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 The grave of General Braddock exposed.

The Sprig of Liberty, Gettysburg, PA
Union, April 15 1805

On the 18th of July, 1755, the army of General Braddock was defeated and himself killed by the French and Indians within 10 miles of Pittsburg. The ground on which the battle was fought is known by the name of Braddock's Field. The general received a musket shot through the right arm and lungs, of which he died in a few hours, having been carried off the field by the bravery of lieutenant colonel Gage, and another of his officers. His body was buried at the encampment of the rear division of his army, 9 miles eastward of this place.

It seems that the Great Road leading from Fort Cumberland to Union Town, was accidentally laid out as to pass over his grave. The road having been much cut up with wagons and the earth swept away by rain, the bones of the general have been lately discovered in the bottom of the road, and taken up; several of them are now in this town. They appear sound and are very large - from the best information it appears unquestionable, that the place from whence the bones were taken, is the spot in which the body of the general was interred.

Women Who Fought During the Revolutionary War

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
March 27 1822

From the New York National Adv.

Molly Macauly, who received a pension from the state of Pennsylvania for service rendered during the revolutionary war, was well known to the general officers as a brave and patriotic woman. She was called Sergeant Macauly, and was wounded at some battle, supposed to be Brandywine, where her sex was discovered. It was a common practice for her to swing her saber over her head, and huzza for "Mad Anthony", as she termed General Wayne. It was not an unusual circumstance to find women in the ranks disguised as men, such was their ardour for Independence. Elizabeth Canning was at a gun at Fort Washington, when her husband was killed, and she took his place immediately; loaded, primed and fired the cannon with which he was entrusted. She was wounded in the breast by a grape shot. It would be interesting to collect anecdotes of the services rendered by women during the revolutionary war.

Charles Thomson - Man of Truth

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
July 22 1822 Page 3

Albany, N.Y. July 2

A gentleman of this city lately visited the venerable Charles Thomson, secretary of the continental congress in the revolutionary war, at his seat, 12 miles from Philadelphia, on the old Lancaster road. Mr. Thomson has reached the advanced age of ninety-three, enjoys tolerable bodily health, and walks with apparent ease and pleasure to himself. His sight is so good as to enable him to read without spectacles, but he hears with difficulty. His mind is evidently in decay; it is the ruins of superior intellect. Far from being puerile, it still bears the impress of greatness, and a familiarity with the best ancient and modern authors. He dwells with peculiar interest on the scenes of the revolutionary war, and relates, with great precision, many anecdotes of its prominent characters.

On being asked what caused such implicit faith to be put in the documents signed by him, he answered "It was well known that he had resolved, in despite of consequences, never to put his official signature to any account, for the accuracy of which he could not vouch as a man of honor," and so well was this understood, that when Mr. T. was adopted by the Six Nations of Indians, they emphatically named him "the man of truth."

Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
October 9, 1822 Page 4

Militia System

For many years, past, the legislature of Pennsylvania have been pursuing a kind of experimental policy with regard to the milita, and every session gave us a new law and new regulations on the subject. The militia law of 1820-1821, by holding out the inducement of a small bounty to volunteer corps seems to have answered a better purpose than any of its predecessors, and since that period we find a great increase to that efficient species of troops, and consequent accession of strength to the military force of the Commonwealth. The whole number of companies returned to the Secretary of States office, and now in actual commission, is 316, and we have a number of corps forming in different parts of the state, who not having a full complement of men are not included in this number. -- Harris. Common.

Captain Fowle's Detachment Heads West

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
June 11 1823 Page 2

Carlisle, June 5

A detachment of about 185 men, lately recruited for the United States service, under the command of captain Fowle, arrived at the Carlisle Barracks on Monday last. These recruits, it is said, are intended for the 6th regiment, and are on their way to the Council Bluffs. The detachment, we have been informed, lost about thirty men, by desertion, between Philadelphia and this place. It proceeded on its march, westward, yesterday. - Ib.


Source: The New York Times; Published September 25, 1861.

Transcriber: Helen Coughlin

The following list, which has been arranged with great care, gives the names of our prisoners now at Richmond, and the nature of the wounds of __________ under surgical treatment. While it is probable that the list is not perfectly accurate, it doubtles [sic] contains fewer errors and omissions than any yet published. To the kind thoughtfulness of the surgeons who have recently returned from captivity, the friends of those who were left behind are indebted for the valuable information here given, and we here append their names: Alfred Power, Surgeon, and W. H. Wilson, Assistant Surgeon, New-York Second Regiment; Washington A. Connelly, Volunteer Surgeon; Andrew McLetcher, Surgeon, New-York Seventy-ninth; James Harris, Surgeon, Second Rhode Island; R. A. Goodenough, Assistant Surgeon, Brooklyn Fourteenth; and C. W. Le Boutillier, Minnesota First:


Not Classified-John Burritt. No wounded.


Wagonmaster, N. F. Palmer.

Hospital Steward, Ira Tripp. No wounded.


Co. I-Wilson P. Palmer. No wounded.

All Old Soldiers Who Have Reached Sixty Are to Be Pensioned.

Contributed by Donald Buncie

Commissioner of Pensions Ware, with the approval of Secretary Hitchcock, on Thursday promulgated the most important pension ruling that has been issued in a long time.
It directs that, beginning April 13th next, if there is no contrary evidence and all other legal requirements have been met, claimants for pension under the general act of June 27, 1890, who are over sixty-two years old shall be considered as disabled one-half in ability to perform manual labor and shall be entitled to $6 a month; over sixty-five years, to $8; over sixty-eight years, to $10, and over seventy, to $12, the usual allowances at higher rates continuing for disabilities other than age.
Commissioner Ware said the bill would save old soldiers and the government a great deal of money and time.
"Every old soldier" he said,"who has reached the age of 62 years, is able to prove almost without a doubt that he is one-half disabled from earning his support by manual labor. This being so, it seems unwise to put a soldier to the expense of time and transportation to go to a place where a medical board can examine him to find that fact out.
"Of the 200,000 examinations in the last year, if one-fourth of them were saved it would make $300,000 for the government."
Mr. Ware does not think the increased payment will be very noticeable, considering the death rate.

Reunion of the 18th Pa. Cav.
The National Tribune, Washington DC, Thursday, October 27, 1910
At a Reunion of the 18th Pa. Ca., held at Gettysburg, Pa., on Sept. 27, 1910, 53 of the survivors answered to the roll call. Capt. James W. Smith of Meadville, Pa., was elected President; J. Andrew Wilt, of Towanda, Pa., Secretary. The survivors attended the dedication of the Pennsylvania Memorial in the afternoon in a body. In the evening a campfire was held at the Court House.

Twenty-seven Sons of Penn Who Fell in War Awarded Degrees

Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]), June 19, 1919, Night Extra Financial

Twenty-seven of Penn's sons who died for their country received today the highest honor that their alma mater could bestow - their degrees as members of the class of 1919. Provost Smith bestowed the degrees at the annual commencement in the Metropolitan Opera House.
The provost spoke of Penn's undergraduate dead as men "who made the supreme sacrifice, and now res in "the loyal land, the honest land, the land of love, where one sleeps the last sleep with the lullaby wind in the shade of the cross."
"When ye mourn them," the provost concluded, "be it soldier-wise - taps."
The recipients of the degrees were:
Benjamin Coulter Disharoon, 1249 South Fifty-third street; Thomas Roberts Reath, St. Davids, Pa.; Karl Brooke Crawford, Marion, N.C.; Edward Marcus Smith, Valdosta, Ga.; George Neiman Kemp, East Stroudsburg, Pa.; Howard Clifton McCall, 4201 Walnut street; James Thomas McLean, Essington, Pa.; Paul Jay Sykes, Hummelstown, Pa.; Henry Howard Houston, 2d, Druin Moir, Chestnut Hill, Pa.; Harold St. George Taylor, Brisbane, Australia; Frank Redmond Walker, Chester, Pa.; William Hoyle, 111 Seventh avenue, Haddon Heights, N. J.; George Washington Sassaman, Reading, Pa.; Carl Christian Glanz, Melrose Park, Pa.; Jacob Zaun, ed, Mount Airy; Cark Brookway Nichol, 357 Pelham road; Nelson Whiteman Perine, 521 South Forty-eighth street; James Massey, Jr., 2039 Ontario street; Ernest Groves Wold, 1779 Emerson avenue, South Winona, Minn.; Richard Stockton Bullitt, Torresdale, Pa.; Herbert Alyea Collins, Rutledge, N. J.; Merle Chesterfield Reed, Philipsburg, Pa.; Harry S. Ross, 5420 Angora terrace; Clay G. Stephens, 1709 Broad street, Nashville, Tenn.; Frederick G. Wilmsen, Elkins Park; William Louis Deethen, 6319 Sherwood road, and Taylor Everly Walthour, 1824 De Lancey street.

EACH VETERAN IS ALLOWED TO BRING A FRIEND ALONG - Government Will Pay Expenses of Both To Gettysburg Reunion (1938)

(From the Freeport Journal Standard, (Freeport, Stephenson County IL) 27 May 1938
Donated by Christine Walters

If you know a Civil War veteran sunning himself on the front porch, persuade him to take you on a 10-day or two week vacation to Gettysburg - and the government will pay all expenses. The offer is open to not only Union Veterns but to

Confederate Veterans as well.

The offer may sound fantastic, but a fact is a fact and here is the situation. July 1 - 3, 1938 is the 75th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, the so-called "high-water" mark of the mark of the confederacy. On that memorable occassion, General outfought General Lee. (We are accepting our school history on this. We have no dispute with southerners who thing otherwise. And anyway, Meade did so poorly on the pursuit after the battle that even Lincoln had to chide him a bit).

As part of the celebration, the government is inviting veterans of both sides to come to Gettysburg from June 29 to July 6. Each is to bring an attendent and the government is to provide railroad transportation for both as well as $6 a day each for expenses.

A glance at statistics would indicate that it could be the last of the very few times Confederate and Union soldiers ever have mingled freely together. The Army, which is in charge of the party estimates the average age of the veterans as 94 years. One of the provisions in the invitation is that if a veteran is taken ill on the road a doctor will be paid by the government for caring for him.

There are approximately 10,000 surviving veterans, north and south, and the army expects 5,000 will attend. Any Civil War veteran is illegible whether he served only a few hours in either army or years. To date less than 2,000 have accepted invitations. Some of the veterans have indicated they haven't cooled off much in the past 75 years. One Union veteran said he would come only if no Confederate Flag would be flown. One cocky lad of 117 winters said he was chipper and eager and would bring his youngest son who is 54 as attendant. His eldest son, 94, is too feeble.

Gettysburg is sacred ground, made so as much by Lincoln's historic speech, as by the battle that marked the first real setback to the southern forces. At that time the Confederates had swept far north of Washington and were invading Pennsylvania. From a military standpoint Gettysburg was a beautiful place for a battle, with the opposing forces arranged on high ground facing each other across a valley that at one place was only a few yards across. The old soldiers that knew Gettysburg will find the place not greatly changed. Some trees have grown and perhaps some bushes. A cathedral "quiet" about the place impresses even casual tourists.

So elderly are the surviving veterans that it seems like some who come will not live to get back. The army has made preparations to send home those who die these many years after the battle.


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