Daniel Huger
February 20, 1742 – July 6, 1799

South Carolina Genealogy Trails
Transcribed from many sources by
Dena Whitesell

Daniel Huger (February 20, 1742 – July 6, 1799) a Delegate and a Representative from South Carolina; born on Limerick plantation in St. John’s parish, Berkeley County, S.C., February 20, 1742; educated at home and in the schools of Charleston, S.C.; also studied in England; member of colonial assembly, 1773-1775; justice of the peace in 1775; member of the State house of representatives 1778-1780; member of the Governor’s council in 1780; Member of the Continental Congress 1786-1788; elected as a Pro-Administration candidate to the First and Second Congresses (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1793); on retiring from Congress resided in Charleston and on his Wateree plantation; engaged in the management of his extensive estates; died in Charleston, S.C., July 6, 1799; interment in the western churchyard of St. Philip’s Church, Charleston, S.C., with a memorial tablet in the Huguenot church there. (Dictionary of American Biography)

His son, Daniel Elliott Huger, would later served in the United States Senate for South Carolina and married a daugther of Arthur Middleton; a granddaugther of Daniel Elliot Huger {Mary Procter Huger} was the wife of Confederate General [Arthur Middleton Manigault]; likewise a newphew of Daniel Elliot Huger was Confederate General Benjamin Huger.

Daniel Elliott Huger, (son of Daniel Huger), a Senator from South Carolina; born on Limerick plantation, near Charleston, S.C., June 28, 1779; pursued classical studies in Charleston; graduated from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) in 1798; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1799 and began practice in Charleston, S.C.; member, State house of representatives 1804-1819; brigadier general of State troops in 1814; judge of the circuit court 1819-1830; member, State senate 1830-1832, 1838-1842; opposition member of the State nullification convention in 1832; elected as a State Rights Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John C. Calhoun and served from March 4, 1843 to March 3, 1845, when he resigned; delegate to the state-rights convention in 1852, where he urged moderation; died on Sullivans Island, S.C., August 21, 1854; interment in Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C. (Dictionary of American Biography)

Benjamin Huger (November 22, 1805 – December 7, 1877) was a career United States Army ordnance officer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War.

Huger was born in Charleston, South Carolina. His grandfather, also named Benjamin Huger, was a patriot in the American Revolution, killed at Charleston during the British occupation. His maternal grandfather was Thomas Pinckney. Huger graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1825 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery. He served as a topographical engineer until 1828, then took a leave of absence to visit Europe. Upon his return, he became an ordnance officer and spent the majority of his career at that occupation. He commanded Fortress Monroe arsenal for twelve years, and was a member of the U.S. Army Ordnance Board for seven years.

In the Mexican-American War, Huger was chief of ordnance on the staff of Winfield Scott, and received brevets to major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel, for gallant and meritorious conduct at Vera Cruz, Molino del Rey, and Chapultepec. In 1852 he was presented a sword by South Carolina in recognition of the honor his career had cast upon his native state. After this war he served on the board that prepared a system of artillery instruction for the army, and was in command of the armories at Harpers Ferry, Charleston, and Pikesville, Maryland.

At the start of the Civil War, he was commissioned colonel of artillery in the Confederate States Army. On May 23, 1861, he was assigned to command the Department of Norfolk, with defensive responsibilities for North Carolina and southern Virginia. By October 7, 1861, he achieved the rank of major general. In May of 1862, when Union troops were approaching, Huger ordered the destruction of the Norfolk works and naval yard at Portsmouth. He dismantled the CSS Virginia ironclad and evacuated the area. While in command of Roanoke Island, he failed to reinforce his position, and his command had to surrender to the Union expeditionary force. Although the Confederate Congress investigated Huger's part in this defeat, Confederate President Jefferson Davis assigned him to division command under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Huger led his division at Seven Pines and in several of the Seven Days Battles (now under the command of Robert E. Lee). He was criticized for his lackluster leadership in battles such as White Oak Swamp and Malvern Hill. Lee relieved of him duty on July 12, 1862, part of his wider purge of generals who did not meet Lee's expectations for aggressive tendencies in battle.

Following combat service on the Virginia Peninsula, Huger was assigned to be Assistant Inspector General of artillery and ordnance for the Confederate Army, and in 1863 was appointed Chief of Ordnance for the Trans-Mississippi Department. After the war, he was a farmer in North Carolina and Virginia, finally returning in poor health to his home in South Carolina.

Huger died in Charleston and is buried in Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland. He was memorialized when the U.S. Army constructed "Battery Huger" inside the historic walls of Fort Sumter for the Spanish-American War. His first cousin once removed Mary Procter Huger was married to another cousin-Confederate General Arthur Middleton Manigault

Sources:  The Nationmaster  & Dictionary of American Biography
- online

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