The Jury Lists of 1778 - 1779 were copied from the original handwritten lists on deposit at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History in Columbia, South Carolina (Compiled by Gelee Corley Hendrix and Morn McKoy Lindsay). The names in this book are in the same sequence as the original lists, and every effort was made to copy the names exactly as written, including misspellings.
The handwriting was beautiful, old script, but the acribes formed a few letters so similarly that some names had to be examined very carefully to be sure they were copied correctly. An alternate spelling or question mark has been added by the compilers to names that were not clearly written. However, all other words in parentheses, such as occupations or places of residence, are exactly as written on the original lists. As the original jury lists were evidently copied from tax lists* (which unfortuantely no longer exist), it is possible that some errors in spelling were made in the tax lists themselves, or at the time they were copied.
South Carolina was divided into seven districts during this time period. In the jury lists, each district is divided into geographical areas, helping to pinpoint where the individuals lived. Maps are provided in the book to help locate the counties these areas were in after the county system was orgainized. In Camden District, "The New Acquisition" was that area once thought to be in North Carolina, but when the boundary was re-surveyed in 1772, it was established as being in South Carolina, and is present day York County. In Ninety Six District, Spartan District included what is now Spartanburg, Union and Cherokee counties. Most of the other areas are identified by parishes, rivers, and streams.
These jury lists are the closest thing we have to a complete state census before 1790. Except for the alphabetized lists, the names are probably grouped with others who lived nearby, which give close to neighbors and relatives. These names indicate who many of the residents of South Carolina were before the influx of settlers after the Revolution. Many of the names are also found later to be residents of Georgia and other states, as the westward migration began after the Revolution.
One of the purposes in publishing this book is to make research in early South Carolina history easier for people who do not have access to the records of South Carolina. As it has been almost two hundred years since the jury lists were drawn up, we thought the celebration of the Bicentennial Anniversary of our nation's independence an ideal time to promote interest in South Carolina's history, and to encourage others with the time, interest, and ability to do likewise.
*Ref: S.C. Circuit Court Act #1095, Article XVII, 29 July, 1769.
"The Judges of the said Court of Common Pleas in Charleston shall cause
lists of jurors in civil cause, grand and petit jurors, to be made for
Charlestown, and also for each of the country districts and precincts,
from the next antecedent tax list of persons within such respective
districts or precincts aforesaid".
A GENERAL ASSEMBLY begun and holden at Charles Town on Monday the fifth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight and from thence continued by divers adjournments to Saturday-the seventy eighth day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy eight.
ACT for establishing a new list of Jury-men from the Districts of Charles town - George -Town, Cherawe, Camden, Beaufort and Orangeburgh within this state.
WHEREAS by the increase of the number of Inhabitants and the Death and re--val of many Persons who resided in the State it is necessary to form a new list of Jury Men for the Several Districts within this State that the brerthen of that Service may be the more equally divided amongst the People.
IT THEREFORE ENACTED by His Excellency Rawlins Lowndes Esquire Presidant and Commander in Chief in and over the State of South Carolina by the honourable the Legislative Council and General Assembly of the said State had by the Authority of the Same that the several persons whose names are asserted in the different Schedules or lists hereunto annexed as Jury Lists for the Several Districts of Charles Town - George Town, Cheraws, Camden, Beaufort and Orangeburgh within this state and intitled the Grand Jury just, Petit Jury List and the Special Jury list of each of the said Districts respectively are hereby deemed and declared to be qualified and obliged to serve as Jury Men for such Districts respectively according to the several Jury Lists in which their names are so inserted: That is to say, all Persons whose Names are inserted in the Petit Jury List of any of the Districts aforesaid and hereunto annexed shall be surmoned returned and obliged to serve as Petit Jury Men for such District the Special Jury just of which their Names are so inserted in all cases where Tales are allowed by Law AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the aforesaid that each of the several lists hereunto annexed as the Grand Jury List, Petit Jury list and special Jury list of any Districts before mentioned is hereby deemed and declared to be the legal Grand Jury list, Petit Jury list and special Jury just respectively of such respective Districts And that at the next sitting of the Court of Common Pleas or General Sessions in Charles Town and that the next sitting of the said Courts for any of the other Districts aforesaid the Judge or Judges of the said Courts shall cause to be written at respectively on small seperate pieces of Paper, of any equal Size the Names of every Person in the list hereunto annexed as the Grand Jury List of the district where such Court is so held and after having compared such Names with such Lists shall cause them to be put in a Box or Chest prepared for that purpose with proper divisions made therein according to the Directions of the Acts of the General Assembly now in force respecting Jurors and jury list And the said Judges or Judge shall also then and there cause to ? written on small seperate pieces of Paper of equal size the Names of every person in the list hereunto annexed as the Petit Jury List of the District where such Court is so held and after comparing such Names with the said box or Chest prepared for the holding of such Petit Jurys list of such District according to the aforesaid acts respecting Jurors and Jury lists and aforesaid And shall also then and there cause to be written on small seperate Pieces of Paper of equal size as aforesaid the Name of every Person of the list hereunto annexed as the special Jury last of the District where such Court is so held and after comparing such Names with the said List.
Shall cause them to be put into one of the two Divisions of the said Box prepared for holding such special Jury List of such District according to the Acts aforesaid respecting Jurors and Jury Lists as aforesaid. AND BE IT FURTHER "ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid That all Grand Juries and Petit Juries of the Court of Common Pleas which shall, hereafter be drawn for any of the Districts aforesaid shall be drawn from the Names which shall be taken from the List of Grand Jurors and the list of Petit Jurors respectively for such Districts hereunto annexed as aforesaid and which shall be put into the Jury Box of such District as before directed by this Act shall in every other respect than what is particularly expressed and declared by this Act be drawn summoned returned and impanelled agreeable to and in such Form and manner and at such Times and Places as are directed and prescribed by an Act called "the Circuit Court Act" passed the twenty ninth Day of July one Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty nine or any other Act in force at the Time of the passing of this Act relative to the drawing of Juries AND BE IT FURTHER ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid that all Persons whose Names are inserted in any of the Jury Lists annexed to this act are respectively liable to all Pains and Penalties that Juror are liable to by any Law of force in this State And that all Acts and Verdicts by any Jury drawn under and by Virtue of this Act shall be as valid Effectual to all Intents and purposes as this Act or Verdict of any Jury can be by law.
Ref: - S.C. Archives - MS Act 1778 - Act No. 1078
***** Contents *****
Miscellaneous Act No. 1078...............1
Miscellaneous Act No. 1123...............74
Ninety Six District...............76 1} 2} 3}
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