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The Pennsylvania Canal

Pennsylvania Canal refers generally to a complex system of canals, dams, locks, tow paths, aqueducts, and other infrastructure including, in some cases, railroads in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Assembly of 1824 applied the term to the canals and railroads of the Main Line of Public Works to be built across the southern part of the state, and the term was also applied to canals later added to the state system.[1] Privately built canals, not technically part of the Pennsylvania Canal, linked to the public system and added to its value. Though most of the canals no longer have any function, some segments retain value as historic and recreational sites. - Wikipedia

Second Report of the Pennsylvania Canal Commissioners

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) Feb 15, 1826

Harrisburg, Feb. 9.

The second report of the canal commissioners was communicated to both Houses of Assembly on Tuesday last. Its prominent statement are:

1. That the attention of the commissioners was exclusively directed to routes between the Susquehanna and Allegheny. Of course the Pennsylvania Canal bill cannot interfere with the calculations of the commissioners.

2. The distance by the West Branch or Northern route from the mouth of the Juniata to Pittsburg is 353 miles. There are no serious impediments to the construction of a canal upon this route. Estimated cost of a canal $4,324,000. Lockage 2080 feet. Time of passing a lock 10 minutes. At 30 miles a day, 16 days necessary for a boat to pass the whole distance of the canal.

3. The distance from the mouth of Juniata to Pittsburg, by the Juniata route, 267 miles. A canal impracticable. But by a canal, and 28 miles of railroad and inclined planes, a communication may be made. Lockage 1291 feet. Estimatated cost $3,045,000. Without delaying the commencement and prosecution of the work, the final decision may be referred to a Board of Enginners. Two intermediate routes were also surveyed but were not found to possess any advantages which could bring them into competition with the above. - Har. Chron.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) May 3, 1826

Pittsburg, April 12.

Mr. Roberts, the Engineer employed by the Canal Commissioners to make the survey preparatory to the location of the western section of the Pennsylvania canal (from Pittsburg to the mouth of the Kiskeminetas) commenced operations of Wednesday last, at the lower end of Liberty street. - Gazette.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania) July 5, 1826

Harrisburg, June 23.

Pennsylvania Canal.

The board of canal commissioners broke up their session on the 20th instant. They determined the location of the whole eastern and in part that of the western division of the Pennsylvania canal; and received an almost countless number of proposals for the execution of the work from the mouth of the Swatara to the Juniata, which are left for the acting commissioners, Messrs. Mowry and Lacock to adopt or reject. Among the rest of the contractors is a company from the state of New York, who propose to take the entire bridges, culverts and whatever else appertains or shall be necessary to it.

From the subjoined resolutions of the board, which we have been permitted to copy and can therefore be relied on as authentic, the exact dimensions of the canal and locks, as also its points of commencement and termination, so far as the location is settled may be ascertained. We prefer giving the public this information by publishing the resolutions themselves, instead of conveying it in our own language believing it will give better satisfaction. The enlargement of the canal from Harrisburg to Foster's Falls, was directed by the board with a view to the accommodation of Harrisburg or the erection of water power near it. And we are constrained by the liberality as well as policy of their determination on this point to give them every credit for it; for while they thus afford us important advantages, they likewise as we have hitherto stated, will promote the object of the main work. Our citizens now are and such as are not ought to be, well satisfied. More than has been grated could not be asked from the commissioners in reason or sober expectation. The excavation of the canal will be commenced and prosecuted with as much energy and dispatch as practicable, as soon as the contracts shall have been entered into.

Eastern Section

"At a meeting of the Canal Commissioners of Pennsylvania held at the borough of Harrisburg, on the nineteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, it was resolved that the board, with the approbation of William Strickland, their engineer (if his Excellency the Governor shall consent,) do hereby determine the location of the Pennsylvania canal from the river Swatara to or near to a point opposite the mouth of the Juniata, and the dimensions thereof as follows, that is to say: Beginning at a point on the Swatara, designated on a plan or draft of the said William Strickland and thence, according to said plan or draft to a point on the East side of the Susquehanna, at Foster's Falls where a stake has been placed by the Engineer. And the board do hereby determine the general dimensions of the Canal to be as follows that is to say: From the last mentioned point on the Susquehanna to Harrisburg, forty-three feet wide at the bottom, with four feet six inches depth of water and with a fall of one inch and a half to the mile. Thence to the Swatara, forty feet wide at the water line, twenty-eight feet wide at bottom and 4 feet in depth, subject to such occasional alterations in the location and other particulars as the Engineer and acting commissioners may find necessary. That the dimensions of the locks be as follows, to wit: Seventeen feet in width and eight-five feet in length, within the chamber."

A mathematical gentleman of our acquaintance was good enough to make a calculation of the quantity of water which would be furnished by the additional depth and width of the canal by which we find that allowing the current which will be created by the fall of an inch in the mile to be a mile an hour, it will give 71,280 cubic feet or 533,174.4 gallons. But by computing what he considered the mean rate of the additional fall produced by the additional water carried through the canal, it will be 77,849 cubic feet or 578, 578 gallons per hour, a quantity believed to be sufficient for any purpose to which it can be applied here.

Western Section

"At a meeting of the canal commissioners of Pennsylvania held in the borough of Harrisburg on the 19th of June 1826, it was resolved that the board with the approbation of Nathan S. Roberts, the engineer, (if his Excellency the Governor shall consent,) do hereby determine in part the location of the Western division of the Pennsylvania Canal and the dimensions thereof as follows, that is to say: Beginning at a point at or near the mouth of Pine creek, on the west side of the Allegheny river, designated on a plan of the said Nathan S. Roberts and thence, according to such plan or draft, to a point at or near the mouth of the Kiskeminetas, also designated on said plan or draft. And the board do hereby determine the general dimensions of the canal to be as follows, to wit: Forty-feet wide on the water line, twenty-eight feet wide at the bottom and four feet in depth, subject to such occasional alterations in the location and other particulars, as the engineer and acting commissioners may find necessary. That the dimensions of the locks be as follow: Fifteen feet in width and eighty five feet in length in the chamber".

So far as we have been informed upon the subject, the following reasons have governed the canal commissioners in confirming the location made by the engineer, of the part only of the western line of canal from Pittsburg to the mouth of the Kiskiminetas. The law authorizing the construction of the canal, directs that the route and dimensions of the canal shall be determined by the board of commissioners, with the approbation of a skilful engineer and the consent of the governor.

It seems that locations and estimates were made by the engineer upon the east and west side of the Allegheny river and plan of the work and a report submitted by him to the board at their late session in this place and that as it regarded expense and the permanency of the canal, he approved of the route upon the west side and disapproved of the east to a point about five miles above Pittsburg where the best ground presents itself upon the east side but the expense of an aqueduct would have to be encountered to embrace it. Thus situated, the board of commissioners unanimously as we understand, the engineer and the governor, thought proper with a view of expediting the work to confirm and order to be put under contract that part of the line about which there could be no dissatisfaction nor dispute, leaving the residue for future decision after a personal examination by the board of commissioners and the governor, should he find it convenient to attend.

From steps thus prudent and cautious and at the same decisive, we can but anticipate to the public the most favorable results in the prosecution and completion of this great work. And without pretending to know more upon these subjects than others, we cannot do less than congratulate our readers upon the auspicious commencement already made upon this important undertaking. The loans already called for have been made upon terms unusually favorable to the commonwealth. It was but to ask and receive and this from our own citizens without travelling beyond the bounds of Pennsylvania. And further, having observed the number of bidders and the anxiety felt to obtain contracts at this place, we are much mistaken if in our next number, we shall not be able to announce the pleasing fact that the whole line of canal will be contracted by those who will faithfully fulfill their engagements much below any estimate of expenses heretofore made. Penn. Intel.

Contractors Begin Operators

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania August 2, 1826

From the Harrisburg Chronicle.

Pennsylvania Canal

The contractors have commenced operations upon four sections of one half mile each of the eastern section of the Pennsylvania canal; two between Stoney creek and the mouth of the Swatara and Harrisburg. From the mouth of the Swatara to the western termination of this section of the canal is about 23 miles. We are near to the first of August and contractors are at work but upon two miles. At this rate, when may be expect the Pennsylvania Canal to be finished?

Site for Western Section Decided

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania August 23, 1826

Pittsburg, August 11.

The Canal

The location of the Western section of the Pennsylvania Canal is at length completed. The Commissioners after viewing the ground on both side of the river, as far up as Freeport, finally confirmed the location above Pine Creek on the Western side of the river and determined that from Pine Creek to this city, it should be on the Eastern or city side, at an elevation which will permit the canal's being carried to any point of the rivers on either side of the city. This decision, of course, renders two aqueducts across the Allegheny river necessary - one just above the mouth of Pine creek, 6 miles from the city, the other above the mouth of the Kiskeminitias.

The contracts for the excavation of the canal above Pine Creek will now be closed and the work commenced. As the line from Pine Creek down is on a higher level than that for which the conditioned proposals were received, a notice of 30 days for new proposals becomes necessary before it can be put under contract. The commissioners closed their session here on Wednesday evening and yesterday set out for Meadville where they will take into consideration the expediency of constructing a navigable feeder from French Creek to the summit level of the Coneaut Lake, and of surveying and locating a canal thence to Lake Erie. - Gazette.

Eastern Section begins Construction

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania September 20, 1826

Pennsylvania Canal

The eastern section of this work has hands employed upon nearly its whole extent of twenty-three miles. The construction of a basin, 570 by 270 feet was commended last week, near to the north-eastern verge of this borough; its purposes we suppose to be a harbor for boats and to contain water with which to propel the machinery of mills.

1827 Meeting of Canal Commissioners

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania May 23, 1827

Harrisburg, May 14

The Pennsylvania Canal Commissioners adjourned on Monday last, to meet again, at this place, on the 1st of June. During the sitting, Dr. Darlington resigned his office, and of course vacated his seat as President of the Board, which was filled by the appointment of Judge Scott, of Luzerne county. A commissioner in the room of Dr. Darlington has not been appointed by the Governor.

The board decided that the location of the western division of the canal, should be, from the aqueduct at the mouth of Pine creek, down the eastern side of the Allegheny river and meet the Monongahela at Pittsburg by the Grant's hill or tunnel route. This division to be immediately located and put under contract.

No appointment of chief engineer, in the room of Mr. Strickland, resigned, has been made and of the engineers to supply the place of Judge Geddes and Mr. Roberts we have no information. The latter gentleman we learn, will give his services until after the next meeting of the board, gratis.*

The canal from the mouth of the Juniata, by that river to Lewistown, and by the Susquehanna to Northumberland, will be located and put under contract as soon as possible. - Chron.

*The Franklin Gazette says - Mr. Strickland has however volunteered to superintend the completion of that part of the Canal which was commenced under him.


At a meeting of the Canal Commissioners, Mr. Guilford was appointed to survey and locate the route of canal from Clark's ferry to Northumberland: Mr. Livermore the route from Johnstown to the Kiskeminetas and Mr. Rawle to take charge of the eastern section in the room of Mr. Strickland. Mr. Roberts, it is understood, will remain on the western section, until it shall be in such a state, as that it can be completed by the assistants. - Penn. Intel.

Pennsylvania Canal Construction

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), July 4, 1827

Harrisburg, June 25

Pennsylvania Canal

Mr. Guilford has been engaged in making surveys and levels, upon the line between the mouth of the Juniata and Northumberland. He went up the Susquehanna, on the east side, and came down on the west.

Mr. De Witt Clinton Jr., started on Tuesday last to make surveys and levels upon the Juniata from its mouth to Lewistown.

When Mr. Guilford and Mr. Clinton shall have completed the above examinations, three of the Engineers employed by the State, will under an act of the last Assembly, examine the ground, from Foster's Falls, below Clark's Ferry, up the Juniata on both sides, so as to enable them to advise and the Canal Commissioners to determine, whether the Susquehanna shall be crossed by an aqueduct at Foster's Falls and the Canal be carried up the west side of the Juniata - or whether it shall be carried up the east side of the Juniata from Duncan's Island.

Mr. John Mitchell of Centre and Mr. William Wilson of Lycoming, are exploring the head waters of the West Branch; with a view to a continuous canal from the Susquehanna to the Allegheny.

We are assured that the State Engineers are most assiduous in the prosecution of the business to which they have been called.

The excavation of the eastern section of the Pennsylvania Canal - from Middletown to the mouth of the Juniata is nearly complete. Bridge and lock building is carried on actively. But the contract at the end of the Kittatiny mountain - at Hunter's Falls it appears to us cannot be completed this year. The contract at the end of Peter's Mountain is also difficult of execution and in a still more backward state, it not having been given out until this season on account of Mr. Strickland's location having been rejected last and adopted this year. - Chronicle.


Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), October 10, 1827

The Pennsylvania Canal, according to a letter from Pittsburg, in the U.S. Gazette is advancing rapidly in that neighborhood. The first stone of the Pier and Lock No. 10, communicating with the Allegany river, was laid on the 24th of September. The excavation is five feet below the level of the river and extends out on its bed two hundred and fifty feet. A hundred men have been employed for some weeks past working day and night and the pumps have enabled them to lay the foundation. The undertaking already spreads industry and trade in the neighboring country. For our own sake, not less than that of general prosperity, we wish all success to the enterprises of our Pennsylvania neighbors.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), November 14, 1827
Mr. Mowry, Canal Commissioner, has contracted for the whole Eastern Section of the Pennsylvania Canal, for one-third less than the estimate of the Engineer. General Lacock is advancing rapidly and with economy on the Western Section, and Mr. Clark exceeds the public expectation on the Juniata Section.


Harrisburg, April 11

The water is now running through the Pennsylvania Canal to Middletown and it is expected boats will arrive from that town tomorrow. The military, we are informed will turn out in honor of the occasion and salutes will be fired from a field piece under command of Major Bailey. - Reporter

Pennsylvania Canal

The Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)

December 17 1828

Harrisburg, Dec. 8

We understand that the water of Fishing-creek was let into the Canal at McAllister's on Wednesday last, and that it flowed without interruption until it came within two miles of Harrisburg, where the embankment is of loose slate, taken from the bed of the Canal. Further the water will not come. - Chron.

We regret to learn that a number of coal arks have been lost on the dams erected at Foster's falls and Shamokin. From the watermen, we learn that the danger in running those dams is considered greater than running the Conowago falls. It is, therefore, necessary that they should undergo alterations before our spring freshet. - Int.

Pennsylvania Canal
Western Division

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, January 7, 1829

We are informed that the water was passed over the large Aqueduct at Freeport with perfect safety. In a few days the water will be let into the Canal the whole distance from Kiskiminetas to Pittsburg. All the difficult places on the Canal, from the Salt Works to this place are already surmounted and the Salt Boats are now actively navigating it for a considerable distance; free from impediment or danger. It is expected that in about two weeks, the navigation will be open as low as Blairsville. - Pittsburg Statesman.

We know not who can expect the navigation of the Canal to be open from Blairsville, so soon as stated by the "Stateman". Certainly not the Commissioners, Engineers or contractors. They know that the Tunnel, eight miles below this, is not yet completed through the rock. And that in some places, the earth has not been touched by spade, pick or shovel, on the line of canal. Perhaps the editor of the "Statesman" has been lead to express this expectation by a paragraph in the Governor's Message. His Excellency uses words of caution in that paragraph, not pledging his own veracity, but giving it as hearsay only. The canal will not be in a condition to receive the water, at all events not fit for navigation from this place, much before this time next year. The Tunnel on the Conemaugh is not expected to be completed before the first of May or June next. We do not see why the true state of this work should be concealed or why it was represented to the Governor so differently from the truth. - Blairsville Record

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, April 30, 1828
Harrisburg, April 19.
Within the last week the water has been let into the Pennsylvania Canal, and one or two boats have arrived opposite this place from Middletown. We have understood that the basin at Middletown, on the one side, gave way and that one or more breaks have taken place on the canal between this and Middletown. Another break in the Union Canal, near Lebanon, has taken place within the last week. - Argus.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, May 14, 1828
Harrisburg, May 5
The Pennsylvania Canal
A walk upon the Bank of this work from Harrisburg to Middletown on Friday last, put us in possession of a few facts, not very consoling to one who has been the uniform supporter of Internal Improvement in general and canals in particular.
So much of the canal as runs through Harrisburg and for some distance below it was covered by cows, strolling from bank to bank, plucking the herbage that appeared here and there. No fences or gates to keep them off and to protect the banks.
Four miles below Harrisburg, about one rod of the embankment on the west side of the canal swept away, and appeared to have been so for a considerable time. The water let into the canal farther down, constantly running out into the river here and increasing the difficulty of repairing the breach. At High Spire (two miles below this breach) a canal bridge tumbled down and no essay towards its re-erection. The whole distance exhibiting the appearance of a work that no one cared for and that those who had made it had resolved to let go to ruin - Chronicle.

The Pittsburg Gazette states that in consequence of the late rains, a breach had been effected in the tunnel of the Pennsylvania Canal, now excavating thro' Grant's Hill. The workmen were employed in it at the time, but escaped without injury. Only a small portion of the earth fell through the framework, but the rupture in the adjoining earth was so considerable, that the contractors have found it necessary to excavate to the extent of about 60 feet in length by 20 in depth, over the tunnel. Until this interruption, the work had advanced with great rapidity. - Baltimore American.


Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, March 25, 1829
Pittsburg, Penn., Feb 25
The Conemaugh Tunnel
By a gentleman, direct from this stupendous work on the Western division of our Canal, I am informed that Messrs. Stewarts and Neel, the enterprising and industrious contractors, a few days since, affected a passage through the mountain of rock, where this work is located. The occasion was celebrated by the hands employed, around a "flowing bowl," with music to the tune of internal improvement. The pleasing intelligence was announced to the country around by several discharges of artillery.

From actual measurement, there has been excavated through solid rock, eight hundred and fifteen feet in length, 25 feet breadth and 25 feet height. This work was reported by Gen. Lacock to the Legislature, at the commencement of the present session to be about 800 feet from end to end, which shows the accuracy of calculations confided to men of experience and intelligence. Connected with the Tunnel job, Messrs. Stewarts and Neel have the construction of a Guard Lock and Dam of about 17 feet elevation, all which are on the point of completion. Great exertions are making to finish the towing paths in the Tunnel, and complete the extra work for the opening of the spring navigation from Blairsville to this city, a distance of nearly eighty miles by the canal route.

Twelve months have not elapsed, since the first monthly estimate of work done was paid by Gen. Lacock on the Conemaugh line; and it is acknowledged that no division of the improvement presents works of equal magnitude and difficulty with those now prosecuting to completion on the western division. - Statesman.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, May 27, 1829
As respects the division of the Pennsylvania Canal, between Middletown and Clark's Ferry, there seems to be pretty high the same likelihood of its being navigable this season, as was last year, about this time, of its being navigable that season. The outlet lock at Middletown "would not hold water," this Spring and the cut stone has been taken out of its bottom, for the purpose of supplying its place with wooden materials. The aqueduct across Paxton creek, near this town, is to be made water tight by planking. The canal in the immediate vicinity of Harrisburg is the favorite promenade for our town cows, droves of which may be seen daily upon it, making a job to be excavated by the time the other parts of the work are ready for navigation.

The contracts at the end of Peter's Mountain (Clark's ferry), are said to be nearly completed, so as to admit the water of the Susquehanna into the canal, by the dam at Duncan's Island. When they are completed, and the water let in, we have been so sadly disappointed heretofore, that we shall content ourselves with observing - as a worthy Welshman observed long ago - "then, peradventure, we shall behold what we shall see." - Har. Chron.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, June 23, 1829
We are sorry to learn that Col. De Witt Clinton has resigned his situation as chief Engineer on the Juniata Division of the Pennsylvania canal. The cause of the resignation, we understand, was the adoption of a resolution by the Board, taking the power of appointing assistants &c. from the chief Engineers on the line and vesting it in the acting commissioners and superintendants. Col. Clinton tendered his resignation with the proviso that if the Board would rescind that resolution he would continue in the service, which they refused to do. - Pennsylvania Reporter.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, October 20, 1829
Harrisburg, October 19.
Pennsylvania Canal
The water was shut out of the Canal from Clark's Ferry to Middletown last week, for the purpose of constructing a Lock at the lower end of Peters' Mountain. Such a force is applied to that work, that we have no doubt of its completion by the first of November. In the mean time, repairs will be made of the leaks and breaches on this line of canal, so as to put it in better order fornaviagation than it has yet been. It may be safely calculated that the canal will be navigalbe in the first week in November and continue so till closed by ice. The water has been let into the canal a short distance below (????......) and is coming on towards the juction of the Susquehanna and Juniata. This section of canal is said to be remarkably tight.
The water has also been let into the Juniata canal at Lewistown and North's Island. We are informed that the repairs necessary on this section of canal will be completed by November.
The aqueduct across the Juniata at Duncan's Island, is in a state of forwardness, and has a force applied that will ensure its completion this season. -- Chronicls.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), December 1, 1829
The Pennsylvania Canal is now filled with water from Clark's Ferry to Middletown.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, August 25, 1829
Harrisburg, Aug. 17
Pennsylvania Canal
The water has been in the Canal from Duncan's Island at the mouth of the Juniata to Harrisburg, since Thursday last. Some new and inconsiderable leaks have appeared at Hunter's Falls, but wherever repairs have been made by the present Acting Commissioner, the canal is tight. A large force is engaged in raising the dam at Duncan's Island and our confidence is by no means abated with regard to the navigation of this section of the Canal in all September. We believe, now, it will be navigable by the beginning of the month. - Chronicle.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, September 1, 1829
Harrisburg, Aug. 24
First Boat
On Wednesday last Cornelius Baskins and Maj. Joel Baily, brought a flat with a number of persons on board from Clark's Ferry to Harrisburg; and returned with a load of coal on the same day to the Ferry, without the occurrence of an accident. They deserve credit for their enterprise.
On the succeeding day, Mr. Abbot Green brought a boat with cord wood on board, down the same section of canal.
The Packet boat Hickory has arrived from Middletown and this afternoon proceeds to Duncans Island.
The water has been in the Pennsylvania Canal from Duncan's Island to Harrisburg for the last ten days. It is now in from Harrisburg to Middletown and two Canal Boats from Middletown are looked for at this town tomorrow. In the course of the present week we anticipate the regular navigation of the Pennsylvania Canal, from Middletown to Duncan's Island, a distance of 24 miles. - Chronicle.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, September 15, 1829
Harrisburg, Sept. 7.
The Pennsylvania Canal, which was navigable from Middletown to Harrisburg, certainly and was said to be so to Duncan's Island, yesterday week, had not been navigable since. A breach in the canal bank, about nine miles above this town, was the first cause of interruption to the navigation: this breach was repaired on Thursday last, but the embankment again gave way and we remain in a most provoking state of ignorance as to its present condition, and when the canal will be again fit for use. A variety of rumors are afloat with regard to the unaccountable delay in repairing the breach alluded to, and if we could ascertain where the fault lies (if fault there is) the public would certainly be made acquainted with it. - Chronicle.

Mr. Leech, the collector at Leechburgh, has received as high as sixty-eight dollars in canal tolls, per day. There are now plying between Pittsburg and Blairsville, twenty boats, of different descriptions; and it is supposed that the trade between these places, will keep them constantly employed.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, September 22, 1829
Harrisburg, Sept 14
The Canal is in navigable order from Middletown to Clark's Ferry. Three boats loaded with lumber for the bridge at Clark's Ferry, passed up this morning, and three boats are at High Spire, on their way to this place, loaded with merchandize. - Chronicle.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, September 29, 1829
Harrisburg, Sept 18.
The Pennsylvania Canal from Middletown to Clark's Ferry is now in full operation, and boats are passing and re-pasing daily. The breaches which occurred about a week ago, have been repaired. Much credit is due to Mr. Forrey the acting commissioner on this division, for his active exertions to bring it into operation. It is understood however, that the water will have to be let out in a week or two, in order to build a new guard lock. The western division is also in full operation, and tolls are receiving daily to a considerable amount. The exertions of Mr. Stevenson, on this section, we understand has given general satisfaction. - Reporter.

Juniata Canal
Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, Nov 3, 1829
We were in error last week, when we stated that the aqueduct across the Juniata, at Duncan's Island, would be finshed this Fall. It is not calculated that it can be finished before the middle of April next. - Har. Chron.

Republican Compiler (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania), Nov 17, 1829
Lewistown, Nov. 5
Juniata Canal
The water was let into the different levels of the canal, from this town to the mouth of the river, a distance of 45 miles on Thursday last; no breaches of any consequence took place. The line through the Narrows held past expectation.
A packet boat left Mifflin on Thursday with a party of ladies and gentlemen on board, they were met at the Gate House by a party from this town. The packet boat made the passage from Mifflin and back again on the same day with ease. On Saturday a number of the membrs of the legislature from the western counties, on their way to the seat of government, took passage in the boat and passed down the canal about twenty-six miles when it was thought advisable to stop on account of the situation of a culvert over which they must pass if they proceed further. The members expressed themselves highly gratified with their trip.
No canal of the same length in the United States, ever held water so well on its first trial. Mr. Clarke, the acting commissioner has every reason to be proud of the work under his superintendence. - Gazette.

Republican Compiler, Gettysburg, PA, July 6, 1830
Harrisburg, June 21.
The Pennsylvania Canal continues in fine order for navigation and boats arrive and depart daily.
The aqueduct across the Juniata where it joins the Susquehanna at the head of Duncan's Island, was passed on Saturday last, by the Canal boat Juniata, owned by Gen. W. B. Mitchell, and loaded with about 100 barrels of whiskey. The entrance of the boat upon the aqueduct was hailed by three cheers, and having passed safety across to the Island, her arrival was greeted with three cheers.
Governor Wolf, with the heads of departments and a number of our citizens proceeded upon the Pennsylvania canal from Harrisburg to the dam across the Susquehanna, when they crossed in the boat to Duncan's Island and were present to witness the arrival of the first boat until the Juniata canal at and her passage across the Aqueduct. A number of citizens from the surrounding country were also assembled on the occasion. Mr. William Le Baron of this place justly receives much credit for the energy and skill displayed in the construction of the above aqueduct. It is an elegant and a substantial structure and surpassed the expectations of those who are not disposed to flatter. Although the aqueduct was not finished exactly as soon as was anticipated, it is finished as soon as the Juniata canal is prepared for navigation. -- Chronicle

Wiconisco Canal Abandoned
Roanoke daily times. (Roanoke, Va), February 27, 1890
An Old Canal Abandoned
Philadelphia, Feb. 26. - President I. J. Wistar, of the Pennsylvania Canal company, has issued a notice that the company has abandoned for public use all that portion of the Wiconisco canal, now a part of the Pennsylvania canal, extending from Millersburg to a point 150 feet above the head of the outlet lock, known as Lock No. 1, near Clark's Ferry in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, being about 124 miles in length.

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