Ninety Years of Aiken County
Memoirs of Aiken County and Its People
By Gasper Loren Toole II
Transcribed by Dena Whitesell

 Chapter XIV
INDUSTRIES OF AIKEN COUNTY
 
HORSE CREEK VALLEY
From high up in the Vaucluse hills Past folks and dames and seven mills Between chalk beds and mines we know. To Hamburg flats and westward-ho! Meanders Horse Creek Valley.

Two hundred years since pale face came, And played with Cherokee the game, Of push and shove, let best man win, To claim the land and bring in kin, To habit Horse Creek Valley.

As friend of man, red, black and white, Food, power, coolness day and nite, Tells the story thru the ages, Brightens up the barren pages, Wonderful Horse Creek Valley.

In numbers large, with spirit rare. From way down here we greet you there, May God grant peace to Aiken's Clan— And ever o'er us bless the land. Of Beautiful Horse Creek Valley.  -By CHARLES HAMMOND

The industrial section of Aiken County lies in the Horse Creek Valley. All Aiken Countians should be proud that the cradle of Southern Textile Industry was within its borders. In the upper part of the Valley are Vaucluse Mill, perhaps the oldest in the industry, built in 1832, the old Granite Mill, built by William Gregg, the Hickman Mill, and the Gregg Dye Plant, all at Graniteville, and the Warren Mill at Warrenville. These mills belong to the Graniteville Company, established by William Gregg. Below these mills are the towns of Langley, Bath, and Clearwater owned by the Merchants and Manufacturers, Inc., 1407 Broadway, New York 18, N. Y., now the owner of three former distinct mills or paper plants at Bath. Another important plant which was built about 8 miles west of Aiken on Lower Horse Creek was the Langley Mill which was constructed about 1870. It was on the Langley Lake, which furnished the water power for running of the mill. The operator at that time was W. H. Langley Company of New York and they processed the cotton and cloth.

Langley, situated on the Southern Railway, now on U. S. Highway No. 1, has a fairly large population, and its influence in political affairs has been very marked since the beginning, as it carried one of the largest voting precincts in Aiken County. With its good public schools and its many churches—Baptist, Methodist, Church of God, Nazarene arid other sects, it was considered a flourishing community, but on July 33 1946, the main building of the Langley Manufacturing Co., was destroyed by fire and was never rebuilt. What buildings are there were only used as a Warehouse for the other two plants now belonging to this Company, namely, Bath and Clearwater, known as the Seminole Mills, It was in 1890 that the Bath Mills was built by W. H. Langley & Company for a complete cotton manufacturing operation, carding and spinning yarn and weaving the finished product. Many now living can remember Arthur H. McCarrell who was the construction engineer and the superintendent of the manufacturing company for years. In 1900, further growth was made in the industrial economy of this area when a bleachery was established at Clearwater about 2 miles westward on Clearwater Creek.

It was in 1927 that a small group of farseeing men conceived the idea of uniting the functions of merchandising and manufacturing in the textile industry. It was at this time that the United Merchants and Manufacturers, Inc. was born and the first mills acquired by the new company were the Langley, Bath and Seminole Mills. These were purchased in 1929. Since, Bath and Seminole have been expanded and completely modernized, but the burned site of the Langley Mill remains about the same and Langley Village is used for the housing which was needed for the expansion of the other two mills.

The annual payroll of the mills of the Langley, Bath and Clear-water communities exceeds the sum of seven and a half million dollars a year. Two of its original founders were the late Lawrence Marks, Sr., and Homer Loring. Mr. Loring became the first president of the new company and, on his death in 1939, he was succeeded by its treasurer, J. W. Schwab, who holds that office today. This corporation has stockholders residing in every State of the Union and from all walks of life. Many residents of County are numbered among those who invested their earnings in the U. M. & M. Corp. In 1940 the company became international in its operations, establishing mills in Canada. Uraquay, Argentina and Venezuela.

In the Aiken County area described above, each unit carries Sufficient land, undeveloped at present, probably, both companies, as much as 5,000 acres.

WILLIAM GREGG AND THE GRANITEVILLE COMPANY

The establishment of the Graniteville Company and the town of Graniteville was due to the efforts of William Gregg. He was not the first Southerner to see the great industrial possibilities of the South, but his untiring effort and zeal for his conviction that manufacturing was necessary to the welfare of the South caused him to be known as the "Father of the Textile Industry in the South" Gregg was not only a businessman but a humanitarian. He worked for the betterment of the poor whites whose position in the Old South of great plantations with their slaves was an unhappy one. In his struggle for the establishment of Cotton Mills in the South he had the stiff opposition of many who thought that the development of manufacturing would be dangerous to slavery. Among the statesmen and leaders who opposed the spread of industry was John C. Calhoun who was afraid that growth of manufactures might bring about an anti-slavery party and a tariff, and thus endanger the social and economic structure of the South.

William Gregg, born February 2, 1800, in what is now West Virginia, made a comfortable fortune as a young man in Columbia, S. C. where he was Watchmaker, Silversmith and Jeweler. He left Columbia because of temporary ill health and lived near or at the home of his wife's parents in Edgefield, S. C. While there he became interested in the Vaucluse Mill which was built in 1832 but which was unprofitable. He invested money in the company and soon had it making money.

He then entered into a jewelry partnership in Charleston, S. C, moved there, but retained his interest in manufacturing. He then went to New England to study the mills there, and came back to South Carolina to take up the fight for the industrial development of the South. He published his ideas in articles in "The Charleston Courier" and, as he was a writer of no mean ability, these articles had much influence and helped to inspire the South to a broader economic life. He wanted the South to stop depending on the one-crop economic system and to provide a livelihood for the poor-white non-landowners by cotton manufacturing. He could not see why the South, with the cotton at hand, the fine climate, water power, and a class of people needing the work, should send its money up North. His writings, "Domestic Industry" was later published and was very influential in helping him win out with his ideas.

Gregg decided to put his theories into practice and enlisted other men in the project and formed the corporation with a capital of $300,000.00 part of which was supplied by Charlestonians—and some Charlestonians are stockholders today. The shares at a par value of $500 were taken by about thirty people. Gregg's own holdings amounted to $30,000 and only three stockholders invested more money in the company than he did. None invested more time, energy, enthusiasm than he. For the first 8 years he worked as president without a salary, and in the depression of the 1850's he lent the company $90,000.00, the bulk of his fortune not invested in the mill, to enable it to continue operation.

The charter for the establishment of the Company was granted to Gregg by the State Legislature on December 15, 1845. He had applied for a charter to Georgia, too, but it was not granted. How thankful we should be that our State granted the charter and the Company was not established elsewhere. Gregg decided to build his mill in Horse Creek Valley where he had begun his textile experience. He chose the spot for the mill 3 miles from Vaucluse and built the factory of granite hewn from native stone. It was called the Granite Mill and the town which grew up there Graniteville.

Gregg built his home on Kalmia Hill, about where the home of Dr. Finley Kennedy now stands. The railroad caused many people to come to Aiken from Charleston, and Aiken and Kalmia Hill became a summer resort. Gregg drove to Graniteville every day. He built Graniteville, and its churches, its schools, and its people were dear to his heart. Still standing today in Graniteville are several of the comfortable cottages built in the 1840's for the operatives of the mill, a testimony to his thoughts and feelings for the welfare of the employees of the mill. The ideas preached and practiced by William Gregg and the fine relations between employer and employee established by him a century ago is an inspiration to labor and management today.

During the War of Secession, Graniteville manufactured cloth for the Confederacy. From this period of prosperity during the War, Gregg was able to build up enough reserves to enlarge and equip the mill with new machinery in 1865-1866. In each of the Wars since that time the Graniteville Company has contributed with its men and cloth for uniforms and tents for the armed forces.

Since Gregg's death in 1867, the Graniteville Company has grown, until today, it stands with its surrounding 17,000 acres, a monument to this great man, one of the most important enterprises of its kind in the South, with 171,040 spindles, 4,023 looms, 7 plants and 5,000 operatives. In the one hundredth year after its establishment it produced 99,965 yards of cloth and dyed more than 86,182,000 yards. The capital had increased from the original $300,000.00 to $2,000,000.00 with a surplus of $5,933,000.00. The Company paid $10,000.00 per day to the Federal government in 1944, including Sundays and almost twice that to the employees. These figures are taken from the Centennial Edition of "The Graniteville Bulletin," with the consent of Mr. W. C. Lott. The original Granite Mill still hums spindles and looms. To it have been added Vaucluse Mill, burned in 1867, bought in 1871, and rebuilt in 1877; Hickman Mill, built in 1900 and 1901; Warren Mill, built in 1898 at Warrenville and united with the Graniteville Company in 1919; the "Gregg Dye Works," built at Graniteville in 1924; and the Sibley and Enterprise Mills in Augusta, Georgia, merged with the Graniteville Company in 1940. The Graniteville Company is the oldest company in the South operating under its original charter.

The Presidents of the Company are as follows:

William Gregg, March 7, 1846-September 12, 1867.
Hamilton H. Hickman (President pro tern) October 2, 1867—April 23, 1868.
Hamilton H. Hickman, April 23, 1868-April 20, 1899.
Tracy I. Hickman, April 20, 18, 1899-October 14, 1915.
Jabob Phinizy, December 20, 1916-May 30, 1924.
(S. A. Fortson served as President ad interim from October 28, 1915 to December 20, 1916, during temporary receivership.)
Leavelle McCampbell, June 2, 1924—November 17, 1924.
Lanier Branson, November 17, 1924—February 7, 1939.
Samuel H. Swint, February 7, 1939-

James Wesley Rearden, Graniteville's Grand Old Man, completed his 80th year of unbroken service with the Graniteville Company and started in on his 81st year on May 10, 1952. He served in many capacities with the Company but has been employed in Shipping Department for past 36 years. Mr. Rearden has always taken an active interest in community life. He became a member of St. John's Methodist Church 69 years ago. He taught the Young Men's Bible Class for 35 years and was a member of the Choir for over 70 years. He is a lifetime member of the Board of Stewards.

Some of the families that have been in Graniteville since the time of Willam Gregg and have helped in the building of this fine community are:

The families of Charles Powell, Joseph Powell, William Bryant, Sumpter Randall, Thomas Carpenter, J. J. Ergle, Edward Ergle, Dr. Joseph Busbee, John M. Posey, Russell Busbee, Daniel Mar-chant, John Brewer, William Marchant, Pope Wise, Ernest Brewer, Frank Murphy, Hazel Whittle, and the Franklins, John Hester, the Reardons, the Taylors, James L. Quinby, the Platts, the Cooks, and the Moores. Dr. McMillan, Dr. Turnbull, the Greens, the Timmermans and the Outz.

In 1907 Hickman Hall at Graniteville was named after T. I. Hickman, President of Graniteville Manufacturing Company.

(photo - unable to copy) Photograph of the Directors and Officers of Graniteville Company made on April 23, 1957, in the office of the President, Samuel H. Swint, in Graniteville, S. C.

Seated, left to right: Charles E. Daniel, Director; Samuel H. Swint, President and Director; Owen R. Cheatham, Director; James Sartor, Director; and William K. McCampbell, Vice President and Director.

Standing, left to right: William C. Lott, Assistant Vice President; Francis A. Townsend, Vice President and Director; John C. Hughes, Director; Frank D. Mannion, Vice President and Director; Ernest T. Hurt, Treasurer; Andrew J. Cothran, Secretary; and Howard M. Leitner, Assistant Treasurer.

Absent when the picture was made was Francis S. Dennis, Assistant Vice President. Graniteville, S. C. May 7, 1957

(photo - unable to copy) WILLIAM GREGG — Founder of the Graniteville Company. Copied from a photo of a painting by Keyohei Inukai.

JAMES LAWRENCE QUINBY was born 1851. Son of Lawrence and Martha Powell Quinby a native of Charleston. An assiciate of William Gregg in the building of the Graniteville Cotton Mill. He was the leading merchant, President of the Bank of Graniteville, served in the House of Representatives from Aiken County, one term, an active church man, he was a member of St. John's Methodist Church and served in all capacities.

His first wife was Ellen Turner of Edgefield County, she left one son, James L. Quinby, Jr., who was a member of the Quinby Mercantile firm of his father until it was dissolved. Mr. Quinby's second wife was Caroline Myers of Brunswick, Mo.

GRANITEVILLE COMPANY

Makers of Cotton Cloth Since 1845 GRANITEVILLE . . . SOUTH CAROLINA

1956 DIRECTORS

OWEN R. CHEATHAM-1945
President, Georgia-Pacific Corporation
WILLIAM K. McCAMPBELL-1946
Vice-President
CHARLES E. DANIEL-1947
Chairman of the Board
Daniel Construction Company
JAMES SARTOR-1944
First Vice-President, Citizens and Southern National Bank
JOHN C HUGHES - 1941
Chairman of the Board
McCampbell & Company
SAMUEL SWINT-1936
 President
FRANK D. MANNION-1953
Vice-President
FRANCIS A. TOWNSEND-1947
Vice-President

OFFICERS

SAMUEL H. SWINT-1926
President
ANDREW J. COTHRAN-1943
Secretary
FRANCIS A. TOWNSEND-1929
Vice-President
ERNEST T. HURT-1921
Treasurer
WILLIAM K. McCAMPBELL-1941
Vice-President
WILLIAM C. LOTT-1939 Assistant Vice-President; Assistant Secretary
FRANK D. MANNION-1945
Vice-President 
HOWARD M. LEITNER-1934
Assistant Treasurer
FRANCIS S. DENNIS-1938
Assistant Vice-President
(Dates after names of directors indicate year first elected; after officers, the year first employed by Graniteville Company.)

AIKEN COUNTY COMMERCE

The U. S. Department of Commerce publication of June, 1956, gives the following information from the 1954 Census of Manufacturers.

"In 1954 Aiken County payrolls totaled $88,120,000.00. The amount represents- the largest manufacturing payroll of any County in South Carolina."

THE KAOLIN INDUSTRY

One of the oldest industries of the county is the kaolin industry. The nation's kaolin industry is centered in South Carolina and Georgia, and Aiken County produces a type of kaolin found nowhere else in the world.

Aiken County can boast, too, that the oldest kaolin mine in the nation is located within its borders. It was known as "The Pottery" during the days of the War Between the States and is still being operated by the Dixie Clay Company. There have been other potteries in the county. One was located on the old Wise property three miles northwest of the City of Aiken, now owned by my daughter, Mrs. Cleora Toole Murray. Mrs. Clara Wise has in her possession some of the dishes made in this pottery, although the pottery was closed years ago.

The J. M. Huber Corporation owns four mines (one in Aiken County, and three in Georgia) which produce more clay than any other in the world. From these mines 300,000,000 tons of clay are shipped annually of which 160,000,000 tons are mined in Aiken County. The Huber mines have been in operation approximately 70 years.

Some other companies mining kaolin in Aiken County are: The International Clay Company, The National Clay Company, The United Clay Mines, The Southeastern Clay Company, and The Monetta Clay Company.

Aiken County kaolin is a pure hydrous, sedimentary clay, containing some alumina and silicate. It is noted the world over and shipped to all parts of the globe. Nowhere else is this particular type of clay found, its distinguishing characteristics being the smallness of its particles. It is used in the manufacture of rubber. A different type of clay mined in Aiken County is paper clay. It is used as a filler in bookpaper and as a coating on paper.

AIKEN ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC.
REA
AIKEN, SOUTH CAROLINA

Rural Electrification Administration Plant is located about two miles East of Aiken on Highway 215, with modern designed buildings for the purpose of preserving the farmers' perishable products, fruits, meats and fresh vegetables, it also has freezer units and storage facilities for the use of the general public.

The original founders of the Cooperative were Monson Morris, U. E. Hutto, B. R. Gantt, John R. Jordan, E. L. Willis, B. W. Crosland and J. P. Kneece.

The petition for a charter was dated January 3, 1938.

The purpose of the Cooperative was to furnish electric service to rural farms and commercial enterprises in areas where the Commercial Power Companies did not see fit to provide this service.

This is the largest Electric Cooperative, from a revenue producing standpoint, in South Carolina and operates in Aiken, Edgefield, Saluda, McCormick, Lexington, Barnwell, Orangeburg and Calhoun Counties.

As of December, 1954, there were 2739 miles of lines energized serving 10,293 members.

The gross revenue for the year 1954 was approximately $875,000.

Capital invested to date amounts to $3,917,843.63. This money was borrowed from the Rural Electrification Administration and is to be amortized over a 35 year period. To date $714,812.26 plus $96,173.94 paid in advance, has been repaid to R. E. A. In addition interest in about the same amount has been paid to this lending agency.

The present Trustees and Officers are Joe A. Smith, Springfield, president; Ashton Head, Aiken, Vice President; Hoyt C. Burnett, Saluda, Secretary-Treasurer; W. C. Lyon, Edgefield, Trustee; C. J. Asbill, Wagener, Trustee; James Bates, Williston, Trustee; R. M. Furtick, Springfield, Trustee; W. L. White, McCormick, Trustee; Clarence Livingston, Jr., North, Trustee; and W. H. Schreiner, Aiken, Manager.

Dorsey Lybrand, System Attorney; Paul Fulghum, Warehouseman; Thomas H. Craig, Line Superintendent; William T. Terwilliger, Lineman; Dan Majors, Angus Dean, Office Manager; William T. Townsend, Bookkeeper.

SOU. BELL TEL. & TEL. CO. EMPLOYEES AIKEN, S. C.
January 17, 1955
COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENT

Mr. H. E. Simpson, Manager; Miss Sadie Bates, Cashier; Miss Rosa Bates, Mrs. Eleanor Bennett, Mr. A. Ray Fernell, Mrs. Margaret Goggans, Miss Elaine Herde, Miss Martha Moseley, Mrs. Laura Ware, Miss Nancy Anne Courtney, and Mr. Harold Tharp.

SOU. BELL TEL. & TEL. CO. EMPLOYEES AIKEN, S. C.
January 12, 1955
PLANT DEPARTMENT

R. J. Lyons, Plant Manager; B. F. Culbreth, Plant Foreman; J. C. Hough, Plant Foreman; F. S. Smith, Central Office Foreman; A. R. Hahn, PF, Aiken, S. C; R. R. Craig, PF, Aiken, S. C.; Vivian H. Bishop, Marlene T. Rikard, Ida H. Thomas, L. Charlotte Swanner, Gertrude Sheppard, H. E. Ray, H. P. Fulmer, W. E. Bishop, J. F. Lyons, D. R. Quattlebaum, B. L. Connelly, K. L. Rinehart, W. R. Fortson, T. C. Hamby, Billy R. Williamson, T. G. Miller, J. A. Salter, F. L. Augustine, W. H. Bedenbaugh, W. C. Timmerman, J. R. Brown, M. D. Cox, M. D. Hall, Charlie C. Marshall, J. R. Gantt, Cyril Asbill, Jr., J. C. Herrington, P. F. Hall, H. G. Bledsoe, J. L. Johnson, H. H. McGrady, Thelma C. Johnson, Phillip Watson, M. P. Thomas, H. L. Thomas, D. E. Miller, H. E. Miller, F. P. Corley, N. E. Wad-dell, J. E. King, J. P. Herrin, T. W. Bennett, J. F. Wilson.

CONSTRUCTION DEPARTMENT

R. D. Turner, Supervising Const. Foreman; W. A. Smith, Plant Contract Svr.; W. E. Horn, Line Foreman; E. E. Gilland, Line Foreman; H. E. Fulmer, Cable Splicing Foreman; Frances Busbee, F. B. Leopard, F. C. Forrest, Roy Burkett, C. A. Hallman, D. E. Clamp, J. W. DeVore, III, D. L. Durst, M. E. Clement, C. R. Phibbs.

ENGINEERING

J. E. Land, Supervising Engineer; C. D. Poe, R. B. Behling, J. W. Fowler, Pearlious Miller, Marianne Femell.

SOU. BELL TEL. & TEL. CO. EMPLOYEES AIKEN, S. C.
January 17, 1955
TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT

Mrs. Eugenia Bishop, Chief Operator; Mrs. Wynona Ennis, Evening Chief Operator; Mrs. Dora Bryant, Assistant Chief Operator; Miss Eva Swearingen, Assistant Chief Operator; Mrs. Juanita Lewis, Night Chief Operator; Mrs. Ravenal Bell, Supervising Central Office Clerk; Mrs. Essie McKee, Service Assistant; Mrs. Evelyn Smoak, Service Assistant; Mrs. Iness Talbert, Clerk; Mrs. Mattleen Babb, Mrs. Barbara Beasley, Miss Margaret Boatwright, Mrs. Virginia Brackett, Mrs. Patricia Cantrell, Mrs. Lois Carver, Mrs. Clara Connelly, Mrs. Bettie Counts, Mrs. Louise Cupp, Miss Carole Dance, Mrs. Jessie Day, Mrs. Mae Downey, Mrs. Evelyn Finnegan, Mrs. Dorothy Greene, Mrs. Juno Greenwood, Miss Lona Gregory, Miss Annie Grice, Mrs. Elizabeth Hall, Mrs. Lucile Hall, Mrs. Hilda Hull, Mrs. Barbara Icard, Mrs. Elaine Jackson, Mrs. Beatrice Jones, Mrs. Jeanne Kneece, Mrs. Joan Larlee, Mrs. Marjorie Locklear, Miss Mildred Lott, Mrs. Joyce McGrady, Miss Nell Moore, Miss Mary Moseley, Mrs. Thelma O'Barr, Mrs. Margaret Page, Mrs. Bertha Powell, Mrs. Mary Proctor, Mrs. Alberta Redd, Mrs. Elizabeth Scott, Mrs. Leslie Shores, Mrs. Jeanette Smith, Mrs. LaVerne Stacks, Mrs. Alma Stanley, Mrs. Mary Still, Mrs. Betty Strickland, Mrs. Joanne Summer, Mrs. Ella Wells, Miss Bettie Woodward.

(photo - unable to copy) Left to right: Albert Howell, editor of The Aiken Standard and Review; Mrs. Annie Howell King, owner and publisher; William Howell, business manager. In the left hand corner is the painting of Benjamin J. King, founder of the paper. The following are some of the employees of the paper:

Robert F. Ussery, 1907-1957; John Futch, Willie Gallman, 1934-1957 (colored); Wilbur Wright, 1916-1957; Ed Kenney, Sue Howard, Claude Musselwhite, Mrs. Claude Musselwhite, Mrs. Grace Lowther, 1951-1957; Mrs. Dolly Lott, George Rogers, Franklin Jacques, Luther Porter, 1942-1957; George Bell, Mrs. George Bell, Percy Wilson, Ted Hamilton, Tom Wright, Dixon Kilbourne, W. G. Howell 1934-1957; A. T. Howell, 1943-1957. McCleskey Gorlych, general contributor.

OUR NEWSPAPERS

April 6, 1867 will go down in the history of Aiken County as the date of the first newspaper publication on this side of the Savannah River. Soon after the close of hostilities between the states the foundation of literary and cultural activities were inaugurated in this vicinity. The end of one period and the beginning of a new era.

When the first edition rolled from the press the name AIKEN PRESS was officially launched. Henceforth the paper was published Thursday of each week. R. H. Machen was proprietor and H. D. Machen was the publisher. The Editor, H. W. Ravenel, preserved the first copy which is now in possession of the Ashhurst family, his descendants.

Let's compare that early edition with some of the present day publications. Obituaries and all communications of private interest were termed advertisements and charged for by the inch. Not so different from today. The subscription rate $3 a year. (For those times an exhorbitant price, it would seem by present day prices.)

Jokes and poems were then the rage. For example: Counsel: "Now, Sir, on your oath, were you born in Ireland?"

Witness: (In solemn tones) "Although present at the event, I swear on my oath I have no recollection of the occasion."

Another: There is a man in New Orleans who sleeps in the Mississippi River to keep cool on hot nights. He's a single man.

Give me a kiss, my charming Sal, A lover said to a blue eyed gal; I shan't, says she, you lazy elf, Shut your trap, and help yourself.

Advertisement: BOOKS AND STATIONERY-Wood and Co.

Announcements: For all courses of study, same as extensive similar institutions—music and calisthenics. For terms address: B. O. Mauldin-Aiken, S. C.

Raffle: A lady's gold watch—A watch and chain—chances 50 cents — At W. Hunting's Drug Store.

Directory: Executive Officers of South Carolina. Hon. James L. Orr, Governor. Hon. William Porter, Lt. Governor—President of the Senate.

Officers for the Territory embracing Aiken County: Jonathan Steadman, Aiken; John Williams, Aiken; Jarrett Burckhalter, Aiken; Patterson, Aiken; Frederick A. Ford, Aiken; Josiah Kadle, near Windsor; Salles Randall, near Aiken; W. E. Armstrong, Williston; H. M. Myers, Barnwell; J. G. Smith, Williston; H. W. McClain, Low Town Well's Section.

Municipal Officers, Aiken 1867. William Henry Wise, Independent; William H. Harbers, W. Monroe Steadman, Henry Hahn, Edward H. A. Oakley, Gardens; L. E. Cummings, Town Marshal.

MEETINGS: The Town Council met monthly.

LAWYERS AND NOTARIES: Frederick A. Ford, W. Per-roneau Finley, Bethel F. Rogers.

POSTMASTER: Robert Corkin.

TELEGRAPH OPERATOR: Charles A. Lathrop.

MAGISTRATES AT GRANITEVILLE: James J. Gregg, David A. Bodie.

A column advertisement stressed Patent Medicines—Turnip seed. A column was devoted to Fields and Orchards.

MEDICAL CARD: Dr. S. Miller, Town Hall, Brick Building.

Buggy Builder: W. M. Steadman. Boot and Shoe Maker: Alex Spencer. Bakery: S. P. Field—Old Establishment Stand.

DENTIST: Dr. G. McDonald.

GOOD FRESH BREAD: P. W. Lupo, Baker.

Since the year 1867 many newspapers have been established. Their records more or less accurate have been preserved. The name "JOURNAL" and "REVIEW" were popular, with the title "REVIEW" still retained.

John McRay founded the Courier-Journal in 1869. The publication changed hands ten years later when F. B. Henderson took over. In the year 1879 Thomas J. Adams founded the AIKEN REVIEW. This publication finally went into the hands of Angus P. Brown and W. Quitman Davis.

In the early part of 1880 L. C. Ligon and M. C. Hammond formed a partnership which purchased the REVIEW, at that time taking the name of the JOURNAL AND REVIEW. Ligon was joined by John C. Hutson and for several years they operated the enterprise. In 1889 W. L. Washburn purchased an interest in the publication, which continued to operate until the death of Ligon when Washburn ran the publication until September 28th, 1904.

It was in the year 1904 that James F. Byrnes and A. K. Lorenz assumed control of the paper. Under the new management the paper began to be published semi-weekly and the circulation figures showed 2,600 subscribers. The paper now covered every section of Aiken County.

1907 saw the installation of the first linotype machine in this section of the state. Their first Christmas issue was in 32 pages. The same year had witnessed the erection of a newspaper plant on Richland Avenue.

The Byrnes-Lorenz partnership continued until October 12, 1912. When Byrnes withdrew, with A. K. Lorenz continuing the operation until October 19, 1935.

During the year 1915 Walter E. Duncan had established the Aiken Standard. This paper he successfully operated until 1935.

Other publications that from time to time flourished can be chronicled as the Aiken Recorder, established in the 80's, under the management of A. P. Ford (former legislator partner of the writer) from Charleston and the Rev. W. A. McCracken. During the days of South Carolina's Ben Tillman, the Aiken Times was founded. A reform Movement which was well patronized by the Tillmanites. The Aiken Times was strictly a Tillman organ. This paper was edited by a young lawyer, W. G. Towns, assisted by Col. John D. Gaston and Captain J. M. Richardson (Now residing in New York City).

Another publication that wielded great influence was the Horse Creek Valley News, which began operation in Warrenville in 1910. The editor was J. R. Gantt with its debut made under the directorship of the Honorable George R. Webb, one time Aiken County representative in the legislature and for many years serving as Probate Judge. Three years after the paper was founded it moved to Aiken and became known as the Aiken Sentinel, which later was absorbed by the Lorenz publication. A thrill of publications burst at both Wagener and North Augusta but never survived for any length of time.

The year 1935 witnessed the truly great reformation of newspaper publishing in Aiken. The late Benjamin Josey King appeared upon the scene and purchased the two existing publications and combined them under the trade name of the "Aiken Standard and Review." He initiated an editorial and a business policy which has made the Aiken Standard and Review one of the nation's most discussed "small town" publications.

King operated this paper until his death in 1951. The publication, under his guidance, became a great influence in the community. It wielded many reforms, politically, religiously and cultural. Ben King was a highly religious character and the influence he exerted over the affairs of Aiken will remain more a monument to him than any that could be chiseled in cold granite.

At the passing of Ben King, his wife, Annie Howell King, strolled to the helm and steered the publication to heights that marvel former owners of the old publications. With womanly instinct she immediately started out to publish a 5-times a week paper. The response was so favorable that it seemed almost unbelievable.

Today Annie King is one of the nation's few women editors, publishers and managers, operating their own publications. Associated with Mrs. King are her brother, Albert T. Howell, acting editor, and another brother, Wilbur G. Howell, as business and advertising manager.

Mrs. King is a leading figure in every newspaper project of importance, both locally and nationally. She holds high office in the State and National Editorial associations. Today, in 1955, the

Aiken Standard and Review is enjoying the greatest circulation in the history of Aiken newspapers. Advertisement has become voluminous and the editorial and special feature department under the wise guidance of Albert Howell, compares favorably with any metropolitan publication.

Aiken County has the honor to salute every publisher from the Machens to the Kings. As the 89th anniversary of the publication of Aiken newspapers is being observed the entire population of Aiken County congratulates each and every owner on their contribution to this community with a debt of gratitude that will always remain unpaid.

(photo - unable to copy) ALVA K. LORENZ spent the greater part of his life in newspaper work. Born in 1878, he took a job as galley boy in the "Aiken Recorder," operated by McCracken and Ford, when eleven years old. Later, was employed by Ligon and Washburn in the Aiken "Journal & Review" as printer and reporter.

Entered the University of South Carolina in 1898, and graduated in 1902. Returned to Aiken to take up his old job in the Journal & Review.

In 1904, formed a partnership with James F. Byrnes, and the partnership was continued until 1907, when Mr. Byrnes was elected to Congress.

In 1915, he was, appointed Postmaster at Aiken when Woodrow Wilson was president and served two terms, the second term ending in 1923.

The paper was operated under his management until 1935, when ill health forced him to sell the paper.

He married Lida Hutson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John C. Hutson, of Aiken, and they have one daughter, Lida Lorenz, now Mrs. William Buck Spark-man of Aiken. The Sparkmans have two children, Lucie Randolph Sparkman and William Buck Sparkman, Jr.

(photo - unable to copy) Walter E. Duncan was editor of the Aiken Standard. He served as comptroller General of South Carolina from 1923 to 1927. He was executive secretary for Governor Richard I. Manning. His son, Alderman Duncan, became the principal owner of the Aiken Standard in 1934, and later became an executive with the Associated Press.

(photo - unable to copy) Mrs. Bessie Alderman Duncan, daughter of Sheriff Owen Alderman, was married to Walter Duncan on December 7, 1904. She assisted her husband and her son in the publishing of the Aiken Standard.

(photo - unable to copy) OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE FARMERS AND MERCHANTS BANK
Seated from left to right: P. K. McNair, Sr., W. D. McNair, Sr., J. M. Venning, E. S. Henderson. Standing from left to right: Bertie Bates, Isabel Howard, J. C- Thomas, Robert R. Toole, E. A. McCreary, T. C. Weeks, James D. McNair.

F&M BANK OBSERVES FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY

(Issue of February 27, 1956 — Aiken Standard of Review)

On October 6, 1906, one of the older institutions of our city was born. On that date the Farmers and Merchants Bank was granted a Charter to operate as a Commercial Bank. For this institution, the year 1956 is a milestone of 50 years of continuous service to the community. The officers and directors are therefore proudly announcing this year as their 50th Anniversary.

Its organizer and 1st President was J. P. McNair. The names appearing on the 1st Charter were J. P. McNair, Capt. E. H. Wyman, John M. Given and R. W. McCreary, all of whom are deceased. On November 19, 1912, the Charter was amended by an increase in the capital stock to $68,000.00. The names appearing on this document were: I. N. Eubanks, R. W. McCreary, C. L. Weeks, G. K. Toole, and J. P. McNair. J. P. McNair its organizer and President for 35 years, died in 1942. The present officers and directors include W. D. McNair, President, P. K. McNair, Vice-President and Trust Officer, James D. McNair, Cashier, and W. D. McNair, J. C. Thomas, E. A. McCreary, R. R. Toole, E. S. Henderson, J. M. Venning, T. Clifton Weeks and P. K. McNair as directors.

In 1932 when so many of the banks through the nation were closed, the Fanners and Merchants Bank remained open, except during the Bank holiday declared by the U. S. Government.

The present officers and directors are proud of the record established by this institution, now well in its 50th consecutive year. The principles of sound, conservative banking, which have always characterized its operation, is still its motto. Beginning its operation in 1906 when business conditions were at a low ebb, it has grown through the years, and now boasts of assets totaling $8,141,996.28, as of December 31, 1955. This total is for the one bank in Aiken. It has no branches.

The Farmers and Merchants Bank is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation with individual deposits guaranteed up to $10,000.00.

(photo - unable to copy) SCENE IN THE OLD BANK OF WESTERN CAROLINA-Left to right: W. W. Muckenfuss, Henry Dibble, President; Claus Busch, Harry Faning, Rembert DuBose, and Rev. L. E. Duggan, pastor of St. John's Methodist Church.

SOME OF THE OFFICERS OF THE STATE BANK AND TRUST COMPANY

(photo - unable to copy) DEWEY H. JOHNSON, President
(photo - unable to copy) FRANK P. HENDERSON Director Ex-Mayor of Aiken
(photo - unable to copy) SIMS HILL Vice-President

SOME EMPLOYEES OF THE STATE BANK AND TRUST CO.

(photo - unable to copy)WILLIAM ELLINGTON, Jr.
(photo - unable to copy) S. W. PERRY, Jr.
(photo - unable to copy) ELIZABETH S. DeLOACH
(photo - unable to copy) SADIE WEST
(photo - unable to copy) MRS. JEAN THOMPSON Assistant Manager State Bank & Trust Co.

AIKEN FEDERAL SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION Chartered December 1951
Paid Out Dividends $400,161.38 ASSTS-To December, 1956-$5,629,724.49

DIRECTORS: Frank R. Briggs, Ford Motors, Wagener; E. E. Child, Aiken; Mrs. Mary Q. Harley, Educator, North Augusta; H. Earle Holley, Ford Motors, Aiken; William C. Lott, Industrialist, Graniteville; Don A. Miller, General Manager duPont Savannah River Plant, Aiken; Chas. E. Simons, Jr., Lybrand, Simons & Smith, Attorneys, Aiken; A. L. Slade, Sr., Slade Lumber Company, Edge-field; Dr. J. Wm. Thurmond, Director, Georgia Railroad Bank, No. Augusta Banking Co., North Augusta.

OFFICERS: E. E. Child, President; H. E. Holley, Vice President; A. A. Bomba, Vice President; Mrs. Betty Pardue, Secretary; Mrs. C. C. Anderson, Treasurer.

MERCANTILE AND PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
CLASSIFIED 1957

ACCOUNTANTS-E. A. Burckhalter, 1121 Newberry St.; Mrs. Delia Scott Woodward, White Pond, S. C.

INSURANCE ADJUSTERS-James C. Greene Co., Johnson Bldg., Silas K. Knight.

AIR CONDITIONING AND HEATING-Edward M. Brown, 652 Park Ave.; Raymond A. Cook, Robert L. Stevens, 907 Whiskey Rd., George G. Kimball, 1931 Hayne Ave.; Dan Gilman, Montmorenci Rd.

ALIGNMENT SERVICE-Charles C. Beason, 814 Pendleton St.

AMUSEMENT DEVICES-Tom Davis, Park Ave. Extension.

ARCHITECTS, ENGINEERS AND SURVEYORS-W. E. Hall-man, John W. Weems, Croft Building; J. H. Johnson, A.I.A., Johnson Building; Stanford Woodhurst, Jr., Gilbert J. O'Brien, 2210

Wyman St.; S. Perrin Toole----Hilltop Drive; Harry D. McCarty, ----Edgefield Rd.; Paul F. Hankinson, — Reynolds Pond Road; ----------Hartley, Monetta, S. C; **A few engineers and surveyors of long ago, A. D. DeCardeau vaie of Montmorenci,----------Crosland in the 1880 and 1890's, Aiken, S. C; H. D. Ott, Bethcar Section; Earley Sawyers, Jones's Crossroad Section; John N. Hankinson, White Pond, S. C; W. W. Wise, Augusta, Ga.;-------------- Phillips, Ascauga Lake; L. H. McCullough, Aiken, S. C; **These and few others have laid out the property lines of the farms and lots etc. of Aiken County.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGNER-C. F. Lokey, 1824 Richland Ave.

ATTORNEYS-Lybrand, Simons, Smith, Dorcey Lybrand, Charles E. Simons, Jr., Marvin I. Smith, Weeks Bldg.; Williams & Busbee, John F. Williams, Henry Busbee, John H. Williams and Robert E. Johnson, Newberry St.; Toole & Toole, Attorneys, Johnson Bldg.; Frampton W. Toole, Sr., Frampton Toole, Jr., Gasper L. Toole, III; Garvin, Williamson & Grant; Ram Bldg.; L. A. Garvin, H. K. Williamson, G. H. Grant; Henderson, Salley & Cushman, Laurens St.; P. Finley Henderson, Elmore S. Henderson, Julian B. Salley, Jr., Edward C. Cushman, Jr. ***J. M. Spigner; John A. May, Weeks Bldg.; M. A. Wilder; Benjamin Surasky; J. Manning Poliakoff.

AUTOMOBILE DEALERS-Burgess Motor Co., 1307 York St., Bill Burgess; Holley Motor Co., 910 Laurens St.; H. Earle Holley, Jr., T. E. Killingsworth, L. C. Roberson; Hollingsworth Chev. Co., 1932 Park Ave.; E. S. Hollingsworth, S. D. Koon, Walter H. Mays, Pete Murphy; McElmurray Pontiac, 710 Park Ave.; W. H. McElmurray: Parker Motors, 826 Pendleton St., J. E. Parker; Tygard Buick Co.; 601 Richland Ave., John H. Tygard and H. S. Hightower; Whittle Brothers; 1800 Richland Ave.; L. H. Whittle; Young's Used Cars; 417 Park Ave.; William Young.

AUTO PARTS-Aiken Auto Parts; 816 Pendleton St.; C. H. Parks; Auto Parts & Equipment Co., 1606 Columbia Rd.; Don W. Ropp.

AUTO REPAIRS AND WRECKERS, BODY AND FENDER, RADIATORS AND WELDING-Gibbs Auto Wrecking Co., Columbia Rd.; W. T. Gibbs; C. H. Henkes Paint & Body Shop, 2705 Vaucluse Rd., Clair H .Henkes; Raborn Brothers, Columbia Highway, Burns, Theodore and W. H. Raborn.

BAKERIES-Aiken Home Bakery, 921 Laurens St., J. M. Fraser; Claussens Sons, Inc., Augusta, Ga., N. L. Blemker.

BANKS—Farmers & Merchants Bank, Laurens St.; W. D. McNair, Sr.; P. K. McNair, James D. McNair, Isabel C. Howard, Margorie T. Thomas, Elise Schulhofer, Christine Sawyer, Lizzie Richardson, Ida Courtney, Rebecca Johnson, Mildred Banes, Mary S. Duncan. State Bank & Trust Co.; Laurens St., Dewey H. Johnson, Sims Hill, W. W. Ellington, Jr.; Paul Field, G. O. Robinson, Mrs. G. O. Robinson, Mrs. Elizabeth Deloach, Mrs. Marjorie Rogers, W. O. Monohon, Mrs. Louise Cowert.

BUS SERVICE-Greyhound and Southeastern on Fairfield St., near Richland Ave., Mrs. Elizabeth Burckhalter Walton, Manager, Willie Carler, Porter.

BARBER SHOPS-Brewer & Zorn, 1402 Park Ave.; Moore's Barber Shop, Richland Ave.; Randall Bros., Laurens St., B. D. Randall; P. L. Love Barber Shop, Six Points, S. C.

BEAUTY SHOPS-Chesterfield Court Beauty Shop, 820 Chesterfield St., Mrs. Lois Raffield; Lela's Beauty Shoppe, 17 Aldrich St., Lela B. Robinson; Virginia Acres Beauty Shop, 1046 Whiskey Rd., Betty C. Temple.

BEER & ALE (WHOLESALE)-Aiken Produce Co, 712 Williamsburg St., Fred R. Tredaway and Jack Rackley; Southern Beer Distributors, Augusta, Ga., Lombard Warehouse No. 4.

BEVERAGES-Aiken Beverage Co, 710 Williamsburg St., Stathy Verenes; Aiken Coca-Cola Bottling Co, 1329 York St., H. Gary Anderson, Jr., Lewis Willing, L. D. Fields, Jr., Mrs. Irvin Smith.

BOARDING HOUSES-Melba Inn, 2311 Hayne Ave, Mrs. J. N. Spivey; Old Aiken Inn, 1505 Park Ave, Mrs. Valree M. Durden;.The White House, 1711 Richland Ave., Mrs. Reva Ricks.

BOOKS-The Book Shop, 1704 Park Ave, Mrs. J. Monroe George.

BOWLING-The Aiken Bowl, 1001 Whiskey Rd, Thomas H. Crouch.

BUILDING MATERIALS-Aiken Building Supply Co, 920 Williamsburg St., C. B. Anderson, T. E. Ferguson, Wm. T. Baynham; B. T. Dyches & Son, 810 Fairfield St., B. T. Dyches, Sr., B. T. Dyches, Jr.; Montgomery & Crawford Bldg. Supplies, 700 Williamsburg St., W. W. Packmon, R. L. Edwards; Slade, Arnold Supply Co, Inc., Columbia Rd, A. D. Arnold.

CATALOGUE SALES OFFICE-Sears, Roebuck & Co, 830 Laurens St., Mrs. Pearl Carson.

CEMETERIES-Bethany Cemetery, Corner Hampton Ave. and Laurens St.; Aiken Memorial Park, Farmers & Merchants Bank Bldg, George Noah; Sunset Memory Gardens, Inc., Room 2, Johnson Bldg, Charles Mobley and R. L. Grover.

CHINAWARE-Emrich China & Supply Co, 806 Richland Page Two Hundred-eighty-eight

90 Years in Aiken County Ave., Arthur Emrich and T. V. Barker.

CHIROPRACTORS-Dr. D. E. Bowen, 3007 Augusta Rd.; Dr. C. C. Thrasher, 2800 Augusta Rd.

CLEANERS AND LAUNDRIES- Franklin Cleaners & Laundry, 1830 Park Ave., W. C. Franklin; New York Cleaners, Whiskey Road, Charles R. Halston; Osbon's Laundry & Cleaners, 812 Pen-dleton St., A. J. Osbon; Pat's Laundrette, 1015 Richland Ave., Mose H. Fogel; Thomas Laundry & Cleaning Co., 917 Laurens St., Frank Sloan, Mrs. Frank Sloan, Gail Sloan; Warneke Cleaners & Laundry Service, 839 Newberry St., Herman J. Warneke, Hattie W. Warneke, W. Aubrey Rogers.

CONCRETE PRODUCTS-Aiken Concrete Co., 700 Berkeley St., George F. Lucas; Southeastern Concrete Co., 1300 Hampton Ave., Fred B. Barker.

CONTRACTORS-BUILDING-Gollihugh Brothers, 901 Ken-Drive, A. T. Gollihugh; Rubye V. Ratchford, College Acres, Rubye V. Ratchford, T. B. Youngblood, Fred H. Drewes; J. W. Rushton, 623 Orangeburg St.; West Construction Co., 120 Westdale Ave., Win. C. West, and George West.

CONTRACTORS-GENERAL-Norman Bonnett, 1410 Hampton Ave., Norman Bonnett, Mrs. Norman Bonnett; Combs-McDonald & Parks, 219 Banks Mill Rd., R. D. McDonald; Davenport Development Co., Highway 781, Jesse E. Smith; Herbert W. Stiefel, 798 Richland Ave.

CREDIT BUREAU-Credit Bureau of Aiken, 930 Bonnie Lane, Wm. C. Burgess.

DAIRIES-Coble Dairy Products, Whiskey Rd., Frank Corpening and B. D. Shealy; Holley's Dairy Farm, Whiskey Road, Harold F. Holley; Claude Brown Dairy, Redds Branch.

DAIRY QUEEN-Dairy Queen, 902 Whiskey Rd., Walter E. Stanko.

DEPARTMENT STORES-Aiken J. B. White Store, 1813 Richland Ave., J. C. Lovell, James Phillips, Martha White, Grace Pardue; Belk's Dept. Store, 847 Laurens St., Franklin Howard, James Phillips, Clive Stringfield, Jack Dorr; Franzblau's Dept.

Store, 822 Laurens St., Mrs. Nettie Franzblau; The Leader, Laurens St., Isadore Wolf; B. C. Moore & Sons, 804 Laurens St., R. W. Small; Perskey's Dept. Store, 848 Laurens St., Mrs. Nathan Pers-key, or Nathan Perskey; B. M. Surasky's, 842 Laurens St., Mandle Surasky, or Mrs. Belle D. Surasky; H. B. Bryant Dept. Store, 3108 Vaucluse Rd.

DENTISTS-Dr. Conald C. Corbitt, 1825 Barnwell Ave.; Dr. G. A. Milner, Miss Maud Woodward, Assistant Dentist, Farmers & Merchants Bank Bldg.; Dr. W. W. Molony, 1542 Park Ave.; Dr. F. M. Norman, Farmers & Merchants Bank Bldg.

DRUGGISTS-Aiken Drug Co., 869 Laurens St., R. L. Faith; Blakes Pharmacy, 866 Laurens St., Dr. H. E. Blake, Jr.; Carolina Pharmacy, 3104 Vaucluse Rd., Dr. H. E. Blake, Sr.; Davis Pharmacy, 1500 Park Ave., Dr. O. R. Davis; Platt Rexall Drug Store, 857 Laurens St., H. E. Platt, Jr.; Woodruff Drug Store, Whiskey Rd., Tom Woodruff.

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES-Auto Supply & Appliance Co., 1802 Park Ave., D. M. McMillan; George Electric Co., 1506 Park Ave., J. E. George, Jr.; Griffin Tire Service, 916 Laurens St.; Jones Electric Co., 2016 Hayne Ave.; Western Auto Associate Store, 913 Laurens St., Morgan D. Sellers.

ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS-Barsh Electric Service, 2008 Hayne Ave., J. B. Barsh; G. B. Weaver & Sons, 101 Short St., C. P. Weaver; Willkie Electric Co., 2913 Catawba St., M. T. Willk.

S. C. ELECTRIC & GAS CO.-Aiken Electric Cooperative, Wagener Rd., W. H. Schreiner, Dan Magness, Thomas Craig, Mrs. Agnes Dean; S. C. Elec. & Gas Co., 800 Laurens St., J. R. McTeer, W. A. Cooper, G. C. Croft.

FARM EQUIPMENT-Aiken Tractor & Implement Co., 708 Park Ave., U. A. Brown.

FIRESTONE TIRES & BATTERIES-Buchanan Home & Auto Supplies, 837 Laurens St., R. L. Buchanan or Mrs. R. L. Buchanan.

FISH-Charlie's Fish Market-East Hayne Ave., Charles Alvanos.

FLORISTS-The Flower Shop, 1026 Park Ave., Mrs. W. D. Barton; Hite Floral Co., 930 Chesterfield St., Tracy L. Hite; Aiken Flowers & Gifts, 724 York St., Mrs. Eleanora Lewis.

FLOUR & FEED STORE-Birdsey Flour & Feed Store, 805 Newberry St., M. A. Woodward.

FUNERAL HOME-George Funeral Home, 1801 Park Ave., Albert M. George, Otto E. George or Edward D. George.

FURNITURE-Culler s Half Acre, 3611 Augusta Rd., W. D. Culler; Redd-Allan Furniture Co., 1929 Hayne Ave., Ellis A. Redd; Rhodes Furniture Co., 821 Laurens St., James Fountain; Rudnick Furniture Co., 820 Laurens St., Harold Rudnick.

GAS COMPANIES-Atlanta Gas Light Co., 1931 Park Ave., Wayne Thompson, Mrs. Ann Cooper; Carolina Butane Gas Co., 1924 Hayne Ave., C. A. Smoak.

GIFTS-Summer's Cloth & Gift Shop, 1052 Whiskey Rd., James B. Summer.

GRADING-Aiken Grading Co., Whiskey Rd., R. G. Amick.

GROCERIES-Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co., 1720 Park Ave., K. E. Story, Ernest Butler, Jr., Mrs. Katherine Hendrix; Mitchell Shopping Center, Eugene C. Hallman, Julian Proctor, Dan Galloway; Broadway Super Market, Route 19, Mr. Bateman; Colonial Store, 1810 Richland Ave., O. G. Freeman; Mitchell Shopping Center,'Mr. J. R. Heaton, J. V. Combs; Deaton's Super Mkt., 3110 Vaucluse Rd., Leroy Deaton; Efron's Super Mkt., 1428 Park Ave., Jake Efron; Fulmer's Super Mkt., 605 Charleston St., Jutson Ful-mer, Jr.; Knight's Cut Rate Mkt., 2707 Vaucluse Rd., Robert M. Knight; Oak Ridge Groceries, Whiskey Rd.; The Parlor Mkt., 1602 Columbia Rd., David H. George; Sam's Super Mkt., 1232 York St., Sam Shanker; Schulhofer's Grocery, 726 Newberry St., Fritz A. Schulhofer; E. J. Seigler & Son, Wire Rd., E. J. Seigler; Still's Mkt., 1432 Park Ave., G. R. Still; L W. Woodward Grocery Co., Scott's Lake; Six Points Service Station and Groceries, Louis Welch; Bannon's Variety Store & Groceries, Mr. and Mrs. W. C. O. Bannon.

HARDWARE AND HOUSEWARES-Laurel Hardware Store, 1916 Richland Ave.; Millbrook Hdwe., Whiskey Rd., J. Francis Kremser; Powell Hardware, 1706 Park Ave., W. C. Cain; Wise &

Mobley Hardware Co., 900 Laurens St.;------Jones, Edgefield Rd.

CARPENTER BROS.-Piggly-Wiggly, 1302 York St, Aiken, S. C. Owners, Thos. G. Carpenter, J. D. Carpenter, Grocery Manager, J. B. Morgan, Meat Dept, Luther G. Whittle, Gen. Market Manager, Mrs. Thos G. Carpenter.

PALACE MARKET-Groceries and Meats, Owner Mrs. Cora Chapman Taylor, Manager Edgar O. Taylor.

HARDWARE AND FURNITURE-Holley Hardware Co, 853 Laurens St, S. E. Holley, F. L. Holley.

HOTELS-Commercial Hotel, Richland Ave, L. B. Holley; Henderson Hotel, Chesterfield St, Charles Todd, G. S. Hobbs, Mrs. Katherine Waitt, Mrs. Osteen, Hostess; Willcox Hotel, 1704 Colleton Ave, A. S. Willcox; Parkview Hotel, Park Ave, A. S. Lask.

INDIVIDUALS-Robert C. Blair, Kalmia Hill; Mrs. Sarah H. Busch, 1029 Pendleton St.; H. M. Cassels, Barnard Rd. No. 4; C. B. Cave, 193 Hickory Rd.; Mrs. Cleo Cholakis, 1906 Park Ave.; Ira E. Coward, Millbrook Rd.; Mrs. Alice J. Fritzlen; E. M. Hanna, Chief of Police, Aiken Police Dept. of Aiken, Hayne Ave.; Frank P. Henderson, 1021 Laurens St.; Mrs. C. Oliver Iselin, Hopelands, Whiskey Road; Col. Ragnar E. Johnson, Wagener Rd.; Mrs. Wilhelmina Moody, Aiken County Welfare Dept, Williamsburg St.; R. E. Mooney, Aiken County Hospital, Richland Ave.; Fred Post, Wm. Post & Sons, Two Notch Road; A. J. Rutland, Aiken County Supt. of Education, Eustis Park; D. W. Smith, 2620 Augusta Rd.; G. L. Toole, Sr, Vaucluse Rd.; Audley Ward, Agricultural Bldg.; Wm. Boal Wood, Whiskey Rd.

INSURANCE-GENERAL-Aiken Insurance Agency, Farmers & Merchants Bank Bldg, John M. Hunter; Hayes & Hayes, 1929 Park Ave., Mrs. Ruth L. Hayes; Holley Insurance Agency, 1827 Barnwell Ave.; The Prudence Company, 1912 Park Ave, W. R. Thigpen, A. A. Bomba; Wilkinson & Associates, 1416 Park Ave, T. Albert Wilkinson, Jr.; Raymond L. Willis, 1914 Highland Ave.

JEWELERS—J. Gaston Albea, Laurens St.; Burgess Jewelers, Laurens St.; Frank J. Holmes, 909 Laurens St.; Friedman's Jewelers, Laurens St.

KAOLIN CLAY PRODUCERS AND PRODUCTS-J. M. Huber Corp., Langley, S. C, C. H. Marvin, Jr., J. S. Boers; National Kaolin Products Co., Columbia Rd., M. E. Davis, T. R. Tarrant; Southeastern Clay Co., Weeks Bldg., W. B. Winans, Thos. F. Maurice, Wm. H. Winans.

LABOR ORGANIZATIONS-Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators & Paper Hangers of America Local 1756, 521 4th Ave., M. Hill; International Union of Operating Engineers, 904 Pendleton St., F. S. Cupps.

LAWN MOWERS-Aiken Lawn Mower & Saw Shop, 1029 Williamsburg St., J. D. Chase.

LIFE TNSURANCE-Carolina Life Ins. Co., 817 Chesterfield St., E. A. Whitfield; Life Ins. of Georgia, 845 Laurens St., W. A. Nease; Elric S. Pinckney, Travelers Ins. Co., 928 Berrie Road; J. M. Sprawls, New York Life Ins. Co., 2814 Augusta Road.

LIQUOR—Andrew Sango Liquor Store, 1404 Park Ave., E. R. Shuler; Surasky's Liquor Store, 1914 Park Ave., H. B. Surasky.

LOANS-The Etheredge Co., 1441 Park Ave., Cecil M. Ether-edge; Modern Finance Co., 1841 Hayne Ave., S. W. Epps; The Prudence Company, 1912 Park Ave., W. R. Thigpen, A. A. Bomba.

LUGGAGE AND LEATHER GOODS-Southhampton Sad-dlery Co., 843 Laurens St., Max Bozick.

LUMBER-Aiken Lumber Co., Park Ave., M. K. Kneece, G. A. Townes, Jr.; Coney-Davies Lumber Co., 799 Richland Ave., Oliver Biggs, J. W. Hilton, Mrs. Eliz. Zelnak; Crown Planing Mills, Columbia Road, Paul Thompson, Jr.

MAGAZINES & BOOKS-

MANUFACTURERS-Graniteville Co., Graniteville, S. C, F. A. Townsend, A. J. Cothran.

MEAT PACKERS-Rick's Meat Packers, — Wagener Rd., I. H. Ricks.

MEN'S FURNISHINGS-Owen, Thomas, McCreary, 862 Laurens St., Charles F. Thomas, W. A. McCreary, Manning K. Owen, Mrs. Arline Tetzlaff.

MORTGAGES, REAL ESTATE-Southern Mortgage Co., 922 Laurens St., Robert E. Kenney.

MOTELS-Hilltop Motel, Augusta Road, Paul Ahler, Charles Naomi; Paddock Motel, Augusta Road, R. O. Harrison, William Chew.

MOTOR FREIGHT LINES-Cotton States Motor Lines, Augusta Road, L. E. Cumbee.

NEWSPAPERS-Aiken Standard & Review, 1813 Richland Ave., Mrs. Annie King; Augusta Herald & Augusta Chronicle, 1319 Park Ave., Amelia Knoedler, James Sizemore, Jr., Mrs. Wilma M. Keel, Gene Owens.

OFFICE SUPPLIES-The Book Shop, 1704 Park Ave., J. Monroe George; Elliott Office Supply, 1909 Richland Ave., Carl P. Elliott.

OPTOMETRISTS-Dr. Raymond Kaplan, 834 Laurens St.; Dr. A. P. Majors, 817-A Laurens St.; Dr. W. C. Busch, Richland Ave.

PAINT CONTRACTORS-J. H. Wessinger, 929 Seminole Drive.

PAINT SUPPLIES-Paint Supply Co., 832 Laurens St., F. F. Cooner; Walter K. Murray, 511 Park Ave.; Painter and Decorator, Hammond Keel, 1307 Park Ave.

PEST CONTROL-Orkin Exterminating Co., Inc., 1929 Park Ave., W. H. Hite; Wright Pest Control, 1927 Hayne Ave., Fred P. Wright.

PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, GASOLINE AND FUEL OIL-P. G. Barnett, Texas Oil Co., Marlboro St.; C. H. Cowan, Inc., Gulf Oil Co., 716 Williamsburg St.; Esso Standard Oil Co.; Shell Oil Products, Rufus W. Gosnell; W. C. Jackson, Jr., Sinclair Refining Co., Williamsburg St.; Walter C. Plunkett, American Oil Co., Walter C. Plunkett, Jr.; Hallman Fuel Oil Co., 1801 York St., T. B. Hallman; Holley Fuel Co., 810 Union St., Leon L. Boyl-ston, Sr., Howard Oil Co., Sherry Lane, Franklin Howard.

PHOTOGRAPHERS AND PHOTO FINISHERS-John W. Busch, 1807 Richland; Lista Studios, 921 Laurens St.; Quattlebaum

Studio, 1926 Hayne Ave., H. H. Quattlebaum; O. C. Cator, 914 Pendleton St.

PHYSICIANS & SURCEONS-Dr. J. R. Howell, 2109 Rich-land Ave.; Dr. F. A. Kennedy, 802 Walterloo St.; Dr. T. J. Lattimore, 809 Lancaster St.; Dr. Phillip McNair, 802 Waterloo St.; Dr. W. D. McNair, 802 Waterloo St.; Dr. C. P. Meek, 802 Waterloo St.; Dr. James Rountree, 2103 Hayne Ave.; Dr. James Suhrer, Mitchell Shopping Center; Dr. H. D. Wyman, 1823 Barnwell Ave.

PHYSICIAN, OBSTETRICIAN AND GYNECOLOGIST-Dr. H. T. Hall, 826 Waterloo St.

PLUMBERS AND PLUMBING AND HEATING CON-TRACTORS-Bradley Plumbing & Heating Co., 815 Pendleton St., Walter and Wallace Bradley; Carmel M. Smith, 701 Spring St.

POOL ROOM -City Pool Room, 190Sy2 Richland Ave., A. R. Edwards.

PRINTERS & FINISHERS-Clearwater Finishing Co., Clear-water, S. C, Raymond L. Warner, Fred Myers, M. M. Dunham, S. G. Anderson.

PRINTING-The Aiken Press, 920 Laurens St., Mrs. Robert Goss; Aiken Standard and Review, Richland Ave., Mrs. Annie King; Braddy's Commercial Printing, 908 Pendleton St.; D. & R. Printers, 720 Horry St., Robert and Doris Esposito.

PRINTING AND OFFICE SUPPLIES-Tidwell Printing, Inc., Johnson Bldg., Ralph N. Dyer, Bruce Dyer, Ted Tidwell, George Tidwell.

RACING STABLES-F. Ambrose Clark Racing Stable, Barnard Road No. 2.

RADIO BROADCASTING STATIONS AND COMPANIES-WAKN Radio Station, Old Augusta Hwy., Randy Davidson, Allen Askins, Ronald Martin, Wayne Mashburn; WGAC Radio Station, Augusta, Ga., A. D. Willard, D. L. Alford.

RADIO AND TELEVISION SALES AND SERVICE-Marks TV Service, Whiskey Rd., Raymond A. Marks; The Radio Lab., 1922 Park Ave., H. M. Johnson, Jr.; Rockey's TV and Appliances, 1933 Hayne Ave., Russell E. Owens; Ted Wilds TV and HiFi Center, 914 Laurens St., Ted Wilds.

RAILWAY EXFRESS AGENCY-Railway Express Agency, 837 Park Ave., J. J. Whatley.

REAL ESTATE-Henrv Connell & Ralph Seigler, Contractors & Developers, 11 Roselyn Circle; Mattie C. Hall, Augusta Road; Homesteads, Inc., 33 Citadel Drive; H. E. Schutte, Robert E. Pen-land, Ram Building; F. Hamilton Dicks; Rubye V. Ratchford, College Acres, T. B. Youngblood, Rubye V. Ratchford, Fred H. Drewes; Price Bros., Inc., Weeks Bldg., Henry E. Price; Eulalie Salley, 1916 Park Ave.

REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE-J. W. Ashhurst, 811-A Laurens St., John W. Ashhurst; Durban's Agency, 811-B Laurens St., George A. Durban; Hayes & Hayes, 1929 Park Ave., Ruth L. Hayes; Hutson-Etheredge Agency, 805 Laurens St., Lewis E. Brown, Robert J. Ellison, Jr.; Florence Laird Agency, 1910 Park Ave., Robert M. Laird, Jr.; Lyon-Croft-Weeks Agency, 1814 Richland Ave., T. C. Weeks, Lucille S. Ouzts, H. O. Weeks; Eulalie Salley & Co., 1916 Park Ave., Eulalie Rutledge; Town & Country Real Estate, 1923 Hayne Ave., Mrs. Muriel Templin; Virginia Acres Realty Co., 1050 Whiskey Rd., Edw. F. Becker; Walter-Swingle, Ltd., Farmers & Merchants Bank Bldg., Joe L. Walker, Robert F. Swingle; W. P. Williams, 1922 Hayne Ave., W. P. Williams; Mrs. W. H. Hite, Secretary, R. H. Herndon, and Mrs. Bertha Hite, Bookkeeper.

RENTALS-Ram Realty Co., Ram Building, H. B. Ram.

RESTAURANTS-Aiken Coffee Shop, 809 Chesterfield St., John Hourdas; Aiken Supper Club, Reynolds Pond Rd., C. E. Lask; Big Wheel, Whiskey Rd., Louis Stinis; Commercial Hotel Coffee Shop, Richland Ave., L. B. Holley, F. E. Hollev; Dinner Bell, Laurens St., Roy Blanchard; Dixie Lee Drive-In, Augusta Rd., Bath, S. C, Lloyd Crytzer; Glass House Restaurant, Augusta Rd., Mrs. Manuel Rose; Henderson Hotel Dining Room, Chesterfield St., Charles Todd, G. S. Hobbs, Mrs. Katherine Waitt, Mrs. Nora Bishop Osteen, Hostess.

ROOF MAINTENANCE & REPAIR

COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL-Joe H. Wessinger, 929 Seminole Ave.

SAND-Gene Williams High Grade Sand, Augusta Rd., E. G. Williams.

SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION-Aiken Federal Savings & Loan Association, 1912 Park Ave., E. E. Child, Mrs. Betty Par-due, Mrs. Clarice Anderson.

SECRETARIAL SERVICE-The Letter Shop, 922 Laurens Street, Elizabeth G. Bancroft.

SEEDS-Coward Seed Co., F. W. Corley, H. C. Coward, Park Ave.

SERVICE STATIONS-Addie's Service Station, Gloverville, S. C; Canaday's Texaco Station, 1600 Park Ave.; Cushman's Gulf Station, 1809 Park Ave.; Dixon's Esso Service Station, 1813 Rich-land Ave.; Haywood's Service Station, 3112 Augusta Road; Johnson's Gulf Service Station, 1601 Richland Ave.; Lamb's Gulf Station, 1934 Park Ave.; Martin-Franklin Gulf Station, Richland Ave.; Owens Texaco Service Station, 145 Whiskey Road; Roberts Esso Servicenter, 2613 Augusta Road; Smalley's Shell Service, 102 Whiskey Road.

SEWING MACHINES-Singer Sewing Machine Co., 10 Mitchell Shopping Center, David B. Vail.

SHOES-Phillips Shoe Store, 851 Laurens St., C. T. Coleman.

SHOE REPAIR-Fox Shoe Repair Shop, Trudell Fox.

C & S DRIVE-INN-Vancluse Rd., W. A. Swint, Manager.

SIGN PAINTERS-Eubanks Signs, 2614 Richland Ave., George Eubanks.

SPORTING GOODS-Aiken Sporting Goods, 1836 Park Ave., Walter Burckhalter.

SURVEYORS-Jones & Murph Engineers & Surveyors, Croft Bldg., Charles M. Jones, Wesley S. Murphy S. Perrin Toole, Hilltop Drive.

TAVERN-The Turf Club, 1502 Park Ave., Louis Economos.

TAXICABS-Efron's Garage, 923 Laurens St.; Little Q. Taxi-cab, Richland Ave.

TELEPHONE COMPANY-Southern Bell Telephone & Telegraph Co., 731 Laurens St., C. W. Underwood, R. J. Lyons, J. E. Land.

THEATRES-Patricia Theatre, Laurens St., Cecil Farr; Rosemary Theatre, Laurens St.

TIRES-Paddoek Tire & Battery Service, Hayne Ave., Old Car-roE; Rogers Tire & Battery Service, 911 Laurens St., Walter B. Rogers.

VARIETY STORE-Mack's 5-10 & 25c Store, 860 Laurens St., George A. Thomas; McCrory Stores Corp., P. E. Tedrow, C. G. Cole, H. M. Jones; F. W. Woolworth Co., 850 Laurens St., George W. Jobe, R. J. Smith, Robert Morris, Hannah Lamb.

VETERINARIANS-Dr. B. C. McLean, 808 Linden St.; Dr. H. P. Dyches, Augusta Road.

WOMEN'S APPAREL-Diana Shop, 867 Laurens St., Mrs. Anne Dyer; Ann Efron Clothing Store, 903 Laurens St.; Eleanor Shop, 841 Laurens St., Mrs. Mildred Houston; Mangel's Women's and Children's Apparel, 846 Laurens St., Miss Lydia Griffith; Slotin's Shop For Women, 831 Laurens St., Alvin Slotin; Smart's Dress Shop, 86 Mitchell Shopping Center, Frank K. Smart.

WELCOME WAGON HOSTESS-Mrs. W. T. Pope, 1017 Hitchcock Drive.

WHOLESALE & RETAIL GAS & OIL DEALER-Milner Super Gas Co., Highway 19, G. Ashford Milner, Jr.

LAND SURVEYORS OF AIKEN COUNTY
BEFORE 1900 A.D.

Boles, Isaac, Brown, E. W., Burkhalter, William, Cook, Jno. M., Courtney, W. B., Crosland, Jas. E., Decaradeux, A., Dexter, Et-heredge, Alvin, Hankinson, Jno. N. Head, N. O. Keel, A. Carson, McKellan, W. P., Mims, R. T., Mims, Edmund, Mixson, Frank M., Mixson, J. S., Norris, Percy S., Ott, H. D., Phelps, C. N., Pocallis, Salley, John J., Sawyer, W. E., Stone, J. W., White, D., Yeldell, William (Poney) H.

LAND SURVEYORS AFTER 1900 A.D.

Allen, J. Hord, Benjamin, G. F., Boykin, L. W., Courtney, Arthur W., Courtney, J. H., Courtney, Marion I., Courtney, Reginald, Crouch, Jacob E., Gaillard, J. P., Grant, Joe Lee, Gunter, P. N., Hartley, E. L., Jones, Charlie M., Jones, W. G., McCullough, L. H., McCarty, Harry, Millard, M. Kenyon, Murph, Julian L., Murph, Wesley S., Mims, P. S., Norris, P. S., Rawle, J. A., Salley, Julian, Squires, Cecil P., Toole, S. Perrin, Walker, Reuben K., Wise, J. T., Wise, K. L., Hankinson, Paul M., Knotts, J. E.

(photo - unable to copy) JAMES C. PLUNKETT and his wife Mrs. Jane Plunkett-Clearwater section. Father of Tom Plunkett, Sheriff of Richmond County, Ga., 1824-30.


 Chapter XV
INSTITUTIONS AND COUNTY DEPARTMENTS

AIKEN COUNTY HOSPITAL

The first local hospital was opened on April 17, 1917 and was known as the Aiken Hospital and Relief Society. The hospital was built with funds contributed mostly by the winter residents and had a bed capacity of thirty, eighteen of which were for white patients and twelve for colored. I cannot recall the names of all the Trustees at that time but among those remembered were Mr. Robert Tarrant, Mrs. W. W. Muckenfuss, Mrs. Sheffield Phelps, Mr. Hope Iselin. The hospital was supported by funds contributed by different individuals. This hospital was operated until 1924 at which time, due to lack of funds, it had to close.

The needs of a hospital grew in the next few years. With the help of the Legislative Delegation, in 1927, the hospital building was rented to the County of Aiken and was reopened in June, 1927. The Board of Trustees consisted of Mr. George H. Leitner, Graniteville, representative of the County; Mr. R. L. Gunter, Aiken; representative of the Aiken Hospital and Relief Society. Mr. Tarrant served on the Board of Trustees from the time the original hospital was opened in 1817 until the time of his death in 1953. No one has ever been more interested in the progress of the hospital. Mr. Leitner and Mr. Gunter served from 1924 until the time of his death.

Dr. J. R. Howell was appointed superintendent of the hospital at the tim ethat it was reopened. Dr. Howell and the Board of Directors by their enthusiastic efforts procured the first X-Ray machine for the hospital in 1929. In 1936 with Federal and County funds, construction was begun and the present building was opened. The Board of Trustees, at that time, consisted of Mr. S. H. Swint, Graniteville, Mr. R. G. Tarrant and Mr. R. L. Gunter, Aiken. After Mr. Gunter's death Mr. Henry Busbee was appointed to succeed him.

Dr. Howell resigned as Superintendent of the Hospital in July 1937. He was succeeded by Mrs. Eula B. Lamar who had been associated with the hospital since 1917 and had served as Superintendent of Nurses since 1927. Mr. E. Butler Gunter was appointed Business Manager. Mr. Gunter served until his death in 1939 and was succeeded by Mr. B. R. Gantt, Monetta. Mr. Gantt served until 1951 at which time he was succeeded by Mr. R. E. Mooney of Tennessee.

Shortly after the new building was opened, in 1936, the hospital became a member of the South Carolina Hospital Association; the American Hospital Association; and a member of the American College of Surgeons.

The Nurses home was built in 1941 and in 1948 construction was begun on a new wing which increased the hospital's size by an additional fifty beds. This wing was ready to receive patients in November 1950. One section of the new wing, which could accommodate about thirty-five beds was left unfinished at that time.

In 1951, and succeeding years, the population of Aiken County grew due to the newly built plant of the Atomic Energy Commission. The Board of Trustees and the Legislative Delegation proceeded with plans to complete the unfinished section of the newer wing. With the aid of federal funds construction began in July 1956. Mr. Sam Nesbitt, Jr., was elected first administrator. Trustees of the hospital at the present time are: Mr. C. J. Asbill, Wagener; Chairman, Mr. Henry Busbee, Aiken; Mr. J. L. Steed, Jackson; Mr. B. E. Eubanks, Graniteville; Mr. N. F. Manley, North Augusta; Mrs. R. H. Wilds, Aiken; Mr. Reginald Boylston, Salley; and Mr. Morgan Mitchell, Langley.

The Women's Auxiliary of the Aiken County Hospital should certainly be commended for their wonderful work. The Auxiliary was organized in 1928 through the efforts of Miss Susie Ravenel and Mr. R. G. Tarrant, who was at that time Chairman of the Board of Trustees. Mrs. Leon Holley, of Aiken was the first Chairman. Among the projects of the Auxiliary was the Sewing Committee of which Mrs. Ben Ethered'e was chairman and deserve much praise. This group of ladies made hospital garments and mended linens, gowns, etc. Mrs. Etheredge remained chairman of this group until her death in 1950. She was a faithful worker for the hospital. After the death of Mrs. Etheredge Mrs. Abbie Hitt and Mrs. Will Weatherford took over the work. Mrs. Weatherford continued until her death. Mrs. Hitt is still a faithful worker and has been very active with the Auxiliary since its organization. Other members of the Auxiliary over a long period of years has been Mrs. R. L. Gunter, Mrs. R. G. Tarrant, Mrs. Murray Johnson, Mrs. Sam Morrall, Mrs. H. T. Hall, Mrs. H. T. Hall, Jr., Mrs. Bessie Duncan, Mrs. George Leitner, Mrs. Delia Woodward, Mrs. Albert Wilcox, Mrs. Lanier Branson, Mrs. Wilbur Driver, Sr., Mrs. Wilbur Driver, Jr., and Mrs. J. E. Shuler.

Everyone in Aiken and Aiken County generally strive to help and cooperate for its success.

In 1957, Mrs. Lamar retired and Mrs. Idelle McCook, who had been associated with the hospital for a number of years and Mrs. Lamar's assistant for sometime, took her place.

SOUTH CAROLINA STATE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT
Aiken Branch

The 1957 South Carolina Highway Department has the following roads in Aiken County:

Primary Roads—271.43 miles—Hard Surface.
Secondary Roads—397.06 miles—Hard Surface.
Dirt Roads-256.68 miles-Unpaved.
Total-925.17 miles.

The above figures do not include 1,200 miles of dirt roads, by-ways and hedges.

The men directly connected with the Highway Department in Aiken County are:

Mr. C. R. McMillan, Chief Commissioner, Box 191, Columbia, S. C; Mr. J. Carl Kearse, Commissioner, Bamberg, S. C; Mr. D. M. Crockett, Dist. Engr., Box 191, Columbia, S. C; Mr. W. E. Harris, Dist. Constr. Engr., Box 191, Columbia, S. C; Mr. Z. G. Derrick' Maintenance Engr., Aiken, S. C; Mr. J. C. Asbill, Res. Constr. Engr., Aiken, S. C.

(Photo - unable to copy) OUR DOCTORS, 1957-lst row, left to right: Dr. C. R. Bradford, Dr. N. A. Borop, Dr. H. D. Wyman, Dr. H. A. Langston. 2nd row: Dr. Wm. C. R. Turnbull, Dr. Helen M. Dean, Dr. J. R. Howell, Dr. G. H. Burrough. 3rd row: Dr. Donald Tarbox, Dr. T. W. Mappus, Dr. J. E. Rountree. 4th row: Dr. W. D. McNair, Dr. F. A. Kennedy. 5th row: Dr. L. E. Traughber, Jr., Dr. W. F. Prior. (Courtesy Quattlebaum Studio).

OUR DOCTORS OF 1880

J. A. Palmer, Dr. Coffin, W. H. Geddings, Harry Wyman, Benjamin F. Wyman, Harry Hastings Wyman, Sr., Harry Hastings Wyman, Jr., J. Frampton Wyman, Dr. Crose, C. F. McGahn, O. B. Gaus.

AIKEN COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE
1937-1956

The Department of Public Welfare administers the section of the Social Security Act dealing with Public Assistance. A State Law, enacted May 13, 1937, governs the functions of the organization, and it has been approved by the Federal Social Security Board. The types of assistance provided for in this Act are Old Age Assistance and not Old Age Pensions, as so many construe it, Aid to Dependent Children, Aid to the Needy Blind, and General Relief. Funds for the first three mentioned categories of assistance are supplied by Federal and State Governments and General Relief funds are provided equally by the State and County. The Aiken County Department of Public Welfare commenced its work July 20, 1937, and formal applications began July 27, 1937, which have continued up to the present. We have accepted for some type of service over two thousand cases during this period.

The first Aiken County Board of Public Welfare consisted of three members who were: Mr. Charlie B. Carter, Chairman, Automobile Salesman and a Deacon in the Warrenville Baptist Church; Mr. N. A. Stewart, Vice-Chairman, Farmer and Saw Mill Operator, also a Baptist Minister; Mr. R. Earle Gunter, Secretary, a Department Store salesman and a farmer.

The County Board is made up of three members who are appointed by the State Board or State Director upon recommendation of the majority of the County Legislative Delegation, for one year, two year, and three year periods. The County Board acts as the representatives of the State Department in administering such welfare activities within the county as are provided in the Act or as directed by the State Department, not otherwise provided for by law. The County Board selected the County Director, subject to the regulations of the State Department and always works in conjunction with the State Department and adheres to policies governing the organization.

Staff Personnel

Mrs. Wilhelmina H. Moody, County Director, has been employed on the staff since the organization first began to function in July, 1937 and is the present County Director.

Another first appointment in August, 1937 still on staff is Mrs. Sarah D. (L. H.) Lamar, Visitor, of Beech Island.

Miss Rebecca Vieth, now Mrs. Donald Sheldon of Iowa, was appointed in July, 1937 as Statistical Clerk, resigning in December, 1943.

Mrs. Rena Dunbar (J. B.) Howard, of Beech Island, began as Visitor in July, 1937, remaining on Staff until March, 1944.

Other Visitors this first year were: Mrs. Dorothy Brown (Lewis) Whittle, of Aiken, Mrs. Anna Marion Busbee (Ben) Cole, formerly of Springfield, S. C, now residing in Florida, and Mrs. Nell B. (Boyle) Singleton living in St. Petersburg, Florida.

Clerical Workers were: Mrs. Doris Dukes (Donald) Gaver of Aiken, living now in Ohio, Miss Annie Mae Johnson of Windsor, presently employed in Charleston, S. C, and Mrs. Mildred (H. B.) Johnson, who resides in Aiken.

District Field Supervisor: Mrs. Ruth Owens (John Lawton). Bell of Orangeburg, formerly of Aiken.

The very first checks mailed out to recipients were in the amount of $685.00, ($585.00 Old Age Assistance, $20.00 Aid to the Needy Blind, $80.00 Aid to Dependent Children).

"People With Problems Our Concern"

County Board—Mr. Ted T. Busbee, Chairman, Aiken, S. C; Mr. Wilton L. Redd, Vice-Chairman, Aiken, S. C; Mr. William A. Taylor, Graniteville, S. C.

Staff Personnel—Mrs. Wilhelmia H. Moody, County Director, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Vivian H. Sawyer, Casework Supervisor, Salley, S. C; Miss Maxine Brodie, Child Welfare Supervisor, Wagener, S. C; Mrs. Ruth W. (James E.) Key, Senior Stenographer, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Alice W. (W. E., Jr.) Vernon, Intake Visitor, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Helen M. Burckhalter, Junior Child Welfare Worker, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Myrtle O. (L. G.) Eubanks, Junior Child Welfare Worker, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Dessie (Paul F., Sr.) Dorr, Visitor, North Augusta, S. C; Mrs. Hollace L. Fleetwood, Visitor, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Lottie S. (H. A.) Garvin, Visitor, Monetta, S. C; Miss Martha Anne Horton, Visitor, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Sarah D. (L. H.) Lamar, Visitor, Beech Island, S. C; Mrs. Catherine V. Pattis, Visitor, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Hannah J. Simms-Lee, Visitor, Augusta, Georgia; Mrs. Mary C. (John) Swanson, Visitor, Augusta, Georgia; Mrs. Beulah M. (C. R.) Johnson, Junior Stenographer, Windsor, S. C; Miss Mildred Heath, Junior Stenographer, Montmorenci, S. C; Mrs. Doris B. (Wallace) Mundy, Junior Stenographer, Aiken, S. C; Miss Christine Richardson, Junior Stenographer, Aiken, S. C; Mrs. Elizabeth M. (Eugene) Vogle, Junior Stenographer, Aiken, S. C.

District Field Supervisor—Mrs. Ferebe S. (H. E.) Cone, Walterboro, S. C.

PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT

The first public employment service in Aiken was established in 1933 in line with the Federal Government's policy of establishing a free employment service in each county of the State. Mr. Ben Etheredge was placed in charge of this office. Mrs. Minnie D. Thorpe succeeded Mr. Etheredge March 1, 1938, and was in charge of the office for several years. The office was then located on the second floor of the old A & P Store located on Laurens Street (where Belk's is now located). The office was established in Aiken to give the workers of the area assistance in obtaining jobs for which they were best qualified. For 20 years it has afforded Aiken County employers the largest source of qualified applicants from which to choose their employees.

The office was operated under Federal direction until July 1, 1938, when the public employment service was transferred to the South Carolina Employment Security Commission. At that time the employment offices assumed the added function of taking claims for unemployment compensation. The personnel of the Aiken office in 1938 consisted of Mrs. Thorpe, Mrs. Myrtle H. Brodie, Mrs. Martha J. Franklin, Mr. N. G. W. Walker, Mrs. Pauline L. Hammond and Miss Verbena Priester.

By presidential decree the State Employment Service was transferred to the United States Employment Service and the office was under Federal supervision from January 1, 1942, to November 15, 1946. During the war years the Employment Service was charged with the responsibility of staffing war essential industries and regulating the mobility of labor.

Hubert O. Southerlin succeeded Mrs. Thorpe as manager on May 21, 1942. The next manager was John Randolph Little, who took office December 3, 1945. Mrs. Verbena Priester Peacock became manager on April 16, 1947.

The Aiken office became one of the most important offices in the country in 1950 when it was announced that the Atomic Energy Commission would erect a plant for the production of fissionable material on the Savannah River. Overnight the economy in the Aiken vicinity changed as thousands of persons crowded into the area to work on the largest construction project ever devised by man. During the calendar year ending December 1952, 5,869 jobs were filled by the personnel in the Aiken office.

At the present time the office is located at 1702 Park Avenue. The personnel of the Aiken office are: Mrs. Verbena P. Peacock, Mrs. Arthur B. Moore, Jr., Mrs. Myrtle H. Brodie, Mrs. Martha J. Franklin, Miss Thelma S. Evans, Mr. Earl Sizemore, Mrs. Betty M. Whitman, Mr. Fred S. Hunt, Mr. Ray B. Smith and Miss Jo Helen Ansley.

As Aiken progresses, the Employment Service office will continue to serve the community by assisting workers in finding suitable employment, and when no jobs are available, by taking claims for unemployment compensation in order that purchasing power may be maintained. The local office is prepared to aid employers in securing capable employees and will contribute to maximum regular employment and expanding production through cooperative community action.

AIKEN COUNTY HOME DEMONSTRATION

Work first began in Aiken County in 1910, when Miss Marie Cromer, now Mrs. Cecil H. Seigler, Sr., organized the first World's Tomato Club, out of which grew 4-H Clubs.

Present personnel—Mrs. Alpha C. Jenkins, Home Demonstration Agent; Miss Margaret Murden, Secretary.

Aiken County Council of Farm Women was organized in 1922, with the late Mrs. Vance Livingston, of Kitchings Mill, as its faithful and loyal president for 17 years.

Present president of Council—Mrs. James D. McNair; Membership-250.

AIKEN COUNTY HOME OR POOR HOME

Soon after the formation of Aiken County in 1872, there was obtained by the County authorities and members of the General Assembly 250 acres of land on the West side of Two Notch Road, about two miles North of Aiken. A Community of several seperate dwellings were provided including a chapel for unfortunate and needy people, both white and colored. This needful institution was continued from that period until 1937 under the administration of the late Franklin D. Roosevelt. During that period the United States Government commenced the appropriations for the welfare of the needy in the states. This law provided that states and counties could furnish a part of the money for the support of those who were eligible for assistance. Before this period they were taken care of in the home and the inmates in many instances helped work in the gardens and fields to support their needs.

COUNTY BOARD AND STAFF MEMBERS FROM 1937-1957

Mr. Charlie B. Carter, Mr. N. A. Stewart, Mr. R. Earle Gunter, Mrs. Welhelmia H. Moody, Mrs. Sarah Lamar, Miss Rebecca Vieth, now Mrs. Donald Sheldon of Iowa, Mrs. Rena Dunbar Howard, Mrs. Lewie Whittle, Mrs. Ben Cole, Mrs. Boyle Singleton, Mrs. Donald Gaver, Miss Annie Mae Johnson, Mrs. H. B. Johnson, Mrs. J. L. Bell, Mr. T. T. Busbee, Mr. W. L. Redd, Mr. W. A. Taylor, Mrs. Vivian Sawyer, Miss Maxine Brodie, Mrs. Ruth Key, Mrs. Alice W. Vernon, Mrs. Helen Burckhalter, Mrs. Myrtle Eubanks, Mrs. Dessie Dorr, Mrs. Hollace Fleetwood, Mrs. Lottie Garvin, Miss Martha Anne Horton, Mrs. Sarah Lamar, Mrs. Catherine V. Pattis, Mrs. Hannah J. Simms-Lee, Mrs. Mary C. Swanson, Mrs. Beulah Johnson, Miss Mildred Heath, Mrs. Doris Mundy, Miss Christine Richardson, Mrs. Elizabeth M. Vogle.

County Farm Agents—This Department was begun in 1916 and has been of great value to the farmers of the county. Ashton Head was the first farm agent. He, like the others, was a graduate of Clemson. C. Lee Go wan followed him, and at the present time A. A. Mellette is the county agent and William Beasley is the assistant agent. Other agents were Thomas Morgan, J. F. Jones, H. H. Woodle, Frank Corley.

AIKEN COUNTY FOSTMASTERS:

Aiken: Robert Corkin (1867), Mrs. Alfred Holmes (1868-1880), Edward Dickerson, William Chafee, J. W. Wigfall, C. E. Cannon, Mrs. Clara Harrigal and T. B. Holman were also postmasters at Aiken. Bennie Permenter is the present postmaster. A. K. Lorenz (1916-1924), Ernest E. Brown (1924-1932).
Belvedere: Alva M. Edmunds.
Clearwater: William H. P. Faddis, Frank Peacock.
Ellenton: James R. Dunbar, Ralph Dunbar, J. B. Bagnal, Miss Mamie Bush, Basil T. Brinkley.
Gloverville: Mrs. Virginia Brantley.
Graniteville: Robert Singleton, George Thorpe, Lee Gunter, L. A. Sanders, Miss Lula Giles, Miss Alma Jones, Fred L. Timmerman (now acting).
Jackson, Beech Island, Kathwood: John C. Hankinson, C. C. Chance, Joseph H. Murray (1917-1921), Mrs. Andrews.
Langley: Dr. J. Frank Baker; Teague Spradley, Rev. W. A. McCrackin, S. S. Lee, Miss Harriett Coe, George R. Dillon, Miss Lona LcCroy, Norbert Greene, George T. Buck, Capers N. Jones, Sailor Beard, Lillie F. Beard.
Monetta: William Moseley Holston, first Postmaster and Railroad Agent, (1888-1896); Mrs. Ernestine Holston, Mrs. Blanche Cato Holston, (1906-1907); Alexander Hamilton Stevens (1906-1948), retired; Joseph Nathaniel Burton, present postmaster.
Montmorenci: G. L. Toole (1873-1881), J. M. Wade (1881-1891), J. T. Shuler (1891-1893), Jason Woodward (1893-1898), James S. Keel (1898-1925), Ethel Bell (1926-1936), Irene Taylor (1937-1945), Jessie L. Berrie (1945—still serving.)
New Ellenton: Mrs. Blanche Smith, Mrs. Daisy Green.
North Augusta: Mrs. Lucille Scott, Dec. 31, 1920; S. L. Nurnberger (Jan. 1, 1921-June 30, 1930); James R. King (7-1-30-10-15-31; James R. King (10-16-31 -3-22-35); Mrs. Lois King (3-23-35-6-1-43); Mrs. Agnes Ergle (6-1-43-7-31-46); Mrs. H. C. Ansley, now serving.
Perry: Benjamin Corbett until 1906, Emma S. Corbett until 1946, Cline W. Sturkie until 1951, Wilma B. Sturkie, now serving.
Salley: Henry Garvin, Ida E. Salley, Cora M. Salley, Annie O. Tyler, James A. Jones, Alonzo L. Eidson, Herbert O. Jones, Oiin J. Salley.
Vaucluse: Teague Spradley, O. R. Steele, Miss Inez Stone, Claude Yaun, J. C. Couch, John D. Turner, O. R. Scott, Hastings W. Moyer.
Wagener: Mrs. Laura Jackson (1897-1914), Mrs. Ernest L. Richardson (1918), Mrs. Virginia Gantt (1918-1923), Mrs. Virginia C. Bodie (1923-1932), Wilbur E. Williams.
Warrenville:
White Pond: Ben F. Williams, H. W. Scott, J. W. Williams, Jr., Lillie B. Lewis, Beatrice D. Williams.
Windsor: Mrs. Ada Johnson, Mrs. Annie T. Johnson, Mrs. Jackie A. Owens, Mrs. Frances D. Nunn.

(photo – unable to copy) BENNIE RALPH PERMENTER, Postmaster. Fourth son of the late John B. Permenter. Born Oct. 3, 1903. Entered post office at Aiken as clerk April 24, 1924. Appointed Postmaster June 1, 1949 under civil law. Appointed until age of retirement or 70 years of age.

(photo – unable to copy) THOMAS RIPLEY HENDERSON, son of Hon. Daniel S. Henderson, with the colored servant of the family, Randall Williams, and the pet dog, Ring. The Three R s-Ripley, Randall, and Ring." This photo was made in 1898 when Ripley was 8 years old. He is now custodian of the U. S. Court House.

(photo – unable to copy) LONG SERVICE RECORD-Ramie Yonce, left, Aiken County forest ranger, looks on as Albert Bonnett of Windsor, second from left, accepts the keys for the Graniteville Lookout Tower from J. J. Bailey, third from left, who has retired after 20 years of service.

AIKEN COUNTY COMMISSIONERS FROM 1873 TO 1957

(photo – unable to copy) Aiken County Board of Commissioners, reading from left to right: Mr. C. C. Whetstone, County Commissioner; D. D. McGowan, County Commissioner; Fred W. Scott, County Supervisor; Mackey Scott, Sr., County Commissioner, Julian B. Salley, Sr., Former County Attorney (deceased) and Julian B. Salley, Jr., County Attorney. Standing, left to right, Josie Y. Wertz, Assistant Clerk; Mattie L. Jackson, Clerk, and Elizabeth Y. Harley, Clerk Aid, County Board of Commissioners.

Edward P. Stoney, Samuel Spencer, William M. Peel 1873; Thomas W. West, William F. Carston, Allen T. Attaway 1875; George B. Mills, J. Powell, A. W. Sanders 1877; R. H. Kernigan, William M. Jordan, William Stephens 1879; Eldridge Gunter, Jason V. George, William Stephens 1881; J. E. Crosland, A. T. Seigler, Gains Ashley 1884; W. A. West 1886.

Robert A. Johnson, Montmorenci; George W. Sawyer, Wards, S. C; William A. Arthur, Graniteville; John Calhoun Courtney 1893; J. R. Eidson, Graniteville, S. C. 1894; H. M. Sawyer, James Adams, R. A. Johnson, J. A. Jordan, W. D. Wood, Wards, P. W. Williams, McTier, R. B. Cato, Wards 78, Moses Kneece, Chingnapin, J. E. Kitchings, Jr., Toksnockle, W. L. Gunter, Hopesville, H.

F. Eubanks, Windsor, M. B. Gunter, W. P. Hutto, Salley, J. W. Whittle, Salley, H. J. McElmurray, Hammond, W. T. Hankinson, Hammond, John R. Clay, Graniteville 1895, W. C. Gunter, Giddy Swamp, E. B. Gunter, Giddy Swamp, J. M. Hutto, McTier, Levi Fulmer, Shaw, J. B. McLane, Sleepy Hollow, G. G. Turner, Sleepy Hollow, Abner Brown, Shaw, B. I. Gant, Rocky Springs, G.'S. Cook, Bethcar, T. W. Goss, Rock Springs, W. E. Mealing, Hammond, G. A. McKee, Aiken, E. L. Waldorf, Donalds, C. J. Pardue, Graniteville, I. C. George, Aiken, 1895.

David H. Turner, Graniteville, S. C. 1899, 1908 and 1909 W. O. Johnson, J. D. Harris, B. F. Sorgee, James Kitchings, J. A. Johnson, C. H. Weathersbee, Langley J. Pope Roton, Vaucluse, J. Frank Fulmer, Wagener, 1913 M. D. Waney, Aiken, J. W. Baughman, Aiken, J. P. Roton, Aiken, L. S. Dicks, 1915 F. A. Golphin, Talatha, L. S. Dicks, Windsor, J. Frank Fulmer, Wagener, 1917 J. A. Johnson, Aiken, C. A. Weathersbee, Langley, J. P. Roton, Graniteville, E. D. Edwards, Bath, J. H. Cushman, Montmorenci, J. Frank Fulmer, Wagener, 1918 B. F. Sorgee, Warrenveille, Martin Everett, Beech Island, W. C. Rawls, Wagener, 1919 1st District: J. H. Cushman, Montmorenci, S. 60., 2nd District, E. B. Edwards, Bath, S. C. 3rd District: A. E. Yaun, Graniteville, S. C, 4th District: J. Frank Fulmer, Wagener, S. C, 1920 W. A. Whitlock, Kitchings Mill, A. E. Yaun, Graniteville, C. J. Hill, Aiken; 1922 W. A. Whitlock, Kitchings Mill; 1924 C. J. Hill, Aiken, 1925 Dr. W. A. Whitlock, C. J. Hill, Andrew Yaun, 1988, W. J. Busbee, J. Wiley Woodward, A. E. Yaun; 1940 A. E. Yaun, J. Wiley Woodward, W. J. Busbee; 1948 J. Wiley Woodward, C. T. Whetstones, C. Harvey McElhaney; 1952 J. Wiley Woodward, C. T. Whetstone, C. Harvey McElhaney, 1954 C. T. Whetstones, R. B. Carter, D. D. McGowan, 1956 to i958 Mackey Scott, C. T. Whetstones, Charlie Kneece.


 Chapter XVI
CITIZENS OF AIKEN COUNTY

MEMBERS OF THE SOUTH CAROLINA SENATE FROM AIKEN COUNTY

1. (No photo) C. D. Hayne - (Colored) 1872-1876

2. (Photos - unable to copy) COL. A. P. BUTLER - 1877-1879: Near relative of U. S. Senator M. C. Butler. Lived in the Hamburg section of Aiken County. The first senator elected under Reconstruction (1876). He served in the "Wallace House", but resigned to become Commissioner of Agriculture. He was a colonel in the Confederate Army and was a leader of the Red Shirts of Aiken County.

3. (Photos - unable to copy) GEORGE W. CROFT, Born 1846, Died 1904: He was elected to fill the unexpired term of A. P. Butler. He also served in the House of Representatives (1901-1902). In 1902 he defeated G. Duncan Bellinger of Barnwell and J. W. Thurmond for Congress. He served very successfully as Congressman from the Second Congressional District until his death during his first term of office.

4. (Photos - unable to copy) D. S. HENDERSON, 1880-1883 - 1897-1902: A graduate of the College of Charleston. After teaching school one year, was admitted to the bar. Came to Aiken from Walterboro on the formation of Aiken County and entered into co-partnership with an old and distinguished law firm of W. Finley. He played a great part in the development and growth of the county, and did much for white supremacy and the redemption of the county from negro rule during the Reconstruction Period. He rendered valuable service in the courts defending those prosecuted by the United States Government for illegal voting in 1876. Soon after coming to Aiken he married Miss Ripley from Atlanta, Georgia. He had three sons: Finley P., Dan, and Ripley. While in the Senate he introduced and passed the famous anti-duelling bill. Among his other services to Aiken County, he successfully challenged and defeated an attempt to take a shoe-string territory from Aiken and Edgefield Counties to form a new county with North Augusta as the county seat. He became a great advocate in the courts and his services were sought freely in both the civil and criminal courts. Because of his services to the county he had great influence with a jury. To the sorrow of the people he died at an early age in His success in law was shared by his brother, E. P. Henderson, and since his death by his son, Finley P. Henderson, and his nephew, Elmore Henderson. Another outstanding member of this law firm was Mr. Julian B. Salley, Sr. At the present time the law firm is composed of Finley P. Henderson, Julian B. Salley, Jr., and Edward C. Cushman, Jr.—all outstanding members of the Aiken Bar. Mr. D. S. Henderson took great interest in education and was life chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Aiken Institute. Since his death his son Finley has served in this capacity. He was a leading member of the Presbyterian Church.

5. (Photos - unable to copy) CAPT. JOHN M. BELL - 1884-1891: Born in Edgefield County of a large family. His large plantation "Highlands", located six miles northwest of Aiken was cut off of Edgefield County in 1872. It was later owned by H. Christian Hahn, passed on to his son, Herman Hahn, and sold by him to Yonce, the present owner. He also served in the House of Representatives, 1878-1879, 1882-1883, and 1899-1900. One of his sisters was the wife of Dr. Hodge Timmerman, Lieut-Governor of Sooth Carolina. He was the great-uncle of our present Governor, George Bell Timmerman.

6. (Photos - unable to copy) JOHN GARY EVANS - 1892-1893: Born in Edgefield County. Nephew of Gen Mark Gary. Came to Aiken after graduating in law. Served in the House of Representatives (1890-1891) and in the Senate (1892-1893). He was Governor from Dec. 4, 1894-Jan. 18, 1897. He moved from Aiken to Spartanburg in 1899 and served that county for a period of years. He was a fine, upstanding citizen and one of the leading lawyers and statesmen of South Carolina. He had one daughter-who married and now lives in Sweden.

7. (Photos - unable to copy) O. C. (Boll) JORDAN - 1894-1896: He was elected to fill the unexpired term of John Gary Evans, who was elected Governor. He was the son of Sheriff Jordan and the father of Haskell Jordan, auditor of Aiken County. He had previously served in the House of Representatives (1886-1887 and 1892-1893).

8. (Photos - unable to copy) WILLIAM E. JOHNSON - 1903-1906: Minister, lawyer, legislator. Graduate of Furman University. Served as pastor of several good churches in the state, among them the Abbeville Baptist Church. He returned to Aiken County and entered politics and was elected to the senate in 1902.

9. (Photos - unable to copy) GASPER LOREN TOOLE - 1907-1908: Born April 13, 1867 at Montmorenci. Youngest of ten children of Gasper Loren and Susan Hardin Toole. Attended University of South Carolina (1882-1884). Returned for law course (1898-1899). Served as Superintendent of Education (1893-1894). On the incorporation of Montmorenci was electtd first mayor (1895). Served as member of the House of Representatives (1897-1898, 1903-1906, " 1915-1918, 1923-1924) and in the Senate (1907-1908). Was a YMCA Secretary in World War I (1918-1919). Married May Eunice Perrin of Abbeville County, Oct. 11, 1887. After her death, married Sarah E. Cox of Washington, D. C, Dec. 18, 1926.

10. (Photos - unable to copy) THEODORE G. CROFT - 1909-1912: Born November 26, 1874. Died March 20, 1920. On the death of his father congressman in 1903—he was elected to fill out the unexpired term. Served in House of Representatives 1907-8-Senator Aiken Co.-1908-12. Married Ella Croft who survives him.

11. (Photos - unable to copy) JOHN F. WILLIAMS - 1913-1940: Lawyer (firm of Williams, Crott & Busbee) banker and farmer, at Aiken; born Feb. 26, 1884, near Salley; graduated South Carolina College in law and special literary course, 1905; moved to Aiken in 1908; married Miss Etta Turner, of Graniteville Dec. 23, 1908; now vice-president Community Ice & Coal Co., and Bank of Windsor; chairman Senate Judiciary Committee; formerly chairman Education Committee; joint author 7 months guaranteed school term Act, Act to relieve overcrowding in elementary grades, Act to fix salaries of teachers, improved High School Act, 1924 Fertilizer Act requiring manufacturers to specify ingredients, and author of first Federal Aid Acceptance legislation to build road from Edgefield line to Barnwell line through Aiken County, 1913; member House 1909-'12; Senate 1913-'24, re-elected for next 4 years without opposition.

12. (Photos - unable to copy) FRED C. BRINKLEY - 1941-1948: Physician, Farmer and Gin Operator, at Ellenton; b. Nov. 4, 1889, at Jackson; s. R. H. and Ida (Eubanks) Brinkley; g. Univ. of Georgia, M.D., 1910; moved to Ellenton in 1900; Nov. 14, 1917, m. Lille Owens, of Dunbarton; Mayor of Ellenton; Chm. Bd. of Trustees, Ellenton High School; Local Surgeon for A. C. L. and C. & W. C. Railways; Savannah River Navigation Commission, 1935; State Highway Commissioner, 1936-38; Delegate to Natl. Democratic Convention in Philadelphia, 1936, and Chicago, 1940; previous service in Senate 1941-44.

13. (Photos - unable to copy) DORSEY K. LYBRAND - 1949-1952: Lawyer, firm of Thurmond, Lybrand and Simons; residing at Aiken; b. March 22, 1907, at Wagener; s. C. K. and Callie (Busbee) Lybrand of Wagener; g. Univ. of S. C, A.B., 1928; LL.B., 1930; moved from Wagener to Aiken in 1931; Jan. 19, 1943, m. Mary Raines of Mitford; Member 40 & 8, Amer. Legion, VFW, Phi Kappa Sigma Fraternity, Business Men's Club, Chamber of Commerce, and Rotary Club; World War II Veteran, serving 4 yrs., 22 mos. sea duty in Atlantic and Pacific Theatres, Lt.-Comdr., USNR; previous service in Senate 1949-51. Elected to Senate again in 1956.

14. (Photos - unable to copy) JOHN HENRY WILLIAMS - 1952-1956: Lawyer, firm of Williams & Busbee, residing at Aiken; b. Nov. 24, 1917, at Aiken; s. John F. and Etta (Turner) Williams, of Aiken; g. Univ. of S. C, LL.B., 1947; Nov. 26, 1946, m. Martha McKain, of Spartanburg; World War II veteran, Aug., 1941-Dec, 1945, U. S. Air Forces; previous service in House 1951-52; Senate 1953.

AIKEN COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES
IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF S. C, 1872-1956

C. D. Hayne, Senator, 1872-1876, Representatives 1872-1873, Prince R. Rivers, Samuel J. Lee, Gloster Holland, William B. Jones; 1874-1875, R. B. Elliott, G. H. Holland, E. M. Drayton, P. W. Jefferson.

A. P. Butler, Senator 1877-1879, Representatives 1876-1877, C. E. Sawyer, J. J. Woodward, L. M. Asbill, John Guignard; Representatives 1878-1879, James Aldrich, John M. Bell, Judson Brodie, Thomas J. Davies.

D. S. Henderson, Senator 1880-1883, Representatives 1880-1881, James Aldrich, J. H. Busch, R. H. Kennaghan, C. E. Saywer; Representatives 1882-1883, John M. Bell, George W. Croft, Thomas J. Davies, F. P. Woodward.

John M. Bell, Senator 1884-1891, Representatives 1884-1885, James Aldrich, John C. Guignard, A. S. Seigler, E. P. Woodward; Representatives 1886-1887, James Aldrich, D. H. Salley, J. M. Cobb, O. C. Jordan, Representatives 1888-1889, James Aldrich, U. M. Boatwright, J. M. Cobb, John Gary Evans, Representatives 1890-1891, John Gary Evans, Owen Alderman, M. T. Gunter, E. P. Woodward.

John Gary Evans, Senator 1892-1893, Representatives M. T. Gunter, O. C. Jordan, E. P. Woodward.

O. C. Jordan, Senator 1894-1896, Representatives 1894-1896, J. T. Gaston, E. B. Tyler, T. S. Williams.

D. S. Henderson, Senator, 1897-1902, Representatives 1897-1898, G. L. Toole, A. W. Cushman, Dr. R. H. Timmerman; Representatives 1899-1900, John M. Belt M. B. Woodward, Dr. R. H. Timmerman; Representatives 1901-1902, G. W. Croft, R. L. Gunter, G. R. Webb.

W. E. Johnson, Senator 1903-1906, Representatives 1903-1904, G. R. Webb, G. L. Toole, R. J. Wade, Sr., B. F. Holman; Representatives 1905-1906, J. R. Clay, L. B. Etheredge, G. L. Toole, B. K. Keenan.

G. L. Toole, Senator 1907-1908, Representatives, H. E. Gyles, T. G. Croft, R. J. Wade, Jr., J. Cal Courtney.

T. G. Croft, Senator 1909-1912, Representatives 1909-1910, R. J. Wade, Jr., Dr. W. D. Wright, A. R. Bush, John S. Williams,

Representatives 1911-1912.

Galbraith L. Butler, Charles H. Salley, W. R. Turnbull, John F. Williams.

John F. Williams, Senator 1913-1940, Representatives 1913-1914, G. T. Holley, Hugh Long, J. Chester Busbee; Representatives 1915-1916, E. A. Austin, E. Foster Brigham, G. L. Toole; Representatives 1917-1918, G. L. Toole, S. B. Williams, B. K. Keenan; Representatives 1919-1920, Eugene K. Buckingham, David W. Gas-ton, Jr., Bryon K. Keenan; Representatives 1921-1922, Frampton W. Toole, E. R. Buckingham*, R. J. Wade, Jr., Representatives 1923-1924, G. Tillman Holley, B. K. Keenan, G. L. Toole; Representatives 1925-1926, W. Hamp Brodie, W. A. Drummond, S. B. Williams; Representatives 1927-1928, M. T. Holley, Boyce R. Gantt, J. E. Stansfield; Representatives 1929-1930, B. K. Keenan, S. B. Williams, John W. Duncan; Representatives 1931-1932, M. F. Bush, Boyce R. Gantt, S. B. Williams; Representatives 1933-1934, John E. Stansfield, M. F. Bush, John W. Duncan; Representatives 1935-1936, John A. May (Elected Nov. 5th, to fill unexpired term of J. W. Duncan), John E. Stansfield, M. F. Bush; Representatives 1937-1938, E. J. Craig, John A. May, H. H. Sanders; Representatives 1939, E. J. Craig, Herbert E. Gyles, Reginald P. Rearden; Representatives 1940, E. J. Craig, Lonnie A. Garvin, Reginald P. Reardon.

Frederick C. Brinkley, Senator 1941-1948, Representatives 1941-1942, E. J. Craig, C. Pope Gantt, Willie H. McClain; Representatives 1943, E. J. Craig, C. Pope Gantt, Charles E. Simons, Jr., Representatives 1944, E. J. Craig, C. Pope Gantt, Willie H. McClain (Elected Aug. 10th, 1943 to fill unexpired term of Charles E. Simons, Jr., resigned); Representatives 1945-1946, E. J. Craig, W. Earl Eidson, Jesse C. Lynch; Representatives 1947-1948, Charles E. Simons, Jr., Delmus I. Weeks, Leonard A. Williamson.

Dorcey K. Lybrand, Senator, 1949-1952, Representatives 1949, Edward C. Cushman, Jr., B. K. Keenan, John A. May; Representatives 1950, Edward C. Cushman, Jr., John A. May, E. J. Craig (Elected Sept. 20th, 1949 to fill unexpired term of B. K. Keenan, deceased); Representatives 1951-1952, Edward C. Cushman, Jr., John A. May, John F. Williams.

John Henry Williams, Senator (1953-57). Representatives (1953-55): Edward C. Cushman, Jr., Frampton W. Toole, Jr., C. D. Kenny. Representatives (1955-57): Edward C. Cushman, Jr., Frampton W. Toole, Jr., John L. Hixon.

Dorsey K. Lybrand, Senator (1957-60). Representatives (1957-58): Edward C. Cushman, Jr., John A. May, Delmus I. Weeks.

(Photos - unable to copy) MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

CAPT. A. S. SEIGLER 1884-85; JOHN T. GASTON 1894-96, Sheriff of Edgefield County prior to Aiken residence, also Aiken

County Judge of Probate: EVERETTE B. TYLER 1894-96, Farmer and President of Aiken County Farmers' Alliance; GEORGE ROBERT WEBB (1900-1904), See biographical sketch on page 64; THOS. S. WILLIAMS 1894 - 96; DR. U. M. BOATWRIGHT 1888-89; RICHARD J. WADE, Sr., Confederate soldier, wounded at Gettysburg. School Commissioner (1891-96). Member of House of Representatives (1903-1906); RICHARD J. WADE, Jr. 1907-1910, 1921-1922, Elected as Railroad Commissioner (1923-24) Farmer, Director of the Bank of Windsor. First marriage was to Mrs. Chitty Woodward.

Second marriage was to Miss Alafair Porter; S. B. WILLIAMS - Mr. S. B. Williams was born in New Holland, Aiken County in 1877. He was a prominent merchant and farmer. He was a deacon in the New Holland Baptist Church. He served in the House of Representatives from Aiken County during the years, 1917-18, 1925-26, 1929-30, 1931-32.

BYRON (Bub) K. KEENAN 1917-18, 1919-20, 1923-24, 1929-30; FRAMPTON W. TOOLE, Sr. Lawyer, Aiken. 1921-22 (Biog. on page 366); W. HAMP BRODIE Kitchings Mill. 1925-26; H. H. SANDERS - Merchant, North Augusta. 1937-38; LONNIE GARVIN 1939-1940 Lawyer, Aiken, Promoter of Crosland Park; REGINALD P. REARDEN - Graniteville. 1939-40; POPE GANTT - Wagener. 1941-44; WILLIE McLAIN - Silverton, 1941-42, 1944; CHARLES SIMONS, Jr. - Lawyer, Aiken, 1943—resigned August 10, 1943, 1947-48.

W. A. DRUMMOND 1925-26; M. T. HOLLEY, Jr. 1927-28; BOYCE R. GANTT 1931-32, 1927-28; M. F. BUSH Ellenton. 1933-34; JOHN E. STANSFIELD - Lawyer, Aiken; 1927-28, 1933-36; EUGENE BUCKINGHAM - Born and reared in Ellenton. Member of the S. C. House of Representatives 1919-22. Great follower of Governor Cole L. Blease. He was the foe of formation of anything new. Members or the Boards and Commissions of the State.

ELBERT J. CRAIG - Farmer and Merchant, 1936-38, 1949-52; JOHN W. DUNCAN - Langley, 1933-34, Elected a member of Industrial Commission in 1934. He is still active in its duties (1957); JOHN A. MAY - 1935-51, 1957-58; Lawyer, Aiken; JESSE C. LYNCH - 1945-46; W. EARL EIDSON 1945-46; LEONARD A. WILLIAMSON 1947-48; DELMUS I. WEEKS 1947-48; EDWARD C. CUSHMAN, Jr. - Lawyer, Aiken, Five terms-headed the ticket each election. 1949-58; JOHN LUTHER HIXON - Insurance. North Augusta. 1954-56; W. CECIL KENNEY 1953-54; FRAMPTON W. TOOLE, Jr. Lawyer, Aiken. Two terms-elected on the first ballot. 1952-56.

SOLOMON BLATT - Speaker of the House of Representatives (1937-45 and 1951-58) Barnwell Co. lawyer. Son of Nathan and Molly Blatt of Blackvifle. Grad. Univ. of S. C. in 1917. Married Ethel Greene of Sumter; EDMUND B. JACKSON - Lieut. Gov. of S. C. (1923-27) B. 1882-D. June, 1947. Born in Lexington Co. Moved to Aiken Co. Banker & farmer of Wagener. Grad. Citadel Academy. Married Fannie Lybrand, daughter of Jacob W. Lybrand of Wagener. Their children: Lybrand, accidentally killed in World War I at Langley Field, Va. while in Air Force; Hazel, who married Ben F. Scott, now living in Greenville; JUDGE HAYNE F. RICE - Born in Bamberg Co. Grad. Citadel Academy. Moved to Aiken in 1904 and entered into a law partnership with State Senator W. E. Johnson. Elected Judge of the 2nd Circuit and served 18 years. Married Eleanor Earle, daughter of U. S. Senator Joseph E. Earle of Sumter. She is now living in Aiken.

AIKEN COUNTY SHERIFFS

Hiram Jordan, 1872-1876, 4 years; M. T. Holley, Sr., 1876-1888, 12 years; B. F. Turner, 1888-1892, 4 years; Martin Tyler, (Died in Office) 1892-1893, 1 year; (Interim Coroner-J. P. Couch); Owen Alderman, 1893-1904, 11 years; T. P. Raborn, 1904-1912, 8 years; H. H. Howard, (Died Apr. 25, 1925) 1912-1925, 13 years; Nollie Robinson, 1925-1928, 3 years; J. P. Howard, 1928-1944, 16 years; W. Price Fallaw, 1944-to Date, 8 years.

1955—Sheriff Price Fallaw resigned and Governor George Bell Timmerman, Jr., appointed W. H. Thompson, of Langley, to fill the uncompleted term ending June, 1957.

Wyman Busch was elected in the 1956 Democratic election to serve a four-year term.

(photo - unable to copy) M. T. HOLLEY, Sr. Sheriff 1876-1888

(photo - unable to copy) SHERIFF HENRY H. (BUD) HOWARD 1914-1925: In office for the fourth term when he met death in the discharge of duty in April, 1925, the late "Bud" Howard, as he was affectionately known, was held in high esteem. After thirty-one years Aiken Countians still speak of his greatness. He was married to the former Harriet Loujane Stroble and their children are: Isabel C. Howard, Hampton H. Howard and Edward H. Howard, all of Aiken; Mrs. Marian H. Bray, Augusta, Ga., Mrs. Mildred McCoy, Charleston, Mrs. Margie H. Sims, Mt. Pleasant and the late Lucille Clifford.

(photo - unable to copy) SHERIFF NOLLIE ROBINSON: (Born near Nashville, Term., 1885 - Died Aug. 12, 1946) He married Nettie Napier, Feb. 26, 1908 and came to Aiken County as a conductor on the Aiken-Augusta Trolley Line. On the death of Sheriff Henry H. Howard he was appointed Sheriff and served his County well until he was made an Internal Revenue Officer in 1933. He served in this capacity until his death. His children are Lillian, Mary, Louise, Nollie, Jr., Ruth, Thomas, and Henry (Tot).

(photo - unable to copy) J. P. HOWARD, Sb. - 1928-1944

(photo - unable to copy) D. L. ROTON - Superintendent of Education (1894-1896)

(photo - unable to copy) CAPT. WILLIAM JORDAIV - Clerk of Court (1880-1888)

AIKEN COUNTY OFFICERS 1872-1957

SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS AND SUPERINTENDENTS OF EDUCATION-W. H. Lawson, 1874-1876; Anderson resigned, Rev. J. C. Brown appointed May 5, 1877-1880; C .A. Senn, 1880-1882; Luther W. Williams, 1882-1884; R. W. Harley, 1884-1886; Luther W. Williams, 1886-1888; D. H. Crosland, 1888-1890; Luther W. Williams, 1890-1892; G. L. Toole, 1892-1894; Rev. David L. Roton, 1894-1896; R. J. Wade, 1896-1897; A. W. Sanders, 1896-1902;Cecil H. Seigler, 1909-1913,_______Chapman, 1913-1922, Cecil H. Seigler, 1922-1928; Harvey Lybrand, 1928-1936; _______ Byrd, 1936-1946; A. J. Rutland, 1946-1957; Charles K. Kneece, 1857-.

EQUITY MASTERS-Capt. W. W. Williams, 1882-1890, Martin B. Woodward, 1890-1894, Capt. Wm. M. Jordan, 1893, J. F. Murray to 1911, L. M. C. Oliveros, 1911-1917, Edward C. Croft, 1917-1960.

(photo - unable to copy) EDWARD E. CROFT, seventh son of Honorable George W. Croft, Congressman from this district. He attended Clemson College (1899-1901). Graduated from the University of South Carolina in 1905 with an A.B. Degree and in 1907 with a Law Degree. Practiced Law in Greenville, S. C, and in Atlanta, Georgia until September, 1917 when he returned to Aiken to enter the law firm of Croft and Croft with his brothers, Laurie and Theodore. He is now Master of Aiken County, having served continuously since 1920, longer than any other officer of. the county. He married Mary S. Croswell, from Wilmington, N. C. They have three sons: Edward S., Jr., Vice-president of the Pyle National Company, Manufacturers of Electrical Equipment, Chicago, Illinois; and John W., employed in the office of the DuPont Company, New Orleans, Louisiana.

(photo - unable to copy) CAPT. JOHN N. HANKINSON, Clerk of Court of Aiken County, standing on right, attending joint session of the North and South old soldiers, 1888, of the War Between the States, 1861-5. Shown is Hankinson and a Union soldier shanking hands, agreed to bury the hatchet forever.

(photo - unable to copy) THOMAS T. CUSHMAN, 75, longtime clerk of court here is shown above in a picture taken several years ago with his wife, Mrs. Sallie Morgan Cushman. This photo was taken by William Frank Burton III, the Cushman's foster son.

CLERKS OF COURT-Joseph Quash, 1872-1876, George E. Edmondston, 1876-1877, Angus P. Brown, 1877-1880, Wm. M. Jordan, 1880-1888, John N. Hankinson, 1888-1900, John W. Dunbar, 1900-1917, Thomas T. Cushman, 1917-1949 (32 years service), Randolph Patterson, 1949-1960.

PROBATE JUDGES-Henry Sparnick, 1873-1874, W. W. Williams, 1876-1884, *John G. Gaston, 1884-1893, Jess Armstrong, 1894-1896, John N. Hankinson, Feb. 1896-Dec. 1896, T. W. Whatley, 1896-1907, G. R. Webb, 1907-1908, George C. Edmundson, 1809-Oct. 1917, G. R. Webb, 1917-1937, J. Earle Parker, 1937-1947, Emmett Glenn Willis, 1947-term ends 1960.

*Col. Gaston moved from Edgefield County to Aiken County in the early 80's after serving one term as sheriff of Edgefield County.

AUDITORS-William H. Wise, 1871-1877, Dave H. Wise, 1877-1921, Paul M. Hankinson, 1921-1929, Haskell C. Jordan, 1929-1939, David L. Alexander, 1939-1960.

(photo - unable to copy) DAVID ALEXANDER, Auditor in Aiken County

*TREASURERS-S. W. Beard, 1874, J. E. Murray, 1876-1886, Me. Mitchell, 1886-1890, C. Hagood George, 1890-1894, A. W. Oakley, Sr., 1894-1896, J. A. M. Gardner, 1896-1900, G. W. E. Thorpe, 1900-1906, Wesley Yonce, 1906-1916, J. D. Woodward, 1916-1928, Thos. H. Williamson, 1928-1957 (twenty-nine years service). Frank Thomas, 1957-1960.

* During Mr. Williamson's service he handled three times as much money as all the other treasurers combined.

(photo - unable to copy) C. HAGOOD GEORGE-was born in the Millbrook section of Aiken County. He was elected County Treasurer in 1892 and served for two terms.

(photo - unable to copy) GEORGE E. OWENS-prominent businessman and cotton buyer. Deacon in the First Baptist Church, Aiken for many years. Served as coroner of Aiken County. (Born March 22, 1860). Married Dora S. Bates (Born June 1, 1876). At this time all of their children are living. They are: Myrtle (Mrs. Leon C. Eubanks), Lenwood, Ruth (Mrs. John Lawton Bell), Bessie (Mrs. W. B. Causey), George, Edward, Jennie (Mrs. Harvey Lybrand), Dora, (Mrs. Ralph Smith), and Milton.

CORONER-F. L. Walker, 1874-1876, S. P. Kitchings, 1876-1878, James A. Moseley, 1876-1880, S. P. Kitchings, 1880-1884, W. H. Harden, 1884-1892, Jep C. Couch, 1892-1896, on the death of Sheriff Martin V. Tyler, interim Sheriff, a short period in 1893, W. W. Plunkett, Bennie Johnson, ---- , George E. Owens, ----- , J. D. Bell, ----- , J. T. Tarver, 1920-1948, Jimmie L. Gregory, 1948-1960.

(photo - unable to copy) GLEN L. HOLLEY (Magistrate-1951-58)

MAGISTRATES

The Magistrate's office is a very important one, invested with limited jurisdiction and executive duties and responsibilities, with both civil and criminal powers.

The Magistrate has been termed the People's Court and they have such powers and jurisdiction as granted by the General Assembly of South Carolina. Prior to the Constitution of 1869 they were called Magistrates or Justices of the Peace, but the Republican Administration in 1868 adopted a new Constitution and gave the office the name of Trial Justice. The name of Trial Justice was used for twenty-five years.

Under the Constitution of 1895 the name of Trial Justice was changed to Magistrate, with all powers and jurisdiction in law that were used by the Trial Justice following a majority of those who had been Magistrates or Trial Justices in Aiken County since 1871. The responsibility of the Magistrate is great for peace, law and good order in the community he represents.

The following have served as Magistrates and Trial Justices for Aiken County:

Aiken: William D. Wardsworth (1894); L. R. Weeks (1899-1894) (1903-1905); William M. Smcak (1907) (1911-1917); W. B. Raborn (1919-1921); David D. Gaston, Jr., (1929); Norman E. Cullum (1933); Dorcey Lybrand (1935-1937) (1939-1941); Glenn L. Holley (1951-1954), still in office.

Bath: W. J. Gamble (1907), resigned; T. J. Cheeks, Vice, (1908-1911); A. T. Gaskin (1899); W. H. Melton (Oct. 21, 1909), Vice J. E. Davis; L. B. Asbill, District 11, (1921); W. S. Howard (1933).

Beech Island: William D. Wadsworth (1894); John W. Dunbar (1899); Frank Dunbar (1903-1907) (1911); A. J. Boyd (1905); R. L. McElmurray (1909); W. H. Walker (1917-1919-1921); J.M.Boston (1923-1925) (1929-1933) (1933-1937-1939).

Belevedere: H. S. Barrow (1941).

Clearwater: William H. P. Faddis; Frank Peacock.

Ellenton: Arthur B. Bush, Vice Horace Cassells 1901-1909; James H. Bush (1899); G. B. Bush (1894); A. R. Bush (1903); W. H. Jones (1917); David Bush (1905-1907); W. H. Jones (1921-1923-1925); M. F. Bush (1929); Charles T. Bailey (1933-1935); L. W. Radford, vice; W. T. Bush (1937-1939), resigned; W. H. Jones (1911-1919-1921); P. H. Buckingham (1941).

Eureka: G. Preston Seigler (1899).

Graniteville: Eidson Brooks, served in County (1894); John R. Eidson (1894); David H. Turner (1899); Thomas F. Hitt (1903); James J. Ergle (1909) D. H. Turner (1905-1919) (1923-1925) (1929-1933); Claude Seigler (1934-1935) (1937-1939); Pope E. Wise (1941); J. Will Taylor.

Jackson: Frank M. Green (1894-1899); J. M. Cobb (1905); W. T. Bush (1907-1911); L. W. Radford, Vice to Bush (resigned) (1914); John E. Bates District 14 Vice (1910); A. Tillman Johnson (Dec. 11, 1909); Joe E. Foreman (1919-1921) (1923-1925) and 1929.

Langley: Elijah W. Eidson (1894); N. K. Jones (1899); S. S. Lee (1903, 1905, 1907); J. F. Baker (1909); W. E. Baker (1911, 1921, 1923); M. B. Smith (1917); G. Tillman Beaufort (1919, 1925, 1942); R. L. Holsonback District 7 and 10 (1929, 1933, 1935, 1937-1939-1941).

Monetta: Norris Gantt (1899); R. A. Koon (1905); R. A. Koon (1907); G. H. Gregory (1911); L. H. Sanders (1917); T. P. Raborn (1919); Luke Williamson (1923); G. L. Asbill (1925); E. L. Willis (1929-1935); L. E. Lott (1933); E. L. Willis (1937); L. A. Johnson, District 6, (1939-1941); George McCormick, 7 Wards.

Montmorenci: J. R. Stalkner (1898); R. J. Wade, Sr. (1907); H. R. Hendrix Vice to J. R. Stalkner; Robert Carpenter (1905); Tolley R. Woodward; Johnnie E. Johnson (1917); John W. Barton, Vice to Hendrix, (1909); M. O. Hewitt (1919-1921).

North Augusta: Henry Getzer (1894-1899); T. L. Harm (1903-1905) (1911-1919); J. W. Glover; J. M. Adams, Vice to Hahn, (1909); W, S. Lanier (1917); J. W. Glover (1923); W. S. Howard (1933).

Oak Grove: W. H. Sawyer (1894-1903); Thornton R. Jones (1905-1907) (1911-1917)'(1919) (1923-1925) (1933); G. H. Sawyer (1917); W. E. Hutto, Districts (1935-1941); Joe Hutto (1936); W. E. Hutto (1937-1939).

Perry: J. E. Starnes (1925).

Salley: James H. Eidson (1899); D. H. Sawyer; James E. Starnes, vice to Sawyer; Dan H. Sawyer (1929-1933-1935-1937-1941); McCave Sawyer (1929); H. N. Salley (1960).

Shows Fork: Frank Woodward (1913); Luther Shellhouse (1905).

Sleepy Hollow: W. D. Woodward (1894-1899); Wade Hankinson (1909); Abraham Widener (1903); Rhett Green (1917-1919-1921); Jesse Green 1905-1923); Chester L. Low (1929-1933); Edgar Key (1935-1937-1939); Jessie Green (1907-1911); G. Davis Toole (1941).

Vaucltise: John R. Eidson (1894); J. Pope Roton (1899-1903); J. W. Stone 0905-1907); W. R. Senn (1911); D. R. Senn (1917); D. W. Denny (1919); V. C. Denny (1923); V. C. Denny (1941).

Wagener: G. Jones Baltzeger (1894); Henry Garvin (1903-1907); W. W. Johnson (vice to E. B. Gunter); H. B. Garvin (1911-1917-1919-1921); L. B. Williams (vice); W. W. Johnson (resigned); W. H. Sawyer (1905); C. B. Sawyer (1923); H. B. Garvin (vice to C. B. Sawyer) (1925-1929-1933-1935-1937-1939); C. L.Jones, vice, (1901).

Warrenville: E. J. Craig (1903-1905-1907-1908); John D. Yaun (1905); J. G. Harrigal (1913).

Windsor: H. S. Evans (1903-1905-1907-1908); R. T. Bates (1919-1921-1923); C. W. Byers (1929); J. C. Spires (1929); Lee Cushman (1933-1935); J. C. Spires (1937); Lee Cushman (1939-1941); C. G. Corley (1911); Tommie A. Johnson (1940-58).

(photo - unable to copy) JUDGE WILLIAM M. SMOAK-Prominent Aiken Attorney and Magistrate was born in St. Matthews, July 5, 1880. He married Miss Marion Hartog of Orangeburg Their two sons are Col. William A. Smoak and Lieut. Col. Marion Smoak of Washington, D. C. judge Smoak died in 1956.

SOUTH CAROLINA GOVERNORS
FROM HAMPTON TO TIMMERMAN (1876-1957)

(photos - unable to copy) WADE HAMPTON 1876-1879; BENJAMIN RYAN TILLMAN 1890-1894; WILLIAM DUNLAP SIMPSON 1879-1880; THOMAS B. JETER Sept. 15, 1880-Nov. 30, 1880; JOHNSON HAGOOD 1880-1882; HUGH SMITH THOMPSON 1882-1886; JOHN C. SHEPPARD July 10, 1886-Nov. 30, 1886; JOHN PETER RICHARDSON 1886-1890; JOHN GARY EVANS 1894-1897; WILLIAM H. ELLERBE 1897 - 1899; MILES B. McSWEENEY 1899 - 1903; DUNCAN C. HEYWARD 1903 - 1906; MARTIN F. ANSEL 1907 - 1910; COLE L. BLEASE 1911 - 1914; CHARLES A. SMITH 1915; ROBERT A. COOPER 1919 - 1922; WILSON G. HARVEY 1922 - 1923; RICHARD I. MANNING 1915-1919; THOMAS G. McLEOD 1923 - 1927; IBRA CHARLES BLACKWOOD 1931-1935; OLIN DeWITT JOHNSTON 1935-1939; BURNET R. MAYBANK 1939- ; JOHN G. RICHARDS 1927-1931; RICHARD M. JEFFERIES 1942 - 1943; RANSOME J. WILLIAMS 1945 - 1946; J. STROM THURMOND 1947 - 1950.

(photo - unable to copy) Governor G. B. Timmerman, Jr., and his father, G. B. Timmerman, Sr., are shown holding the photograph of their grandfather and father, respectively.

Washington Hodges Timmerman, was born in Edgefield County May 29, 1832; he died at Batesburg on July 14, 1908, and was buried in the family burying ground near Eureka in Aiken County. He served as Lt. Governor from 1893-1896, inclusive, and as State Treasurer from 1897-1900, inclusive.

George Bell Timmerman, Sr., was born in Edgefield County on March 28, 1881 and he was commissioned United States District Judge by President Franklin D. Roosevelt January 23, 1942.

George Bell Timmerman, Jr., was born August 11, 1912 at Anderson. He was elected Lt. Governor in 1946 and he assumed that office at the time the Governor was inaugurated in January, 1947. He was re-elected Lt. Governor in the election of 1950 and he entered on his second term at the time of the inauguration of the Governor in January, 1951. He was elected Governor in the General Election of 1954 and he was inaugurated as such in January, 1955.

(photo - unable to copy) CAPT. THOMAS W. COWARD

To be numbered among the centenarians is a privilege enjoyed by one out of many thousands. Among those in Aiken County to live for a century, none has been more widely known and respected than Capt. Thomas Washington Coward who was born February 14, 1832, near Dunbarton in Barnwell District of which Aiken was then a part. He passed away in 1934 at the age of 102 years.

When a young man he came to Aiken and married Miss Frances Burckhalter. After living for a time at Dunbarton, they moved to Aiken and built a home in the Millbrook section of Aiken County. Mrs. Coward died in March 1874. To this marriage were born 11 children, among whom were Lawton, Gadsden who died at the age of 99, Thomas W., Jr., and Jessie who became the wife of Jason V. George and who is now living with her daughter, Mrs. Hoyt Forrest. Mrs. George is now 89 years of age. To his second marriage with Miss Josephine Owens of Dunbarton were born 9 children, among whom were Leon and Ira Coward, Ruby, Pearl, Rosa and Lottie. There were three sets of twins. Mr. Coward had 30 grandchildren and 44 great-grandchildren.

In 1856, Mr. Coward went to work for the South Carolina Railroad—at that time the longest in the World. He served as flagman, freight conductor, and finally as passenger conductor. In the War Between the States, he joined Martin's Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers, but after 4 months service he was recalled for service on the railroad, a vital link in the Confederate supply line.

When Sherman marched through South Carolina, the railroad was torn up almost all the way from Charleston to Aiken where General Joe Wheeler, leader of the Confederate Forces stopped the Union Forces under Kilpatrick in the "Battle of Aiken." Capt. Coward heard at Graniteville that the tracks had been torn up but he didn't believe this and ran his train on into Aiken, only to be met at the station by the Mayor of Aiken and advised to go back. Capt. Coward often told the story of how he saw dead men lying around the station. He backed the train into Graniteville and returned home to protect his family. He said that was the worst day he had ever known.

After the end of the war, Capt. Coward resigned from the railroad work and devoted his life to farming. In 1876 he donned a red shirt and joined forces with those who so valiantly helped to end reconstruction and restored white supremacy in the South. He was a member of the Millbrook Baptist Church where he attended services until his death.

Emmett Holley, a former prominent member of the Holley family of Aiken County. A bachelor, he has a number of nieces and nephews among the business leaders of the community. With B. F. Holley he built the present Commercial Hotel which is still in the Holley family.

(photo - unable to copy) Henry M. Dibble, a young lawyer from Michigan, came to Aiken to benefit by the climate during the early 1880's. After a period of rest and relaxation he regained his health and chose to make Aiken his adopted home.

Entering the business world he succeeded Frank B. Henderson as president of the Bank of Aiken. Mr. Henderson, becoming president of the Bank of Aiken, had the distinction of being the president of the first chartered bank in Aiken, The Bank of Aiken, chartered in 1888.

Besides banking, Mr. Dibble interested himself in various other activities. He turned to dairy fanning where he met with success. His farming activities enabled him to purchase the 700-acre estate known as the Vale of Montmorenci.

In his later years he helped establish the old Bank of Western Carolina and continued to serve the community until his death in 1927. The Dibble Library in the City of Aiken is a memorial to his generosity and civic spirit which prevailed throughout his life.

(photo - unable to copy) F. FREDERICK KENNEDY - Born: Aiken County, South Carolina, December 30, 1900.

Parents: Edmund Morgan and Emmie Johnson Kennedy.

Education: Aiken Institute, Aiken, South Carolina; Mercer University, Macon, Georgia.

Admitted to Georgia bar July, 1922.

Married October 5, 1932 to Evelyn McDaniel of Augusta, Georgia. They have one son, Fred, Jr., age 13, presently a student at Darlington School for Boys at Rome, Georgia.

Practiced law for thirty years as partner of Judge Henry C. Hammond, a native of Aiken County, son of Governor James Henry Hammond.

Served as County Attorney, Richmond County, 1931-32, and City Council of Augusta, 1943-46. Member of the Board of Trustees of the University Hospital for seven years.

Appointed Judge to the Superior Court of the Augusta Circuit, February 6, 1951 and has served in that office continuously to date.

Past Georgia Governor of Kiwanis International. Past President of Augusta Bar Association. Member of Rules Committee, Georgia Supreme Court.

Co-founder of Radio Station WGAC, Augusta, Georgia, and WFAK, Charleston, South Carolina. Pioneer in television as co-founder of WRDW-TV, Augusta, Georgia. Owner of Royal Crown Bottling Company, Augusta, Georgia.

(photo - unable to copy) ERNEST LEE ALLEN - Born: Dillon County, South Carolina, June 10, 1892, the son of David E. and Elizabeth Bethea Allen. Located in Aiken as a young man in 1914 and employed by Hendersons, Attorneys. Appointed Court Reporter in State Courts August, 1918, and continued in this capacity along with many other city and county activities until February 1, 1939, when he was named Clerk of the United States District Court, Eastern District of South Carolina, with headquarters at Charleston; being the first Clerk of Federal Court to come from outside the City of Charleston since the organization of the Federal Courts in 1876.

Married: Miss Sarah Leora Clay, of Aiken, August 1, 1916, to which union two children were born, Martha Frances and Elizabeth Clay. Was long active in public, civic, religious and political life of Aiken and Aiken County. Was the first Secretary of Aiken Chamber of Commerce, serving from May 1, 1919, when it was organized until his departure from Aiken in 1939; originated the idea and developed plans for celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of polo in Aiken, the centennial celebration in 1935; was instrumental in securing Federal Courthouse at Aiken, the Club Market, Aiken's first airport, the building of Eustis Park Athletic Field, the first paving of streets, and the development of many projects adding to the business and civic life of Aiken. Was chairman of centennial celebration of the First Baptist Church and of the Board of Deacons of the church.

Was long active in city, county and state politics, having been in charge of two state-wide political campaigns; member of State Democratic Executive Committee from Aiken County for eighteen years; Past President of Aiken Municipal Club and Aiken Democratic Club; served as Lieutenant-Colonel on the staffs of late Governors Wilson G. Harvey and Thomas G. McLeod, and State Chairman of Roosevelt campaign funds in 1932 and 1936.

Past Grand Chancellor, Grand Lodge, Knights of Pythias, South Carolina, and Fast Grand Secretary of said organization; member of Mason Lodges, Elks, the Columbia Club, the Hibernian and St. Andrew's Societies of South Carolina and Charleston Executives Club; Past President of Aiken Outing Club and organized and was Scout Master of the first Boy Scout Troop in Aiken.

(photo - unable to copy) CHRIS KLATTE—a successful merchant and businessman of Aiken. He was of German descent.

(photo - unable to copy) JOHN LAIRD - Born in Glasgow, Scotland, on October 16th, 1846, the eldest son of John and Mary Allan Laird.

After completing his education, he was engaged in a wholesale mercantile business with his father under the firm name, John Laird and Company. It is interesting to note that this business is still carried on under the same name altho' no member of the family is now connected with it. While in this business, he made a number of trips to the United States and Canada for his firm.

About the year 1871, having been advised by his Physician to leave Scotland, he came to Columbia, South Carolina, where he lived in the home of Miss Charlotte Percival. It was there that he met Mattie Percival, the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. William Percival, of Aiken, to whom he became engaged. After the wedding plans were made, he was called back to Scotland because of the serious illness of his father and his bride-to-be went to Scotland to marry him. They were the parents of six children.

After several years in Scotland, during which time their three oldest children were born, Mr. and Mrs. Laird returned to America and settled in Aiken where he engaged in business as an Architect and Builder, and later in Insurance and Real Estate. During this period he built and re-modelled some of the largest homes in Aiken and negotiated several outstanding real estate transactions, among them, the land purchased by William H. Barnard and the wooded land West of Aiken to Dr. T. C. Stone (afterwards the Real Estate and Fidelity Co.).

Mr. Laird was a member of the Presbyterian Church, the established Church of Scotland, but after coming to Aiken he attended St. Thaddeus Episcopal Church with Mrs. Laird. He was a member of the Vestry of St. Thaddeus for many years, altho' never confirmed in the Church, and took a great interest in the Choir, of which he was the director until the later years of his life.

(photo - unable to copy) Mr. Calloway Kirksey Henderson—Born in Edgefield County, near Trenton April 20, 1844, died Sept. 15, 1920. He was a prominent merchant of Aiken, a deacon and superintendent of the Sunday School of the First Baptist Church for many years. He was the father of Frank P. Henderson who served several terms as Mayor of Aiken. He served the Confederate cause as a member of Company F. 7th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry Vol. 1st Brigade, 1st D. W. 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, 1861-1865. He fought in the battles of 1st Manassass, Drury's Bluff, Seven Days Battles around Richmond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors-ville, Salem Church, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Siege of Knoxville, Wilderness, Spottsylvania. He was captured in the Battle of North Anna River and kept in prison camp at Port Lookout, Maryland, until the war closed.

(photo - unable to copy) Picture taken on my eighty-fifth birthday, April 13, 1952, on the lawn at the residence of my oldest son, Frampton W. Toole, Sr.

From left to right: Gasper L. Toole, III, Mary Durban Toole, S. Perrin Toole, Eleanor Toole Going and daughter, Lynn, in her arms, Frances Herlong Toole, Walter F. Going, Jr., Sheridan Smith, Sara Toole Beeland, Betty Toole, Dora Price Toole, Dayton L. Toole, Sr., Floy Toole Smith, Garland Toole, Marina Toole Johnson,--------Toole,--------Toole, Mrs. Garland Toole, Cleora Herrin Henkes, Claire Henkes,--------Toole,--------Wright, Washington, D. C.; Evelyn Herrin Finnegan, Shuler Woodward, Ida May Lybrand Woodward, Clare Henkes, Jr., Sarah Cox Toole (Mrs. G. L.); Harley Gene Henkes, Gasper LoRen Toole, Jr., holding Gasper LoRen Toole, IV; Lorena Herrin, James P. Herrin, Sr., Mrs. Oscar Woodward, Frances Herrin, Frampton W. Toole, Sr., holding Frances Perrin Toole; Frampton W. Toole, Jr., Fannie May Toole Herrin, Oscar Woodward, Dayton L. Toole, Jr., Edna Johnson Toole, Lillie Jones Toole, Julia Toole Mclntosh, Cleora Toole Murray,--------Tarrant, Ethel Smith Tarrant, Pearl Woodward Smith, Theodore R. Tarrant, Lorena Toole Milhous, Ha Smith, John Grigsby Milhous, Clara Johnson Wise and Walter K. Murray.

BIOGRAPHY OF STROM THURMOND

(photo - unable to copy) THURMOND, STROM. United States Senator, Lawyer and Fanner; Born Edgefield, S. C, Dec. 5, 1902; son John WiUiam and Eleanor Gertrude (Strom) Thurmond; B. S. Clemson College, 1923; psychology and other special courses summer school; S. C. Law Course and admitted to Bar in 1930; married Jean Crouch, November 7, 1947. Teacher, S. C. Schools, 1923-29; County Superintendent of Education 1929-33; State Senator, 1933-38; Served as City Attorney and County Attorney; Circuit Judge, 1938-46; Governor of S. C, 1947-51 (Chairman Southern Governors' Conference 1950). Served U. S. Army, 1st Army, European and Pacific Theatres (attached to 82nd Airborne Division for invasion with "V" Device, Army Commendation Ribbon, Purple Heart, of Europe); Decorated with Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation, Bronze Arrowhead, five Battle Stars, Medals for service in American, European and Pacific Theatres, Victory Medal, Cross of Officer of Order of the Crown (Belgium), Croix de Guerre (France); Colonel ORC, Commanding Officer, Military Government Area Headquarters 360th ORAAU; past Trustee Winthrop College (S. C. College for Women); Member S. C. Bar Association, American Bar Association, American Judicature Society, Clemson Alumni Association (Past President), Reserve Officers Association (President, S. C. Department); Military Government Association, American Legion (National Defense Committee, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Military Order of World Wars, Sons of American Revolution, Sons of Confederate Veterans, Masons, Woodmen of the World, Knights of Pythias, Moose, Elks, Junior Order of United American Mechanics (Past State Councilor); Lions Club (Past President), Farm Bureau, Grange, Democrat (Delegate National Democratic Conventions of 1932, 1936, 1948, (Chairman S. C. Delegation and elected National Committeeman) and 1952; States' Rights Democratic candidate for President of the United States in 1948, carrying four States and receiving 1,169^312 popular votes and 39 electoral votes; LL.D. Degree, 1948; Thurmond Hall, Home Economics Building at Winthrop College named for him; Honorary member National Council of Boy Scouts of America and United States Junior Chamber of Commerce. Baptist; Home: Aiken, S. C. Also the following: President, Aiken Federal Savings & Loan Association. Chairman, Aiken County Heart Association. President, Aiken County Community Chest.

(photo - unable to copy) MR. ERNEST BROWN-Postmaster of Aiken for many years. He was married to Miss Dora Belle Staubes. Their children are Lewis and Dorothy (Mrs. Calvin Whittle). His second wife was Mrs. Myrtis Wade Scott.

(photo - unable to copy) GEORGE A. DURBAN-Born 1888. Died 1943. Native of Augusta, Georgia. He came to Aiken as cashier of The First National Bank of which Mr. Dave W. Gaston was president. He married Miss Rosa Wyman, youngest daughter of Dr. Frampton J. Wyman, Sr. After the bank was dissolved, he became the cashier of The Gaston Bank and Trust Company.

He inaugurated the Durban Real Estate and Insurance Company and was very successful in this business. His children are George, Frampton, Rosalind, Adelle (Mrs. David Y. Fisher), and Mary (Mrs. Gasper L. Toole, III). Since his death, his son George has served as president of the company and his son Frampton as vice-president.

(photo - unable to copy) H. CHRISTIAN HAHN came to Aiken from Germany in 1890, as a young boy of 19 years and worked for his uncle, Henry Harm, in the grocery business. Later he became head of the firm of Hahn and Co. After his death, his son, Herman Hahn, became head of the firm. The store, located on the corner of Laurens Street and Richland Avenue was sold after the arrival of the H-Plant.

(photo - unable to copy) JOHN EVANS EUBANKS-son of Samuel D., and Etta Hatcher Eubanks. Born August 12, 1892. Brought up on the farm located near Pentecost Church on the Pine Log Road. Graduated from Wofford College in 1916 with A.B. and A.M. Degrees. Received a Master's Degree from Columbia University. Also studied at the American Academy in Rome, Italy. Married Frances Stackhouse. daughter of Rev. R. E. Stackhouse, and started teaching at Richmond Academy the same year. He has taught there continuously since that time and at the Junior College since its founding in 1925. He is the author of the book, "Ben Tillman's Baby—The Dispensary System."

(photo - unable to copy) HENRY ARTHUR-native of Clearwater Section of which he is now writing the history. Married Josie Chapman, daughter of Bunyan Chapman. They now live in Salisbury, N. C, where he is an architect.

(photo - unable to copy) AUDLEY H. WARD, a native of Florence County, but a resident of Aiken for many years, has served as District Agent of the Clemson Extension Service for the past 33 years (to 1957). He is a graduate of Clemson College and the University of Wisconsin. He served in France during World War I and is Past Department Commander and Past National Vice-Commander of the American Legion. He recently was presented a plaque and medal for having made the greatest contribution to Cancer Control in South Carolina in 1954. Mr. Ward is a member of St. John's Episcopal Church in Aiken and taught Sunday School for more than forty years.

(photo - unable to copy) LAWRENCE COURTNEY, Born 1844; Died 1921; was a prominent farmer and merchant of Aiken County for many years. He married Miss Evelyn Virginia Moseley, sister of Gideon, Barney, and George Moseley of White Pond. They reared a fine family of children, including Gideon Constatine, James Lawrence, Minnie, Reginald, Otis L., and Laurie M. I remember Minnie very pleasantly, and the thought of her brings to my mind a custom of the 1880's. Some enterprising person would give an all-day barbecue and dance. He would supply the dancing platform and a string band of colored musicians. A young man would buy a blue ribbon tag which would permit him and his partner to dance on the platform. These dances were usually held at Banks' Mill and were square dances. I danced with "Miss Minnie" on several of these occasions. She was a fine Christian woman who devoted her life to teaching. Otis was a teacher also, teaching successfully for many years at Osborne's Business College in Augusta.

James Courtney, father of Lawrence, was killed by the Yankees in 1865 at the age of fifty-four. This happened during Sherman's March when he was trying to save his home which had been set on fire by Kilpatrick's men. Three times he outened the blaze, only to have his home set afire again. The last time he put the fire out, the Yankees were so enraged that they shot him in the leg as he stood in his yard and left him to bleed to death. As there was no one to treat his wound, he dispatched a servant to a Yankee surgeon for assistance, but the Yankee refused to help and he bled to death. It was thought that the Yankees took revenge on him because he had furnished supplies from his mill to the Confederate Army. Camp Butler was located on his land at a flowing spring two and one-half miles north of Montmorenci.

(photo - unable to copy) GIDEON MOSELEY

THE MOSELEY FAMILY

The name Moseley has been a familiar name in Aiken County from its very beginning. William Moseley, grandson of Sir William Moseley who had come to Virginia in 16—, settled in Aiken long before the Revolutionary War. He was in the mercantile and banking business where the Commercial Hotel is now located. He financed the lumber rafting business on the Edisto to Charleston and on the Savannah River to Savannah for the people of several counties.

The daughter of Nathan Calderbank, the first engineer to run an engine over the South Carolina Railroad from Charleston to Hamburg, married James Alex Moseley, father of W. John Moseley who was Mayor of Aiken for several terms (see mayors).

James Moseley was Aiken's first storekeeper. His account book is owned by Mrs. John Doscher, his granddaughter. Among his customers listed in this book I find familiar names such as these: Gideon Pardue, William Browning, Willis Harden, Jerry Whitney, R. J. Moseley, John Blalock, Allen Smith, Merriman Cushman, James Cushman, Martin Burckhalter, William Woodward, Carpus Cushman, Drayton Washington Wade, Rudolphus Moseley, Salles Randall, John Williams, Elisha Woodward, Isaac Shellhouse, William Davis, Greenberry Redd, Joab Moseley, Abraham Turner, Jacob Smith, Thomas Key, Joseph Low, John Burckhalter, Patrick Davis, Richard Fortune, Edmund Kennedy, Hansford Heath, Duke Arthurs, Henry Day, Isaac Attaway, Wyley Jackson, Peter Renew, Henry Tupper, Allen Johnson, Clem* Cushman. This interesting old account book contains accounts for the years 1837-38 and items such as: 1 fine hat, $5.75; 1 black silk handkerchief, $1.00: 1 gallon wine, $1.00: 8 yards calico, $1.00: 5 lb. nails, $.50.

Mrs. Doscher also owns the oldest Bible in Aiken County one of the first editions in the United States.

Among the Moseleys, Gideon Constantine, commonly called "Gid," was born February 14, 1845, and died June 1918. He volunteered for service in the "War Between the States," February 13, 1863, and served until his company was parolled at Greensboro, North Carolina, following the surrender of Johnston's Army. He married Martha Ann Jones (Born March 15, 1851-Died June 1886).

The children of this marriage were:
Gaines Moseley (Born May 12, 1875), married Ann Floyd Ervast (transcribers note: should read East. Gaines Moseley died March 30, 1960. He is buried at the Arlington National Cemetery).
Quinida Moseley (Mrs. C. Hayes Weeks) Born May 9, 1877-Died January 1, 1950.
Mattie A. Moseley (Born April 6, 1886-Died August 24, 1886).

In January 1887, he married Wilhelmina Courtney (Born February 21, 1860-Died March 18, 1903). The children of this marriage were:
Wilhelmina Moseley (Mrs.) G. A. T. Moseley, Born Oct. 21, 1888.
Rebecca Olivia Moseley (Mrs. W. C. Grier) Born January 11, 1900.
His third marriage was to Mrs. Minnie Johnson Jordan, widow of James R. Jordan who for a long time was Clerk and Treasurer.

Mr. Moseley served on the board of registration of Aiken County after the Constitutional Convention in 189 .

His son, Games, left Aiken when he was 20 years old, to take a job as printer for the Savannah Morning News. In 1897 he joined the Marine Corps which numbered only 3,000 at that time, and was soon flung into adventures he had craved. When war broke out between Japan and Russia in 1901, he was sent with the Marines to Peking where he assisted in rescue work.

Then came World War I. Sergeant Moseley was in the first contingent to land in France and was a member of the second division, third battalion, 47th company and fifth regiment of the Marines.

Moseley first took over command of his company in the taking of Belleau Woods because of the high loss of officers. Belleau Woods ( according to Moseley was actually an advanced position useful as a cover, but the Marines did not accept it as the limit of their front and on June 6, 1918, on the second day of their exclusive occupation of this front, they attacked. Losses were reckoned at 285 officers and 7,585 men. Belleau Woods was for the United States the biggest battle since Appomattox and the most important engagement the American troops had ever had with a foreign enemy.

The Chateau-Thierry campaign was considered the turning point of the War and marked the first important stopping of the Germans. Most of the Marine fighting was by Springfield rifle fire and machine gunning.

In 1928 Moseley retired from the Marine Corps, having served 31 years with the group. He was distinguished with a citation from Gen. John A. Lejeune, Marine General and later Commandant at V.M.I.

(photo - unable to copy) JOHN THADDEUS SHULER was born at EUoree in Or-angeburg County and came to the Montmorenci section of Aiken in the 1880's. He was the employee of Mr. Owen Alderman who was in the turpentine business. He married Miss Felicia Wade, daughter of John C. Wade, but she died a few years after their marriage. Later, he married Miss Lena Boatwright, daughter of Dr. U. M. Boatwright. He ran a general store, and was both railroad agent and postmaster at Montmorenci for a number of years. The children by this marriage were Wilbur, Ethel, Eula, Haskell, and Margaret. On coming to Aiken, he entered into partnership with R. G. Tarrant in the grocery business. Later, he was a dealer in farm supplies, a cotton buyer, and fertilizer agent. He was a fine, upstanding man, a devoted member of the First Baptist Church, and Superintendent of the First Baptist Sunday School for many years. He died in

(photo - unable to copy) HENRY SUMMERALL, came to Aiken County about 1870, married a Miss Randall, sister of Lawrence Randall. Head of the family of Summerall now in Aiken County.

Farmer, lumberman dealer; a good citizen. (Photo above).

(photo - unable to copy) JULIAN GUSSIE (GUS) TOOLE

Julian Gussie Toole was the youngest of ten children of Walter Warren Toole, who owned forty slaves and a large plantation in the Talatha section of Aiken County. Except for a short interim to recover from wounds, Mr. Walter W. Toole fought the entire four years of the War Between the States. Sometime after the war, Gas was born; and when he was two years old, tragedy befell the family. One of the older ex-slaves, most of whom had remained on the farm of their master, was stricken with smallpox. White and colored residents fled from the community in terror; but Gus's father remained to nurse his faithful old slave, and he did not leave the negro cabin until death claimed its victim two weeks later. Then he, with the help of one volunteer, buried the dead, conducting the prayer service himself. Shortly thereafter, he, too, was stricken with the dread disease and died. Then one by one, his wife and several children were taken ill and died with the same disease. The survivors of the family were:

Walton Warren Toole who later became prominent as the originator of the Toole Cottonseed sold all over the South. He resided near Hamburg. His grandson, Alton Toole, has just completed a term as Mayor of North Augusta.

Julian Gussie (photo above) who married Henrietta Heath and after the first few years of marriage moved to North Augusta where they lived until her early death. Four children were born to them—two of whom died in their youth. Willie Lee, the older of the surviving daughters, married James P. Murrah of Batesburg, S. C. Henrietta, the younger, married Dr. D. O. Rhame of Clinton, S. C.

Gilbert Toole.

Ida Toole, who married Richard Sprawls of Williston, S. C. Their children are Bryant Sprawls and Mary Lou Sprawls.

Lavinia Toole married Hansford Johnson, grandfather of Hansford Johnson who is a prominent farmer of the Talatha Community.

Two sisters of Gus, Hettie and Ella, died in their early womanhood.

(photo - unable to copy) FRANKLIN WALTER TOOLE, affectionately known as "Redhaired Frank," was a prominent farmer of the Treadway section of Aiken County. His greatgrandfather was Isaac Toole, his grandfather was La Vance Hope Toole who married Talitha Toole, his first cousin. Franklin Toole was born March 14, 1856. He married Ida Redd and they had two children—a son, Lee La Vance (Born Jan. 2, 1882—Died Dec. 25, 1956). His second marriage was to Annie Zellicoffer (Zella) Strom. To this marriage was born the following children:

Melvin Gonzales (born Aug. 31, 1886-died March II, 1948); Wm. Franklin (born Jan. 14, 1889); George Samuel (born Feb. 23, 1891); Ethel Talitha (born Feb. 4, 1894) who married Roy Osborne (Deceased). She now lives in North Augusta. Her daughter, Peggy (Mrs. Ray Messick) lives in Aiken and has two sons, Raymond Osborne and Warren Royal; Irene Belle Whitnor (born March 30, 1898, married Walter J. McGarr of Cordele, Georgia, died July 1, 1927); Walter Stone (bom Jan. 31, 1901); and Norma (born Sept. 9, 1902).

Franklin Toole moved to Georgia and became a successful farmer of Mid-ville, Georgia.

THEODORE GEDDINGS TARVER - Theodore Geddings Tarver was born in Hephizbah, Georgia, February 1st, 1885. He was the son of Dr. F. E. Tarver and Annie Malone Tarver, who were prominent in the civic, cultural and business life of that community. His bank career began with his employment with the one-time Planters Loan and Savings Bank in 1908, and from that institution he allied himself with the Citizens and Southern Bank, both in Augusta, Georgia. When he was advanced to the vice-presidency of the latter moving to Macon, Georgia, he served with the title of executive vice-president.

From Aiken, Mr. Tarver came to Aiken to settle the affairs of the now defunct Bank of Western Carolina. At that time he moved his family to Aiken where they still make their home.

A very successful businessman, Mr. Tarver became one of the leaders in Aiken's financial circles. In the capacity of a banker he had the honor some years ago, of having made the first FHA loan in this area. Likewise he made the first loan recorded on an aeroplane, taking the mortgage on the plane as security.

His hobby was golf, and with his aid the present Municipal Golf Course came into being. An ardent sportsman, he had his own string of thoroughbreds.

He was married to the former Miss Edith Stokes of Charleston, South Carolina. Their children, Mrs. J. W. Thurmond (Elizabeth Tarver), Mrs. W. G. Wallenburg (Edith Tarver), Mrs. J. Rembert DuBose (Grace Tarver) and Mrs. Berkeley Hansworth (Dede Tarver).

JUDGE JAMES ALDRICH was the only son of James T. and Isabel Aldrich. He was born in the village of Barnwell July 25, 1850. In the winter of 1864-1865 Dr. Roper, founder of the Roper Hospital of Charleston, formed a military company called the "Cradle and Grave Company," the Civil War being near an end. It was composed of young boys and old men. James Aldrich though only fourteen years of age entered the service of the Confederacy.

In 1869 he entered Washington and Lee University where General Robert E. Lee was serving as president. Because of lack of means to continue in 1872 James had to leave college without his diploma. Before he left he was chosen as one of the Guards of Honor to attend the body of the matchless Lee as it lay in state. Returning home to Barnwell in 1872 he took up the dilligent study of law under his father and was admitted to the bar on January 20, 1873. After this he located at Aiken where the County had just been formed and procured a large practice until 1889. He was one of the corps of lawyers that defended without pay the Ellenton rioters in the U. S. Court at Charleston—they were acquitted. He served one term in the House of Representatives from Aiken County. Judge Aldrich was elected to the S. C. Legislature in 1889 and served continuously until his death. On December 14, 1874 Judge Aldrich married Miss Frances Lebby of Charleston. They had three children, one of them being the late Anna Lebby Hall, married to the late Huger T. Hall of Aiken, South Carolina. Anna Lebby and Huger T. Hall also had three children—Anna Lebby, Huger T., Jr., and Aldrich. Anna Lebby married Wilson Prothro and had one child, she too is named Anna Lebby (she is called Bing).

Judge Aldrich had a kind and loving disposition and was learned in law and made a good Judge.

Frampton W. Toole, born February 13, 1891, at Montmorenci, Aiken Ccanty, S. C; educated at College of Charleston; University of South Carolina in law, and has practiced at the Aiken Bar for forty-four years; married Lillian Winifred Jones, of Wagener, S. C. April 22, 1914, and the following children born of the union, viz: Lillian Winifred Toole, born February 4th, 1915, died April 27, 1917; Margery Toole (Smoak) born February 3rd, 1919; Frank Pickens Toole, 2nd, born December 27, 1916, died December 18, 1935; Eleanor Toole (Going), born October 29th, 1921; Frampton W. Toole, Jr., born September 18th, 1923; Gasper Loren Toole, III, born January 7,1926; Abner Perrin Toole, born April 27, 1930, died April 29, 1930; Sarah Lee Toole (Beeland) born April 13, 1933; Betty Lou Toole, born April 13, 1933 (twin). (Photo among legislators).

(photo - unable to copy) CHARLES L. WEEKS - Prominent citizen and farmer of Aiken County. He was born on October 23, 1865. He died January 11, 1946. He was married to Ella Seigler on January 4, 1891. He had three children —Elton, Theodore Clifton and Mrs. Eunice Venning. His two grandchildren are Charles Murrell Venning and Theodore Clifton Weeks, both prominent citizens of Montmorenci, S. C.

(photo - unable to copy) ON THEIR HONEYMOON

L. HOLLEY GOSS (B. 1882) and his wife, Mary McCarty Goss, of Aiken. They were married June 20, 1908. Prominent farmer and veterinarian. Their children are: Lena (m. W. D. Gingrey, Auto Dealer); Julian A., Fertilizer Dealer, (m. Mildred Baughman of Wagener in 1938); and William E. Goss.

(photo - unable to copy) MORGAN HUTTO-Prominent merchant and farmer of New Holland.

(photo - unable to copy) JAMES TALBOTT CANNON was born in Bourbon County, Kentucky in 1862, the son of Dr. Newton Cannon. In 1889, he married Isabel Durant, daughter of George F. Durant of Boyd, Kentucky. For many years he was a stockholder and director of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. He was a director of the bank at Boyd, the Latonia National Bank at Latonia, the Farmer's National Bank at Cynthiana, and president of the Union Bank at Berry—all in Kentucky. He also served as trustee of the Harrison County Hospital, Cynthiana, and the Good Samaritan Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky.

Mr. Cannon took an active interest in church affairs. He served as secretary and treasurer of the Kentucky Conference Board of Finance of the Methodist Church, and was treasurer of the Preachers' Aid Society. He was a delegate to General Conferences at Hot Springs, Chattanooga, Dallas, Jackson, Birmingham, and Kansas City. In 1906, Mr. Cannon and his family began spending winters in Aiken, where he built a home. In later years he retired from his banking, agricultural, and mercantile interests to live in Aiken until his death in 1942.

(photo - unable to copy) MR. JAMES EDWIN KERR - Poet-Laureate of South Carolina and one of most distinguished poets of our time. He resided in Aiken, S. C. for a number of years. Below is one of his poems concerning South Carolina:

I love you, Carolina, Whose bosom guards the dust In dale and glen of gentlemen, Who died to keep the trust.

Thy health, my hallowed shrine, dear, Where nightly sires trod, And nobly wrought that sons be taught, To love thee next to God.

I love you, Carolina, And every breeze that blows, Across your breast from east to west, From palm to mountain rose.

(photo - unable to copy) MARTIN B. WOODWARD - Martin B. Woodward was born in Montmorenci, S. C, in Aiken County in 1859 and died February 17, 1900. His wife, Lida Par-due Woodward, died the next June, 1901. He was the son of J. J. Woodward, He graduated from Washington and Lee University in 1882 and was admitted to the Bar in November of that year. He was elected Mayor of Aiken in 1896 without opposition. In 1898 he was elected to the State Legislature where he at once became a marked man, if not leader of that body. He had one son, Theron Woodward, also a graduate of Washington and Lee Liniversity, who now resides in Columbia, S. C, and married Miss Elizabeth Brown of that city. His daughter, Mrs. Bernice Clowe, resides in this city.

(photo - unable to copy) Mr. and Mrss. Joseph Allen Johnson and family. The children of Mr. Johnson are seated on the second row. From left to right, they are: Lonnie L. Johnson, Adine Johnson Lybrand, Monteree Johnson, Hasting Johnson, Otto B. Johnson, Cullen R. Johnson, J. A. Johnson, Jr., Mrs. Joseph Allen (Ada Redd) Johnson, Mr. Joseph Allen Johnson, Leila Johnson Baggott, Nellie Johnson Dubose, Virgie Johnson Smith, Thomas A. Johnson, Belva M. Johnson Williams, A .Talbert Johnson, and a grandchild, Mary Lee Dubose Gay. This picture was taken on October 29, 1939, celebrating his seventy-sixth birthday. Others in the picture are grandchildren, great-grandchildren, sons-in-law, daughters-in-law, and Willie Johnson, his brother. Mr. Johnson was an outstanding citizen, a devoted member of Mt. Beulah Baptist Church, and a trustee of Mt. Beulah and Windsor Schools for many years.

(photo - unable to copy) Jason W. Woodward was born 22nd of June 1869. He was the son of Sarah Toole Woodward and John Woodward. The wife of Jason W. Woodward was Hattie Annie Stalnaker. Married 20th of November 1890. Hattie Annie's parents were James Robert Stalnaker and Mary Elizabeth Strom. The children Hattie Pearle Woodward—Born August 12th 1891. Charles Robert Woodward-Born October 15th 1893. Jason Leroy Woodward—Born February 5th, 1896. Davis Ashley Woodward-Born April 7th 1898. Annie Ruby Woodward^Born December 10th 1901. Lucile Woodward-Born August 5th 1904. Oscar Edward Woodward—Born August 25th 1907.

Hattie Pearle Woodward was married to Ila Amos Smith, December 18th 1910. They had three children, Edna Pearle Smith, Ila A. Smith, Jr., Ethel Ruby Smith.

Edna Pearle Smith married John Henry Permenter. To them were born three sons, John Benjiman and Edward Ila—(twin sons). Julian Kenneth Permenter, Ila Amos Smith, Jr. died at age of two months.

Ethel Ruby Smith married Robert Theodore Tarrant. To them were born two sons Robert Theodore, Jr. and Michael Smith Tarrant.

Charles Robert Woodward died at age of two years.

Jason Leroy Woodward married Lillian Stalnaker. They had a daughter and two sons, Jason Leroy Woodward, Jr., Robert Woodward, Kathleen Woodward.

Davis Ashley Woodward married Marie Coward. They had two daughters, Frances Woodward and Mildred Woodward.

Frances Woodward married Dr. Courtland Berry, they have two daughters, Beverly and Donna Berry.

Mildred Woodward married James A. Hiegel, they have two daughters, Nancy and Jamie Hiegel. Lucile Woodward died in infancy.

Annie Ruby Woodward married Curtis E. Johnson, son of Willie O. and Bettie Seigler Johnson. They had two daughters, Bettie Evelyn Johnson and Ruby Ann Johnson. Bettie Evelyn Johnson married William Carlyle Copley. To hem were born a son, William Carlyle Copley, Jr., and a daughter, Valerie Ann Copley. Ruby Ann Johnson married L. S. McCormick, Jr. To them were born two sons, Bruce Kent McCormick and Steven Curtis McCormick.

Oscar Edward Woodward married Vynette Carol Houston, daughter of Julius Houston of Blakely, Ga. They had two children Norman Edward Woodward, son Jean Carolyn Woodward, daughter Norman Edward Woodward married Bebe Helen Kneece. To them were born two sons, Kes Edward Woodward, Guy Jason Woodward. Jean Carolyn Woodward married Oscar Lamar Williams, to them were born a daughter, Roseann Elizabeth Williams.

HISTORY OF MARION S. TOOLE AND FAMILY

Marion S. Toole, Born Nov. 14th, 1844, married Susan I. Williams, Dec. 1870, Died Feb. 22nd, 1926.

Wife—Susan I. Williams, daughter of Rev. John Williams, was born June 6th, 1839, Died July 30th, 1909. To this union was born John W. Toole, Drayton L. Toole, Susie M. Toole. John W. Toole was born Dec. 8th, 1872, was married to Eula Johnson, Dec. 1906. They had 2 children Irene and Edwin W. Toole. Irene Toole, married T. J. Williams from Allendale Dec. 1930. They have two children, Jenette and Thomas.

Dayton L. Toole, was born Sept. 10th, 1874 was married to Dora E. Price from Johnson, S. C, Dec. 28th, 1899.

To this union was born: Marina S. Toole—Birth June 3rd, 1909. Dayton L. Toole, Jr., born Sept. 11th, 1906. Garland P. Toole, born Nov. 1914. Marina S. Toole married June 1st, 1929 to L. W. Garvin. Dayton L. Toole married Nov. 29th, 1935 to Edna W. Johnson. Garland P. Toole.

Susie M. Toole married Luther C. Sprawls—Jan. 24th, 1904. Children: Murry Sprawls born Nov. 4, 1904, married April 11, 1936 to Gladys Hayes. L. C. Sprawls born Dec. 12, 1907, married July 23, 1932' David Sprawls born Nov. 27, 1909, married July 10, 1937 to Elizabeth Chance. Phillip Sprawls, 1915. Annie Leila Sprawls born Sept. 9, 1920. John Sprawls born Sept 28, 1913, married Gwendolyn Howell of Georgetown, S. C. June 21, 1936. L. C. Sprawls married 1932 in Newark, N. J. to Hazel Drake, July 23.....FACTS GIVEN ME BY G. K. TOOLE, NOV. 14th, 1935

G. K. Toole, born Oct. 20th, 1856, Annie Johnson, Jan. 16th, 1879, (Died, April 23rd, 1924).

Children: Birdie Toole, born Oct. 18th, 1879. (Died, Jan. 23rd, 1919). Robert Ransey Toole, III, born, Sept. 19th, 1886. Ethel Toole Shuler, born Sept. 4th, 1889, married Edward Shuler, Sept. 12th, 1912. Two children: Annie Louise Shuler, born Oct. 31st, 1913. John Wade Shuler, born Aug. 3, 1920. Floy Toole Smith, born Sept. 23rd, 1893, married George Sherdian Smith, June 1919. Two children. Helen Floy Smith, born Mar. 23rd, 1920. Catherine Estelle Smith, Dec 23rd, 1921. Estelle Toole, bom Sept. 30, 1896, married to John R. Martin. 1 child, Ann born, April 1, 1927.

G. K. Toole, Jr., born Nov. 28th, 1899. G. K. Toole, Sr., married second time to Mrs. Alice A. Mitchell of Ark., Jan. 13th, 1929, at Memphis.

(photo - unable to copy) BIRDIE TOOLE, daughter of G. K. and Annie Johnson Toole, Aiken County.

(photo - unable to copy) GEDDINGS CUSHMAN, SR. Prominent businessman of Aiken.

(photo - unable to copy) CHITTY WOODWARD was a brother of McDuffie Woodward of Scott Lake section.

(photo - unable to copy) J. WILEY WOODWARD, who was named after his grandfather, my father's first cousin. A successful farmer and businessman, including his long service as County Commissioner, and on the Advisory Board of the Aiken branch of the State Bank and Trust, Greenwood Bank.

Son of Lafayette Woodward and Josephine Swearingin of Trenton. Born July 18, 1883. Married Ethel Seigler, a daughter of Edward Seigler. Children: Harry A. Woodward and Clyde Lafayette Woodward.

(photo - unable to copy) H. LAWRENCE RANDALL-Married Alzum Moseley. eldest daughter of James A. Moseley. The wedding ceremony was performed by Rev. Lucius Cuth-bert, October 18, 1871. A charter member of the Town Creek Baptist and a superintendent of the Sunday School for 45 years. A prominent resident of the Millbrook section. His children were Eva, Annie, Mattie, Imond, Eunice, Alfred, Lucius, Jenkins, Moseley and Mrs. Idell Randall Allison, the last named a resident of Aiken.

(photo - unable to copy) JOE REDD-Born August 8, 1849; Died October, 1950. Married Georgia Jackson. Children: Ernest, Otis, Lonnie, Bennie and Josie. A resident, farmer and merchant of Montmorenci.

(photo - unable to copy) MR. AND MRS. GEORGE WRIGHT-He served the public of Redd's Branch section for over 50 years as a miller. He compounded many philosophical sayings and an excellent entertainer.

(photo - unable to copy) D. W. JOHNSON-China Springs Community. Grandfather of Dewey Johnson, President of the State Bank and Trust Co.

(photo - unable to copy) ALEXANDER CARSWELL was born at Wadley, Georgia, April 1, 1878. He came to Aiken in 1900. He served on the Commission of Public Works for 24 years, along with H. N. Schroder, F. W. Wessels, and R. G. Tarrant. His children are: Mrs. Arthur B. Fairy, Mrs. Bennie Permenter, Mrs. Thelma Holley William A. Carswell, and Mrs. P. T. Clamp. He is a member of St. John's Methodist Church, Aiken.

(photo - unable to copy) Left to right: Mrs. J. U. Rivers, Edgefield, formerly of Aiken; Mrs. E. P. Henderson, and Mrs. Charles Hill, Sr.

(photo - unable to copy) THE WYMAN FAMILY

Joel W. Wyman was the progenitor of the Wyman family in South Carolina. After graduating in the first graduating class of Amherst College, he secured a position as Preceptor at Boiling Springs Academy, Barawell, S. C. He married Clementine Hay, daughter of Lewis Scott Hay of Barnwell, March 20,1832, one year after his graduation from South Carolina Medical College. He was a Physician in Prince William's Parish, Beaufort County, until his retirement in 1865.

The Wyman family has a record which perhaps has never been equalled in medicine by any other family in this country. In five generations this family has given 27 men to the practice of medicine. Of these, twelve have been Aiken-born or resided in Aiken. Dr. Ben Wyman, Sr. was the first to come to Aiken but was soon followed by his brothers Dr. Hastings, Sr. and Dr. Frampton, Sr. Their descendants in the Medical Profession are Dr. Harry Wyman, Dr. Ben Wyman II who practiced in Aiken but moved to Columbia, S. C, to head the State Health Department, Dr. Marion Hay boy Wyman, a Urologist in Columbia, Dr. Hastings Wyman, Jr., Dr. Holbrook Wyman, a Dentist and Mayor of Aiken, Dr. Ben Wynian, III, also a member of the State Health Department of which his father was the head, Dr. Frampton Wyman, grandson of Dr. Frampton Wyman, Sr. and a resident of Milwaukee, Wis.; Dr. Wallace D. McNair and Dr. Dibble Wyman, both residents of Aiken and practicing Physicians at this time. (1957).

(photo - unable to copy) ANDREW J. JONES

Prominent Aiken county resident following the War Between The States. At the age of 15 years he was a mail-carrier between Lexington and Aiken. On one of his mail delivery days he approached the city of Aiken on horseback with his pack of mail. It was during the height of the battle in 1865 when the forces of General Wheeler were successful in defeating the forces of General Kilpatrick in the battle that raged around Aiken. Mr. Jones was the father of the former Miss Lily Jones, now Mrs. Frampton Toole, St., and Spurgeon Jones, Aiken and Mrs. Pansy Buford, Langley.

(photo - unable to copy) H. P. DYCHES - Prominent business man of Aiken. Born in Barnwell County. B. T. Dyches and Son Builders' Supply. Founder of Mrs. Henry A. Clark and Mrs. S. H. Koon.

(photo - unable to copy) MRS. MARTHA J. COLEMAN - Teacher and principal in Aiken City Schools for more than 30 years.

(photo - unable to copy) MRS. CLEORA TOOLE MURRAY - Principal of Windsor Elementary School. Teacher in Aiken County Schools for 25 years.

(photo - unable to copy) MRS. MABLE GARDNER BRIDSON

(photo - unable to copy) J. A. JORDON, LEFT, AREA CONSERVATIONIST OF DENMARK, IS SHOWN presenting awards to Aiken county farmers who planted or maintained outstanding stands of Bermuda Coastal grass. The awards, given by the Aiken Soil Conservation District Supervisors, went to, (1-r), Ashton Head of Aiken, C. M. Swearingen of Monetta, G. M. Quattlebaum of Wagener and Harold Holley of Aiken. (Photo by Harvey.)

(photo - unable to copy) MANLEY RANDALL of the Windsor Community—father John and Luthe Randall, brother of Berry Randall of Montmorenci. He lived to be 92 years old.

(photo - unable to copy) Robert Ransey Toole and his wife, Ada Johnson Toole of Montmorenci.

(photo - unable to copy) JAMES L. KEEL - Postmaster and merchant at Montmorenci.

(photo - unable to copy) DR. ARTHUR CUSHMAN WADE - Son of Richard J. Wade and Jane Woodward Wade of Montmorenci, S. C. Graduated at the Augusta, Ga. Medical College in 1898. First marriage was to the daughter of Mr. William Chapman of Augusta. He overcame all handicaps to procure his M.D. diploma. He was a successful doctor of Augusta tor over half a century

(photo - unable to copy) G. L. TOOLE AND FAMILY INCLUDING STEPMOTHER AND BROTHER FRANK P. TOOLE, 1913.

The author's mother was Susan Lanier Hardin, who was the daughter of Russell Hardin, born in March 1798, in old Edgefield district on the Martintown Road about twelve miles north of Augusta in South Carolina. Her mother was Elizabeth Curry; and, she was the sister of Silas Lanier, who is mentioned in the first census of the United States in 1790. She died during the year 1880.

The author's grandmother, on his father's side, was Polly Woodward, the daughter of William Woodward, and the said William Woodward was the son of Charles Woodward, whose name also appears in the first census of the United States in 1790, as having a family of four people at that time and six slaves. They were all natives of Montmorenci in Aiken County. Polly Woodward was born in 1797 and died July, 1878. After the death of her husband, David Toole, she remarried Carpus Cushman. By that marriage the following children were born, viz: George Cushman, James Cushman, Chris C. Cushman, Elzie Cushman, and Jabe B. Cushman, and several daughters, all of whose decendants are in Aiken County now.

(photo - unable to copy) EDGAR A. BROWN. Lawyer, at Barnwell; h. July 11, 1888, in Aiken Co.; s. Augustus Abraham and Elizabeth Barker (Howard) Brown, of Aiken Co.; attended common schools and Graniteville Academy; moved to Barnwell in 1908; court stenographer Second Circuit 1908-18; Dec. 30, 1913, m. Annie Love Sit-greaves, of Laurens; Colonel on Gov. Cooper's staff; chm. Co. Dem. Exec. Com. and member State Dem. Exec. Com. since 1914; State Chairman Executive Com. 1922-26; delegate at large Nat. Dem. Conv., N. Y. 1924; Candidate for U. S. Senate 1926; previous service in House 1921-26, Speaker 1925-26; Senate 1929-39.

(photo - unable to copy) BUTLER B. HARE, son of James and Elizabeth Black Hare, born November, 1875 in what is now Saluda County, attended the public rural schools until he went to Newberry College where he received the A.B. degree in 1899. After teaching a few years in public schools and in Leesville College he attended George Washington University where he received his M.A. degree, and then attended Georgetown University Law School where he obtained his LL.B. degree, the honorary degree of LL.D. being later conferred upon him by Newberry College. In the meantime he married Miss Kate E. Etheredge, also of Saluda County, S. C. They have two sons, Robert H. and James B. Hare, both of whom are lawyers. After serving as Secretary to two members of Congress, the Hon. George W. Croft and his successor, the Hon. Theodore G. Croft, both of whom lived in Aiken, S. C, Mr. Hare was elected to Congress in 1924 to represent the second Congressional District of South Carolina and, after serving in that capacity for a period of eight years he retired for a period of six years, or until 1938 when he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives from the third Congressional District of S. C. which he served eight successive years or until 1947. Since then he has been actively engaged in the practice of law, and looking after his cattle and farming operations.

(photo - unable to copy) Reverend Hezekiah Kneece was originally from the Monetta Section. He was born August 7, 1858 and died August 24, 1896. He married Donna, the oldest daughter of Eldridge Johnson who was a pillar in Darien Baptist Church and Unity Toole Johnson who was the daughter of Benjamin Toole of the Sunnyside Section near the Upper Three Runs. [Unity Toole Johnson was born in 1819 and died September 4, 1906]. The children were Nettie, Mattie, Ethel, Retha, Hezekiah and Martin Kesler. Reverend Kneece entered the ministry and was ordained at Darien. He served as past or of Darien, Montmorenci, Talatha, and other churches in the county.

(photo - unable to copy) WESLEY JOHNSON (See his story in the story of the Spring Branch Community)

(photo - unable to copy) REV. WAYNE MONTGOMERY HITT - Born Dec. 1, 1847; married Mary Eugenia (Jenny) Carter; children: Pierce Y. (deceased), Lula (Mrs. T. L. Hahn), (deceased), Wayne M. Hitt, Jr., deceased; Daisy Lee (Mrs. Hampton Cushman), Aiken; H. Gordon, Travelers Rest; F. Herman, Elko; John M. (deceased); James E., Dunedin, Fla.; Robert M., Bamberg. Was pasttor of numerous Baptist churches in Aiken County, including Darien, Montmorenci; Sweetwater, Clearwater No. 1, Langley, and other country churches. Was pastor at Sweetwater about 20 years. Last pastorate was at Dunedin, Fla., where he died in 1926.

ROBERT MELVIN HITT - Born in Aiken County Sept. 22, 1886, son of the Rev. M. W. and Jennie Carter Hitt; attended the public schools of Aiken County and the Aiken Institute; married Weinona Strom in 1911; children: Dorothy (Mrs. T. B. Thrailkill), Bamberg; Robert Mel-vin Hitt, Jr., editor The Evening Post, Charleston; Caroline (Mrs. C. L. Stuckey), Charlotte.

Reporter, Aiken Journal and Review, 1906-10; co-owner, editor Aiken Sentinel 1910-12; editor, Timmonsville Enterprise, 1912; co-publisher, editor, The Bamberg Herald, 1914-30; Editor and publisher, The Herald, 1930-51.

Secretary-treasurer, Edisto Building and Loan Association since 1922; member National Editorial, Palmetto, and South Carolina Press Associations; South Carolina Democrat (secretary county convention 1940-52): member and life deacon First Baptist Church, Bamberg; secretary Sunday School for 37 years; member Lions and Men's Garden clubs. Since 1951 editorial writer for The Bamberg Herald.

ROBERT MELVIN HITT, Jr. - Born in Bamberg June 12, 1914; son of R. M. and Weinona Strom Hitt. Married Ann Pringle Leonard of Charleston; children: Joan, Dianne, Nancy, Bobby/ Jack. Attended Bamberg schools and graduated from The Citadel. Accepted position as reporter on News and Courier in 1936; served as sports editor; transferred to The Evening Post about 1950 as news editor; later made editor, .which position he now holds. Member St. Philip's Episcopal Church, Charleston, served as vestryman several years. Has served as President of Charleston Lions Club, Country Club, Commodore Charleston Yacht Club.

(photo - unable to copy) MRS. LEON HOLLEY-a devoted W. M. U. worker and Sunday School worker in the First Baptist Church of Aiken (1958).

(photo - unable to copy) J. A. M. GARDNER One-time Aiken Co., Treasurer

(photo - unable to copy) JOHN T. ARTHUR—prominent farmer of the Clearwater Section and county commissioner of Aiken County. Rode with the Red Shirts, 1876. His son, Henry Arthur, is now writing a book of the Clearwater Section of Aiken County.

JAMES ALTAMOUNT MARSHAL GARDNER AIKEN CO. TREASURER - Son of Dr. James Marshal Gardner and Elizabeth Mary (Hartte) Gardner. Born June 3, 1848-D. April 29, 1929-was a direct descendant of Thomas Gardner came to America from Dorsetshire, England in 1624.

J. A. M. Gardner married Oct. 20, 1874-Martha Stroble Hard-who was born in Charleston Dec. 31, 1897. D. Feb. 28, 1926. Children.

Catherine Strobel Gardner, born Feb. 1876, died Feb. 9, 1948. On Feb. 28, 1926, she married Dr. A. R. Williams. She is buried in the Aiken cemetery.

Benjamin Hard Gardner, born Oct. 19, 1881. On June 1, 1908, he married Blanche McNary.

Mabel Ians Gardner, born Jan. 10, 1884. On Sept. 4, 1932, she married John Thomas Bridson.

Ernest Altamont Gardner, born Dec. 8, 1886. On Aug. 29, 1917, he married Violet Davis.

J. A. M. Gardner died in Aiken, S. C, April 29, 1929, and all the people of Aiken mourned his passing. He is buried in the cemetery at Graniteville, S. C.

BENJAMIN HARD GARDNER - Benjamin Hard Gardner (hereafter referred to as B. H. Gardner) was born on a farm about five miles north of Aiken, S. C, on October 19, 1881, the son of J. A. M. Gardner and Martha Hard Gardner—graduated Aiken Institute—Clemson College in Electric Engineering—June 1903—Employed by General Electric Company— and occupied several positions in this and other fields of his chosen profession—Married at Mansfield, Ohio to Blanch McNary—June 1, 1908.

They became the parents of two children, viz: Martha V. Gardner. Born August 4, 1913.

Married on June 3, 1938. She married Dr. John Ramon Krohn. They have their children John Ramon, Jr., Jeanne and Jane Christopher.

Benjamin Hard Gardner B—June 21, 1916. Married—Martha Nettleton of Seattle, Washington-Nov. 21, 1942. Their children: Sandra Nettleton, B-May 28, 1948, Robert Walter B-May 10, 1946 and Benjamin Hard III, B-May 28, 1948.

(photo - unable to copy) JEROME B. BURCKHALTER, Born January 21, 1846; Died June 9, 1914; was a successful farmer who lived on the Whiskey Road in the Millbrook section of Aiken County. He married Savannah George and they had fourteen children—Collie Clayton, now living in Florida; Lallice Ludvic, George, Riley Heyward, Ber-nice, Roberts, Chester, Eloise, Lulie, Ethel, Mamie, Pet, Lillie, and Pearl. All lived to adulthood except Lillie who died when she was two years old. Misses Bernice, Mattie, Pet (Mrs. R. G. Weimortz), Eloise, Mamie, and Pearl (Mrs. J. Gaston Albea), have lived in Aiken for many years. Miss Pet has made Daytona, Florida her home for some time, and recently Miss Bernice has made her home there.

(photo - unable to copy) MRS. VANCE LIVINGSTON - Pioneer in Aiken County Home Demonstration Clubs and Farm Women's Council.

(photo - unable to copy) DR. CHARLES TOOLE (B. July 30, 1864-D. Nov. 28, 1952) and his family. His children are Giles, George, and baby Frank. His wife was Addie Hall of Barnhill, Illinois. Later a daughter, Rebecca, was born to this marriage and a son, Philip. He was the author of "Pathways To Peace." He was a good doctor and at one time the county health doctor . The following extract is taken from his book.

GREATNESS

He who would be great must first learn life's invaluable lesson of humility, thereby acquiring self-control. He must be truthful so that his veracity will remain unquestioned. He must be industrious in order that he be honest, thrifty and self-reliant. He must practice self-denial, having in his mind the Christly life's essential thought—that earthy happiness consists not in the indulgence of selfish pleasures. But, he, on the other hand, must feel that the real purpose of life is to contribute to the welfare of others. Moreover, he must be thoughtful, earnest, grateful and sincere. And having inward consciousness of God's blessedness, he must await Heaven's reward to those who are merciful, patient, kind and true. And he must, withal, possess the unfailing courage of conviction, so that his identity will be established as a person of honor. Thus would he develop character—life's foundation of usefulness, which alone constitutes true greatness!

(photo - unable to copy) James M. Wade and Family. He was a merchant and postmaster at Montmorenci. (B. 1865—D. 1894). He married Minnie the oldest daughter of Sheriff Martin V. Tyler and Rosa Woodward Tyler. Their children are: Myrtis Wade Scott Brown, Rosa Wade Holland, James M. Wade, Jr., Tyler Wade, Minnie May Wade Durst. His widow, Mrs. Minnie Tyler Wade, married Preston Johnson of Windsor. Their children are: Elmer Johnson, Bernice Johnson, and Gladys Johnson.

Mr, Ernest L. Garvin, prominent farmer and business man.

(photo - unable to copy) NATHAN PERSKY - Born March 28, 1888, White Russia. Graduated Jewish Theological Seminary of Volozin. Came to this country Jan. 11, 1911. For seven years teacher and principal in Hebrew Schools of Chattanooga, Tenn. and New York. Came to Savannah, Ga. in 1918 and entered grocery business. Was president of Savannah Food Dealers. Served as treasurer of Georgia Food Dealers Assn.

Married Esther Surasky of Aiken in 1925. Came to Aiken in 1932. Owner and manager of Persky's Dept. Store. Has a daughter, Eve, and one son, Mordecai, and two grandchildren: Marty Alter, 10 years, and Lisa Persky, 2 years.

Our Jewish Synagogue, Greenville Street and Barnwell Ave., erected 1924. Nathan Persky served as president and spiritual leader for 22 consecutive years. The organizers and builders of the Synagogue were M. S. Polier, B. M. Surasky.

(photo - unable to copy) MR. AND MRS. RUPERT W. TAYLOR - Devoted members of the First Baptist Church. He was a deacon until his death. Also Superintendent of the Sunday School. He was Magistrate at Aiken 1941-51. (photo - unable to copy) PHILLIPS WEDDING ANNIVERSARY-Left to right: Mrs. Vernail Kirldand Weeks, Tony W. Weeks, Rev. O. E. Tebow, Mrs. Nelly Atterberry Ready, Miss Irine Forest, J. C. Phillips, Mrs. O. E. Tebow, Mrs. Allie Sorgee Phillips, J. A. Beaty, Mrs. Albert Feaster, Rev. Benj. Sorgee, Mrs. J. A. Beaty, Albert Feaster, A. E. Flander, Mrs. A. E. Flander.

ASCAUGA LAKE

Capt. John C. Phillips, a retired Merchant Marine Captain, moved to Aiken County, near Graniteville, in 1931. He built Ascauga Lake on the west side of Little Horse Creek. His home, which is one of the county's showplaces has many unique features. It is built of stones gathered from all over the world. Among them is one stone taken from the bombed-out cathedral in which "Joan of Arc" was convicted; another was taken from Hitler's retreat in the Bavarian Alps. Edison Marshall, noted novelist of Augusta, Georgia, contributed rocks from Istanbul, Turkey; British Somaliland; and East Africa. His novel, "American Captain," contains a character named for Capt. Phillips. One column of the porch of the Philhps home is shaped like a Lighthouse and is constructed of rocks from forty-eight different countries and most of the states. In the living room is a beautiful stone fireplace, a masterpiece of masonry, containing a map of the United States. Each state in the map is made of a stone from that state, in the shape of the state. Although the name, Ascauga, has an Indian sound, it is not an Indian name, but was originated by Mr. Phillips. He used the first three letters for Aiken, South Carolina, and the last four letters for Augusta, Georgia. This unique home seems to be destined to become one of Aiken's showplaces for generations to come.

(photo - unable to copy) OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF ASCAUGA LAKE CLUB

Left to right, seated: Mrs. R. J. Bass, Aiken; Mrs. Wm. N. Hilderbrandt, Augusta; Mrs. J. C. Florie, North Augusta; Mrs. Warren C. Lokey, Augusta; Mrs. M. A. Post, Ascauga Lake; Mrs. J. C. Phillips, Ascauga Lake. Standing: Mrs. Herbert M. Yonce, Vice-President, Augusta; Mrs. R. S. Woodhurst, Augusta; Dr. G. D. Stephenson, Augusta, President; Mr. W. A. Smith, Aiken; Mr. James A. Carter, Belvedere; and J. C. Phillips, Ascauga Lake, founder. Other officers not in picture are: Mrs H. J. Toole, Sweetwater; Mrs. C. A. McDermott, North Augusta; Mrs. Chas. M. Armour, Aiken.


Chapter XVII
MY PHILOSOPHY

The writing of this book has afforded me much pleasure and I hope each reader will find something of merit or interest therein. It has been said there is nothing new under the sun, yet every person is a law unto himself with no two in the universe exactly alike. As each person lives his life he leaves his stamp upon the community in which he lives. Aiken as it is today is the product of its citizens of yesterday. We use our minds to discover and make use of opportunities that come our way and we must train our minds to adapt ourselves to the needs and changes that confront us. Either we must adjust our habits and views to conform to changes in environment and existing conditions, or we must change our environment or existing conditions to suit our habits and views. Those who influence a community most fall into the latter group—they are those who are dissatisfied with existing conditions and set about to change them. These are the reformers who try to make things better for all of us. We like Aiken, we go away to the utter-most parts of the earth; but we return to Aiken, feeling there is no other place so good to live in. This does not mean that we sit still in complacency satisfied with Aiken as it is. We are told in Hebrews 7:19—"For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope." We must keep on striving and hoping, continually developing ourselves as individuals and our community in which we live. Josias Holland said, "Heaven is not reached by a single bound but we build the ladder by which we rise from the lowly earth to the Vaulted Skies, and we mount to its summit round by round." Browning said, "A man's reach should exceed his grasp, or what's a Heaven for?"

My mind goes back to the school days of 1873 and Webster's old "Blue Back Speller." Long hours we sat on a wooden bench, memorizing our A B C's which we were told we must because they were the very foundation of our future education. Then one day we were promoted to the "Blue Back Speller" and again we were told that it must be learned because it was the foundation upon which we would build cur future learning. Today, at the age of ninety, I find myself reminiscing over those days and my mind centers on the A B C's upon which I think a successful happy life is built.

THE A B C's of LIFE

ACTION—An act of doing. Action is necessary to build a successful life, for without action there is nothing. We can think, we can dream, but unless we do something about our dreams or put our thoughts into action there is nothing. The successful men that I have known have been the "Go-getters," the doers, the man with initiative, and eager industry.

BELIEF—Our lives are truly built around our beliefs—our belief in God, our belief in our way of life, our belief in each other. We should use our beliefs as guiding lights along the way.

COURAGE—We must have courage to stand up for the things we believe in, courage to fight and to work for them. What we believe is right may not be popular, but if we are true to ourselves we will have the courage to acknowledge our beliefs and strive to make other people believe in them. Most of the reforms of history have been brought about by those brave souls who have fought for those reforms unceasingly because they believed in them. Shakespeare has said, "To thine own self be true" (and he meant thine own beliefs) "and thou cans't not be false to any man."

DILIGENCE—Industriousness.—A diligent person will work constantly to accomplish what he has set out to do. Luther Bur-bank, by his diligent efforts developed the large luscious tomato we know to-day, from a little love apple, a weed growing by the wayside. Edison gave us the electric light by diligently working, never stopping to rest except for short cat-naps, working day after day for 20 hours or more, his only rest a few moments sleep standing at his work.

ENERGY—Vigor, force, power. This word is so interwoven with existence that it is hard to define, yet it is most important to life for when all energy is gone life itself is gone. Its general application spells the difference between success and failure. One is especially blessed of God to possess energy and health. We should utilize its full force.

FAITH—Usually thought to express one's religious beliefs, but its application should be carried to every vocation of life. The business world uses faith constantly—even the dollars we use daily are founded on faith, world-wide faith. By faith we live and exercise its meaning in nearly every adventure for a successful life in this life to come.

GROWTH—Is life development. We should strive to attain our full growth spiritually, mentally and physically, for unless we grow we will retrogress. If we do not go forward we will surely move backwards for there is no standing still.

HAPPINESS—The secret of true happiness lies in one trait of character "unselfishness." So often we search and search for happiness when we could find it within ourselves. When we stop thinking of ourselves and think of others, we find true happiness.

IMAGINATION—Every worthwhile act or moment in life is first imaged in the brain before it is put into practice. The imagination of air castles are better than no castles at all. All worthwhile inventions are first imagined in the mind. All of the great pieces of literature have come forth from an imaginative mind. One should -develop his powers of imagination and carry them into successful fruition.

JUSTICE—The principle or practice of dealing justly with others. The meaning of justice is shown clearly by the fable of "The Partial Judge" in Webster's "Blue Back Speller." A farmer came to a neighbor telling him of an accident.

"One of your oxen has just been gored by a bull of mine-please tell me how I can make reparation," he said.

The neighbor replied, "Thou art an honest fellow and I think it will not be unreasonable that I expect one of yours in return." The farmer replied, "It is no more than justice, to be sure; but what did I say? I mistake—it is your bull that has killed one of my oxen."

"Indeed," said the neighbor, "That alters the case; I must inquire into the affair, and if—."

:"And 'if," you had been as ready to do justice to others as to exact from them."

From this fable we have the saying. "It depends on whose ox is gored."

KINDNESS-The kind person is the unselfish person. The little kindnesses dropped like flowers along the way of Me take root and grow making friends for the kind persons. A cross word once spoken, a cruel act once done, cannot be retracted. It is a good practice to speak no evil of anyone. Treat others as you would have them treat you. "Cast your bread upon the waters and it will come back to you."

LOVE-Is the greatest thing in the world. Without it there would be chaos. Rule hate and discord out of your life, and instead love beautiful things, love good things, and love people. Love your home, love every member of your family and above all love your Creator. "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind, and thy Neighbor as thyself."

MERCY—Is like "the gentle rain that droppeth from Heaven upon the place beneath. It is twice blessed. It blesseth him that gives and him that takes." "Judge not, lest you be judged. Be merciful and thou shalt obtain mercy."

NATURE—Is out of doors and every person should spend a part of his time there. Do not let your work or social activities deprive you of the joy of the outdoors. Nature has a great healing power. Under the shade of the trees, in the quiet fields, beside a stream, away from the crowds you can commune with God. It is there that you can find contentment, peace and calm.

OPPORTUNITY-Prepare yourself to be ready when Opportunity comes, and grasp her hand when she knocks. Seize every opportunity to do a kind deed.

PATIENCE—Is a virtue that few possess and we all need in this rapid pace we follow. Endow yourself with a willingness to wait, to bear with the little irritations of life, and endure without complaining. Learn to be a good listener and your rich reward will be an abundance of friends that come.

QUALITY—We should be satisfied with nothing less than the best. Strive for a high quality in all your work and you will reach the top.

RELIGION—As defined in the new Testament is "To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction and to keep himself unspotted from the world." Religion fills a need in the hearts of all people. True religion was exemplified by the life of Christ, who was gentle and kind, never causing a tear or an ache because of any act of his. He went about doing good and he forgave his enemies. We should be religious and we should be identified with a church.

SACRIFICE—Is that which is given up for another's good. God set the example of sacrifice when he gave up his only Son that we might be saved. No sacrifice is too great for a parent to make for the good of a child. We should all be prepared to make sacrifices we are called upon to make for the common good. Willingness to sacrifice one's desire for another is one of the finest virtues.

TRUTH—A grand jury sifts the evidence presented for an indictment to find a true bill against the accused. We, too, should seek the truth and not form opinions lightly. Do not believe everything you hear. "Things seen are better than things heard." Seeing is believing."

UNITY—In our plan for life we must have unity or oneness of purpose. We should set our goal ahead, keeping our aims in view. If we know what we want to accomplish in life we can let every thought and act steer us toward our goal.

VICTORY—Is the winning of any contest. If we strive to win the little daily battles we will in the end win the big battle of life. The easy road is not always the best, for we are developed by the hurdles we overcome. Our opponents may make us develop our own individualities and thus become our friends. Have no fear of obstacles along the way, but meet and overcome them as they arise.

WILL—Without a determined will, there will be few accomplishments. A person who has a strong will has a quality of "stick-to-it-ive-ness" that always sets him high above his weaker brothers. His endurance wins the race for him, for the darkest hour is often just before the dawn. Develop will power and you will be able to accomplish what you set out to do.

X—Stands for the unknown quantity. No one knows what lies ahead. It behooves us only to work unceasingly for our goal and to wait for the future to unfold.

YOUTH—One's youth is the time to prepare one's self for life. The foundations laid in youth bear fruit in adulthood. It is a good thing to cultivate a youthful outlook on life. Be young in spirit and in heart always, and your being will be filled with a zest for living.

ZEAL—Is earnest enthusiasm, a quality which is contagious. Have enthusiasm and zeal for every undertaking and your enthusiasm will spread to others. Zeal for things you believe in will act as a magnet, drawing others to accept your viewpoints and to follow where you lead.

In closing I would like to leave this thought with you, best expressed in this little poem.

INFLUENCE

I spoke a word

And no one heard;

I wrote a word

And no one cared

Or seemed to heed,

But after half a score of years

It blossomed in a fragrant deed.

Preachers and teachers all are we,

Sowers of seed unconsciously.

Our hearers are beyond our ken,

Yet all we give may come again

With usury of joy and pain;

We never know

To what one little word may grow.

See to it, then, that all your seeds

Be such as bring forth noble deeds.

John Oxenham.

ERRATA

Page 160—Reverse names under Olin Salley and Lyman A. McMillan.

Page 304—Staff Personnel, Aiken County Department of Public Health—Mrs. Welhelmina H. Moody, County Director . . . should be Wilhelmina H. Moody.

Page 309—Aiken County Postmaster—C. E. Cannon should be C. E. Cannon. Mrs. Clara Harrigal and T. B. Holman were also postmasters at Aiken. Bennie Permenter is the present postmaster.

Page 316-Under Photo 11, John C. Williams should be John F. Williams-1913-1940.

Page 317-Biography II, John C. Williams should be John F. Williams-1913-1940.

Page 324—Under Mr. Ernest Brown—Mrs. Calvin Whittle should be Mrs. Louis Whittle.

Page 327—Sketch of Edmund B. Jackson—Line 9—Yybrand should be Lybrand.

Page 328-Aiken County Sheriffs-1955, Sheriff Price Fallow should be Sheriff Price Fallaw.

Page 331—Equity Masters—L. C. M. Oliverous, line 3, should be L. M. C. Oliveros.

Page 338—Biography of Judge Smoak—Line 2, Miss Marion Hartog should be Miss Marion Hartzog,

Page 364—Theodore Geddings Tarver—Line 1, Hephizbah, Georgia, should be Hephzibah, Georgia.

Page 880—Picture 4 is not Mrs. Gardner Bridson (Briden), but her sister, Mrs. Katie Gardner Williams.

RICHARD I. MANNING 1915-1919
IRA C. BLACKWOOD
1931 - 1934
OLIN D. JOHNSTON 1935 - 1939
BURNET R. MAYBANK 1939 - 1940
J. EMILE HARLEY 1941
JAMES F. BYRNES 1950 - 1954

"NINETY YEARS IN AIKEN COUNTY" PRINTED AND BOUND BY WALKER, EVANS ir COGSWELL CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C____SET IN LINOTYPE CALEDONIA, AND PRINTED ON WEST VIRGINIA PULP AND PAPER COMPANY'S STERLING ENAMEL-60X SUBSTANCE.

THE AUTHOR'S FAMILY

Gasper Loren Toole, II was born at Montmorenci, S. C. on April 13, 1867. He married May Eunice Perrin (born May 21, 1866 at Cotton Levels, Abbeville County, and died Dec. 17, 1925) on October II, 1887. He married Sarah E. Cox (born July 25, 1874) of Washington, D. C. on Dec. 18, 1926. The children of his first marriage are:

Frampton Wyman Toole—Born February 13, 1891 at Montmorenci. Married Lillian Winifred Jones of Wagener, S. C. on April 22, 1914. Children are listed on page 366.

Cleora Allene Toole—Born February 1, 1897 at Montmorenci. Married Walter Kirk Murray of Maspeth, Long Island on June 15, 1929.

Fannie Mae Toole-Born August 24, 1900 at Aiken, S. C. Married James P. Herrin of Johnston, S. C. on January 27, 1923. Their children are:

Annie Cleora Herrin—Born January 28, 1924. Married Clair H. Henkes of Farmersburg, Iowa on July 1, 1942. They have two sons: Harley Gene, born May 30, 1947, and Clair H. Jr., born March 3, 1951.

James P. Herrin, Jr.—Born October 22, 1926. Married Alice Perkins of Camden, Alabama on Feb. 8, 1947. They have one son, James Donald, born Nov. 26, 1948.

Perrin P. Herrin-Born Oct. 21, 1928. Married Claire MacDonald of Roxbury, Mass, on Aug. 31, 1952. They have two daughters: Gayle Patricia, born Aug. 10, 1953, and Sharon Lyn, born Dec. 28, 1956.

Mary Julia Herrin-Born Sept. 23, 1933 and died June 20, 1937.

Lucy Evelyn Herrin—Born March 29, 1935. Married Joseph E. Finnegan of Rose Hill, Miss, on June 29, 1953. They have one daughter, Mary Anne, born Aug. 25, 1954.

Frances Mae Herrin—Born May 19, 1937. Married Sammie E. Botkin of Marietta, 111. on Aug. 18, 1956. They have one daughter, Elaine Patricia, born Nov. 14, 1957.

Mildred Lorena Herrin-Born Oct. 11, 1939. Married Billie R. Safely of Chattanooga, Tenn. on Sept. 9, 1956.

Julia Belle Toole-Born May 20, 1903 at Aiken, S. C. Married James B. McIntosh of New York City.

Lorena Helen Toole—Born April 20, 1905 at Aiken, S. C. Married John Grigsby Milhous of Olar, S. C. on October 30, 1931.

Samuel Perrin Toole-Born October 31, 1908 at Aiken, S. C. See page 108 for biography.

 

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