War Service of Members of Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution
1917-1919

transcribed by Marty Carpenter


Army


ARMSTRONG, HAROLD RODNEY,
Enlisted as private, December 10, 1917, in E.Q.M.C., U.S.N.A.; Acting Sergeant, February 15, 1918, Officers Training School, Camp Joseph E. Johnston, Florida; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, June 11, 1918, with duty at Washington, D.C.; 1st Lieutenant, September 13, 1918. honorably discharged, March 31, 1919.

BAIRD, EDGAR WRIGHT,
Captain, Military Intelligence Division, U.S.N.A., January 10, 1918, to February 28, 1919. Honorably discharged, February 28, 1919.

BAIRD, WILLIAM,
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S.A., retired. Duty in War Department, 1917.

BARRATT, NORRIS STANLEY, jr.,
Entered service May 9, 1917, as student at 1st Officers Training Corps, Fort Niagara, New York; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, August 15, 1917; 1st Lieutenant, April 6, 1919. Duty at Camp Meade, Maryland, and from July, 1918, to May, 1919, with 315th Regiment, 79th Division, U.S. N.A., A.E.F., in France. Took part in Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Honorably discharged, June 5, 1919.

BELL, CHARLES EDWARD,
U.S.N.A., Bacteriological Section, 1917-1919, Private, 1st Class; O.T. Camp, Fort Niagara, New York; annd at Camp Wadsworth, South Carolina. Honorably discharged, August 6, 1919.

BONNAFFON, SYLVESTER, 3rd.,
Lieutenant Colonel, Infantry, U.S.A., A.E.F. Served in France from May 13, 1918, to July 19, 1919. In action at Chateau Thierry, July 17-28, 1918; at St. Mihiel Drive, September 12-26, 1918; Staff duty with 1st Army, A.E.F., September-October, 1918; and ditto 2nd Army, A.E.F., October, 1918, to April, 1919. In regular army.

BRADFORD, WILLIAM,
Entered service April 21, 1917, as Sergeant Major, Signal Corps, Adjutant General's Department. Served in both U.S.N.G. And U.S.N.A. Promoted 2nd Lieutenant, December 21, 1917; 1st Lieutenant, October 30, 1918. A.E.F., August 20, 1917 to April 19, 1919, with service on Staff of Commander, 42nd (Rainbow) Division. Took part in minor operations in the Vosges, Febuary-June, 1918, and in the Champagne-Marne defensive battle, July, 1918; also in the Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives, from July to November, 1918. With Army of Occupation, November, 1918, to April, 1919. Honorably discharged, May 14, 1919.

BRICE, CHARLES FREDERICK,
Entered service October 29, 1918, as 1st Lieutenant, Ordnance Department, U.S.N.A. Duty at Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia. Honorably discharged, January 31, 1919.

CADWALADER, GOUVERNEUR,
Major, Ordnance Department. Entered service September 23, 1917. Stationed at Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, Massachusetts. Honorably discharged, January 3, 1919.

CADWALADER, THOMAS,
Entered service June, 1917, as 1st Lieutenant Cavalry, U.S.N.G.; promoted Captain, M.P.C., U.S.A., October 12, 1918. Service in A.E.F. From February 4, 1918, to February 2, 1919. Duty at Lyons, Paris, Nantes, Angouleme, Fresnes, Chateau Thierry, Blois, Tours and Mezy-sur-Marne, France. Honorably discharged, February 18, 1919.

CARPENTER, EDWARD,
Lieutenant Colonel, Field Artillery, U.S.A., 79th Division, 1917'; Colonel Coast Artillery, commanding Fort Monroe, 1917; Colonel and Inspector General and assigned to the 4th Corps, A.E.F., 1918-1919. San Mihiel offensive operations on the Meuse and operations in the vicinity of the Moselle River and Valley; marched through Germany to the Rhine. Gassed in the San Mihiel Salient, October, 1918. Returned to the United States, 1918 and is now (April, 1919) on duty as Inspector General, Port of Debarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey. In regular army.

CASSATT, ROBERT KELSO,
Major, Quartermaster's Corps, U.S.A.; entered August 6, 1918; duty at Washington, D.C.; transferred to War Plans Division and Operations, General Staff, U.S.A. Honorably discharged, December 4, 1919.

CLAPP, ALGERNON ROBERTS,
Entered service June 1, 1917; commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Air Service, U.S.N.A., September 25, 1917. Served at various camps in the United States. Honorably discharged, February 28, 1919.

CLEMENT, CHARLES MAXWELL,
Major General, U.S.N.A. And U.S.N.G. Entered July 14, 1917; commanded at Camps Stewart and Hancock; and the 28th Division in war; overseas September-November, 1917. Honorably discharged from military service December 11, 1917.

CLEMENT, JOHN KAY,
Major, 18th Pennsylvania Infantry, U.S.N.G., later the 111th Infantry, U.S.N.A., from April 14,1917, to May 3, 1918. Duty at Erie and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Camp Hancock, Georgia. Transferred to Ordnance Department, May 3, 1918; promoted Lieutenant Colonel, July 16, 1919. Service at Muscle Shoals, Alabama. Still in service, November, 1919.

COLKET, GEORGE HAMILTON,
Captain, Judge Advocate General's Department, U.S.N.A. Entered July 26, 1918. Duty at Camp Pike, Arkansas; with Alien Property Custodian, Washington D.C; and in office of Naval Intelligence, Philadelphia. Honorably discharged, December 28, 1918.

DECHERT, ROBERT,
First served at Fort Niagara Training Camp for Officers, May, 1917; then 2nd Lieutenant, U.S.A., August 1917; 1st Lieutenant, October 26, 1917; A.E. F., April , 1918; Captain, September 5, 1918; all duty with 7th Infantry, 3rd Division. Sailed April 5, 1918, for France; continuous service with 7th Infantry, 3rd Division, since that date. Actions; Chateau Thierry, May 30-June 10; Belleau Wood, June 15-26; Fossoy (Marne-right of Chateau Thierry), July 1-18; engaged at the North of the Marne River, July 18-27; again at St. Mihiel, September12-14; and at the Argonne-Meuse (North of Montfaucon), September 30-October 25, all in 1918.
Detached service March-July, 1919, Student at Law at Oxford University, England, detailed by A.E.F. Resignation accepted, August 8, 1919.

DETWILLER, ALBERT KNECHT, M. D.
Entered service as Captain, Medical Reserve Corps, U.S.A., June 28, 1917; promoted major, July 11, 1918; Regimental Surgeon, 63rd C.A.C., First Army, A.E.F., for 15 months. Lieutenant Colonel, February 17, 1919. Served at various camps in the United States. Foreign service: Romsey, England; Havre, Camp A 1, British Expeditionary Force, France; Aix-sur-Vienne; La Courtine; Ambazac; Limoges; Saint Morillon; Camp Genicart, Bordeau and Marseilles. Transport Surgeon (S.M.O.) from July, 1918, to February, 1919, in the following steamers: Empress of Britain and the Casetra. Honorably discharged, June 16, 1919.

FORBES, WILLIAM INNES,
Major, 309th Cavalry, U.S.A., U.S.N.G., U.S.N.A., February 15, 1918; Major 57th Field Artillery, U.S.A.; attended School of Artillery Fire, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Resigned, March 1, 1919.

FORNANCE, JOSEPH KNOX,
Entered service July 31, 1917, as Captain of Field Artillery, Pennsylvania National Guard. In France with A.E.F., May 30, 1918. Stationed at La Courtine and later at the front in the Toul and Argonne Forest sectors; took part in the St. Mihiel Drive, and, as Aide-de-Camp to Major General Rhodes of the 42nd Division; also participated in the battles of the Argonne Forest and the Meuse. Appointed a Member of the Permanent International Armistice Commission at Spa, Belgium, November 15, 1918. Promoted to rank of Major of Field Artillery, May 8, 1919. Still in service, November 5, 1919, with duty in War Department, Washington, D.C.

FRANKLIN, CLARENCE PAYNE, M. D.
Entered service as Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.A., April 2, 1917; promoted Major August 6, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel September 22, 1917. Duty at Philadelphia and Camp Crane, Pennsylvania, April, 1917, to May, 1918. Overseas with the Italian Army, May, 1918, to April, 1919, serving as Acting Command, Ambulance Service in Italy and also Acting Chief Surgeon, A.E.F. for Italy. Decorations: War Cross, Order of the Crown of Italy, Order of San Maurizio e Lazaro. Honorably discharged, April 26, 1919.

FREEMAN, CLARENCE PATTON,
Captain, U.S.A. Died from wounds received in action, September 27, 1918, at or near Montfaucon, France.

FRETZ, JOHN EDGAR, M. D.
Contract Surgeon, U.S.A., Camp Lafayette, Easton, Pennsylvania, October 3, 1918, to December 27, 1918.

GLEASON, JOHN SHRIVER,
2nd Lieutenant U.S.N.G., November 27,1917, 1st Lieutenant U.S.N.A., June 17, 1918. Served at Camps Jackson and Sevier in South Carolina. Honorably discharged,November 30, 1918.

GODDARD, ERNEST CLAUDE,
Entered as Major, Ordnance, N.G., April 26, 1918. Served at Camps Perry, Ohio, Benning, Georgia, and Lee, Virginia. Instructor, Small Arms Firing School, and Instructor, Infantry School of Arms. Discharged July 19, 1919, and appointed in Ordnance Department, Officers Reserve Corps, U.S.A., with rank of Major, October 24, 1919.

GRAYSON, CHARLES PREVOST, M.D.,
Entered as Major, Medical Reserve Corps, U.S.A., November 6, 1917; Member, Medical Advisory Board, University of Pennsylvania.

HARRISON, HARRY WALN,
1st Lieutenant, Chemical Warfare Service, August 7, 1918, to February 4, 1919; duty at Long Island City, New York, August, 1918; A.E.F. in France, September, 1918, to January 23, 1919; duties at Chaumont, Verdun, Argonne and Chinon; assigned November, 1918, to 12th Brigade, 6th Division, Staff of General James B. Erwin. Honorably discharged, February 4, 1919.

HENWOOD, WALTER LINCOLN,
Major, Engineers Reserve Corps, N.A., June 28, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel, Q.M.C., N.A., March 20, 1918. Constructing Quartermaster at Camps Wheeler, Georgia, Pig Point, Virginia, and Springfield Point Depot, Massachusetts, from July 23, 1917, to August, 1918. Officer in charge, construction work, Pedrickstown, New Jersey, August, 1918-March, 1919. Still in service November 3, 1919, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel, Q.M.C., Construction Division of the Army.

HERKNESS, ALFRED MORRIS,
1st Lieutenant 309th Cavalry, U.S.N.A. 1st Lieutenant, U.S.A.R.F., 57th Field Artillery, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Honorably discharged February 8, 1919. Graduate, School of Musketry and School of Fire.

HERKNESS, GILBERT,
Entered service May 23, 1918, as private, 29th Engineers, U.S.N.A.; duty at Camp Meade, Maryland. With 79th Division, A.E.F., July 28, 1918, to February 25, 1919. Honorably discharged, March 24, 1919.

HERKNESS, LINDSAY COATES,
Major, August, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel, April 2, 1918; Colonel, October 8, 1918, U.S.A. Served at Camp Upton, New York. Colonel, 302nd Engineers, 77th Division, A.E.F. No other data.

HERKNESS, MALCOLM,
1st Lieutenant, U.S.A.; 160th Infantry, Camp Custer, Michigan. Honorably discharged, December 11, 1918.

HERKNESS, SIDNEY,
Major, Infantry, U.S.A. Served as Aide-de-Camp to Major General Kuhn, 79th Division, and also with Machine Gun section of 52nd and 53rd Infantry, 6th Division. Duty at Camp Spartansburg, South Carolina, and Camp Mills, New York, October, 1917, to July, 1918. With A.E.F., July, 1918, to September, 1919. Service-at St. Menehould, Clermont, Aprement, Grand Pre, Le Mort Homme, Verdun, the Gerardmer Sector, in the Vosges Mountains and other parts of France. Took part in Meuse-Argonne Offensive. In Germany from February to August, 1919, with American Military Mission, Berlin, and at Neuhammer, Silesia; also with Army of Occupation. Honorably discharged, September 27, 1919.

HERKNESS, WAYNE,
Captain, U.S.N.A. Entered service February 13, 1917. With A.E.F., Gas Service, September to December, 1918; duty at General Headquarters Chaumont, France. Honorably discharged, January 4, 1919.

HOOPES, EDWARD,
Captain, U.S.A. Transferred from National Guard to Federal service, August 5, 1917. Aide-de-Camp to General Hay, commanding the 28th Division, Pennsylvania. A.E.F. From March 26, 1918, to April 19, 1919; duty at Contres and in the Toul Sector at Colombey-les-Belles, France. Took part in the Aisne-Mare and Meuse-Argonne offensives. With Army of Occupation, headquarters at Cochem, Germany, March-April, 1919. Honorably discharged, June 2, 1919.

HORNE, SMITH HAMILL, M.D.,
Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.A.; Flight Surgeon, Aviation Corps. Entered August 18, 1918, served at Hazlehurst Field, New York, and Carlstrom Field, Florida. Honorably discharged, March 20, 1919.

HUBBELL, STEWART BROOKS,
2nd Lieutenant, Ordnance Reserve Corps, U.S.N.A., February, 1918, to January, 1919. Served in the office of the Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D.C.; also at Camp Hancock, Georgia, and the Raritan Arsenal, Metuchen, New Jersey. Honorably discharged, January 20, 1919.

HUIDEKOPER, THOMAS WALLIS,
Captain, U.S.A.; Air Service, Aero Construction Squadron, December 5, 1917, to January, 1919. Served at Carlisle, Raymond and Vancouver Barracks, Washington State. Honorably discharged, January 24, 1919.

JARRETT, BROOKE LESSIG,
Entered January 1, 1918, as private, 154th Depot Brigade, Camp Meade, Maryland. Commissioned, August 2, 1918, 2nd Lieutenant, Field Artillery, U.S.A., Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky. Also served at School of Fire, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, November-December, 1918. Honorably discharged, December 18, 1918.

KENDRICK, MURDOCH,
Private, Adjutant General's Department, U.S.A., November 10, 1918, to December 10, 1918.

KENT, HENRY THOMAS,
Captain, U.S.A., 52nd Infantry, 6th Division, Company A. Entered service May 8, 1917. Received training at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. A.E.F. from July, 1918, to July, 1919. Service in Gerardmer Sector, Vosges Mountains and Verdun Sector. Took part in Meuse-Argonne Offensive, October-November, 1918. With Army of Occupation, 1919. Still in service, November,1919.

KNIGHT, BERNARDO HOFF,
Entered as private, July 5, 1918, Q.M.C., U.S.N.A.; promoted Sergeant, 1st Class, September 20, 1918. Served at Camp Wadsworth, South Carolina. Honorably discharged, March 20, 1919.

LANDIS, JOHN FULTON REYNOLDS,
Colonel, U.S.A., retired; Inspector General's Department, May 1, 1917; Colonel, U.S.N.A., March 5, 1918, and Inspector General U.S.A; Council, National Defense Advisory Commission, 1917. Advanced to grade of Colonel on retired list, regular army, April 23, 1919. Relieved from active duty, October 31, 1919.

LATHBURY, BENJAMIN BRENTNALL,
Entered as Major, November 6, 1917; promoted Lieutenant Colonel, October 5, 1918, both in Ordnance Department, U.S.A. Commissioned Colonel, Q.M.C., U.S.A., July 7, 1919. Served in office of Chief of Ordnance, Washington, D.C., November-December, 1917. On Staff of Brigadier General Marshall as Representative of the Ordnance Department, December, 1917. Served at various Ordnance depots in the United States. Still in service, November, 1919.

LEIDY, JOSEPH, M.D.,
Entered as Lieutenant, Medical Reserve Corps, U.S.N.A., March 7, 1917; promoted Captain, October 1, 1917; Major, February 22, 1919; Medical Director, Department of Gas Defense, 30th Division. Served at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Camp Sevier, South Carolina, and Yale Army Medical School. Rendered important service in Gas Warfare. Honorably discharged, December 12, 1918.

LEWARS, THOMAS BELFIELD,
Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, U.S.A., at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, November, 1917; later promoted Captain, Field Artillery. Attached to Field Artillery; duty at Fort Bliss, Texas, and in France with A.E.F., April, 1918. Saw active service in telephone communication work, at Chateau Thierry and St. Mihiel, in the Argonne, and later transferred to 3rd Field Artillery, in Germany. Honorably discharged, July 9, 1919.

LEWIS, DAVID,
Entered service April 15, 1918, as Major, Inspector General's Department, U.S.A.; saw service in France as Inspector 6th Division, A.E.F. Attached to the Inspector General's Office, Washington, D.C., and Assistant to the Port Inspector, New York Harbor. Honorably discharged, February 20, 1919.

McCOY, FRANK ROSS,
Major, Cavalry, U.S.A., March, 1917; joined General Pershing as member of General Staff, A.E.F., in Paris, June 24, 1917; promoted through various grades to Brigadier General, U.S.A., commanding 63rd Infantry Brigade in France; Director General of Transportation; Distinguished Service Medal with citation (U.S.); Officer Legion of Honor, and Croix de Guerre with 3 palms (France); Companion Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.O.M.G.) (Great Britain); Commander Order of Leopold, (Belgium). Took part in Juvigny and Terny-Sorny battles of Oise-Aisne Offensive, 10th French Army, August-September, 1918: Argonne-Meuse Offensive, 1st Army, September-November 11th, 1918; on march through Germany until November 24, 1918; Tours, November, 1918, as Director, Army Transport Service, to January 1, 1919; Deputy Director General of Transportation, January 1st to Mary 15, 1919; Director General of Transportation, May 16, 1919. In regular army.

MILNE, CALEB JONES, 3rd,
Major, Quartermaster's Corps, U.S.A. Served in France with A.E.F., and in Barcelona, Spain. In service April 5, 1917, to May 9, 1919.

MINER, ASHER,
Colonel, U.S.N.G., 109th Field Artillery, A.E.F., in France. Engagements; Fismes-Vesle and Meuse-Argonne. Wounded and lost leg at Apremont in Battle of Argonne Forest. Awarded Distinguished Service Cross. (U.S.) On sick leave, March, 1919.

MUSTIN, JOHN BURTON,
Enlisted as private, Fort Niagara, New York, May 11, 1917; commissioned Captain, Infantry, U.S.N.A., August 15, 1917; Major, Field Artillery, U.S.A., September 22, 1918; service at various camps in the United States from May, 1917 to December, 1918. Honorably discharged, December 11, 1918.

NASSAU, CHARLES FRANCIS, M.D.,
Major, Medical Corps, U.S.N.A., May 29, 1917; ordered on active duty, December 14, 1917; Chief Surgeon, Base Hospital Number 38, at 2nd Regiment Armory, Philadelphia. Arrived in France with A.E.F., July 13, 1918. Stationed at Nantes, Emergency Hospital Number 1, near Toul, Evieux, Souilly and Esnes, Frances. Honorably discharged, March 3, 1919.

NICHOLLS, JOSEPH KLAPP,
Entered service March 25, 1918, as Captain, Adjutant General's Department, U.S.N.A.; promoted Major, August 23, 1918. Duty at Camp Dix, New Jersey, and Camp Meigs, Washington, D.C. Camp Personal Adjutant, Camp Upton, New York, May, 1918, to date March, 1919. No discharge furnished.

PARRY, OLIVER RANDOLPH,
Entered service July 16, 1918, as Captain of Engineers, U.S.R.F., U.S.A. Assigned to E.O.T.C. at Camp Lee, Virginia, July 26, 1918, and to E.O.T. S., at Camp Humphreys, Virginia, August 11, 1918. Served with Quartermaster's Corps, Construction Division, October 8th to December 1, 1918, with duty at Tullytown, Pennsylvania. Commissioned, Captain, Quartermaster Section, Construction Division, U.S.R.F., February 8, 1919.

PATTERSON, HOWARD ASHMAN,
Corporal and Sergeant, U.S.A., Engineers. Entered May 14, 1917. A.E.F. In France from August, 1917, to January, 1919. Duty at Toul and in the Argonne Sectors. Attached part of the time to the Artillery in France, doing camouflage duty. Honorably discharged, February 10, 1919.

PIERCE, CALEB CLARENCE,
Entered Officers Training Camp, Fort Niagara, New York, May 11, 1917; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, A.G.D., U.S.N.A., August 15, 1917; 1st Lieutenant, F.A., U.S.N.A., October 3, 1918. Served also at Camp Meade, Maryland, and the Army War College, Washington, D.C. Honorably discharged, February 15, 1919.

PEPPER, WILLIAM, M.D.,
Colonel, Medical Section, U.S. Officers Reserve Corps. Entered active service June 15, 1917, as Major, and was for a time Adjutant at Camp Greenleaf, Chicamauga Park, Georgia; and afterward Commanding Officer, U.S. Army Base Hospital, Number 74. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel November 6, 1918. Honorably discharged, December 22, 1918.

PEROT, ROBESON LEA,
Entered Ordnance Department, U.S.A., August 26, 1918; duty at South Amboy and Amatol, New Jersey, September-December 1918. Resigned from this appointment, December 14, 1918. Commissioned Captain, in Ordnance Section, O.R.C., December 28, 1918, and assigned to Philadelphia District. Resigned from Ordnance Service, December 14, 1919.

POTTER, CHARLES ADAMS, jr.,
1st Lieutenant, U.S.N.A., Field Artillery, May 14, 1917. Served at Officers Training Camp, Fort Niagara, New York, May-August, 1917; and at Camp Meade, Maryland, August 1917-July, 1918. A.E.F. July 14, 1918, to June 2, 1919. Service in England and France with 312th Field Artillery, 79th Division. Honorably discharged, June 30, 1919.

PRICE, HOWARD CAMPBELL
Colonel, U.S.A., 360th Infantry, 90th Division. Promoted to present grade August 6, 1918. Cited for bravery in action in the San Mihiel Salient, September 12th and 13th, 1918. On November 1st and 2nd, 1918, near Bantheville, contributed actively by ability and energy to the advance and capture of the Freya Stellung at Andevanne and Villers-devant-Dun. For leadership and unusual ability in these actions he was twice recommended for promotion and once for the D.S.O. Cited in General Orders No. 13 for bravery in action during the St. Mihiel operations, September 25th and 26t,h 1918. In regular army.

PRICE, WILLIAM G., jr.
Brigadier General, U.S. National Guard, A.E.F., commanding 53rd Field Artillery Brigade, 28th Division, August 5, 1917, to May 15, 1919. Engagements: Meuse-Argonne Forest in France; Scheldt in Belgium, 1918. Decorations: Croix de Guerre of France with palms, Croix de Guerre of Belgium; awarded Distinguished Service Medal by the President of the United States. Cited for gallant conduct at the front as follows:--"Brigadier General William G Price, jr., United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services; he commanded the Fifty-third Field Artillery Brigade with marked distinction, proving himself a tactical leader of extraordinary ability through the formidable assistance which his brigade furnished to the attacking infantry, during the engagement of the Ninety-first Division, from the Lys to the Scheldt, the rapid advance to the infantry was insured; and the success made more brilliant."
Honorably discharged, May 15, 1919.

PRICHETT, FREDERIC WILSON,
Captain and Major, Ordnance Department, U.S.N.A., October 29, 1917, to December 21, 1918. Served in the Ordnance Department, Washington, D.C. Honorably discharged, December 21, 1918.

QUAY, ANDREW GREGG CURTIN,
Major, Q.M.R.C.,U.S.A. Detailed to organize and command Motor Truck Supply, Train No. 402, August 1, 1917. Honorably discharged, November 15, 1918.

QUINTARD, ROMEYN BERRY,
Entered O.T.C., Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, August 23, 1917; commissioned 1st Lieutenant, F.A., November 27, 1917, and assigned to 336th Field Artillery, 87th Division, U.S.N.A., with station at Camp Pike, Arkansas, December, 1917-June, 1918. Served in A.E.F., France, August 23, 1918, to February 22, 1919. Honorably discharged, March, 1919.

RAY, CHESTER PAUL, jr.,
2nd Lieutenant, U.S.A., Air Service Aeronautics. Entered service, August 27, 1918. Served at Langley and Bolling Fields, Virginia. Honorably discharged, December 18, 1918.

RAY, LEE MILLER,
Entered service, February 24, 1918, as Regimental Sergeant Major, U.S.A., Infantry, with duty at Camp Greene, North Carolina. Received Croix de Guerre of France, and U.S. Distinguished Service Cross. Served with army of occupation, Germany. Honorably discharged, March 30, 1919.

RITER, MICHAEL MILLER,
Entered National Army, May 30, 1917, as 2nd Lieutenant, Supply Company, 313th Infantry, 79th Division. Promoted 1st Lieutenant, August 15, 1917. Served at Camps Meade and Niagara. With A.E.F., France, from July 12, 1918, to May, 1919. Assigned first to Champlette, and then to Longville, as reserve to St. Mihiel Offensive. Took part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, September 26th to November 11th, 1918. Honorably discharged, June 10, 1919.

ROBERTS, SIDNEY LEWIS,
Entered service, May 8, 1917, as 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, O.R.C., with duty at camp for officers at Madison Barracks, New York. Assigned to National Army at Camp Dix, New Jersey, August 28, 1917. Early in 1918 sailed for General Headquarters in France; appointed Replacement Officer, First Army, at Saint Aignan-sur-Cher, May 15, 1918; at this time did duty as French Interpreter; transferred to Department of Yonne as Assistant Zone Major, June, 1918, and to 4th Zone in the Vosges District, August 9, 1918. Served in France 17 months with A.E.F. Honorably discharged, August 4, 1919.

ROSENFIELD, WILLIAM MAXWELL,
Corporal, Ordnance, U.S.N.A., August 21, 1918. Served at various camps in the United States, part of the time in the Field Artillery. Honorably discharged, November 27, 1918.

RUNK, LOUIS BARCROFT,
Major, U.S. Ordnance Reserve Force, September 1, 1917, to date of discharge. Inspector of Ordnance, Bridgeport, Connecticut, September 1st to December 3rd, 1917. Duty with Ordnance Inspection Division, Washington, D.C., December 3, 1917, to August 7, 1918; later transferred to Watervliet Arsenal, Watervliet, New York. Honorably discharged, September 10, 1919.

SCHWARTZ, WALTER MARSHALL,
Entered service June, 1917, as Major, Ordnance Department, U.S.N.A., Inspection Division. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel, October 4, 1918. Duty at Watertown, New York, Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia. Honorably discharged, January 7, 1919.

SCOTT, WILLIAM REESE (Rev.)
Chaplain, rank of Captain, 1916, 17th Infantry, U.S.A. Promoted Major, May 8, 1919, by selection for efficiency. Served at various camps in the United States. In regular army.

SHANNON, CHARLES EMERY GOULD, M.D.,

Entered September 20, 1917, as Lieutenant, Medical Reserve Corps, U.S.A.; promoted Captain, July 3, 1918. Served at various camps in the United States. Honorably discharged, April, 1919.

SHELLY, JAMES ACUFF,
1st Lieutenant, U.S. Army Medical Reserve Corps, December 12, 1917, to date, March 25, 1919. Served at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. No other data.

SHEPHERD, GEORGE ELWOOD,
Captain, Engineers, U.S. Army, July, 1917. Served at Camp American University, Washington, D.C., and Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, Ohio, 1917. With A.E.F. in France for 18 months. Service at Allerey, Saone-et-Loire, France, from January 30, 1918. Honorably discharged, July 26, 1919.

SMITH, ALEXIS DUPONT, M.D.,
1st Lieutenant, Medical Corps, U.S.A., May, 1917; promoted Captain, May, 1918. Served one and one-half years at Columbus Barracks, Ohio, as Chief of Medical Service. Still in service March 25, 1919. No date of discharge given.

SNYDER, GEORGE DUNCAN,
Captain, 102nd Engineers, U.S. National Guard, August 5, 1917; Major, February 19, 1919. Served in 2nd and 4th British armies in Belgium and France. With War Damage Board of American Commission to negotiate peace, Paris, Rome and Padua, January 16th to February 26th, 1919. Honorably discharged, April 3, 1919.

STAHLER, HORACE CRAWFORD,
1st Lieutenant, Ordnance Department, U.S.A., December, 1917. Duty at Washington , D.C. Honorably discharged, December 21, 1918.

STEINMETZ, JOSEPH ALLISON,
Entered in November, 1918, as Major, U.S. Ordnance Reserve Corps; in addition, Member, 1918, National Research Council, Engineering Division; Member, 1917-1918, Submarine Defense Assocation; President, Aero Club of Pennsylvania, 1915 to 1919.

STINE, HENRY MOORE,
Captain, 28th Division, 112th Infantry, U.S.N.G., July 15, 1917, to discharge. Served at Camps Wadsworth and Hancock. Honorably discharged, February 5, 1918.

STOCKHAM, EDWARD VILLEROY,
Major, U.S.N.A., 81st Division, October 22, 1917, to July 2, 1919. Served with both Q.M.C. and Artillery Corps; commanded 306th Ammunition Train with A.E.F., in France. Honorably discharged, July 2, 1919.

TURNER, DANIEL NORMAN,
Entered May 7, 1917, R.O.T.C., Fort Niagara, N.Y., and Camp Meade, Maryland; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, June 11, 1917, and attached to Company B, 304th Engineers, U.S.N.A. Served at various camps in the United States and with the A.E.F. Went into action September 26, 1918, at Verdun, also at St. Mihiel and the Argonne; engaged with the infantry in taking Montfaucon; was continuously under fire from September 1st until November 11th, 1918; slightly gassed several times. Honorably discharged, June 26, 1919.

URQUHART, RADCLIFFE MORRIS,
2nd Lieutenant, U.S.N.A., Field Artillery, May 14, 1917. Served at Camps Meade and Hancock. On Staff of 29th Division, May-September, 1917. A.E.F. in France with 103rd Ammunition Train, 28th Division, and later with 59th Field Artillery Brigade as Munitions Officer. Honorably discharged, January 23, 1919.

VAUX, RICHARD,
Captain, Cavalry, U.S.A.R.F., March, 1917; Captain, Air Service, December, 1917. With A.E.F., Air Service, Paris, France. Commanding Officer 5th Air Depot, Zone of Advance in France. Resigned, February 24, 1919.

VEDDER, EDWARD BRIGHT,
Lieutenant Colonel, Medical Corps, U.S.A., May, 1917; Temporary Colonel in War, October, 1918. In regular Service.

WARD, JOSEPH RIPLEY CHANDLER,
Temporary Clerk in the U.S. Quartermaster's Department, Schuylkill Arsenal, Philadelphia, November 28, 1917. No further data.

WEAVER, CHARLES HENRY,
1st Lieutenant, Ordnance Department, U.S.A., Inspector of Ordnance, New York City. Service record incomplete.

WIENER, EDWARD,
Major, Ordnance Department, U.S.A., from November 7, 1918, to discharge. Duty at Philadelphia District Ordnance Office. Honorably discharged, June 4, 1919.

WILLIAMS, FRANCIS CHURCHILL,
Entered service June 26, 1918, as Captain, General Staff, Military Intelligence Division, U.S.N.A.; later transferred to U.S.A. and promoted Major. (No date.) Duty in War Department, Washington, D.C. Transferred to inactive service O.R.C., July, 1919.

WOOD, CLEMENT BIDDLE,
Entered 1st Officers Training Camp, Fort Niagara, New York, May 8, 1917. Commissioned Captain and assigned to 311th Field Artillery, August 15, 1917; duty at Camp Meade, Maryland. In France with A.E.F., August, 1918, to April, 1919. Promoted Major, Field Artillery, October 26, 1918; duty at Montmorillion, La Courtine, Jovancourt, Andelot and Chantraines. On detached service with Interallied Armistice Commission at Wilhelmshoehe, Germany, April-July, 1919. Honorably discharged, August 12, 1919.

Navy and Marine Corps


BELL, WILLIAM HEMPHILL, M.D.,
Lieutenant Commander, M.C., at beginning of war. Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.N., July 1, 1919. U.S.S. Wyoming and Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads, Virginia. In regular service.

BIDDLE, CLEMENT,
Commander, Medical Corps, U.S.N., retired; Navy Recruiting, Wilmington, Delaware; Navy Yard, Philadelphia; General Court Martial Duty, New York City. All from April 7, 1917, to October 30, 1919. In regular service. Resumed status on retired list, October 30, 1919.

BROOKE, BENJAMIN HAYES,
Lieutenant Commander, Supply Corps, U.S.N. Served in U.S.S. South Carolina and at the U.S. Naval Headquarters, London, England. In regular service. No dates furnished.

FRAZER, REAH,
Commodore, Supply Corps, U.S.N., retired. Service as retired Naval Supply Officer at Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland. In regular service. Still on active duty March, 1919. No other dates furnished.

GILMER, WILLIAM WIRT,
Commanding U.S.S. South Carolina, July 23, 1917, to September 30, 1917, to September 30, 1918. Commandant 12th Naval District (Pacific Coast) until May 18, 1918. En route to duty as Governor of Guam (American possession in the Ladrone Group, Pacific Ocean) until November 12, 1918, and as Governor of Guam at this date, October, 1919. Captain in regular navy. In December, 1919, awarded the Navy Cross.

HALL, REYNOLDS THOMAS,
Rear Admiral, U.S.N., Inspector of Machinery, Cramp's Shipyard, Philadelphia. In regular service. No other information.

HARMAR, WILLIAM WURTS,
Lieutenant, Supply Corps, U.S.N.R.F. Entered August 11, 1917, as Yeoman; promoted to Ensign May 22, 1918; Ensign to Lieutenant, junior grade, April 22, 1919. Relieved from active duty, June 10, 1919.

HENRY, JAMES PALMER,
Seaman, U.S.N.; entered service July 24, 1918; Oversea Service, November, 1918. Released from service, January 13, 1919.

HICKMAN, CLARENCE BARRATT,
U.S.N.R.F., Storekeeper 1st Class, Navy Yard, Philadelphia; entered August 8, 1918, and served to January 31, 1919. Honorably discharged.

LIPPINCOTT, JOSEPH WHARTON,
Yeoman, 1st Class, U.S.N.R.F.; entered January 24, 1918, and served to November 9, 1918. Honorably discharged.

MARSTON, JOHN, 3rd.,
Major, U.S. Marine Corps; Civil Administrator, Port au Prince, Hayti, 1916-1918; commanding marines at U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, 1918-1919. In regular service.

MIRKIL, HAZLETON, jr.,
Seaman, 2nd Class, U.S.N.R.F., March 5, 1918; Ensign, October 28, 1918. Duty at Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida. Placed on inactive duty, December 7, 1918.

PETTY, ORLANDO H., M.D.,
Lieutenant, Medical Corps, U.S.N.R.F.; appointed April 2, 1917. Served with 5th Regiment Marines 17 months in France, 5 months of this as Battalion Surgeon on front line. Gassed near Belleau Wood. Distinguished Service Cross. Awarded by the President in December, 1919, THE CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL OF HONOR for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action" while serving with the 5th Marines, June 11th, 1918, Bois de Belleau, France. The citation is as follows: "While under heavy fire of high explosive and gas shells in the town of Lucy, Lorraine, where his dressing station was located, he attended to and evacuated the wounded under most trying conditions. Having been knocked to the ground by an exploding gas shell, which tore his mask, he discarded the mask and courageously continued his work. His dressing station being hit and demolished, he personally helped carry Captain Williams, wounded, through the shell fire to a place of safety." Placed on inactive duty, December 20, 1918.

ROSS, GEORGE GORGAS, M.D.,
Lieutenant and Lieutenant Commander, Medical Corps, U.S.N.R.F.; entered service June 20, 1917; extensive surgical experience, Paris, Chateau Thierry and at other bases. Inactive list, February 24, 1919.

SAUNDERS, WILLIAM LAWRENCE, 2nd.,
Entered service, August 29, 1917, as Ensign, Supply Corps, U.S.N.R.F.; Lieutenant, junior grade, July 1, 1918. Served at Sayville, Long Island, and on U.S. Steamer Transport Pocahontas. Placed on inactive list, February 22, 1919.

SHULL, CHARLES JACOB,
Entered July 9, 1917, U.S.N.R.F., (no grade given) Supply Corps, serving with the Navy Fleet Supply Base at the Philadelphia Navy Yard; also in the U.S.S. Henderson. Promoted Ensign, Supply Corps, U.S.N.R.F., March 16, 1918. Highly commended by the C.O. of the U.S.S. Henderson for "excellent behavior and the efficient manner in which you discharged your duties under extreme difficulties (fire aboard the Henderson, July 2, 1918) on the above mentioned occasion." (Signed) Josephus Daniels. Ordered to inactive duty, April 26, 1919.

STEVENSON, MARKLEY,
Ensign, Naval Reserve Force, Aviation; entered July 27, 1918. No other data.

STOCKHAUSEN, THOMAS GEORGE,
Entered as Ensign, Supply Corps, U.S.N.R.F., May 15, 1917; Lieutenant, junior grade, November 2, 1918; duty at U.S. Naval Air Station, Dunkirk, France, May, 1917, to December, 1918. Placed on inactive duty, December 31, 1918.

STOVELL, FREDERICK DAVANT,
Entered as Ensign, U.S.N.R.F., March 28, 1917; promoted Lieutenant, junior grade, March 4, 1919. Atlantic Mine Force Fleet, November 19, 1918, to January 17, 1919, and was overseas attached to the division that laid the North Sea Mine Barrage. Placed on inactive duty, January 17, 1919.

TASKER, STEPHEN PASCHALL MORRIS,
Entered service as Lieutenant, U.S.N.R.F., March 20, 1917; Lieutenant Commander, March 18, 1919. Duty at 4th Naval District, Philadelphia. Placed on inactive duty, October 1, 1919.

URQUHART, WILLIAM KLEMM BEECHER,
Entered U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, June, 1917. Commissioned Ensign, U.S.N., on completion of course, October, 1917; promoted Lieutenant, junior grade, September 21, 1918. Service on Battleship Ohio and on Destroyers Jarvis and Elliott. The Jarvis did scout and escort duty out of Brest, France. Resigned, October 24, 1919.

WARREN, RICHARD FAIRFIELD,
Entered as Ensign, U.S.N.R.F., February 26, 1917; promoted Lieutenant, junior grade, February 10, 1919. Commanded U.S.S. Valiant, S.P. 535, May 10th to November 13th, 1917, on patrol duty off New Jersey Coast. Duty with Naval Staff, London and Paris in 1918. Bearer of despatches to General Pershing, March 19, 1918; duty at Brest, France, May, 1918, to January, 1919. Placed on inactive duty, February 20, 1919.

WILLIAMSON, THOMAS ARMSTRONG,
Entered service, April 14, 1917, as Yeoman, 2nd Class, U.S.N.R.F. Duty at Cape May, New Jersey,
Lewes, Delaware, and in Philadelphia. Placed on inactive list, February 24, 1919.

Miscellaneous


ADAMS, BENJAMIN,
Chairman, Entertainment Committee; Rotary Army and Navy Club of Philadelphia; Service Welfare Work.

ALTHOUSE, JOHN WELLINGTON,
District Business Secretary, Army Camps and Naval Bases; United War Work Council, Y.M.C.A., all April, 1918, to date, March, 1919. Stations: Tidewater District, Newport News, Virginia.

ATHERTON, DOLPH BENNETT,
Captain, Zone No. 1, New York City, 1917-1918; American Protective League, U.S. Department Justice.


ATLEE, BENJAMIN CHAMPNEYS,
Officer, Home Guard and Military Training Corps; Chairman, Four-Minute-Men; Chairman, Speaker's Bureau; Member Advisory Committee, Defense Society-All in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

BALLARD, WARREN EDGAR,
Clerk, Federal Food Administration, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.

BARNES, JOHN HAMPTON,
Member, Pennsylvania Council, National Defense.

BEITLER, LEWIS EUGENE,
Pennsylvania Council of National Defense and Committee of Public Safety. Member, "Four-Minute-Men", Pennsylvania Division.

BODINE, SAMUEL TAYLOR,
Vice-Chairman, District Board for the City of Philadelphia, Eastern Judicial District of Pennsylvania, and Member of Finance Committee of Pennsylvania, Council of National Defense.

BRICE, PHILLIP HOWARD,
Head of Legal Department, 4th Naval District, and Office of Aid for Information, October, 1917, to May, 1918.

BRODHEAD, ROBERT PACKER,
Chief Deputy, Federal Food Administration, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.

CADWALADER, JOHN,
Chairman, District Appeal Board Number 1, of Philadelphia, and later Philadelphia Appeal Board, from August 1, 1917, to date, April 4, 1919.

CADWALADER, RICHARD McCALL, jr.,
Treasurer of National War Savings Committee for Pennsylvania.

CARPENTER, EDMUND NELSON,
Chairman, American Red Cross, Wyoming Valley Chapter, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

CLEMENT, JOHN BROWNING,
Committee on all Liberty Loans, Camden, N.J. American Bankers Association Committee for New Jersey. Received commendation from Secretary of the Treasury for this work.

COOKE, WILLIAM CARY,
Sergeant, Luzerne County Division, Pennsylvania, Home Defense Police.

CORSON, ALAN,
Captain and Transportation Officer, Regimental Staff, Home Defense Reserve, Philadelphia.

CROSKEY, JOHN WELSH, M.D.,
Member, Volunteer Medical Service Corps, August, 1918. Acting Assistant Surgeon, Public Health Service, October, 1918.

CROWELL, SAMUEL BABCOCK,
Member of Staff of War Service, Fuel Administration, Philadelphia, from April, 1918, to February, 1919.

DARLINGTON, RT. REV. JAMES HENRY,
Member, Pennsylvania State War Service Commission, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel on the Staff of Governor Brumbaugh of Pennsylvania, 1919.

DAVIDSON, JAMES PHILEMON,
Assistant Paymaster, Quartermaster's Department, Civilian Service, U.S. Explosive Plant, Nitro, West Virginia, July, 1918, to October, 1918.

DETWILLER, FREDERICK KNECHT,
Contributed art talent to help win the war by posters, range finders, camouflaging, and analogous devices.

DUANE, RUSSELL,
Chairman of Legal Advisory Board to Draft Board, 30th District, Philadelphia.

ECKARD, BAYARD GELSTON,
Pennsylvania Reserve Militia. Company H, 1st Regiment, January-April, 1918.

EHRENFELD, CHARLES HATCH,
Industrial Advisor for Middle District of Pennsylvania Division, Number 2; Federal Representative and Chairman of Community Labor Board, Number 34.

EVANS, POWELL,
War Industries Board, Region Number 4; Member, Committee Public Safety, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; Chief, Bureau of Labor-Cooperation.

FELTON, EDGAR CONWAY,
Federal Service, Director for Pennsylvania, of U.S. Employment Service; Examiner for Philadelphia District; Shipbuilding Labor Adjustment Board; State Director of Department of Civilian Service and Labor, Pennsylvania Council of National Defense.

FLETCHER, GUSTAVUS BERGNER,
Assistant Inspector of Engineering Material, U.S.N., civilian service, September, 1918, to May, 1919.

GELDER, CHARLES CYRUS,
Federal Food Administrator for Somerset County, Maryland; Chairman, Somerset Chapter, American Red Cross.

GERHARD, ALBERT PEPPER,
Associate Director, Bureau of Chapter Production. Pennsylvania-Delaware Division, American Red Cross, July, 1918, to January, 1919; Chairman, Legal Advisory Board, Local Draft Board, Number 33, Philadelphia, December, 1917, to November, 1918; Member, "Four-Minute-Men", Philadelphia.

GILLINGHAM, HARROLD EDGAR,
Federal Intelligence Service; American Red Cross, (secretarial work) War Relief Work.

HAGENBACH, ALLEN WESLEY,
Chairman, District Board, Division Number 3, Eastern Judicial District of Pennsylvania, from August, 1917, to date August, 1919.

HALEY, EDWIN JAMES,
Affiliated with Army Q.M.C. as civilian; Member of War Industries Chemical Division, May, 1918, to January, 1919.

HAMILL, SAMUEL McCLINTOCK, M.D.,
Director of Child Hygiene, Pennsylvania War Work; Member, Council National Defense, Washington, D.C., Delegate, International Red Cross, Cannes, France, March, 1919.

HARRISON, CHARLES CUSTIS, jr.,
American Red Cross in France with rank of Captain.

HARRISON, GEORGE LIEB, jr.,
Military Intelligence Division, War Department, as Civilian Volunteer, January, 1918, to February, 1919.

HATFIELD, HENRY REED,
Major and Judge Advocate, in former Pennsylvania State Militia. Recruiting Service for U.S. Army. Established recruiting station on own property in Northwest Philadelphia under regular army officer. Station open from April 15, 1917, to September 15, 1918.

HEITSHU, WILLIAM AUGUSTUS,
Work with Y.M.C.A. War Hut; Red Cross Drives; and Liberty Loan Campaigns.

HOLLAND, RUPERT SARGENT,
Officer in U.S. Shipping Board, Emergency Fleet Corporation; and in charge of Selective Service Law and Army Transfers.

HORNOR, WILLIAM MACPHERSON,
Member of Committee on Ways and Means, American Red Cross, Main Line Branch, Pennsylvania, Number 1.

JACKSON, WILLIAM CARLETON,
2nd Lieutenant, Motor Transport Service, October, 1918; never called into service.

JANNEY, JOSEPH ALLISON, jr.,
U.S. Treasury Department, Chairman, War Savings for Eastern Pennsylvania, Industrial Division, January, 1918, to January, 1919.

JESSUP, JOSEPH,
Drill Sergeant and Lieutenant in Home Guard, Ridgewood, New Jersey, 1917; 1st Lieutenant, New Jersey State Militia Reserve, 1918.

KINSEY, JOHN INGHAM,
Chief Deputy, Food Administration, Northampton County, Pennsylvania.

LAIRD, HERBERT RUSSELL,
Member, Pennsylvania State Council for National Defense; and Publicity Director for Red Cross and Liberty Loan Campaigns.

LATTA, THOMAS LOVE,
Construction Engineer, Shipyards for U.S. Navy and Emergency Fleet, 1917 to 1919, at New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey.

LEIDY, THOMAS KEMMERER,
Member of Legal Advisory Board, Number 2, Reading, Pennsylvania; Legal Committee for Berks County, and Pennsylvania Council of National Defense.

LEWIS, ELLIS SMYSER,
Chairman, Liberty Loans, York, Pennsylvania.

LINNARD, GEORGE BROWN,
U.S. Selective Service, Secretary Local Board, Number 15, City of Philadelphia, under commission issued by the President.

LINDEMUTH, ELMER ELLSWORTH,
Chairman, Liberty Loan Organization, McKean County, Pennsylvania; Chairman, Bradford County Division, National Defense Finance Committee.

LITTLEFIELD, HENRY WARREN,
U.S. Public Service Reserve, Department of Labor.

MARCY, ALEXANDER, jr., M.D.,
Member, Medical Advisory Board, State Service, New Jersey.

MARKLAND, MATTHEW BECKWITH,
Secretary, War Camp Community Service, April, 1918, to December, 1918, and Assistant Draft Board, Number 1; both in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

MAYHEW, WALLACE NELSON,
Chairman, Committee, U.S. Army Engineers, Port of Philadelphia; Volunteer Aid to Colonel Engineers, Philadelphia; 1st Lieutenant and Captain, Philadelphia Home Defense Reserve.

MEDARY, MILTON BENNETT, jr.,
Chairman of Committee of Designs, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and Neville Island, Pennsylvania, for the Bureau of Industrial Training, U.S. Department of Labor.

MERCUR, RODNEY AUGUSTUS,
Government Appeal Agent, from August, 1917; Member, Legal Advisory Board, Number 2; Chairman, Legal Advisory Committee, Pennsylvania Council of National Defense and Committee of Public Safety, all in Bradford County, Pennsylvania.

MILNE, DAVID,
Treasurer of American Red Cross, General Hospital Number 1, Philadelphia.

MORGAN, FISHER CORLIES,
Assistant Manager, American Red Cross, Pennsylvania-Delaware Division, 1918 to 1919.

MORRIS, EFFINGHAM BUCKLEY,
Member of Pennsylvania Council of National Defense and Committee of Public Safety, April, 1917, to December, 1918.

NEFF, JOSEPH SEAL, M.D.,
Chairman, Committee, Instruction Department, Pennsylvania Chapter, American Red Cross; State Council, National Defense; American Protective League; Volunteer Medical Service Corps.

NICHOLS, CARROLL BREWSTER,
U.S. Fuel Administration, Washington, D.C.; Manager of Coal Zone Permit Bureau, November, 1917, to February, 1919.

PERKINS, EDWIN STANLEY,
Trooper in Home Defense Reserve; Committee, Liberty Loans-all in Philadelphia.

PETERS, RICHARD, jr.,
Assistant Chief, Iron and Steel Scrap Section, War Industries Board, 1918 to 1919.

PHELPS, ZIBA BENNETT,
Director, Military Relief, Southern Division, American Red Cross, October, 1917-April, 1919, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel, headquarters, Atlanta, Georgia.

PORCHER, SAMUEL,
Federal Director of Purchases, service with U.S. Railroad Administration, at Washington,D.C.

POTTER,WILLIAM,
Federal Fuel Administrator for Pennsylvania.

RICHARDS, HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG,
Director, Naval Service, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania and Branch of Pennsylvania Council of National Defense; Member, "Four-Minute-Men", Lebanon, Pennsylvania.

ROBERTS, THOMAS WILLIAMS,
Service with Pennsylvania-Delaware Division, American Red Cross; two months volunteer service in office, Military Intelligence, Philadelphia.

SCHERMERHORN, CLARENCE EATON,
Military Intelligence, War Department, General Staff Corps, Plant Protection, 1919.

SCHINDEL, JEREMIAH JACOB, (Rev.)
Chaplain; pastorial duties, Camp Crane, Pennsylvania, December, 1917, to June, 1918.

SCHNURE, WILLIAM MARION,
Committee of Public Safety, Snyder County, Pennsylvania; Home Defense Police, Snyder County, Pennsylvania.

SELLERS, EDWIN JAQUETT,
Chairman, Legal Advisory Board Number 2, Philadelphia.

SHARPLESS, JOHN ROBINS,
Member, "Four-Minute-Men" throughout Pennsylvania; Legal Adviser, Local Exemption Board, Hazleton, Pennsylvania.

SHEPPARD, HOWARD REYNOLDS,
Member, Home Defense Reserve, Philadelphia; Chairman of Liberty Loan Committees.

SHICK, ROBERT PORTER,
Chairman, Legal Advisory Board of Draft, Philadelphia; and Member, "Four-Minute-Men".

SHINDEL, WILL LINCOLN, M.D.,
Member,Volunteer Medical Reserve Corps; Chairman, Medical Advisory Board, Northumberland County and vicinity, Pennsylvania.

SHRIVER, GEORGE HOWARD,
Inspector, Ordnance Department, American Car and Foundry Company, Berwick, Pennsylvania.

SHULL, DAVID FRANKLIN,
Philadelphia Home Defense Reserve, 1917; U.S. Shipping Board Recruiting Service, May, 1918.

SILL, HAROLD MONTGOMERY.
American Protective League with rank of Lieutenant, Philadelphia.

SILVESTER, CLARENCE CLARK, (Rev.)
Sergeant, Home Guard, Somerset Rifle Club, Somerville, New Jersey, April, 1917, to March, 1918.

SILVESTER, LEAROYD,
Member of Bala-Cynwyd, Philadelphia, Home Defense Reserve.

SKILTON, JOHN DAVIS, (Rev.)
American Red Cross Service in various camps in Potomac Division; Field Director, Transport Service.

SKINNER, ROBERT WILKINSON, jr.,
Chairman, Legal Advisory Board Number 9, Philadelphia.

SMITH, THOMAS KILBY,
Chairman, Legal Advisory Board, District Number 34, Philadelphia, December, 1917, to November, 1918.

SMITH, WALTER GEORGE,
American Commissioner for Relief in Near East, 1919.

SMYTH, GEORGE ALBERT,
Y.M.C.A., Camp Merritt, New Jersey.

SNYDER, JOHN MILTON,
Chairman, Fuel Commission Committee, Clearfield County, Pennsylvania.

STAGER, OSCAR TYSON,
Procurement Section, Raw Material Division, with General Staff U.S. Army, September, 1918, to November, 1918, with station in Pennsylvania.

STOCKTON, EDWARD ALEXANDER,
In October, 1917, appointed Accounting Officer for Pennsylvania and Delaware to supervise the accomplishment of Government Bills of Lading covering supplies, impedimenta and troops.

SWINGLE, WILLIAM S.,
Technical Expert on Government War Work.

THORINGTON, JAMES, M.D.,
Volunteer, Medical Service Corps and Medical Advisory Board, Philadelphia.

WASHBURN, LOUIS COPE, (Rev.)
Representative of the Diocese of Pennsylvania and Y.M.C.A., Camp Chaplain, at Camp Meade, Maryland; Author, Camp Devotional Works.

WEBBER, ROY IRVIN,
Pennsylvania State College, connection, vocational training.

WICKERSHAM, LOUIS C.T.T. O'NEILL,
U.S. Air Service, Technical Section, civilian capacity, November 27, 1917, to December 3, 1918.

WILLIAMS, JOHN,
Assistant to Executive Officer, Ordnance Department, May, 1918, to November, 1918.

WILSON, ALAN DICKSON,
Assistant Manager, American Red Cross, Pennsylvania and Delaware, October, 1917, to March, 1919.

WOODS, EDWARD AUGUSTUS,
Chairman, Relief Committee, American Red Cross, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

WORRELL, THOMAS WORCESTER,
Private, Philadelphia Home Guard for various duties.

WURTS, EDWARD VANUXEM,
Y.M.C.A., Soldiers and Sailors Welfare Committee; Municipal Home Guard, East Orange, New Jersey.



A brief description of certain United States and foreign Military Insignia*, so far bestowed, within the knowledge of the Committee, upon members of the Society.


ARMY

MEDAL OF HONOR: This, the highest decoration awarded by our Government, can be given to any officer or enlisted man who shall "in action involving actual conflict with an enemy distinguish himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity, at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty." It was authorized by Act of Congress in 1861 and is presented "in the name of Congress;" hence the frequent allusion to it as the Congressional Medal of Honor.
It is of metal, bearing the head of Minerva, the Goddess of War, underneath the word Valor,and below rests an eagle, to which is attached a blue ribbon with thirteen stars.
The Medal of Honor, like the Victoria Cross (British), is jealously guarded and rarely bestowed. It is the highest honor that can be given for valor.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS: This decoration was instituted by Executive Order in January, 1918, and confirmed by Congress in the following July. It is awarded for individual acts of extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy not warranting the award of a Medal of Honor. More than 5000 have already been awarded.
It consists of an eagle upon a cross, both of metal, suspended from a blue ribbon with a red and white margin.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL: Established by Executive Order in January, 1918, and confirmed by Congress in the following July. It is awarded for specially meritorious services in a position of great responsibility. About 600 so far have been awarded.
It consists of a round metal disk engraved "For Distinguished Service," suspended from a red, blue and white ribbon.


NAVY

THE NEW MEDAL OF HONOR: This is awarded for an act of gallantry or valor akin to that of the Army decoration of similar name. It is a cross of solid gold, each arm of the cross having an anchor, and in the center is engraved "United States Navy"--all suspended from a blue ribbon with thirteen stars, above which is a bar inscribed "Valour."

THE NEW NAVY CROSS: This is a personal decoration established by Congress in February, 1919, and can be awarded to anyone in the Naval service who distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism or other distinguished service not justifying the awardof the Medal of Honor or the Distinguished Service Medal, or necessarily involving conflict with the enemy. Prior to the World War about 750 of these medals had been awarded.
It is made up of a metal cross, in the center of which are two anchors and "U.S.N.," suspended by a blue ribbon having a central white vertical band.

THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL: This is a decoration that can be given to anyone serving with the Navy "who shall distinguish himself by specially meritorious services in a duty of great responsibility." It was established by Congress in February, 1919.
It is composed of a round metal disk, upon which is engraved an anchor under the words "Distinguished Service," above is 1917-1918, and an eagle suspended by a blue and yellow ribbon.

The American military or naval decorations are not hereditary.

*For further information and illustrations, see the Nat. Geo. Magazine, December, 1919.


BRITISH

COMPANION ORDER OF ST MICHAEL AND ST GEORGE (C.M.G.): Founded in commemoration of the date when the Ionian islands were placed under the protection of Great Britain by George IV in 1818. It is bestowed for naval, military and civilian service to the Crown.

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (D.S.O.): Established by Queen Victoria in 1886 to be awarded for special service to commissioned officers of the Army and Navy, "rendering good service to the Crown in relation to the Foreign Affairs of the British Empire."

FRENCH

LEGION OF HONOR (Legion d'Honneur) was instituted by Napoleon in 1802. It is not exclusively a military order, being awarded quite as often for artistic or literary accomplishments, or even industrial achievements. Its award is not restricted to French subjects.

CROSS OF WAR (Croix de Guerre) is a new order created at the beginning of the war for bestowal in the Army and Navy.

BELGIUM

MILITARY CROSS OF THE ORDER OF LEOPOLD: This order, bestowed for distinguished civil service to the Crown and military valor in the field, was founded in 1832 by Leopold I. It is a white enamelled Maltese cross of four double rays, the points terminating in silver balls. The military decoration is distinguished by crossed swords.

CROSS OF WAR (Croix de Guerre): This is a decoration instituted at the beginning of the World War and is somewhat like the French medal of the same name. It is a military order exclusively, being awarded chiefly for gallantry in the field.
The insignia is a bronze medal hanging from a red ribbon with green stripes.

ITALIAN

ORDER OF THE CROWN OF ITALY: This order was instituted in 1868 by Victor Emanuel II. It was designed "in honor of military men and given as a reward for signal merit and direct interest in the nation." It is for Italians and foreigners.

ORDER OF SAN MAURIZIO e LAZARO (Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus); An ancient and illustrious order, bestowed for "the reward of civil and military services, liberal actions and personal devotion to the Sovereign."

CITATION is the enumeration or recital of an heroic act, and is usually set forth in writing.

PALM: Any token or symbol of superiority, success, triumph or victory, attachable to a medal.

FINIS


Recapitulation

ARMY

Number or names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

NAVY AND MARINE CORPS

Number of names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

MISCELLANEOUS

Number of names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211



Back to Pennsylvania Trails History and Genealogy