
Cleveland was reached at seven o'clock in the morning. All the places of business were closed to-day. All the flags were at half-mast, a salute of thirty-six guns fired, and half-hour guns fired till sunset. The coffin was then placed in a hearse, the roof of which was covered with national flags and otherwise tastefully adorned.
The military escort embraced General Hooker and staff, Governor Brough and staff, and the civic escort was followed by the United States civil officers, veteran soldiers, City Councilmen, Knights, Templars, the Fenian Brotherhood, Temperance Societies and citizens.
The sidewalks were densely crowded, and the emblems were everywhere prominent, together with expressive mottoes. In the Park a building had been erected expressly for the reception of the remains, to which they were conveyed. The roof was in the pagoda style, the catafalque consists of a raised dais, the coffin resting upon this two feet above the floor.
On the corners stand columns supporting a canopy; the columns were draped and wreathed with evergreens and white flowers. Black cloth falling as curtains, fringed with silver, are looped back to these columns. The floor and sides of the dais are covered with black cloth. The whole affair was very beautiful.
The religious exercises performed by Bishop McIlvaine were extremely solemn, and moved many of the listeners to tears. The number passing the remains was at the rate of one hundred and eighty a minute. Two rows of spectators were constantly passing. The coffin lid was freshly covered with flowers by the ladies representing the Ladies' Relief Association.
The display at Chicago will be the largest ever known there. Forty-one organizations, numbering twenty-five thousand men, have already reported to the Chief Marshal. We leave Cleveland at midnight, and will arrive at Columbus in the morning. Everywhere deep sorrow has been manifested, and the feeling seems to deepen as we move westward. Governor Brough has tendered the hospitalities of his residence to the funeral party.


POSTAL REFORMS.
It is stated that a material reform in rates between this country and Italy has been effected, the effects of which will doubtless be appreciated by Americans residing in that country. But the exchange of letters between America and Italy is nothing compared with that between this country and England, and it is a mystery why the present excessive rates should be continued. We transmit a letter from Maine to Texas for three cents, when constant trans-shipment adds to the trouble and expense. But to send the same letter across the ocean, which is but a single trouble, eight times the price are asked, with all kinds of annoying and absurd regulations. For example, if a letter is over double postage, it is not charged treble, but quadruple, if over quadruple, not five-fold but six-fold, and so on. If by any mistake the letter is insufficiently prepaid, the whole amount paid is disregarded and double additional postage is exacted in England.
A dime or a half dime postage is all that should be charged, and it is quite time that this abuse of long standing should be reformed.



RETRENCHMENT IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
Secretary Stanton has issued an order, which will meet with universal approbation, directing the military establishment of the nation. He directs reduction of outlays in each bureau of the department, including the discharge of all ocean transports not absolutely required to bring troops home; the stoppage of the purchase of subsistence and of arms, and of labor on fortifications, save in cases where appropriations have been made by Congress. The manufacture of arms and ordnance stores is to be reduced. All soldiers in hospital who do not require further medical treatment are to be paid off at once and discharged. Paroled prisoners and all recruits in rendezvous, except those for the regular army, are to be honorably discharged. The forces in the field are to be reduced at once as well as garrison detachments, &c. The number of clerks and employes in the subsistence, ordnance and Provost Marshal General's offices is to be brought down to the smallest possible figure. All rebel prisoners who are willing to take the oath of allegiance are to be released without delay.
Now that the rebellion is really at an end this system of retrenchment becomes a necessity, and we are glad to see that the Secretary of War has so promptly inaugurated it. A thousand leaks will thus be stopped, and the financial affairs of the republic will soon get into such a shape, that the Secretary of the Treasury can see his way clear to a resumption of specie payments.


Gen. Sherman's Rule in North Carolina
[From the Raleigh Progress of April 18.]
Gen. Sherman came into North Carolina to save, not to destroy, and from the order of Gen. Slocum, published yesterday, our people can see that the army is commanded to respect persons and property in this state. We have heard of excesses and outrages, however, but we know that those in authority are doing all they can to suppress them and restore order. These outrages are committed by stragglers and not by foragers or organized troops, and when reported and guilty parties can be identified they are punished. Gen. Sherman looks upon North Carolina as part and parcel of the American Union, and has already, we are informed, issued an order that those of her people who are within his lines be respected and treated as citizens of the United States.
The rule in the city has been not only mild but kind, and we were assured yesterday that patrols were being organized to preserve order and prevent marauding by stragglers in the surrounding country.
But war is terrible and the presence of large armies distressing, under the most favorable circumstances, and hence our only relief is that peace which can only be restored by the restoration of the National authority and the observance of the laws of the United States by all the people of all the States; and to secure this it is only necessary to lay down our arms and demand that protection and security that the Government cannot refuse to American citizens. When General Johnston's army shall have stacked arms and the men shall have dispersed, we suppose that neither Davis nor Vance nor any other of their followers or adherents will urge the scattered fragments of armies in the Cotton States to make further resistance; and so the prospect that all armed resistance to the Government will cease very soon amounts almost to a certainty. And we can assert further that no one desires this more ardently than General Sherman. He is not cruel nor vindictive; he will war upon all men in arms against the Government whose officer he is, but as soon as a man lays down his arms and expresses a willingness to submit to the national authority, Gen. Sherman becomes his friend. While stragglers who hang upon the army may rob and plunder persons in the country, a thing which no one regrets more than Gen. Sherman, we know that by his order the destitute are being fed from his stores, and many, left in an almost starving condition by the Confederate authorities, will be saved thereby.
But Gen. Sherman has the chief command of an immense army, and of course cannot look after every man's house and farm, or see all who have complaints to make; but Gen. Schofield, who commands the Department of North Carolina, and Gen. Stiles, who commands in this city, will see and hear all who have been wronged, and do all in their power to relieve them; and to those gentlemen we refer all who may be annoyed by stragglers or in want of protection.
Gen. Sherman is anxious for the return of peace and quiet and is doing all he can to secure them, and we hope to be able to announce, in a few days, that the rebellion has ceased, that all our people have returned to their allegiance, and that the Union Soldiers are on their way to their homes, where loved ones anxiously await them. We have conversed with no officer or man in the Union army that does not express an ardent desire for an early peace upon the basis of a restored Union, with the equality of the people of the two sections and a return of friendship and social and commercial intercourse.
We bid our people be of good cheer, for the day of our deliverance is at hand.



Terrible Catastrophe on the Mississippi -
Fourteen Hundred Paroled Union Soldiers Scalded and Drowned
CAIRO, April 28. - The steamer Sultana, from New Orleans on the evening of the 21st instant, arrived at Vicksburg, with her boilers leaking badly. She remained there thirty hours repairing and took on one thousand nine hundred and ninety-six Federal soldiers and thirty-five officers, lately released from Columbia and Andersonville prisons. She arrived at Memphis last evening, and after coaling proceeded.
About two o'clock A. M., when seven miles above Memphis, she blew up, and immediately took fire, burning to the water's edge.
Of two thousand one hundred and six souls on board, not more than seven hundred have been rescued. Five hundred were rescued, and are now in the hospital. Two hundred or three hundred uninjured men are at the Soldiers' Home. Captain Mason, of the Sultana, is supposed to be lost.
At 4 A. M. to-day the river in front of Memphis was covered with soldiers struggling for life, many of them scalded. Boats immediately went to their rescue, and are still picking them up. Gen. Washburne immediately organized a board of officers, and they are now at work investigating the affair.





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